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Original Title: Charles Law

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Charles' Law

Jaques Charles was a disturbing and scary guy. Though he came up with a really

handy law for determining what the relationships between the volume and temperature

of a gas are, his private life was far more bizarre. Some say that if you go by the old

Charles mansion at the edge of town, you can still hear the moaning and wailing of his

ghost, forever roaming the night.*

Anyhow, what Charles determined through his studies was that when you change the

temperature of a gas, the volume changes. Not surprising - you probably know already

that if you heat something, it tends to get bigger. What he found, though, was that if you

divide the volume by the temperature of a gas at one temperature, you get a constant.

Just like Boyle found, if you change the volume or temperature of this gas, you get the

same constant. From this, Charles came up with this statement:

V1/T1 = V 2/T2

Where the subscript "1" indicates the initial volume and temperature and the subscript

"2" indicated the volume and temperature after the change. Temperature, incidentially,

needs to be given in Kelvins and not in Celsius - this is because if you have a

temperature below zero degrees Celsius, the calculation works out so the volume of the

gas is negative, and you can't have a negative volume.

will the volume be if we heat the gas to 80 degrees Celsius?

Answer: The first thing we have to do is convert the temperatures to Kelvins (by adding

273), because Celsius can't be used in this equation. To do this, we get that the initial

temperature is 40 + 273 = 313 K and the final temperature is 80 + 273 = 353 K. We're

now ready to start sticking these numbers into the equation:

2 L / 313 K = x L / 353 K

x = 2.26 L

*This story isn't true.

(Source: http://misterguch.brinkster.net/gaslaws.html)

Gr11 Chem Unit 2: Gases and the Atmosphere, Lesson 6: Volume, Temperature

Charles’s Law

1) If I have 45 liters of helium in a balloon at 25 0 C and increase the temperature of the balloon to

550 C, what will the new volume of the balloon be?

2) Calcium carbonate decomposes at 12000 C to form carbon dioxide and calcium oxide. If 25 liters

of carbon dioxide are collected at 1200 0 C, what will the volume of this gas be after it cools to 25 0

C?

3) I have 130 liters of gas in a piston at a temperature of 250 0 C. If I cool the gas until the volume

decreases to 85 liters, what will temperature of the gas be?

Gr11 Chem Unit 2: Gases and the Atmosphere, Lesson 6: Volume, Temperature

1) If I have 45 liters of helium in a balloon at 25 0 C and increase the temperature of the balloon to

550 C, what will the new volume of the balloon be?

45 L x

=

298 K 328 K

x=50 L

2) Calcium carbonate decomposes at 12000 C to form carbon dioxide and calcium oxide. If 25 liters

of carbon dioxide are collected at 1200 0 C, what will the volume of this gas be after it cools to 25 0

C?

25 L x

=

1473 K 298 K

x=5 .1 L

3) I have 130 liters of gas in a piston at a temperature of 250 0 C. If I cool the gas until the volume

decreases to 85 liters, what will temperature of the gas be?

130 L 85 L

=

523 K x

x=340 K

x=690 C

(For chemistry help, visit www.chemfiesta.com © 2003 Cavalcade Publishing – All Rights Reserved)

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