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Workshop On

Structural Analysis And Design


Using Staad.Pro

By
SHASHIKANT GADAG
Civil Engineering Department
National Institute of Technology, Warangal (AP)
March 2013
Area of the Plan = 100 m2
No. of Storey = 5 (G+4)
Height of each Storey = 4 m (GF)
3.5 m (R
Plan of the Building
Dimensions of Elements

Thickness of Slab = 150mm


Beam Section = 230 * 450 mm
Column Section = 230 * 500 mm
Wall Thickness = 300/200 mm
Unit Weights of Materials

Material Unit weights


Brick work 20 kN/m3
Plain concrete 24 kN/m3
Reinforced concrete 25 kN/m3
Earth 16-18 kN/m3
Mortar, plaster 20 kN/m3
Steel 78.5 kN/m3
Water 10 kN/m3
Unit Weights of Elements
Element Length Breadth Thickness Density Weight
(m) (m) (m) (kN/m3) (kN/m2)
Slab 1 1 0.15 25 3.75
Wall 1 1 0.25 20 4.6
Beam 0.23 0.45 1 25 3.45
Column 0.23 0.5 1 25 4.02
Live Loads
Type of floors Minimum Live Load,
UDL
Residential building, 2.0 kN/m2
All class rooms and kitchen

Toilet and bath rooms 2.0 kN/m2


Corridors, passages, stair 3.0 kN/m2
cases
Hotels 2.0 kN/m2
X-ray rooms and operating 3.0 kN/m2
theatre
Seismic Weights of Floors
Storey Slab Walls Beams Column I.Load Total
5 375 80 207 161 300 1123
4 375 1400 207 161 300 2443
3 375 1400 207 161 300 2443
2 375 1400 207 161 300 2443
1(GF) 375 1400 207 161 300 2443
Total = 10895 kN
Data for Equivalent Static Method:
Seismic zone: - Zone III
Damping ratio: - 5%
Seismic zone factor (Z):- 0.16 (Table 2)
Importance factor (I):- 1(Table 6)
Response reduction factor(R):- 3 (OMRF)
Fundamental natural period (Ta) = 0.075(h).75
= 0.075x (18).75
= 0.655
‘Sa/g’ is spectral acceleration = 1/T a = 1/ 0.655 = 1.53
Foundation soil type: - Hard soil
The total seismic Base shear is given by
VB = AHW
AH = Design horizontal acceleration spectrum values and
it is determined by the following expression.
W = total seismic weight of building
AH = (Z/2)*(I/R)*(Sa/g)
= (0.16/2)*(1/3)*(1.53)
= .0408
The total seismic Base shear
= .0408*10895
Vb= 446 kN
Vertical Distribution of Base Shear
to Different Floor Levels
Qi = VB *(WIhi2/∑Wihi2)

Storey Height Qi
4 18 m 180.24 kN
3 14.5 m 169.74 kN
2 11 m 97.70 kN
1 7.5 m 45.41 kN
GF 4m 12.92 kN
Wind Load Calculations
The wind load is calculated as per IS 875(Part-III)
VZ = Vb*k1* k2* k3
where ,
Vz = design wind speed at any height z in m/s;
k1 = probability factor (risk coefficient)
k2 = terrain, height and structure size factor
k3 = topography factor.
Data available:
Vb= design wind speed at any height z in m/s
=33 km/h
k1 = probability factor (risk coefficient) =1.0
k2 = terrain, height and structure size factor
=category 3; building class B
k3 = topography factor=1.0
Design Wind Pressure:

PZ =0.6VZ2
where,
PZ = design wind pressure in N/m2 at height z
VZ = design wind velocity in m/s at height z
Height K2 Vz Pz
(m/s) (kN/m2)
Up to 9 m 0.88 29.04 0.506
height
9m to 15m 0.94 31.02 0.577
15m to 18m 0.98 32.34 0.627