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When I first had some involvement in construction, I was surprised that the sand and gravel used in the

concrete making have specifications. For a long time, I though that you can just used any stones and
sands found near the river or beach. The videos made me realized that even the production of the
aggregates involved some not-so-simple process. Ofcourse, we all know that cement need to bind
something to form a concrete, and these are the course and light aggregates.

After looking for a site where there are plenty of deposits can be found, the process of gathering the
rocks will follow through. This uses large heavy equipment. Sometimes using blasting is also utilized to
accelerate the gathering process. These raw materials obtained will then be processed in the crushing
plants. They will be passed through a crushing equipment where the size and shape of the needed
aggregates.

Screening process will separate the different sizes of the crushed rocks. This is the same process of sieve
analysis that we did in out Construction Materials and Testing Class. This is just the large version of it.
Just like in any production of the construction materials, I was really amazed by the power and speed
the equipment have.

While the process and the equipment amaze me, the videos made me realized that as a natural
material, there are big environmental implications to this production. Quarrying involves cutting of
mountain slopes and removing soil cover and this part of the process saddens me a little. While this is
inevitable, I think there should be more active efforts right now in the use of recycled aggregates. I am
excited to learn more about this topic as this will really help the construction industry in minimizing its
carbon footprint. I usually passed by small crushing plants when I was still in the provinces. Now I know
how they really works.