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ELECTROMECHANICAL WORKS

"THE GATE" DOHA-QATAR


SCHEMATIC DESIGN REPORT

EARTHING RESISTANCE ANALYSIS CALCULATIONS BASED ON BS 7430 : 1991

A.SELECTION OF AN EARTHING CONDUCTOR AND CONNECTION TO AN ELECTRODE CLEAR

1. AVERAGE FAULT CURRENT, KA 50


2. FAULT CURRENT DURATION 1 or 3 SECONDS ( 1 or 3 ) 1
CALCULATE - A
3. EARTH. CONDUCT. MATERIAL, COPPER or ALUM. or STEEL ( C or A or S ) C
4. INITIAL TEMPERATURE, DEG.C 70 or
5. FINAL TEMPERATURE, DEG.C 500
CALCULATE - A
6. EARTHING CONDUCTOR CROSS SECTIONAL AREA, MM2 240.73
7. NEXT HIGHER STAND. EARTHING CONDUCTOR CROSS SEC. AREA, MM2 300
FINAL TEMPERATURE, DEG.C
B.VERTICAL RODS (150,200,250,450,500 for copper)
(150,200,300,500 for aluminum)
1. RESISTIVITY OF THE SOIL, OHM.METER 250
CALCULATE - B
2. LENGTH OF ELECTRODE, METER 6
3. DIAMETER OF ELECTRODE , METER 3 NO. OF ELECTRODES :
4. ARRANGMENT OF ELECTRODES, LINE or SQUARE or RECTANGLE or TRIANGLE ( L or S or R or T) T (2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 for L)
5. TOTAL NO. OF ELECTRODES IN LINE or IN SQUARE or IN RECTANGLE or IN TRIANGLE 45 (4, 8,12.16,20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 44, 52, 60, 68, 76 for S or R)
6. DISTANCE BETWEEN ADJACENT RODS, METER 3 (length / width <=2 for rectangle R)
7. TOTAL EARTHING RODS RESISTANCE, OHMS 0.75 (3 for triangle T)

C. HORIZONTAL ROUND ELECTRODES

1. LENGTH OF HORIZONTAL CONDUCTOR, METER 75


CALCULATE - C
2. DEPTH OF HORIZONTAL CONDUCTOR, METER 0.6
3. DIAMETER OF HORIZONTAL CONDUCTOR, METER 0.0223
4. HORIZONTAL CONDUCTOR ARRANGEMENT, ( 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 ) 2
* MEANS THAT :
1= SINGLE LENGTH ( * )
2= TWO LENGTHS AT 900
3= THREE LENGTHS AT 1200
4= FOUR LENGTHS AT 900 200 Minimum Maximum
5. SPACE BETWEEN STRAIGHT HORIZONTAL CONDUCTORS IN //, METER 2 1.5 22.5 Select space value bet. Max
6. NO. OF ONLY SINGLE HORIZONTAL CONDUCTOR IN //, one or two or three or four ( * ) 1
7. EARTHING RESISTANCE OF HORIZONTAL CONDUCTORS, OHMS 2.11

( * ) 0.02 <= ratio of spacing to length <= 0.3 shall be considered and applied only for conductors in //

CALCULATE - D
D. CURRENT DENSITY
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SCHEMATIC DESIGN REPORT
1. CURRENT DENSITY, AMPERES PER SQUARE METER 480.42
2. SURFACE AREA OF VERTICAL RODS, SQUARE METER 2544.69
3. SURFACE AREA OF HORIZONTAL ELECTRODES, SQUARE METER 2555.20
4. SURFACE AREA OF VERTICLE AND HORIZONTAL ELECTRODES, SQUARE METER 5099.89
5. SHORT CIRCUIT GROUND (EARTH) GRID WITHSTAND, AMPERES ###

E. CONCLUSIONS
1. Combination of the two values estimated under items (B) and (C) shall be less than any individual values of (B) or (C) because
they are naturally conneted in parallel. So, the final total earthing resistance shall be less than the smallest value of 0.75

2. If Short Circuit Current Ground Grid withstand exceeds The fault current, the Grid will be safe otherwise it will not be safe,
So the grid is Safe
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SCHEMATIC DESIGN REPORT

R =
a =
Rn =
Rh =
Rn2 =
###
no. of electode
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
44, 52, 60, 68, 76 for S or R) ###
Landa
###
###
###
ELECTRODE ARRANGEMENT*
###
###
###
###
###
###
*
1=
2=
elect space value bet. Max 3 =
4=

METAL
C
A
S
ELECTROMECHANICAL WORKS
"THE GATE" DOHA-QATAR
SCHEMATIC DESIGN REPORT

GROUNDING RESISTANCE ANALYSIS CALCULATIONS BASED ON IEEE Std.80

A.SELECTION OF GROUNDING CONDUCTOR AND CONNECTION TO AN ELECTRODE CLEAR

CALCULATE - A
1. FAULT CURRENT, KA rms 30
2. FAULT CURRENT DURATION 1 or 3 SECONDS ( 1 or 3 ) 0.5
3. GROUND MATERIALS ( 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 see definition below ) 1 Table (2)
(1=copper annealed soft drawn, 2=copper commercial harddrawn, 3=copper commercial harddrawn, 4=copper clad steel wire,
5=copper clad steel wire, 6=copper clad steel rod, 7=steel 1020, 8=stainless clad rod, 9=stainless steel 304)
6. GROUNDING CONDUCTOR CROSS SECTIONAL AREA, MM2 75.29
7. NEXT HIGHER STANDARD GROUNDING CONDUCTOR CROSS SEC. AREA, MM2 95 Equation (42)

B.VERTICAL GROUND RODS AND HORIZONTAL GROUND CONDUCTORS

1. RESISTIVITY OF THE SOIL, OHM.METER 250


CALCULATE - B,C,D
2. LENGTH OF ELECTRODE, METER 3
3. DIAMETER OF VERTICAL ELECTRODE , METER 0.01905
4. NO. OF RODS PLACED IN AREA 20
5. LENGTH OF GRID, METER 220
6. WIDTH OF GRID, METER 75
7. TOTAL LENGTH OF ALL CONNECTED GRID CONDUCTORS, METER 800
8. DEPTH OF HORIZONTAL CONDUCTOR, METER 0.6

9. AREA OF GRID COVERED BY CONDUCTORS, M2 16500


10. DIAMETER OF HORIZONTAL CONDUCTOR, METER 0.014
11. FACTOR K1 1.05
12. FACTOR K2 4.95
13. GROUNDING RESISTANCE OF RODS , OHMS 4.46 Equation (55)
14. GROUNDING RESISTANCE OF HORIZONTAL CONDUCTORS , OHMS 1.13 Equation (54)

C. MUTUAL GROUND RESISTANCE


1. MUTUAL GROUND RESISTANCE, OHMS 0.88 Equation (56)

D. TOTAL GROUND RESISTANCE


1. TOTAL GROUND RESISTANCE, OHMS 1.11 Equation (53)
BS 7433 IEEE std.80