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Chapter 2 : Nutrition

Topic: Importance of Nutrition and Good Eating Habits

1. What is meant by balanced diet?

Food consumed that contains ______________________ of food.

2. Deficiency in protein can cause a disease called _______________.

3. Table shows the calorific values of the three classes of food.

Food classes calorific value per gram/KJ

Protein 22

Carbohydrate 17

Fat 38

A kid ate a burger that contains 20 g of carbohydrate, 10 g of protein and 2 g of fat.

Calculate the calorific value of the burger eaten

4. People who live in the North Pole need food that is rich in fat is to ________________.

5. Deficiency in vitamin D can lead to a disease called _________________________.

6. Lists the factor that affects the calorific needs of an individual?

___________________________________________________________________________.

7. Restrain from eating occurs among female super model can cause a disease called ____________.

8. Table shows the calorific values of the three classes of food.

Food classes calorific value per gram/KJ

Carbohydrate 19.2

Protein 22.8

Fat 35.4

A girl ate a plate of fried noodle that contains 40g of carbohydrate, 20g of protein and 5g of fat.

Calculate the calorific value of the noodle eaten.

Topic : The Need of Nutrients in Plants

1. Which of the element is needed by plants in large quantities?

_______________________________________________________________________________.
2. Which groups of elements are micronutrients needed by plants?

_______________________________________________________________________________.

3. What is the sign of chlorosis in plants?

_______________________________________________________________________________.

4. Potassium is needed by plants to ____________________________________________________.

5. Plants are producer in the food chain because__________________________________________.

6. A plant shows the following conditions.

· Yellow leaves · Brown spots appear on leaves · Dead cells at the tips of the leaves

The plant shows signs of nutrient deficiency in ________________________________________.

7. Which of the following is the symptom of deficiency in phosphorus?

I. Very few flowers and fruits

II. Weak stem

III. Dark green leaves with red spot

Answer: ______________

Topic: Nitrogen Cycle and Its Importance

1. Which of the following will increase the content of nitrates in the soil?

I. Denitrification of bacteria

II. Nitrogen-fixing bacteria

III. Lightning

Answer:______________

2. The diagram shows a simplified nitrogen cycle.

What are the processes labeled X and Y?


3. The diagram shows part of nitrogen cycle.

What is process X?.

4. The diagram shows part of nitrogen cycle.

What is P?

5. Nitrogen is absorbed by the roots of plants in the form of _______________.

6. The diagram shows a nitrogen cycle.

What are the processes labeled X and Y?