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Description Formula Units


At Base
ELEMENT No.
Moment ( Mx ) kN-m 156.036
Moment ( Mxy ) kN-m 23.630
Width ( b ) mm 1000
Depth ( D ) mm 1500
Grade of Concrete ( fck ) N/mm2 20
Grade of Steel ( fy ) N/mm 2
415
Stress in concrete ( σcbc ) N/mm2 7
Stress in steel ( σst ) N/mm 2
190
Elasticity Modulus of Steel N/mm 2
200000
Cover to Reinforcement ( Cmin. ) mm 75

1. Design constants :
Modular ratio ( m ) 280 / (3 * σcbc) 13.333
Neutral axis factor ( k ) 1/ (1+(σst/ (m*σcbc)) 0.329
Lever arm factor ( j ) 1 - k/3 0.890
M.R. factor ( Q ) 0.5 * σcbc * j * k 1.026

2. Calculation of Steel :
Design Moment ( M ) Mx + Mxy kN-m 179.666
Required Eff. Depth ( d ) M/(Q*b) mm 418.395
Provided Eff. Depth D-C-Ф/2 mm 1415.000
Hence OK
Reuired Flexural Steel (Ast) M / ( σst * j *d ) mm2 750.707
Minimum Area of Steel 0.12 % ( b * D ) mm2 900.000
Provide Minimum Steel 900.000
Dia. of bar ( Ф ) 20.000
Area of bar ( ast ) П/4 * Ф2 mm2 314.159
Required Spacing ( S ) ( ast / Ast ) * 1000 mm 340.0
Provided Area of Steel ( ast / S ) * 1000 mm2 924.00

3. Check for Shear :


Nominal shear stress (τv) V/(b*d) N/mm2 0.049
Provided % of Steel (Ast / (b*d))*100 % 0.065
Permissible shear stress N/mm 2
0.180
Hence OK