You are on page 1of 3

CEK FLUID MIXING APPARATUS

EXPERIMENT A

OBJECT OF EXPERIMENT:
To observe the various flow patterns that can be achieved by the use of different
impellers with and without the use of baffles.
EQUIPMENT SET-UP:
Fluid Mixing Apparatus filled with water up to a depth of 0.3m, flat paddle and
turbine impellers, screw propeller, set of baffles, plastic pellets and dye.

Speed On I Off switch Motor Dynamometer arm


indicator

Speed
controller Balance


, ■ 01•1110

0
■ ■ ■ • • • • • • ■ = . 7 1 I ■ • • ■ • •■••■• •■■•■
• ■ •••••
Turbine PROPELLER

Balance
adjust ment
A
Battle Paddles Draincock Water
PROCEDURE:

Attach flat paddle impeller with base of bush level with the end of the shaft. Add a
small quantity of plastic pellets and make sure that the torque arm clamp is fixed. Turn
up the speed of the impeller in small increments, say 25 r.p.m., until the pellets are
seen to swirl around in the water. A vortex will be seen to form on the surface of the
water. A small quantity of dye added to the water shows the mixing pattern of the
liquid. As the speed is increased air is entrained and bubbles become dispersed through
the water. Care should be taken to make sure that water does not spill over the sides of
the tank by increasing the speed too much.
Repeat the procedure with each impeller and again with the four baffles in position
with each impeller. Observe the movement of dye and pellets in each case. When the
concentration of dye becomes too high the tank should be drained and refilled with
fresh water.

Baffles

Lti

TYPICAL FLOW PAi ___i ERNS IN VESSEL WITH VERTICAL BAFFLES

A2
CEK FLUID MIXING APPARATUS

EXPERIMENT B

OBJECT OF EXPERIMENT:
To show how the power consumed by a mixer varies with speed, type of impeller, and
with the inclusion of baffles.

EQUIPMENT SET-UP:
`Fluid Mixing Apparatus, with medium or light oil up to a depth of 0.3m, flat paddle
and turbine impellers, screw propeller, set of baffles.

Speed indicator On I Oft Motor Dynamometer arm


switch

Indicator
Datum plate
Speed controller Balance

1111■1•011.

.M.■ 111•■ ••■■••• •110•••••


womagm.
••••■•
• a
 Ma,==.0 ■■
.1.....■■■
ilm0111..Mo •• ■ •• ■ • MINED
.11■Nwirm
11MEMINMI, I

111■••••• 1111■•■• ■•■10


.11WIND•IMM

 MMIN.

 ■•■11•111
■Ml.
 ■•■••  ■111111. .11■16.
PROPELLER

Balance
adjust mint
i

Turbine O il Paddies Draincocic

SUMMARY OF THEORY:

Power (W) = Torque (T) x Angular Speed co (rads -1)

Torque (T) = Force recorded on spring balance x length of torque arm (0.11m) (r)
PROCEDURE:
Fill the tank up to a depth of 0.3m with light oil and attach the flat paddle impeller,
0.09m x .Ls..06m with the base of the bush level with the end of the shaft. Release the
balance adjulImeat damp; and allow the dynamometer arm to move freely. To set the
dynamometer to a neuiral positice use the setdng bar and adjust the tension spring as
nezessany. AdjuSt the of the cord so that the indicator aligns with the mark on

Bl.