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## FLUID MECHANICS & MACHINES

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## 1 - In Red Wood Viscometer ______.

1) Absolute value of viscosity is determined
2) Part of the head of fluid is utilised in overcoming friction
3) Fluid discharges through orifice with negligible velocity
4) Comparison of viscosity is done

## 2 - A rotameter is a device used to measure

1) Velocity of fluid in pipes
2) Velocity of gauges
3) Votex flow
4) Flow of fluids

## 3 - Steady flow occurs when ______.

1) Pressure does not change along the flow
2) Velocity does not change
3) Conditions change gradually with time
4) Conditions do not change with time at any point

4 - If the particles of a fluid attain such velocities that vary from point to point in magnitude and
direction as well as from instant, the flow is _______.
1) Uniform flow
3) Turbulent flow
4) Laminar flow

3) Laminar
4) Vortex

## 6 - For measuring flow by a Venturimeter, it should be installed in _______.

1) Vertical line
2) Horizontal line

## 3) Inclined line with upward flow

4) In any direction and in any location

## 7 - A streamline is defined as the line ______.

1) Parallel to central axis flow
2) Parallel to outer surface to pipe
3) Of equal velocity in a flow
4) Along with the pressure drop is uniform

## 8 - The purpose of surge tank in a pipe line is to _______.

1) Smoothen the flow of water
2) Compensate friction losses in pipe
3) Prevent occurrence of hydraulic jump
4) Relieve pressure due to water hammer

9 - The resultant upward pressure of a fluid on a floating body is equal to the weight of fluid
displaced by the body. This definition is according to _______.
1) Buoyancy
2) Equilibrium of a floating body
3) Archimedes' principle
4) Bernoulli's theorem
10 - A balloon lifting in air follows the ______.
1) Law of gravitation
2) Archimedes principle
3) Principle of buoyancy
4) All options are correct

11- Hydraulic grade line as compared to the centre line of conduct ______.
1) Should be always above
2) Should be always below
3) Should always be parallel
4) May be above or below

12- A Piezometer cannot be used for pressure measurement in pipes when _______.
1) Pressure difference is low
2) Velocity is high
3) Fluid in the pipe is a gas
4) Fluid is highly viscous

## 13- A Hot Wire Anemometer is used for the measurement of ______.

Options:

1) Pressure of gases
2) Velocity of gases
3) Viscosity of gases
4) Viscosity of liquids

## 14 - Friction drag is generally larger than the pressure drag in _______.

Options:
1) Flow past a sphere
2) Flow past a cylinder
3) Flow past an airfoil
4) Flow past a thin sheet

15- If one of the wall moves in the direction of flow with uniform velocity while the other wall is
stationary, then the resulting flow between parallel walls is called ______.

Options:
1) Plug flow
2) Stoke's flow
3) Couette flow
4) Euler's flow

## 16- In a flow field, at the stagnation point _______.

Options:
1) Pressure is zero
2) velocity of fluid is zero
3) Pressure head is equal to velocity

## 17- Viscosity is the most important property in the ______.

Options:
1) Travel of a bullet through air
2) Water jet issuing from a fire air
3) Formation of soap bubbles
4) Flow of castor oil through a tube

18- If pressure at any point in the liquid approaches the vapor pressure, liquid starts vaporising and
creates pockets or bubbles of dissolved gases and vapours. This phenomenon is ______.

Options:
1) Surface tension
3) Vaporisation
4) Cavitation

## 19 - The fluid forces considered in the Navier-Strokes equation are ______.

Options:
1) Gravity, pressure and viscous
2) Gravity, pressure and turbulent
3) Pressure, viscous and turbulent
4) Gravity, viscous and turbulent

20 - Hydraulic grade line for any flow system as compared to energy line is ______.

Options:
1) Above
2) Below
3) At same level
4) Uncertain

21-To avoid vaporisation in the pipe line, the pipe line over the ridge is laid such that it is not more
than _____.
Options:
1) 2.4 m above the hydraulic gradient
2) 6.4m above the hydraulic gradient
3) 10.0 m above the hydraulic gradient
4) 5.0 m above the hydraulic gradient

22- The locus of elevations that water will rise in a series of pitot tube is called ______.
Options:

23 - Pressure in Pascals at a depth of 1 m below the free surface of a body of water will be equal to
_______.
Options:
1) 1 Pa
2) 98.1 Pa
3) 981 Pa
4) 9810 Pa

24- If a pump is handling water and is discharging a certain flow Q at a constant total dynamic head
requiring a definite B.H.P., the same pump when handling a liquid of specific gravity 0.75 and
viscosity nearly same as of water would discharge
Options:
1) same quantity of liquid
2) 0.75Q
3) Q/0.75
4) 1.5Q

25- A 20 cm diameter pipe 5000 metres long conveys 0.05 cumec of water which is to be pumped
through a height of 6 metres. What is the horse power required by the pump, if its efficiency is 75 %
?(take 4f = 0.006)
Options:
1) 74.2 HP
2) 74 HP
3) 75 HP
4) 50 HP

26.

Options:
1) 16.28 cm
2) 17.28 cm
3) 19.28 cm
4) 25.28 cm

## 27- For laminar flow in a pipe, V is equal to

Options:
1) Umax
2) 0.5 Umax
3) 0.25 Umax
4) 2 Umax

28 - Water at 20° C flowing through a 20 cm diameter pipe. Take kinematic viscosity of water at
20°C is equal to 0.0101 stoke. Assume that the changes from laminar to turbulent at Re = 2320. The
critical velocity will be _____.

Options:
1) 1.117 cm/sec
2) 11.17 cm/sec
3) 111.7 cm/sec
4) 1.117 m/sec

## 29- Surge wave is an example of _____.

Options:

30 - An object weighs 60 gm in air, 50 gm in water and 40 gm in oil. Then the specific gravity of the
oil will be _____.
Options:
1) 0.25
2) 1
3) 1.5
4) 2

## 31- The value of coefficient of velocity compared to coefficient of discharge _____.

Options:
1) is less
2) is more
3) has no relation
4) is the same

32- Property of a fluid by which molecules of different kinds of fluids are attracted to each other is
called _____.
Options:
2) cohesion
3) viscosity
4) compressibility

33- The depth of water below the spillway and after hydraulic jump are 1 m and 6 m respectively.
The head loss will be _____.
Options:
1) 1.04 m
2) 5 m
3) 1.7 m
4) 2.05 m

Options:
1) fluid
2) water
3) gas
4) ideal fluid

## 35- Head loss in turbulent flow in a pipe _____.

Options:
1) varies directly as velocity
2) varies inversely as square of velocity
3) varies approximately as square of velocity
4) depends upon orientation of pipe

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Options:
1) AV2 sin θ
2) ρAV2 sin θ
3) ρAV2 cos θ
4) AV2 tan θ

37 - A weir system in
which the
downstream water level of the weir nappe is higher than the crest is called _____.

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Options:
1) submerged
2) overflowing
4) cipoletti

38 - For starting an axial flow pump, its delivery valve should be _____.
Options:
1) closed
2) open
3) depends on starting condition and flow desired
4) could be either open or closed

## 39- Equation of continuity results from the principal of conservation of _____.

Options:
1) energy
2) flow
3) mass
4) momentum

40 - When a piping system is made up primarily of friction head and very little of vertical lift, then
pipe characteristics should be _____.
Options:
1) horizontal
2) nearly horizontal
3) very steep
4) first rise and then fall

41 - The hydraulic mean depth for a circular pipe of diameter 'd' running full is equal to _____.
Options:
1) d
2) d/3
3) d/2
4) d/4

42- In a centrifugal pump, the liquid enters the pump from _____.

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Options:
1) the top
2) the bottom
3) the centre
4) from sides

## 43Head loss in a flowing fluid is experienced due to _____.

A. friction at surface
B. change of direction
C. change of section of passage
D. obstruction in passage
Options:
1) only A
2) only B
3) only B and C
4) A, B, C and D

## 44- High specific speed of turbine implies that it is _____.

Options:
1) propeller turbine
2) Francis turbine
3) Impulse turbine
4) Francis turbine or impulse turbine

## 45 - One dimensional flow is _____.

Options:
1) restricted to flow in a straight line
2) uniform flow
3) one which neglects changes in a transverse direction
4) the most general flow

## 46- Specific speed of a turbine depends upon _____.

Options:
1) speed, power and discharge
2) discharge and power

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## 47 - If a mouthpiece is running full at the outlet, the vacuum at vena-contracta _____.

Options:
1) increases velocity of jet.
2) decreases velocity of jet
3) decreases the discharge
4) decreases the value of coefficient of contraction
48 - When a fluid flows in concentric circles, it is known as _____.
Options:
1) free circular motion
2) free rotational motion
3) free spiral vortex flow
4) free cylindrical vortex flow

## 49 - Maximum impulse will be developed in hydraulic ram when _____.

Options:
1) when valve closes suddenly
2) supply pipe is long
3) supply pipe is short
4) ram chamber is large

## 50- Critical-depth meter is used to measure _____.

Options:
1) discharge in an open channel
2) hydraulic jump
3) depth of flow in channel
4) depth of channel

## 52- Medium specific speed of a pump implies that it is _____.

Options:
1) centrifugal pump
2) mixed flow pump
3) axial flow pump
4) axial flow pump or centrifugal pump

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## 53- The hydraulic grade line is _____.

Options:
1) always moving up
2) always moving down
3) always above the energy grade line

54- The ratio of depth of bucket for a Pelton wheel to the diameter of jet is of the order of _____.
Options:
1) 1
2) 1.2
3) 1.5
4) 1.8

55- The contraction of area for flow through orifice in tank depends on _____.
A. shape of orifice
B. size of orifice
Options:
1) only A
2) only A and B
3) only A and C
4) A, B and C

## 56 - The flow at critical depth in an open channel is _____.

Options:
1) maximum
2) minimum
3) zero
4) half of normal flow

57- In Kaplan turbine runner, the number of blades is generally of the order _____.
Options:
1) 2 – 4
2) 4 – 8
3) 8 – 16
4) 16 – 24

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## 59- Air vessels in reciprocating pump are used to _____.

Options:
1) smoothen flow
2) reduce acceleration to minimum
3) increase pump efficiency
4) save pump from cavitation

## 60- A hydraulic intensifier normally consists of _____.

Options:
1) two cylinders, two rams and a storage device
2) a cylinder and a ram
3) two co-axial rams and two cylinders
4) a cylinder, a piston, storage tank and control valve

## 61- Cavitation is caused by _____.

Options:
1) high velocity
2) high pressure
3) weak material
4) low pressure

62- Which of the following pumps is used for pumping viscous fluids?
Options:
1) centrifugal pump
2) screw pump
3) reciprocating pump
4) jet pump

63-A right-circular cylinder open at top is filled with water and rotated about its vertical axis at
such speed that half the water spills out. What is the value of pressure at centre of the bottom?
Options:
1) One half its value when cylinder was full
2) One fourth its value when cylinder was full
3) Zero
4) Insufficient data

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64- At a point on a streamline, the velocity is 3 m/sec and the radius of curvature is 9 m. If the rate
of increase of velocity along the streamline at this point is 1/3 m/sec/m, then the total acceleration
at this point would be _____.
Options:
1) 1 m/sec2
2) 3 m/sec2
3) 1/3 m/sec2
4) √2 m/sec2

## 65- Which of the following statements is correct regarding an impulse turbine?

Options:
1) The steam is initially compressed in a nozzle from low pressure to high pressure.
2) The steam is initially expanded in a nozzle from low pressure to high pressure.
3) The steam is initially compressed in a nozzle from high pressure to low pressure.
4) The steam is initially expanded in a nozzle from high pressure to low pressure.

## 66 - A draft tube is used with _____.

Options:
1) impulse turbine
2) Pelton wheel turbine
3) reaction turbines
4) axial turbine pumps
67 - For Newtonian fluid behaviour, the shear stress exerted by the fluid is equal to the _____.
Options:
1) Fluid viscosity divided by the velocity gradient parallel to the direction of shear.
2) Fluid viscosity divided by the velocity gradient perpendicular to the direction of shear.
3) Product of the fluid viscosity and the velocity gradient parallel to the direction of shear.
4) Product of the fluid viscosity and the velocity gradient perpendicular to the direction of shear.

68- Which of the following are the advantages of impulse turbine over reaction turbines ?
A. Occupies less space per unit power.
B. Compounding is not necessary for speed reduction as the rotor speeds are usually low.
C. Suitable for high power generation.

Options:

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1) B and C only
2) A only
3) C only
4) A and C only

69- The compressors used in a gas turbine are typically of which type?
Options:
1) Centrifugal
2) Centripetal
3) Reciprocating
4) Axial

## 70- Which turbine is also called as the propeller turbine?

Options:
1) Kaplan turbine
2) Francis turbine
3) Pelton wheel
4) Thompson turbine

71- According to Bernoulli's principle in fluid dynamics, for inviscid flow, increase in speed of fluid
leads to which of the following?
Options:
1) Increase in pressure and/or increase in fluid's potential energy
2) Decrease in pressure and/or increase in fluid's potential energy
3) Increase in pressure and/or decrease in fluid's potential energy
4) Decrease in pressure and/or decrease in fluid's potential energy

72- The material commonly used for air craft gas turbine is _____.

Options:
1) stainless steel
2) high alloy steel
3) duralumin
4) titanium

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73- The difference of absolute pressure and local atmospheric pressure is known as _____.

Options:
1) Negative pressure
2) Positive pressure
3) Gauge pressure
4) Hydraulic pressure

## 74 - The sum of pressure head and elevation head is known as _____.

Options:

75- Specific gravity is defined as the ratio of density of fluid and density of water at which
temperature (in °C)?
Options:
1) 0
2) 100
3) 4
4) It is not dependent on temperature

## 76 - Falling drops of water become spheres due to the property of _____.

Options:
2) cohesion
3) surface tension
4) viscosity

77- Fluid flow in a straight circular pipe is typically laminar in nature when the Reynolds number is
_____.

Options:

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## 1) Less than 2300

2) Less than 4000
3) More than 2300
4) More than 4000

78 - The reduction in fluid pressure that results when a fluid flows through a constricted section of a
pipe is known as _____.

Options:
1) Orifice effect
2) Bernoulli's principle
3) Secondary flow
4) Venturi effect

79- For a compressible flow, Mach Number (M) is given by which of the following expression?
where v = velocity of fluid in compressible flow c = speed of sound in air

Options:
1) M = v/√c

2) M = c/v

3) M = v/c

4) M = v/c2

80- Which type of forces dominates a fluid flow with a very high Reynolds Number (Re ≈ 10000)?

Options:
1) Inertial
2) Viscous
3) Reaction
4) Divergent

Options:

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## 1) suction pressure should be low

2) delivery pressure should be low
3) suction pressure should be high
4) delivery pressure should be high

82-

Options:
2) Irrotational flow
3) Inviscid flow
4) Incomprehensible flow

83-

Options:
1) A-1, B-4, C-2, D-6; E-3

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## 4) A-5, B-3, C-6, D-1; E-2

84-

Options:
1) A-2, B-3, C-4, D-1
2) A-2, B-3, C-1, D-4
3) A-3, B-4, C-1, D-2
4) A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4

85- A fluid whose shear stress is linearly proportional to the velocity gradient in the direction
perpendicular to the plane of shear is called as _____.

Options:
1) Friction fluid
2) Stress fluid
3) Newtonian fluid
4) Cartesian fluid

86- Euler's equation for the motion of liquid assumes that _____.

Options:
1) Fluid is viscous

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## 2) Fluid is homogeneous and incompressible

3) Velocity of flow is non-uniform over the section
4) Flow is unsteady along with stream line

## 87- A flow whose stream line is represented by a curve, is called _____.

Options:
1) One-dimensional flow
2) Three dimensional flow
3) Two-dimensional flow
4) Four-dimensional flow

88- The frictional resistance of a pipe varies approximately with _________of the liquid.

Options:
1) pressure
2) square of velocity
3) velocity
4) cube of the velocity

## 89 - The cavitation in a hydraulic machine is mainly due to _____.

Options:
1) Low velocity
2) Low pressure
3) High velocity
4) High pressure

90- The stress, which is responsible for retaining water in a capillary tube above the free water
surface of the water body in which the capillary tube is inserted, is called the _____.

Options:
1) Capillary compression
2) Capillary tension
3) Capillary pore pressure
4) None of these

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## 91- A flow whose stream line is represented by a curve, is called _____.

Options:
1) One-dimensional flow
2) Three dimensional flow
3) Two-dimensional flow
4) Four-dimensional flow

92- A single speed centrifugal pump, feeding a small water supply distribution system of a block of
houses, works at _____.

Options:
1) Maximum efficiency
2) Minimum efficiency
3) Reduced efficiency
4) None of these

93. The flow of water in a pipe of diameter 3000 mm can be measured by _____.
Options:
1) Venturimeter
2) Rotameter
3) Pilot tube
4) Orifice plate

## 94. Buoyant force is _____.

Options:
1) Resultant of up-thrust and gravity forces acting on the body
2) Resultant force on the body due to the fluid surrounding it
3) Resultant of static weight of body and dynamic thrust of fluid
4) Equal to the volume of liquid displaced by the body

## 95.In equilibrium condition, fluids are not able to sustain _____.

Options:
1) Shear force
2) Resistance to viscosity

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3) Surface tension
4) Geometric similitude

## 96.A large Reynold number is indication of _____.

Options:
1) Smooth and streamline flow
2) Laminar flow
4) Highly turbulent flow

97.The fluid forces considered in the Navier Stokes equation are _____.
Options:
1) Gravity, pressure and viscous
2) Gravity, pressure and turbulent
3) Pressure, viscous and turbulent
4) Gravity, viscous and turbulent

## 98.Tranquil flow must always occur _____.

Options:
1) at normal depth
2) above normal depth
3) below normal depth
4) above critical depth
99.

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Options:
1) 275.9 KN
2) 58.9 KN
3) 217 KN
4) None of these
100 - The coefficient of discharge (Cd) of an orifice varies with _____.
Options:
1) Reynold number
2) Weber number
3) Froude number
4) Mach number
101 - Head loss in turbulent flow in a pipe _____.
Options:
1) Varies directly as velocity
2) Varies inversely as square of velocity
3) Varies approximately as square of velocity
4) Varies inversely as velocity
102 - A type of flow in which the fluid particles while moving in the direction of flow rotate about
their mass centre, is called _____.

Options:

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2) Uniform flow
3) Laminar flow
4) Rotational flow
103 - For a flow to be rotational, velocity normal to the plane of area should be equal to the _____.
Options:
1) Angular velocity vector
2) Half the angular velocity vector
3) Twice the angular velocity vector
4) Zero

104 - A fluid in which resistance to deformation is independent of the shear stress, is called _____.
Options:
1) Bingham plastic fluid
2) Pseudo plastic fluid
3) Dilatant fluid
4) Newtonian fluid

## 105 - The rate of change of linear momentum is equals to _____.

Options:
1) Active force
2) Reactive force
3) Torque
4) Work done

## 106 - The force buoyancy is dependent on _____.

Options:
1) Mass of liquid displaced
2) Viscosity of fluid
3) Surface tension of fluid
4) Depth of immersion

## 107 - The vapour pressure over the concave surface is _____.

Options:
1) Less than the vapour pressure over the plane surface
2) Equal to vapour pressure over the plane surface

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4) Zero

## 108- Bernoulli's equation cannot be applied when the flow is _____.

Options:
1) Rotational
2) Turbulent
4) All options are correct

109- When a body floating in a liquid is displaced slightly, it oscillates about _____.
Options:
1) Centre of gravity of body
2) Centre of pressure
3) Centre of buoyancy
4) Metacentre

## 110 - Heaviest fluid is _____.

Options:
1) Air
2) Castor oil
3) Glycerin
4) Carbon tetrachloride

## 111- A hydrometer is used to determine _____.

Options:
1) Relative humidity
2) Buoyant force
3) Specific gravity of liquids
4) Viscosity of liquids

112 - A model of torpedo is tested in a towing tank at a velocity of 25 m/sec. The prototype is
expected to attain a velocity of 5 m/sec. What model scale has been used?
Options:
1) 1 : 5
2) 1: 2.5

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3) 1: 25
4) None of these

113- For the water is flowing through a 20 cm diameter pipe with friction factor, f = 0.04. The flow
will be _____.
Options:
1) Viscous
2) Non viscous
3) Both viscous and non-viscous
4) None of these

114- Crude oil of kinematic viscosity 2.25 stokes flows through a 20 cm diameter pipe, The rate of
flow being 1.5 litres/sec. The flow will be _____.
Options:
1) Laminar
2) Turbulent
3) Uncertain
4) None of these

115- The maximum continuous power available from a hydroelectric plant under the most adverse
hydraulic conditions is known as _____.
Options:
1) base power
2) firm power
3) primary power
4) secondary power

## 116- A plot between power generated in MW and time is known as _____.

Options:
4) Demand curve

117- The ratio of 'Average generation in KWH per year' to 'the product of Installed capacity in KW
and hrs per year' is known as _____.

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A. Plant factor
B. Capacity factor
C. Use factor
Options:
1) only A
2) A or B
3) A or B or C
4) only C

118- Portion of the installed reserve kept in operable condition but not placed in service to supply
the peak load is known as _____.
Options:
1) Operating reserve
2) Spinning reserve
3) Cold reserve
4) Hot reserve

119- Capacity of hydroelectric plant in service in excess of the peak load is known as _____.
Options:
1) Operating reserve
2) Spinning reserve
3) Cold reserve
4) Hot reserve

## 120- An impulse turbine is used for _____.

Options:
4) High discharge

## 121- In a reaction turbine, the draft tube is used _____.

Options:
1) To run the turbine full
2) To prevent air to enter the turbine
3) To increase the effective head of water
4) To transport water to downstream

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## 122- In an inward flow reaction of turbine _____.

Options:
1) The water flows parallel to the axis of the wheel
2) The water enters the centre of wheel and there flows towards the outer periphery of the wheel
3) The water enters the wheel at the outer periphery, and then flows towards the centre of the
wheel
4) The flow of water is partly radial and partly axial

## 123- Dynamic viscosity of most of the gases with rise in temperature

Options:
1) increases
2) decreases
3) remains unaffected
4) unpredictable

## 124- The resultant of all normal pressures acts

Options:
1) at c.g. of body
2) at centre of pressure
3) vertically upwards
4) at metacentre

## 125- A body floats in stable equilibrium

Options:
1) when its metacentric height is zero
2) when the metacentre is above c.g.
3) when its c.g. is below its centre of buoyancy
4) metacentre has nothing to do with position of c.g. for determining stability

## 126 - Metacentre is the point of intersection of

Options:
1) vertical upward force through c.g. of body and center line of body
2) buoyant force and the center line of body

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4) All of these

## 127- The two important forces for a floating body are

Options:
1) buoyancy, gravity
2) buoyancy, pressure
3) buoyancy, inertial
4) inertial, gravity

## 128- The normal stress is same in all directions at a point in a fluid

Options:
1) only when the fluid is frictionless
2) only when the fluid is incompressible and has zero viscosity
3) when there is no motion of one fluid layer relative to an adjacent layer
4) irrespective of the motion of one fluid layer relative to an adjacent layer

## 129- An ideal flow of any fluid must satisfy

Options:
1) Pascal law
2) Newton's law of viscosity
3) boundary layer theory
4) continuity equation

130- The flow in which the velocity vector is identical in magnitude and direction at every point, for
any given instant, is known as
Options:
1) one dimensional flow
2) uniform flow
4) turbulent flow
131- Two dimensional flow occurs when
Options:
1) the direction and magnitude of the velocity at all points are identical
2) the velocity of successive fluid particles, at any point, is the same at successive periods of time
3) the magnitude and direction of the velocity do not change from point to point in the fluid

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4) the fluid particles move in plane or parallel planes and the streamline patterns are identical in
each plane

132- The upper surface of a weir over which water flows is known as
Options:
1) crest
2) nappe
3) sill
4) weir top

133- The fluid forces considered in the Navier strokes equation are
Options:
1) gravity, pressure and viscous
2) gravity, pressure and turbulent
3) pressure, viscous and turbulent
4) gravity, viscous and turbulent

## 134- Bernoulli equation deals with the law of conservation of

Options:
1) mass
2) momentum
3) energy
4) work

135- Specific weight of sea water is more than that of pure water because it contains ______.
Options:
1) dissolved air
2) dissolved salt
3) suspended matter
4) All options are correct

## 136- Darcy-Weisabach equation for loss of head in pipe is: -

Where f = friction factor, L = length, V = velocity
m = A/P = area/wetted perimeter
Options:
1) f (L/4m).(V2/2g)
2) f (L/m)(V2/2g)

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3) f (4L/m)(V2/2g)
4) f (4m/L)(V2/2g)

## 137- A mouthpiece can't be used under very large head because of

Options:
1) creation of vortex at vena contracta
2) cavitation problem at vena contracta
3) large variation of discharge
4) erratic flow

138 - For very high discharge at low pressure such as for flood control and irrigation applications,
which of the following types of pump is preferred?
Options:
1) Centrifugal
2) Axial Flow
3) Reciprocating
4) Mixed Flow

## 139- Time required to empty uniform rectangular tank is proportional to its

Options:
1) height H
2) √H
3) H2
4) H3/2

140- The hydraulic radius in the case of an open channel with great width is equal to
Options:
1) depth of channel
2) 1/2 x depth of channel
3) 1/3 x depth of channel
4) 1/4 x depth of channel

## 141- Runaway speed of a hydraulic turbine is

Options:
2) the speed at which turbine runner will be damaged
3) the speed if the turbine runner is allowed to revolve freely without load and with the wicket

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## gates wide open

4) the speed corresponding to maximum overload permissible

142- The cipoletti weir functions as if it were a following notch without end contractions
Options:
1) triangular notch
2) trapezoidal notch
3) rectangular notch
4) parallelogram notch

## 143- The velocity distribution in the turbulent boundary layer follows

Options:
1) straight line law
2) parabolic law
3) hyperbolic law
4) logarithmic law or Power law

144 - When a liquid rotates at constant angular velocity about a vertical axis as a right body, the
pressure
Options:
1) varies as the square of the radial distance
2) decreases as the square of the radial distance
3) increases linearly as the radial distance
4) varies inversely as the elevation along any vertical line

## 145- The magnitude of water hammer depends on

Options:
1) length of pipe
2) elastic properties of pipe material
3) rate of stoppage of flow
4) All options are correct

146- Power transmitted through a pipe is maximum when the loss of head due to friction is
Options:
1) one-half of the total head supplied
2) one-third of the total head supplied

34

## 3) one-fourth of the total head supplied

4) equal to the total head supplied

147- To replace a pipe of diameter D by n parallel pipes of diameter d, the formula used is
Options:
1) d= D/n
2) d= D/n1/2
3) d= D/n3/2
4) d= D/n2/5

## 148- The total frictional resistance to fluid flow is independent of

Options:
1) density of fluid
2) velocity
3) pressure
4) surface roughness

## 149- Which of the following represents unsteady non-uniform flow

Options:
1) flow through an expanding tube at an increasing rate
2) flow through an expanding tube at constant rate
3) flow through a long pipe at decreasing rate
4) flow through a long pipe at constant rate

## 150 - Discharge through a totally submerged orifice is directly proportional to

Options:
1) the difference in elevation of water surface
2) the square root of the difference in elevation of water surface
3) the square root of the area of the opening
4) reciprocal of the area of the opening

## 151- In turbulent flow

Options:
1) the shear stresses are generally larger than in a similar laminar flow
2) fluid particles move in an orderly manner
3) momentum transfer is on a molecular scale only
4) cohesion is more effective than momentum transfer in causing shear stress

35

## 152- The shear stress in a fluid flowing in a round pipe

Options:
1) is constant over the cross-section
2) is zero at the wall and increases linearly to the center
3) is zero at the center and varies linearly with radius
4) varies parabolically across the section

153

Options:
1) Curve A
2) Curve B
3) Curve C
4) All options are correct

## 154-The property of a fluid which enables it to resist tensile stress is known as

Options:
1) compressibility
2) surface tension
3) cohesion

155.When the flow parameters at any given instant remain same at every point, then flow is said to
be
Options:
1) quasi static
3) laminar
4) uniform

156.An object having 10 kg mass weighs 9.81 kg on a spring balance. The value of ‘g’ at this place is
_____.

36

Options:
1) 10 m/sec2
2) 9.81 m/sec2
3) 10.2 m/sec2
4) 9.75 m/sec2

157-

Options:
1) A
2) B
3) C
4) D

158. The velocity distribution for flow between two fixed parallel plates______.
Options:
1) is constant over the crosssection
2) is zero at the plates and increases linearly to the midplane
3) varies parabolically across the section
4) is zero in middle and increases linearly towards the plates

## 159.Choose the correct relationship

Options:
1) specific gravity = gravity x density
2) dynamic viscosity = kinematic viscosity x density
3) gravity = specific gravity x density
4) kinematic viscosity = dynamic viscosity x density

## 160. Select the wrong statement

Options:

37

1) Viscosity of a fluid is that property which determines the amount if its resistance to a shearing
force
2) Viscosity is due primarily to interaction between fluid molecules
3) Viscosity of liquids decreases with increase in temperature
4) Viscosity of liquids is appreciably affected by change in pressure

## 161. A one dimensional flow is one which _____.

Options:
1) is uniform flow
3) takes place in straight lines
4) involves zero transverse component of flow

162. If cohesion between molecules of a fluid is greater than adhesion between fluid and glass, then
the free level of fluid in a dipped glass tube will be

Options:
1) higher than the surface of liquid
2) the same as the surface of liquid
3) lower than the surface of liquid
4) unpredictable

## 163 Reynolds number is significant in _____.

Options:
1) supersonics, as with projectiles and jet propulsion
2) full immersion or completely enclosed flow, as with pipes, aircraft wings, nozzles etc..
3) simultaneous motion through two fluids where there is a surface of discontinuity, gravity force,
and wave making effects, as with ship's hulls.
4) All options are correct

## 164.For pipes, turbulent flow occurs when Reynolds number is _____.

Options:
1) less than 2000
2) between 2000 and 4000
3) more than 4000
4) less than 1000

165. Two forces act at an angle of 120°. If the greater force is 50 N and their resultant is
perpendicular to the smaller force, the smaller force is ____ N
Options:
1) 20
2) 25
3) 30
4) 35

## 166. In laminar flow through a round tube, the discharge varies_______.

Options:
1) linearly as the viscosity

38

## 2) inversely as the pressure drop

3) as the cube of the diameter
4) inversely as the viscosity

Options:
1) 1
2) 0.5
3) 0
4) 0.97

## 168. Bernoulli's theorem deals with the conservation of

Options:
1) mass
2) force
3) momentum
4) energy

169. The motion of a fluid is vortex if each particle of the fluid moves in a circular path with the
speed which _____.
Options:
1) is constant
2) is directly proportional to distance from center
3) varies as square of distance from center
4) varies inversely as the distance from center

## 170.Which of the following represents steady nonuniform

flow?
Options:
1) flow through an expanding tube at an increasing rate
2) flow through an expanding tube at constant rate
3) flow through a long pipe at decreasing rate
4) flow through a long pipe at a constant rate

171.If the particles of a fluid attain such velocities that velocities vary from point to point in
magnitude and direction, as well as from instant to instant, the flow is said to be _____.
Options:
1) disturbed flow
2) turbulent flow
3) turbid flow
4) non uniform flow

172. The discharge of broad crested weir is maximum if the head of water on the downstream side
of weir as compared to the head on the upstream side
of the weir is _____.
Options:
1) one half
2) one third

39

3) two third
4) three fourth

## 173. Any fluid flow follows _____.

Options:
1) Bernoulli's equation
2) Newton's law of viscosity
3) Darcy's equation
4) continuity equation

174 A fluid flow taking place continuously round a curved path about a fixed axis of rotation, is
known as _____.
Options:
1) rotational flow
3) circular flow
4) vortex flow

175. Vertical distribution of velocity in an open channel for laminar flow can be assumed as _____.
Options:
1) logarithmic
2) parabolic
3) straight line (constant)
4) hyperbolic

176. Drag is defined as the force component exerted on an immersed object, the component acting
in direction is______.
Options:
1) normal to flow direction
2) parallel to flow direction
3) at resultant angle

177. According to Darcy's formula, loss of head due to friction in the pipe is
Where f= Darcy's coefficient
l = length of pipe
v = velocity of liquid flow
d = diameter of pipe
Options:
1) 4flv2/2gd
2) flv2/gd
3) 2flv2/gd
4) 4flv/gd

## 178. Hydraulic gradient is equal to

Options:
1) (difference in water surface)/(total length of channel)
2) (head loss due to friction)/(total length of channel)

40

## 3) (wetted perimeter)/(total length of channel)

4) (area od crosssection)/(total length of channel)

## 179. A liquid jet from a nozzle exposed to atmosphere traverses along_____.

Options:
1) a straight line
2) a circular path
3) an elliptical path
4) parabolic path

## 180. Which of the following represents unsteady uniform flow _____.

Options:
1) flow through an expanding tube at an increasing rate
2) flow through an expanding tube at constant rate
3) flow through a long pipe at decreasing rate
4) flow through a long pipe at constant rate

## 181. Turbulent mflow generally occurs for cases involving _____.

Options:
1) very slow motions
2) very viscous fluids
3) very narrow passages
4) None of the these

## 182. Bernoulli's theorem is applicable for

Options:
1) streamline flow
3) turbulent flow
4) perfect incompressible fluid flowing in continuous streams__

## 183 - Which of the following is not a dimensionless parameter?

Options:
1) Reynolds number
2) friction factor
3) pressure coefficient
4) kinematic viscosity

184 - The specific speed of a pump is defined as the speed of a unit of such a size that
Options:
1) it delivers unit discharge at unit head.
2) it delivers unit discharge at unit power.
3) it requires unit power per unit head.
4) it produces unit horse power with unit head.

185- The total energy of each particle at various places in the case of perfect incompressible fluid
flowing in continuous stream

41

Options:
1) keeps on increasing.
2) keeps on decreasing.
3) remains constant.
4) may increase or decrease.

## 186 - Pressure intensifier increases the pressure in proportion to _____.

Options:
1) ratio of diameters
2) square of ratio of diameters
3) inverse ratio of diameters
4) square of inverse ratio of diameters

187- Normal depth in open channel flow is the depth of flow corresponding to
Options:
3) laminar flow
4) uniform flow

Options:
1) gear
2) vane
3) screw
4) axial

## 189- Venturimeter is used to measure flow of fluids in pipes when pipe is

Options:
1) horizontal
2) vertical, flow downwards
3) vertical, flow upwards
4) in any position

## 190 - Hydraulic accumulator is used for _____.

Options:
1) accumulating oil
2) supplying large quantities of oil for very short duration
3) generally high pressures to operate hydraulic machines
4) supplying energy when main supply fails

## 191 - Differential monometer is used to measure ______.

Options:
1) pressure in pipes, channels etc.
2) atmospheric pressure
3) very low pressure
4) difference of pressure between two points

42

192 - The total pressure force on a plane area is equal to the area multiplied by the intensity of
pressure at the centroid, if
A. the area is horizontal
B. the area is vertical
C. the area is inclined
Options:
1) only A
2) only B
3) only C
4) A, B and C

193 - A piece weighing 3 kg in air was found to weigh 2.5 kg when submerged in water. Its specific
gravity is
Options:
1) 1
2) 5
3) 7
4) 6

## 194 - The dimensions of coefficient of viscosity are

Options:
1) M1L-1T-1
2) M-1L1T-1
3) M-1L1T1
4) M1L-1T1

195 - A liquid compressed in cylinder has a volume of 0.04 m3 at 50 N/cm2 and a volume of 0.039
m3 at 150 N/cm2. The bulk modulus of elasticity of liquid is

Options:
1) 400 N/cm2
2) 4000 N/cm2
3) 40000 N/cm2
4) 40 N/cm2

## 196 - Surface tension _____.

Options:
1) acts in the plane of the interface normal to any line in the surface
2) is also known as capillarity
3) is a function of the curvature of the interface
4) decreases with fall in temperature

## 197 - In a static fluid ______.

Options:
1) resistance to shear stress is small
2) fluid pressure is small
3) linear deformation is small

43

## 4) only normal stresses can exist

198 - When a piping system is made up primarily of vertical lift and very little pipe friction, the
pump characteristics should be _____.
Options:
1) horizontal
2) nearly horizontal
3) steep
4) first rise and then fall

199 - A block of ice floating over water in a vessel slowly melts in it. The water level in the vessel
will
Options:
1) start rising
2) start falling
3) will remain constant
4) will depend on temperature of water

## 200 - Low specific speed of a pump implies that it is

Options:
1) centrifugal pump
2) mixed flow pump
3) axial flow pump
4) axial flow pump or mixed flow pump

201 - For pumping viscous oil, which of the following pumps will be used?
Options:
1) Centrifugal pump
2) Reciprocating pump
3) Turbine pump
4) Screw pump

Options:
4) high flow

## 203 - An ideal fluid is

Options:
1) similar to perfect gas
2) one which obeys Newton's law of viscosity
3) frictionless and incompressible
4) very viscous

204 - The ratio of power produced by the turbine to the energy actually supplied to the turbine is
called _____.

44

Options:
1) Mechanical efficiency
2) Hydraulic efficiency
3) Overall efficiency
4) Turbine efficiency

## 205 - Laminar flow occurs in pipes, when Reynolds number _______.

Options:
1) lies between 2000 – 3000
2) lies between 3000 – 4000
3) is more than 2000
4) is less than 2000

## 206- Reaction turbines are used for _____.

Options:
3) High head and low discharge
4) Low head and high discharge

## 207 - Specific speed of hydraulic turbine is dependent upon _______.

Options:
1) speed, power developed and flow
2) speed, power developed and effective head
4) speed, mean diameter and head

## 208 - The cavitation in reaction type hydraulic turbines is avoided by

B. Using stainless steel runner
C. Running the turbine at designed speed
D. Installing the turbine below the tail race level
Options:
1) only A
2) A and B only
3) B and C only
4) A, B, C and D

## 209 - A Hydraulic accumulator normally consists of _____.

Options:
1) two cylinders, two rams and a storage device
2) a cylinder and a ram
3) two co-axial rams and two cylinders
4) a cylinder, a piston, storage tank and control valve

## 210 - Surface tension of water ______.

Options:
1) increases with decrease in temperature

45

## 2) decreases with decrease in temperature

3) independent of temperature
4) None of these

211 - The point in the immersed body through which the resultant pressure of the liquid may be
taken to act is known as
Options:
1) centre of gravity
2) centre of buoyancy
3) centre of pressure
4) metacenter

212-Fluid flow in a straight circular pipe is typically turbulent in nature when the Reynolds number
(Re) is _____.
Options:
1) 2000 < Re < 4000
2) Re < 2000
3) Re > 4000
4) None of these

## 213 - Which of the following are typical characteristics of a Pelton wheel?

Options:
1) It works under a low head and requires large quantity of water.
2) It works under a low head and requires small quantity of water.
3) It works under a high head and requires large quantity of water.
4) It works under a high head and requires small quantity of water.

214 - In a centrifugal pump, the flow enters the chamber along the axis of the chamber and is
discharged:
Options:
2) axially
3) at a certain angle
4) None of these

215- Which of the following is a medium head turbine in which water flows inwards radially?
Options:
1) Pelton wheel
2) Francis turbine
3) Kaplan turbine
4) None of these

216 - The pressure at a point in a fluid will not be same in all the directions when the fluid is
Options:
1) moving

46

2) viscous
3) viscous and static
4) viscous and moving

217 - Two small orifices A and B of diameters 1 cm and 2 cm, respectively, are placed on the sides of
a tank at depths of h1 and h2 below the open liquid
surface. If the discharges through A and B are equal, then the ratio of h1 and h2 (assuming Cd
values) will be _____.
Options:
1) 16:1
2) 8:1
3) 4 :1
4) 2:1

## 218 - Which of the following is/are the assumption(s) of Bernoulli's equation?

A. There is loss of liquid while flowing.
B. There is no external force except the gravity acts on the liquid.
C. The velocity of energy of liquid particle, across any cross-section of pipe is uniform.
Options:
1) Only A
2) Only B
3) Only C
4) Both B and C

219- For a submerged curved surface, the component of force due to static liquid is equal to _____.
Options:
1) Weight of the liquid supported by curved surface
2) Force on a projection of the curved surface on a vertical plane
3) Area of curved surface x pressure at the centroid of the submerged area
4) None of these

220 - If the Froude number in open channel flow is less than 1, then the flow is called _____.
Options:
1) critical flow
2) super-critical flow
3) sub-critical flow
4) None of these

## 221 - Unit power is the power developed by a turbine when _____.

Options:
1) Head on turbine is unity and discharge is also unity
2) Head = one metre and speed is unity
3) Head on turbine is unit
4) None of these

## 222 - The viscosity of a gas _____.

Options:
1) decreases with increase in temperature

47

## 2) increases with increase in temperature

3) is independent of temperature
4) is independent of pressure for very high pressure intensities

## 223- Newton's law of viscosity relates _____.

Options:
1) intensity of pressure and rate of angular deformation
2) shear stress and rate of angular deformation
3) shear stress, viscosity and temperature
4) viscosity and rate of angular deformation

224 - Which of the following equations are used for the derivation of the differential equation for
water surface profile in open channel flow?
A. Continuity equation
B. Energy equation
C. Momentum equation
Options:
1) Only A
2) Only B
3) Only C
4) Both A and B

## 225 - A floating body is said to be in a state of stable equilibrium ____.

Options:
1) when its metacentric height is zero
2) when the metacentre is above the centre of gravity
3) when the metacentre is below the centre of gravity
4) only when its centre of gravity is below its centre of buoyancy

## 226 - The eddy viscosity for turbulent flow is _____.

Options:
1) a function of temperature only
2) a physical property of the fluid
3) dependent of the flow
4) independent of the flow

227 - In a steady flow of a fluid, the total acceleration of any fluid particle _____.
Options:
1) can be zero
2) is never zero
3) is always zero
4) is independent of co-ordinates

## 228 - Shear velocity is _____.

Options:
1) a non-dimensional quantity
2) a fictitious quantity
3) velocity of fluid at the edge of laminar sub-layer

48

4) None of these

## 229 - A streamlined body is defined as a body about which _____.

Options:
1) the flow is laminar
2) the flow is along the stream lines
3) the flow separation is suppressed
4) the drag is zero

Options:

## 231 - The causes of cavitation are _____.

Options:
1) high suction lift and low pump speed
2) low suction lift and high pump speed
3) high suction lift and high pump speed
4) low suction lift and low pump speed

## 232 - Turbulent flow generally occurs _____.

Options:
1) at very low velocities
2) in flows of highly viscous fluids
3) in flows through very narrow passages
4) in flows at high velocities through large passages

## 233 - Force of buoyance on a floating body equals _____.

Options:
1) total pressure on the vertical projection of the body
2) total pressure on the horizontal projection of the body
3) weight of the liquid equal to the volume of the body
4) weight of the liquid equal to the immersed volume of the body

234 - Which of following related fluid flow parameters exist both in rotational and irrotational
flows?
Options:
1) Vorticity
2) Stream function
3) Velocity potential
4) Both Vorticity and Stream function

Options:

49

## 2) High head of water

4) High discharge

## 236 - In an inward flow reaction of turbine _____.

Options:
1) The water flows parallel to the axis of the wheel
2) The water enters the centre of wheel and there flows towards the outer periphery of the wheel
3) The water enters the wheel at the outer periphery, and then flows towards the centre of the
wheel
4) The flow of water is partly radial and partly axial

237 - It is known that 'H' is the head of water under which the turbine is working. The power
developed by a turbine is _____.
Options:
1) Directly proportional to H1/2
2) Inversely proportional to H1/2
3) Directly proportional to H3/2
4) Inversely proportional to H3/2

## 238 - The cavitation in a hydraulic machine _____.

Options:
1) Causes noise and vibration of various parts
2) Makes the surface rough
3) Reduces the discharge of the turbine
4) Causes sudden drop in power output and efficiency

Options:
1) at the centre
2) at the top
3) at the bottom
4) at the edges

## 240 - Hydraulic press is a device used _____.

Options:
1) To store pressure energy, which may be applied to any machine later on
2) To increase the intensity of pressure of water by measure of energy available from a large
quantity of water at a low pressure
3) To lift larger load by the application of a comparatively much smaller force
4) None of these

## 241 - The purpose of surge tank is _____.

Options:
1) To control the pressure variations due to rapid changes in pipe line flow
2) To eliminate water hammer possibilities
3) To regulate flow of water to turbines by providing necessary retarding head of water
4) All optons are correct.

50

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