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fluid mechanics question bank

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1) Absolute value of viscosity is determined

2) Part of the head of fluid is utilised in overcoming friction

3) Fluid discharges through orifice with negligible velocity

4) Comparison of viscosity is done

1) Velocity of fluid in pipes

2) Velocity of gauges

3) Votex flow

4) Flow of fluids

1) Pressure does not change along the flow

2) Velocity does not change

3) Conditions change gradually with time

4) Conditions do not change with time at any point

4 - If the particles of a fluid attain such velocities that vary from point to point in magnitude and

direction as well as from instant, the flow is _______.

1) Uniform flow

2) Steady flow

3) Turbulent flow

4) Laminar flow

1) Steady

2) Unsteady

3) Laminar

4) Vortex

1) Vertical line

2) Horizontal line

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4) In any direction and in any location

1) Parallel to central axis flow

2) Parallel to outer surface to pipe

3) Of equal velocity in a flow

4) Along with the pressure drop is uniform

1) Smoothen the flow of water

2) Compensate friction losses in pipe

3) Prevent occurrence of hydraulic jump

4) Relieve pressure due to water hammer

9 - The resultant upward pressure of a fluid on a floating body is equal to the weight of fluid

displaced by the body. This definition is according to _______.

1) Buoyancy

2) Equilibrium of a floating body

3) Archimedes' principle

4) Bernoulli's theorem

10 - A balloon lifting in air follows the ______.

1) Law of gravitation

2) Archimedes principle

3) Principle of buoyancy

4) All options are correct

11- Hydraulic grade line as compared to the centre line of conduct ______.

1) Should be always above

2) Should be always below

3) Should always be parallel

4) May be above or below

12- A Piezometer cannot be used for pressure measurement in pipes when _______.

1) Pressure difference is low

2) Velocity is high

3) Fluid in the pipe is a gas

4) Fluid is highly viscous

Options:

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1) Pressure of gases

2) Velocity of gases

3) Viscosity of gases

4) Viscosity of liquids

Options:

1) Flow past a sphere

2) Flow past a cylinder

3) Flow past an airfoil

4) Flow past a thin sheet

15- If one of the wall moves in the direction of flow with uniform velocity while the other wall is

stationary, then the resulting flow between parallel walls is called ______.

Options:

1) Plug flow

2) Stoke's flow

3) Couette flow

4) Euler's flow

Options:

1) Pressure is zero

2) velocity of fluid is zero

3) Pressure head is equal to velocity

4) All the velocity head is converted into pressure head

Options:

1) Travel of a bullet through air

2) Water jet issuing from a fire air

3) Formation of soap bubbles

4) Flow of castor oil through a tube

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18- If pressure at any point in the liquid approaches the vapor pressure, liquid starts vaporising and

creates pockets or bubbles of dissolved gases and vapours. This phenomenon is ______.

Options:

1) Surface tension

2) Adhesion

3) Vaporisation

4) Cavitation

Options:

1) Gravity, pressure and viscous

2) Gravity, pressure and turbulent

3) Pressure, viscous and turbulent

4) Gravity, viscous and turbulent

20 - Hydraulic grade line for any flow system as compared to energy line is ______.

Options:

1) Above

2) Below

3) At same level

4) Uncertain

21-To avoid vaporisation in the pipe line, the pipe line over the ridge is laid such that it is not more

than _____.

Options:

1) 2.4 m above the hydraulic gradient

2) 6.4m above the hydraulic gradient

3) 10.0 m above the hydraulic gradient

4) 5.0 m above the hydraulic gradient

22- The locus of elevations that water will rise in a series of pitot tube is called ______.

Options:

1) Hydraulic grade line

2) Pressure head

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4) Head loss

23 - Pressure in Pascals at a depth of 1 m below the free surface of a body of water will be equal to

_______.

Options:

1) 1 Pa

2) 98.1 Pa

3) 981 Pa

4) 9810 Pa

24- If a pump is handling water and is discharging a certain flow Q at a constant total dynamic head

requiring a definite B.H.P., the same pump when handling a liquid of specific gravity 0.75 and

viscosity nearly same as of water would discharge

Options:

1) same quantity of liquid

2) 0.75Q

3) Q/0.75

4) 1.5Q

25- A 20 cm diameter pipe 5000 metres long conveys 0.05 cumec of water which is to be pumped

through a height of 6 metres. What is the horse power required by the pump, if its efficiency is 75 %

?(take 4f = 0.006)

Options:

1) 74.2 HP

2) 74 HP

3) 75 HP

4) 50 HP

26.

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Options:

1) 16.28 cm

2) 17.28 cm

3) 19.28 cm

4) 25.28 cm

Options:

1) Umax

2) 0.5 Umax

3) 0.25 Umax

4) 2 Umax

28 - Water at 20° C flowing through a 20 cm diameter pipe. Take kinematic viscosity of water at

20°C is equal to 0.0101 stoke. Assume that the changes from laminar to turbulent at Re = 2320. The

critical velocity will be _____.

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Options:

1) 1.117 cm/sec

2) 11.17 cm/sec

3) 111.7 cm/sec

4) 1.117 m/sec

Options:

1) Steady uniform flow

2) Steady non-uniform flow

3) Unsteady uniform flow

4) Unsteady non-uniform flow

30 - An object weighs 60 gm in air, 50 gm in water and 40 gm in oil. Then the specific gravity of the

oil will be _____.

Options:

1) 0.25

2) 1

3) 1.5

4) 2

Options:

1) is less

2) is more

3) has no relation

4) is the same

32- Property of a fluid by which molecules of different kinds of fluids are attracted to each other is

called _____.

Options:

1) adhesion

2) cohesion

3) viscosity

4) compressibility

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33- The depth of water below the spillway and after hydraulic jump are 1 m and 6 m respectively.

The head loss will be _____.

Options:

1) 1.04 m

2) 5 m

3) 1.7 m

4) 2.05 m

Options:

1) fluid

2) water

3) gas

4) ideal fluid

Options:

1) varies directly as velocity

2) varies inversely as square of velocity

3) varies approximately as square of velocity

4) depends upon orientation of pipe

36

Options:

1) AV2 sin θ

2) ρAV2 sin θ

3) ρAV2 cos θ

4) AV2 tan θ

37 - A weir system in

which the

downstream water level of the weir nappe is higher than the crest is called _____.

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Options:

1) submerged

2) overflowing

3) broad-crested

4) cipoletti

38 - For starting an axial flow pump, its delivery valve should be _____.

Options:

1) closed

2) open

3) depends on starting condition and flow desired

4) could be either open or closed

Options:

1) energy

2) flow

3) mass

4) momentum

40 - When a piping system is made up primarily of friction head and very little of vertical lift, then

pipe characteristics should be _____.

Options:

1) horizontal

2) nearly horizontal

3) very steep

4) first rise and then fall

41 - The hydraulic mean depth for a circular pipe of diameter 'd' running full is equal to _____.

Options:

1) d

2) d/3

3) d/2

4) d/4

42- In a centrifugal pump, the liquid enters the pump from _____.

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Options:

1) the top

2) the bottom

3) the centre

4) from sides

A. friction at surface

B. change of direction

C. change of section of passage

D. obstruction in passage

Options:

1) only A

2) only B

3) only B and C

4) A, B, C and D

Options:

1) propeller turbine

2) Francis turbine

3) Impulse turbine

4) Francis turbine or impulse turbine

Options:

1) restricted to flow in a straight line

2) uniform flow

3) one which neglects changes in a transverse direction

4) the most general flow

Options:

1) speed, power and discharge

2) discharge and power

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4) speed, power and head

Options:

1) increases velocity of jet.

2) decreases velocity of jet

3) decreases the discharge

4) decreases the value of coefficient of contraction

48 - When a fluid flows in concentric circles, it is known as _____.

Options:

1) free circular motion

2) free rotational motion

3) free spiral vortex flow

4) free cylindrical vortex flow

Options:

1) when valve closes suddenly

2) supply pipe is long

3) supply pipe is short

4) ram chamber is large

Options:

1) discharge in an open channel

2) hydraulic jump

3) depth of flow in channel

4) depth of channel

Options:

1) centrifugal pump

2) mixed flow pump

3) axial flow pump

4) axial flow pump or centrifugal pump

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13

Options:

1) always moving up

2) always moving down

3) always above the energy grade line

4) the velocity head below the energy grade line

54- The ratio of depth of bucket for a Pelton wheel to the diameter of jet is of the order of _____.

Options:

1) 1

2) 1.2

3) 1.5

4) 1.8

55- The contraction of area for flow through orifice in tank depends on _____.

A. shape of orifice

B. size of orifice

C. head in tank

Options:

1) only A

2) only A and B

3) only A and C

4) A, B and C

Options:

1) maximum

2) minimum

3) zero

4) half of normal flow

57- In Kaplan turbine runner, the number of blades is generally of the order _____.

Options:

1) 2 – 4

2) 4 – 8

3) 8 – 16

4) 16 – 24

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Options:

1) smoothen flow

2) reduce acceleration to minimum

3) increase pump efficiency

4) save pump from cavitation

Options:

1) two cylinders, two rams and a storage device

2) a cylinder and a ram

3) two co-axial rams and two cylinders

4) a cylinder, a piston, storage tank and control valve

Options:

1) high velocity

2) high pressure

3) weak material

4) low pressure

62- Which of the following pumps is used for pumping viscous fluids?

Options:

1) centrifugal pump

2) screw pump

3) reciprocating pump

4) jet pump

63-A right-circular cylinder open at top is filled with water and rotated about its vertical axis at

such speed that half the water spills out. What is the value of pressure at centre of the bottom?

Options:

1) One half its value when cylinder was full

2) One fourth its value when cylinder was full

3) Zero

4) Insufficient data

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15

64- At a point on a streamline, the velocity is 3 m/sec and the radius of curvature is 9 m. If the rate

of increase of velocity along the streamline at this point is 1/3 m/sec/m, then the total acceleration

at this point would be _____.

Options:

1) 1 m/sec2

2) 3 m/sec2

3) 1/3 m/sec2

4) √2 m/sec2

Options:

1) The steam is initially compressed in a nozzle from low pressure to high pressure.

2) The steam is initially expanded in a nozzle from low pressure to high pressure.

3) The steam is initially compressed in a nozzle from high pressure to low pressure.

4) The steam is initially expanded in a nozzle from high pressure to low pressure.

Options:

1) impulse turbine

2) Pelton wheel turbine

3) reaction turbines

4) axial turbine pumps

67 - For Newtonian fluid behaviour, the shear stress exerted by the fluid is equal to the _____.

Options:

1) Fluid viscosity divided by the velocity gradient parallel to the direction of shear.

2) Fluid viscosity divided by the velocity gradient perpendicular to the direction of shear.

3) Product of the fluid viscosity and the velocity gradient parallel to the direction of shear.

4) Product of the fluid viscosity and the velocity gradient perpendicular to the direction of shear.

68- Which of the following are the advantages of impulse turbine over reaction turbines ?

A. Occupies less space per unit power.

B. Compounding is not necessary for speed reduction as the rotor speeds are usually low.

C. Suitable for high power generation.

Options:

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1) B and C only

2) A only

3) C only

4) A and C only

69- The compressors used in a gas turbine are typically of which type?

Options:

1) Centrifugal

2) Centripetal

3) Reciprocating

4) Axial

Options:

1) Kaplan turbine

2) Francis turbine

3) Pelton wheel

4) Thompson turbine

71- According to Bernoulli's principle in fluid dynamics, for inviscid flow, increase in speed of fluid

leads to which of the following?

Options:

1) Increase in pressure and/or increase in fluid's potential energy

2) Decrease in pressure and/or increase in fluid's potential energy

3) Increase in pressure and/or decrease in fluid's potential energy

4) Decrease in pressure and/or decrease in fluid's potential energy

72- The material commonly used for air craft gas turbine is _____.

Options:

1) stainless steel

2) high alloy steel

3) duralumin

4) titanium

Correct Answer: duralumin

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73- The difference of absolute pressure and local atmospheric pressure is known as _____.

Options:

1) Negative pressure

2) Positive pressure

3) Gauge pressure

4) Hydraulic pressure

Options:

1) dynamic head

2) static head

3) direct head

4) potential head

75- Specific gravity is defined as the ratio of density of fluid and density of water at which

temperature (in °C)?

Options:

1) 0

2) 100

3) 4

4) It is not dependent on temperature

Options:

1) adhesion

2) cohesion

3) surface tension

4) viscosity

77- Fluid flow in a straight circular pipe is typically laminar in nature when the Reynolds number is

_____.

Options:

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2) Less than 4000

3) More than 2300

4) More than 4000

78 - The reduction in fluid pressure that results when a fluid flows through a constricted section of a

pipe is known as _____.

Options:

1) Orifice effect

2) Bernoulli's principle

3) Secondary flow

4) Venturi effect

79- For a compressible flow, Mach Number (M) is given by which of the following expression?

where v = velocity of fluid in compressible flow c = speed of sound in air

Options:

1) M = v/√c

2) M = c/v

3) M = v/c

4) M = v/c2

80- Which type of forces dominates a fluid flow with a very high Reynolds Number (Re ≈ 10000)?

Options:

1) Inertial

2) Viscous

3) Reaction

4) Divergent

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2) delivery pressure should be low

3) suction pressure should be high

4) delivery pressure should be high

82-

Options:

1) Steady flow

2) Irrotational flow

3) Inviscid flow

4) Incomprehensible flow

83-

Options:

1) A-1, B-4, C-2, D-6; E-3

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84-

Options:

1) A-2, B-3, C-4, D-1

2) A-2, B-3, C-1, D-4

3) A-3, B-4, C-1, D-2

4) A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4

85- A fluid whose shear stress is linearly proportional to the velocity gradient in the direction

perpendicular to the plane of shear is called as _____.

Options:

1) Friction fluid

2) Stress fluid

3) Newtonian fluid

4) Cartesian fluid

86- Euler's equation for the motion of liquid assumes that _____.

Options:

1) Fluid is viscous

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3) Velocity of flow is non-uniform over the section

4) Flow is unsteady along with stream line

Options:

1) One-dimensional flow

2) Three dimensional flow

3) Two-dimensional flow

4) Four-dimensional flow

88- The frictional resistance of a pipe varies approximately with _________of the liquid.

Options:

1) pressure

2) square of velocity

3) velocity

4) cube of the velocity

Options:

1) Low velocity

2) Low pressure

3) High velocity

4) High pressure

90- The stress, which is responsible for retaining water in a capillary tube above the free water

surface of the water body in which the capillary tube is inserted, is called the _____.

Options:

1) Capillary compression

2) Capillary tension

3) Capillary pore pressure

4) None of these

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Options:

1) One-dimensional flow

2) Three dimensional flow

3) Two-dimensional flow

4) Four-dimensional flow

92- A single speed centrifugal pump, feeding a small water supply distribution system of a block of

houses, works at _____.

Options:

1) Maximum efficiency

2) Minimum efficiency

3) Reduced efficiency

4) None of these

93. The flow of water in a pipe of diameter 3000 mm can be measured by _____.

Options:

1) Venturimeter

2) Rotameter

3) Pilot tube

4) Orifice plate

Options:

1) Resultant of up-thrust and gravity forces acting on the body

2) Resultant force on the body due to the fluid surrounding it

3) Resultant of static weight of body and dynamic thrust of fluid

4) Equal to the volume of liquid displaced by the body

Options:

1) Shear force

2) Resistance to viscosity

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3) Surface tension

4) Geometric similitude

Options:

1) Smooth and streamline flow

2) Laminar flow

3) Steady flow

4) Highly turbulent flow

97.The fluid forces considered in the Navier Stokes equation are _____.

Options:

1) Gravity, pressure and viscous

2) Gravity, pressure and turbulent

3) Pressure, viscous and turbulent

4) Gravity, viscous and turbulent

Options:

1) at normal depth

2) above normal depth

3) below normal depth

4) above critical depth

99.

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Options:

1) 275.9 KN

2) 58.9 KN

3) 217 KN

4) None of these

100 - The coefficient of discharge (Cd) of an orifice varies with _____.

Options:

1) Reynold number

2) Weber number

3) Froude number

4) Mach number

101 - Head loss in turbulent flow in a pipe _____.

Options:

1) Varies directly as velocity

2) Varies inversely as square of velocity

3) Varies approximately as square of velocity

4) Varies inversely as velocity

102 - A type of flow in which the fluid particles while moving in the direction of flow rotate about

their mass centre, is called _____.

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1) Steady flow

2) Uniform flow

3) Laminar flow

4) Rotational flow

103 - For a flow to be rotational, velocity normal to the plane of area should be equal to the _____.

Options:

1) Angular velocity vector

2) Half the angular velocity vector

3) Twice the angular velocity vector

4) Zero

104 - A fluid in which resistance to deformation is independent of the shear stress, is called _____.

Options:

1) Bingham plastic fluid

2) Pseudo plastic fluid

3) Dilatant fluid

4) Newtonian fluid

Options:

1) Active force

2) Reactive force

3) Torque

4) Work done

Options:

1) Mass of liquid displaced

2) Viscosity of fluid

3) Surface tension of fluid

4) Depth of immersion

Options:

1) Less than the vapour pressure over the plane surface

2) Equal to vapour pressure over the plane surface

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4) Zero

Options:

1) Rotational

2) Turbulent

3) Unsteady

4) All options are correct

109- When a body floating in a liquid is displaced slightly, it oscillates about _____.

Options:

1) Centre of gravity of body

2) Centre of pressure

3) Centre of buoyancy

4) Metacentre

Options:

1) Air

2) Castor oil

3) Glycerin

4) Carbon tetrachloride

Options:

1) Relative humidity

2) Buoyant force

3) Specific gravity of liquids

4) Viscosity of liquids

112 - A model of torpedo is tested in a towing tank at a velocity of 25 m/sec. The prototype is

expected to attain a velocity of 5 m/sec. What model scale has been used?

Options:

1) 1 : 5

2) 1: 2.5

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3) 1: 25

4) None of these

113- For the water is flowing through a 20 cm diameter pipe with friction factor, f = 0.04. The flow

will be _____.

Options:

1) Viscous

2) Non viscous

3) Both viscous and non-viscous

4) None of these

114- Crude oil of kinematic viscosity 2.25 stokes flows through a 20 cm diameter pipe, The rate of

flow being 1.5 litres/sec. The flow will be _____.

Options:

1) Laminar

2) Turbulent

3) Uncertain

4) None of these

115- The maximum continuous power available from a hydroelectric plant under the most adverse

hydraulic conditions is known as _____.

Options:

1) base power

2) firm power

3) primary power

4) secondary power

Options:

1) Load curve

2) Load duration curve

3) Load factor

4) Demand curve

117- The ratio of 'Average generation in KWH per year' to 'the product of Installed capacity in KW

and hrs per year' is known as _____.

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A. Plant factor

B. Capacity factor

C. Use factor

Options:

1) only A

2) A or B

3) A or B or C

4) only C

118- Portion of the installed reserve kept in operable condition but not placed in service to supply

the peak load is known as _____.

Options:

1) Operating reserve

2) Spinning reserve

3) Cold reserve

4) Hot reserve

119- Capacity of hydroelectric plant in service in excess of the peak load is known as _____.

Options:

1) Operating reserve

2) Spinning reserve

3) Cold reserve

4) Hot reserve

Options:

1) Low head of water

2) High head of water

3) Medium head of water

4) High discharge

Options:

1) To run the turbine full

2) To prevent air to enter the turbine

3) To increase the effective head of water

4) To transport water to downstream

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Options:

1) The water flows parallel to the axis of the wheel

2) The water enters the centre of wheel and there flows towards the outer periphery of the wheel

3) The water enters the wheel at the outer periphery, and then flows towards the centre of the

wheel

4) The flow of water is partly radial and partly axial

Options:

1) increases

2) decreases

3) remains unaffected

4) unpredictable

Options:

1) at c.g. of body

2) at centre of pressure

3) vertically upwards

4) at metacentre

Options:

1) when its metacentric height is zero

2) when the metacentre is above c.g.

3) when its c.g. is below its centre of buoyancy

4) metacentre has nothing to do with position of c.g. for determining stability

Options:

1) vertical upward force through c.g. of body and center line of body

2) buoyant force and the center line of body

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4) All of these

Options:

1) buoyancy, gravity

2) buoyancy, pressure

3) buoyancy, inertial

4) inertial, gravity

Options:

1) only when the fluid is frictionless

2) only when the fluid is incompressible and has zero viscosity

3) when there is no motion of one fluid layer relative to an adjacent layer

4) irrespective of the motion of one fluid layer relative to an adjacent layer

Options:

1) Pascal law

2) Newton's law of viscosity

3) boundary layer theory

4) continuity equation

130- The flow in which the velocity vector is identical in magnitude and direction at every point, for

any given instant, is known as

Options:

1) one dimensional flow

2) uniform flow

3) steady flow

4) turbulent flow

131- Two dimensional flow occurs when

Options:

1) the direction and magnitude of the velocity at all points are identical

2) the velocity of successive fluid particles, at any point, is the same at successive periods of time

3) the magnitude and direction of the velocity do not change from point to point in the fluid

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4) the fluid particles move in plane or parallel planes and the streamline patterns are identical in

each plane

132- The upper surface of a weir over which water flows is known as

Options:

1) crest

2) nappe

3) sill

4) weir top

133- The fluid forces considered in the Navier strokes equation are

Options:

1) gravity, pressure and viscous

2) gravity, pressure and turbulent

3) pressure, viscous and turbulent

4) gravity, viscous and turbulent

Options:

1) mass

2) momentum

3) energy

4) work

135- Specific weight of sea water is more than that of pure water because it contains ______.

Options:

1) dissolved air

2) dissolved salt

3) suspended matter

4) All options are correct

Where f = friction factor, L = length, V = velocity

m = A/P = area/wetted perimeter

Options:

1) f (L/4m).(V2/2g)

2) f (L/m)(V2/2g)

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3) f (4L/m)(V2/2g)

4) f (4m/L)(V2/2g)

Options:

1) creation of vortex at vena contracta

2) cavitation problem at vena contracta

3) large variation of discharge

4) erratic flow

138 - For very high discharge at low pressure such as for flood control and irrigation applications,

which of the following types of pump is preferred?

Options:

1) Centrifugal

2) Axial Flow

3) Reciprocating

4) Mixed Flow

Options:

1) height H

2) √H

3) H2

4) H3/2

140- The hydraulic radius in the case of an open channel with great width is equal to

Options:

1) depth of channel

2) 1/2 x depth of channel

3) 1/3 x depth of channel

4) 1/4 x depth of channel

Options:

1) full load speed

2) the speed at which turbine runner will be damaged

3) the speed if the turbine runner is allowed to revolve freely without load and with the wicket

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4) the speed corresponding to maximum overload permissible

142- The cipoletti weir functions as if it were a following notch without end contractions

Options:

1) triangular notch

2) trapezoidal notch

3) rectangular notch

4) parallelogram notch

Options:

1) straight line law

2) parabolic law

3) hyperbolic law

4) logarithmic law or Power law

144 - When a liquid rotates at constant angular velocity about a vertical axis as a right body, the

pressure

Options:

1) varies as the square of the radial distance

2) decreases as the square of the radial distance

3) increases linearly as the radial distance

4) varies inversely as the elevation along any vertical line

Options:

1) length of pipe

2) elastic properties of pipe material

3) rate of stoppage of flow

4) All options are correct

146- Power transmitted through a pipe is maximum when the loss of head due to friction is

Options:

1) one-half of the total head supplied

2) one-third of the total head supplied

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4) equal to the total head supplied

147- To replace a pipe of diameter D by n parallel pipes of diameter d, the formula used is

Options:

1) d= D/n

2) d= D/n1/2

3) d= D/n3/2

4) d= D/n2/5

Options:

1) density of fluid

2) velocity

3) pressure

4) surface roughness

Options:

1) flow through an expanding tube at an increasing rate

2) flow through an expanding tube at constant rate

3) flow through a long pipe at decreasing rate

4) flow through a long pipe at constant rate

Options:

1) the difference in elevation of water surface

2) the square root of the difference in elevation of water surface

3) the square root of the area of the opening

4) reciprocal of the area of the opening

Options:

1) the shear stresses are generally larger than in a similar laminar flow

2) fluid particles move in an orderly manner

3) momentum transfer is on a molecular scale only

4) cohesion is more effective than momentum transfer in causing shear stress

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Options:

1) is constant over the cross-section

2) is zero at the wall and increases linearly to the center

3) is zero at the center and varies linearly with radius

4) varies parabolically across the section

153

Options:

1) Curve A

2) Curve B

3) Curve C

4) All options are correct

Options:

1) compressibility

2) surface tension

3) cohesion

4) adhesion

155.When the flow parameters at any given instant remain same at every point, then flow is said to

be

Options:

1) quasi static

2) steady state

3) laminar

4) uniform

156.An object having 10 kg mass weighs 9.81 kg on a spring balance. The value of ‘g’ at this place is

_____.

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Options:

1) 10 m/sec2

2) 9.81 m/sec2

3) 10.2 m/sec2

4) 9.75 m/sec2

157-

Options:

1) A

2) B

3) C

4) D

158. The velocity distribution for flow between two fixed parallel plates______.

Options:

1) is constant over the crosssection

2) is zero at the plates and increases linearly to the midplane

3) varies parabolically across the section

4) is zero in middle and increases linearly towards the plates

Options:

1) specific gravity = gravity x density

2) dynamic viscosity = kinematic viscosity x density

3) gravity = specific gravity x density

4) kinematic viscosity = dynamic viscosity x density

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1) Viscosity of a fluid is that property which determines the amount if its resistance to a shearing

force

2) Viscosity is due primarily to interaction between fluid molecules

3) Viscosity of liquids decreases with increase in temperature

4) Viscosity of liquids is appreciably affected by change in pressure

Options:

1) is uniform flow

2) is steady uniform flow

3) takes place in straight lines

4) involves zero transverse component of flow

162. If cohesion between molecules of a fluid is greater than adhesion between fluid and glass, then

the free level of fluid in a dipped glass tube will be

Options:

1) higher than the surface of liquid

2) the same as the surface of liquid

3) lower than the surface of liquid

4) unpredictable

Options:

1) supersonics, as with projectiles and jet propulsion

2) full immersion or completely enclosed flow, as with pipes, aircraft wings, nozzles etc..

3) simultaneous motion through two fluids where there is a surface of discontinuity, gravity force,

and wave making effects, as with ship's hulls.

4) All options are correct

Options:

1) less than 2000

2) between 2000 and 4000

3) more than 4000

4) less than 1000

165. Two forces act at an angle of 120°. If the greater force is 50 N and their resultant is

perpendicular to the smaller force, the smaller force is ____ N

Options:

1) 20

2) 25

3) 30

4) 35

Options:

1) linearly as the viscosity

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3) as the cube of the diameter

4) inversely as the viscosity

Options:

1) 1

2) 0.5

3) 0

4) 0.97

Options:

1) mass

2) force

3) momentum

4) energy

169. The motion of a fluid is vortex if each particle of the fluid moves in a circular path with the

speed which _____.

Options:

1) is constant

2) is directly proportional to distance from center

3) varies as square of distance from center

4) varies inversely as the distance from center

flow?

Options:

1) flow through an expanding tube at an increasing rate

2) flow through an expanding tube at constant rate

3) flow through a long pipe at decreasing rate

4) flow through a long pipe at a constant rate

171.If the particles of a fluid attain such velocities that velocities vary from point to point in

magnitude and direction, as well as from instant to instant, the flow is said to be _____.

Options:

1) disturbed flow

2) turbulent flow

3) turbid flow

4) non uniform flow

172. The discharge of broad crested weir is maximum if the head of water on the downstream side

of weir as compared to the head on the upstream side

of the weir is _____.

Options:

1) one half

2) one third

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3) two third

4) three fourth

Options:

1) Bernoulli's equation

2) Newton's law of viscosity

3) Darcy's equation

4) continuity equation

174 A fluid flow taking place continuously round a curved path about a fixed axis of rotation, is

known as _____.

Options:

1) rotational flow

2) radial flow

3) circular flow

4) vortex flow

175. Vertical distribution of velocity in an open channel for laminar flow can be assumed as _____.

Options:

1) logarithmic

2) parabolic

3) straight line (constant)

4) hyperbolic

176. Drag is defined as the force component exerted on an immersed object, the component acting

in direction is______.

Options:

1) normal to flow direction

2) parallel to flow direction

3) at resultant angle

4) radial to flow direction

177. According to Darcy's formula, loss of head due to friction in the pipe is

Where f= Darcy's coefficient

l = length of pipe

v = velocity of liquid flow

d = diameter of pipe

Options:

1) 4flv2/2gd

2) flv2/gd

3) 2flv2/gd

4) 4flv/gd

Options:

1) (difference in water surface)/(total length of channel)

2) (head loss due to friction)/(total length of channel)

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4) (area od crosssection)/(total length of channel)

Options:

1) a straight line

2) a circular path

3) an elliptical path

4) parabolic path

Options:

1) flow through an expanding tube at an increasing rate

2) flow through an expanding tube at constant rate

3) flow through a long pipe at decreasing rate

4) flow through a long pipe at constant rate

Options:

1) very slow motions

2) very viscous fluids

3) very narrow passages

4) None of the these

Options:

1) streamline flow

2) steady flow

3) turbulent flow

4) perfect incompressible fluid flowing in continuous streams__

Options:

1) Reynolds number

2) friction factor

3) pressure coefficient

4) kinematic viscosity

184 - The specific speed of a pump is defined as the speed of a unit of such a size that

Options:

1) it delivers unit discharge at unit head.

2) it delivers unit discharge at unit power.

3) it requires unit power per unit head.

4) it produces unit horse power with unit head.

185- The total energy of each particle at various places in the case of perfect incompressible fluid

flowing in continuous stream

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Options:

1) keeps on increasing.

2) keeps on decreasing.

3) remains constant.

4) may increase or decrease.

Options:

1) ratio of diameters

2) square of ratio of diameters

3) inverse ratio of diameters

4) square of inverse ratio of diameters

187- Normal depth in open channel flow is the depth of flow corresponding to

Options:

1) steady flow

2) unsteady flow

3) laminar flow

4) uniform flow

Options:

1) gear

2) vane

3) screw

4) axial

Options:

1) horizontal

2) vertical, flow downwards

3) vertical, flow upwards

4) in any position

Options:

1) accumulating oil

2) supplying large quantities of oil for very short duration

3) generally high pressures to operate hydraulic machines

4) supplying energy when main supply fails

Options:

1) pressure in pipes, channels etc.

2) atmospheric pressure

3) very low pressure

4) difference of pressure between two points

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192 - The total pressure force on a plane area is equal to the area multiplied by the intensity of

pressure at the centroid, if

A. the area is horizontal

B. the area is vertical

C. the area is inclined

Options:

1) only A

2) only B

3) only C

4) A, B and C

193 - A piece weighing 3 kg in air was found to weigh 2.5 kg when submerged in water. Its specific

gravity is

Options:

1) 1

2) 5

3) 7

4) 6

Options:

1) M1L-1T-1

2) M-1L1T-1

3) M-1L1T1

4) M1L-1T1

195 - A liquid compressed in cylinder has a volume of 0.04 m3 at 50 N/cm2 and a volume of 0.039

m3 at 150 N/cm2. The bulk modulus of elasticity of liquid is

Options:

1) 400 N/cm2

2) 4000 N/cm2

3) 40000 N/cm2

4) 40 N/cm2

Options:

1) acts in the plane of the interface normal to any line in the surface

2) is also known as capillarity

3) is a function of the curvature of the interface

4) decreases with fall in temperature

Options:

1) resistance to shear stress is small

2) fluid pressure is small

3) linear deformation is small

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198 - When a piping system is made up primarily of vertical lift and very little pipe friction, the

pump characteristics should be _____.

Options:

1) horizontal

2) nearly horizontal

3) steep

4) first rise and then fall

199 - A block of ice floating over water in a vessel slowly melts in it. The water level in the vessel

will

Options:

1) start rising

2) start falling

3) will remain constant

4) will depend on temperature of water

Options:

1) centrifugal pump

2) mixed flow pump

3) axial flow pump

4) axial flow pump or mixed flow pump

201 - For pumping viscous oil, which of the following pumps will be used?

Options:

1) Centrifugal pump

2) Reciprocating pump

3) Turbine pump

4) Screw pump

Options:

1) low head

2) high head

3) medium head

4) high flow

Options:

1) similar to perfect gas

2) one which obeys Newton's law of viscosity

3) frictionless and incompressible

4) very viscous

204 - The ratio of power produced by the turbine to the energy actually supplied to the turbine is

called _____.

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Options:

1) Mechanical efficiency

2) Hydraulic efficiency

3) Overall efficiency

4) Turbine efficiency

Options:

1) lies between 2000 – 3000

2) lies between 3000 – 4000

3) is more than 2000

4) is less than 2000

Options:

1) Low head

2) High head

3) High head and low discharge

4) Low head and high discharge

Options:

1) speed, power developed and flow

2) speed, power developed and effective head

3) speed, head and flow

4) speed, mean diameter and head

A. Using highly polished blade

B. Using stainless steel runner

C. Running the turbine at designed speed

D. Installing the turbine below the tail race level

Options:

1) only A

2) A and B only

3) B and C only

4) A, B, C and D

Options:

1) two cylinders, two rams and a storage device

2) a cylinder and a ram

3) two co-axial rams and two cylinders

4) a cylinder, a piston, storage tank and control valve

Options:

1) increases with decrease in temperature

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3) independent of temperature

4) None of these

211 - The point in the immersed body through which the resultant pressure of the liquid may be

taken to act is known as

Options:

1) centre of gravity

2) centre of buoyancy

3) centre of pressure

4) metacenter

212-Fluid flow in a straight circular pipe is typically turbulent in nature when the Reynolds number

(Re) is _____.

Options:

1) 2000 < Re < 4000

2) Re < 2000

3) Re > 4000

4) None of these

Options:

1) It works under a low head and requires large quantity of water.

2) It works under a low head and requires small quantity of water.

3) It works under a high head and requires large quantity of water.

4) It works under a high head and requires small quantity of water.

214 - In a centrifugal pump, the flow enters the chamber along the axis of the chamber and is

discharged:

Options:

1) radially

2) axially

3) at a certain angle

4) None of these

215- Which of the following is a medium head turbine in which water flows inwards radially?

Options:

1) Pelton wheel

2) Francis turbine

3) Kaplan turbine

4) None of these

216 - The pressure at a point in a fluid will not be same in all the directions when the fluid is

Options:

1) moving

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2) viscous

3) viscous and static

4) viscous and moving

217 - Two small orifices A and B of diameters 1 cm and 2 cm, respectively, are placed on the sides of

a tank at depths of h1 and h2 below the open liquid

surface. If the discharges through A and B are equal, then the ratio of h1 and h2 (assuming Cd

values) will be _____.

Options:

1) 16:1

2) 8:1

3) 4 :1

4) 2:1

A. There is loss of liquid while flowing.

B. There is no external force except the gravity acts on the liquid.

C. The velocity of energy of liquid particle, across any cross-section of pipe is uniform.

Options:

1) Only A

2) Only B

3) Only C

4) Both B and C

219- For a submerged curved surface, the component of force due to static liquid is equal to _____.

Options:

1) Weight of the liquid supported by curved surface

2) Force on a projection of the curved surface on a vertical plane

3) Area of curved surface x pressure at the centroid of the submerged area

4) None of these

220 - If the Froude number in open channel flow is less than 1, then the flow is called _____.

Options:

1) critical flow

2) super-critical flow

3) sub-critical flow

4) None of these

Options:

1) Head on turbine is unity and discharge is also unity

2) Head = one metre and speed is unity

3) Head on turbine is unit

4) None of these

Options:

1) decreases with increase in temperature

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3) is independent of temperature

4) is independent of pressure for very high pressure intensities

Options:

1) intensity of pressure and rate of angular deformation

2) shear stress and rate of angular deformation

3) shear stress, viscosity and temperature

4) viscosity and rate of angular deformation

224 - Which of the following equations are used for the derivation of the differential equation for

water surface profile in open channel flow?

A. Continuity equation

B. Energy equation

C. Momentum equation

Options:

1) Only A

2) Only B

3) Only C

4) Both A and B

Options:

1) when its metacentric height is zero

2) when the metacentre is above the centre of gravity

3) when the metacentre is below the centre of gravity

4) only when its centre of gravity is below its centre of buoyancy

Options:

1) a function of temperature only

2) a physical property of the fluid

3) dependent of the flow

4) independent of the flow

227 - In a steady flow of a fluid, the total acceleration of any fluid particle _____.

Options:

1) can be zero

2) is never zero

3) is always zero

4) is independent of co-ordinates

Options:

1) a non-dimensional quantity

2) a fictitious quantity

3) velocity of fluid at the edge of laminar sub-layer

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4) None of these

Options:

1) the flow is laminar

2) the flow is along the stream lines

3) the flow separation is suppressed

4) the drag is zero

Options:

1) steady and uniform flow

2) steady and non-uniform flow

3) unsteady and uniform flow

4) unsteady and non-uniform flow

Options:

1) high suction lift and low pump speed

2) low suction lift and high pump speed

3) high suction lift and high pump speed

4) low suction lift and low pump speed

Options:

1) at very low velocities

2) in flows of highly viscous fluids

3) in flows through very narrow passages

4) in flows at high velocities through large passages

Options:

1) total pressure on the vertical projection of the body

2) total pressure on the horizontal projection of the body

3) weight of the liquid equal to the volume of the body

4) weight of the liquid equal to the immersed volume of the body

234 - Which of following related fluid flow parameters exist both in rotational and irrotational

flows?

Options:

1) Vorticity

2) Stream function

3) Velocity potential

4) Both Vorticity and Stream function

Options:

1) Low head of water

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3) Medium head of water

4) High discharge

Options:

1) The water flows parallel to the axis of the wheel

2) The water enters the centre of wheel and there flows towards the outer periphery of the wheel

3) The water enters the wheel at the outer periphery, and then flows towards the centre of the

wheel

4) The flow of water is partly radial and partly axial

237 - It is known that 'H' is the head of water under which the turbine is working. The power

developed by a turbine is _____.

Options:

1) Directly proportional to H1/2

2) Inversely proportional to H1/2

3) Directly proportional to H3/2

4) Inversely proportional to H3/2

Options:

1) Causes noise and vibration of various parts

2) Makes the surface rough

3) Reduces the discharge of the turbine

4) Causes sudden drop in power output and efficiency

Options:

1) at the centre

2) at the top

3) at the bottom

4) at the edges

Options:

1) To store pressure energy, which may be applied to any machine later on

2) To increase the intensity of pressure of water by measure of energy available from a large

quantity of water at a low pressure

3) To lift larger load by the application of a comparatively much smaller force

4) None of these

Options:

1) To control the pressure variations due to rapid changes in pipe line flow

2) To eliminate water hammer possibilities

3) To regulate flow of water to turbines by providing necessary retarding head of water

4) All optons are correct.

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ANSWER SHEET

1. 1 2. 4 3. 4 4. 3 5. 2 6. 4 7. 3 8. 4 9. 3 10. 4

11. 3 12. 3 13. 2 14. 2 15. 3 16. 2 17. 4 18. 4 19. 1 20. 2

21. 2 22. 3 23. 4 24. 3 25. 1 26. 1 27. 2 28. 1 29. 4 30. 4

31. 2 32. 1 33. 1 34. 4 35. 3 36. 2 37. 1 38. 2 39. 3 40. 2

41. 4 42. 3 43. 4 44. 1 45. 3 46. 4 47. 1 48. 4 49. 1 50. 1

51. N 52. 2 53. 4 54. 2 55. 4 56. 1 57. 2 58. N 59. 2 60. 3

Q Q

61. 4 62. 2 63. 3 64. 4 65. 4 66. 3 67. 4 68. 1 69. 3 70. 1

71. 4 72. 3 73. 3 74. 2 75. 3 76. 3 77. 1 78. 4 79. 3 80. 1

81. 3 82. 4 83. 4 84. 1 85. 3 86. 2 87. 3 88. 2 89. 2 90. 2

91. 3 92. 3 93. 3 94. 4 95. 3 96. 4 97. 1 98. 4 99. 3 100. 1

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101. 3 102. 4 103. 3 104. 4 105. 1 106. 1 107. 1 108. 2 109. 4 110. 4

111. 3 112. 1 113. 1 114. 1 115. 2 116. 1 117. 3 118. 3 119. 1 120. 2

121. 3 122. 3 123. 1 124. 3 125. 2 126. 2 127. 1 128. 3 129. 4 130. 2

131. 4 132. 3 133. 1 134. 3 135. 4 136. 1 137. 2 138. 2 139. 2 140. 1

141. 3 142. 3 143. 4 144. 1 145. 4 146. 4 147. 4 148. 3 149. 1 150. 2

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