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2009 IBC Structural - 2 Hour Overview

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2009 International Building Code

Structural Provisions

Introduction & Overview

1

2009 International Building Code

Based on

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are adopted

• 59 amendments

• 14 additions based on the draft of Sep. 13, 2010

• 35 deletions

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Background of the

International Code Council

1994 and dedicated to building safety and fire

prevention, develops the codes used to construct

residential and commercial buildings, including

homes and schools. ICC develops a single set of

comprehensive and coordinated national model

construction codes.

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Background of the

International Code Council

international codes, ICC offers code

application assistance, educational

programs and materials, and certification

training and testing.

9

Background of the

International Code Council

The International

Code Council is on

the internet at:

www.iccsafe.org

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Structural Design Methods

– Older design method.

– Actual stress from nominal loads ≤

allowable stress.

LRFD – Load and Resistance Factor Design

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Section 1605.2

Load Combination - LRFD

1.2(D+F+T) + 1.6(L+H) + 0.5(Lr or S or R) (Eq. 16-2)

1.2D +1.6(Lr or S or R) + (f1L or 0.8W) (Eq. 16-3)

1.2D + 1.6W + f1L + 0.5(Lr or S or R) (Eq. 16-4)

1.2D + 1.0E + f1L + f2 S (Eq. 16-5)

0.9D + 1.6W + 1.6H (Eq. 16-6)

0.9D + 1.0E + 1.6H (Eq. 16-7)

f1 = 0.5, except 1.0 in public assembly L > 4.79 kN/m2, and for parking

garage live load

f2 = 0.2, except 0.7 for roof configurations (such as saw tooth) that do not

shed snow off the structure

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Section 1605.3.1

Load Combination – ASD Basic

D+F (Eq. 16-8)

D+ H+ F+ L+ T (Eq. 16-9)

D + H + F + (Lr or S or R) (Eq. 16-10)

D + H + F + 0.75(L+T) + 0.75 (Lr or S or R) (Eq. 16-11)

D + H + F + (W or 0.7E) (Eq. 16-12)

D + H + F + 0.75 (W or 0.7E) + 0.75L + 0.75 (Lr or S or R) (Eq. 16-13)

0.6D + W + H (Eq. 16-14)

0.6D + 0.7E + H (Eq. 16-15)

Exceptions:

1. Crane hook loads need not be combined with roof live load or with more

than 3/4 of the snow load or 1/2 of the wind load.

2. Flat roof snow loads of 1.44 kN/m2 or less and roof live loads of 1.44

kN/m2 or less need not be combined with seismic loads. Where flat roof

snow loads exceed 1.44 kN/m2, 20% shall be combined with seismic

loads. 14

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

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Structural Design Methods

– Newer ―limit state‖ design method

– Factored resistance ≥ factored load effect

―SD versus LRFD‖

– Term ―LRFD‖ used for aluminum, steel, &

wood

– Term ―Strength Design‖ used for concrete

and masonry

– Same procedure, different names

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

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Engineering Terminology

―Prescriptive‖

– Requirements are prescribed by rules

only.

– Often based on long standing custom.

– Like a recipe to bake a cake —

ingredients and procedure are

prescribed.

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Engineering Terminology

―Engineered‖

– Calculations instead of rules.

– Many possible solutions available to

engineer.

―Empirical‖

– Derived from observation and/or experiment

rather than theory.

– Similar to prescriptive but involves

calculations to determine compliance.

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Code Terminology

―Specification Code‖

– IBC is a specification code that specifies

the requirements for compliance in very

black and white terms.

―Performance Code‖

– Performance code does not specify

requirements.

– But gives the ―performance goals‖ to be

achieved.

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Engineering Units

and ―Soft Metric‖

The IBC is in U.S. Customary Units

Feet, inches, pounds (force), seconds

with ―Soft Metric‖ SI conversion in parentheses

For example, IBC Table 1607.1:

Office floor live load, L = 50 psf uniformly distributed

load

Footnote states …

For SI: 1.0 psf = 0.0479 kN/m2

Therefore, 50 psf = 2.4 kN/m2

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

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Conversion Tools

http://www.onlineconversion.com/

http://www.convert-me.com/en/

http://www.onlineunitconversion.com/

http://www.microsystools.com/services/unit-

convert/

http://www.gordonengland.co.uk/conversion/

http://www.youconvertit.com/ConvertUnits.aspx

iPhone applications named Unit Converter,

MultiConvert, etc.

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are listed alphabetically in Chapter 35.

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2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

references approximately 280 ASTM

standards. Most of the standards contained

in previous legacy codes, such as UBC

Volume 3, are now ASTM standards and

are referenced standards listed in IBC

Chapter 35.

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Referenced Standards and Conflicts

considered part of the code:

Referenced code and standards. The codes and

standards referenced in this code shall be considered

part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed

extent of each such reference.

It also states that where there are conflicts between the

code and the standard, the code prevails:

Where differences occur between provisions of this code

and referenced codes and standards, the provisions of

this code shall apply.

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

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categories are not the same in the IBC

Table 1604.5 as in ASCE 7 Table 1-1.

Which one governs?

occupancy categories from Table 1604.5

of the IBC.

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Design and Methods

construction must comply with the code,

but not every structural element or

product is specifically covered by the

code. The code cannot realistically

include every component and system.

iLevel Shear Brace, Hilti Kwik Bolt and

Hardy Frame are examples of structural

components that are commonly used but

are not specifically included in the code.

Simpson Strong Wall

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

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covered by the code approved?

The code has a procedure for approving

such items under Section 104.11,

Alternative materials, design and

methods of construction and equipment.

Approve – when found equivalent in

quality, strength, effectiveness, fire

resistance, durability and safety.

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Section 104.11.1

Research Reports

Supporting data.

Assist in the approval of materials or

assemblies not specifically provided for in

this code.

Consist of valid research reports from

approved sources.

35

Section 104.11.2

Tests

provisions of this code.

Evidence that a material or method does not

conform to the requirements.

In order to substantiate claims for alternative

materials or methods.

Building officials shall have the authority to

require tests as evidence of compliance to

be made at no expense to the jurisdiction.

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be used by building officials to approve products not

covered by the code.

ICC Evaluation Service Reports (ESR) can be

accepted as evidence to the building official that the

product conforms to the requirements of the code

(under Section 104.11 as an alternative material,

design or method of construction).

ICC ES website: http://www.icc-es.org/

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

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39

Structural Loads

(IBC Chapter 16)

1601 General

1602 Definitions and Notations

1603 Construction Documents

1604 General Design Requirements

1605 Load Combinations

1606 Dead Loads

1607 Live Loads

1608 Snow Loads

1609 Wind Loads

1610 Soil Lateral Loads

1611 Rain Loads

1612 Flood Loads

1613 Earthquake Loads

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Structural Loads

(IBC Chapter 16)

loads that buildings and

structures must be designed

to safely resist.

Code references ASCE/SEI

Standard 7-05, Minimum

Design Loads for Buildings

and Other Structures with

Supplements No. 1 and

No. 2.

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

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Structural Loads

(IBC Chapter 16)

and/or ASCE 7-05, in general:

Structural design criteria are found in

IBC.

The technical provisions for

environmental loads (snow, wind,

seismic) are only found in the ASCE 7

standard.

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Section 1603

Construction Documents

section and relative locations of structural members with

floor levels, column centers and offsets dimensioned. The

following information should also be shown:

Floor live load.

Roof live load.

Roof snow load.

1. Flat-roof snow load, Pf

2. Snow exposure factor, Ce

3. Snow load importance factor, I

4. Thermal factor, Ct

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Section 1603

Construction Documents

1. Basic wind speed (3-second gust), m/s

2. Wind importance factor, I, and occupancy

category.

3. Wind exposure.

4. The applicable internal pressure

coefficient.

5. Components and cladding design wind

pressures, kN/m2

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Section 1603

Construction Documents

Earthquake design data

1. Seismic importance factor, I, and occupancy

category

2. Mapped spectral response accelerations, SS

and S1

3. Site class

4. Design spectral response coefficients, SDS

and SD1

5. Seismic design category

6. Basic seismic-force-resisting system(s)

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Section 1603

Construction Documents

Earthquake design data (continued)

7. Response modification factor(s), R

8. Seismic response coefficient(s), CS

9. Design base shear

10. Seismic analysis procedure used

Geotechnical information

Flood design data

Special loads

Special inspection items for seismic resistance

(see Section 1707.1)

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Section 1901.4

Construction Documents (Concrete)

construction shall include:

1. The specified compressive strength of concrete at the

stated ages or stages of construction for which each

concrete element is designed.

2. The specified strength or grade of reinforcement.

3. The size and location of structural elements,

reinforcement and anchors.

4. Provision for dimensional changes resulting from

creep, shrinkage and temperature.

5. The magnitude and location of prestressing forces.

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

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Section 1901.4

Construction Documents (Concrete)

Continued…

6. Anchorage length of reinforcement and location and length

of lap splices.

7. Type and location of mechanical and welded splices of

reinforcement.

8. Details and location of contraction or isolation joints

specified for plain concrete.

9. Minimum concrete compressive strength at time of

posttensioning.

10. Stressing sequence for posttensioning tendons.

11. For structures assigned to Seismic Design Category D, E

or F, a statement if slab on grade is designed as a

structural diaphragm (see Section 21.12.3.4 of ACI 318M).

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Section 1604

General Design Requirements

The following design requirements prescribe

minimum strength and serviceability:

General In-place load tests

Section 1604.1 Section 1604.6

Section 1604.2 Section 1604.7

Section 1604.3 Section 1604.8

Section 1604.4 Section 1604.9

Section 1604.5 Section 1604.10

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Section 1604

General Design Requirements

Occupancy category

All buildings must be assigned an occupancy

category in accordance with Table 1604.5.

OC I – Low hazard buildings and buildings not

intended for human occupancy.

OC II – Ordinary buildings that are not OC I, III

or IV.

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Section 1604

General Design Requirements

Occupancy category (continued)

OC III – High-occupancy assembly buildings,

schools, colleges, jails, prisons and

buildings with an occupant load great than

5,000.

OC IV – Essential facilities, emergency operations

centers, hospitals, police and fire stations;

buildings containing highly toxic materials

and buildings critical to national defense.

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of Buildings and Other Structures

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of Buildings and Other Structures

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Wind Importance Factor

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Seismic Importance Factor

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Types of Loads

Dead load

Live (floor) load

Vertical Gravity Roof live load

Rain load

Snow load

Soil pressure Soil pushing against a foundation wall

Wind pressure Wind blowing against a wall surface

Lateral

Earthquake ground Inertial shear force caused by

motion earthquake ground motion

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Symbols

L = Live load, except roof live load, pressures and maximum heights

including any permitted live load Fa = Flood load

reduction H = Load due to lateral earth pressures,

Lr = Roof live load including any ground water pressure, or pressure of bulk

permitted live load reduction materials

R = Rain load T = Self-straining force arising from

S = Snow load contraction or expansion resulting from

temperature change, shrinkage, moisture

W = Load to wind pressure change, creep in component materials,

E = Combined effect of horizontal and movement due to differential settlement or

vertical earthquake induced forces combinations thereof

Em = Maximum seismic load effect of

horizontal and vertical seismic forces

loads are environmental loads.

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Section 1607

Live Loads

Roof Live load, Lr

Roof live load reduction (Section 1607.11.2)

Roof live load reduction applies to:

– Flat, pitched and curved roofs

– 0.96 kN/m2 basic roof live load, Lo

– Reducible from 0.96 to 0.58 kN/m2,

shall NEVER be less than 0.58 kN/m2

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Section 1607

Live Loads

Roof live load reduction (Section 1607.11.2)

Lr = Lo R1 R2

Reduction method is based on:

– Tributary area, At (R1 factor)

R1 = 1.0 when At ≤ 18.58 m2

R1 = 1.2 – 0.011 At when 18.58 m2 < At < 55.74 m2

R1 = 0.6 when At ≥ 55.74 m2

– Pitch of roof, F:12 (R2 factor)

R2 = 1.0 when F ≤ 4 (33.33% slope, F = 4 = 0.12 x 33.33)

R2 = 1.2 – 0.05 F when 4 < F < 12

R2 = 0.6 when F ≥ 12 (100% slope, F = 12 = 0.12 x 100)

For an arch or dome, F = 32 times ―the rise-to-span ratio‖

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Section 1607

Live Loads

1. General live load reduction method of

Section 1607.9.1.

2. Alternate floor live load reduction

method in Section 1607.9.2.

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Section 1607

Live Loads

General live load reduction (Section 1607.9.1)

Members for which a value of KLLAT is 37.16 m2 or

more are permitted to be designed for a reduced live

load in accordance with Equation 16-22:

L ≥ 0.4 Lo for member supporting ≥ 2 floors

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Section 1607

Live Loads

(Section 1607.9.2)

Live loads that do not exceed 4.79 kN/m2 may

be reduced on any structural member supporting

13.94 m2 according to Equation 16-23:

R = 0.861 (A - 13.94)

Note restrictions listed.

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Section 1607

Live Loads

R = 0.861 (A-13.94)

1. 40% for horizontal members.

2. 60% for vertical members.

3. R = 23.1(1 + D/L0) where R is in percent.

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Section 1609

Wind Load

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Section 1609

Wind Loads

The wind load provisions are for wind due to

thunderstorm activity and hurricanes, NOT

winds in the path of tornadoes.

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Section 1609

Wind Loads

Thunderstorms and Hurricanes

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ASCE 7-05

Wind Load Provisions

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2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

ASCE 7-05

Wind Load Provisions

and Components and Cladding (C&C)

(ASCE 7, Section 6.2):

Main Wind-Force-Resisting System (MWFRS).

Components and Cladding (C&C).

both MWFRS and C&C.

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Wind Load Provisions

An assemblage of structural elements assigned to

provide support and stability for the overall structure.

The system generally receives wind loading from

more than one surface.

Components and Cladding: Elements of the

building envelope that do not qualify as part of

MWFRS

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Topographic Effects

Section 6.5.7.1 Wind Speed-Up Effects

Wind speed-up effects shall be included in the design

when:

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Topographic Effects

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Topographic Effects

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Topographic Effects

Kzt spreadsheet developed by Mark Chang

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ASCE 7-05

Wind Load Provisions

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Simplified Procedure for MWFRS

Main wind-force-resisting system (ASCE 7,

Section 6.4.2.1)

ps = λ Kzt I pS30

Where:

λ = Adjustment factor for building height and exposure from Figure 6-2 of

ASCE 7.

I = Importance factor from Table 6-1 of ASCE 7.

pS30 = Simplified design wind pressure for Exposure B, at h = 30 feet

and for I = 1.0 from Figure 6-2 of ASCE 7.

Kzt = Topographic factor as defined in Section 6.5.7 evaluated at mean

roof height, h.

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Velocity Pressure

Exposure Coefficient

Topographic Factor

Directionality Factor

Importance Factor

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MWFRS - Rigid Building of All Heights

Internal Pressure Coefficient

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Method 3 - Wind Tunnel Procedure

Architectural Issues

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Wind Tunnel Tests

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Wind Tunnel Tests

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Section 1609.1.1.2.1

Lower Limits of Wind Tunnel Tests

Base overturning moments determined from wind

tunnel testing shall be limited to no less than 80% of the

design base overturning moment determined in accordance

with Section 6.5 of ASCE 7, unless ….

The design pressure for

components and cladding

on walls or roofs shall be

selected as the greater of

the wind tunnel test results

or 80% of the pressure

obtained for Zone 4 for

walls and Zone 1 for roofs

as determined Section 6.5 of ASCE 7, unless….

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2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

2009 IBC

Wind Load Provisions

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All-Heights Wind Design Method

Basis

The basis of the alternate wind design procedure is

accomplished by combining terms in the design pressure

formulas of Method 2 - Analytical Procedure to produce a

pressure coefficient Cnet that is provided in a new Table

1609.6.2(2) in the IBC:

p = q G Cp - qi (G Cpi) qz = 0.613 Kz Kzt Kd V 2 I

pnet = 0.613 Kz Kzt Kd V 2 I [GCp - (GCpi)]

Let qs = 0.613 V 2

Let Cnet = Kd [GCp - (GCpi)]

Then pnet = qs Kz Cnet (IKzt) (Equation 16-34)

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Wind Load Provisions

Photo taken on

Sept. 14, 2008

Hurricane Ike:

50 m/s winds

and estimated

5-meter storm

surge.

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Section 1613

Earthquake Loads

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Section 1613

Earthquake Loads

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Section 1613

Earthquake Loads

earthquake motions

89

Section 1613

Earthquake Loads

Key elements:

Occupancy Category – Table 1604.5.

Seismic Importance Factor, I – ASCE 7-05,

Table 11.5-1.

Ground motion maps – Abu Dhabi Amendments.

Site Class (A - F).

Seismic Design Category (SDC A - F).

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Section 1613

Earthquake Loads

Spectral

response

acceleration

map, for

Ss at 0.20 sec.

91

Section 1613

Earthquake Loads

Spectral

response

acceleration

map, for

S1 at 1.0 sec.

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Section 1613

Earthquake Loads

Long-Period

Transition

Period,

TL = 8 seconds.

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Section 1613

Earthquake Loads

The good stuff:

Site Class A – Hard rock

Site Class B – Rock

Site Class C – Very dense soil & soft rock

Site Class D – Stiff soil

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Section 1613

Earthquake Loads

The not-so-good stuff:

Site Class E – Soft soil

Site Class F – Bad soil, possible liquifaction

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Section 1613

Earthquake Loads

Site coefficients (Fa) and adjusted maximum

considered earthquake spectral response

acceleration parameters (Section 1613.5.3)

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Section 1613

Earthquake Loads

Site coefficients (Fv) and adjusted maximum

considered earthquake spectral response

acceleration parameters (Section 1613.5.3)

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2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

Section 1613

Earthquake Loads

parameters (Section 1613.5.3)

SMS = Fa Ss

SM1 = Fv S1

Design spectral response acceleration

parameters (Section 1613.5.4)

SDS = 2/3 SMS

SD1 = 2/3 SM1

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Section 1613

Earthquake Loads

Determine Seismic Design Category A through D

based upon SDS using Table 1613.5.6(1).

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Section 1613

Earthquake Loads

Determine Seismic Design Category A through D

based upon SD1 using Table 1613.5.6(2).

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Site Class Mapped Spectral Response

City of Abu Dhabi D Ss = 0.59 S1 = 0.18

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Earthquake Load Provisions

Important Elements

for Determining Seismic Base Shear:

Seismic Design Category of the building site: A, B, C, D, E, F ?

Long-Period Transition Period: TL

Fundamental Period of the structure: T

Importance Factor: I

Structure Response Modification Coefficient: R

Effective Seismic Weight, W

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ASCE 7-05

Earthquake Load Provisions

―Short Stiff‖ buildings

―Longer Period‖

(High-rise Buildings)

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Analysis Procedure Selection

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ASCE 7-05

Earthquake Load Provisions

Maximum SS for CS (ASCE 7, Section 12.8.1.3)

– Regular structures less than 5 stories and T ≤

0.5 sec., Cs may be determined using Ss = 1.5.

Vertical distribution of seismic forces (ASCE 7,

Section 12.8.3).

w hk k = 1 when T ≤ 0.5,

Fx CvxV C vx x x k k = 2 when T ≥ 2.5,

wh

Overturning when 0.5 < T < 2.5,

n

interpolate k btwn 1 & 2

M x Fi hi hx or k = 2

ix

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ASCE 7-05

Earthquake Load Provisions

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Diaphragm Flexibility

Flexible vs. Rigid:

for the purpose of distribution of story shear and torsional moment.

Assume rigid

(Section 1602.1)

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Horizontal Irregularity

See Table 12.3-1

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Vertical Irregularity

See Table 12.3-2

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Redundancy

ASCE 7-05’s approach:

We want redundancy (multiple elements)

Use multiple smaller baskets

or

Make the basket stronger

Either a building is redundant or it is not, i.e.

ρ = 1.0 or 1.3

Building size doesn’t matter.

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Seismic Load Effect

The seismic load effect, E, shall be

determined in accordance with the following:

1. E = Eh + Ev (12.4-1)

when seismic effect and gravity loads are in

the same direction.

2. E = Eh - Ev (12.4-2)

when seismic effect and gravity loads are in

the opposite direction.

where

Eh = effect of horizontal seismic forces as defined in Section 12.4.2.1

Ev = effect of vertical seismic forces as defined in Section 12.4.2.2

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Horizontal Seismic Load Effect

The horizontal seismic load effect, Eh , shall be

determined in accordance with Eq. 12.4-3 as follows:

Eh = ρ QE (12.4-3)

where

QE = effects of horizontal seismic forces from V or Fp .

Where required in Sections 12.5.3 and 12.5.4,

such effects shall result from application of

horizontal forces simultaneously in two

directions at right angles to each other.

ρ = redundancy factor, as defined in Section 12.3.4

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

113

Vertical Seismic Load Effect

The vertical seismic load effect, Ev , shall be

determined in accordance with Eq. 12.4-4 as follows:

Ev = 0.2 SDS D (12.4-4)

where

SDS = design spectral response acceleration parameter

at short periods obtained from Section 11.4.4

D = effect of dead load

EXCEPTIONS: The vertical seismic load effect, Ev , is permitted to

be taken as zero for either of the following conditions:

1. In Eqs. 12.4-1, 12.4-2, 12.4-5, and 12.4-6 where SDS is equal to

or less than 0.125.

2. In Eq. 12.4-2 where determining demands on the soil-structure

interface of foundations.

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

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to all types of walls, not just concrete or

masonry walls.

For concrete and masonry walls, 5% of

the portion’s weight, but not be less than

4.09 kN/m.

115

Structural walls and their anchorage

4.09 kN/m of wall (concrete and masonry only)

116

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cantilevered framing members

117

1801 General

1802 Definitions

1803 Geotechnical Investigations

1804 Excavation, Grading and Fill

1805 Dampproofing and Waterproofing

1806 Presumptive Load-bearing

Values of Soils

1807 Foundation Walls, Retaining Walls

and Embedded Posts and Piles

1808 Foundations

1809 Shallow Foundations

1810 Deep Foundations

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

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of foundations, which are now organized in

three general categories:

Shallow foundations (footings).

Deep foundations (piles).

Miscellaneous foundation structures,

such as foundation walls, retaining walls

and embedded poles.

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

119

Seismic Design Categories C through F

For structures in SDC C, a soil

investigation may be required that addresses

potential hazards resulting from earthquake

ground motions:

Slope instability.

Liquefaction.

Differential settlement.

Surface rupture due to faulting or lateral

spreading.

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Seismic Design Categories C through F

For structures in SDC D, E or F, a soil

investigation is required that addresses

potential hazards identified for SDC C

structures, as well as:

Determination of lateral pressures on

foundation and retaining walls.

Potential for liquefaction.

Potential consequences of liquefaction.

Mitigation measures.

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

121

Section 1803.6

Reporting

1. A plot plan showing the location of the soil

investigation.

2. A complete record of the soil boring,

penetration test logs and soil samples.

3. A record of the soil profile.

4. Elevation of the water table, if encountered.

5. Recommendations for foundation type and

design criteria.

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

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Section 1803.6

Reporting

The geotechnical report should include

(continued):

6. Expected total and differential settlement.

7. Deep foundation information.

8. Special design and construction provisions.

9. Compacted fill material properties and

testing.

10. Controlled low-strength materials

properties and testing.

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

123

General:

Section 1704.1, Owner, Owner’s agent or

design professional in responsible charge

acting as owner’s agent shall employ one

or more special inspectors to provide

inspection during construction. (Contractors

cannot hire special inspector)

All Special inspections shall be as per Tables

1704.3 -1704.9

Special Inspections are in addition to required

inspections per section 110

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

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Exceptions

1. Isolated footings for buildings 3 story or less

2. Prescriptive designed continuous concrete footings

supporting light framed construction with 3 stories or

less in height and having f’c of 2500 psi (17.2 Mpa)or

less

3. Non structural SOG, including driveways and sidewalks

4. Prescriptive designed concrete foundation walls

5. Driveways, sidewalks and patios

Reinforcement weldability per ACI except ASTM A 706

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

125

Table 1704.4

126

63

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1901 General

1902 Definitions

1903 Specifications for Tests and Materials

1904 Durability Requirements

1905 Concrete Quality, Mixing and

Placing

1906 Formwork, Embedded Pipes

and Construction Joints

1907 Details of Reinforcement

1908 Modifications to ACI 318

1909 Structural Plain Concrete

1910 Minimum Slab Provisions

1911 Anchorage to Concrete—

Allowable Stress Design

1912 Anchorage to Concrete—Strength Design

1913 Shotcrete

1914 Reinforced Gypsum Concrete

1915 Concrete-filled Pipe Columns

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

127

Section 1901

General

Plain and reinforced concrete

(Section 1901.2)

Referenced standard for

concrete design and

construction

ACI 318M-08, Building Code

Requirements for Structural

Concrete and Commentary

ACI Code and Commentary

128

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Section 1901

General

through 1907

Generally reference ACI 318 Chapters 2

through 7.

Section 1908

NOTE! Section 1908.1.15 contains

amendments to use of plain concrete in

higher seismic risk areas.

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

129

Section 1901

General

Chapter 19 contains requirements for

construction documents that are

applicable to structural concrete

construction in addition to requirements

in Sections 107 and 1603.

Section 1704.4 (Section 1901.5).

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

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Section 1909

Structural Plain Concrete

Limitations (Section 1909.2)

Walls and pedestals.

Member is in compression under all load

conditions.

Not permitted in columns and piles.

IMPORTANT!

– Section 1908.1.8 contains many

amendments to plain concrete restrictions.

131

Anchorage to Concrete

concrete:

Section 1911 – Anchorage to concrete

using allowable stress design (ASD).

Section 1912 – Anchorage to concrete

using load and resistance factor design

(LRFD).

132

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133

2201 General

2202 Definitions

2203 Identification and Protection of

Steel for Structural Purposes

2204 Connections

2205 Structural Steel

2206 Steel Joists

2207 Steel Cable Structures

2208 Steel Storage Racks

2209 Cold-formed Steel

2210 Cold-formed Steel

Light-frame Construction

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Referenced standards:

Specification for Structural Steel

Buildings (AISC 360-05).

Seismic Provisions for

Structural Steel Buildings,

including Supplement No. 1

(AISC 341-05).

AISC 360-05

AISC 341-05

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

135

Section 2205

Structural Steel

Seismic requirements for steel structures

(Section 2205.2)

Seismic Design Category A, B or C

(Section 2205.2.1)

May use AISC 341 and R-value for system

per ASCE 7 Table 12.2-1 and detail

accordingly.

NEED NOT conform to AISC 341, but

R = 3 (high forces, no detailing).

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

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Section 2205

Structural Steel

Seismic requirements for steel structures

(Section 2205.2) (continued)

(Section 2205.2.2)

Required to conform to AISC 341 detailing

requirements for the type of structural

system.

R is from ASCE 7, Table 12.2-1.

2009 IBC® Fundamentals Structural Provisions

137

69

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