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What Are the Impacts of Temperature on Optical Transceivers?

The working temperature of optical transceivers affects all the parameters of optical transceivers.
If the ambient temperature of the optical transceiver changes, the operating current of the
optical transceiver will vary with temperature. At the same time, the parameters of the optical
transceiver change, which affects the normal transmission of optical transceivers. Today, we
mainly talk about the causes of too high or too low temperature on optical transceivers and its
impact.

What Is the Normal Temperature of Optical transceivers?

Because the type and brand of the optical transceiver are complicated, the temperature of
modules corresponding to different optical transceiver temperature levels are different and the
temperature specifications defined by the supplier are different, whether the temperature of
optical transceivers is abnormal or not needs to be considered according to these factors. Before
we use the optical transceiver, it is best to check the vendor's definition of the temperature
profile of the optical transceiver so as to reduce the number of problems caused by abnormal
optical transceiver temperature.

Optical transceiver temperature mainly includes three levels: commercial grade, extended grade,
industrial grade. The following is a detailed description of these three temperatures:

Temperature Grade Abbreviation Temperature Range

Commercial temperature range COM 0 ~ + 70 ℃


Extended temperature range EXT -20 ~ 85 ℃

Industrial temperature range IND -40 ~ 85 ℃

Three Reasons That Affect the Temperature of Optical Transceivers

1. The Poor Quality and Workmanship

If you use the optical transceivers with poor quality and workmanship, then the phenomenon of
abnormal temperature of the optical transceivers is more common. Because the function of such
optical transceivers is instable, heat dissipation is also relatively poor. In order to reduce the
temperature anomaly and unnecessary discard, we advise to use the optical transceivers with
better function, quality and workmanship.

2. The Harsh Application Environment

Optical transceiver operating environment is in the data center, computer room or interchanger.
If the optical transceivers are used in other environments, the change of the ambient
temperature will inevitably change the temperature of the optical transceiver, thereby affecting
its optical power and optical sensitivity. If the application environment of optical transceivers is
harsh, then we advise to select the optical transceivers with industrial temperature or extended
temperature.

3. The Use of Second-hand Optical Transceivers

The temperature of new optical transceivers is usually at 0-70 ° C and many second-hand optical
transceivers are inaccessible. And the second-hand optical transceivers cannot operate normally
in high-temperature or low-temperature conditions. Therefore, we advocate the use of new
optical transceivers.

What Are the Impacts of High or Low Temperature on Optical transceivers?

If the optical transceiver temperature is too high or too low, it will affect the function of the
optical transceiver and make the communication data appear faulty. The optical transceivers will
alarm if its temperature isn’t in the normal range. If the optical transceivers are in a bad situation,
interchangers will send data continuously. The optical transceivers will not send / receive data
from the beginning until it is recovered to normal operation.

1. The Impact of Too High Temperature on Optical Transceivers:

If the operating temperature of optical transceivers is too high, the optical power of optical
transceivers will become larger and the receiving signal will be faulty, and even the optical
transceiver will be burned. As a result, the optical transceivers cannot work normally. In this case,
DDM function should be added. You can select temperature control system for real-time
monitoring and compensation to ensure that the optical transceiver extinction ratio and
luminous power stable, to ensure the normal operation of the optical communication system.

2. The Impact of Too Low Temperature on Optical Transceivers:

Generally speaking, as long as optical transceivers are not exposed to the harsh environment
below 0℃, the temperature will not be too low. It is better not to use the optical transceiver in
the condition of too low temperature, as this may cause the function of the optical transceiver to
be unstable.

How about the Temperature of Gigalight’s Optical Transceivers?

As one of the most top-rated optical transceiver vendors in China, Gigalight complies with the
temperature grade standard that the industry requires, and will meet the customer demand for
temperature. In addition, all optical transceivers will undergo a high and low temperature burn-in
test prior to shipping to test the temperature to ensure the quality of the products.