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10

Circles Properties of chords and arcs. Angle (This topic is not included)

properties. Cyclic quadrilateral.

Tangents to circles and angles in the

alternate segment.

1. Properties of chords

2. Angle Properties

1

Math/CE LQ Ex.10

3. Cyclic quadrilateral

2

Math/CE LQ Ex.10

6. Common Tangent

External Touch

OO’ = OA + OA’

Internal Touch

OO’ = OB–OB’

3

Math/CE LQ Ex.10

Section A

1. In Figure 1, AC is a diameter of the circle. AC = 4 cm and

∠BAC = 30° . Find [CE 97]

(a) ∠BDC and ∠ADB ,

∩ ∩

(b) AB : BC ,

(c) AB : BC .

(You are not required to give reasons.)

at E. [CE 98]

(a) Which triangle is similar to ∆ECD ?

(b) Find y.

Figure 2

AB = BC. Show that BO // CD.

[CE 98]

Figure 3

4. In Figure 4, A, B, C, D are points on a circle and AC is a

diameter. Find x and y.

[CE 99]

Figure 4

and BD intersect at E. Find x and y.

[CE 00]

Figure 5

[CE 01]

4

Math/CE LQ Ex.10

∠BDC = 40° . Find ∠ABD .

[CE 02]

Section B

8. In Figure 8, A, B are the centres of the circles DEC and DFC respectively. ECF is a straight

line. [CE 91]

(a) Prove that triangles ABC and ABD are

congruent.

(b) Let ∠FED = 55° , ∠ACB = 95° .

(i) Find ∠CAB and ∠EFD .

(ii) A circle S is drawn through D

to touch the line CF at F.

(I) Draw a labelled rough

diagram to represent the

above information.

(II) Show that the diameter of

the circle S is 2DF.

∩ ∩

9. In Figure 9, A, B, C, D, E and F are points on a circle such that AD // FE and BCD = AFE .

AD intersects BE at X. AF and DE are produced to meet at Y. [CE 92]

(b) Prove that BA // DE.

(c) Prove that A, X, E, Y are concyclic.

(d) If ∠b = 47° , find ∠f1 , ∠y and ∠x .

5

Math/CE LQ Ex.10

10. Figure 10 shows a semicircle with diameter AD and centre O. The chords AC and BD meet at

P. Q is the foot of the perpendicular from P to AD. [CE 93]

(b) Let ∠BQP = θ . Find, in terms of θ ,

(i) ∠BQC ,

(ii) ∠BOC .

(c) Let ∠CAD = φ . Find ∠CBQ in terms of φ .

11. In Figure 11, A, B, C, D are points on a circle and ABE, GHKE, DJCE, AGDF, HJF, BKCF

are straight lines. FH bisects ∠AFB and GE bisects ∠AED . [CE 94]

(b) Prove that FH ⊥ GK .

(c) (i) If ∠AED = ∠AFB , prove that D, J, H, G are concyclic.

(ii) If ∠AED = 28° and ∠AFB = 46° , find ∠BCD .

6

Math/CE LQ Ex.10

12. In Figure 12.1, AP and AQ are tangents to the circle at P and Q. A line through A cuts the

circle at B and C and a line through Q parallel to AC cuts the circle at R. PR cuts BC at M.

[CE 95]

(i) M, P, A and Q are concyclic;

(ii) MR = MQ.

(b) If ∠PAC = 20° and ∠QAC = 50° , find ∠QPR and ∠PQR .

(You are not required to give reasons.)

(c) The perpendicular from M to RQ meets RQ at H. (See Figure 12.2)

(i) Explain briefly why MH bisects RQ.

(ii) Explain briefly why the centre of the circle lies on the line through M and H.

DA are produced to meet at P. If AB // DC, prove

that AP = BP.

[CE 96]

14. (a) In Figure 14.1, ABC is a triangle right-angled at B. D is a point on AB. A circle is drawn

with DB as a diameter. The line through D and parallel to AC cuts the circle at E. CE is

produced to cut the circle at F. [CE 99]

(i) Prove that A, F, B and C are concyclic.

(ii) If M is the mid-point of AC, explain why MB = MF.

7

Math/CE LQ Ex.10

15. In the figure, C is the centre of the circle PQS. OR and OP are

tangent to the circle at S and P respectively. OCQ is a straight line

and ∠QOP = 30° . [CE 00]

(a) Show that ∠PQO = 30° .

(b) Suppose OPQR is cyclic quadrilateral.

(i) Show that RQ is tangent to circle PQS at Q.

(ii) A rectangular coordinate system is introduced in

Figure 15 so that the coordinates of O and C are (0, 0)

and (6, 8) respectively. Find the equation of QR.

16. In Figure 16, AB is a diameter of the circle ABEG with centre C. The perpendicular from G to

AB cuts AB at O. AE cuts OG at D. BE and OG are produced to meet at F. [CE 02]

Mary and John try to prove OD ⋅ OF = OG 2 by using two different approaches.

(a) Mary takes the problem by first proving that ∆AOD ~ ∆FOB and ∆AOG ~ ∆GOB .

Complete the following tasks for Mary.

(i) Prove that ∆AOD ~ ∆FOB .

(ii) Prove that ∆AOG ~ ∆GOB .

(iii) Using (a)(i) and (a)(ii), prove that OD ⋅ OF = OG 2 .

coordinate system in Figure 16 so that the coordinates of C,

D and F are (c, 0), (0, p) and (0, q) respectively, where c, p

and q are positive numbers. He denotes the radius of the

circle by r.

Complete the following tasks for John.

(i) Express the slopes of AD and BF in terms of c, p, q

and r.

(ii) Using (b)(i), prove that OD ⋅ OF = OG 2 .

8

Math/CE LQ Ex.10

17.

(a) OP is a common tangent to the circles C1 and C2 at the points O and P respectively. The

common chord KM when produced intersects OP at N. R and S are points on KO and KP

respectively such that the straight line RMS is parallel to OP.

(i) By considering triangles NPM and NKP, prove that NP2 = NK⋅NM.

(ii) Prove that RM = MS.

(b) A rectangle coordinate system, with O as the origin, is introduced to (a) so that the

coordinates of P and M are (p, 0) and (a, b) respectively, (see figure (b) ). The straight

line RS meets C1 and C2 again at F and G respectively while the straight lines FO and

GP meet at Q.

(i) Express FG in terms of p.

(ii) Express the coordinates of F and Q in terms of a and b.

(iii) Prove that triangle QRS is isosceles.

[CE 03]

9

Math/CE LQ Ex.10

18.

~ End of Unit 10 LQ ~

10

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