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EEE 482 Introduction to State-Space Methods (3) [F]

Course (Catalog) Description: State-space description and modeling of dynamical systems. System
interconnections, stability, controllability, observability. State-space analysis and design of feedback
systems. State-feedback regulators, observers, dynamical model-based compensators. Pole-
placement methods. Linear quadratic methods. (Lecture.)

Course Type: Elective.

Prerequisite: EEE 303.

Textbook: A.A. Rodriguez, Analysis and Design of Multivariable Control Systems, Control3D.

Supplemental Materials: Class notes, simulation codes distributed by the instructor.

Other Sources: DeRusso, Roy, Close, Desrochers, State Variables for Engineers, Second Edition,
Wiley Inter-Science.

Coordinator: Armando A. Rodriguez, Associate Professor

Prerequisites by Topic:
1. Differential equations
2. Linear Algebra
3. Laplace and Fourier transforms
4. Transfer functions and frequency response
5. Dynamical system descriptions

Course Objective:
1. Students can apply state-space techniques for modeling and control system design

Course Outcomes:
1. Students can use state-space techniques to model linear systems
2. Students understand the concept of stability
3. Students understand the concepts of controllability and observability
4. Students have a practical working knowledge of state-space modeling and control systems
design using computer aided design software packages (e.g. Matlab)

Course Topics:
1. State-space concepts, description of dynamical systems, basic properties
2. Linear algebra review, fundamental subspaces, least-squares problems, eigenvalue-eigenvector
problems, singular value decomposition
3. Modal analysis of dynamical systems
4. Controllability-Observability, Pole-Placement design
5. Separation principle, Design of model based compensators
6. Frequency domain multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) singular value analysis
7. Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR)
8. Kalman Filter, State Estimation
9. Linear Quadratic Gaussian (LQG) control system design
10. Introduction to H-infinity/H-2 control system design
11. Applications to real-world control system design problems
Computer Usage: Matlab, Simulink, Robust Control Toolbox (or other equivalent CAD software) in
homework problems and projects.

Laboratory Experiments: None.

Course Contribution to Engineering Science and Design:


The focus of the course is practical control system design for multivariable dynamical systems.
Students are given many design problems for which there are infinitely many acceptable solutions.
Students use modeling, analysis, and design techniques to meet the design specifications. A variety
of real-world applications are used to convey the main ideas (e.g. robots, aircraft, turbofan engines).

Course Relationship to Program Objectives: (level of support in [.])


A.1 [3] Many real-world design problems require the use of sophisticated multivariable feedback
systems for which modern state-space design techniques are essential (e.g. aircraft, missiles,
distributed temperature control systems). Use of stat-of-the-art CAD software to design, analyze,
and evaluate multivariable control systems.
A.2 [2] Exposure to CAD software tools and computational techniques used in modern control
systems design.
A.3 [1] Exposure to cutting edge research and development in feedback systems.
D.1 [2] Achieved through a modern curriculum, use of examples/problems that are relevant to local
industry, and use of state-of-the-art CAD software.
D.2 [2] Same reasoning as D.1.
E.1 [2] Achieved through the assignment of problems that are infeasible or possess multiple
solutions and require a sense of context for their resolution.
E.2 [2] A modeling section in the course discusses examples of model derivation from first
principles, for use in feedback control systems design.
E.3 [3] Control system theory is applicable to an broad range of problems (EE as well as other
engineering disciplines). This is achieved by translating the physical problem using abstract
mathematical concepts into a rigorous formulated mathematical problem that may be addressed
using a variety of tractable techniques. The tools developed throughout the course enhance physical
understanding of processes and systems through quantitative mathematical analysis.
E.4 [3] Extensive use of stae-of-the-art CAD software in homework and project(s).
E.5 [3] Through the combination of A.2, E.2, E.3.

Person preparing this description and date of preparation: Armando A. Rodriguez, Apr. 2003.