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ABSTRACT

Water scarcity has long been a problem that the world’s trying to solve. Human population is
increasing exponentially while the Earth’s water supply remains the same. 70% of Earth is made of
water, with an estimated 97.5% being saltwater and 2.5% being fresh water. As it is, seawater is not
consumable and requires further processing to allow consuming referred as desalination. Desalination
itself requires time and complex methods. What can we do to eliminate the complexity of
desalination? The answer is by using graphene-based water filter. Grapene is a thin layer of carbon
arranged in a hexagonal lattice. It has extraordinary properties of tensile strength comparable to
diamond and electrical conductivity better than copper, which have made it as a promising futuristic
material. One application is using graphene as water filter. By making small nano holes in the
membrane, it allows water to pass through the graphene water filter and leaves the salt behind. Using
this method, no other steps such as heating the seawater or condensing are required. The product of
this is pure H2O without impurities, because it has a smaller molecular size compared to salt. By using
this graphene based water filter, we can eliminate water scarcity problem and provide drinkable water
with minimal energy.

DESCRIPTION

Graphene is a thin layer of carbon arranged in a hexagonal lattice. It has extraordinary properties of
tensile strength comparable to diamond and electrical conductivity better than copper. It consists of
a single layer of carbon atoms, thus allowing for flexibility. Graphene has is one of the promising future
materials. Graphene-based water filter is a mesh made of graphene that will desalinate seawater with
minimal energy. By making small nano holes in size of H2O molecule in the graphene mesh, it will allow
only the water to pass and leaves the salt behind. Through this method, desalination process can be
done efficiently with minimum energy required.