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DEPARTMENT OF

ELECTRONICS AND INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERING

QUESTION BANK

VI SEMESTER

EI6602–Process Control

Regulation – 2013

Prepared by

VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE

SRM Nagar, Kattankulathur – 603 203.

QUESTION BANK

SUBJECT :EI6602 –PROCESS CONTROL

SEM / YEAR : VI Semester / III Year EIE

Need for process control – Mathematical model of Flow, Level, Pressure and Thermal processes –

Interacting and non-interacting systems – Degrees of freedom – Continuous and batch processes – Self

regulation – Servo and regulatory operations – Lumped and Distributed parameter models – Heat

exchanger – CSTR – Linearization of nonlinear systems.

PART - A

Level

1. What is non-self regulation? Give an example. BTL 1 Remember

2. Any process can exhibit self regulation, Yes/No. Justify. BTL 5 Evaluate

3. What are the input and output variable for continuous and batch BTL 1 Remember

process?

4. Compare continuous process and batch process. BTL 2 Understand

5. Differentiate servo and regulatory operations with example. BTL 2 Understand

6. Define controlled variable, manipulated variable and load variable in BTL 1 Remember

process control.

7. Define degrees of freedom. BTL 1 Remember

8. Write the different mathematical models used in process control. BTL 1 Remember

9. List down key objectives of process control. BTL 1 Remember

10. Generalize the list of control variables in Heat Exchanger and CSTR. BTL 6 Create

11. A tank operating at 10 ft head, 5 lpm outflow through a valve and BTL 4 Analyze

has a cross section area of 10 sq. ft. Evaluate the time constant.

12. Classify systems based on their interacting levels and give example. BTL 3 Apply

13. Outline the need for mathematical model. BTL 2 Understand

14. Illustrate the second order system using its general form of transfer BTL 3 Apply

function.

15. Discuss the need for process automation. BTL 2 Understand

16. Point out the significance of "degree of freedom". BTL 4 Analyze

17. Examine the need for servo operation. BTL 3 Apply

18. Categorize the ways to obtain the mathematical modeling of higher BTL 5 Evaluate

order process.

19. Illustrate the steps involved in linearizing the nonlinear systems. BTL 4 Analyze

20. How lumped and distributed systems are developed? BTL 6 Create

PART – B

1. Derive the transfer function H(s)/Q(s) for the liquid level system BTL 1 Remember

shown below when

(a) The tank level operates about the steady-state value of hs = 1 ft.

(b) The tank level operates about the steady-state value of hs = 3 ft.

The pump removes water at a constant rate of 10 cfm (cubic feet per

minute); this rate is independent of head. The cross-sectional area of

the tank is 1.0 ft2 and the resistance R is 0.5 ft/cfm. (13)

2. Derive the transfer functions H2(s)/Q(s) and H3(s)/Q(s) for the three- BTL 1 Remember

tank system shown below, where H2, H3 and Q are deviation

variables. Tank 1 and Tank 2 are interacting. (13)

3. Derive the mathematical model for the given process C1, C2 BTL 1 Remember

capacitances of the tank I and tank II respectively, h1, h2 and A1, A2

heights of liquid level and areas of the tanks tank I and tank II

respectively, q1, q2 inflow and outflow of tank I and q3 is the outflow

of tank II. (13)

4. Evaluate the material balance equation for the two tank hybrid system BTL 5 Evaluate

shown below and determines the transfer functions h1(s) / F1(s) and

h2(s) / F2(s) (13)

5. Differentiate the following with the help of suitable examples: BTL 2 Understand

(i) Servo and Regulatory operations. (7)

(ii) Interacting and Non-interacting processes. (6)

6. Obtain the mathematical model of a process comprising two non- BTL 3 Apply

interacting tanks. Assume that the area of cross section of tank 1 is

A1 ft2 and tank 2 is A2 ft2. The inlet flow to tank 1 and tank 2 is F1

and F2 ft3/min respectively and outflow of tank 2 is F3 ft3/min. The

level of liquid in tank 1 and tank 2 are h1 and h2 respectively. (13)

7. (i) Obtain the mathematical model of first order thermal process. BTL 3 Apply

(7)

(ii) For the above thermal process, identify the process variables,

BTL 1 Remember

including the disturbance variable and obtain the degrees of

freedom of the process. (6)

8. (i) Distinguish between the continuous and batch process with the BTL 2 Understand

help of neat diagram. (7)

(ii) Give the merits and demerits of the continuous and batch process.

(6)

9. (i) Describe with neat diagrams the CSTR and its characteristics in BTL 1 Remember

detail. (7)

(ii) Discuss the instrumentation and controls in CSTR. (6) BTL 2 Understand

10. (i) Explain heat exchanger with a neat sketch. (7) BTL 4 Analyze

(ii) Explain the instrumentation and controls in Heat Exchanger. (6)

11. (i) Discuss the need for mathematical modeling. (6) BTL 2 Understand

(ii) Obtain the mathematical model of a first order pneumatic BTL 3 Apply

process. (7)

12. (i) What is inverse response? Explain the inverse response noticed BTL 4 Analyze

in level control of feed water in boiler. (6)

(ii) Explain the self-regulation process with an example. (7)

13. Develop a mathematical model for the system shown in figure. BTL 6 Create

Assume that the effluent stream from a tank is proportional to the

hydrostatic liquid pressure that causes the flow of liquid. Cross-

sectional area of tank 1 is A1 (ft2) and of tank 2 is A2(ft2). The flow

rates F1, F2, F3are in ft2/min. take necessary assumptions. (13)

14. Explain any one method for linearization of non-linear system with BTL 4 Analyze

example. (13)

PART – C

1. A temperature having a time constant of 0.5 min is placed in a BTL 5 Evaluate

temperature bath and after thermometer is placed in the temperature

bath the temperature comes to equilibrium the temperature of the bath

Ti increased linearly at the rate of 10 C/ min. what is the difference

between the indicated and bath temperature. (15)

(a) 0.25 min after the changes in temperature begins

(b) 3 min after the changes in temperature begins

2. Develop a jacketed coolers as a multi capacity process with BTL 6 Create

appropriate block diagram. (15)

3. Develop a continuous stirred tank reactor with cooling socket and BTL 6 Create

explain the operation. (15)

4. Explain storage-vessel control of continuous process. (15) BTL 5 Evaluate

UNIT II - CONTROL ACTIONS

Characteristic of on-off, proportional, single speed floating, integral and derivative controllers – P+I,P+D

and P+I+D control modes – Electronic PID controller – Auto/manual transfer - Reset windup – Practical

forms of PID Controller.

PART – A

Level

1. Why the minimum output of an electronic controller is 4 mA and not BTL 1 Remember

0 mA?

2. Write the advantages of I and D control actions. BTL 3 Apply

3. Design an electronic ON-OFF controller, which provides an output BTL 6 Create

of 5 V, when the temperature measured by a J-type thermocouple is

equal to or greater than 250 0C. Otherwise the controller output

should be 0 V. The sensitivity of the thermocouple is 40µV / 0C. Also

draw the circuit diagram.

4. What is the need for integral action in P.I. controller BTL 1 Remember

5. Compare P, I and D controller. BTL 2 Understand

6. What is the importance of bias term in a controller? BTL 1 Remember

7. Define differential gap. Why is it introduced in a process? BTL 2 Understand

8. Identify two parameters of ON-OFF controller. BTL 1 Remember

9. Develop the open loop response of an inverse response process when BTL 6 Create

excited with unit step Input.

10. Define neutral zone in ON-OFF controller. BTL 1 Remember

11. Discuss integral windup and Anti reset windup. BTL 2 Understand

12. Examine about single speed floating control. BTL 3 Apply

13. Derivative controls cannot be used alone. Justify your answer. BTL 5 Evaluate

14. Point out the dead time with block diagram. BTL 4 Analyze

15. Illustrate auto/manual transfer in controller. BTL 4 Analyze

16. Summarize the advantages and disadvantages of 2-position control. BTL 5 Evaluate

17. Analyze why derivative mode of control is not recommended for a BTL 4 Analyze

noisy process?

18. Justify the need for auto/manual transfer in Industrial PID controller. BTL 2 Understand

19. Calculate the ri and rf values for an electronic P-controller with a BTL 3 Apply

proportional gain 5.

20. Define reset time. BTL 1 Remember

PART – B

1. (i) Obtain the response of P,PI,PID controller for a step change in BTL 3 Apply

input. (7)

(ii) Illustrate the need and benefit of each component of composite

PID controller. (6)

2. (i) With a neat block diagram, explain the functioning of a BTL 4 Analyze

pneumatic PD controller. (7)

(ii) Describe about pneumatic controller to realize proportional and BTL 2 Understand

integral control action. (6)

3. (i) Discuss about the characteristics of on-off control and the effect BTL 2 Understand

of differential gap of ON-OFF controller. (7)

(ii) How to avoid bumbles transfer and reset windup? (6) BTL 4 Analyze

4. (i) Explain about single speed floating control in detail. (6) BTL 4 Analyze

(ii) Describe the working of P+I+D pneumatic controller with neat BTL 1 Remember

sketch. (7)

5. (i) Discriminate when an on-off controller is recommended? How its BTL 5 Apply

performance affected by process dead time. (7)

(ii) Enumerate the characteristics of ON-OFF control. (6) BTL 1 Remember

6. (i) A PID controller has a constant input of 1 V. The proportional BTL 4 Analyze

gain is 2, integral gain is 0.1 sec-1 and derivative gain is 0.1 sec.

Find the output of the controller for the first 10 secs and sketch

its response. (8)

(ii) Explain why derivative and integral control is not separately BTL 2 Understand

recommended for any application. (5)

7. (i) Discuss the factors involved in the selection of parameters of BTL 2 Understand

ON/OFF controller. (5)

(ii) A PI controller has proportional band of 20% and integral time of BTL 5 Evaluate

10 seconds. For a constant error of 5%. Evaluate the controller

output after 10 seconds. The controller offset is 25%. (8)

8. Find the response of P, I, D, PI, PD, PID controllers for the following BTL 4 Analyze

ramp input r(t) = 0.5t. Given KP = 2 %/%, KI = 1%/% sec-1, KD =

0.1%/% sec. (13)

9. A PID controller has KP = 5, KI = 0.7sec-1, KD = 0.5 sec and PI(0) = BTL 1 Remember

20%. Plot the controller output for an error input as shown in fig. (13)

10. A PI controller has KP = 5, KI = 1sec-1 and PI(0) = 20%. Plot the BTL 1 Remember

controller output for an error input as shown in figure. (13)

11. Describe the electronic circuit for realizing the P, PD, PID controller BTL 1 Remember

modes. (13)

12. (i) Design an electronic PI controller with PB=50% and Ti=0.5min. BTL 6 Create

(7)

(ii) Discuss the reset windup problem and explain any one scheme

BTL 2 Understand

to avoid the same. (6)

13. (i) Design an electronic PI controller with PB = 50% and Ti = BTL 6 Create

0.5min. (7)

(ii) Describe electronic controller to realize Proportional and Integral BTL 2 Understand

control actions with neat sketch. (6)

14. Compare the practical forms of P, I and D controllers available BTL 3 Apply

commercially. (13)

PART – C

1. Develop a pneumatic PI controller and explain its functions. (15) BTL 6 Create

2. Explain the representation of feedback controller for various BTL 5 Evaluate

processes. (15)

3. Develop an electronic PI controller with proportional gain = 10 and BTL 6 Create

integral gain = 0.1 s-1 (15)

4. Explain the basic hardware components of process control system. BTL 5 Evaluate

(15)

UNIT III - FINAL CONTROL ELEMENTS

I/P converter - Pneumatic and electric actuators – Valve Positioner – Control Valves – Characteristicof

Control Valves:- Inherent and Installed characteristics – Modeling of pneumatic control valve –

Valvebody:-Commercial valve bodies – Control valve sizing – Cavitation and flashing – Selection criteria.

PART – A

Level

1. Give the functions of an actuator and list different types of actuators. BTL 2 Understand

2. What is range ability of a control valves? BTL 1 Remember

3. Design the size coefficient of a fully open 3 inch valve has flow rate BTL 6 Create

of water is 150gpm, at a differential pressure of 6 PSI.

4. Mention the functions of valve positioner. BTL 3 Apply

5. Classify the different types of process parameters to be considered in BTL 3 Apply

selection of control valves.

6. Summarize the factors to be considered in control valve sizing. BTL 5 Evaluate

7. Differentiate flashing and cavitation in a control valve. BTL 2 Understand

8. Analyze why equal percentage valve is mostly used in process BTL 4 Analyze

industries?

9. Why installed characteristics of a control valve is different from BTL 4 Analyze

inherent characteristics?

10. Mention the use of electrical actuators. BTL 3 Apply

11. Brief the role of I/P converter. BTL 1 Remember

12. Discuss “quick opening” control valve. BTL 2 Understand

13. Define Control Valve sizing. BTL 1 Remember

14. Point out the function of control valve in a flow control system. BTL 4 Analyze

15. Why an equal percentage valve is called as “equal percentage” valve? BTL 1 Remember

16. What is an electric actuator? BTL 1 Remember

17. Compare pneumatic and electric actuators. BTL 5 Evaluate

18. State the characteristics of control valve. BTL 1 Remember

19. A valve with a Cv rating of 4.0 is used to throttle the flow of glycerine BTL 6 Create

for which G = 1.26. Develop the maximum flow rate through the

valve for a pressure drop of 100 psi.

20. Draw the inherent valve characteristics of an equal percentage valve. BTL 2 Understand

PART – B

1. (i) Explain the operation of spring actuator with positioner and BTL 4 Analyze

without positioner. (7)

(ii) With neat sketch explain the principle of Current to Pressure

converter. (6)

2. (i) What is the need for a valve positioner? (4) BTL 1 Remember

(ii) List the factors that decide the lag in a pneumatic transmission BTL 1 Remember

line. (4)

(iii) Explain with neat sketches the construction and salient features BTL 2 Understand

of butterfly and ball valves. (5)

3. (i) Describe the working of a pneumatic actuator with positioner. (7) BTL 1 Remember

(ii) Explain flow-lift characteristics of a control valve and explain BTL 4 Analyze

why the flow-lift characteristics of a control valve change after

installation of the valve in a pipeline? (6)

4. For a linear control valve installed in the flow system for handling BTL 5 Evaluate

water at 50C, having the following data where pipe length is 50ft,

inside pipe diameter is 1.0 inch, density of water is 62.4 lb/ft3,

viscosity of water is 1.5 cp, valve coefficient is 3.5, total pressure

drop is 50 psi, flow rate is 40 gpm. Evaluate the pressure drop across

the valve and flow through wide open valve. Assume fanning friction

factor as 0.005. (13)

5. Design a pneumatic actuated control valve with and without BTL 6 Create

positioner and explain its working. (13)

6. (i) Examine the principle and working of flapper nozzle BTL 1 Remember

arrangement. (7)

(ii) Describe the construction and working of a Solenoid. (6)

7. Describe sliding stem control valves .Discuss in detail about control BTL 2 Understand

valve sizing. (13)

8. (i) Explain the basic types of valves. Elaborate the selection of BTL 3 Apply

valves for different applications. (7)

(ii) Explain the inherent and installed characteristics of valves. (6)

9. (i) With the necessary diagram, explain the characteristics of control BTL 4 Analyze

valve. (7)

(ii) Describe the steps to be followed for control valve sizing. (6) BTL 1 Remember

10. (i) With a neat diagram, explain the functioning of a valve BTL 4 Analyze

positioner. What are the advantages of using the same? (7)

(ii) Explain Cavitation in control valves. (6)

11. (i) When are single seated and double seated valves used? List and BTL 2 Understand

compare their advantages and disadvantages. (7)

(ii) Write down the flow equation of an equal percentage valve and BTL 3 Apply

sketch its characteristics. (6)

12. (i) Point out the factors involved in selection of control valve. (7) BTL 4 Analyze

(ii) List the different types of valves that are commercially used and BTL 1 Remember

explain any two in detail. (6)

13. (i) A double seated valve is used in a system for liquid flowing at a BTL 3 Apply

maximum rate of 10 gpm. Its specific gravity being 0.9 and

viscosity 36,000 cp. The drop across the valve is 1 psi. Obtain the

valve size. (7)

(ii) Describe about Flashing in control valves. (6) BTL 1 Remember

14. Describe the working of an electric actuator with neat diagram. (13) BTL 1 Remember

PART – C

1. Explain commercial valve body having different types of valve with BTL 5 Evaluate

appropriate diagram. (15)

2. A

A heating furnace requires a control valve passing 10 gpm preheaded BTL 5 Evaluate

light fuel oil (sp. Gr = 0.8) at full load and only 0.2 gpm at the smallest

heating load. The pressure differential at wide open is 20 psi. The

source pressure is constant at 50 psi gage, but there is 10 psi drop in

the oil preheater and 20 psi drop at the furnace burner nozzles.

Determine the valve size. (15)

3. Design a programmed adaptive control system with gain scheduling BTL 6 Create

adaptive control unit as an example. (15)

4. Design a black box model approach type adaptive control system BTL 6 Create

with neat sketch. (15)

UNIT IV - CONTROLLER TUNING

Evaluation criteria – IAE, ISE, ITAE and ¼ decay ratio - Tuning:- Process reaction curve

method,Continuous cycling method and Damped oscillation method – Determination of optimum settings

for mathematically described processes using time response and frequency response approaches –Auto

tuning.

PART - A

BT

Q.No Questions Competence

Level

1. Assess the use of evaluation criteria in controller tuning. BTL 5 Evaluate

2. Define ultimate gain and auto tuning. BTL 1 Remember

3. What are ITAE and when to go for it? BTL 1 Remember

4. State the Zeigler Nichols closed loop tuning formula. BTL 1 Remember

5. Formulate the tuning criteria for continuous cycling method. BTL 6 Create

6. Name any two performance criteria. BTL 1 Remember

7. Distinguish between Z-N and C-C methods of tuning. BTL 2 Understand

8. Define One-quarter decay ratio. BTL 1 Remember

9. Give the satisfactory control for gas pressure process. BTL 2 Understand

10. Distinguish between IAE and ISE. BTL 2 Understand

11. What performance criterion should be used for the selection and BTL 3 Apply

tuning of controllers?

12. Draw the Process reaction curve for first order system with transport BTL 3 Apply

lag.

13. Write the tuning criteria for Damped Oscillation method. BTL 3 Apply

14. Point out the parameters required to design a best controller. BTL 4 Analyze

15. Analyze the need for controller tuning. BTL 4 Analyze

16. Define Integral of Time weighted Absolute Error (ITAE) and Integral BTL 1 Remember

of Square Error (ISE).

17. Give the precautions to take in applying the Z-N method. BTL 2 Understand

18. Why is it necessary to choose controller settings that satisfy both gain BTL 5 Evaluate

margin and phase margin? Justify.

19. Formulate the Cohen Coon controller settings for PID controller. BTL 6 Create

20. Point out the satisfactory control for temperature process. BTL 4 Analyze

PART - B

1. (i) Discuss in detail about damped oscillation method. (7) BTL 2 Understand

(ii) Explain the basis of selection of type of controller for various

processes. (6)

2. (i) Illustrate the process of tuning feedback controller using process BTL 4 Analyze

reaction curve method. (7)

(ii) Write short notes on ISE and IAE. (6)

3. (i) How controllers are tuned based on frequency response methods? BTL 4 Analyze

(7)

𝑒 −0.5𝑠

(ii) Give optimum controller settings for the model G(s) =

4𝑠+1

obtained by Reaction curve method. (6)

4. (i) What are the drawbacks of process reaction curve method? How BTL 1 Remember

to overcome it? (7)

(ii) Describe controller tuning using continuous oscillation

technique. (6)

5. Briefly explain the Zeigler-Nicholas closed loop method of controller BTL 5 Evaluate

tuning. (13)

6. (i) Examine ¼ decay ratio criteria with example. (7) BTL 3 Apply

(ii) Write short notes on time response method of controller tuning.

(6)

7. (i) Enumerate Integral of Time weighted Absolute Error for a simple BTL 1 Remember

system. (6)

(ii) Describe open loop transient response method of tuning. (7)

8. Design and describe the process reaction curve method of controller BTL 6 Create

tuning with appropriate tuning criteria. (13)

9. Discuss the tuning procedure when mathematical model of the BTL 2 Understand

process is available. (13)

10. (i) Write short notes on selection of evaluation criteria. (7) BTL 1 Remember

(ii) Explain the auto tuning method with block diagram. (6)

11. Discuss the procedure for setting controller parameters by using BTL 1 Remember

frequency response method. (13)

12. (i) How is ITAE criterion different form IAE? (5) BTL 4 Analyze

(ii) In an application of ZN method, a process begins oscillation with

a 30% proportional band in an 11.5 min period. Find the nominal

three mode controller settings. (8)

13. (i) What do mean by optimum controller setting? (5) BTL 3 Apply

(ii) Given the transfer function of the system C(s)/U(s) =1/6s+1 with

5 sec transportation lag. Find the optimum setting using process

reaction curve for

(1) P controller

(2) PI controller

(3) PID Controller. (8)

14. (i) Suggest a method which is more accurate than continuous cycling BTL 2 Understand

method and list out the reasons. (6)

(ii) Discuss the procedure for setting controller parameters by using

time response method. (7)

PART – C

1. Explain how to determine the optimum setting for mathematically BTL 5 Evaluate

described process. (15)

2. Design a PID controller using Auto tuning. (15) BTL 6 Create

3. How is the evaluation criteria selected for a particular application? BTL 6 Create

(15)

4. Evaluate the procedure to tune the PID controller for a higher order BTL 5 Evaluate

system. (15)

Feed-forward control – Ratio control – Cascade control – Inferential control – Split-range

andintroduction to multivariable control – Examples from distillation column and boiler systems – IMC–

Model Predictive Control – Adaptive control – P&ID diagram.

PART – A

Level

1. Identify the input and output variables of distillation column. BTL 1 Remember

2. What is split-range control? BTL 1 Remember

3. Develop the logic used for the implementation of ratio control. BTL 6 Create

4. Discriminate the purpose of cascade control for heat exchangers. BTL 5 Evaluate

5. State the significance of the sizing of control valves. BTL 1 Remember

6. Define IMC controller and multi variable control. BTL 1 Remember

7. Give the advantages of cascade control over conventional control. BTL 2 Understand

8. Sketch any four P&ID symbols of valves. BTL 3 Apply

9. Give an application example that needs ratio control. BTL 2 Understand

10. Differentiate split-range control and selective control. BTL 4 Analyze

11. What is ratio control? Where is it needed? BTL 3 Apply

12. Draw the split range control block diagram. BTL 3 Apply

13. Give the advantages and disadvantages of cascade controller. BTL 2 Understand

14. What are decouplers? BTL 1 Remember

15. Differentiate feedback and feedforward controllers. BTL 4 Analyze

16. How to select secondary controller in a cascade control scheme? BTL 4 Analyze

17. Give an application example that needs ratio control. BTL 5 Evaluate

18. Give the importance of P&ID diagram. BTL 2 Understand

19. Develop the structure of IMC. BTL 6 Create

20. What is the need for inferential control? BTL 1 Remember

PART – B

1. (i) What is split range control? Explain a simple application, where BTL 1 Remember

it is used? (7)

(ii) Describe the implementation of ratio control for a blending

process. (6)

2. What is multivariable control? Explain the three element control in BTL 5 Evaluate

Boilers. (13)

3. Explain the cascade control scheme with a typical example and also BTL 4 Analyze

explain when to use cascade control? (13)

4. (i) Examine inferential control scheme with an example. (7) BTL 1 Remember

(ii) Describe an open loop controller which maintains the ratio of air

and fuel in a boiler system. (6)

5. (i) Discuss with necessary diagram a multi variable control process BTL 2 Understand

using distillation column. (9)

(ii) Discuss the challenges involved in multivariable control. (4)

6. Explain the operation of adaptive control scheme with the help of a BTL 4 Analyze

neat block diagram. (13)

7. (i) Illustrate Model Predictive control scheme with an example. (7) BTL 3 Apply

(ii) Examine the importance of Internal Model Control in process

industries. (6)

8. (i) Demonstrate the concept of feed forward control with the aid of BTL 3 Apply

block diagram. (8)

(ii) Compare feed-forward controller with feedback controller. Also

bring out its merits and demerits. (5)

9. (i) Examine the control schemes for top and bottom products in BTL 1 Remember

binary distillation column. (8)

(ii) List the difficulties involved in controlling multivariable system

from distillation column. (5)

10. What are the main advantages and disadvantages of combining two BTL 2 Understand

controllers in series? For what kind of processes can you employ that?

Explain with neat sketch. (13)

11. An oil furnace is controlled by cascade control system where the inner BTL 6 Create

loop regulates the flow of oil. The inner process is approximated by a

first order one having a lag of 2 sec in which loop measurement lag is

0.5 sec. Assuming the lag to be zero and the outer process lag to be 5

sec, obtain the controller parameters for effectively controlling the

process. The outer loop measurement lag is zero. Compare the results

with the case when the cascade control is not used. (13)

12. (i) Explain the model reference adaptive control with neat sketch.(7) BTL 4 Analyze

(ii) Order the hierarchal level of control in detail with their functions

and interfaces. (6)

13. Draw and discuss the P&ID diagram of the following: BTL 2 Understand

(i) Boiler. (7)

(ii) Distillation column. (6)

14. Describe the functions of IMC with block diagram. (13) BTL 1 Remember

PART – C

1. Explain relative gain array and the methodology to find relative gain BTL 5 Evaluate

array. (15)

2. Design a cascade control system for a distillation column and furnace BTL 6 Create

process. (15)

3. Explain self-tuning regulator and develop a rolling mill system with a BTL 5 Evaluate

self-tuning regulator. (15)

4. Design a temperature control model for batch reactor process. (15) BTL 6 Create

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