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(neutral) conducting sphere of radius R (Fig. 2.49). At the center of each cavity a

point charge is placed-call these charges qa and qb .

a). Find the surface charges ........,......, and .......

b). What is the field outside the conductor?

c). What is the field within each cavity?

d). What is the force on qa and qb?

e). Which of these answers would charge if a third charge, qc, where brought near the

conductor?

gambar

37. Two large metal plates (each of area .....) are held a distance d apart. Suppose we put

a charge Q on each plate; what is the electrostatis pressure on the plates?

38. A metal sphere of radius R carries a total charge Q. What is the force is repulsion

between the “northern” hemisphere and the “shouthern” hemisphere?

39. Find the capacitance per unit length of two coaxial metal cylindrical tubes, of radii .....

and b (Fig. 2. 53).

gambar

40. Suppose the plates of a parallel-plate capacitor move closer together by an

infinitesimal distace........, as a result of their mutual attraction.

a). Us Eq. 2.52 two express the amount of work done by electrostatics forces, in terms

of the field E, and the area of the plates,........

b). Us Eq. 2.46 to express the energy lost by the field i this process.

(This problem is supposed to be easy, but is contains the embryo of an alternative

derivation of Eq. 2.52, using conservation of energy).

41. Find the electric field at a height z above the center of a squere sheet (side ......)

carrying a uniform surface charge.......Check your result for the limiting case

................. and .....................

[Answer : .......................................................]

42. If the electric field in some region is given (in spherical coordinates) by the

expression

...........................................................

Where ........ and B are contants, what is the charge density? [Answer:..................]

43. Find the net force that the southern hemisphere of a uniformly charged sphere exerets

on the northern hemisphere. Express your answer in terms of the radius R and the

total charge Q. [Answer : ...................]

44. An inverted hemispherical bowl of radius R carries a uniform surface charge

density..... find the potential difference between the “north pole” and the center.

[answer..................]

45. A sphere of radius R carries a charge density .....(r) = kr (where k is a constants).

Find the energy of the configuration. Check your answer by calculating it in least two

different ways.[Answer:................]

46. The electric potential of some configuration is given by the expression

..............................

Where .... and...... are contants. Find the electric field E(r), the charge density .....(r),

and the total charge Q.[Answer: ...................]

47. Two ifinitely long wires running parallel to the x exis carry uniform charge density

.......... and .......... (Fig. 2. 54).

a). Find a potential at any point (x,y,z) using the origin as your reference.

b). Show that the equipotential surfaces are circular cylinders, and locate the axis and

radius of the cylinder corresponding to a given potential V0.

48. In a Facuum diode, electrons are “boiled” off a hot cathode,at potential zero, and

accelerated across a gap to the anode, which is heldat positive potential V0 .the cloud

of moving electrons within the gap (called space charge) quickly builds up to the

point where it reduces the field at the surface of the cathode to zero. From then on a

steady current ...... Flows between the plates .

Suppose the plates are large relative to the seperation (................... in Fig. 2.55), so

that edge efects can be neglected. Then V, p , and v (the speed of the electrons )are all

functions of x alone.

Gambar

a). Write poisson’s equation for the region between the plates.

b). Assuming the electrons start from rest at the cathode,what is their speed at point x,

where the potential is V (x).

c). In the steady state, ........is the independet of x . What,then, is the relation between

p and V.

d). Use these there result to obtain a differential equation for V, by eliminating p and

V.

e). Solve this equation for V as a function of x, V0, and d. Plot V(x), and compare it to

the potential without space-charge. Also, find p and v as fuction of x.

f). Show that

.................................................

And find the contant K. (Equation 2.56 is called the Child-Lagmuir law. It holds for

other geometries as well,whenever space-charge limits the current. Notice that the

space-charge limiteddioda is nonlinear – it does not obey ohm’s law.)

49. Imagie that new ad extraodinarily precise measurements have revealed and error in

coulombs law. The actual force of interactio between twopoit charges is found to be.

...............................................................

Where ..... is a new constant of nature (is has dimensios of length,obviously, and is a

huge number – say half the radius of the known universe – so that the correction is

small, which is why noone ever noticed the discrepacy dispore). You are charget with

the task of reformulating electrostatics to accommodate the new discovery. Assume

the principle of superposition still hold.

(a) What is the electric field of a cherge distribution 𝜌 (replacing Eq.2.8)

(b) Does this electric field admit scalar potential? explain briefly how you reached

your conclusion. (no formal proof necessary just a persuasive argument .)

(c) Find thepotential of a point charge q the analog Eq. 2.26. (if you answere to (b)

was “no”, better go back and charge it!) use ...... as your reference point.

(d) For a point charge q at the origin, show that.

...............................................

Where S is the surface, V the volume, of any sphere centered at q.

(e) Show that this result generalizes:

..........................................................

(f)

50.

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