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To restore the natural indigenous biodiversity Establishing a forest stand that will hopefully

to an area it is important that the plant material become self-perpetuating requires staged
used is from local stock, appropriate to the planting of early successional species followed
locality. This practise is referred to as in later years by those requiring sheltered
ecosourcing and entails: establishment. Once an initial nurse cover
• Only planting species within their natural of early species has established, other
geographic and ecological range species will begin to regenerate naturally
• Only using local plant populations for from bird and wind dispersed seed. This
propagation material (local genotypes) self regeneration will be augmented by
• Only planting species within their natural planting of longer lived trees that, because
habitat type of their current scarcity or lack of dispersal
Every plant community is different in its agents, do not have the opportunity to
species composition and each species in regenerate naturally.
that community may differ genetically from
individuals in other areas (different
genotypes). These genetic differences may
cause visible differences in things like leaf Weed control will be critical throughout the
shape and growth form and also affect revegetation process. Initially rank grass
growth rate and disease resistance. Locally will be the main weed competition on open
sourced plants are usually better adapted sites and in later years, invasive woody species
to the local site conditions and consequently will require constant surveillance and control.
will grow better. * Refer to the associated Turitea Planting Guide
for details of preparation, selection, planting,
and maintenance.

For further information, please contact the


Palmerston North City Council, ph (06) 356 8199,
or visit: www.environmentnetwork.org.nz
Green corridors are located on land
owned by a mixture of public
The Manawatu is one of the
most heavily modified Green Corridor projects attempt to restore organisations, private companies and
individuals. Agreement and
ecosystems in New Zealand.
Most of the lowland the Manawatu lowland ecosystem. Projects cooperation between such owners
is the key to success of green
indigenous forest that once
covered the area has been
are a partnership between the City Council, corridor projects.
You do not have to be a landowner
cleared and most of the community groups, and landowners. to make a contribution.
wetlands drained. Participation by any members of
Only a few fragmented the community is welcome and
remnants remain and desirable. There are many ways
these small areas are for individuals or groups to
vulnerable to disturbance become involved. Please contact
and browsing by the Palmerston North City
introduced animals and Council for further information.
invasion by weeds. Private landowners have several
These remnants are too ways to make their property
small, too isolated, and available for green corridors
often have too many through the creation of
predators to be able to esplanade reserves: by legal
sustain populations of easements to the Palmerston
most of our indigenous North City Council; by creating
birds and other esplanade or access strips; by
indigenous wildlife. conservation covenants; or by
Restoration of these donating land that may qualify
areas requires active This will mainly involve clearing weeds and
establishing selected predominantly as future subdivision reserve
management to improve contribution.
the habitat value and indigenous vegetation on the stream banks,
or “riparian margins”. There is a net benefit Any of these options is best done
extend the habitat area. by discussion with the Council
to river environments, including improved
water quality, when riparian margins are to simplify the legal process and
retired from grazing or planted. minimise costs.
Managed riparian buffers can substantially Livestock will need to be fenced
reduce inputs of nutrients and sediment from out of specific areas. Predator
agricultural land, reduce water temperature control will also be required to
The Turitea Stream fluctuations, help stabilise stream banks, and protect certain plant species. Some
project is creating the provide a more natural environment for parts of the corridor will require
model for future Green indigenous aquatic life. Management involves public access. Talk to the Council
Corridors, recognising that maintaining appropriate vegetation and about your particular requirements.
long term, the restricting stock access to rivers and streams.
environmental health of a There is huge potential for using riparian
city does not depend solely plantings of indigenous species as dual-purpose
on its public parks. A areas that provide the above riparian
Green Corridor is protected management benefits as well as wildlife habitat
open space that is managed and corridor linkages to other remnants.
for conservation, landscape Corridor linkages are particularly important for
values, and/or recreation. species that cannot or will not travel over open
The Turitea Stream project pasture (some birds, lizards and many invertebrates).
has involved planning, The Turitea Stream riparian corridor has been planted
implementing and management with a diverse range of eco-sourced indigenous
of a green corridor from the species. Some areas will be left unplanted (i.e. kept
entrance of the City water in mown grass) to provide for passive recreation access
reservoir to where the Stream and views of scenic vistas.
joins the Manawatu River, a
distance of about 12 kilometres.