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Acronym Definition Acronym Definition Acronym Definition

3ROX Three Rivers Optical Exchange ALOS Advanced Land Observation Satellite ARESE ARM (Atmospheric Radiation Measurement) Enhanced Shortwave Experiment

3S Small Satellite System, Suite de Systeme SPOT, SPOT Successor System ALS Aerial (Airborne) Laser Scanning ARGOS Argos Data Collection and Position Location System

A Back to top ALTM Airborne Laser Terrain Mapper ARIN American Registry of Internet Names

AAOE Airborne Antarctic Ozone Experiment ALTMS Airborne Lidar Topographic Mapping System ARISTOTELES Applications and Research Involving Space Technologies Observing The Earths' field from Low

AATSR Advanced Along-Track Scanning Radiometer AM Automated Mapping ARMSAT Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Satellite

ACCESS Advancing Collaborative Connections for Earth System Science program AM/FM Automated Mapping/Facilities Management ARVI Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index

ACL Access Control List AMI Active Microwave Imager AS Access Subgroup (Part of CEOS-WGISS)

ACR Active Cavity Radiometer AMI SAR Active Microwave Imager Synthetic Aperture Radar ASAR Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar

ACRIM Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor AMPR Advanced Microwave Precipitation Radiometer ASAS Advanced Solid-State Array Spectrometer

ACRIMSAT Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor Satellite AMPS Automatic Mapping and Planning System ASC Agence Spatiale Canadienne

ACRS/TLAS Automated Conflict Resolution System/TDRSS Look Angle System AMR Altimetry Microwave Radiometer ASCA Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics

ACSI American Customer Satisfaction Index AMRIR Advanced Medium Resolution Imaging Radiometer ASCAT Advanced Scatterometer

ACTS Advanced Communication Technology Satellite AMS American Meteorological Society ASCIE American Standard Code for Information Exchange

ADC Affiliated Data Center AMSD Adjusted Mapping Support Data ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange

ADEO Advanced Earth Observing Satellite AMSR Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer ASDC Atmospheric Science Data Center

ADEOS Advanced Earth Observing System AMSR-CU Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer - Control Unit ASF Alaska Satellite Facility

ADM Atmospherics Dynamics Mission AMSR-E Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for EOS ASF DAAC Alaska Satellite Facility (ASF) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC)

ADN ASTER Data Network AMSR-SU Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer - Sensor Unit ASFUWG ASF User Working Group

ADRG ARC-Digitized Raster Graphics AMSU Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit ASI Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (Italian Space Agency)

ADS40 Airborne Digital Sensor 40 AMSU-A1 AMSU-A1 Module - Receives V and W Band Frequencies on Channels 3-15 ASM Acquisition Strategy Meeting

ADSL Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line AMSU-A2 AMSU-A2 Module - Receives K and Ka Band Frequencies on Channels 1 & 2 ASO Airborne Snow Observatory

ADURD Archiving, Distribution and User Services Requirements Document AMSU-B Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-B (Earlier MHS, Became HSB) ASP Alaska SAR Processor

AEB Agencia Espacial Brasileira AMTS Advanced Moisture and Temperature Sounder ASTER Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer

AEM-2 Application Explorer Mission-2 ANGe Archive Next Generation ASTGTM ASTER Global DEM

AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer ANOVA Analysis of Variance ATBD Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document

AERONET Aerosol Robotic Network AO Announcement of Opportunity ATDRSS Advanced Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System

AES Atmospheric Environmental Service AOIPS Atmospheric and Oceanographic Image Processing System ATES Alcatel Espace Systems

AESICS ASTER Emergency Scheduling Interface and Control System AOL Airborne Oceanographic Lidar ATLAS Advanced Thermal and Land Applications Sensor

AGI Advanced Global Imager AOS ASTER Operation Segment ATLID ATmospheric LIDar

AGS Alaska Ground Station AOSP Advanced On-Board Signal Processor ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode

AGU American Geophysical Union APAN Asia Pacific Area Network ATMOS Atmospheric Observations Satellite (Trace Molecules Observed by Spectroscopy)

AHAP Alaska High-Altitude aerial Photography APAR Absorbed Photosynthetic Active Radiation ATMS Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder

AIAA American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics APCM Aerial Photography Contract Management System ATOST Atlantic - THORpex Observing System Test

AIMs Africover Interpretation and Mapping System API Application programming interface ATR1 Automatic Target Recognition Module (Leica)

AIMS Airborne Integrated Mapping System APID Application Process Identifier ATS Advanced Technology Satellite

AIR Airborne Imaging Radar AppEEARS Application for Extracting and Exploring Analysis Ready Samples ATSR Along Track Scanning Radiometer (ESA ERS)

AirMISR Airborne Multi-Angle Imaging Spectroradiometer APT Automatic Picture Transmission AVHRR Advanced Very High-Resolution Radiometer

AIRS Atmospheric Infrared Sounder AQT Association Québecoise de Télédétection AVHRR GAC AVHRR Global Coverage Area

AIRSAR Aircraft Synthetic Aperture Radar ARA Atmospheric Radiation Analysis AVHRR LAC AVHRR Local Area Coverage

ALEXIS Array of Low Energy X-Ray Imaging Sensors ARB 48" Lidar Aerosol Reserach Branch AVIRIS Airborne Visible and Infrared Imaging Spectrometer

ALI Advanced Land Imager ARC Ames Research Center AVIS Airborne Vegetation Index Sensor
Acronym Definition Acronym Definition Acronym Definition

AVNIR Advanced Visible and Near-Infrared Radiometer CDMS Cryospheric Data Management System (NSIDC) CONUS Conterminous United States

A tool for monitoring and forecasting Available WAter REsource in CDR Critical Design Reviews CORINE Coordination of Information on Environment
AWARE
mountain environment

CDRC CIESIN Data and Research Center COS Constellation Operations System
AWiFS Advanced Wide Field Sensor

CEES Committee on Environment and Natural Resources Research COSMIC Computer Software Management and Information Center (NASA)
AWOTS Automated Wallops Orbital Tracking Station

CEMSCS Central Environmental Monitoring Satellite Computer System (NOAA) COSMO/SkyMed Constellation of Small satellites for the Mediterranean basin Observation
B Back to top

CEMSDS Central Environmental Satellite Data System COSPAR Congress for Space Research
bbFTS BaBar File Transfer Protocol

CEO European Centre for Earth Observation COTR Contracting Officer’s Technical Representative
BEDI Big Earth Data Initiative

CEOS Committee on Earth Observation Satellites COTS Commercial Off-The Shelf


BGP Boundary Gateway Protocol

CEOSWGD/CS CEOS Working Group on Data, Catalog Subgroup CPP Cloud Photopolarimeter
BIH Bureau International de l’Heure

CERES Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System CPR Cloud Profiling Radar
BIPM Bureau International des Poids et Mesures

CERR Critical Events Readiness Review CR Correlation Radiometer


BNSC British National Space Centre (UK)

CESA Conical Earth Sensor Assembly CrIMSS Cross-track Infrared and Advanced Technology Microwave Sounders
BRDF Bi-directional Reflectance Distribution Function

CESBIO Centre d’ Études Spatiales de la Biosphère (France) CrIS Cross-track Infrared Sounder
BUFR Binary Universal Form for the Representation of meteorological data

CESDIS Center for Excellence in Space Data and Information Sciences (GSFC) CRISTA/SPAS Cryogenic Infrared Spectrometers and Telescopes for the Atmosphere/ Shuttle Pallet Satellite
BWC Bandwidth Compression

CFC Chlorofluorocarbon CRP Command Relay Processor


BWE Bandwidth Expansion

CFI Claes Fornell International CRSS Canadian Remote Sensing Society


C Back to top

CIESIN Consortium for International Earth Science Information Network CRYSYS Cryospheric System
C5/6 Collection 5/6 MODIS data

CINTEX CEOS Catalogue Interoperability Experiment CSA Canadian Space Agency


C-MARE Central Mediterranean Aerosol and Radiation Experiment

CIR Color Infrared CSDGM Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
C-STAR Conically Scanning Two-Look Airborne Radiometer

CIRS Composition Infrared Spectrometer CSESP Citizen Science for Earth Systems Program
CADU Channel Access Data Units

CIS Cryogenic Interferometer Spectrometer CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (Australia)
CAL WG Calibration Working Group

CIWG Catalog Interoperability Working Group CSLC California Space Launch Complex
CAL/VAL Calibration/Validation

CL Command Language CSMA/CD Carrier-Sense Multiple-Access With Collision Detection


CALIOP Cloud-Aerosol LIdar and with Orthogonal Polarization

CLAES Cryogenic Limb Array Etalon Spectrometer CSPO Compute Service Program Office
CALIPSO Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation

CLAMS Cheasapeake Lighthouse and Aircraft Measurements for Satellites CTGNSS Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System
CalREN California Research and Education Network

CLC CORINE Land Cover CV Cube Visualization


CALS Cloud and Aerosol Lidar System

CLCW Command Link Control Word CVA Change Vector Analysis


CAMEX Convection and Moisture Experiment

CM Configuration Management CWIC CEOS WGISS Integrated Catalog


CBERS China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite Program

CMG Climate modeling grid CZCS Coastal Zone Color Scanner (Nimbus-7)
CCB Configuration Control Board

CMIS Conical Scanning Microwave Imager/Sounder D Back to top


CCD Charged Coupled Device

CMO Configuration Management Office DAAC Distributed Active Archive Center


CCRS Canada Centre for Remote Sensing

CMR Common Metadata Repository DADS Data Archive and Distribution System
CCSDS Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems

CMS Content Management System DAF Data Archive Facility


CD/CI Continuous Development/Continuous Integration

CNES Centre National d’Études Spatiales (France) DAIS-1 Digital Airborne Imagery System
CDAS Command and Data Acquisition Station

CNR Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (Italy) DAR Data Acquisition Request
CDB Command Data Block

CNRS Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France) DAS Data Analysis Subsystem
CDDIS Crustal Dynamics Data Information System

CO Contracting Officer DAS Detailed Activity Schedule


CDF Common Data Format

COARE Continental Ocean-Atmosphere Regional Experiment DCN Document Change Notice


CDI Climate Data Initiative

CODMAC Committee on Data Management, Archiving, and Computing DCS Data Collection System
CDIAC Carbon Dioxide Information and Analysis Center (DOE/ORNL)

COMMGR Communications Manager DDL Direct Downlink


CDM Continuous Diganosis and Mitigation

CONAE Comision National de Actividades Espaciales DEDS DAAC to EDOS Data Set
Acronym Definition Acronym Definition Acronym Definition

DEL Data Evaluation Laboratory (GSFC) DTM Digital Terrain Model EE Earth Explorer

DEM Digital Elevation Model DUE DAAC Unique Extension EECF Earthnet ERS-1 Central Facility

DEM-G Digital Elevation Model - Graphic (coordinates) DWL Doppler Wind Lidar EED EOSDIS Evolution and Development

DEM-P Digital Elevation Model - Planar (coordinates) DWS Doppler Wind Sensor EEID EOSDIS External Interface Document

DEMEX Alternate name for the ASTER GDEM Explorer E Back to top EER External Engineering Review

DFCD Data Format Control Document E-ISAT EOSDIS Internet Security Assessment Team EETS EOS Electronic Transfer System

DFRD Data Format Requirements Document E-LIDAR Experimental Lidar EGI ESI Gateway Interface

DGDF Digital Geospatial Data Files EARLSeL European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories EGS EOS Ground Station

DGPS Differential Global Positioning System; Differential Global Positioning Satellite EarthCARE Earth Clouds Aerosols and Radiation Explorer EGT EOSDIS Ground Terminal

DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol EAS Electrical Accommodation Subsystem (Terra AM-1) EGTS EOS Ground Test System

DHF Data Handling Facility EBnet EOSDIS Backbone network EIN ECS Identification Number

DIAL Differential Absorption Lidar EBS EOS Broadcast Stations EIONET European Environment Information and Observation Network

DIF Directory Interchange Format EC European Community EIT EOSDIS Integration Team

difSAR Differential SAR ECA Earth Central Angle EITSO ESDIS Information Technology Security Official

DIGCAT Digital Catalogue ECC Earthdata Code Collaborative ELANOR Earth Limb And Nadir Operational Retrieval

DIGEST Digital Geographic Information Exchange Standard ECE Earthdata Collaboration Environment ELV Expendable Launch Vehicle

DISC Data and Information Services Center ECHO EOS Clearing House EMACC EOS Multiple Applications Control Center

DIT Development Integration and Testing ECMP ECS Configuration Management Plan EMD EOSDIS Core System Maintenance and Development

DLG Digital Line Graph ECMWF European Center for Medium-range Weather Forecasting EME ECS Maintenance Environment

DLR Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (German Aerospace Agency) ECOM EOSDIS Communications System EMIS EDOS Management Information System

DLS Dynamic Limb Sounder ECRB EOS Configuration Review Board EMLS EOS Microwave Limb Sounder

DMO DEM and Orthorectified ECRB EMOS Configuration Review Board EMOC EOSDIS Mission Operations Center

DMR Detailed Mission Requirements ECRS ESDIS Consolidated Requirements System EMOS EOS Mission Operations System

DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program ECS EOSDIS Core System EMOWG EOS Mission Operations Working Group

DMZ Demilitarized Zone ECSS EOS Common Spacecraft Specification EMS ESDIS Metrics System

DNS Domain Name Service ECSTVP ECS Test and Verification Procedures EMSn EOS Mission Support network

DOC Department of Commerce ECSVDB ECS Verification Database ENMC Enterprise Network Management Center

DoD Department of Defense ECT EOS Compatibility Test ENSO El Nino Southern Oscillation

DOE Department of Energy ED50 European Datum 1950 ENVISAT Environmental Satellite

DOI Digital Object Identifier EDC Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Data Center (USGS) EO Earth Observation

DOPLID Doppler Lidar EDF ECS Development Facility EO-1 Earth Orbiter-1

DOQ Digital Orthophoto Quadrangle EDG EOS Data Gateway (V0 Client – Replacement of B0SOT) EO-ICWG Earth Observations International Coordination Working Group

DORIS Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated By Satellite EDGRS Earth Data Gathering and Reporting System EOC EOS Operations Center

DOS Department of State EDHS ECS Data Handling System EOCC EOS Operations and Control Center

DPR Dual Precipitation Radar EDMA ESDIS Data Model Analysis EOIS Earth Observation Information System

DR Decommissioning Review EDOCS EOS Data Operations and Communications System EOP EDOS Operation Protocol

DRG Digital Raster Graphic EDOS EOS Data and Operations System EOPS ERBE Operational Processing System (LaRC)

DRR Disposal Readiness Review EDP Earthdata Development Portal EORC Earth Observation Research Center

DRSS Data Relay Satellite System EDS Expedited Data Sets EOS Earth Observing System

DSCOVR Deep Change Observation Mission EDSC Earthdata Search Client EOS AERO EOS Aerosol Mission

DTED Digital Terrain Elevation Data EDU EDOS Data Unit EOS ALT EOS Altimetry Mission
Acronym Definition Acronym Definition Acronym Definition

EOS AM Earth Observing System AM or morning crossing (Terra satellite) ESAC Earth Science Advisory Committee ETSF EOSDIS Test System Facility

EOS CHEM EOS Chemistry Mission ESAD Earth Science and Applications Data System ETTS ECS Trouble Ticketing System

EOS COLOR EOS Color Mission ESDC ESAC Science Data Center EUI Earthdata User Interface

EOS PM Earth Observing System PM or afternoon crossing (Aqua satellite) ESDD Earth Science Data Directory EUMETSAT European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites

EOS-G Earth Observing System - Goddard ESDIS Earth Science Data and Information System EUMS ESDIS User Model Scenario

EOSAT Earth Observing Satellite Company ESDR Earth Science Data Record EVR ECS Verification Report

EOSC EOS Operations Support Capability ESDS Earth Science Data System ExCEL EOSDIS Cloud Evolution

EOSDIS Earth Observation System Data and Information System ESDSWG Earth Science Data System Working Group F Back to top

EOSFDS EOS Flight Data System ESDT Earth Science Data Type FA Formulation Agreement

EOSIWG EOS Investigator Working Group ESE Earth Sciences Enterprise FAD Formulation Authorization Document

EOSP Earth Observing Scanning Polarimeter ESH EDOS Service Header FAQ Frequently Asked Questions

EOSPSO EOS Project Science Office ESI EOSDIS Service Interface FCCSET Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering and Technology

EOSSALT Earth Observing Solid-State Radar Altimeter ESIC Earth Science Information Center FCDAS Fairbanks Command and Data Acquisition Station

EOSSMS EOS Space Measurement System ESID EOSDIS Systems Interface Document FDF Flight Dynamics Facility

EOSSRP EOS Scientific Research Program ESIP Earth Science Information Partners FDS Flight Dynamics System

EOT EDOS Operational Timeline ESMES EOS System Management and Engineering Site FE Fast Ethernet

EOWG ESDIS Operations Working Group ESMO Earth Science Mission Operations FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency

EP Earth Probe ESMP ECS Schedule Management Plan FEWS Famine Early Warning System

EPDS EMOS Production Data Set ESMR Electronically Scanning Microwave Radiometer FGDC Federal Geographic Data Committee

EPG ECS Process Improvement Group ESN EOSDIS Science Network (ECS) (Replaced By Ebnet) FIFE First ISLSCP Field Experiment

EPGN EOS Polar Ground Network ESO ESDIS Standards Office FIRE First ISCCP (International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project) Regional Experiment

EPGS EOS Polar Ground Station ESOC EOSDIS System and Operations Concept (Document) FIRMS Fire Information for Resource Management System

EPGSS Earth Observing Polar Ground Station Services ESOD Earth Science On-Line Directory FM-1 Flight Model 1 (NASA EOS MODIS)

EPOP European Polar-Orbiting Platform ESOO ESDIS Science Operations Office FOIA Freedom Of Information Act

EPR EED2 Program Roadmap ESPD Earth Science Projects Division FORTE Fast On-Orbit Recording of Transient Events

EPS EUMETSAT Polar System ESQL Earth Science Query Language FORTRAN FORmula TRANslation

EPTOMS Earth Probe Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer ESRIN European Space Research Institute (ESA) FOS Flight Operations Segment (ECS)

ER-2 Earth Resources NASA research aircraft ESSAAC Earth System Science and Applications Advisory Committee FOT Flight Operations Team (ECS)

ERAST Experimental Research Aircraft Sensor Technology Program ESSC Earth System Sciences Committee FOV Field of View

ERBE Earth Radiation Budget Experiment ESSE EDOS System Support Environment FPAR Fraction of photosynthetically active radiation

ERBS Earth Radiation Budget Satellite ESSI Earth and Space Science Informatics FPD Flight Projects Directorate

ERDAS Earth Resources Data Analysis System ESSn EOS Science Support network FRGP Front Range GigaPOP

ERDET ESDIS Requirements Database Engineering Team ESSO Earth Science Support Office FRR Flight Readiness Review

ERG EOSDIS Review Group ESSP Earth Science Systems Program FSA Federal Space Agency (Russia)

EROS Earth Resources Observation System ESST Earth Science Search Tool FST Field Support Terminal

ERPS EOS Real-Time Processing System ESTB EGNOS System Test Bed FTP File Transfer Protocol

ERS-1 Earth Remote-sensing Satellite-1 ESTEC European Space Research and Space Technology Centre (ESA) FY Fiscal Year

ERSAR Earth Resources Synthetic Aperture Radar ESTOL EOS Standard Text and Operation Language G Back to top

ERSDAC Earth Remote Sensing Data Analysis Center ETM+ Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (Landsat 7) G3OS Global Terrestrial Observing System

ERTS-1 Earth Resources Technology Satellite –1 ETRS89 European Terrestrial Reference System 1989 GAC Global Area Coverage (AVHRR)

ESA European Space Agency ETS EOS Test System GALILEO Informal name of GNSS
Acronym Definition Acronym Definition Acronym Definition

GATES Geostationary Advanced Technology Environmental System GISIG Geographical Information Systems International Group GOS Geomagnetic Observing System

GB gigabyte (109) GISS Goddard Institute for Space Studies GP-MCE General Purpose Managed Cloud Environment

GBAD Ground Based Attitude Determination GITC GIBS Ingest in the Cloud GPD Goddard Policy Directive (formerly called GMI)

gbps Giga bits per second GLA Goddard Laboratory for Atmospheres GPG Goddard Procedures and Guidelines

GCC Goddard Communications Control GLAS Geoscience Laser Altimeter System GPI Global Precipitation Index

GCDC Global Change Data Center GLAST Gamma Ray Large-Area Space Telescope GPM Global Precipitation Measurement

GCDIS Global Change Data and Information System GLCC Global Land Cover Characterization GPP Gross Primary Productivity

GCLDC Global Change Landsat Data Collection GLCN Global Land Cover Network GPR Ground Penetrating Radar

GCMD Global Change Master Directory GLCTS Global Land Cover Test Sites GPROF Goddard PRO Filing algorithm for instantaneous rain retrieval

GCOM Global Change Observation Mission GLI Global Imager (Japan, ADEOS) GPS Global Positioning System

GCPs Ground Control Points GLIS Global Land Information System GPSDIS Global Positioning System Data Information System (JPL)

GDAL Geospatial Data Abstraction Library GLL Galileo GPSDR Global Positioning System Demonstration Receiver

GDAO Goddard [Space Flight Center] Data Assimilation Office GLM Geostationary Meteorological Satellite GPSOS Global Positioning Sensor Occultation System

GDAS NCEP 1-Degree Global Data Assimilation Model GLOBE Global Change Observing Mission GPSR Global Positioning Satellite Receiver

GDEM Global Digital Elevation Model GLONASS Global'naya Navigatsionnaya Sputnikovaya Sistema, Global Orbiting Navigation SatelliteGPSSS
System (Russia) Global Positioning System Sustaining Support

GDEx Global Data Explorer GLOSS Global Observation Surveillance System GRACE Gravity Recovery And Climate Experiment

GDR Geophysical Data Record (JPL) GloVIS Global Visualizer GRASS Geographic Resource Analysis Support System

GDS Ground Data System GLRS Geoscience Laser Ranging System GRDC Global Runoff Data Center

GDS IMS Ground Data System Information Management System GLRS-A Geoscience Laser Ranging System Altimeter GRE Generic Routing Encapsulation

GDT Global DIgital Topography GLRS-R Geoscience Laser Ranging System Ranger GrfN Getting Ready for NISAR

GEBA Global Energy Budget Archive GMAO Global Modeling and Assimilation Office GridFTP Grid File Transfer Protocol

GEMI Global Environment Monitoring MSAVI GML Geography Markup Language GRS 80 Geodetic Reference System of 1980

GENESIS Global Environmental and Ecological Simulation of Interactive Systems GMS Geostationary Meteorological Satellite GRT Ground Receipt Time

GEO Geosynchronous Earth Orbit GMST Greenwich Mean Sidereal Time GS [EOS] Ground System

GEOS Goddard Earth Observing System GMT Greenwich Mean Time GSDI Global Spatial Data Infrastructure

GEOSS Global Earth Observation System of Systems GMU George Mason University GSDM Global Spatial Data Model

Geosat Naval Geodetic Satellite GN Ground Network GSDS Global Spatial Data System

GeoTIFF Geographic Tagged Image File Format GN&C Guidance, Navigation and Control GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center

GeoVIS Geographic Vector Interpretation System (Africover) GN&CS Guidance, Navigation, and Control Subsystem (Terra AM-1) GSIF Ground Station Interface Facility

GERIS Geophysical Environmental Research Imaging Spectrometer GNS GEOnet Names Server GSIP Ground Station Interface Processor

GES Goddard Earth Sciences GNSS Global Navigation Satellite System GSLV Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle

GES DISC Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center GOCE Gravity field and steady-state Ocean Circulation Explorer GSM Global System for Mobile Communication

GESSEP Goddard Earth Space Science Education Project GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite GTDS Goddard Trajectory Determination System

GEWEX Global Energy and Water cycle Experiment GOFC Global Observations of Forest Cover (IGOS) GTE Global Tropospheric Experiment

GFCC Global Forest Cover Change GOLD Global Observation of Land Cover Dynamics GTOPO30 A global digital elevation model (DEM) with a horizontal grid spacing of 30 arc seconds

GFS Global Forecast System GOME Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment GTWAY Gateway [for Version 0 interoperability]

GGI GPS Geoscience Instrument GOMI Global Ozone Monitoring Instrument GUI Graphical User Interface

GHRC DAAC Global Hydrology Resource Center (GHRC) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC)GOMOS Global Ozone Monitoring by Occultation of Stars GUID Globally Unique Identifier

GIBS Global Imagery Browse Services GOMR Global Ozone Monitoring Radiometer GURP Goddard Uncosted Reduction Project

Giovanni Geospatial Interactive Online Visualization and Analysis Infrastructure GOMS Geostationary Operational Meteorological Satellites GV Ground Validation

GIS Geographical Information System GOPM Goddard Orbital Parameters Message GW Gateway
Acronym Definition Acronym Definition Acronym Definition

GWELD Global Web Enabled Landsat Data ICSU International Council of Scientific Unions IR Infrared

H Back to top IDL Interactive Data Language IR Interim Release

HALOE Halogen Occultation Experiment IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IR&D Independent Research and Development

HCR HDF EOS Configuration Record IELV Intermediate Expendable Launch Vehicle IR-RAD Infrared Radiometer

HDF Hierarchical Data Format IEOS International Earth Observing System IRAD Independent Research And Development

HDF-EOS Hierarchical Data Format - Earth Observing System IERS International Earth Rotation Service IRCD Interface Requirements Control Document

HDDS Hazards Data Distribution System IFOV Instantaneous Field of View IRD Interface Requirements Document

HEG HDF-EOS to GeoTIFF Conversion Tool IFREMER Instiut Francais de Recherche pour l'Exploration de la Mer IRTS Infrared Temperature Sounder

HEO High Earth Orbit IFSARE Inter-ferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar for Elevation ISAMS Improved Stratospheric And Mesospheric Sounder

HEW HDF-EOS WEB-based subsetter IGAC International Global Atmospheric Chemistry Program of the IGBP ISAS Institute of Space and Astronautical Science

HGML Hyper Graphics Markup Language (Graphical Alternative to HTML) IGAP International Global Aerosol Program ISCCP International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project

HIMSS High-Resolution Microwave Spectrometer Sounder (Replaced By MIMR) IGARSS IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium ISDN Integrated Systems Digital Network

HIRDLS High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder IGBP International Geosphere - Biosphere Programme ISF Instrument Support Facility

HIRIS High-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer International Geosphere–Biosphere Programme – Data and ISIPS ICEsat Science Investigator-Led Processing System
IGMP-DIS
Information System

HIRRLS High-Resolution Research Limb Sounder ISIR Infrared Spectral Imaging Radiometer
IGMP Internet Group Multicast Protocol

HIRS High-Resolution Infrared Sounder ISLSCP International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project
IGN International Geodetic Network

HIS High-Resolution Interferometer Sounder ISO International Organization for Standardization


IGOS Integrated Global Observing Strategy

HPGN High-Precision Geodetic Network ISP Internet Service Provider


IGS ICEsat Ground System

HRDFEP High Rate Demodulator Front End Processor ISPRS International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
IGST ICESat Ground System Test

HRG High-Resolution Geometry (SPOT) ISRO Indian Space Research Organisation


IKAR-N scanning microwave radiometer system

HRPT High-Resolution Picture Transmission (AVHRR) ISS International Space Station


IKAR-P nadir microwave radiometer

HRV Haute Résolution dans le Visible (SPOT) ISSN International Standard Serial Number
ILAS Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer

HRVIR High Resolution Visible Infrared (scanner) IST Instrument Support Terminal
IMG Interferometric Monitor for Greenhouse Gases

HSB Humidity Sounder - Brazil (Derivative of AMSU-B, Replacing MHS) ITIR Intermediate Thermal Infrared Radiometer
IMOC ICESat Mission Operations Center

HSI Hue, Saturation, Intensity – Hyperspectral Imaging Instrument ITRF International Terrestrial Reference Frame
IMS Information Management System

HTML Hypertext Markup Language ITRS International Terrestrial Rotation Service


INPE Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (Brasil)

HTTP Hypertext Transport Protocol IWG Investigator Working Group


InSAR Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar

HYDICE Hyperspectral Digital Imagery Collection Experiment IWGDD Interagency Working Group on Digital Data
INSAT Indian National Satellite

HYMAP Airborne Hyperspectral Imaging IWGDMGC Interagency Working Group on Data Management for Global Change
INSPIRE Infrastructure of Spatial Information in the European Community

I Back to top J Back to top


Intelsat International Telecommunications Satellite

I&CLC2000 Image and CORINE Land Cover 2000 JAVA Joint Academic Virtual Application
IOC ICESat Orbit Control Software

I-SIPS ICESat Science Investigator-led Processing System JAXA Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
IONET Internet Protocol Operational Network

IASI Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer JEOC Japan's Earth Observation Center
IOT Instrument Operations Team

IAU International Astronomical Union JEOS Japanese Earth Observing System


IP Internet Protocol

IBM International Business Machines JERS-1 Japanese Earth Remote-sensing Satellite-1


IPA Inter-Project Agreement

ICARTT International Consortium for Atmospheric Research on Transport and Transformation JGOFS Joint Global Ocean Flux Study
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

ICC Instrument Control Center JMA Japan Meteorological Agency


IPD Information Processing Division (GSFC)

ICD Interface Control Document JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory


IPNOC Internet Protocol Network Operations Center

ICESat Ice, Cloud and Land Elevation Satellite JPLAIRSAR JPL Airborne Synthetic Aperture Radar
IPOC International Partner Operations Center

ICF Instrument Control Facility (ECS) JPOP Japanese Polar-Orbiting Platform


IPOMS International Polar Orbiting Meteorological Satellite Committee

ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol JPSS Joint Polar Satellite System
Acronym Definition Acronym Definition Acronym Definition

JRC Joint Research Centre (Italy) LDOPE Land Data Operational Product Evaluation MB megabyte

JRC CEO European Commission Joint Research Centre LDOS Landsat Data and Operations System mb millibar

JSC Johnson Space Center LEO Low Earth Orbit MBLA Multi-Beam Laser Altimeter

K Back to top LERTS Laboratoire d'Etudes et de Recherches en Teledetedion Spatiale MCIP Mission Critical IP

K Kelvin LIDAR LIght Detection And Ranging instrument MCP Meteorological Communications Package

KARI Korea Aerospace Research Institute LIDQA Landsat Image Data Quality and Analysis MCR Mission Concept Review

KB kilobyte (103) LIGHTSAR Lightweight Synthetic Aperture Radar MCST MODIS Characterization Support Team (EOS)

KDP Key Decision Point LIMS Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere MDR Mission Definition Review

KML Keyhole Markup Language LIS Lightning Imaging Sensor MEaSUREs Making Earth System data records for Use in Research Environments

KNMI Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute LITE Lidar-in-space Technology Experiment MEBS MODIS Emergency Backup System (EOS)

KOMPSAT Korea Multipurpose Satellite LLC Logical Link Control MEIS Multispectral Electrooptical Imaging Sensor

KSC Kennedy Space Center LMD Laboratoire de Meteorologie Dynamique MELV Medium Expendable Launch Vehicle

L Back to top LOGSWG Landsat Operations Ground Segment Working Group MEO Middle Earth Orbit (Satellite)

L0 Level 0 (zero) LOS Loss Of Signal MERES Mineral and Energy Resources Exploration Satellite (Japan)

L0R Level 0 Release LP DAAC Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center MERIS Medium-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (ESA Envisat)

L1 Level 1 LR Laser Retroreflector MESSR Multispectrum Electronic Self-Scanning Radiometer

L1G Level 1 Geometrically Corrected LRPT Low-Resolution Picture Transmission METEOSAT Geosynchronous Meteorology Satellite (ESA)

L1R Level 1 Radiometrically Corrected LRR Launch Readiness Review METI Ministry of Economy Trade and Industry (Formerly Known As MITI)

L2 Level 2 LRRL Low Rate Return Link METOP Meteorological Operational Weather Satellite

L3 Level 3 LRS Landsat Recorder System METSAT Meteorological Satellite

L4 Level 4 LSPIM Land-Surface Processes and Interactions Mission METSOAT European Weather Satellite

LAADS DAAC Level 1 and Atmosphere Archive and Distribution System (LAADS) Distributed Active Archive
LSR Center (DAAC) Land Surface Reflectance MFOV Medium Field of View

LAC Local Area Coverage LTA Long Term Archive MGRS Military Grid Reference System

LADAR Laser Detection and Ranging LUT Look Up Table MHS Microwave Humidity Sounder (EOS)

LAGEOS Laser Geodynamics Satellite LV Launch Vehicle MHz MegaHertz

LAI Leaf area index LW Longwave radiation MIAS Multispectral Image Analysis System

LAMP Low Altitude Mapping Photogrammetry LWIR Long-Wave Infrared (spectral region) MIDAS Multispectral Interactive Data Analysis System

LAMPS Laser-scan Automated Map Production System LZP Level Zero Processing MIMR Multifrequency Imaging Microwave Radiometer

LAN Local Area Network LZPF Level Zero Processing Facility MIPAS Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding

LANCE Land, Atmosphere Near real-time Capability for EOS (Earth Observing System) LZPS Level Zero Processing System MIR Multispectral Imaging Radiometer

LANL Los Alamos National Lab LZW Lempel Ziv Welch MIRAS Microwave Imaging Radiometer with Aperture Synthesis (ESA)

Landsat Land Remote-Sensing Satellite M Back to top MIRIAM/DOPI Mir Infrared Atmospheric Measurements/Double Pendulum Interferometer

LaRC Langley Research Center MAGSAT Magnetic Field (Magnetometer) Satellite MISR Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (EOS)

LaRCNET Langley Research Center Network ManLan Manhattan Landing (high performance exchange point in New York City) MITI Ministry of International Trade and Industry

LARSE Laboratory for Applications of Remote Sensing in Ecology MAP Map Accuracy Programme (Africover) MIVIS Multispectral Infrared and Visible Imaging Spectrometer

LASE Lidar Atmospheric Sensing Experiment MAPS Measurement of Atmospheric Pollution from Satellites MLS Microwave Limb Sounder

Laser Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation MAPSAT Mapping Satellite MMO Multi-Mission Operations

LaTIS Langley Research Center's TRMM Information System MAS MODIS Airborne Simulator MMR Modular Multi-Band Radiometer

LBS Location-Based Services MASTER MODIS/ASTER Airborne Simulator MMT Metadata Management Tool

LCCS Land Cover Classification System Matlab Matrix laboratory MO&DSD Mission Operations and Data Systems Directorate (GSFC Code 500)

LDHF Landsat-7 Data Handling Facility MAX Mid-Atlantic Crossroads MOA Memorandum Of Agreement
Acronym Definition Acronym Definition Acronym Definition

MOC Mission Operations Center MTTRS Mean Time To Restore Service NEPP NASA Electronic Parts and Packaging

MODAPS MODIS Adaptive Processing System MVP Minimum Valuable Product NERC National Environmental Research Centre (UK)

MODExtract MODIS Data Pool Extraction Tool N Back to top NESDD NOAA Earth Science Data Directory

MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (EOS) NAALSED North American ASTER Land Surface Emissivity Database NESDIS National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NOAA)

MODIS-N Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer - Nadir NACP North American Carbon Program NET National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service

MODLAND MODIS Land Discipline Group (EOS) NAD North American Datum netCDF Network Common Data Form

MODS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer NAL National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan NewDISS New Data and Information Systems and Services

MOMS Modular Optoelectric Multispectral Scanner NALC North American Land Characterization NEWS NOAA’s Earth Watch Service

MOP Meteosat Operational Programme NAM NASA Advisory Manager NEXRAD Next Generation Weather Radar

MOPITT Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere NAPP National Aerial Photography Program NGAP NASA-compliant General Application Platform

MOS Marine Observation Satellite NARA National Archives and Records Administration NGDC National Geophysical Data Center (NOAA); National Geospatial Data Clearinghouse

MOSPF Multicast Open Shortest Path First NARSA National Advanced Remote Sensing Applications Program NGDF National Geospatial Data Files

MOU Memorandum of Understanding NARSTO North American Research Strategy for Tropospheric Ozone NGIX Next Generation Internet Exchange

MP-MP Multipoint-Multipoint Systems NAS National Academy of Sciences NGMA National Geoscience Mapping Agency (Australia)

MPPP Multi-Link Point-to-Point Protocol NAS NASA Advisory Council NGMBD National Geologic Map Database (USGS)

MPRD Modified Proportional Radial Displacement NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NGT NASA Ground Terminal

MPS Mission Planning System (ASF) NASCOM NASA Communications Network NGWIC National Ground Water Information Center

mrad microradians NASCOP NASA Communications Operating Procedures NHAP National High Altitude Photography

MRIR Medium Resolution Infrared Radiometer (Nimbus) NASDA National Space Development Agency (Japan) NIAC NASA Institute for Advanced Concepts

MRR Mission Readiness Review NASIRC NASA Automated Systems Incident Response Capabilities NIC NASA Information Center

MrSID Multiresolution Seamless Image Database NASTRAN NASA Structural Analysis (Program) NICMOS Near-Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer

MRT MODIS Reprojection Tool NAVSTAR Navigation Satellite Timing and Ranging Global Positioning System NIMBUS NASA Meteorological Satellites (1 through 7)

MRTP Mission Readiness Test Plans NBAR Nadir BRDF Adjusted Reflectance NIR Near Infrared (spectral region)

MRTSwatch MODIS Reprojection Tool for Swath NBIS Northern Biosphere Information System NISAR NASA-ISRO SAR Mission

MRTWeb MODIS Reprojection Tool for the Web NBSM National Bureau of Surveying and Mapping (China) NISE Near Real-Time SSM/I EASE-Grid Daily Global Ice Concentration and Snow Extent

ms millisecond NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research NISN NASA Integrated Services Network

MSAS MTSAT Satellite-Based Augmentation Satellite NCC National Cartographic Centre (Iran) NISS NASA Institutional Support Systems

MSAVI Modified Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index NCDC National Climatic Data Center (NOAA) NITRD Networking and Information Technology Research and Development

MSC Multispectral Camera NCDS NASA Climate Data System NIX NASA Image Exchange

MSFC Marshall Space Flight Center NCEP National Center for Environmental Prediction (NOAA) NLAPS National Landsat Archive Production System (USGS)

MSG Meteosat Second Generation (ESA) NCEP AWC National Center for Environmental Prediction Air Weather Center NLCD National Land Cover Dataset (USGS)

MSL Mean Sea Level NCF NSSDC Computer Facility NLDC NASA Landsat Data Collection

MSMR Multi-frequency Scanning Microwave Radiometer NCGIA National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis NLOS Not Line of Sight

MSR Microwave Scanning Radiometer NCSA National Center for Supercomputer Applications NMAS National Map Accuracy Standards

MSS Multi-Spectral Scanner (Landsat 1-5) NCSC National Computer Security Center NMC National Meteorological Center (NOAA)

MSU Microwave Sounding Unit NCSL National Computer Systems Laboratory NMD NASA Master Directory

MSU-SK Multispectral Optical Scanner NDCS National Digital Cartographic Standards NMI NASA Management Instruction

MTF Modulation Transfer Function NDMC National Drought Mitigation Center NMOS Network and Mission Operations Support (NASA Program)

MTS Meteoroid Technology Satellite (NASA) NDPR NASA Defense Purchase Request NMOS NASA Management and Operations Support

MTSAT Multi-functional Transport Satellite (Japan) NDVI Normalized Difference Vegetation Index NMP New Millenium Program

MTTR Mean Time To Recover NED National Elevation Dataset NNSS Navy Navigational Satellite System
Acronym Definition Acronym Definition Acronym Definition

NO2 Nitrogen Dioxide NSpC National Space Council ORNL DAAC Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC)

NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NSPD National Space Policy Directive ORR Operational Readiness Review

NOAA SAA NOAA Satellite Active Archive NSR NISN Service Request OSC Orbital Sciences Corporation

NOARL Naval Oceanographic and Atmospheric Research Lab NSRS National Spatial Reference System (NOAA) OSCAR Online Satellite Catalogue and Request System (NOAA)

NOC Network Operations Center NSSDC National Space Science Data Center OSDPD Office of Space Data Processing and Distribution (NOAA)

NODC National Oceanographic Data Center (NOAA) NSTC National Space and Technology Council OSF Observation Schedule File

NODS NASA Ocean Data System NSTR NASA Standard Tape Recorder OSMI Ocean Scanning Multispectral Imager

NODIS NSSDC Online Data and Information Service NTIS National Technical Information Service OSPF Open Shortest Path First (Routing Protocol)

NOMC Network Operations Management Center NTS National Topographic Series (Canada); National Topographic System (Canada); Navigation
OSTATechnology Satellite Office of Space and Terrestrial Applications

NOSIE NODC Ocean Science Information Exchange NTTF NASA Test and Training Facility OSTM Ocean Surface Topography Mission

NOSS National Oceanic Satellite System NVAP NASA Water Vapor Project OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy

NOX Northern Crossroads NVCS National Vegetation Classification Standard P Back to top

NPAS Network Planning and Analysis System NWP Numerical Weather Prediction PACOR Packet Processor

NPG NASA Procedure and Guidelines NWS National Weather Service (NOAA) PALSAR Phased-Array L-band SAR (Japan)

NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System NWS-HRL NWS - Hydrologic Research Laboratory PB petabyte (1015)

NPOP-1 NASA Polar Orbiting Platform (One) NWS-RFC NWS - Regional Forecast Center PDR Product Delivery Record

NPP NPOESS Preparatory Project NWS-RFO NWS - River Forecast Office PDR Preliminary Design Review

NPR NASA Procedural Requirements O Back to top PDS Production Data Set

NRA NASA Research Announcement O3 Ozone PE&RS Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing (journal)

NRC National Research Council OA Operations Agreement PFAR Post-Flight Assessment Review

NRDN NOAA Radar Data Network OB.DAAC Ocean Biology Distributed Active Archive Center PFM Proto-Flight Model

NREN National Research and Education Network OBPG Ocean Biology Processing Group PGE Product Generation Exectuable

NRL Naval Research Laboratory OCDPS Ocean Color Data Processing System PGS Product Generation System

NRSA National Remote Sensing Agency (India) OCM Ocean Colour Monitor PGS Polar Ground System

NRSC National Remote Sensing Centre (UK) OCO Orbiting Carbon Observatory PGS Product Generation System

NRSCC National Remote Sensing Centre of China OCR Optical Character Recognition; Optical Character Reader PHD Polar HDF-EOS Data Imaging and Subsetting

NRT Near Real-Time OCTS Ocean Color and Temperature Scanner (Japan, ADEOS) PI Principal Investigator

NRTP Near Real-Time Processor ODB Orbit Determination Beacon PIM Protocol Independent Multicast

NRTPE Near Real-Time Processing Effort ODL Object Description Language PIP Premium Internet Protocol

NRTS Near Real-Time System ODPS Ocean Data Processing System SIPS PL Public Law

NSAP Network Services Access Point ODS One Day Schedule PLAR Post-Launch Assessment Review

NSAU National Space Agency of Ukraine OEC Optical-Electronic Camera PLDS Pilot Land Data System

NSC Norwegian Space Centre OGC Open Geospatial Consortium P-MP Point-MultiPoint systems

NSCAT NASA Scatterometer OLS Optical Line Scanner PMR Pressure-Modulated Radiometer

NSDS NASA Software Documentation Standard OMB Office of Management and Budget PNNL Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

NSF National Science Foundation OMI Ozone Monitoring Instrument POAM Polar Ozone and Aerosols Mission

NSG NASA Sentinel Gateway OMIS Optical Multichannel Imaging Sensor (NPOESS) POC Point Of Contact

NSIDC DAAC National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC)OMPS Ozone Mapper/Profiler Suite PO.DAAC Physical Oceanography Distributed Active Archive Center

NSM Network Service Manager ONVS Ozone Near-real-time and Very-fast-delivery System POEM Polar-Orbit Earth Observation Mission

NSN NASA Science Network OPeNDAP Open-source Project for Network Data Access Protocol POEMS Positron Electron Magnet Spectrometer

NSP Korean National Space Development Plan ORFEO Optical and Radar Federated Earth Observation POES Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite
Acronym Definition Acronym Definition Acronym Definition

POGO Polar-Orbiting Geophysical Observatory RCSSMRS Regional Center for Services in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing S-PDS Session-based Production Data Sets

POLARIS Photochemistry of Ozone Loss in the Arctic Region In Summer REYNSST NCEP Reynolds Blended SST Weekly Product SAFIRE Spectroscopy of the Atmosphere using Far Infrared Emission

POLDER Polarization and Directionality of Earth's Reflectances (CNES, ADEOS) RF Radio Frequency SAGE Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment

POLES Polar Exchange at the Sea Surface RFC Request For Comment SAM Stratospheric Aerosol Measurement

POP Program Operating Plan RGB Red-Green-Blue SAMS Stratospheric And Mesospheric Sounder

POS Product Order Status RGS Receiving Ground Station (ASF) SAP Service Access Point

PP Principal Point RINEX Receiver Independent Exchange (GPS data format) SAR Synthetic Aperture Radar

PPR Photopolarimeter Radiometer RIP Router Information Protocol SAR System Acceptance Review

PPS Precipitation Processing System RIS Raster Image Set SARSAT SAR Satellite

PR Precipitation Radar (TRMM) RMS Requirements Management System SAS-C Scientific Applications Satellite - C

PRARE Precise Range and Range Rate Equipment RMSE Root-Mean-Square Error SASS Seasat-A Satellite Scatterometer System

PRAREE Precise Range and Range Rate Equipment - Extended RNSS Radio Navigation Satellite Service SATC Software Assurance Technology Center (GSFC)

PRIRODA Nature Instrument Model on Russian MIR Station ROA Remotely Operated Aircraft SAVE Southern African Validation of EOS

PRISM Panchromatic Remote Sensing Instrument for Stereo Mapping (Japan); Processes Research
ROMby an Imaging Space Mission Rough Order of Magnitude SAVI Soil-Adjusted Vegetation Index

PRR Production Readiness Review ROM Read-Only Memory SB-PDS Session-Based Production Data Sets

PSA Product Specific Attributes ROSA Radio Occultation for Sounding the Atmosphere SBUV Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet

PSAT Predicted Site Acquisition Table ROSHYDROMET Russian Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring ScaLARS Scanning Laser Altitude and Reflectance Sensor (Germany)

PSD Product Specification Document ROSIS Reflective Optics System Imaging Spectrometer SCANSAR Scanning Synthetic Aperture Radar

PSLA Project Service Level Agreement rpm revolutions per minute SCANSCAT Scatterometer (Dual Pencil-Beam), Advanced Scatterometer for Studies in Meteorology and Oc

PSLV Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle RQMT Requirements Document SCAR-A Smoke/Sulfates, Clouds and Radiation - America

PTH Performance Test Host RSA Russian Space Agency Rosaviakosmos SCAR-B Smoke/Sulfates, Clouds and Radiation - Brazil

PU Processing Unit RSAC Remote Sensing Applications Center SCARAB Scanner for the Radiation Budget

PUMP Provider User Management Program (retied; replaced by MMT) RSG Remote Sensing Group (UAZ) SCF Science Computing Facility

PV Precision Visuals RSI RADARSAT International SCIAMACHY Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Cartography

PVC Performance Verification Center RSMAS Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences SCP Secure Copy

PVI Perpendicular Vegetation Index RSS Remote Sensing Society (UK) SDAC Satellite Data Analysis Center

Q Back to top RST Remote Science Terminal SDCS SAR Data Catalog System

QA Quality Assurance RT Real-Time SDMP Science Data Management Plan

QC Quality Control RTADS Real-Time Attitude Determination System SDOC Science Data Operations Center

QOS Quality of Service RTCM Radio Technical Commission for Maritime (format) SDPF Science Data Processing Facility

QUASAR Quality Assurance and Stability Reference RTCP Real-Time Control Protocol SDPS Science Data Processing Segment (ECS)

R Back to top RTCS Real-Time Command Sequence SDPS Science Data Processing System

RA Radar Altimeter RTP Real-Time Positioning SDR System Definition Review

RADAR RAdio Direction And Ranging RTS Real-Time System SDS Scientific Data Set

RADARSAT Radar Satellite RTSP Real-Time Streaming Protocol SDSC San Diego Supercomputer Center

RAMP Radarsat Antarctic Mapping Program RTSS Real-Time System Simulator SDSD Satellite Data Services Division

RAR Real Aperture Radar RTSW Real Time Solar Wind SE&I System Engineering and Integration

RASA Russia Aviation-Space Agency S Back to top SE/RC System Evolution/Release C (ECS)

RASCAL Raster Scanning Airborne Laser S&R Search and Rescue SeaPAC SeaWinds Project (JPL)

RBD Rate Buffered Data S4PM Simple, Scalable, Script-based, Science Processor for Measurements SEASAR Sea Synthetic Aperture Radar

RCIP Real-Time Critical IP S-GCOS Space-Based Global Change Observation System SEASAT Sea Satellite
Acronym Definition Acronym Definition Acronym Definition

SEASTAR Spacecraft Flying SeaWiFS SMD Science Mission Directorate SSA Solid State Altimeter (See EOS ALT)

SeaWiFS Sea-Viewing Wide-Field Sensor SMIL Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language SSALT Solid-State Altimeter

SeaWinds Seawinds Scatterometer (for Flight on ADEOS II) SMM Solar Maximum Mission SSB Space Studies Board

SEDAC Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center SMMR Scanning Multispectral Microwave Radiometer SSBUV Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet

SEE Sustaining Engineering Facility (EDOS Component) SMOS Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity SSC Stennis Space Center

SEEDS Strategic Evolution of ESE Data Systems (formerly NewDISS) SMS Structures and Mechanisms Subsystem (Terra AM-1) SSE Science System Element

SEF Sustaining Engineering Facility (EDOS) SMS Synchronous Meteorological Satellite SSE Surface Solar Energy

SELV Small Expendable Launch Vehicle SMS/GOES Synchronous Meteorological Satellite/Geostationary SSEC Space Science and Engineering Center (University of Wisconsin)

SEM Space Environment Monitor SMSR Safety and Mission Success Review SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave/Imager

SERF Service Entry Resource Format SMTP Simple Mail Transport Protocol SSI&T Science Software Integration and Test

SESPD Space and Earth Science Programs Directorate SN Space Network SSL Secure Sockets Layer

SEVIRI Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager (ESA) SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave/Imager

SFE Science Formatting Equipment (Terra AM-1) SNOW-I Search 'N Order Web Interface SSM/T Special Sensor Microwave/Temperature Sounder

SFSI Shortwave-Infrared Full Spectrum Imager (Canada) Suomi-NPP Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership SSO Single Sign-On

SFTP Secure Shell File Transfer Protocol SNR Signal-to-Noise Ratio SST Sea Surface Temperature

SGI Silicon Graphics - Iris SNSB Swedish National Space Board SSU Stratospheric Sounding Unit

SGML Standard Generalized Markup Language SOCC Science Operations Control Center STA Science and Technology Agency

SGS Svalbard Ground Station (Norway) SOLSPEC Solar Spectrum (Space Shuttle instrument from Europe) STDM Spacecraft Tracking and Data Network

SI Spatial Information SOLSTICE Solar Stellar Irradiance Comparison Experiment STGT Second TDRSS Ground Terminal

SIASGE Sistema Italo-Argentino de Satélites protects Gestión de Emergencias SOM Space Oblique Mercator (projection); Spatial Object Manager STIKSCAT Stick Scatterometer

SIG Special Interest Group SONAR Sound Navigation and Ranging STS Short Term Schedule

SIM Spectral Irradiance Monitor SONET Synchronous Optical Network STS Space Transport System

SIMBIOS Sensor Intercomparison and Merger for Biological and Interdisciplinary Oceanic Studies SOP Standard Operating Procedure SUCCESS SUbsonic aircraft Contrail and Clouds Effects Special Study

SIMIP Sea Ice Model Intercomparison Project SORCE Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment SUDS Science, User and Data Services

SIMMS Scalable Integrated Multi-Mission Simulator SOX Southern Crossroads SW Shortwave radiation

SIN Sinusoidal SOW Statement of Work SWBD Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) Water Body Dataset

SIP Standard Internet Protocol SPANS Simple Protocol for Asynchronous Transfer Mode Network Signaling SWG Science Working Group

SIPS Science Investigator-led Processing System SPDB Science Processing Database SWIR Shortwave infrared (TM5 and TM7 spectral region)

SIR System Integration Review SPIE Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers SWIRLS Stratospheric Wind Infrared Limb Sounder

SIR-C Shuttle Imaging Radar-C SPIN-2 Space Information-2 Meter Data (Russian Space Agency) T Back to top

SIR-C/X-SAR Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-Band SAR SPOT Systeme Pour l'Observation de la Terre T&C Telemetry and Command

SIRS Satellite Infrared Spectrometer SPoRT Short-term Prediction Research and Transition Center TT&C Tracking, Telemetry and Command

SIS Spatial Information System SPS SAR Processing System (ASF) TARFOX Tropospheric Aerosol Radiative Forcing Observational Experiment

SISS Software Implementation Support System SPS Science Processing System TB terabyte (1012)

SIT System Integration Test SRB Surface Radiation Budget TBD To Be Determined

SKS Svalbard Kongsberg Ground Station SRB Standing Review Board TCP Transport Control Protocol

SLA Service Level Agreement SRL Shuttle Research Laboratory TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

SLAR Side-Looking Airborne Radar SROM Spectro-radiometer for Ocean Monitoring TDOPF Time Dependent Operational Parameter Fire

SLR Satellite Laser Ranging SRR System Requirements Review TDRS Tracking and Data Relay Satellite

SMAP Soil Moisture Active Passive SRS/GPS Stellar Reference System/Global Positioning System TDRSS Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System

SMC System Management Center SRTM Shuttle Radar Topology Mission TEDA Technical Data Acquisition Equipment (ADEOS)
Acronym Definition Acronym Definition Acronym Definition

TES Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer UCAR University Corporation for Atmospheric Research VIRS Visible Infrared Scanner

TGD Thermal Infrared UCL University College, London VIRSR Visible Infrared Scanning Radiometer

TGDDIS Trace Gas Dynamics Data Information System UDP User Datagram Protocol VIS Visible (spectral region)

THORpex THe Observing-system Research and predictability experiment UDP/IP User Datagram Protocol/Internet Protocol VIS-UV Visible/Ultraviolet Spectrometer

THREDDS THematic Realtime Environmental Distributed Data Services UHF Ultra High Frequency VIS/IR Visible/Infrared

TIGER Thermal Infrared Ground Emission Radiometer UIUC University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign VISSR Visible/Infrared Spin-Scan Radiometer (GOES)

TIM TRMM Microwave Imager um micrometer VML Vector Markup Language

TIMS Therms Infrared Multispectral Scanner UMBC University of Maryland, Baltimore County VMM VISSR Multiplexor/Modulator

TIN Triangular Irregular Network UMM Unified Metadata Model VNIR Visible and Near-infrared (spectral region)

TIR Thermal Infrared UNOOSA United Nations Office of Outer Space Affairs VOLCAM Volcanic Ash Mission

TIROS Television and Infrared Operational Satellite URI Uniform Resource Identifier VPN Virtual Private Network

TIRS Thermal Infrared Scanner URL Uniform Resource Locator VRML Virtual Reality Modeling Language

TIS Topographic Information Systems URS User Registration System (EOSDIS) VSAR Variable Synthetic Aperture Radar

TISF Tape Inventory Sequential Files (GSFC) UserDIS User Data Information System VTIR Visible and Thermal Infrared Radiometer

TLS Terrestrial Laser Scanning USDA United State Department of Agriculture W Back to top

TLSCF Team Led Science Computing Facility USGCRP United States Global Change Research Program W/A Working Agreement

TM Thematic Mapper (Landsat 5) USGS United States Geological Survey WAN Wide Area Network

TMI TRMM Microwave Instrument (Japan) USNO United States Naval Observatory WCRP World Climate Research Program

TWMS Tile Web Map Service USNVC United States National Vegetation Classification WCS Web Coverage Service

TMR TOPEX Microwave Radiometer USO Ultra-Stable Oscillator WDVI Weighted Difference Vegetation Index

TOAST Total Ozone Analysis using SBUV/2 and TOVS UTC Universal Time, Coordinated WELD Web Enabled Landsat Data

TOGA Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere UTCF Universal Time Correlation Factor Wetnet Network for Distribution and Joint Analysis of SSM/I (MSFC)

TOMS Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer UTDF Universal Tracking Data Format WFF Wallops Flight Facility

TOPEX Ocean Topography Experiment UTM Universal Transverse Mercator WFOV Wide Field Of View

TOPSAR Topographic Synthetic Aperture Radar UV Ultraviolet WG Working Group

TOVS TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder UWG User Working Group WGCV Working Group on Calibration and Validation (CEOS)

TRACER Tropospheric Radiometer for Atmospheric Chemistry and Environmental Research V Back to top WGD Working Group on Data (CEOS)

TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission V0 Version 0 WGISS Working Group on Information Systems and Services

TRUST TDRSS Resource User Support Terminal VAS VISSR Atmospheric Sounder WGS Wallops Ground System

TSAVI Transformed Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index VATC Verification and Acceptance Testing Center WGS 84 World Geodetic System 1984

TSDIS TRMM Science Data and Information System VCF Vegetation Continuous Fields WHOI Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

TSS TRMM Support System VCL Vegetation Canopy Lidar WiFS Wide Field-of-view-Sensor

TSTOL TRMM System Test and Operations Language VGT SPOT-4 VEGETATION instrument (France) WiMAX Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access

TSU TRMM Science User VHRPC Very High Resolution Panchromatic Camera WIST Warehouse Inventory Search Tool

TURFTS TDRSS User Radio Frequency Test Set VHRR Very High Resolution Radiometer WMO World Meteorological Organization

U Back to top VI Vegetation Index WMS Web Map Service

UAF University of Alaska-Fairbanks VID Vegetation Index Differencing WMTS Web Map Tile Service

UARP Upper Atmosphere Research Program VIIRS Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite WOCE World Ocean Circulation Experiment

UARS Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite VIP Vegetation Index Products WOTIS Wallops Orbital Tracking Information System

UAT User Acceptance Testing VIRGO Variability of Solar Irradiance and Gravity Oscillations WSC White Sands Complex

UAV Unmanned Aerial Vehicle VIRR Visible and Infrared Radiometer WSGT White Sands Ground Terminal
Acronym Definition

WSMC Western Space and Missile Center

WTS Wallops Tracking Station

WWW World Wide Web

WYSIWYG What You See Is What You Get

X Back to top

X-SAR X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar

xDLS eXtensible Distance Learning System

XHTML eXtensible Hyper Text Markup Language

XML eXtensible Markup Language

XP Exchange Point

XPS XUV Photometer System

XSL eXtensible Stylesheet Language

XSLT eXtensible Stylesheet Language Transformation

Y Back to top

YIBS-CEO Yale Institute of Biospheric Studies - Center of Earth Observation

YTD Year To Date

Z Back to top