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WEST VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
GRADUATE SCHOOL
Iloilo City

Besares, Jasnevyn P. Development of Teacher’s Guide and Learner’s Material in English


Utilizing Explicit Instruction Strategy. Unpublished Doctor of Philosophy in
Education (Curriculum Development) Dissertation. West Visayas State University,
Iloilo City, March 2018.

Abstract

This mixed developmental research design with a descriptive method combined a

survey and an interview to develop instructional materials (teacher’s guide and learner’s

material) anchored on the assessment of the problems and challenges encountered by

Grade 2 teachers in teaching the English Subject. The study underwent two phases:

Phase One was the assessment of the problems and challenges encountered by Grade 2

teachers in teaching the English Subject as to Content, Teaching Strategies and

Facilitation of Learning. Findings revealed that the Content of the current instructional

materials used by Grade 2 teachers were neither appropriate and adequate nor

inappropriate and inadequate. Furthermore, it was revealed that the teaching strategies

employed by the teachers were appropriate. In terms of Facilitation of Learning, findings

showed that it was appropriate. Consequently, the problems and challenges

encountered by Grade 2 teachers in teaching the English Subject as narrated by the

informants who were interviewed revolved on inadequacy of instructional materials,

incongruence of the current curriculum guide and learner’s manual, and the need for

utilization of varied teaching strategies. Phase Two was the development of the

instructional materials (teacher’s guide and learner’s material) which included the stages

such as preparation, development, evaluation, try-out, refinement and the finalization.

Needs Assessment survey was utilized to determine content selection incorporated in


WESTVISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY
COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
GRADUATE SCHOOL
Iloilo City

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the instructional materials. On the basis of these results, a teacher’s guide entitled

“Teaching English the SIMPLE Way” and a learner’s material entitled “Learning English

the SIMPLE Way” containing colorful illustrations, power point presentations,

downloaded videos, and varied activities were developed. The developed teacher’s guide

and learner’s material underwent face content validation by the pool of experts and by

the purposively selected teachers. The acceptability level of the instructional materials

was evaluated in terms of their (a) content, (b) format, (c) presentation and

organization, (d) evaluation instrument and (e) accuracy and up-to-datedness of

information. The instructional materials were rated by the pool of experts and teachers

as “appropriate” and “very appropriate” respectively. It was recommended to use the

teacher’s guide entitled “Teaching English the SIMPLE Way” and the learner’s material

entitled “Learning English the SIMPLE Way” in teaching English in Grade 2 as

supplements to the existing instructional materials provided by the Department of

Education.