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g Proj: Admin
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Tel:d Date: 24/08/17
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Joist section

Calculations for timber joists are in accordance with BS5268:Pt 2:1991

Joist size - 300 wide x 300 deep


Timber type - Sawn Softwood as Appendix D Table 98

Span of joist =2m


Span type - Simple

End bearing - left hand end X = 0 mm


Y = 50 mm
- right hand end X = 0 mm
Y = 50 mm
End notches - left hand end - none specified
- right hand end - none specified

Joist centres = 450 mm


Strength class from Table 9 - SC3

Exposure condition - Dry

Maximum design moment = 25 kNm/m


Design shear force at left hand support = 35 kN/m
Design shear force at right hand support = 65 kN/m

Load Description Type A B C Gk Qk


3 Poin 1.0 0.5 10.0 10.0
UDL 0 2.0 10.0 10.0
Bending Check

Determine the allowable bending stress


- basic grade stress,  = 5.3 N/mm2
bp

- modification factors
- for dry exposure K =1
2
- for load duration, long K =1
3
- for depth K = (300/h)0.11
7
= (300/300)0.11
= 1.00
- load sharing system K = 1.1
8

Hence the allowable bending stress


 =  *K *K *K *K
bpall bp 2 3 7 8
= 5.3*1*1*1*1.1
= 5.83 N/mm2

The moment per metre width of floor is 25 kNm/m. Hence, the moment per joist is
M = M*j /1000
j cc
= 25*450/1000
= 11.25 kNm
giving the required section modulus per joist as
z = M *106/
reqd j bpall
= 11.25*106/5.83
= 1929674 mm3

The section modulus of the joist chosen is 4500000 mm^3, which is not exceeded by that required, SECTION OK.

Shear Checks

Left hand support

Determine the allowable shear stress


- basic grade stress,  = 0.67 N/mm2
cpa

- modification factors
- for dry exposure K =1
2
- for load duration, long K =1
3
- no end notch K =1
5
- load sharing system K = 1.1
8
Hence the allowable shear stress
 = *K *K *K *K
cpaall cpa 2 3 5 8
= 0.67*1*1*1*1.1
= 0.74 N/mm2

The shear per metre width of floor is 35 kN/m. Hence, the shear per joist is
R = R *j /1000
lj l cc
= 35*450/1000
= 15.75 kN
giving the required cross sectional area per joist as
A = 3*R *103/(2* )
lreqd lj cpaall
=3*15.75*103/(2*0.74)
= 31926 mm2

The cross sectional area of the joist chosen is


A = b*h
lprov
= 300*300
= 90000 mm2
This is not exceeded by that required, SECTION OK.

Right hand support

Determine the allowable shear stress


- basic grade stress,  = 0.67 N/mm2
cpa

- modification factors
- for dry exposure K =1
2
- for load duration, long K =1
3
- no end notch K =1
5
- load sharing system K = 1.1
8

Hence the allowable shear stress


 = *K *K *K *K
cpaall cpa 2 3 5 8
= 0.67*1*1*1*1.1
= 0.74 N/mm2

The shear per metre width of floor is 65 kNm/m. Hence, the shear per joist is
R = R *j /1000
rj r cc
= 65*450/1000
= 29.25 kN
giving the required cross sectional area per joist as
A = 3*R *103/(2* )
rreqd rj cpaall
=3*29.25*103/(2*0.74)
= 59291 mm2

The cross sectional area of the joist chosen is


A = b*h
rprov
= 300*300
= 90000 mm2
This is not exceeded by that required, SECTION OK.

Bearing Checks

Left hand support

Determine the allowable bearing stress


- basic grade stress,  = 2.2 N/mm2
cpe
(wane prohibited at bearing areas)

- modification factors
- for dry exposure K =1
2
- for load duration, long K =1
3
- for end bearing K =1
4
- load sharing system K = 1.1
8

Hence the allowable bearing stress


 = *K *K *K *K
cpeall cpe 2 3 4 8
= 2.2*1*1*1*1.1
= 2.42 N/mm2

The shear per joist is 15.75 kN, giving the required bearing area as
A = R *103/
blreqd lj cpeall
= 15.75*103/2.42
= 6508 mm2

The bearing area of the joist chosen is


A = b*Y
blprov l
= 300*50
= 15000 mm2
This is not exceeded by that required, SECTION OK.

Right hand support

Determine the allowable bearing stress


- basic grade stress,  = 2.2 N/mm2
cpe
(wane prohibited at bearing areas)

- modification factors
- for dry exposure K =1
2
- for load duration, long K =1
3
- for end bearing K =1
4
- load sharing system K = 1.1
8

Hence the allowable bearing stress


 = *K *K *K *K
cpeall cpe 2 3 4 8
= 2.2*1*1*1*1.1
= 2.42 N/mm2

The shear per joist is 29.25 kN, giving the required bearing area as
A = R *103/
brreqd rj cpeall
= 29.25*103/2.42
= 12087 mm2

The bearing area of the joist chosen is


A = b*Y
brprov r
= 300*50
= 15000 mm2
This is not exceeded by that required, SECTION OK.

Deflection check

The deflection calculated includes for shear deflection and is based on the following
- For a loadsharing system, subject to the restrictions of clause 13(b) for vibration or storage
- Youngs modulus - E = 5800 N/mm2
- Shear modulus - G = 363 N/mm2
- Shape factor - F = 1.2 (for rectangular sections)

and section properties of


- Area - A = 900 cm2
- Mom. of inertia - I = 67500 cm4
The maximum calculated deflection is 1.5 mm

The allowable deflection in accordance with clause 14.7 is


 = 0.003*L
all o
= 0.003*2000
= 6.0 mm

Allowable deflection not exceeded by that applied, SECTION OK.

Section PASSES all checks