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SECTION 15370

PROCESS PIPING AND APPURTENANCES

PART 1 - GENERAL

1.01 DESCRIPTION:

A. Provide and test process pipe, fittings, and appurtenances as indicated and specified.

(NTS: Select and list specification sections for inserting into this subsection based on the
following:
1. Specification sections that contain products and construction that the reader might
expect to find in this section BUT are specified elsewhere.
2. Specification sections referenced in the body of this section.)
1.02 RELATED WORK:

A. Section 01171: Electric Motors

B. Section 02615: Ductile-Iron Pipe and Fittings

C. Section 09941: Field Painting

D. Section 11303: Solids Handling Pumps and Appurtenances

E. Section 11304: Submersible Solids Handling Pumps and Appurtenances

F. Section 11306: Submersible Chopper Pumps and Appurtenances

G. Section 11307: Chopper Pumps and Appurtenances

H. Section 11309: Hose Pumps and Appurtenances

I. Section 13300: Utility Control Instrumentation System

J. Section 15056: Pipe Supports

K. Section 15066: Stainless Steel Pipe and Fittings

L. Section 15072: Steel Pipe and Fittings

M. Section 15101: Process Valves and Appurtenances

1.03 REFERENCES:

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A. American Welding Society: AWS B3.0

B. Manufacturer's Standardization Society: MSS SP-69

C. American Society for Testing and Materials:

1. ASTM A216: Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Carbon, Suitable for
Fusion Welding, for High Temperature Service

2. ASTM A307: Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Externally Threaded


Standard Fasteners

3. B75: Specification for Seamless Copper Tube

4. B88: Specification for Seamless Copper Water Tube

5. B16.15: Standard for Cast Bronze Threaded Fittings, 125 and 250 lb (PN 10, PN
20)

6. B16.18: Standard for Cast Copper Alloy Solder-Joint Pressure Fittings

7. B16.22: Standard for Wrought Copper and Bronze Solder-Joint Pressure Fittings

8. B16.26: Standard for Cast Copper Alloy Fittings for Flared Copper Tubes

9. ASTM D1330: Standard Specification for Rubber-Sheet Gaskets

10. ASTM D1599: Standard Test for Short-Time Rupture Strength of Plastic Pipe,
Tubing and Fittings

11. ASTM D1785: Standard Specification for Polyvinylchloride (PVC) and


Chlorinated Polyvinylchloride (CPVC) Plastic Pipe, Schedules 40, 80 and 120

12. ASTM D2105: Standard Test for Longitudinal Tensile Properties of Reinforced
Thermosetting Plastic Pipe and Tube

13. ASTM D2412: Standard Test for External Loading Properties of Plastic Pipe by
Parallel-Plate Loading

14. ASTM D2564: Standard Specification for Solvent Cements for Polyvinylchloride
(PVC) and Chlorinated Polyvinylchloride (CPVC) Plastic Pipe and Fittings

15. ASTM D2855: Standard Practice for Making Solvent Cemented Joints with
Polyvinylchloride (PVC) and Chlorinated Polyvinylchloride (CPVC) Pipe and
Fittings

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16. ASTM D3222: Standard Specification for Unmodified Polyvinylidene Fluoride
(PVDF) Plastic-Lined Ferrous Metal Pipe and Fittings

17. ASTM F491: Standard Specification for Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) Plastic-
Lined Ferrous Metal Pipe and Fittings

D. American National Standards Institute:

1. ANSI B16.1: AN Standard for Cast Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings, Class
25, 125, 250 and 800

2. ANSI B16.5: AN Standard for Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings, Steel Nickel
Alloy and Other Special Alloys

E. British Standards

1. EN 1057: Copper and Copper Alloys. Seamless, round copper tubes for water and
gas in sanitary and heating applications
2. BS 1377: Methods of tests for soils for civil engineering purposes. General
requirements and sample preparation.
3. BS 3416: Specification for bitumen-based coatings for cold application, suitable for
use in contact with potable water.
4. BS 4772 Specification for ductile iron pipes and fittings
5. BS 4865 Specification for non-metallic envelope gaskets.
6. BS 7874: Method of test for microbial deterioration of elastomeric seals for joints
in pipework and pipelines.

F. Fluid Sealing Association - Technical Handbook.

G. Structural Steel Painting Council:

1. SSPC-SP10.

H. Expansion Joint Manufacturers Association: Standards.

I. CP 2010 : Code of Practice fo Pipelines. Design and Construction of Steel Pipelines in


Land

J. International Organization for Standardization

1. ISO 2084: Pipeline flanges for general use – Metric series – Mating
dimensions
2. ISO 2531: Ductile iron pipes, fittings, accessories and their joints for water
and gas applications.
3. ISO 8179: Ductile iron pipes – External zinc-based coating

K. DIN

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1. DIN 30674-5 : External protection of ductile cast iron pipes, polyethylene
sleeving
.
L. Equivalent British/European codes and standards may be used; however, the equivalency
shall be demonstrated and submitted by the Contractor and approved by the CM/CS.

1.04 SUBMITTALS:

A. Submit the following in accordance with Section 01300:

1. Submit manufacturer's certificates of conformance.

2. Submit certified copies of test reports.

3. Piping layouts in full detail.

4. Location of pipe hangers and supports.

5. Location and type of backup block or device to prevent joint separation.

6. Large scale details of wall penetrations and fabricated fittings.

7. Schedules of all pipe, fittings, special castings, flexible connectors, adapters,


couplings, expansion joints, and other appurtenances.

8. Reports as required for welding certifications per ANSI B31.1 Paragraph 127.6.

9. Catalog cuts of joints, couplings, harnesses, expansion joints, gaskets, fasteners and
other accessories.

10. Brochures and technical data on coatings and linings and proposed method for
application and repair.

11. Manufacturer's descriptive literature and technical data on insulation and proposed
method of installation.

12. Shop drawing data for accessory items.

13. Manufacturer’s literature as needed to supplement certified data.

14. Operating and maintenance instructions and parts lists.

15. Schematic control and power wiring diagrams.

16. Shop and Field inspections reports.

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17. List of recommended spare parts other than those specified.

18. Recommendations for short and long term storage.

19. Special tools.

20. Shop and field testing procedures and equipment to be used.

21. Provide a listing of the materials recommended for each service specified and
indicated. Provide documentation showing compatibility with process fluid and
service specified and as indicated.

22. The most recent ISO 9000 series certification or quality system plan.

23. Material Certification:

a. Provide certification from the equipment manufacturer that the materials of


construction specified are recommended and suitable for the service conditions
specified and as indicated. If materials other than those specified are proposed
based on incompatibility with the service conditions, provide technical data and
certification that the proposed materials are recommended and suitable for the
service conditions specified. And indicated including an installation list of a
minimum of five (5) installations in operation for a minimum of five (5) years.
Provide proposed materials at no additional cost to the Authority.

b. Where materials are not specified, provide technical data and certification that
the proposed materials are recommended and suitable for the service conditions
specified and indicated.

B. A copy of the contract mechanical process, electrical and instrumentation drawings, with
addenda that are applicable to the equipment specified in this section, marked to show all
changes necessary for the equipment proposed for this specification section. If no
changes are required, mark all drawings with “No changes required”.

1. Failure to include all drawings applicable to the equipment specified in this section
will result in submittal return without review.

C. A copy of this specification section with addenda and all referenced specification sections
with addenda, with each paragraph check-marked to indicate specification compliance or
marked to indicate requested deviations and clarifications from the specified
requirements.

1. If deviations and clarifications from the specifications are indicated, therefore


requested by the Contractor, provide a detailed written justification for each
deviation and clarification.

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2. Failure to include a copy of the marked-up specification sections and or the detailed
justifications for any requested deviation or clarification will result in submittal
return without review until marked up specification and justification are
resubmitted with the entire package.

1.05 QUALITY ASSURANCE:

A. Provide in accordance with Section 01400 and as specified.

B. Replace all materials contaminated with gasoline, lubricating oil, liquid or gaseous fuel,
aromatic compounds, paint solvent, paint thinner, and acid solder at no additional cost to
the Owner.

C. Coordinate dimensions and drilling of flanges with flanges for valves, pumps and other
equipment to be installed in piping systems. Bolt holes in flanges to straddle vertical
centerline.

D. Qualification for Pipe Support Structural Attachment Welders: Provide certification that
welders to be employed in work have satisfactorily passed AWS qualification tests. If
recertification of welders is required, retesting is the Contractor's responsibility at no
additional cost to the Owner.

E. Protect piping from dirt, dust, oil, grease, and other foreign matter during installation to
prevent debris from being left in piping.

1.06 DELIVERY, STORAGE AND HANDLING:

A. Provide in accordance with Section 01610 and as specified.

B. Shipping:

1. Ship equipment, material and spare parts complete except where partial
disassembly is required by transportation regulations or for protection of
components.

2. Pack spare parts in containers bearing labels clearly designating contents and pieces
of equipment for which intended.

3. The Contractor shall obtain spare parts from the manufacturer at the same time as
pertaining equipment. The Contractor shall maintain possession of spare parts until
Substantial Completion at which time, all spare parts shall be turned over to the
Owner.

C. Receiving:

1. Inspect and inventory items upon delivery to site.

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2. Store and safeguard equipment, material and spare parts in accordance with
manufacturer's written recommendations and instructions.

1.07 SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS:

D. Refer to the applicable specification sections of Division 1 with regard to providing the
following:

1. Lubricants.

2. Special Tools.

3. Bolts, Anchor Bolts, and Nuts.

4. Sleeves and inserts.

5. Protection against electrolysis.

6. Nameplates.

7. Operating and maintenance instructions and parts lists.

PART 2 - PRODUCTS

2.01 DUCTILE IRON PIPE AND FITTINGS:

A. Provide in accordance with Section 02615.

2.02 STAINLESS STEEL PIPE AND FITTINGS 2-1/2-IN. [65 MM] AND LARGER:

A. Provide in accordance with Section 15066.

2.03 CPVC PIPE AND FITTINGS

A. Schedule 80

B. Material: Type IV, Grade I Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride (CPVC) compound with a
Cell Classification of 23447 per ASTM D1784.

C. Provide pipe and fittings manufactured in compliance to ASTM F441 meeting the
Quality Assurance test requirements of this standard with regard to material,
workmanship, burst pressure, flattening, and extrusion quality.

D. Provide pipe and fittings produced in the USA using domestic materials, by an ISO 9002
certified manufacturer, and shall be stored indoors after production, at the manufacturing
site, until shipped from factory.

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E. Provide pipe and fittings with the National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) seal of approval
for potable water applications.

F. Joining:

1. Solvent cementing process.

2. Provide flanges at valves pumps and equipment only or as indicated and specified.

3. Threaded connections are not acceptable.

2.04 PVC PIPE AND FITTINGS:

A. Schedule 80

B. Material: Type I, Grade I Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) compound with a Cell Classification
of 12454 per ASTM D1784.

C. Provide pipe and fittings manufactured in compliance to ASTM D1785 meeting and/or
exceeding the Quality Assurance test requirements of this standard with regard to
material, workmanship, burst pressure, flattening, and extrusion quality.

D. . Standard lengths of pipe sizes 10" (250 mm) and larger shall be beveled each end by the
pipe manufacturer. All pipe shall be stored indoors after production at the manufacturing
site until shipped from factory.

E. Provide standard lengths of pipe sizes 10-inch [250 mm] and larger beveled each end by
the pipe manufacturer.

F. Provide pipe and fittings with the National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) seal of approval
for potable water applications.

G. Joining:

1. Solvent cementing process.

2. Provide flanges at valves, pumps and equipment only or as indicated and specified.

2.05 PVC CLEAR PIPE AND FITTINGS:

A. Schedule 80 Clear pipe

B. Material: Type I, Grade I Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) compound with a Cell Classification
of 12454 per ASTM D1784.

C. Provide pipe and fittings manufactured in compliance to ASTM D1785, consistently


meeting and/or exceeding the applicable Quality Assurance test requirements of this

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standard with regard to material, workmanship, burst pressure, flattening, and extrusion
quality.
.
D. Provide all Clear PVC pipe and fittings packaged immediately after its manufacture to
prevent damage, and stored indoors at the manufacturing site until shipped from factory.

E. Joining:

1. Solvent cementing process. Use a clear, medium-bodied, fast-setting cement in


conjunction with a clear primer for optimum joint integrity, such as IPS Weld-on
705 Clear cement and IPS Weld-on P-70 Clear primer or acceptable equivalent
product.

2. Clear female threaded transition fittings, incorporating a Type 316 stainless steel
retaining ring. Provide all threaded joints with three wraps of tape in the direction
of the threads on the male end, followed by one to two turns beyond finger tight.

3. Standard rigid thermoplastic pipe fittings with flanges, molded grooved coupling
adapters and unions.

2.06 STEEL PIPE AND FITTINGS 10-IN [250 MM] AND SMALLER:

A. Materials: Carbon steel, ASTM A53, Schedule 40 or 80, black or galvanized as indicated
in the Process Piping Schedule.

B. Joints:

1. Pipe 2-1/2 in [65 mm] and smaller: Screwed joints using malleable-iron fittings,
black or galvanized, to match pipe.

2. Pipe 3-in [80 mm] and larger: Welded joints and butt-weld steel fittings.

3. Provide flanged connections to equipment and valves with 150-lb.(PN 20) weld
neck flat faced flanges.

4. Welding of pipe within classified areas in operation is not acceptable. Provide shop
fabricated sub-assemblies and install with flanges or grooved-couplings as
specified and indicated.

C. Fittings:

1. 2-1/2-in [65 mm]and smaller: Screwed type, 150-lb.(PN 20) malleable iron, black
or galvanized to match the pipe, ASTM A197 or A47, conforming to ANSI B16.3.
Unions of 150-lb.(PN 20) malleable iron with brass to iron seat.

2. 3-in [80 mm] and larger: Butt welded carbon steel to match pipe wall thickness,
ASTM A234, conforming to ANSI B16.9 standards.

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D. Branch Connections:

1. 2-in [50 mm] and smaller connections to welded pipe: Screwed, forged carbon
steel, ASTM A105, 3,000-lb.(PN 420) half-couplings or welding saddle with
threaded outlet.

2. 2-1/2-in [65 mm] and larger pipe connections: Tees or reducing tees. Butt welded
carbon steel to match pipe wall thickness, ASTM A181 GR1 or A105 GR1,
conforming to ANSI B16.1 standards.

E. Flanges: Forged steel, ASTM A181.

1. Slip-on or welding neck type as specified and indicated.

2. Provide 150-lb.(PN 20) flanges drilled and faced.

3. Raised face type: 1/16-in.(1.5 mm) raised faced in accordance with ANSI B16.5.

4. Flat-face, welding neck type: ANSI B16.1 Standard for all connections to valves
and equipment.

5. Gaskets: For flanged joints, 1/16 in (1.5 mm). thick suitable for the service
specified and indicated.

2.07 STEEL PIPE 12-IN [300 MM] AND LARGER

A. Provide in accordance with Section 15072.

2.08 STAINLESS STEEL PIPE AND FITTINGS ½-INCH [15 MM] TO 2-INCH [50 MM]:

A. Provide either Pressfit or a socket welded system.

1. Provide a sufficient number of unions to allow removal of all valves and inline
devices.

2. Provide threaded connections only where required.

B. Pressfit System:

1. Pressfit system, ½-inch [15 mm] through 2-inch [50 mm] Sch 5S comprised of
stainless steel Pressfit fittings, couplings and pipe.

2. Type 316 stainless steel Pressfit couplings and fittings and Type 316 stainless steel
Pressfit pipe UL classified to ANSI/NSF 61 for cold +86 degrees F (+30 degrees C)
and hot +180 degrees F (+82 degrees C) potable water service.

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a. Maximum working pressure of 300 psi [20.6 bar] for water, oil, gas, chemical,
air and vacuum services.

3. Couplings, Fittings: Pressfit products formed of Type 316/316L stainless steel


tubing including a self-contained o-ring seals molded of synthetic EPDM rubber.

4. Valves ½-in [15 mm] through 2-in [50 mm]: ball valves with Type 316 stainless
steel plain ends for Pressfit assembly.

a. Pressure Rating: 300 PSI [20.6 bar]

b. CF8M stainless steel body and ball

c. Type 316 stainless steel stem

d. PTFE seats.

5. Pipe: Type 316/316L ASTM A-312 stainless steel

a. 0.065 wall [1.65 mm]

b. Provide pipe fully finished annealed with polished O.D.

C. Socket Welded System:

1. Schedule 40 Type 316L stainless steel pipe and fittings with socket welded
connections.

2.09 COPPER PIPE AND FITTINGS

A. Materials:

1. Seamless, ASTM B88, EN 1057

2. All materials must meet ANSI/NSF 61

B. Type:

1. Provide Type L ( Type X) within buildings.

2. Provide Type K ( Type Y) for buried service.

C. Joints: Soldered or flared, as indicated.

D. Solder: 95 percent tin, 5% antimony.

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1. Cored solder is not acceptable.

E. Fittings: Cast-bronze

1. Wrought Copper, Socket-Type, ASTM B75, ANSI B16.22 Standard

2. Threaded adapters, bronze ASTM B62, 150-lb.(PN 20)

3. Threaded, ANSI B16.15 Standard

4. Unions bronze ASTM B62, 125-lb.(PN 10) with ground joint seats.

2.10 BASALT LINE ABRASION RESISTANT PIPE AND FITTINGS:

A. Manufacturers:

1. Abresist

2. Or acceptable equivalent product

B. The design requirements for abrasion resistant pipe and fittings:

1. Steel pipe casing and fittings minimum thickness, in.(cm): 0.134 (0.340).

2. Pipe and Fittings Lining: Fused cast basalt.

3. Properties of fused cast basalt lining:

a. Hardness, Mohs scale: 8

b. Density, lb/ft3 ( Kg/m3): 175 (2800)

c. Porosity, %: 0

d. Compressive strength, psi (kg/cm2): 64,000 (4500)

C. Pipe and Fittings

1. Pipe: 2-in [50 mm] through 48-in [1200 mm]:

a. Carbon steel ASTM A139, spiral welded, 0.134-in.(3.5 cm) minimum


thickness. Pipe OD is variable, in accordance with inside diameter, thickness of
liner, steel pipe casing thickness and mortar. Lined with fused cast basalt.

2. Fittings: 2-in [50 mm] through 48-in [1200 mm]:

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a. Carbon steel, ASTM A36, straight seam tubing, 0.134-in.(3.5 cm) minimum
thickness, welded mitered construction, with rotating flanges and retaining
rings, or grooved ends as indicated and specified. Lined with fused cast basalt.

3. Flanges: 2-in [50 mm] through 48-in [1200mm]:

a. Carbon steel, ASTM A36 plate, flat face, fixed or rotating as indicated.
Dimensions according to manufacturers standards. Gasket sealing surfaces of
flanges or retaining rings to be machined with phonographic type finish.

4. Pipe Lining:

a. Provide surfaces of pipe and fittings lined with cylindrical cast, fused basalt
lining of precise uniform thickness up to 20 in [500 mm].

b. Provide engineered tiles for sizes greater than 24 in [600 mm] and larger.

c. Provide linings held in place with Type II Portland cement or epoxy, depending
an application and as recommended by the manufacturer.

d. Provide all pipes lined with fused basalt pressure grouted and free of voids in
the mortar. Pipe lining shall not extend beyond end of pipe.

e. Minimum fused basalt lining thickness-in.

Nominal Pipe Size Pipe Lining Thickness, Fitting Lining


In [mm] in Thickness, in
2 [50] 1.1(27 mm) 1.1(27 mm)
3-14 [80-350] .82(20 mm) 1.1(27 mm)
16-20 [400-500] .87(20 mm) .87(20 mm)
24-48 [600-1200] 1.18(30 mm) 1.18(30 mm)

D. Gaskets: Full-face, 1/8-in.(3 mm) thick, block rubber, canvas insert, 6-70 durometer.

E. Fasteners:

1. Bolts: Carbon steel hex head bolts, manufactured in accordance with ASTM A449
(Type 1).

2. Nuts: Carbon steel heavy hex nuts, manufactured in accordance with ASTM A194
(Graded 2H).

F. Fabrication:

1. Provide standard spool pieces in 18-foot (6 m) lengths with either fixed flanges or
grooved ends as indicated and specified.

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2. Provide make-up lengths with fixed flanges or grooved ends as indicated and
specified.

3. Provide fittings for change of direction (elbows, tees, laterals etc.) with lap flanges
or grooved ends as indicated and specified.

4. Welding: Gas metal arc welding process, using semi-automatic equipment, in


accordance with ASME Section IX.

5. Slip-on type fixed flanges and rings: Full welded on the ID and OD.

6. Provide pipe slides, welded attachments, shear lugs etc. welded into position prior
to lining.

7. Welding to pipe, after lining is not acceptable

2.11 URETHANE PIPE AND FITTINGS:

A. Manufacturers:

1. Creative Urethanes, Durothane AR

2. Or acceptable equivalent product

B. Materials and Physical Properties:

1. Material: Polyurethane

2. Durometer: Shore A: 92.

3. Wet Sand Test Relative Abrasion Resistance: 8, relative to 100

4. Tensile Strength: 5800 psi. (400 kg/cm2)


(
C. Maximum Continuous Operating Temperature Rating: 150 deg. F. (65 deg C)

D. Maximum Continuous Operating Pressure Rating: 50 psi.(350 kPa)

E. Connections:

1. Flanged, 150-lb (PN 20)

2. Grooved end, rigid type.

F. Provide pipe and fittings of translucent orange

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2.12 TITANIUM PIPE AND FITTINGS:

A. Material: Pure Titanium or Titanium alloy suitable for use with 20% sodium
hypochlorite, 13.5 pH, 43 deg. C.

B. Fittings: Flanged or swagelock, titanium.

C. Hardware: Titanium

2.13 PVDF PIPE AND FITTINGS:

A. Type: Rigid PVDF (polyvinylidene fluoride)


®
1. Red Kynar : PVDF compound with a minimum of 1.7% red pigment content for
opaqueness to UV radiation.

2. Properties:

a. Specific Gravity, ASTM D792: 1.76

b. Water Absorption %, 24 hours at 73 deg F (23 deg C), ASTM D570: 0.04

c. Tensile Strength at 73 deg F (23 deg C), ASTM D638: 6,000 psi (400 Bar)

d. Izod Impact Strength at 73 deg F (23 deg C), ASTM D256: 3.8

e. Coefficient of Thermal Expansion, ASTM 696: 7.9 in/in/deg F x 10-5 (18


cm/cm/deg C)
B. Provide Schedule 80 piping and components in accordance with ASTM D 3222 for Type
I homopolymers.

1. Provide pipe manufactured to the same tolerances for outside diameter and wall
thicknesses as outlined in ASTM D 1785 for Schedule 80 pipe.

C. Connections:

1. Pipe and Fittings: Socket-end connections suitable for heat-fusion welding with
socket lengths and wall thicknesses conforming to ASTM D 2467 and socket
diameters in accordance with the manufacturer’s printed recommendations to
provide an interference-fit with the pipe.

2. Threaded connections are not acceptable

3. Connections to pumps, valves and equipment: Flanged

D. Fittings: Industrial, heavy-duty, hub style.

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E. Unions: Provide with an O-ring seal and components interchangeable with true union
valves for maximum system versatility.

F. Transition Unions: Unions intended for joining dissimilar materials, shall utilize
components of the two dissimilar materials, joined with an elastomeric seal to absorb the
thermal-expansion coefficient differential.

G. Pressure Ratings:

1. Pipe and fittings joined by the heat-fusion technique at 73° F (23 deg. C) water
service.

a. ½ in [15 mm] : 580 psi [40 bar]

b. 3/4 in [20 mm] : 470 psi [32 bar]

c. 1 in [25 mm] : 430 psi [29 bar]

d. 1-1/2 in [40 mm] : 320 psi [22 bar]

e. 2 in [50 mm] : 270 psi [18.6 bar]

f. 3 in [80 mm] : 260 psi [18 bar]

g. 4 in [100 mm] : 220 psi [15 bar]

h. 6 in [150 mm] : 190 psi [13 bar]

H. Unions and Flanges (socket end) Pressure Rating:

1. 150 psi [10 bar] non-shock water service at 73° F (23 deg C)

2. Minimum burst requirement: 3.3 times the rated pressure.

3. Provide O-rings and gaskets suitable for the service specified and indicated.

I. Markings: Provide all pipe and fittings clearly marked with the manufacturer’s name or
trademark, nominal size, and country of manufacture.

J. Installation:

1. The Contractor shall retain the services of the piping manufacturer to provide on-
site training for installation and joining.

2. Provide and use specialized joining equipment as recommended by the pipe and
fittings manufacturer.

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3. Do not test with compressed air or other gases.

K. Hardware: Titanium for sodium hypochlorite systems

2.14 PVDF LINED STEEL PIPE AND FITTINGS:

A. Provide polyvinylidene fluoride-lined pipe and fittings in accordance with ASTM F491.

B. Liner: Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) in accordance with ASTM D3222 Kynar Flex
resin.

C. Pipe: Fabricated for ERW steel tubing, lined with PVDF mechanically locked to the pipe
interior by swaging the tubing to NPS dimensions. Schedule 40.

D. Fittings: Cast steel ASTM A216, grade WCB with dimensions and drilling per ANSI
B16.5, Class 150. (PN 20)

E. Flanges: Chamfered forged steel, ASTM A105, with dimensions and drilling per ANSI
B16.5, Class 150. (PN 20)

F. Testing: Provide minimum 15,000 volt electrostatic test with factory test reports.

G. Pipe and fittings requiring venting of gas between pipe wall and the liner are not
acceptable.

2.15 CHEMICAL TUBING AND FITTINGS:

A. Manufacturers:

1. New Age Industries

2. Nalge lnc.

3. Norton Company

4. Or equal.

B. Tubing:

1. Provide braided reinforced flexible PVC tubing resistant to the chemical specified.

2. Tubing to allow tight compression fittings for leak proof connections.

3. Tubing to comply with FDA standards.

4. Tubing to handle a maximum of 130 psi (900 kPa) at 70 deg F (21 deg C).

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C. Fittings:

1. Provide no flow restriction compression fittings when connecting pieces is


required.

2. Provide transition connections as detailed on the drawings.

2.16 PRESSURE GAUGES:

A. Gauges:

1. Non-liquid filled type.

2. Helical wound bourdon tube, Inconel X-750.

3. Welded parts: Type 316 stainless steel.

4. Bearings: Precision Sapphire Type.

5. ½-in [13 mm] NPT bottom male thread connection.

6. Accuracy: ½ percent of scale range.

7. 4 -1/2-inch [115 mm] diameter with ABS plastic case.

8. Provide external adjustment.

9. Pipe and Fittings: Schedule 5 Pressfit or Schedule 40 threaded or socket welded,


Type 316L stainless steel.

(NTS: Include the following for all dry pit pumps.


10. Pump Suction Gauges: Provide gauges with range to cover both the normal
operating range and the range of pressures that will result from flushing.

(NTS: Include the following for all pumps.


11. Pump Discharge Gauges: Provide gauges with range to cover the normal operating
range, above the pump shutoff head and the range of pressures that will result from
flushing.

(NTS: Include the following for seal water panels and seal water systems.
12. Seal Water Gauges: Provide gauges with range to cover both the normal operating
range and the range of pressures that will result from flushing.

(NTS: Include the following for seal water panels and seal water systems.

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-18 20-Nov-08


13. Double Wall Stainless Steel Expansion Joint Gauges: Provide gauges with ranges
to suit process line pressure as specified and indicated for the service specified in
the Process Piping Schedule.

B. Pipe and fittings: Type 316L stainless steel, provide in accordance with Section 15370

C. Ball valves: General service ball valves, stainless steel in accordance with Section
15101.

D. Pressure Sensor Rings:

1. 1-in [25 mm] and Larger: Provide sensor/isolators that fit inside the bolt circle of
150-lb (PN 20) or 300-lb ( PN 50) ANSI flanges as required.

2. ¾-in [19 mm] and Smaller: Provide sensor/isolators full flange or threaded as
specified and indicated. For chemical system provide full flange, threaded
connections are not acceptable.

3. Face to face length of the sensor: Conform to Specification MSS-SP67.

4. Type: Flow through design with flexible sleeve around full circumference. The
center section shall have a cavity behind the sleeve filled with silicone fluid to
transfer pressure to the gauge.

5. Rigidly support all pressure instruments by a post at least 7/8 in. [22 mm] diameter
welded to the isolator. On sensor rings with more than one instrument, provide all
connections 1/2-in. [13 mm] NPT as a minimum, 1/4-in. [6 mm] NPT fittings are
not acceptable.

6. Provide sensor/isolator rings that do not have any fill plugs or valves that can be
inadvertently removed with the resultant loss of fill fluid. Pressure sensor/isolators
using valves are not acceptable.

7. Provide liquid filled sensor/isolators permanently vacuum sealed at the factory with
a modular seal consisting of a membrane and needle fitting to allow removal and
replacement of pressure instruments without compromising the vacuum fill.
Sensor/isolators using valves are not acceptable.

8. Provide the needle fitting with both 1/4-in. [6 mm] NPT(F) threads and 1/2-in.[13
mm] NPT(M) threads.

9. Provide the pressure sensor/isolator capable of operating under pressure with all
pressure instruments removed with no loss of fill fluid and without the need for
isolating valves.

10. Attach pressure instruments to the isolator with a hand tightened lock ring.

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-19 20-Nov-08


11. It shall be possible to remove or attach pressure instruments to the isolator without
requiring the use of any tools.

12. Permanently fill the pressure sensor with high viscosity silicone instrument oil to
damp out surges or pressure spikes without the requirement for a separate snubber.

13. Pressure rating: 200 psi [14 bar] minimum for all lines tested at 150 psi [15 bar] or
less and 600 psi [41 bar] minimum per lines tested above 150 psi [15 bar].

14. Provide gauges as specified herein. Provide all other types of instruments indicated
and specified in accordance with Section 13300.

15. Materials:

a. Pressure sensor/isolator rings: Provide materials suitable for the service


conditions specified and indicated, as a minimum provide the following

Service Body & Plates Sleeve


Water Type 316L Stainless Steel Natural Rubber
Wastewater Type 316L Stainless Steel Natural Rubber
Sludge Type 316L Stainless Steel Natural Rubber
Scum Type 316L Stainless Steel Natural Rubber
Septage Type 316L Stainless Steel Natural Rubber
Grit Type 316L Stainless Steel Natural Rubber
Sodium Hypochlorite Titanium Hypalon
Sodium Bisulfite Type 316L Stainless Steel Hypalon
Sodium Hydroxide Type 316L Stainless Steel Hypalon
Ferric Chloride Kynar Coated Steel Hypalon
Potassium Permanganate Type 316L Stainless Steel Natural Rubber
Methanol Type 316L Stainless Steel Natural Rubber
Lime Type 316L Stainless Steel Natural Rubber
Polymer Type 316L Stainless Steel Viton
Bioxide Type 316L Stainless Steel Buna-N

2.17 PRESSURE AND FLOW INSTRUMENTATION:

A. Provide in accordance with Section 13300.

2. 18 COUPLINGS-SLEEVE TYPE:

A. Manufacturers:

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-20 20-Nov-08


1. Romac

2. Smith Blair

3. Viking Johnson

4. Dresser

5. Or acceptable equivalent product.

B. Provide couplings meeting AWWA C219

C. Couplings 12-in [300 mm] and smaller:

1. End rings and center rings: ASTM A536 ductile iron, fusion bonded epoxy coated

2. Gaskets: Buna-N, NSF 61 approved

3. Hardware: Type 316 stainless steel

D. Couplings 14-in [350 mm] and larger:

1. End rings and center rings: ASTM A36 steel, fusion bonded epoxy coated

2. Gaskets: Buna-N, NSF 61 approved

3. Hardware: Type 316 stainless steel

E. Bridles and tierods: Minimum ¾-in [19 mm] diameter, except where tierods replace
flange bolts of smaller size, in which case fit with nut on each side of pair of flanges.

1. Provide as indicated

2.19 COUPLINGS-BOLTED SPLIT SLEEVE TYPE:

A. Type: Bolted, split-sleeve type coupling consisting of four basic components; one piece
housing, gaskets assembly, bolts and nuts, and restraint rings as required for restraint.

1. Provide split-sleeve with a double arch cross section closing around pipe ends that
are smooth for expansion or contraction requirements or pipe ends with end rings
affixed for pipe end restraint requirements. As the coupling housing closes, it
confines the elastomeric gasket beneath the arches of the sleeve to create the radial
seal. The axial seal is affected by the sealing plate at the closure plates as the bolts
pull the coupling housing snug around the pipe.

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-21 20-Nov-08


2. Provide sealing members comprised of two “O” ring gaskets and an elastomer
sealing pad bonded to the integral sealing plate.

B. Provide couplings designed for the type, size, and working pressure of the piping system
as indicated in the Process Piping Schedule and specified.

C. Materials:

1. Split-sleeve:

a. Carbon Steel and Ductile Iron pipelines: ASTM A-36 Carbon Steel.

b. Stainless steel pipelines, ASTM A-240 Type 316L stainless steel.

2. Gaskets:

a. Material: Elastomers in accordance with ASTM D-2000.

(1) Air Service: Silicone conforming to ASTM D-2000 for air service up to
240 F.(115 deg. C) with intermittent exposure to 280 F (140 deg. C).

(2) Liquid Service: Isoprene or Buna-N conforming to ASTM D-2000 for


service within the temperature range of -20 F to 180 F.(-29 C to 82 C)

3. Bolts and Nuts:

a. Bolts: Stainless steel conforming to ASTM F593 Type 316, minimum tensile
strength 85,000 p.s.i. , (6000 kg/cm2) (or threaded studs to ASTM A-193, Class
2 Grade B8M Type 316)

b. Nuts: ASTM F593 Type 316.

4. End Rings:

a. Provide restraint rings of the same material as the coupling housing.

b. Non-restrained (ExE) type couplings allows for up to 4 degree deflection.


Provides for coupling joint where restraint is not required. If restraint is
required, it must be provided independent of the coupling.

c. Fixed x Expansion (FxE) type couplings: Allows for thermal expansion and
contraction at the pipe joint. Provide one or two restraint rings fixed to one end
of the pipe to keep coupling in the proper location. Where split sleeve coupling
FxE for expansion is used provide the expansion side of the coupling with a
combination of fixed and sliding supports for thermal movement.

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-22 20-Nov-08


d. Fixed x Fixed (FxF) type couplings: Provides a fully restrained pipe joint.
Provide one restraint ring welded to each of the pipe ends fitting beneath the
coupling to prevent the pipe joint from pulling apart.

(NTS: Indicate the type of coupling (FxE, ExE or FxF) on the drawings.
e. Provide type as indicated and specified.

f. Follow manufacturer’s written recommendations and instructions for location


dimensions and welding detail required to attach the restraint rings.

D. Protective Coating: Prior to installation, couplings shall be coated on the I.D. and O.D. in
accordance with section 09940 and 09941.

E. Couplings installed underground: Provide bitumastic coating or joint tape wrap.

F. Installation of couplings shall be in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendation.

1. The coupling housing shall be assembled pulling the closure plates together with
the bolts tightened to assure snug coupling housing contact with the pipe OD.
Follow the manufacture’s recommendation regarding the installation and tightening
of the bolts.

2.20 EXPANSION JOINTS-ELASTOMERIC FLEXIBLE CONNECTION:

A. General: Provide flexible connectors as indicated, specified and as required for ductile
iron, steel and stainless steel piping

1. At equipment connection: To eliminate vibration and stress on equipment.

2. Elsewhere: Designed for expansion/contraction.

a. 1.25 in. per 100 feet (1 mm/m) hot water systems.

b. 0.5 in. per 100 feet, other piping systems. (0.4 mm/m)

B. Manufacturers:

1. Mercer Rubber Co.

2. General Rubber Co.

3. Garlock, Inc.

4. Or acceptable equivalent product.

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-23 20-Nov-08


C. Products:

1. Straight-through or tapered design as required.

2. Filled arch type for wastewater, sludge and scum applications

3. Furnish control rods for test pressures as indicated or required.

4. Materials: Suitable for service specified and indicated.

5. At expansion joints, provide guide supports located per manufacturer's


recommendations.

6. Flanges: 125 lb.( PN 10) drilling.

7. Provide Type 316 stainless steel retaining rings.

D. Install joints in their neutral position.

2.21 EXPANSION JOINTS-STAINLESS STEEL:

A. Manufacturers:

1. Pathway

2. Flexonic

3. Adsco

4. Or acceptable equivalent product.

B. Design Criteria:

1. Liquid: Service as indicated in the Process Pump Schedule.

2. Liquid Temperature: As indicated in the Process Pump Schedule.

3. Minimum Pressure Rating: 150 psi (PN 20) minimum or as indicated in the
Process Piping Schedule.

4. Minimum Lateral Movement: 0.125-inch. (3.2 mm)

5. Minimum Axial Movement: 0.4-inch (10.16 mm)

6. For expansion joints used on pump discharge nozzles the Contractor shall
coordinate the rod size and movement allowable with the pump manufacturer and
provide a statement from the pump manufacturer that the expansion joint and rod

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-24 20-Nov-08


size is acceptable for the pump provided.

C. Products:

1. Provide bellows of two ply construction formed from concentric tubes having only
longitudinal seams.

2. For two ply construction, each ply shall be capable of retaining the rated pressure at
the specified temperature independently.

3. For two ply construction, seal weld both plies so that no gas or liquid leaks out at
the ends.

4. For two-ply construction, provide a pressure monitoring connection with pressure


gauge and pressure switch as specified herein for the annular space.

5. Provide control rods for test pressure.

6. Provide minimum two lifting lugs on each joint. Each lug shall be designed to
carry the entire weight of the assembly.

7. Provide each joint with a liner and mark a flow arrow on the outside to indicate
direction of flow.

8. Provide each expansion joint with a Type 316 stainless steel nameplate indicating
size, bellows material, pressure and temperature rating, lateral and axial limits on
movement, date of manufacturer, and the manufacturer.

D. Materials:

1. Bellows:

a. Inner Ply: Inconel alloy 625, minimum 0.048-inch (1.22 mm) thick.

b. Outer Ply: Inconel alloy 625, minimum 0.048-inch (1.22 mm) thick.

2. Liner: Type 316L stainless steel, minimum 0.1875-inch ( 4.76 mm) thick.

3. Flanges: Type 316L stainless steel, Class 150. (PN 20)

4. Limit Rods/Nuts and Hardware: Type 316 stainless steel.

E. Install joints in their neutral position.

2.22 EXPANSION JOINTS-CHEMICAL SERVICE:

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-25 20-Nov-08


A. Service Conditions:

1. 15 to 20% sodium hypochlorite solution.

a. Temperature: 110 deg. C.

b. pH: 11 to 13.5.

2. 50% caustic soda.

3. Working Pressure: 150 psi [10 bar]

4. Mating Pipe: SCH 80 CPVC, SCH 80 PVC, Kynar lined steel or stainless steel as
indicated in the Process Piping Schedule.

B. Type: Bellows

1. Capable of angular, parallel and rotary misalignment at maximum extended and


minimum retracted length when mechanically limited by restraints.

2. Joints, as specified, must be manufacturers standard cataloged product.

C. Materials:

1. Convoluted Components: Pure white virgin PTFE-Fluorocarbon resin conforming


to ASTM D1457 without pigments, lubricants or additives of any kind and suitable
for the service specified. Provide a written recommendation from the expansion
joint manufacturer.

a. Wall thickness: Suitable for the service specified or indicated and as


recommended by the joint manufacturer.

2. Reinforcing rings:

a. Type 316 stainless steel for caustic service.

b. Titanium or Kynar coated for sodium hypochlorite service.

3. Flanges: Drilled and tapped to 150-lb ANSI standard (PN 20).

a. Type 316 stainless steel for caustic service.

b. Titanium or Kynar coated for sodium hypochlorite service.

4. Hardware:

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-26 20-Nov-08


a. Type 316 stainless steel for caustic service.

b. Titanium for sodium hypochlorite service.

D. Joint Testing:

1. Leak free after 100,000 cycles at maximum rated travel 10 cycles per minute at 21
deg C.

2. Test at 75 psi.(500 kPa)

3. Provide high intensity light test to detect any imperfections or inclusions.

4. Provide a 10,000 volt spark test, no arcing is acceptable.

2.23 SAFETY SHIELDS-CHEMICAL SERVICE:

A. Provide shield type and materials for the service specified. Provide a written
recommendation from the safety shield manufacturer.

B. Material: Non-porous teflon-impregnated glass cloth with a 5 mil thickness and sewn
with 100 percent teflon thread and velcor closures and folded in a trifold design with an
0.82 mil teflon cord inserted on the sides to act as a draw string tying on the flange neck.
Provide for use with 150 lb ANSI flanges.(PN 20, ISO 2084)

C. Draw string or cord: 100 percent virgin unbleached teflon fiber.

D. Provide a clear leak indicating window with a pH paper insert that will change color to
indicate a leak.

E. Provide shields with a working temperature rating of 93 deg. C and a working pressure
rating of 200 psi.( 13 Bar)

F. Install safety shield for the following:

1. Expansion joints chemical services.

2. Flanged connections on chemical system pipe and fittings.

2.24 FLOW RATE INDICATORS:

A. Type: Rotometer with integral flow control valve.

B. Materials:

1. Polysulfone body with threaded ends,

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-27 20-Nov-08


2. Type 316 stainless steel float and guide.

C. Calibrate in gpm [L/min].

D. Accuracy +2% of full scale reading over 10:1 range.

E. Capacities as indicated. For pump seal water services provide with range as
recommended by the pumping equipment manufacturer.

F. Working Pressure Rating: 150 psi [10 bar].

2.25 HOSE, HOSE FITTINGS AND ACCESSORIES:

A. Hose Manufacturers:

1. Goodrich, HPD Industries

2. Goodyear

3. United Rubber Supply

4. Goodall

5. Or acceptable equivalent product.

B. Fittings Manufacturers:

1. Cam and groove couplings, nozzles and appurtenances bronze:

a. Dickson

b. Dover Corp

c. Ever-Tite Coupling Co

d. Or acceptable equivalent product.

C. Hose: 1-1/4-inch [32 mm]

1. Provide 4-ply rubber-lined and rubber-covered water hose for 150 psi [10 bar]
working pressure.

2. Provide in 25 foot [7.5 meter] lengths.

3. Provide each hose section with a male and female cam and groove type coupling.

4. Nozzle and Coupling:

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-28 20-Nov-08


a. Provide an adjustable hose nozzle and a male cam and groove coupling for
every two (2) lengths of hose.

b. Provide each nozzle with male cam and groove coupling.

c. Material: Type 316 stainless steel.

5. Hose Racks:

a. Heavyweight, Type 316 stainless steel, semicircular wall-mounted hose racks.

b. Furnish one hose rack for each two lengths of hose at locations indicated.

6. Provide 1-1/4-inch [32 mm] female cam and groove type coupling on each hose.

D. Hose: ¾-inch [20 mm]

1. Provide 2-ply water hose, 200 psi [14 bar] working pressure, 50 foot [15 meter]
lengths, at locations indicated.

2. Provide Type 316 stainless steel male and female hose couplings and one heavy-
duty Type 316 stainless steel adjustable hose nozzle for each 1-1/2-inch [20 mm]
hose.

3. Gaskets: Natural or Buna-N rubber.

4. Hose racks:

a. Heavy-gage Type 316 stainless steel, semicircular type for wall mounting for
each 50 foot [15 meter] hose length.

2.27 Y-PATTERN STRAINERS-CLEAR NON METALLIC

A. Sizes: ½-in [15 mm] thru 2-in [50 mm]

B. Materials:

1. Body and Cap: Clear Type I, Grade I Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) compound with a
Cell Classification of 12454 per ASTM D1784.

2. Seals: Viton

3. Screen: PVC with 1/32-in ( 0.8 mm) perforations

C. Ends: Socket

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-29 20-Nov-08


D. Pressure Rating: 150 psi (1000 kPa) at 70 deg F (21 deg C)

2.28 Y-PATTERN STRAINERS-METALLIC:

A. 3-in [80 mm] and Smaller:

1. Materials:

a. Body, Cover and Plug: ASTM A351 CF8M (316) stainless steel

b. Screen: Type 304 stainless steel

2. Screens:

a. 2-in [50 mm] and Smaller: 20 mesh

b. 2-1/2-in [65 mm] and 3-in [80 mm]: 0.045 perf

3. Ends: Threaded

4. Pressure Rating: 1440 psi (10,000 kPa) 100 deg F (38 deg C) WOG

5. Blow Off: Provide an NPT tapped blow off connection of the size recommended by
the strainer manufacturer.

2.29 BASKET STRAINERS-CHEMICAL SERVICE:


(NTS: Specify the chemical and the service conditions or specify on the chemical pump
schedule and do not edit the next paragraph.

A. Service Conditions:

1. Provide strainers suitable for the chemical service as indicated in the equipment
schedules.

2. Provide size and type, simplex and duplex, as indicated.

B. Materials:

1. Body and Cover: CPVC

2. Valves for duplex strainers: CPVC

3. O-rings: Hypalon

4. Baskets: CPVC with 1/16-in [1.58 mm] perforations

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-30 20-Nov-08


C. Covers: Threaded with hand operable vent.

D. Body:

1. Provide with and operable drain.

E. Provide with integral flat mounting base.

F. Ball Valves for duplex strainers: Provide a 3-way ball valve at the inlet and outlet,
mechanically connected with true-union connections.

G. Pressure Rating: 150 psi [10000 kPa].

H. End Connections: Flanged 150 psi ANSI [PN20] standard.

I. Duplex Strainer Configuration: Provide configuration as indicated.

2.30 INLINE SELF-CLEANING STRAINERS:

A. Type: Peripheral inflow design, self cleaning with cylindrical straining screens.

B. Straining Screens: Wedge-Wire Type.

1. Material: Type 316 stainless steel.

2. Provide rigid scraper bars mounted adjacent to the screens.

C. Strainer Body: Cast Iron ASTM A278 Class 30:

1. Provide body with inline inlet and outlet, flanged, 150-lb (PN 20).

2. Provide factory hydrostatic testing of body at 150% of the maximum working


pressure of the strainer.

3. Provide rigid scraper bars mounted adjacent to the screens.

4. Provide an inspection port and cover for access to the scraper bars for inspection
and adjustment without disassembly or removal the strainer from the pipeline.

5. Provide a sump for solids removed from the flow stream.

6. Reject Valve:

a. Provide a 220 V, NEMA 4X electric motor operated ball valve operated by the
control logic to flush solids from the strainer during the cleaning sequence.

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-31 20-Nov-08


b. Provide valves in accordance with Section 15101.

D. Motors:

1. Provide in accordance with Section 01171 and as specified.

2. Enclosure: TEFC.

3. Service Factor: 1.15.

4. Insulation: Class F.

(NTS: The following is a typical strainer schedule, edit to suit project requirements.

E. Strainer Schedule:

1. Service: Screened and De-gritted Wastewater

a. Tag Number: STRN-1

b. Number of Units: 1

c. Maximum Flow: 435 gpm (0.03 m3/min)

d. Strainer inlet/outlet size: 4-inch.(100 mm)

e. Number of screens/strainer: 2

f. Screen Slot Width: 0.009 inches ().225 mm)

g. Pressure Drop at Design Flow: 2 psi (15 kPa)

h. Motors:

(1) Number: 2

(2) 1/3 hp,( 0.250 kw) (220 /1 /50 Hz)

i. Reject Valve:

(1) Number: 1

(2) Size: 2-inch (50 mm) ball valve

(3) Operator: (220 V), IP67

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-32 20-Nov-08


F. Controls:

1. Provide a NEMA 4X Type 316L stainless steel control panel with the following:

a. Disconnect.

b. Motor starters.

c. H/O/A switch. In the HAND position the screen drives and reject valve are
actuated. In the AUTO position the screens operate and the reject valve open
based on differential pressure. Provide a timer to allow setting of the time
between cleaning cycles, adjustable from 1 minute to 24 hours.

d. Manual START momentary pushbutton to start a cleaning cycle.

e. Indicating lights: RED run and GREEN off.

f. High Pressure indication and alarm with automatic reset.

G. Provide a differential pressure device for strainer backwash control.


Materials:

2.31 WALL AND FLOOR SLEEVES:

A. Materials:

1. Floor Sleeves:

a. 3-in.( 80 mm) and Smaller: Schedule 40 Galvanized steel ASTM A53 GRB

b. 4-in.( 100 mm) and larger: Ductile iron in accordance with Section 02615

2. Wall Sleeves Between a Dry Area and a Wet Area (Tank, Channel etc)

a. Schedule 40 Type 316L stainless steel

3. Wall Sleeves Between Dry Area or Between Dry Area and Ground

a. 3-in. (80 mm) and Smaller: Schedule 40 Galvanized steel ASTM A53 GRB

b. 4-in.(100 mm) and larger: Ductile iron in accordance with Section 02615

B. Water Stops: Provide water stops welded on both sides. Provide water stops 1/4-in.(8
mm) thick and 2-in.(50 mm) high and centered on the wall thickness.

C. Provide modular, mechanical type seals, consisting of inter-locking synthetic rubber links
shaped to continuously fill the annular space between the pipe and the wall opening.

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-33 20-Nov-08


D. Provide the elastomeric elements sized and selected per manufacturer’s recommendations
and have the following properties as designated by ASTM. Coloration shall be
throughout elastomer for positive field inspection. Each link shall have a permanent
identification of the size and manufacturer’s name molded into it.

E. Temperature Range: -40 to +250ºF (-40 to 120 deg C)

1. Material: EPDM, ATSM D2000 M3 BA510

2. Color: Black

F. Modular seal pressure plates: Molded of glass reinforced Nylon Polymer with the
following properties:

1. Izod Impact – Notched: 2.05ft-lb/in. per ASTM D-256

2 Flexural Strength @ Yield: 30,750 psi (2100 kg/cm2) per ASTM D-790

3. Flexural Modulus: 1,124,000 psi (80,000 kg/cm2) per ASTM D-790

4. Elongation Break: 11.07% per ASTM D-638

5. Specific Gravity:1.38 per ASTM D-792

G. Hardware: Type 316 stainless steel.

2.32 PIGS, LAUNCHERS AND CATCHERS:

A. Pigs:

1. Manufacturers:

a. Girard Poly-Pig

b. Knapp Inc.

c. Pipeline Pigging Products

d. Or acceptable equivalent product.

2. Material: Open cell polyurethane foam with 90A durometer urethane rubber
coating.

3. Construction: Provide base with concave seal. Provide parabolic shaped nose.

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-34 20-Nov-08


4. Types:

a. Gauging and direction of flow pigs:

(1) Provide with flexible polyethylene rear seal.

(2) Gauging Pigs: 5 to 8 lbs/cf foam density. (80 kg/m3 to 130 kg/m3)

(3) Direction of Flow Pigs: 1-1/2 to 2 lbs/cf foam density. (24 kg/m3 to 32
kg/m3)

(4) Provide four of each type for each size launcher as indicated.

b. Cleaning Pigs:

(1) 5 lbs/cf foam density. (80 kg/m3)

(2) Provide criss-cross turning pattern consisting of two spirals applied to


the surface of the pig in the same direction but at different pitches.

(3) Provide four for each size launcher as indicated.

c. Provide pigs to traverse short radius 90 degrees bends and eccentric and
concentric reducers and capable of reducing to 60 percent of the original cross-
section.

d. Provide pigs for cleaning glass lined ductile iron pipe and fittings.

B. Launchers and Catchers:

1. Manufacturers:

a. Girard Poly-Pig

b. Knapp Inc.

c. Pipeline Pigging Products

d. Or acceptable equivalent product.

2. Fabricated as indicated.

3. Provide a device for indication of pig arrival for all catchers.

4. Size, pressure rating and location as indicated.

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-35 20-Nov-08


(NTS: Include the following for projects that require hydraulic oil systems such as slide
gate actuators.)
2.33 HYDRAULIC TUBING

A. Material: Type 316L stainless steel in accordance with ASTM 269, cold drawn, annealed,
pickled and pressure tested hydraulic tubing.

B. Provide tubing manufactured for bending and flaring.

C. Working pressure: 2000 psi.(14,000 kPa)

1. Provide tubing with a minimum safety factor of 6:1 based on maximum working
pressure.

D. Joints: Swagelock.

E. Fittings: Forged, Type 316L stainless steel with ends to suit valve and equipment
connections.

2.34 TRANSITION COUPLINGS:

A. Provide coupling in accordance with AWWA C219 as as specified herein

B. Sizes: 2-in [50 mm] through 24-in [600 mm]

C. Materials:

1. End rings and center rings: Ductile iron ASTM A 536.

2. Gaskets: Virgin Styrene Butadiene Rubber(SBR) suitable for potable water and
wastewater service, ASTM D 2000 MBA 710.

3. Provide 5/8 inch, Type 316 Stainless steel bolts and nuts

D. Working Pressure: 250 psi.(1800 kPa)

E. Lining and Coating: Fusion bonded epoxy in accordance with AWWA C213.

2.35 DISMANTLING JOINTS

A. Materials:

1. Flanged Spool: AWWA Class D steel ring flange compatible with ANSI class 125
(PN 10) and 150 (PN 20) bolt circles. Provide pipe of ASTM A36 plate 1 percent
cold expanded to size.

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-36 20-Nov-08


2. End Ring and Body: ASTM A36 steel

3. Gaskets: ASTM 2000 Virgin NBR suitable for wastewater service

4. Bolts and Nuts: Type 316 stainless steel

5. Tie Rods: Type 316 stainless steel

B. Assembly Tolerance: 3 inches (75 mm)

C. Coating: Fusion bonded epoxy, NSF 61 certified

D. Pressure Rating: 150 psi (1,000 kPa)working pressure

E. Manufacturers

1. Romac

2. Viking Johnson

3. Or acceptable equivalent product

2.36 INSULATION

A. Provide insulation where specified and indicated

B. Work in compliance with Uniform Mechanical Code.

C. Provide composite insulation, complete with:

1. Insulation.

2. Jacket or covering.

3. Sealer/adhesive.

D. Insulation for interior piping, valves, and fittings:

1. Manufacturers

a. Owens-Corning.

b. Schuller International, Inc.

c. Knauf

d. Or acceptable equivalent product.

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-37 20-Nov-08


2.
a. Pipe insulation: Rigid fiberglass

b. Minimum density: 3.0 pounds per cubic foot (48 kg/m3) and a thermal
conductivity at 75 deg. F (24 deg C) of not greater than 0.28 BTU-
in./hr/sq.ft/deg F. (0.04 W/m-C)

c. Provide the insulation fabricated in hollow cylinders to fit the pipe to be


insulated. Longitudinally split and hinged such that, for installation, they
are opened then closed over the pipe.

d. Provide insulation covered with a factory applied, all service, vapor barrier
jacket having a permeance of 0.02 perm.

(1) Provide the jacket longitudinally split where the insulation is split
for ease of installation.

(2) Provide the jacket consisting of high density white kraft bonded to
aluminum foil, and reinforced with fiberglass yarn. Provide the
kraft chemically treated for fire safety and to minimize corrosion
of the foil.

(3) Provide the jacket suitable for painting.

(4) Provide a 2-inch [50 mm] overlap on the longitudinal seam for
sealing the seam vapor tight.

(5) Provide an adhesive used as a sealant, staples are not acceptable.

(6) Provide 2-inch [50 mm] wide butt strips of the same material as the
jacket to seal butt ends of insulation/jacket sections vapor tight.

(7) Provide a 30 mil thick PVC jacket over the insulation and vapor
barrier jacket.

e. For the composite of the insulation, jacket, and sealants, the flame spread
rating shall not exceed 25 and the smoke development rating 50 per
ASTM E-84, NFPA-255, and UL-723.

f. Provide the jacket resistant to fungal and bacterial growth.

g. Insulation for interior fittings and valves: Fiberglass inserts covered with
PVC jackets, all preformed to fit the fittings and valves.

(1) Provide a minimum thickness of the fiberglass insert of 1.50 inches


[38 mm] or at least the thickness of the pipe insulation, whichever
is greater (this may require that more than one layer of insert be

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-38 20-Nov-08


installed and the first layers secured in a manner to eliminate
voids).

E. Insulation for exterior and buried piping, valves, and fittings:

1. Manufacturers:

a. Eastern Refractories

b. INFAB

c. Insulation Materials Corp

d. Or acceptable equivalent product.

2. Provide composite insulation complete with:

a. Pipe wrap.

b. Insulation.

c. Jacket or covering.

d. Sealer/adhesive.

3. Products:

a. Provide pipe wrap to protect pipe from abrasion.

b. Provide closed cell glass insulation for buried service.

(1) 8.5 pcf minimum density.(136 kg/m3)

(2) 100 psi minimum compressive strength (7 kg/m2).

(a) Maximum permeability of 0.005 perm. inch.

(3) Provide all weather underground jacketing sealed and secured to


piping per the manufacturer's written instructions.

2.37 STAINLESS STEEL HOSE AND FITTINGS:

A. Manufacturers:

1. Anamet, Inc Series 616

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-39 20-Nov-08


2. Or acceptable equivalent product

B. Provide corrugated stainless steel hose


(NTS: Edit the following to suit project conditions for size and pressure requirements.)

C. Pressure Rating:

1. Maximum working pressure: Unbraided type

a. 3/8-in [10 mm] and smaller: 250 psi (1800 kPa)

b. 1/2-in [15 mm]: 60 psi (400 kPa)

c. 3/4-in [20 mm] to 1-in [25 mm]: 40 psi (300 kPa)

d. 1-1/4-in [32 mm]: 20 psi (150 kPa)

e. 1-1/2-in [40 mm]: 15 psi (120 kPa)

f. 2-in [50 mm] to 3-in [80 mm]: 10 psi (75 kPa)

2. Maximum working pressure: Single braided type

a. 1/2-in [15 mm] and smaller: 1000 psi (7000 kPa)

b. 3/4-in [20 mm] to 2-in [50 mm]: 450 psi 350 kPa)

c. 2-1/2-in [65 mm] to 4-in [100 mm]: 300 psi (3000 kPa)

3. Safety Factor: 4:1

D. Material:

1. Core: Type 316

2. Braid: Type 316L stainless steel

3. Ends: Type 316L stainless steel

E. Ends: Provide type as indicated

1. ¾ -in [20 mm] to 3-in [80 mm]: 150-lb (PN 20) welded female union end

2. ¾-in [20 mm] and larger: 150-lb (PN 20) flat faced floating flanged

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-40 20-Nov-08


PART 3 – EXECUTION

3.01 INSTALLATION:

A. Install items in accordance with manufacturer's printed instructions and as indicated and
specified.

B. Ensure interior lines parallel to building walls wherever possible. Install piping to
accurate lines and grades, and support. Provide pipe supports as specified under Section
15056 except runs of PVC piping. Where temporary supports are used, ensure rigidity, to
prevent shifting or distortion of pipe. Provide for expansion.

C. Support piping laid in trenches in trench on bed of selected backfill material which
maintains desired line and grade.

D. Pitch all piping toward low points. Provide for draining low points.

E. Before assembly, remove all dirt and chips from inside pipe and fittings.

F. Use dielectric bushings or unions when ferrous pipes join nonferrous pipes carrying
liquid either underground or elsewhere.

G. Welding in accordance with ANSI Standard B31 and AWS B3.0.

3.02 WALL SLEEVE SEALS:

A. Expand rubber against pipe and sleeve by tightening bolts when assembled around pipe
and inserted in wall.

3.03 TEMPORARY PLUGS:

A. Close open ends of pipe with temporary plugs or caps when pipe installation is not in
progress. Use watertight plugs for exterior, buried piping and if water or debris is in
trench when work is resumed, do not remove until adequate provision has been made to
prevent any water or debris entering pipe even if it necessitates dewatering trench.

3.04 TESTING:

(NTS: Section 01680 does not exist as a Masterspec and must be developed specifically for
the project.
A. Provide in accordance with Section 01680.

B. After installation, test all pipelines for watertightness. Furnish testing plugs or caps,
pressure pumps, pipe connections, gauges, all equipment, all labor, and all water.

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-41 20-Nov-08


C. Do not cover joints in underground piping with backfill material until piping has
successfully passed pressure test.

D. Test pressures as indicated in Process Pipe Schedule.

E. Repair faulty joints even to extent of disassembling and remaking joint, remove defective
pipe and fittings and replace in manner satisfactory to the Owner.

3.05 FIELD PAINTING:

A. Furnished and applied by Painting Subcontractor as specified in Section 09941.

3.06 CONTRACT CLOSEOUT:

A. Provide in accordance with Section 01700.

END OF SECTION

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 15370-42 20-Nov-08