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Tel:d Date: 24/08/17
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Column section

Calculations for timber columns in accordance with BS5268:Pt 2:1996

Column shaft - 38 wide x 175 deep


Timber type - Sawn Hardwood as Appendix E Table 102 of BS5268:1991

Height of single column shaft = 1000 mm

Strength class from Table 7 (service classes 1 & 2) - C16

Service class - 2 (Covered and heated or unheated)

Design axial compression = 20 kN

Grade stresses - from Table 7

Compression parallel to grain = 6.8 N/mm2


Minimum modulus of elasticity = 5800 N/mm2

Modification factors

For service class 2 K =1


2
For load duration - long K =1
3
For load sharing system K = 1.1
8
Determine modification factor K from the column slenderness for
12
each axis, where:

The effective length of the column for the x-x axis is


L = H *F
ex o lex
= 1000*1
= 1000 mm
and the effective length of the column for the y-y axis is
L = H *F
ey o ley
= 1000*1
= 1000 mm

Hence, the slenderness ratio for the x-x axis is


 = L /i
x ex xx
= 1000/50.5
= 19.8
and for the y-y axis is
 = L /i
y ey yy
= 1000/11
= 90.9
and from Table 19 for compression members
- x-x axis K = 0.904
12x
- y-y axis K = 0.438
12y

Axial Load Design

The minimum value of K is for the y-y axis, hence, the allowable compressive stress is
12
 = *K *K *K *K
cpaall cpa 2 3 8 12
= 6.8*1*1*1.1*0.438
= 3.28 N/mm2
giving the required cross sectional area of the column as
A = N*103/
reqd cpaall
= 20*103/3.28
= 6098 mm2

The sectional area of the column chosen is 6650 mm2 .