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IGCSE PAST PAPER PLANT TRANSPORT QUESTIONS.

8 Fig. 8.1 shows a section through a leaf. The leaf is adapted to carry out photosynthesis in the
plant.
BIOLOGY 0610/22
Paper 2 Core October/November 2014

(a) (i) Give the word equation for photosynthesis.


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(ii) State the function of the chloroplasts in photosynthesis.
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(iii) Describe how the chloroplasts are distributed in the mesophyll layers of the leaf and
explain how this distribution is important for efficient photosynthesis.
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(b) (i) Explain the role of stomata in the process of photosynthesis.
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(ii) Explain the function of the cuticle in a leaf.
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(c) To grow, a plant needs a supply of nitrate ions.
Explain the reason for this.
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4 Fig. 4.1 is an electron micrograph of part of the lower surface of a leaf. Three stomata are visible.

BIOLOGY 0610/32 Paper 3 Extended October/November 2015


(a) Name the cells labelled K.
...............................................................................................................................................[1] (b) Stomata allow
the movement of gases into and out of the leaf. During the daytime oxygen passes out and carbon dioxide
passes in. (i) Explain why oxygen passes out of the leaf during the daytime.
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(b) (ii) Describe the path taken by a carbon dioxide molecule after it has passed through the stomata during the
daytime until it becomes part of a glucose molecule.
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.......................................................................................................................................[3] (c) Plants that live in
different types of habitat have leaves that show adaptations for survival. Table 4.1 shows some features of the
leaves of three species of plant from different types of habitat.
(i) State how the stomatal density of annual meadow grass differs from the stomatal densities of the other
two species in Table 4.1.
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(ii) Suggest explanations for the distribution and density of stomata in white water lily and common myrtle
as shown in Table 4.1. white water lily
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........................................................................................................................................... common myrtle
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4 (a) Define the term photosynthesis and outline one reason why it is important to ecosystems.
BIOLOGY 0610/33
Paper 3 Theory (Core) October/November 2016
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(b) (i) Name the green substance that plants need for photosynthesis.
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(ii) Name the gas that plants need for photosynthesis.
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(iii) Name the gas that plants produce during photosynthesis.
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(c) Fig. 4.1 shows the apparatus a student used to investigate how light intensity affects
photosynthesis.
The student placed an aquatic plant under a funnel in a beaker of water.
During the investigation she placed the lamp at different distances from the aquatic plant.
At each distance she counted how many bubbles the aquatic plant produced in one minute.
The bubbles of gas were then collected in the test-tube.
(ii) Describe how the rate of photosynthesis is affected by the distance of the lamp from the
aquatic plant.
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(iii) Predict the number of bubbles that would be produced if the lamp was placed 21 cm from
the aquatic plant.
............................ bubbles per minute [1]
(d) Another student placed the lamp 15 cm from the aquatic plant and kept it there.
Although the light intensity stayed the same, the number of bubbles produced by the aquatic
plant per minute decreased.
Suggest an explanation for this.
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