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Design And Fabrication Of Crank Shaft By Using Epoxy , Agave Tequilana And

Venyl Ester.

 Hybrid Composite material have evoked a keen interest in recent


times for potential applications in aerospace and automotive
industries owing to their superior strength to weight ratio and
temperature resistance. The widespread adoption of particulate
metal matrix composites for engineering applications has been
hindered by the high cost of producing components.
 Achieving a uniform distribution of reinforcement within the
matrix is one such challenge, which affects directly on the
properties and quality of composite material.
 This paper discuss the crankshaft model made by Agave Tequilana
fibre and Epoxy composite material and to evaluate the
Hardness, Impact Strength of the Composite Material.

Design And Fabrication Of Crank Shaft By Using Pineapple Fiber,Chicken Feather


And Isopolymers.

Reducing weight while increasing or maintaining strength of products is getting to


be highly important research issue in this modern world. Composite materials are
one of the material families which are attracting researchers and being solutions of
such issue. In this paper we describe design and Fabrication of composite Crank
Shaft. For this purpose, two wheeler.

The objective is to compare the stresses, deformations and weight saving of


composite Crank Shaft with that of steel Crank Shaft. The design constraint is
stress and load. The Automobile Industry has great interest for replacement of steel
crank shaft with that of composite crank shaft, since the composite materials has
high strength to weight ratio, good corrosion resistance.

The material selected was pineapple fiber reinforced polymer with (isopolymer )is
used against conventional steel. The design parameters were selected and analyzed
with the objective of minimizing weight of the composite crank shaft as compared
to the steel crank shaft.

Design And Fabrication Of Motor Cycle Chain Guard By Using Palm Fiber , Jute
Fiber And Epoxy

 A study of the effect of alkaline treatment on the flexural properties of palm


fibre and jute fiber reinforced epoxy composites is presented in this paper.
The composites were reinforced with 10% weight fraction of the fibres. The
fibres were treated using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) with 0.50 M and 0.1 M
concentration solution for 1 hour, 4 hours and 8 hours soaking time. The
purpose of treating fibres with alkali was to enhance the interfacial bonding
between matrix and fibre surfaces. The maximum flexural strength occurred
at 0.50 M NaOH solution with 1 hour of soaking time and to discuss the
motor cycle chain guard model made by palm fibre and jute fiber with
Epoxy composite material and to evaluate the Hardness, Impact Strength of
the Composite Material.
Design And Fabrication Of Motor Cycle Chain Guard By Using Paddy Fiber,Corn
Fiber And E-Glass.

 A study of the effect of alkaline treatment on the flexural properties of


Paddy Fiber , Corn Fiber and E-Glass fiber reinforced epoxy composites is
presented in this paper. The composites were reinforced with 10% weight
fraction of the fibres. The fibres were treated using sodium hydroxide
(NaOH) with 0.60 M and 0.2 M concentration solution for 1 hour, 4 hours
and 8 hours soaking time. The purpose of treating fibres with alkali was to
enhance the interfacial bonding between matrix and fibre surfaces. The
maximum flexural strength occurred at 0.50 M NaOH solution with 1 hour
of soaking time and to discuss the motor cycle chain guard model made by
Paddy fibre , Corn Fiber and E-Glass fiber with Epoxy composite material
and to evaluate the Hardness, Impact Strength of the Composite Material.

Design And Fabrication Of Motor Cycle chain Guard By Using Bamboo


Fiber,Chicken Feather with Venyl Ester.

A study of the effect of alkaline treatment on the flexural properties of Bamboo


Fiber and Chicken Feather Fiber reinforced Venyl Ester composites is presented in
this paper. The composites were reinforced with 10% weight fraction of the fibres.
The fibres were treated using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) with 0.25 M and 0.5 M
concentration solution for 1 hour, 4 hours and 8 hours soaking time. The purpose
of treating fibres with alkali was to enhance the interfacial bonding between matrix
and fibre surfaces. The maximum flexural strength occurred at 0.50 M NaOH
solution with 1 hour of soaking time and to discuss the motor cycle chain guard
model made by bamboo fibre and Chicken feather Fiber with Venyl Ester.
composite material and to evaluate the Hardness, Impact Strength of the
Composite Material.

Comparative analysis of engine casing materials by using composite


materials like jute fiber , wool and isopolymers.

Environmental, global warming, renewability, recyclability, and biodegradability


issues have encouraged scientists and engineers to partially substitute
petrochemical-based polymers with green polymers such as natural fibre polymer
composites.

A major drawback in the development of natural fiber polymer composites is the


incompatibility between the matrix and fibre processing temperature, given the
high temperature of the matrix based on petroleum and the low degradation
temperature for natural fibre.

The creation of poly lactic acid as a “green matrix” provides an alternative and a
solution for the development of natural fiber polymer composites. In this work, the
physical, thermal and mechanical properties

The material selected was jute fiber and wool fiber reinforced with
(isopolymer )is used against conventional steel. The design parameters were
selected and analyzed with the objective of minimizing weight of the composite
engine casing material as compared with Aluminium engine case.

Comparative analysis and to predict the material strength of


TRACTOR TIE ROD using fiber composite materials.
A tractor tie rod is a cylinder structural rod that is used as a tie and capable of
carrying tensile and compressive loads. As the ratio of its length to the radius of
gyration of its cross section is normally quite large, it would likely buckle under
the action of compressive forces. When it becomes worn out, steering will become
more difficult there by producing clunking noise. The vehicle will also typically be
pulling or (dragging) to either side (left or right). Thus the aim of the project is to
analyze material strength of tractor tie rod for using fiber composite material. The
objectives of this study are to carry out the theoretical, experimental and model
analysis of tractor tie rod.

Automotive Titles

Investigating the Destructive Factors Causing Deterioration In


Spark Plug And To Rectify By Various Coated Material.

The development of a high performance, long life Spark plug has become essential
in response to these demands. While improve performance (high ignitability and
low required voltage), the discharge part of the Spark plug needs to be reduced in
size. But, in the past this has been difficult because of the limitations in terms of
wear. It has been difficult to achieve both smaller discharge parts and longer life.
To dramatically improve wear resistance, we researched materials that are both
resistant to oxidation and have a high melting point.

This research resulted in our development of a various coatings. Through


this development we have been able to produce a various coating that surpasses the
conventional platinum technology. The coating is now being used in high volume
vehicle production. This paper is investigating and to predict the spark plug by
various coated material.

Experimental and investigation mushroom type universal contact gear


using aluminium powder and palm fiber

In this paper to investigate the mushroom head shape gear the groove has
taken at the above curved surface of mushroom as model in composite and to
increase the angle of contact between the two gears.
Hybrid Composite material have evoked a keen interest in recent times for
potential applications in aerospace and automotive industries owing to their
superior strength to weight ratio and temperature resistance. The widespread
adoption of particulate metal matrix composites for engineering applications has
been hindered by the high cost of producing components.
Achieving a uniform distribution of reinforcement within the matrix is one
such challenge, which affects directly on the properties and quality of composite
material.
To achieve these objectives two step-mixing method of stir casting
technique has been adopted and subsequent property analysis has been made.
Aluminium powder and Palm Fibre has been chosen as Hybrid composite
material.
This paper discuss the mushroom head shape gear model made by
Aluminium powder and Palm fibre composite material and to evaluate the
Hardness, Impact Strength , Micro Structure of the Composite Material.
Test and trial in emission characteristics for high altitude ignition engine by
changing the air filter material and spark length

In this case of army to charge the equipment an internal combustion engine is


carried with his own at the time of high altitude ignition system is not possible in
the case of less oxygen content at the time we use hydrogen has been considered at
several phases as a substitute to hydrocarbon-based fuels.

Starting from the 70’s, there have been several attempts to convert
engines for hydrogen operation. Together with the development in gas injector
technology, it has become possible to control precisely the injection of hydrogen
for safe operation. Since the fuel cell needs certain improvements before it is
widely used in vehicles, the conventional internal combustion engine is to play an
important role in the transition.

This study examines the performance characteristics and ionization of


a hydrogen fueled high spark-ignition engine. Slight modifications are made for
hydrogen feeding which do not change the basic characteristics of the original
engine. And to change the air filter fiber is to be changed as materials like (
calotrophis, pergularia daemia and wrightia tinctoria ) nature fiber is used as a air
filter and also increasing the spark length by increasing the high voltage variation
using a charged capacitor.
Harmonic Titles

Investigation And Calculating The Sound Frequency And


Vibrations Using Mechanical Stethoscope And To Predict The
Engine Maintenance.
The mechanical stethoscope is an acoustic engineering device for vibrations, or
listening to the internal sounds of an engine parts like bearing, connecting rod,
piston head etc. It is often used to listen to engine sounds. It is also used to listen to
accuracy of engine sound and fuel flow in piston . It is commonly used for
measurements of engine vibrations are used to listen to internal sounds made by
machines, such as diagnosing a malfunctioning automobile engine by listening to
the sounds of its internal parts. Stethoscopes can also be used to check scientific
vacuum chambers for leaks, and for various other small-scale acoustic monitoring
tasks. A stethoscope that intensifies auscultator sounds is called phonendoscope. In
this paper deals with various harmonic values of engine sound as measured with
help of vibration sensor value is converted into harmonic values which is feed into
computer to integrate the engine at various kilometres and to investigate the
various parts wear and tear which is compared to the harmonic values.

TESTING THE vibration and calculate the sound frequency in metal and
fiber composite materials in automobile component by using mechanical
stethoscope.

The mechanical stethoscope is an acoustic engineering device for vibrations, or


listening to the internal sounds of an engine parts like bearing, connecting rod,
piston head etc. It is often used to listen to engine sounds. It is also used to listen to
accuracy of engine sound and fuel flow in piston . It is commonly used for
measurements of engine vibrations are used to listen to internal sounds made by
machines, such as diagnosing a malfunctioning automobile engine by listening to
the sounds of its internal parts. Stethoscopes can also be used to check scientific
vacuum chambers for leaks, and for various other small-scale acoustic monitoring
tasks. A stethoscope that intensifies auscultator sounds is called phonendoscope. In
this paper deals with various harmonic values of engine sound as measured with
help of vibration sensor value is converted into harmonic values which is feed into
computer to integrate the engine at various kilometers.

And to investigate the various vibration and sound frequency which is compared
between metal and fiber composite material by using mechanical stethoscope.

Predict the sound frequency in biodiesel engine and diesel engine


and also study the vibration mode by using mechanical stethoscope

The mechanical stethoscope is an acoustic engineering device for vibrations, or


listening to the internal sounds of an engine parts like bearing, connecting rod,
piston head etc. It is often used to listen to engine sounds. It is also used to listen to
accuracy of engine sound and fuel flow in piston . It is commonly used for
measurements of engine vibrations are used to listen to internal sounds made by
machines, such as diagnosing a malfunctioning automobile engine by listening to
the sounds of its internal parts. Stethoscopes can also be used to check scientific
vacuum chambers for leaks, and for various other small-scale acoustic monitoring
tasks. A stethoscope that intensifies auscultator sounds is called phonendoscope. In
this paper deals with various harmonic values of engine sound as measured with
help of vibration sensor value is converted into harmonic values which is feed into
computer to integrate the engine at various kilometers.

In this paper discuss about predict the sound frequency in biodiesel engine
and diesel engine and also study the vibration mode by using mechanical
stethoscope.

Investigation On Robotic Arm Material Of E-Glass And Palm Fiber


Reinforeced Aluminium Powder Based Hybrid Composites
 The objective is to present investigation and to study the effect of
Robotic arm material using E-Glass and palm fibres reinforced aluminium
powder based hybrid composites.

 The fiber with E-glass and aluminium powder particulates is prepared by


using epoxy and palm fibre resin. The metal matrix composite is obtained
for different composition of E-glass and aluminium powder particulates by
varying E-glass with palm fibre and also varying the hybrid composites
with various natural fibres in various percentages). The test specimens are
prepared as per ASTM standard to conduct tensile and compression tests,
hardness.

 Hybrid composites are nowadays being used in various engineering


applications to increase the strength and to optimise the weight and the cost
of the product. The review of paper is to represent a general study on the
alternative material for the robotic arm.

 This paper analysis the mechanical properties of the palm and e glass fiber
composite with epoxy by using composite model robotic arm and evaluate
the mechanical properties.

 In this paper the existing steel robotic arm is replaced with composite
robotic arm.

experimental and investigation of tortoise shell model and leg


assembly for robotics using kevlar fiber and isopolymer reinforced
nickel powder based hybrid composites
The objective is to investigate the iso polymer reinforced with Kevlar fibre and nickel
powder based composites for tortoise shell model to make robotics in surveillance
purpose our focuses to investigate the material present in the tortoise leg and tortoise
shell to withstand the temperature high explosives less corrosive so we decided to mix
Kevlar fiber with iso polymer in various ratios and proportions our investigations test this
specimen by using tensile test with respect to temperature and calculate the various
elongation and corrosion test follows.

Experimental And Investigation Of Crab Parts And Body Model With


Leg Assembly For Robotics
The objective is to investigate the iso polymer reinforced with lotus fibre and nickel
powder based composites for crab outer shell parts to make robotics in surveillance
purpose our focuses to investigate the material present in the crab leg and crab shell to
withstand the temperature high explosives less corrosive so we decided to mix Kelvar
fiber with above metal fiber composites in various ratios and proportions our
investigations test this specimen by using tensile test with respect to temperature and
calculate the various elongation and corrosion test.