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End Fault in Bus Protection

Contr. Question 15 Pref. Subject 1

Jorge Cardenas (GE Multilin

Presented at the 2007 CIGRE-Madrid Conference


2007-PS1-15-ES01-Cardenas
End Fault Protection

Breakers: Bus-side CTs

Blind spot for


CT bus protection

CB

• Blind spot exists between the CB and CT


• CB is going to be tripped by line protection
• After the CB gets opened, the current shall be removed from
differential calculations (expanding the differential zone up to
the opened CB)
• Relay configuration required: identical as for the Single-CT Tie-
Breaker 2007-PS1-15-ES01-Cardenas
End Fault Protection

Breakers: Line-side CTs

“Over-trip” spot for


CB bus protection

CT

• “Over-trip” spot between the CB and CT when the CB is opened


• When the CB gets opened, the current shall be removed from
differential calculations (contracting the differential zone up to
the opened CB)
• Relay configuration required: identical as for a Single-CT Tie-
Breaker, but…. 2007-PS1-15-ES01-Cardenas
End Fault Protection

Breakers: Line-side CTs

Blind spot for


CB
contract

bus protection

CT
• but….
• A blind spot created by contracting the bus differential zone
• End Fault Protection required to trip the remote end

2007-PS1-15-ES01-Cardenas