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MA-501C Assignment #1 2010-11

1. An experiment has 3 possible mutually exclusive outcomes A, B and C. Check whether


following assignment of probability is correct or not
(i) P(A) = 0.3, P (B) = 0.4, P(C) = 0.34 ,(ii) P (A) = 0.5, P (B) = 0.1, P(C) = 0.5
(iii) P (A) = 0.4, P (B) = 0.64, P(C) = - 0.04, (iv)P (A) = 0.2, P (B) = 0.3, P(C) = 0.5.
2. Examine the consistency of following statements.
P (A) = 0.4, P (B) = 0.3, P(C) = 0.7, P (A∩B) = 0.2, P (B∩C) = 0.2, P (A∩C) = 0.4 and
P (A∩B∩C) = 0.5.
3. If P(A) = 0.3, P(B) = 0.5, P(A  B) = 0.24, find P(A  B), P(Ac  B), P(Ac  Bc ) and P(Ac).
4. If A and B are mutually exclusive events show that P  A Bc  =
P(A)
1 - P(B)
5. A bag contains 7 white, 5 black balls, 2 balls are drawn at random, what is the probability that
(i) both are black (ii) both are white (iii) one black and one white.
6. Out of 60 students, 30 are studying Mathematics, while 20 are studying Statistics, and 10 are
studying both. If a student is chosen at random, what is the probability that he is studying (i)
either Mathematics or Statistics (ii) both Mathematics and Statistics (iii) none of these.
7. A box contains 4 bad and 6 good tubes. Two tubes are drawn at random. One of them is tested
and found to be good, what is the probability that other one is also good?
8. A and B are two bags containing 5 black, 6 white and 8 black, 4 white balls respectively. Two
balls are transferred from B to A and then a ball is drawn from A, what is the probability that
this ball is white?
9. If two events A and B are independent, then show that
(i) A and Bc are independent. (ii) P(A  B) = 1 – P(Ac).P(Bc).
10. Two students A and B work independently on a problem. The probability that A will solve is 3/4,
while that of B is 2/3. If both try to solve the problem, what is the probability that problem will be
solved?
11. Obtain the probability mass function and cumulative distribution function of a random variable
X which takes the values -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2 and 3 such that P ( X  0)  P ( X  0)  P ( X  0) ;
P ( X  3)  P ( X  2)  P ( X  1) ; P ( X  1)  P ( X  2)  P ( X  3) .
12. Check whether following functions are cumulative distribution function if yes give their
probability mass function or probability density function and draw the graph of each function.
0, x  1
0, x  3 r
 
(a) FX ( x)   (b) FX ( x)   , r  x  r  1, r  1(1)5
9
1  x 2 , x  3 6
1, x  6

0, x  0
 0, x  0
(c) FX ( x)   x 4 ,0  x  1 (d) FX ( x)   x
.
1, x  1 1  e , x  0

13. Are any of the following a probability mass function or probability density function, justify your
answer
 1 3 1 1  x, 0  x 1
 x, x  , , , e   x , x  0 
f ( x)   16 16 4 2 f ( x)   ,   0 f ( x )  2  x , 1  x  2 .
 0, otherwise 0, e .w . 0,
 e.w.

14. The probability mass function of a random variable is zero except the points 0, 1, 2. At these
points f X (0)  3c 3 , f X (1)  4c  10c 2 , f X (2)  5c  1, c  0 ,
(i) Determine c, (ii) Compute P ( X  2) , P (1  X  2)
(iii) Find the cumulative distribution function and draws its graph.
3x 2 , 0  x  1
15. A continuous random variable has probability function as f ( x)   ,
0, ew
(i) Check if it is probability density function, if yes (ii) find a, b  P ( x  a )  P ( X  a ) and
P ( x  b)  0.08 , (iii) P (0.2  X  0.5) and P( X  0.75 X  0.5) .

16. Determine c, E(X), V(X) and its cumulative distribution function FX(x) for following probability
ce   x , x  0
density function f ( x)   ,  0.
0, e .w .
17. The diameter of an electric cable, say X, is assumed to be a continuous random variable with
6 x(1  x), 0  x  1
probability density function f ( x)   find E(x) and V(x), (ii) determine a
0, e.w.
number b such that P(x<b) = P(x>b).
18. A random variable has following probability mass function
X: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
f(X): a 3a 5a 7a 9a 11a 13a 15a 17a
(i) Determine the value of a, (ii) Find P(X<3), P(X  3), P(0<X<5), P(X  3),
(iii) Give cumulative distribution function of X (iv) Find E(X), E(X2), V(X),
19. Let X be random variable having probability density function f(X) = k e  x / 3 , for x  0 . Find k,
Moment generating function (Mgf) and hence first four central moments.
20. Given that f(x) = k (1/2)X is a probability distribution for a random variable which can take on
value x = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, find k and find an expression for the cumulative distribution function
F(x), E(x) and V(x).
21. The first four moments of a distribution about 4 are -1.5, 17, -30, and 108. Find the mean,
variance,  1 and  2 .
22. If X and Y are two independent r.v. with E(X) =  , E(X2) =  , and E(Yk) =ak, k = 1, 2, 3, 4, find
E(XY+Y2)2.

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ANSWERS

1.(i) and (ii) incorrect, (iii) and (iv) correct, 2. Inconsistent, 3. 0.56,0.26, 0.44, 0.7, 5.(i)5/33 (ii)7/22
(iii) 35/66, 6.(i)2/3 (ii)1/6 (iii)1/3, 7. 5/9, 8. 220/429, 10.11/12,11. P ( X  1)  P ( X  2)  P ( X  3)  1/ 9
14. (i)1/3,(ii)1/3, 15. (ii) 0.79, 0.97, (iii) 0.117, 0.297, 16.  , 1/  , 1/  2 , 17. ½, 1/20, ½,