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They think the shark is biting because it is curious — humans

Listening Section

Part 1

Exercise 2 - Audio Track 1

A. Now, check your answers to the other questions in Exer-

cise 1 by listening to the recording of an example of the Lis-

tening section of the exam.

Examiner: You're going to hear a short talk about an animal

called a hyena. You will hear the talk twice. As you listen,

write down some notes about what you hear — if you want to. Then, I will ask you six
questions on some facts about hyenas. Are you ready?

Student: Yes.

Narrator: Integrated Skills in English I. Task 1.

Speaker: There are three species of hyena. The largest and

most common of these is the spotted hyena. They appear very similar to dogs, but hyenas are
actually closer to the cat family. They live together in groups of up to 80 individuals called

clans. Unusually, the leader of the clan is a female, and fe-

males are in charge in general. They weigh around three

pounds more than males. Spotted hyena cubs are born with

their eyes open. They drink their mother's milk for up to 18 months, but also start eating meat
after 5.

Other big cats, especially lions, are the main danger to them in the wild. Lions will kill hyenas at
every opportunity as they are in competition for the same food.

Hyenas are famous for their laugh. This is actually a type of

message or call. It tells the rest of the clan members where the food is. You can hear it from 3
km away.
Examiner: Now listen again. (The text is heard again)

Examiner: Now I'll ask you some questions. You only need to answer in a few words. OK ...
What group or family of ani-

mals are hyenas closest to?

Student: Urn ... closest to cats.

Examiner: OK. How many hyenas can there be in a clan? Student: Eh ... up to 80.

Examiner: OK. What is unusual about hyena groups? Student: Um ... female is the leader.

Examiner: OK. And when do baby hyenas start eating meat? Student: After 5 months.

Examiner: Uh huh. And why do lions kill them?

Student: Urn .. because they compete for food.

Examiner: Uh huh. And why do hyenas make a laughing noise?

Student: Um ... it's a message or call.

Examiner: OK. Thank you. Now we'll move to Task 2. You are going to hear a short talk about
science. You will hear the talk twice. The first time just listen. Then I'll ask you in a few

words what the speaker's talking about. Are you ready?

Student: Urn ... yes.

Narrator: Integrated Skills in English 1. Task 2.

Speaker: Great white sharks hunt throughout the world's

oceans, usually in cool waters near land. They grow to around

4.6 metres long on average, making them the largest hunting

ri fish on the planet. They are super-fast swimmers, reaching

/ 1 speeds of over 60 kph. They use this speed to hunt by surprise

attack. They come from below the animal travelling quickly and bite or hit it before it can
escape. They have a set of

around 300 very sharp teeth to attack with. They eat mainly
large mammals, such as seals, sea lions and small whales, but

rarely attack people. There are about 5-7 human shark attacks

each year. Researchers believe these aren't really attacks at all.

are an unusual sight in the sea. Great whites can smell poten-

tial food from up to two miles away.

Examiner: OK. Now tell me in a few words what the talk is

about.

Student: It's about how ... uh ... the way great white sharks

hunt and what they eat.

Examiner: OK. Thank you. Turn over your paper, please, and now listen to the talk again. Write
down some notes about

what you hear — if you want to. Then I'll ask you to tell me six pieces of information about
great white sharks. Are you ready? Student: Yes.

Examiner: Now tell me six pieces of information about great

white sharks.

Student: OK ... Yes ... First, great white sharks hunt in all the

world oceans - in the cold water near the land. Second, they

grow to 4.6 metres tall. Third, they can swim very fast, more than 60 kph. Also, they hunt by ...
uh ... surprising the fish by

swimming very fast. They ... uh ... eat mostly large mammals,

like seals and sea lions. Last of all, they can smell food from up to two miles away.

Examiner: Thank you. Urn ... why do researchers think

sharks attack humans?


Student: Urn ... they are very curious and take a bite just to ...

eh ... see.

Examiner: And how many attacks on humans are there on av-

erage each year?

Student: Um ... around five to seven attacks pe uh yes ...

per year.

Examiner: And can you tell me about their teeth? Student: Urn ... yes ... they have around 300
sharp teeth.

Examiner: And anything else to add?

Student: Urn ... no ... I don't think so.

Examiner: Thank you. This part of the test is over. Thank you.

This is the end of the test.

Exercise 3 - Audio Track 2

Listen to the recording. Then answer the questions below. Write short answers only, not full
sentences.

The wood mouse, also known by the name field mouse, is one

of the most common small animals in the UK. For every one

person who lives there, there are two wood mice. However,

life is not easy for these little mice, which have many predators

(animals that want to eat them). These include foxes, owls and

cats, which will all hunt and eat wood mice, when they have

the opportunity. For this reason, wood mice don't have very

long lives and only live around 12 months. Wood mice have

verysood eyesight to help them see at night and stay safe.

They can also make huge jumps in the air. This helps them es-
cape predators. As well as being good jumpers, wood mice are also excellent climbers and
swimmers. They mostly eat seeds but will kill and eat small insects too if they can. They also
eat fruit and berries.

Even though they are called wood mice, they actually prefer fields and hedges to forests. They
sleep in underground homes called burrows and usually only come out at night. They often
store food in their burrows. They ...

Trinity ISE I - Level B1 Speaking & Listening AUDIOSCRIPTS

Exercise 5 - Audio Track 3 three kittens each year. They are very loyal and caring mothers

Listen to the recording and answer the questions.

The Newfoundland is a large type of working dog that comes from Newfoundland island in
Canada. They can be black,

brown or black and white. Only dogs of these three colour types are 'true' Newfoundlands.
They have a thick double-coat of fur and webbed feet like a duck. They are also very power-

ful. These three things, their thick fur, webbed feet and power, make them excellent
swimmers. In fact, people often use them as rescue dogs to swim out to save people who are
in trouble in the water. Males weigh between 60 and 70 kg, while fe-

males weigh a little less — from 45 to 55 kg.

The Newfoundland is often called 'the gentle giant' of the dog

world. This is because although it is huge and powerful, it is

also very calm and well behaved. In fact, so long as they are

properly trained, Newfoundlands make excellent pets to have

around children. That's why the writer of the children's story

Peter Pan made the famous nurse-dog 'Nana' a Newfoundland.

Even though they are large and strong, Newfoundlands doi,

have very long lives. They only live for an average of betwee

8 and 10 years.

Practise at home - Audio Track 4


A. Listen to the recording about elephants and answer the

questions. Play the recording twice.

There are only two kinds of elephant, African and Asian. Both male and female African
elephants have tusks — those huge

ivory teeth that stick out of their mouths. However, only Asian males do.

Female elephants are called cows. From about the age of 12,

cows can start to have babies, known as calves. A new-born

calf can weigh up to 260 pounds. By comparison, a full-grown male human weighs just 190
pounds on average. Female ele-

phants carry their unborn calves for 22 months — that's the

longest of any mammal.

Adult elephants have no natural predators (animals that hunt

them), but big cats, especially lions, will attack babies, the

very old and the weak. Humans are the main danger to cl

phants, though. They hunt them for their ivory tusks. Ele-

phants use these tusks, or huge teeth, in the wild to dig, find

food and push down trees. They often need to dig for water

when there's no rain. Elephants need to drink around 210 litres of water every day.

Elephants live for between 50 and 70 years on average. The

oldest known elephant died aged 86. Males can grow to ...

Audio Track 5

B. Listen to the recording about Scottish Wildcats and an-

swer the questions. Play the recording twice.

The Scottish Wildcat is Britain's last truly wild large predator.

It looks a lot like a domestic or house cat, but it has more mus-

cle and behaves very differently around people. The Wildcat

has a thick coat of brown and black stripes and weighs be-
tween 5 and 9 kg. It can sprint at around 30 mph — that means it can easily outrun Usain Bolt,
the fastest man on Earth. It can also fall from the highest tree branches in the forest and still
land on its feet.

The Wildcat lives most of its life alone. Males and females

only meet up to procreate — make babies. Females have about

and will fight to the death to protect their babies. In general, Wildcats stay away from humans
and will only attack if there is no escape.

There are very few pure Scottish Wildcats left. The figure is

thought to be under 100 cats in the whole of Scotland. Most of

the cats people spot in the wild are crosses — a mix between

Wildcats and domestic cats. This is because Wildcats live in

very quiet areas, far far away from people, so they are rarely

seen.

Part 2

Exercise 2 - Audio Track 6

A. Look at the set of notes below and listen to the recording.

Choose the correct options.

Tet is the name for the Vietnamese New Year's celebration. It

starts on the first day of the New Year and lasts for three days.

Before the celebration starts, there is a lot of activity. People

re very busy shopping, decorating and preparing traditional

ood. The shopping is urgent because all shops close during

the three-day festival. The first day of Tet is for close family

members. Children get red envelopes filled with money from

their elders. First-footing is_extremely important. If the wrong

person enters the house first after midnight, it means the fam-
ily will have an unlucky year. The first visitor should be suc-

cessful and of good character if the family is to have good

luck. The second day is for friends, who visit one another's

homes to celebrate. The final day is a celebration of teachers.

Teachers enjoy a lot of respect in Vietnamese culture. During

the festival, local people don't clean their homes because they

think this would clean away all their good luck - they don't

want bad luck. New Year's decorations include a tree made out of bamboo with lucky charms
on it, and colourful plants placed both inside and outside the house.

AExercise 3 - Audio Track 7

Student 2: You're going to hear a short talk about a New

Year's celebration. You will hear the talk twice. As you lis-

ten, write down some notes about what you hear - if you

ant to. After, you will be asked six questions on some

`acts about the celebration. Are you ready? Student 1 will

t as the examiner and ask you the questions.

The traditional New Year's celebration in Iceland starts at

around 6pm on December 31st, when many Icelanders go to

church. Before going to church, they have already prepared

the food for a large family dinner, which they eat together

when they come home. After dinner, young families go to a

special neighbourhood event where there is a huge fire, called a bonfire. There are many of
these fires all around Iceland.

People occasionally bring fireworks along and there is some-

times singing too. After the bonfire, people return home and

have a party with their family and friends. From around 10.30

until 11.35, everything goes strangely quiet. That's because


90% of Icelanders sit down to watch a popular annual comedy

show on TV. After the TV show, most families have their own

little fireworks show at home. There is no official fireworks

event, but as a result of all the different families lighting their

own, the sky all over Iceland lights up in a beautiful and magi-

cal display of colour. Each New Year Icelanders light around 500 tons of fireworks.

Trinity ISE I - Level B1 Speaking & Listening AUDIOSCRIPTS

Exercise 4 - Audio Track 8 Canada's capital city, Ottawa, holds its on winter festival,

Student 1: You're going to hear a short talk about a New

Year's celebration. You will hear the talk twice. As you lis-

ten, write down some notes about what you hear — if you

want to. After, you will be asked six questions on some

facts about the celebration. Are you ready? Student 2 will

act as the examiner and ask you the questions.

Matariki is the traditional New Year's celebration of the native Maori people of New Zealand.
Unusually, the Maori New

Year occurs quite late in the calendar year — some time be-

tween late May and early June. The name Matariki is not just

the name for New Year, but also the name for a group of stars. When you can see the group of
stars in the sky, that is the sign for the New Year celebration to begin. In the past, not all

Maori groups started the celebration on the exact same day.

Now, however, the agreed date for the festival is the day of the new moon after the Matariki
stars appear in the sky. The mod-
ern celebration of Matariki was not popular with many New Zealanders until the early 2000s.
The government formed a

group to support Maori culture and language and the group

helped to make people more aware of this Maori tradition.

Since then, it has grown in popularity. In New Zealand's capi-

tal city Wellington each year, for example, there are around 60 free events to celebrate
Matariki. These include concerts, as well as art, poetry and other activities.

Practise at home - Audio Track 9

A. You're going to hear a short talk about a Scottish festi-

val. You will hear the talk twice. As you listen, write down

some notes about what you hear — if you want to. After,

you will be asked six questions on some facts about the cel-

ebration. Are you ready?

Up-Helly-Aa is an annual fire festival that takes place in the

Scottish town of Lerwick. The festival began hundreds of

years ago. It is held every year on the last Tuesday of January and is now the largest fire
festival in Europe. In the evening, ud around 7pm, there is a parade; over 800 men wearing
cos-

tumes walk through the streets of Lerwick carrying fire-lights.

When they get to the centre of town, they use their fire-lights

to light a huge Viking long boat. The boat burns in spectacular

yellow and orange colours in the darkness. The following day

is a public holiday and, for that reason, the party can continue

late into the night and early the next morning! The unusual

name, Up-Helly-Aa, means the end of the festival. So it's the end of the festival festival. It
marks the traditional end of the Christmas or Yule celebration. There are nine fire festivals in
total which take place in Shetland, a group of Scottish islands, in late winter every year.

Audio Track 10
B. You're going to hear a short talk about Canadian winter festivals. You will hear the talk
twice. As you listen, write

down some notes about what you hear — if you want to.

After, you will be asked six questions on some facts about

the festivals. Are you ready?

The Quebec Winter Carnival first took place in 1894 and it be-

came a regular yearly event in 1955. There has been a carnival

every year since and it is now the biggest winter celebration in

the world. The theme of the 17-day event is traditional winter

activities. Each year, around 600,000 people visit Quebec

specifically to attend the carnival and enjoy the activities. These include ice canoeing, night
parades and snow sculpting — making art out of blocks of snow.

called Winterlude. It's existed for three decades and is almost

as popular as the Winter Carnival in Quebec. Instead of snow

sculptures, it has ice carvings — beautiful pieces of art made

out of ice. And although it may not be the world's biggest win-

ter festival, it does have the biggest ice skating rink on the

planet. The snow playground is also the largest of its kind in the world.

Part 3

Exercise 2 - Audio Track 11

Listen to three short recordings and choose the general

topic, A, B or C.

Recording 1:

Why are parents always saying 'eat your greens'? Well, on

this one, science is in agreement. Vegetables are natural super-

' foods, and green-coloured ones are particularly good for your
health. An ingredient in spinach helps muscle develop and re-

pair. So spinach really does make you stronger. It's also rich in

selenium, which scientists think may help fight against some

mental illnesses of old age. Broccoli is full of important vita-

mins and minerals, and is also high in protein. Kale contains a

lmount of vitamin K, which helps strengthen bones.

Brussel sprouts contain a substance scientists believe may help reduce the risk of cancer. The
moral of the story is 'eat your

greens' — just as Mum and Dad said!

Recording 2: Audio Track 12

Orange- and red-colouring is often, though not always, a sign

of a very healthy type of vegetables' It can indicate the pres-

ence of a substance called beta-carotene, such as in carrots for

example ccording to research carried out at Harvard Univer-

sity, this substance can help prevent or slow mental aging,

keeping the mind healthier for longer nother substance in

rrrots protects people against skin cancer.-And because car-

rots contain a lot of vitamin A, they are also good for your

eyes5Beetroot is an even darker, deep red colour. It is another

vegetable that helps to fight cancer, according to tests on lab

mice. It is also good for the blood and can help reduce blood

pressure. Even pumpkin, which we connect more with Hal-

loween than healthy eating, has some important health bene-

f i ts. Just like carrot, pumpkin is high in vitamin A, as well as

f i bre.

Recording 3: Audio Track 13


Nuts are full of fat so people often avoid them. But they

should think twice because the fat in nuts is mostly good fat

and, apart from that, nuts have a lot of other health benefits.

Almonds, for example, are good for the brain. They can help it

perform better and they also help lower the risk of certain

.r.ntal illnesses, including Alzheimer's. Walnuts have a lot of

.hega-3s, which are good for the heart, and they also contain

protein for muscle building. Peanuts are technically not nuts at

all, but they are another high-protein snack. Brazil nuts are

thought to be particularly good for men — protecting them from certain types of cancer.
However, too much of anything is bad for you. Don't overeat nuts because although the fats
they contain are mostly good, they contain a lot of them. So, if

you eat too many, unless you burn all the fat away with exer-

cise, you'll probably put on weight!

Trinity ISE I - Level B1 Speaking & Listening AUDIOSCRIPTS

Exercise 3 - Audio Track 14 '`)) Audio Track 17

A. Student 1, you will hear a recording. Listen and decide

what it is generally about.

What should we drink? Well, a recent study of around 200

fruit drinks discovered some surprising things. First of all, it

found that around a quarter of the fruit drinks were no health-

ier than a can of fizzy cola. In fact, some of them contained

nearly 6 teaspoons of sugar. Worryingly, most of these sugary

drinks were for children. They were sold as a 'healthy' option.


However, the study warned parents to be careful about what -7 they give their children to
drink. The healthiest option of all remains water. We should drink around 2 litres of water
every day. Another recent study found that one in five women

doesn't drink enough. But if the body doesn't get enough

water, it can become dehydrated, which can cause headaches

and feelings of tiredness. Water also helps the body clean its

systems. Without it, a person can only live for about three

days.

Audio Track 15

C. Student 2, you will hear a recording. Listen and decide

w hat it is generally about.

British people eat a lot of chocolate — around 196g on average every week. The problem is
chocolate is high in fat, so it is

had for our health. Or is it? Research suggests chemicals in

cocoa, the main ingredient in chocolate, help us to relax and

lower blood pressure. Furthermore, the type of fat in cocoa is

a good fat which reduces the chance of getting heart problems.

Recent studies also suggest cocoa has cancer fighting quali-

ties. But does that mean we can eat more chocolate? Not ex-

actly. The problem is most chocolate bars actually contain

very little cocoa. One of the most popular UK chocolate bars

is just 25% cocoa, for example. This is not enough to enjoy

the health benefits. Most chocolate bars also have added ingre-

dients such as sugar, which make them less healthy. Really,

only dark chocolate with around 90% cocoa is a true healthy option.

Practise at home - Audio Track 16


A. Listen to the recording about exercise. Listen once, then

say in a few words what it is generally about. Listen a sec-

ond time and take notes. Then say six pieces of informa-

tion ■ ou heard.

The Mayo Clinic says regular exercise has many important

benefits. Exercise fights feelings of sadness by producing

chemicals in the body that help us feel happier and more re-

laxed. It gives us more energy too. Chronic fatigue (feeling

:ired all the time) is one of the fastest growing illnesses today.

Regular exercise can help prevent this, or help to improve the

F situation when the problem already exists. Exercise also helps

us fall asleep faster and have a deeper, better sleep. However, exercising late is a bad idea.
This can actually cause sleep

problems. As little as 30 minutes exercise every day can re-

duce the risk of issues such as heart disease and diabetes con-

siderably. And the good news is it's never too late to start

exercising. According to a British study, people who start to exercise later in life are still three
times as likely to be healthy in old age as those who never exercise.

B. Listen to recording B about exercise. Listen once, then

say in a few words what it is generally about. Listen a sec-

ond time and take notes. Then say six pieces of informa-

tion you heard.

The government suggests people should take exercise at least

12 times in every 28 days or four weeks, but a report by Bris-

tol University found that four out of five adults fail to do this.
The report showed that wealthy people are more likely to ex-

ercise than people who come from poor backgrounds. Only

around 10% of the people in the report ever went swimming

or to the gym and half never went on walks longer than 30

minutes. Bristol University's report suggests part of the re-

sponsibility for getting people to exercise more is the govern-

ment's because people who live near good sports facilities are

more likely to exercise than people who don't. That means the

government should provide more free public sports facilities for people to use right around the
country.

Trinity ISE I - Level B1 Speaking & Listening AUDIOSCRIPTS