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INTRODUCTION TO PHILIPPINE HISTORY PHILIPPINE TREE HISTORICAL MISTAKES

 Pre-mature granting of independence to the


HISTORY Philippines
 Is the interpretative and imaginative study  Failure of the Philippines to extend the life
of surviving records of the past of the Laurel-Langley Agreement of the Bell
 written or unwritten Trade Act.
 In order to determine the meaning and  Philippine Senate rejection of the retention
scope of human existence of US Bases in the Philippines.
 GREEK WORD “Historia” –
Inquiry/knowledge USES OF HISTORY
 Bridging the gap between the present and
PHILIPPINES past
 Early Chinese Traders who visited Mindoro  Explaining causes of things and events
called our nation “Ma-yi” (Land of Gold)  Projecting the future
 “Maniolas” – Name given by Claudius  Promoting nationalization and patriotism
Ptolemy, Greek mapmaker in his ancient  RECALL: Historical facts and details
map  REALIZE: Importance and values
 “Archipelago of St. Lazarus” – Name given  REPEAT: God parts of History
by Magellan to our nation in 1521
 “Felipinas” – Spanish explorer named Ruy SOURCES OF HISTORY
Lopez de Villalobos gave this name in honor  Written or inscribed sources
of King Philip II.  Artifacts
 Graphic/visual sources
PEARL OF THE ORIENT SEAS  Oral Literature
 Popular nickname for the Philippines
 This was romantic name given to our GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES OF THE PHILIPPINES
country by two famous writers:  LOCATION
 Fr. Juan J. Delgado in 1751  Located in Southern Asia
 Dr. Jose Rizal  Archipelago (Large group of
Islands) made up of 7,107 islands
HERODOTUS  Part of a Western Pacific arc
 Father of History system that is characterized by
 “Father of Lies” – tendency to report active volcanoes
fanciful information  Geographic Coordinates: 13 00 N,
122 00 E
ENUMERATION  Capital City: Manila
 Shape and Size
WHY DO WE NEED TO STUDY PHILIPPINE HISTORY  Elongated
 Elementary – Basic Historical Facts  Archipelago
 High school – Historical Details  Area: 115,836 Square miles
 College – Historical Analysis  Coastline: 22,549 miles
 Length: 1,851 km (1,150ml) SSE-
IMPORTANCE OF STUDYING HISTORY NNW
 To learn about our past  Width: 1,062 km (660mi) ENE-
 To understand the present WSW
 To appreciate our heritage  Neighbouring Countries
 China, India, Japan, Singapore,
HISTORY TEACHES US South & North Korea, Hong Kong,
 How we got here Vietnam, Indonesia, Cambodia,
 About the progress Malaysia, Taiwan, Brunei, etc.
 To learn from our mistakes
 Surrounding Bodies of Water  Humidity: 77%
 NORTH: Luzon Strait  Islands
 WEST: South China Sea  Luzon
 EAST: Philippine Sea  Visayas
 SOUTH: Celebes Sea  Mindanao
 Terrain and Points  ELEVEN MAIN ISLANDS
 Mostly mountainous  Luzon
 All islands are prone to  Mindanao
earthquakes  Samar
 LOWEST POINT: Philippine Sea  Negros
 HIGHEST POINT: Mount Apo (9,691  Palawan
ft.)  Panay
 Climate  Mindoro
 Hot and Dry: March – May  Leyte
 Rainy: June – October  Cebu
 Cool – November – February  Bohol
 Temperature: 78°F/25A°C –  Masbate
90A°F/32A°C

ORIGIN OF THE PHILIPPINES


THEORY EXPLAINATION
The Plate Tectonic Theory Dr. Frijof Voss in 1976 The Philippines isn’t part of mainland
Asia but located directly above a fault
in the crust and because of the
earthquake the landmass was pushed
from the ocean floor and the
Philippine Islands emerged from the
bottom of the ocean
Volcanic Eruption Theory Bailey Willis The Philippines was a result of the
eruption of the volcanoes under the
Pacific Ocean. The Pile of magma and
lava from the volcanic eruption
200million years ago created the
different islands.
Asiatic Theory Dr. Leopoldo Faustino Philippines are formed because of
diastrophism.
Continental Drift Theory Alfred Wegener He claimed that the Philippines came
from the “Pangae” or the big
continent 200 million years ago and
because of the changes in the
environment, this big continent was
divided into two continents. The
Laurasia and Godwana Land.
THEORIES ON THE ORIGIN OF THE FILIPINOS
Wave of Migration Theory – Henry Otley Beyer
GROUP OF PEOPLE HOW THEY CAME – YEAR OF ARRIVAL DESCRIPTION
Australoid Sakai Land Bridges – 25,000 -30,000 yrs. Ago  Dark Skin
 Small in height
 Nomadic
Indones Boat – 5,000 – 6,000 yrs. Ago  Taller
 Not as dark
 Technology more advanced
 Had knowledge about farming
Malay Big Boat Balanghai  Had Brown skin
 More advanced than Indones
 Well Developed system of
Farming
 Introduced planting of Palay
and other root crops