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DEDICATION

This humble effort is


Dedicated to

My Loving Parents,

Who did their best to uplift me to the height of an ideal life


And help me where ever I need them.

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

All thanks and gratitude to ALMIGHTY ALLAH, The most Gracious, and most Merciful and to

His most loving Prophet HAZRAT MUHAMMAD (P.B.U.H).

It would be very difficult to acknowledge all people who assist in the completion of this thesis.

We hereby wish to express my sincere gratitude to my Supervisor Sir Sanaullah Ansari whose

optimist’s guidance made my way through all difficult stages.

Besides, I pay special thanks to all teachers of Institute of English language and literature, Sindh

University, Jamshoro, who recognized my potential and provide generous guideline.

I am especially thankful for my beloved Families and Friends, without their help and

encouragement I can’t complete my thesis.

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ABSTRACT

This research study aims to develop an approach to understand the nature of betrayal and

problems in the friendship bond. The study endeavor its best to represent a new perspective to

look at the theme of the novel in a different way. This thesis analyses the theme of betrayal in

friendship between master and servant, in novel, Kite Runner by Khalid Hosseini. It reveals the

element of betray with in the strong bond of friendship which ultimately perishes an innocent’s

life. This study is a qualitative research employing content analysis method. The main source of

this research is a novel entitled Kite Runner by Khalid Hosseini which was published in 2003.

The data were some expressions to convey the nature of betrayal in friendship in the novel.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DESCRIPTION…………………………………………………………………PAGE NO:

DEDICATION…………………………………………………………………………......II

ACKNOWLEDGMENT…………………………………………………………………..III

ABSTRACT……………………………………………………………………………….IV

TABLE OF CONTENT……………………………………………………………………V

CHAPTER NO: 1. INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………...1

1.1. Background Of Study………………………………………………………………….1

1.2. Objective Of The Research ……………………………………………………………3

1.3. Research Question……………………………………………………………………..3

1.4. Significance Of Research ………………………………………………………………4

CHAPTER NO: 2. LITERATURE REVIEW…………………………………………..5

2.1. Greek Mythology On Betray………………………………………………....................7

2.2. Psychoanalysis of Betrayal In Friendship………………………………………………8

2.3. Betrayal Trauma Theory………………………………………………………………..10

2.4. Philosophical View of Friendship…………………………………………...................11

2.4.1. Traditional View of Friendship………………………………………………………11

2.4.2. Perfect Friendship Is Based On Goodness……………………………………………12

2.4.3. Modern View of Friendship…………………………………………………………..15

2.4.4. Religious Perspective On Betray………………………………………………….......16

2.5. Betrayal and Friendship…………………………………………………………………18

2.6. About the Novel and Author……………………………...............................................19

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CHAPTER NO: 3. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY……………………………....21

3.1. Qualitative Research………………………………………………………………21

3.2. How Data Analyzed Qualitatively…………………………………………………22

3.3. Deductive Approach………………………………………………………………..23

3.4. Source of Data………………………………………………………………………24

3.4.1. Secondary Source of Data…………………………………………………………24

3.5. Textual Analysis……………………………………………………………………..25

3.6. Data Collection………………………………………………………………………26

3.7. Content Analysis……………………………………………………………………..26

CHAPTER NO: 4. DATA ANALYSIS……………………………………………….28

4.1. Introduction………………………………………………………………………....28

4.2. Hassan’s Loyalty ……………………………………………………………………32

4.3. Relationship between Amir and Hassan…………………………………………….33

4.4. Amir Test Hassan’s Loyalty…………………………………………………………34

CHAPTER NO: 5. CONCLUSION…………………………………………………..35

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