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UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL ii

ABSTRACT

The improper disposal of expired supplements is one of the major


dilemmas every home tends to ignore. Several stu dies concluded that low
percentage of people knew the proper disposal of unused or expired
medications, which leads to one of the appalling environmental concerns and
dangers according to the BioMedical Waste Solutions. Every year the production
volume of pharmaceuticals increases hence, the percentage of improper
medication disposal will arise as well. With this growth comes a great concern
regarding the unwanted effects and potential impact of residues from the
expired antibiotics in the environment based on the study of Bound and
Voulvoulis.

Some studies claim that pharmaceutical products have the potential


function to act as fertilizer to the soil. Considering the fact that expired or unused
drugs are emerging pollutants, the researchers conducted a study which can
serve as a practice for proper disposal of expired antibiotics at home.

The study will focus on the main classes of antibiotics which include the
penicillins and macrolide antibiotics. On the other hand, Vigna radiata (mung
bean is the) variable we will use for this research due to its cheap price,
steadiness, and ability to germinate faster compared to other plants. There will
be three different concentrations for each group of plants depending on the
antibiotics being applied. The first group is for Co-Amoxiclav, second is for the
Triconex, and lastly is for the constant group. Consequently, the aim of this study
is to ascertain the effects of antibiotics to plant growth and production of plant
(such as the mung bean), in order to promote a safe channel for its disposal.

Keywords: expired medications, fertilizers, antibiotics, Vigna Radiata


UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL ii

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page

Abstract i
1.0 Problem Rationale
1.1 Rationale 1
1.1.2 Background of the Study
1.1.3 Significance of the Study 2
1.1.4 Objectives 3
1.2 Research Impediments

2.0 The Research Questions


2.1 Review of Literature 4
2.1.1 Agricultural Practices
Organic
Natural 5
Antibiotics
2.1.2 Effects of using Antibiotics in Plants 6
Positive effects
Negative effects 7
2.1.3 Effects of Expired Drugs 8
Expired Drug testing on Plants
2.1.4 Model 9
2.2 Research Questions 10

3.0 Research Methods

3.1 Research Design: Descriptive-Correlational 12


3.2 Subjects and Study Site
3.3 Data Measure/ (or Instrument) 13
3.3.1 Germination Test
3.3.2 Soil Water Holding Capacity 14
3.3.3 Treatments
3.3.4 Concentration
3.4 Data Gathering Procedure 15

3.5 Ethical Considerations


3.6 Data Analysis
UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL ii

4.0 Results And Discussion


4.1 Data Analysis 16
4.2 Discussion 17
Vigna Radiata 20
Plant mechanism during nutrient absorption 21

References
5.0 Conclusion and Recommendation
5.1 Conclusion 28
5.2 Recommendation 29

Appendices
1.0 A One-way ANOVA analysis of the relationship 30
between shoot lengths of control and
Co-Amoxiclav concentrates
2.0 One-way ANOVA analysis of the relationship
between shoot lengths of control and
Triconex concentrates
3.0 One-way ANOVA analysis of the relationship 31
between root lengths of control and
Co-Amoxiclav concentrates
4.0 One-way ANOVA analysis of the relationship
between root lengths of control and Triconex concentrates
5.0 One-way ANOVA analysis of the relationship 32
between lateral root count of control and
Co-Amoxiclav concentrates
6.0 One-way ANOVA analysis of the relationship between
lateral root count of control and Triconex concentrates