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HUMANITIES

UNDERSTANDING
HUMANITIES
& THE ARTS
“...each of us must
work for his own
improvement, and at
the same time share a
general responsibility
for all humanity,...”
● Marie Curie

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Latin term humanus

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● The definition of Humanities is dependent
on the beliefs, worldviews and perspectives
of the people in a particular context.
● Humanities meant primarily philosophy and
theology for medieval professors, and they
have incorporated into their teachings the
argumentations about metaphysics and
religion.
● There was a shift in the interest from the
next world to a more zest concern in this
world during the Renaissance period. The
focus was on making man’s life richer and
more meaningful.

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Various reasons for studying Humanities

1. The study of humanities gives us a broad knowledge of our


history and cultural traditions. With this knowledge we come
to understand man in the different stages of his cultural
development, his struggles, advances, retrogressions, and
discover the elements of his culture at every stage.
2. it also help us to acquire the values and wisdom that are
essential for human survival and progress. We are able to
understand and appreciate those measures of human
greatness, which man inspire us to greater efforts and at the
same time “refine our tastes and judgement”.
3. by exposing us to varied concept, ideas and forms that
man has created, the study of humanities helps us develop
reflective and critical thingking, which are

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Have you seen your self in the mirror this
morning? What then do you consider as the top
three most artistic parts of the body? Why so?
Can you consider your body an art?
NATURE OF ART
1. Timelessness of art
2. Art as expression
3. Art as imitation
4. Art as aesthetic pleasure
5. Art and nature
6. Art as play
7. Art as Empathy and as Experience
8. Art as Creation
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Art has Intrinsic Values

● Aesthetic value – expresses “art for art’s sake”


Oscar Wilde
● Didactic value – improvement of the moral fiber of
the society
● Religious value – strengthens the relationship of
man to God
● Historical value – presents particular event/aspect
that happened in the past
● Socio-political value – matters to clarify issues and
problems in politics and government

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● Scientific value – it informs about the earth &
things around it
● Commercial value – satisfies the taste of the
clientele & intends to sell creative output
● Pragmatic value – functionality of an artwork
and practicality
● Therapeutic value – eases and releases man
from tensions & anxieties
● Personal value – self-awareness & self-
fulfillment of an individual

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What do you see on the picture at first glance?
What are your initial reactions? What intrinsic
value of the arts can be gleaned from it?

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FUNCTIONS OF ART

1. Personal Function – educate man’s


senses and sharpen his perception of
the elements in the environment

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2. Social Function
● It seeks to influence the collective behavior
of people.
● It is created to be seen or use in public
situations.
● Expresses/describes social or collective
aspects of existence as opposed to individual
and personal kinds of experiences – to reform
man

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3. Physical Function
● Make our lives physically comfortable
● Functions change according to form.

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The Artists in the World of Art

● Artist – someone who excels in a


particular form of art, or in all forms or
combination of art

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Art

Visual Art Auditory and Literature


Performing arts

Painting Music

Dance
Sculpture

Theater

Architecture
Cinema

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● Painter – paints pictures, objects or any
subject from his own imagination.
● Known as two-dimensional artist

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● Architect – plans and designs, or even
perhaps constructs, public and
commercial buildings and other similar
structures
● Three-dimensional artist

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● Sculptor – uses medium like clay,
marbles, stones, wood and the likes in
the creation of statues; makes scale
models
● Three-dimensional artist

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● Other visual artists in Multimedia Arts
● Photographer
● Filmmakers
● Graphic artist

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Auditory and Performing Artists

● Musicians, choreographers and dancers,


stage artists in opera & theaters.

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Musicians – composer, singer, instrumentalists

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Literary Artists – poet, novelist, writer or author,
playwright, dramatist

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Pair Work

● Choose one of the intrinsic values that


can be drawn out from the arts.
● Create one example that shows this
value.

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