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CASCADE MINI-RINGS® Random Packing

Liquid Load, m3/(m2 • h)

KGa, kg-mol/(h•m3•atm)
KGa, lb-mol/(h•ft3•atm)
A
#2
R
CM
A
#3
R
CM

KGa CMR
CONDITIONS:
Liquid Concentrations: 4% NaOH
Conversion to Carbonate: 25%
Inlet Gas Concentration: 1% CO2

Temperature: 75 ºF [24 ºC]


Gas rate: 970lb/(ft 2 hr) [1.31 kg/(m 2 s)]

Tower Diameter: 3ft [0.91m]


Bed Height: 4ft [1.2m]

Liquid Load, gpm/ft2

CASCADE MINI-RINGS® (CMR™) Random Packing The low aspect ratio of the CMR rings, along with this
was developed and introduced to the market in 1971. preferential orientation, brings about substantial improve-
It became the first commercially successful high perform- ments in process performance:
ance random packing. Since its introduction, plastic CMR
random packing has been utilized in thousands of success- 1. Lower pressure drop: Because the CMR ring’s largest
ful installations around the world in a wide variety of opening is predominantly in the direction of the vapor
absorption, stripping and heat-exchange columns. flow, vapor passes easily through the column, resulting
in lower pressure drop.
CASCADE MINI-RINGS packing achieves better capacity
and efficiency than standard Pall Rings. This improvement 2. Higher capacity: The lower flow rate resistance of the
in performance is a result of the low "aspect ratio" of 1:3 lower aspect ratio rings results in a higher capacity.
(height of the cylinder is 1/3 of the diameter).
3. Better fouling resistance: Any solids entering the
In a bed of Pall Rings, many of the rings are oriented with packed bed are more easily flushed through the
nearly-horizontal cylindrical axes. These rings impede packing matrix by the liquid.
vapor flow more than their nearly vertical neighbors.
However, when a bed of CMR packing is installed, the 4. Higher mechanical strength: The preferred orientation
lower aspect ratio causes most of the rings to lie with with the cylindrical axis in the vertical position
their axes nearly vertical. This preferred orientation bet- increases the mechanical strength of the packed bed.
ter exposes both the interior and exterior surface of the
rings to the liquid and vapor flows, providing more effi-
cient use of the packing surface. CMR packing attains
greater capacity for a given size/efficiency.

®
Fs, m/s • (kg/m3)1/2 Fs, m/s • (kg/m3)1/2

∆p, mbar/m

wc/ft)
∆p, in wc/ft

∆p, mbar/m
wc/ft
in (in
∆p,∆p/Z
CMR #1A CMR #2A
Liquid Loading Liquid Loading
Top Curve to Bottom Top Curve to Bottom
2 3
gpm/ft m /m h 2
gpm/ft 2 m3/m 2 h
60 147 70 171
50 122 60 147
40 98 50 122
30 73 40 98
20 49 30 73
10 24 20 49
5 12 10 24
0 0 5 12
0 0
System Air-Water, Ambient System Air-Water, Ambient
Tower: 3ft Diameter Tower: 3ft Diameter

Fs, ft/s • (lb/ft3)1/2 Fs, ft/s • (lb/ft3)1/2

Fs, m/s • (kg/m3)1/2 Fs, m/s • (kg/m3)1/2


∆p, mbar/m
in(inwc/ft

∆p, mbar/m
in(inwc/ft
wc/ft)

wc/ft)
∆p/Z

∆p/Z
∆p,

∆p,

CMR #2 CMR #3A


Liquid Loading Liquid Loading
Top Curve to Bottom Top Curve to Bottom
2 3 2
gpm/ft m /m h gpm/ft 2 m3/m 2 h
70 171 70 171
60 147 60 147
50 122 50 122
40 98 40 98
30 73 30 73
20 49 20 49
10 24 10 24
5 12 5 12
0 0 0 0
System Air-Water, Ambient System Air-Water, Ambient
Tower: 3ft Diameter Tower: 3ft Diameter

Fs, ft/s • (lb/ft3)1/2 Fs, ft/s • (lb/ft3)1/2