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Production Technology

1. Machine Technology
 Machinery of the 21st century is often five times more productive than
that of previous generations while being smaller and using less power.
 Water-based lubricants enhance sustainability by eliminating
hazardous waste and allowing shavings to be recycled.
 New machinery via computers allows more complex and precise
items to be made faster.

2. Automatic Identification System


 Helps us move data into electronic form, where it is easily
manipulated
 RFID is integrated circuitry with its own tiny antennas that use radio
waves to send signals a limited range

3. Process Control
 The use of information to monitor and control a physical process.
 Process control is also used to determine and control temperatures,
pressures, and quantities in cement plants, steel mills and other
product-focused facilities.
 Process Control Systems:
i. Sensors collect data, which read
ii. Measurements are translated into digital signals, which are
transmitted into a computer
iii. Computer programs read the file and analyze the data
iv. The resulting output may take numerous forms. Ex: computer
messages

4. Vision Systems
 Combine video cameras and computer technology and are often used
in inspection roles.
 Example: vision systems are used to inspect frito-lays potato chips so
that imperfections can be identified as chips are processed down the
production line.
 Vision systems are consistently accurate

5. Robots
 Mechanical devices that use electronic impulses to activate motors
and switches
 Perform monotonous or dangerous tasks or even those that can be
upgraded by technological substitution

6. Automated Storage and Retrieval Systems


 Provide for the automatic placement and withdrawal of parts and
products into and from designated places in the warehouse.
Commonly used in retailers.

7. Automated Guided Vehicles


 Controlled carts used in manufacturing and warehousing to move
parts and equipment.

8. Flexible Manufacturing System


 A system that uses electronic signals from a centralized computer to
automate production and material flow.
 Operators load new programs to produce different products. The
result is a system that can economically produce low volume but high
variety.

9. Computer-Integrated Manufacturing
 In a computer-integrated manufacturing environment, a design
change initiated at a CAD terminal can result in that change being
made in the part produced on the shop floor in minutes.
 IT is allowing FMS and CIM to handle increasing variety while
expanding to include a growing range of volumes.