You are on page 1of 1

WORLD ENGINEERING CONFERENCE

ON DISASTER RISK REDUCTION


5 - 6 December
Peruvian Association
Lima, Peru
of Professional Engineers

BASE ISOLATION AND SUPPLEMENTAL DAMPING SYSTEMS FOR


EARTHQUAKE PROTECTION OF RC WATER STORAGE TANKS
Elvis J. Mamani(1) and Victor I. Fernandez-Davila(2)
(1) Research Assistant, Civil Engineering Section, Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, emamaniy@pucp.pe
(2) Associate Professor, Civil Engineering Section, Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, vfernandezdavila@pucp.edu.pe

Abstract
Circular cylindrical reinforced concrete (RC) storage tanks play a fundamental role in the water supply system. They are
usually used to store water. Hence, damage to water storage tanks may cause serious direct and indirect impacts. In highly
seismic countries such as Peru, it is very important for these structures to remain operative after a severe seismic event.
This paper shows the effectiveness of passive hybrid control system (base isolation and supplemental damping systems)
for the earthquake protection of circular cylindrical RC water storage tanks under bi-directional horizontal earthquake
ground motions. A viscous fluid damper (VFD) was used as a passive supplemental energy dissipation device in
association with friction pendulum system (FPS) to form a passive hybrid control system. For the seismic analysis, tanks
were considered to have a linear elastic behavior, the tank-water interaction was represented by an equivalent mechanical
model, and the inelastic non-linear behavior of the isolation system was represented by a bi-axial hysteretic restoring
force model. For this investigation, the following parameters of FPS base-isolated RC water storage tanks were
considered: the water-height/tank-inner-radius ratio (H/R), the tank-wall-thickness/tank-inner-radius ratio (e/R), the target
vibration period of the isolation system (Tb). The effects of non-linear viscous damping of the VFD on the seismic
response of FPS base-isolated RC water storage tanks were investigated by taking different values of velocity exponent
of the damper (λd). Further, the effects of a variation in damping ratio of the damper (ξd) on the seismic response of FPS
base-isolated RC water storage tanks were also investigated. Twenty-one pairs of selected and scaled ground motions
were used in time-history analysis. The effects of study parameters on seismic response of FPS base-isolated RC water
storage tanks with and without supplemental damping system for a spectrum compatible ground motions corresponding
to the design earthquake for the most severe earthquake zone according to a proposal for Peruvian standards for
earthquake-resistant design were studied. The seismic responses of the tanks with passive hybrid control system was
compared with the corresponding seismic responses of the tanks with base-isolated, as well as with the tanks with fixed-
base. The results of the investigation show that the addition of supplemental damping in the form of a viscous fluid damper
significantly reduces the lateral displacement of the tank’s base of FPS base-isolated RC water storage tanks for H/R
ratios larger than 0.5. The non-linear viscous damping was found to be more effective in controlling the lateral
displacement of the tank’s base relative to the ground.

Keywords: friction pendulum system, viscous fluid damper, RC water storage tanks, time-history analysis