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Main

FC program for Aquifer Test Analysis - 2013 version


developed by Gerrit van Tonder, Fanie de Lange and Modreck Gomo
DATA sheet: Enter general info and data of constant rate pumping test and recovery (optional)
Country: SA Geology: goudplaats gneiss
Region: North Depth of BH: 50
Owner: Community Water strikes: 16 and 24 m below water level
X-coord: 29.30 Date of Test: 1997
Y-coord: 24.10 Contractor: Dr G. Potgieter
CONSTANT RATE TEST DATA : enter values in cells which are coloured light yellow
Borehole: BACL AD= available drawdown for managing the borehole
Distance from Rest WL to main water strike (m) = 16 smax= 26.4 Recom. AD = 16.0 AD = 16 Time (y) = 2
Q (l/s)= 15 Recovery data T (m /d) : Logan eq.
2
time = extrapolation time
t (min) s (m) avg s' avg s'' avg T avg S Time t' Res_s t/t' Wl rise s' Rec_T 59.9
0.50 5.63 0.5 19.02 5401 7.38

Drawdown (m)
1.00 6.11 1 12.16 2701 14.24 17.23
1.50 6.59 6.94 -0.86 1.5 11.12 1801 15.28 6.38
2.00 7.7 4.53 -1.04 46.05 4.29E-03 2 10.23 1351 16.17 8.02 29.8 Semi-log
3.00 8.66 3.42 -1.22 56.71 2.20E-03 2.5 9.33 1081 17.07 9.86 26.8
30
4.00 8.71 2.22 -0.85 127.37 2.20E-03 3 8.49 901 17.91 8.77 26.7
5.00 8.79 1.97 0.64 168.77 2.20E-03 4 7.52 676 18.88 8.14 26.9 25
6.00 8.91 2.52 1.48 80.88 2.20E-03 5 6.68 541 19.72 9.62 24.8
20
7.00 9.2 3.32 -0.02 60.82 2.20E-03 6 5.82 451 20.58 11.21 21.3
8.00 9.58 2.72 -3.09 73.95 2.20E-03 7 5.04 386.7 21.36 12.85 18.3 15
9.00 9.59 1.61 -3.92 147.15 2.20E-03 8 4.21 338.5 22.19 15.01 15.8
10
10.00 9.6 1.12 -0.74 291.14 2.20E-03 9 3.4 301 23 17.41 13.9
11.00 9.66 1.29 2.83 223.86 2.20E-03 10 2.52 271 23.88 19.05 13.1 5
12.00 9.72 2.35 4.31 94.92 2.20E-03 11 1.74 246.5 24.66 17.95 19.0
0
15.00 9.77 4.64 2.86 48.29 2.20E-03 12 1.1 226 25.3 5.65 46.4
0.10 1.00 10.00 100.00 1000.00 10000.00
20.00 10.6 7.78 1.72 29.19 2.20E-03 15 0.87 181 25.53 1.31 136.0 Time (min)
25.00 11.8 10.73 1.03 20.08 2.20E-03 20 0.8 136 25.6 0.71 261.0
30.00 12.9 12.46 0.37 18.40 2.20E-03 25 0.71 109 25.69 0.80 364.2

Drawdown (m)
35.00 13.8 12.48 -0.45 18.68 2.20E-03 30 0.66 91 25.74 0.48 476.1
40.00 14.3 11.13 -1.40 19.99 2.20E-03 35 0.64 78.14 25.76 0.32 541.0
45.00 15.2 8.93 -2.34 25.88 2.20E-03 40 0.62 68.5 25.78 0.55 497.4 Log-log
50.00 15.4 6.66 -2.26 25.88 2.20E-03 45 0.58 61 25.82 0.62 409.8
100

10
Drawdown (m)
Log-log
100
55.00 15.4 5.53 -1.47 25.88 2.20E-03 50 0.56 55 25.84 0.57 389.9
61.66 15.9 4.91 -0.86 25.88 2.20E-03 55 0.53 50.09 25.87 0.63 400.2
70.00 16.1 4.49 -0.79 25.88 2.20E-03 60 0.51 46 25.89 0.58 448.7
80.00 16.3 4.02 -0.30 25.88 2.20E-03 70 0.47 39.57 25.93 0.41 594.2
90.00 16.5 4.12 1.70 25.88 2.20E-03 80 0.46 34.75 25.94 0.27 Err:502
10
100.00 16.7 5.66 4.12 25.88 2.20E-03 90 0.44 31 25.96 ### Err:502
110.00 16.8 9.17 4.33 24.29 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
120.00 17.3 13.58 2.37 14.85 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
140.00 18.9 14.30 -0.98 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
160.00 19.5 10.55 -2.41 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
1
180.00 19.9 7.47 -2.15 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
0.10 1.00 10.00 100.00 1000.00 10000.00
210.00 20.2 5.96 -1.01 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502 Time (min)
240.00 20.5 5.63 -0.68 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
270.00 20.9 5.06 -1.56 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
300.00 21.1 4.05 -2.14 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
330.00 21.2 3.30 -1.65 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
360.00 21.3 2.95 -0.50 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
420.00 21.5 3.06 0.47 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
480.00 21.7 3.34 0.81 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
540.00 21.8 3.75 0.84 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
600.00 22.1 4.04 0.49 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
660.00 22.2 4.16 0.49 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
720.00 22.4 4.41 0.73 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
780.00 22.5 4.67 0.20 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
840.00 22.7 4.59 -1.13 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
900.00 22.9 3.86 -2.28 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
1000.00 23 3.07 -2.20 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
1100.00 23.1 2.57 -0.88 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
1200.00 23.2 2.58 1.49 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
1300.00 23.3 3.21 3.92 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
1400 23.3 4.64 4.82 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
1500 23.6 6.44 3.52 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
1600 23.8 7.54 1.67 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
1700 24 8.01 0.78 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
1800 24.2 8.26 0.78 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
1900 24.4 8.72 1.27 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
2000 24.6 9.44 2.05 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
2100 24.8 10.68 2.81 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
2200 25 12.32 2.79 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
2300 25.3 13.80 2.01 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
2400 25.6 14.71 Err:502 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
2500 25.8 ### Err:502 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
2600 26.1 ### Err:502 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
2700 26.4 ### Err:502 14.78 2.20E-03 ### ### ### Err:502
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.00 10000.00
0.00 10000.00
DIAGNOSTIC PLOTS
BACL
Drawdown (m)

Drawdown (m)
Semi-log Log-log

30 100

25

20

15 10

10

0 1
0.10 1.00 10.00 100.00 1000.00 10000.00 0.10 1.00 10.00 100.00 1000.00 10000.00
Time (min) Time (min)
Recovery T : T= 24.1 m2/d
R e s id u a l d r a w d o w n (m )

R eco very o f w ater level


Recovery: t' against rise of wl
Recovery: t/t' vs residual drawdown
20 30
18
16 25
14
20
12
10 15
8
6 10
4
5
2
0 0
10 100 1000 10000 0.1 1 10 100
t/t' t'

1.1 14.4 9 23.4


1.1 11
9 60
14.4 144
23.4 234
DERIVATIVE PLOTS AND T- AND S - VALUES
BACL

100

data (s)

10 s'

Log s '

1
0.10 1.00 10.00 100.00 1000.00 10000.00

Time (min)

log derivative = 0.17 good fracture network


Cooper-Jacob method
BACL
T(m2/d) = 39.6 re (m)= 0.98 0.98 98 effective bh radius
S= 7.34E-03 Q (l/s) = 15
x0 11 1.1
No boundaries 1 no-flow 2 no-flow Closed x1 1000 701
Q_sust 5.75 2.88 1.90 1.44 including influence of bh's y0 59 5.9
Avg. Q_sust = 2.99 std. dev = 1.94 y1 227 22.7

a= 5.99074573
Drawdown (m)

Cooper-Jacob
30

25

20

15

10

0
0.1 1 10 100 1000 10000
Time (min)

x0 y0 x1 y1
1.1 5.9 701 22.7

Theis T (m2/d) S r u W(u) s


32 1.63E-03 5.00 0.916875 0.25064381 0.808206563
32 163 0.458438 0.60950122 1.9653502857
0.305625 0.88906365 2.8668055581
D raw d o w n (m )

0.229219 1.11038484 3.5804606717


0.152813 1.44701587 4.6659349198
0.114609 1.69930692 5.4794530463
Theis
0.091688 1.90089351 6.1294734884
30
0.076406 2.06870697 6.6705917488
25 0.065491 2.21242696 7.1340200482
20 0.057305 2.33809797 7.5392490309
15
0.050938 2.44974511 7.8992577154
0.045844 2.55018281 8.2231213319
10
0.041676 2.64145589 8.517433394
5 0.038203 2.72509656 8.7871346144
0 0.030563 2.94080386 9.4826876213
0.10 1.00 10.00 100.00 1000.00 10000.00 0.022922 3.2210211 10.386254345
0.018338 3.43967197 11.091298935
Time (min)
0.015281 3.61899264 11.669522433
0.013098 3.770997 12.159663882
0.011461 3.9029171 12.585043197
Cooper-Jacob 2: Distance drawdown 0.010188 4.01944599 12.960793206
0.009169 4.12380261 13.297293457
Obs 1 Obs 2 Obs 3 Obs 4 Obs 5 Obs 6 0.008335 4.21829104 13.601973499
Distance r (m) 0.007435 4.33169726 13.967654366
Drawdown (m) 0.006549 4.45769104 14.373924125
Time (minutes) 0.00573 4.59041429 14.801893207
T (m2/d) = 10921.83 S Err:502 0.005094 4.70756854 15.1796597
0.004584 4.81242588 15.517774537
Drawdown (m )

0.004168 4.90732428 15.823776532


0.1 0.20 0.00382 4.99399244 16.103239939
20 0.10 0.003275 5.14760365 16.598562723
0.25

0.2

0.15

0.1

0.05

0
0.1 1 Distance (m) 10 100
Drawdown (m )
0.25
0.04 0.002865 5.28073035 17.027832721
0.2 0.002547 5.39819856 17.406611595
0.002183 5.55198938 17.902513527
0.15
0.00191 5.68525084 18.332218061
0.1 0.001698 5.80282389 18.71133501
0.001528 5.90801641 19.050530629
0.05
0.001389 6.00318913 19.357417175
0 0.001273 6.09008595 19.637617898
0.1 1 Distance (m) 10 100 0.001092 6.24405659 20.13409967
0.000955 6.37745294 20.564239188
0.000849 6.49513094 20.94369452
1 2 20 1 0.000764 6.60040743 21.283160886
0.1 0.20 20 0.10 0.000695 6.69564885 21.590268977
0.000637 6.78260293 21.870654339
0.000588 6.86259715 22.128597492
0.000546 6.93666356 22.367426289
0.000509 7.00562041 22.589779197
0.000458 7.1109305 22.929353922
0.000417 7.20619942 23.236550677
0.000382 7.29317641 23.517009929
0.000353 7.37319003 23.775015608
0.000327 7.44727306 24.013898
0.000306 7.51624432 24.236297358
0.000287 7.58076393 24.444342275
0.00027 7.64137186 24.639773911
0.000255 7.69851544 24.824034659
0.000241 7.75256939 24.998332824
0.000229 7.80385074 25.163690678
0.000218 7.8526301 25.320980801
0.000208 7.89914029 25.470953948
0.000199 7.94358308 25.614260721
0.000191 7.98613447 25.751468631
0.000183 8.0269489 25.883075667
0.000176 8.06616263 26.009521213
0.00017 8.10389649 26.131194892
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FC-METHOD : Estimation of the sustainable yield of a borehole
BACL
Extrapolation time in years = (enter) 2 1051200 Extrapol.time in minutes
Effective borehole radius (re) = (enter) 0.98 11.58 Est. re From r(e) sheet
Q (l/s) from pumping test = 15 4.29E-03 S-late Change re
sa (available drawdown), sigma_s = (enter) 16.0 Sigma_s from risk
Annual effective recharge (mm) = 16.00 s_available working drawdown(m)
t(end) and s(end) of pumping test = 2700 26.4 End time and drawdown of test
Average maximum derivative = (enter) 14.7 14.7 Estimate of average of max deriv
Average second derivative = (enter) 0.2 0.2 Estimate of average second deriv
Derivative at radial flow period = (enter) 2.62 2.62 Read from derivative graph
T-early[m2/d] = 90.56 Aqui. thick (m) 20
T and S estimates from derivatives T-late [m2/d] = 16.12 Est. S-late = 1.10E-03
(To obtain correct S-value, use program RPTSOLV) S-late = 2.20E-03 S-estimate could be wrong

BASIC SOLUTION
(Using derivatives + subjective information about boundaries) Maximum influence of boundaries at long time
(No values of T and S are necessary) No boundaries 1 no-flow 2 no-flow Closed no-flow
sWell (Extrapol.time) = 65.01 103.12 141.22 255.52
Q_sust (l/s) = 3.69 2.33 1.70 0.94
Best case Worst case
Average Q_sust (l/s) = 1.92
with standard deviation= 1.17
(If no information exists about boundaries skip advanced solution and go to final recommendation)

ADVANCED SOLUTION
(Using derivatives+ knowledge on boundaries and other boreholes)
(Late T-and S-values a priori + distance to boundary)
T-late [m2/d] = (enter) 16.12
S-late = (enter) 1.00E-03
1. BOUNDARY INFORMATION (choose a or b) (Code =9999 = dummy value if not applicable)
(a) Barrier (no-flow) boundaries Closed Square Single Barrier Intersect. 90o 2 Parallel Barriers
Bound. distance a[meter] : (enter) 9999 9999 9999 9999
Bound. distance b[meter] : (enter) 9999 9999
s_Bound(t = Extrapol.time) [m] = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

(b) Fix head boundary + no-flow Closed Fix Single Fix 90oFix+no-flow // Fix+no-flow
Bound. distance to fix head a[meter] : (enter) 9999 9999 9999 9999
Bound. distance to no-flow b[meter] : (enter) 9999 9999
s_Bound(t = Extrapol.time) [m] = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

2. INFLUENCE OF OTHER BOREHOLES Q (l/s) r (m) u_r W(u,r)


BH1 0.00E+00 Err:502
BH2 0.00E+00 Err:502
s_(influence of BH1,BH2) = 0.00 0.00 2.04E-08 17.13
SOLUTION INCLUDING BOUNDS AND BH's
Fix head + No-flow : Q_sust (l/s) = 9999.00 9999.00 9999.00 9999.00
No-flow : Q_sust (l/s) = 9999.00 9999.00 9999.00 9999.00
Enter selected Q for risk analysis = (enter) Sigma_s = 0.000
(Go to Risk sheet and perform risk analysis from which sigma_s will be estimated : only for barrier boundaries)

FINAL RECOMMENDED ABSTRACTION RATE


Abstraction rate (l/s) for 24 hr/d = (enter)
Total amount of water allowed to be
abstracted per month (m3) = 0

COMMENTS
Q_sust with 68% safety =
Q_sust with 95% safety =
FC Inflection Point method for sustainable yield estimation
BACL
extrapolaltion time in years = 2 1051200
t( min) and s(m) at inflection point = 1789.0 23.2
enter derivative value at inflection point time = 8.01
No boundaries 1 no-flow 2 no-flow Closed
sWell(Extrapol.time) 45.37 67.55 89.72 156.25 (including influence of bh's from sust_Q sheet)
Q_sust 7.67 5.15 3.88 2.23 0.50 0 999999
Best case Worst case 1.00 0 999999
Average Q-sust (l/s)= 4.30 std. dev = 2.30 1.50 ### 999999
D raw d o wn (m )

time drawdown 2.00 ### 999999


1789 23.2 3.00 ### 999999
8.00779 232 4.00 ### 999999
5.00 ### 999999
30 6.00 ### 999999
25 7.00 ### 999999
8.00 ### 999999
20 9.00 ### 999999
10.00 ### 999999
15
11.00 ### 999999
10 12.00 ### 999999
15.00 ### 999999
5 20.00 ### 999999
25.00 ### 999999
0
0.1 1 10 100 1000 10000 30.00 ### 999999
35.00 ### 999999
Time (min) 40.00 ### 999999
45.00 ### 999999
50.00 ### 999999
55.00 ### 999999
61.66 ### 999999
70.00 ### 999999
80.00 ### 999999
90.00 ### 999999
100.00 ### 999999
110.00 ### 999999
120.00 ### 999999
140.00 ### 999999
160.00 ### 999999
180.00 ### 999999
210.00 ### 999999
240.00 ### 999999
270.00 ### 999999
300.00 ### 999999
330.00 ### 999999
360.00 ### 999999
420.00 ### 999999
480.00 ### 999999
540.00 ### 999999
600.00 ### 999999
660.00 ### 999999
720.00 ### 999999
780.00 ### 999999
840.00 ### 999999
900.00 ### 999999
1000.00 ### 999999
1100.00 ### 999999
1200.00 ### 999999
1300.00 ### 999999
1400.00 ### 999999
1500.00 ### 999999
1600.00 ### 999999
1700.00 ### 8.007795
1800.00 ### 999999
1900.00 ### 999999
2000.00 ### 999999
2100.00 ### 999999
2200.00 ### 999999
2300.00 ### 999999
2400.00 ### 999999
2500.00 Err:502 999999
2600.00 Err:502 999999
2700.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502 999999
0.00 Err:502
Step Drawdown Test Borehole name BACL

Start time of each pumping rate and rate


step 1 2 3 4 comment re (m) = 2.40 24
t (min) 0 60 120 180 T (m2/d) = 34.0 506
Q (L/s) 5 9 12 21 S = 5.06E-03
s (m) Q(l/s) n s/Q B(t-tn) fit auto fit difference birsoy
Drawdown (m)
Time (min)
1 2.08 5 1 0.0048 1 7.78E-01 Err:502 Err:502 0.60663
10 3.81 5 1 0.0088 10 2.40E+00 Err:502 Err:502 2.93335
Step drawdown data
30 4.19 5 1 0.0097
35 30 3.28E+00 Err:502 Err:502 4.04347
35 4.25 5 1 0.0098 35 3.41E+00 Err:502 Err:502 4.19924
40 4.31 5 1 0.01
30 40 3.52E+00 Err:502 Err:502 4.33417
45 4.36 5 1 0.0101 45 3.62E+00 Err:502 Err:502 4.45319
50 4.4 5 1 0.0102
25 50 3.71E+00 Err:502 Err:502 4.55965
55 4.44 5 1 0.0103 55 3.79E+00 Err:502 Err:502 4.65596
60 4.5 5 1 0.0104
20 60 3.86E+00 Err:502 Err:502 4.74388
data
61 5.78 9 2 0.0074 9.8141 4.71E+00 Err:502 Err:502 5.24589
70 7.6 9 2 0.0098
15 29.478 6.52E+00 Err:502 Err:502 7.24633 fit
90 7.87 9 2 0.0101 55.232 7.58E+00 Err:502 Err:502 8.38838
95 7.97 9 2 0.0102
10 60.952 7.74E+00 Err:502 Err:502 8.56762
100 7.95 9 2 0.0102 66.548 7.89E+00 Err:502 Err:502 8.7274
105 8 9 2 0.0103
5 72.052 8.03E+00 Err:502 Err:502 8.87191
110 8.04 9 2 0.0103 77.483 8.16E+00 Err:502 Err:502 9.00409
115 8.08 9 2 0.0104
0 82.857 8.27E+00 Err:502 Err:502 9.12606
120 8.1 9 2 0.01040 88.184 Time (min)
8.38E+00100 Err:502150 Err:502
50 200 9.2394250 300
121 8.12 12 3 0.0078 29.036 9.25E+00 Err:502 Err:502 9.62513
130 12.67 12 3 0.0122 55.698 1.08E+01 Err:502 Err:502 11.2049
150 12.9 12 3 0.0124 84.606 1.19E+01 Err:502 Err:502 12.2187
155 12.92 12 3 0.0125 90.76 1.20E+01 Err:502 Err:502 12.389
160 12.94 12 3 0.0125 96.731 1.22E+01 Err:502 Err:502 12.5435
165 12.96 12 3 0.0125 102.56 1.23E+01 Err:502 Err:502 12.6855
170 12.96 12 3 0.0125 108.28 1.25E+01 Err:502 Err:502 12.8171
175 12.97 12 3 0.0125 113.92 1.26E+01 Err:502 Err:502 12.9402
180 12.98 12 3 0.0125 119.48 1.27E+01 Err:502 Err:502 13.0558
181 20.92 21 4 0.0115 15.464 1.60E+01 Err:502 Err:502 14.17
190 24.38 21 4 0.0134 43.388 2.12E+01 Err:502 Err:502 18.5486
210 29.84 21 4 0.0164 75.794 2.41E+01 Err:502 Err:502 20.916
215 30.36 21 4 0.0167 82.57 2.45E+01 Err:502 Err:502 21.2795
220 31.1 21 4 0.0171 89.097 2.49E+01 Err:502 Err:502 21.6023
225 31.42 21 4 0.0173 95.429 2.53E+01 Err:502 Err:502 21.8937
230 31.82 21 4 0.0175 101.61 2.56E+01 Err:502 Err:502 22.1599
235 32.22 21 4 0.0178 107.66 2.59E+01 Err:502 Err:502 22.4054
240 32.52 21 4 0.0179 113.6 2.62E+01 Err:502 Err:502 22.6335
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
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0 1
0 1
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0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
G=Gamma(n/2)
FC - Non Linear Method to estimate Q_Sust s(t)=AQ+BQe(log(t))G+CQplog(t)
Fit stepdrawdown data first: Manual - use buttons OR : Auto - solver skin effect Non-Darcian loss Darcian loss
Extrapolation comment A C p B n e
Ext_pol time (min) 1.80E-03 1.31E-06 2 2.35E-03 1.65 1.05 manual fit
1051200 18 1800 131000 2000 2352 165 105
Q (L/s) Drawdown (m) 16 4.10E-03 2.78E-06 2.00 1.43E-03 0.00 1.00 auto fit param
14
Drawdown (m)

6.1 16.21 12
10
61 Fit graph 8 data manual fit
Manual 1 0 Auto fit 6
35
✘ 4
param param
(Choose which parameter set to use for Q_sust) 2 30
0
Available drawdown (m) = 16
25
No boundaries 1 no-flow 2 no-flow Closed
6.1 3.1 2.0 1.0 20
Q_Sust (L/s)= 2.49 std.dev = 2.20 15

10

0
0 50 100 Time150
(min) 200 250 300

RMSE= Err:502
Slug Test BACL

H0 (m)= 0.24 rw(m) = 0.08 d(m) = 20 d/rw = 250 C=


t(s) h(m) b (m) = 20 K (m/d)= 15.1336
0 0.25
1 0.19
2 0.15 Slug Test
3 0.13 1
4 0.1
h(m)

5 0.08
6 0.06
7 0.05
8 0.035 0.1
9 0.026915 1/t*ln(h0/ht)=
10 0.018197

0.01
0 2 4 6 8 10 12
Time (seconds)

SLUG TEST - YIELD ESTIMATE

Note: All the estimates are qualified guesses and could be wrong
BH Name =

Recession time (s) for 70% recovery 6

Yield of BH (L/s) = 7

T (m2/d) of formation in vicinity of BH = 45


T (m /d) of formation - Average =
2
4

K-value of fracture (m
T-value of fracture (m

Fracture T-estimate from Svenson-equation 516 m2/d


CL

6.9413 ln(Re/rw)= 4.4055224127

x0 0
x1 10 10
y0 0.24 24
y1 0.02 20

1/t*ln(h0/ht)= 21469.59

scroll down for more

IMATE

e wrong
RECOMMENDATION
Conduct a Pumptest on BH

First estimate of sustainable yield (L/s)


1.49

K-value of fracture (m/d) = 4694


T-value of fracture (m2/d) = 939
Barker- Method BACL
141 r= 14.10 Extpol. t (y) 2 avail. draw 16.00
Manual Fit Automatic Fit with SOLVER
YES 0 NO
Kf [m/d] Sf [1/m] b n Min Value Max
2300 1.60E-04 0.2 1.74 Kf [m/d] = 1 100 100000
2300 1601 200 174 Sf [1/m] = 1.00E-07 1.00E-05 0.005 Min, Max time to fit (min)
b= 0.1 0.2 100 min max
n= 1 2 3 0 10000
Fit Kf [m/d] Sf [1/m] b n N RMSE = 121.6296
Fit Parameters 2300.00 1.60E-04 0.20 1.74 0.1300
No boundaries 1 no-flow 2 no-flow Closed
sWell(Extrapol.time) 66.52 142.73 180.83 218.93 (including influence of bh's from sust_Q sheet)
Q_sust 3.61 1.68 1.33 1.10 4.398157
5.437432 1.517438 121.6296
0.452348
Fractal n = 1.74 Average Q-sust (l/s)= 1.93 std. dev = 1.15 6.090224 0.249776
D ra w d o w n (m )

6.574704 1.266292
7.28905 1.879505
7.819213 0.793501
8.244314 0.297774
Barker- Method
30 8.600918 0.095532
25 8.909087 0.084631
20 9.181072 0.159143
15 9.424931 0.027248
10
9.646257 0.00214
9.849099 0.035758
5
10.03649 0.100164
0
0.10 1.00 10.00 100.00 1000.00 10000.00
10.52685 0.57282
Time (min) 11.18039 0.336858
11.70443 0.009134
12.14402 0.571504
12.52391 1.62841
12.85919 2.075928
Final Fit Parameters 13.1598 4.162405
Kf [m/d] = 2300.00 13.43264 3.870519
Sf [1/m] = 1.60E-04 13.68268 2.949172
b(3-n) = 0.13 13.98665 3.660902
n= 1.74 14.32939 3.135058
b= 0.20 14.69629 2.571889
Kf*b(3-n) 302.71 15.02525 2.1749
15.32381 1.89391
15.59743 1.44617
15.85021 2.101888
123.0269 16.30512 6.733412
3890.451 16.70661 7.803011
0.42658 17.06659 8.028223
0.891251 17.54612 7.043096
17.96934 6.404228
18.3488 6.508617
18.6932 5.792702
19.00883 4.801224
19.30042 3.998335
19.82516 2.805084
20.28829 1.992912
20.70353 1.202238
21.0804 1.039576
21.4258 0.599386
21.74488 0.429182
22.04161 0.210121
22.31911 0.14508
22.57986 0.102488
22.98261 0.000302
23.35172 0.063363
23.69271 0.242763
24.00981 0.503835
24.30636 1.012765
24.58502 0.97027
24.84796 1.098229
25.09698 1.203359
25.33356 1.284952
25.55897 1.343203
25.77428 1.378935
25.98042 1.3934
26.1782 1.388148
26.3683 1.14126
26.55134 0.905046
26.72786 0.860927
26.89834 0.637353
27.06321 0.439854
-6.623522 0
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-6.623522 0
-6.623522 0
Sodium Adsorption Ratio (SAR) diagram for irrigation
mg/l meq/l
Na 200 8.70
Ca 55 2.75
Mg 42 3.50
EC(mS/m) 80
SAR = 4.9
DO NOT MOVE GRAPH

30

25

20

SAR
15

10

0
10 100
Salinity hazard (mS/m)

micromohos/cm = mS/m
mg/l to meq/l conversion factor

O NOT MOVE GRAPH

10 0
725 30

EC and SAR
80 4.9
Quality of water EC(mS/m) SAR
Excellent < 25 < 10
Good 25-75 10-18
Doubtful 75-225 18-26
Unsuitable > 225 > 26

100 1000
alinity hazard (mS/m)

icromohos/cm = mS/m
Leaky Aquifer: Hantush Method
BACL
T(m2/d) = 39.6 re (m)= 0.98 3.26 326
S= 1.12E-03 Q (l/s) = 15
L (m) = 195 C (d) = 961 x0 1 1 a1= 5.891619
x1 1000 1135.5 a0= 5.3
Drawdow n (m)

y0 0.1 5.3 tp= 12.93447


Hantush y1 10 23.3 sp= 11.85
30
a= 5.8916195
25 3 689 40.738028
237 23.7 0.072
20 Move purple dot to steady state drawdown
sp = 11.85
15
tp = 12.9
10 e(r/L)*K0(r/L)= 4.626063
r/L = 0.01671
5
exp(-r/L) = 0.983429
0 K0(r/L) = 4.549402
0.1 1 10
Time (min) 100 1000 10000

53 2271 233
x0 y0 x1 y1

Watertable: Neuman method


t T S Sy r
0.1 37 1.00E-05 0.001 3.20
1 37 10 1 32 u Wu s1
0.201258 1.215581 3.2853541
Drawdown (m )

0.100629 1.816279 4.9088634


0.067086 2.189895 5.9186361
30 Neuman 0.050314 2.461452 6.6525732
0.033543 2.850656 7.7044755
25 0.025157 3.130156 8.4598809
20 0.020126 3.348374 9.0496586
0.016771 3.527404 9.5335254
15 0.014376 3.679201 9.9437868
0.012579 3.810965 10.299906
10
0.011181 3.927372 10.61452
5 0.010063 4.031632 10.896302
0.009148 4.12604 11.151461
0
0.008386 4.2123 11.384595
0.10 1.00 10.00 100.00 1000.00 10000.00
Time (min) 0.006709 4.433789 11.983214
0.005031 4.719815 12.756258
0.004025 4.941965 13.356662
0.003354 5.123623 13.847631
0.002875 5.2773 14.262974
0.002516 5.410476 14.622909
0.002236 5.527983 14.940494
0.002013 5.633122 15.224654
0.00183 5.728251 15.48176
0.001632 5.84235 15.790135
0.001438 5.969025 16.132501
0.001258 6.102379 16.492916
0.001118 6.220024 16.810875
0.001006 6.325274 17.095334
0.000915 6.420493 17.352684
0.000839 6.507429 17.587646
0.000719 6.661461 18.003949
0.000629 6.794904 18.364605
0.000559 6.912618 18.68275
0.000479 7.066689 19.09916
0.000419 7.200161 19.459895
0.000373 7.317898 19.778103
0.000335 7.423222 20.062762
0.000305 7.518502 20.320275
0.00028 7.605488 20.555373
0.00024 7.759599 20.97189
0.00021 7.893101 21.332705
0.000186 8.010861 21.650975
0.000168 8.116203 21.935684
0.000152 8.211498 22.193238
0.00014 8.298497 22.42837
0.000129 8.378529 22.644673
0.00012 8.452628 22.84494
0.000112 8.521613 23.031386
0.000101 8.626962 23.316114
9.15E-05 8.722263 23.573684
8.39E-05 8.809267 23.80883
7.74E-05 8.889303 24.025144
7.19E-05 8.963406 24.225421
6.71E-05 9.032394 24.411876
6.29E-05 9.096928 24.586293
5.92E-05 9.157549 24.750133
5.59E-05 9.214705 24.904607
5.3E-05 9.268769 25.050727
5.03E-05 9.320059 25.18935
4.79E-05 9.368847 25.321209
4.57E-05 9.415365 25.446933
4.38E-05 9.459815 25.567067
4.19E-05 9.502373 25.682089
4.03E-05 9.543193 25.792414
3.87E-05 9.582412 25.898412
3.73E-05 9.620151 26.000409
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Summary BACL
Applicable Method Sustainable yield (l/s) Std. Dev Early T (m2/d) Late T (m2/d)
1✘ Basic FC 1.92 1.17 91 16.1
1✘ Advanced FC 91 16.1
1✘ FC inflection point 4.30 2.30
0 Cooper-Jacob 2.99 1.94 39.6
1✘ FC Non-Linear 2.49 2.20 34.0
1✘ Barker 1.93 1.15 Kf = 2300 Ss =
Average Q_sust (l/s) 2.66 1.12 b= 0.20 Fractal dimension n =

Recommended abstraction rate (L/s) 2.30 for 24 hours per day


Hours per day of pumping 24 2.30 L/s for 24 hours per day

Amount of water allowed to be abstracted per month 5961.6 m3


Borehole could satisfy the basic human need of 7949 persons
Is the water suitable for domestic use (Yes/No) Y

Recommended pump depth below surface (m) 50


Total Casing length
Blow yield (l/s)
Critical depth that water level must not exceeded
Depth of bh
static water level

Management recommendations
Example of Monitoring Graph

BH number BACL Groundwater management and Monitoring graph


Municipality Limpopo Y Main water strike (m) = 16 Recommended Q (l/s) = 2.30
Owner Farmer X BH depth (m) = 50 Method used for Q_sust FC
Geological formation Gneis Use of water Domestic Pump Submercible
Topo map sheet # Depth of pump instal 53 KW of pump 8
Other water strikes 24 Max. Q of pump (l/s) 6
Other comments:
Water level b elo w su rface (m )

Borehole is situated in a closed boundary (Average distance = 1 km)

P ro d u ctio n (m 3/m o n th )
0 25000
5
10
15 20000
20
25
30 15000
35
40
45 10000
50
55
60 5000
10

P ro d
W
15 20000
20
25
30 15000
35
40
45 10000
50
55
60 5000
65
70
75 0

34304

35947
33208
33298
33390
33482
33573
33664
33756
33848
33939
34029
34121
34213

34394
34486
34578
34669
34759
34851
34943
35034
35125
35217
35309
35400
35490
35582
35674
35765
35855

36039
36130
36220
Date

DATE PUMP WL REST WL PID PROD. Recom. Q HOURS YIELD D-DOWN PWL-PID
(m) (m) (m) (m^3) (m3/mnth) (h) (m^3/h) (m) (m)

Dec-90 36.77 54 8264 10800 36.77 17.23


Jan-91 34.87 54 4422 10800 34.87 19.13
Feb-91 35 33.61 54 493 10800 121 4.1 1.39 19
Mar-91 36.55 54 9926 10800 550 18 36.55 17.45
Apr-91 19.54 54 10563 10800 766 13.8 19.54 34.46
May-91 34.7 54 5388 10800 458 11.8 34.7 19.3
Jun-91 36.74 36.39 54 10937 10800 671 16.3 0.35 17.26
Jul-91 34.77 34.73 54 8872 10800 581 15.3 0.04 19.23
Aug-91 37.47 37.15 54 8588 10800 572 15 0.32 16.53
Sep-91 36.01 54 7118 10800 578 12.3 -36.01 54
Oct-91 40.46 39.97 54 7812 10800 425 18.4 0.49 13.54
Nov-91 41.28 40.93 54 8635 10800 555 15.6 0.35 12.72
Dec-91 39.01 54 3643 10800 382 9.5 -39.01 54
Jan-92 41.03 54 2598 10800 235 11.1 41.03 12.97
Feb-92 41.56 38.11 54 10265 10800 683 15 3.45 12.44
Mar-92 49.88 39.62 54 7319 10800 566 12.9 10.26 4.12
Apr-92 51.85 35.71 54 11286 10800 692 16.3 16.14 2.15
May-92 51.83 35.67 54 11902 10800 817 14.6 16.16 2.17
Jun-92 35.1 54 7240 10800 651 11.1 -35.1 54
Jul-92 52.98 49.05 54 5784 10800 574 10.1 3.93 1.02
Aug-92 52.18 54 5647 10800 344 16.4 -52.18 54
Sep-92 52.4 51.4 54 4742 10800 291 16.3 1 1.6
Oct-92 52.47 52.1 54 4316 10800 268 16.1 0.37 1.53
Nov-92 52.93 54 5606 10800 350 16 -52.93 54
Dec-92 47.68 54 4419 10800 276 16 -47.68 54
Jan-93 51.99 54 12906 10800 339 38.1 -51.99 54
Feb-93 51.43 54 2415 10800 151 51.43 2.57
Mar-93 48.51 54 2967 10800 360 8.2 48.51 5.49
Apr-93 52.25 47.02 54 3969 10800 239 16.6 5.23 1.75
May-93 51.3 46.95 54 5638 10800 340 16.6 4.35 2.7
Jun-93 47.52 54 6998 10800 427 16.4 -47.52 54
Jul-93 53.19 49.05 54 7962 10800 490 16.2 4.14 0.81
Aug-93 54 3000 10800 0 54
Sep-93 54 3000 10800 0 54
Oct-93 56.82 54 3000 10800 0 -56.82 54
Nov-93 56.17 54 6310 10800 -56.17 54
Dec-93 53.35 54 4385 10800 270 16.2 -53.35 54
Jan-94 54.6 50.43 54.6 5757 10800 359 16 4.17 0
Feb-94 54.6 49.79 54.6 4627 10800 271 17.1 4.81 0
Mar-94 54.6 4969 10800 290 17.1 0 54.6
Apr-94 48.87 45.62 54.6 4916 10800 280 17.6 3.25 5.73
May-94 46.93 54.6 6303 10800 358 17.6 -46.93 54.6
Jun-94 43.72 54.6 4037 10800 230 17.6 -43.72 54.6
Jul-94 43.69 43.41 54.6 1077 5000 60 18 0.28 10.91
Aug-94 43.65 43.23 54.6 4954 5000 283 17.5 0.42 10.95
Sep-94 43.65 43.23 54.6 4954 5000 283 17.5 0.42 10.95
Oct-94 46.1 43.63 54.6 5553 5000 319 17.4 2.47 8.5
Nov-94 45.2 54.6 9175 5000 534 17.2 -45.2 54.6
Dec-94 46.32 54.6 4510 5000 261 17.3 -46.32 54.6
Jan-95 48.08 45.26 54.6 5355 5000 315 17 2.82 6.52
Feb-95 50.34 48.15 54.6 4974 5000 300 16.6 2.19 4.26
Mar-95 50.6 48.08 54.6 2377 5000 137 17.350365 2.52 4
Apr-95 50.89 49.75 54.6 5737 5000 340 16.9 1.14 3.71
May-95 50.1 49.2 54.6 4809 5000 289 16.6 0.9 4.5
Jun-95 51.52 49.1 54.6 4375 5000 266 16.4 2.42 3.08
Jul-95 51.4 49.2 54.6 4711 5000 288 16.4 2.2 3.2
Aug-95 49.2 54.6 2838 5000 320 8.9 -49.2 54.6
Sep-95 51.7 49.92 54.6 1657 5000 305 5.4 1.78 2.9
Oct-95 53.93 49.8 54.6 6007 5000 370 16.2 4.13 0.67
Nov-95 54.6 5113 5000 319 16 0 54.6
Dec-95 54.6 3124 5000 220 14.2 0 54.6
Jan-96 53.92 49.1 54.6 2082 5000 337 6.2 4.82 0.68
Feb-96 54.81 54.6 3125 5000 292 10.7 -54.81 54.6
Mar-96 56 54.6 3351 5000 264 12.7 -56 54.6
Apr-96 54.6 21232 5000 842 25.2 0 54.6
May-96 54.6 2949 5000 300 9.8 0 54.6
Jun-96 54 54.6 2706 5000 280 9.6642857 54 0.6
Jul-96 54.6 2941 5000 310 9.4870968 0 54.6
Aug-96 54.6 2770 5000 310 8.9354839 0 54.6
Sep-96 53.1 52.64 54.6 1700 5000 207 8.2125604 0.46 1.5
Oct-96 52.93 51.8 54.6 1035 5000 76 13.618421 1.13 1.67
Nov-96 52.7 50.69 54.6 471 5000 34 13.852941 2.01 1.9
Dec-96 53.9 51.74 54.6 1812 5000 137 13.226277 2.16 0.7
Jan-97 53.13 50.1 54.6 2971 5000 255 11.65098 3.03 1.47
Feb-97 50.15 48.89 54.6 1391 5000 105 13.247619 1.26 4.45
Mar-97 50.05 47.1 54.6 5389 5000 385 13.997403 2.95 4.55
Apr-97 58.24 47.4 54.6 4258 5000 600 7.0966667 10.84 -3.64
May-97 56.72 47.8 54.6 5908 5000 665 8.8842105 8.92 -2.12
Jun-97 60.3 49.1 54.6 7117 5000 782 9.101023 11.2 -5.7
Jul-97 60.5 49.8 54.6 6147 5000 734 8.3746594 10.7 -5.9
Aug-97 60.6 60.6 54.6 4621 5000 623 7.4173355 0 -6
Sep-97 60.6 60.6 54.6 5000 5000 769 6.5019506 0 -6
Oct-97 60.6 60.6 54.6 3012 3000 569 5.2934974 0 -6
Nov-97 60.91 59.6 54.6 1599 3000 136 11.757353 1.31 -6.31
Dec-97 67.3 63.89 67.5 4248 3000 788 5.3908629 3.41 0.2
Jan-98 67.48 63.4 67.5 5130 3000 711 7.2151899 4.08 0.02
Feb-98 63 60.15 67.5 3666 3000 266 13.781955 2.85 4.5
Mar-98 62.91 59.1 67.5 2847 3000 232 12.271552 3.81 4.59
Apr-98 61.48 58 67.5 2398 3000 210 11.419048 3.48 6.02
May-98 54.22 53.88 67.5 85 3000 6 14.166667 0.34 13.28
Jun-98 56.3 53.1 67.5 1215 3000 143 8.4965035 3.2 11.2
Jul-98 54.7 53.1 67.5 5620 3000 730 7.6986301 1.6 12.8
Aug-98 54.69 53.11 67.5 2984 3000 413 7.2251816 1.58 12.81
Sep-98 55.25 53.2 67.5 659 3000 69 9.5507246 2.05 12.25
Oct-98 55.27 53.17 67.5 608 750 72 8.4444444 2.1 12.23
Nov-98 67.5 0 750 0 #DIV/0! 0 67.5
Dec-98 52.65 67.5 0 750 0 #DIV/0! -52.65 67.5
Jan-99 50.03 67.5 0 750 0 #DIV/0! -50.03 67.5
Feb-99 54 50.3 67.5 0 750 0 #DIV/0! 3.7 13.5
Mar-99 49.1 48.05 67.5 58 750 34 1.7058824 1.05 18.4
Apr-99 51.5 48.48 67.5 193 750 12 16.083333 3.02 16
May-99 52.1 48 67.5 2 750 1 2 4.1 15.4
#DIV/0! 0 0
#DIV/0! 0 0
#DIV/0! 0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
S AD used
2.20E-03 16.0 1.924416
1.00E-03 16.0
23.2 4.298296
7.34E-03 16.0
5.06E-03 16.0 2.490315

1.60E-04 16.0 1.928179


1.74
Submercible
P ro d u ctio n (m 3/m o n th )

25000

20000

15000

10000

5000
P ro d
20000

15000

10000

5000

Water strike Month index


(m)

0 1
0 2
0 3
0 4
0 5
0 6
0 7
0 8
0 9
0 10
0 11
0 12
0 13
0 14
0 15
0 16
0 17
0 18
0 19
0 20
0 21
0 22
0 23
0 24
0 25
0 26
0 27
0 28
0 29
0 30
0 31
0 32
0 33
0 34
0 35
0 36
0 37
0 38
0 39
0 40
0 41
0 42
0 43
0 44
0 45
0 46
0 47
0 48
0 49
0 50
0 51
0 52
0 53
0 54
0 55
0 56
0 57
0 58
0 59
0 60
0 61
0 62
0 63
0 64
0 65
0 66
0 67
0 68
0 69
0 70
0 71
0 72
0 73
0 74
0 75
0 76
0 77
0 78
0 79
0 80
0 81
0 82
0 83
0 84
0 85
0 86
0 87
0 88
0 89
0 90
0 91
0 92
0 93
0 94
0 95
0 96
0 97
0 98
0 99
0 100
0 101
0 102
0 103
0 104
0 105
0 106
0 107
0 108
0 109
0 110
Source Reliable Output Calculations Bore No: BACL
Notes:
Calculates SRO and expected pumping water levels for newly constructed bores
Pumping Test Analysis must have been undertaken first
Pumping water levels calculated from assumed average conditions - as seen during drilling
Assumes transient radial flow conditions prevail (eg Theis Equation)
Data Input
Rest Water Level = 15 mbgl Max. Advisable Pumping WL = 50 mbgl

Step Test Data Constant Rate Test Data

Enter parameters of step test equation s=BQ+CQ 2 Enter parameters from constant rate analysis

B= T= 0.3 m2/d (transmissivity)


C= s= 2.00E-04 (storativity)
valid time 100 mins r= 0.07 m (radius of bore)

Enter Operational Data

Assumed period between recharge events t2 = 90 days


Range of discharges to be considered Are there interference effects (Y/N) n
Q1 10 m3/d 0.12 L/s Dist to first bore m
Q2 20 m3/d 0.23 L/s pumping rate m3/d
Q3 30 m /d
3
0.35 L/s Dist to second bore m
Q4 40 m3/d 0.46 L/s pumping rate m3/d
Calculations of Drawdown

Discharge Short Term Long Term Interference Total Pumping


Drawdown Drawdown Effects Drawdown Water Level
10 0.00 18.99 0.00 18.99 33.99 50
20 0.00 37.98 0.00 37.98 52.98 50
30 0.00 56.97 0.00 56.97 71.97 50
40 0.00 75.96 0.00 75.96 90.96 50

Source Reliable Output


Pumping Water Levels
Water Level (mbgl)

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45
0

10

20 Maximum Allowable Drawdown

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100
Discharge (cu.m/d)

Pumping Water Level


80

90

100
Discharge (cu.m/d)

Pumping Water Level


(transmissivity)
(storativity)
(radius of bore)
Theis interpolation [ enter values in cells that are coloured light yellow]

T[m2/d] = enter 10
S[ ] = enter 7.71E-03 u_r(Time) = 1.93E-06 D
r (m) = enter 1 Q in m /d
3 1 10

Drawdown
Q (l/s) = enter 2 172.8 W(u_r) = 12.5821 0.00
Extrapol_time (d) = enter 100 0 2.00
Pseudo skin = enter 0.00 4.00
Drawdown (m) = 17.31 6.00
8.00
Boundaries Closed Square Single Barrier Intersect. 90o 2 Parallel Barriers
10.00
distance [a] = 1000 500 500 500
12.00
distance [b] = 1000 1000
14.00
s_Theis(t ) [m] = 17.31 17.31 17.31 17.31
16.00
s_Bound(t) [m] = 0.00 0.07 0.07 0.07
18.00
Total drawdown = 17.31 17.38 17.38 17.38
20.00
Drawdown (m)

Influence of boundaries
8.00E+01
7.00E+01 Theis
6.00E+01
Single
5.00E+01
no-flow
4.00E+01
3.00E+01 Closed
bound
2.00E+01
1.00E+01 Total(T
heis+cl
0.00E+00 osed)
0.1 1 10 100 1000 10000
Time (min)
1 17.29
10 10.96
100 4.64
500 0.21
1000 0.00
2000 0
3000 0
5000 0
6000 0
7000 0
8000 0
9000 0
10000 0
t u u(2a) u close u2a close cl:2u(a) cl: w(u2a)
0.1 Distance (m)1.93E+03
1.93E-03 1.93E-03 7.71E+03 1.54E+04 #NUM!
1 0.2 10 9.64E-04 100 9.64E+02 1000 10000
9.64E-04 3.86E+03 7.71E+03 #NUM!
Drawdown

0.00 0.3 6.43E-04 6.43E+02 6.43E-04 2.57E+03 5.14E+03 #NUM!


2.00 0.4 4.82E-04 4.82E+02 4.82E-04 1.93E+03 3.86E+03 #NUM!
4.00 0.5 3.86E-04 3.86E+02 3.86E-04 1.54E+03 3.08E+03 #NUM!
6.00 0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
1.2
1.44
1.4
1.6
1.8
2
2.2
2.4 3.21E-04
2.75E-04
2.41E-04
2.14E-04
1.93E-04
1.61E-04
1.34E-04
1.38E-04
1.20E-04
1.07E-04
9.64E-05
8.76E-05
8.03E-05 3.21E+02
2.75E+02
2.41E+02
2.14E+02
1.93E+02
1.61E+02
1.34E+02
1.38E+02
1.20E+02
1.07E+02
9.64E+01
8.76E+01
8.03E+01 3.21E-04
2.75E-04
2.41E-04
2.14E-04
1.93E-04
1.61E-04
1.34E-04
1.38E-04
1.20E-04
1.07E-04
9.64E-05
8.76E-05
8.03E-05 1.29E+03
1.10E+03
9.64E+02
8.57E+02
7.71E+02
6.43E+02
5.35E+02
5.51E+02
4.82E+02
4.28E+02
3.86E+02
3.50E+02
3.21E+02 2.57E+03
2.20E+03
1.93E+03
1.71E+03
1.54E+03
1.29E+03
1.07E+03
1.10E+03
9.64E+02
8.57E+02
7.71E+02
7.01E+02
6.43E+02 #NUM!
1.44E-282
5.52E-236
1.22E-242
1.10E-212
2.21E-189
9.82E-171
1.79E-155
9.43E-143
2.6
2.8
3
3.5
4
4.5 7.41E-05
6.88E-05
6.43E-05
5.51E-05
4.82E-05
4.28E-05 7.41E+01
6.88E+01
6.43E+01
5.51E+01
4.82E+01
4.28E+01 7.41E-05
6.88E-05
6.43E-05
5.51E-05
4.82E-05
4.28E-05 2.97E+02
2.75E+02
2.57E+02
2.20E+02
1.93E+02
1.71E+02 5.93E+02
5.51E+02
5.14E+02
4.41E+02
3.86E+02
3.43E+02 5.51E-132
9.39E-123
9.43E-115
9.69E-99
1.01E-86
2.26E-77
8.00
0.7 2.75E-04 2.75E+02 2.75E-04 1.10E+03 2.20E+03 #NUM!
10.00
0.8 2.41E-04 2.41E+02 2.41E-04 9.64E+02 1.93E+03 #NUM!
12.00
0.9 2.14E-04 2.14E+02 2.14E-04 8.57E+02 1.71E+03 #NUM!
14.00
1 1.93E-04 1.93E+02 1.93E-04 7.71E+02 1.54E+03 #NUM!
16.00
1.2 1.61E-04 1.61E+02 1.61E-04 6.43E+02 1.29E+03 1.44E-282
18.00
1.4 1.38E-04 1.38E+02 1.38E-04 5.51E+02 1.10E+03 1.22E-242
20.00
1.6 1.20E-04 1.20E+02 1.20E-04 4.82E+02 9.64E+02 1.10E-212
1.8 1.07E-04 1.07E+02 1.07E-04 4.28E+02 8.57E+02 2.21E-189
2 9.64E-05 9.64E+01 9.64E-05 3.86E+02 7.71E+02 9.82E-171
2.2 8.76E-05 8.76E+01 8.76E-05 3.50E+02 7.01E+02 1.79E-155
2.4 8.03E-05 8.03E+01 8.03E-05 3.21E+02 6.43E+02 9.43E-143
2.6 7.41E-05 7.41E+01 7.41E-05 2.97E+02 5.93E+02 5.51E-132
2.8 6.88E-05 6.88E+01 6.88E-05 2.75E+02 5.51E+02 9.39E-123
Theis
3 6.43E-05 6.43E+01 6.43E-05 2.57E+02 5.14E+02 9.43E-115
5 3.86E-05 3.86E+01 3.86E-05 1.54E+02 3.08E+02 6.93E-70
Single 10 1.93E-05 1.93E+01 1.93E-05 7.71E+01 1.54E+02 4.20E-36
no-flow 20 9.64E-06 9.64E+00 9.64E-06 3.86E+01 7.71E+01 4.58E-19
50 3.86E-06 3.86E+00 3.86E-06 1.54E+01 3.08E+01 1.23E-08
Closed 70 2.75E-06 2.75E+00 2.75E-06 1.10E+01 2.20E+01 1.38E-06
bound 100 1.93E-06 1.93E+00 1.93E-06 7.71E+00 1.54E+01 5.20E-05
200 9.64E-07 9.64E-01 9.64E-07 3.86E+00 7.71E+00 4.51E-03
Total(T 300 6.43E-07 6.43E-01 6.43E-07 2.57E+00 5.14E+00 2.27E-02
heis+cl 400 4.82E-07 4.82E-01 4.82E-07 1.93E+00 3.86E+00 5.41E-02
osed) 500 3.86E-07 3.86E-01 3.86E-07 1.54E+00 3.08E+00 9.40E-02
600 3.21E-07 3.21E-01 3.21E-07 1.29E+00 2.57E+00 1.39E-01
700 2.75E-07 2.75E-01 2.75E-07 1.10E+00 2.20E+00 1.86E-01
800 2.41E-07 2.41E-01 2.41E-07 9.64E-01 1.93E+00 2.33E-01
900 2.14E-07 2.14E-01 2.14E-07 8.57E-01 1.71E+00 2.81E-01
1000 1.93E-07 1.93E-01 1.93E-07 7.71E-01 1.54E+00 3.27E-01
1100 1.75E-07 1.75E-01 1.75E-07 7.01E-01 1.40E+00 3.73E-01
1200 1.61E-07 1.61E-01 1.61E-07 6.43E-01 1.29E+00 4.18E-01
1300 1.48E-07 1.48E-01 1.48E-07 5.93E-01 1.19E+00 4.61E-01
1400 1.38E-07 1.38E-01 1.38E-07 5.51E-01 1.10E+00 5.03E-01
1500 1.29E-07 1.29E-01 1.29E-07 5.14E-01 1.03E+00 5.43E-01
1600 1.20E-07 1.20E-01 1.20E-07 4.82E-01 9.64E-01 5.82E-01
1700 1.13E-07 1.13E-01 1.13E-07 4.54E-01 9.07E-01 6.20E-01
1800 1.07E-07 1.07E-01 1.07E-07 4.28E-01 8.57E-01 6.57E-01
1900 1.01E-07 1.01E-01 1.01E-07 4.06E-01 8.12E-01 6.93E-01
2000 9.64E-08 9.64E-02 9.64E-08 3.86E-01 7.71E-01 7.27E-01
3000 6.43E-08 6.43E-02 6.43E-08 2.57E-01 5.14E-01 1.02E+00
4000 4.82E-08 4.82E-02 4.82E-08 1.93E-01 3.86E-01 1.25E+00
5000 3.86E-08 3.86E-02 3.86E-08 1.54E-01 3.08E-01 1.44E+00
6000 3.21E-08 3.21E-02 3.21E-08 1.29E-01 2.57E-01 1.60E+00
7000 2.75E-08 2.75E-02 2.75E-08 1.10E-01 2.20E-01 1.74E+00
8000 2.41E-08 2.41E-02 2.41E-08 9.64E-02 1.93E-01 1.86E+00
9000 2.14E-08 2.14E-02 2.14E-08 8.57E-02 1.71E-01 1.96E+00
10000 1.93E-08 1.93E-02 1.93E-08 7.71E-02 1.54E-01 2.06E+00
cl: w(2ua) wu w(u2a) W(2ua) s_theis s_single s_closed
#NUM! 5.68E+00 #NUM! #NUM! 7.81E+00 #NUM! #NUM!
#NUM! 6.37E+00 #NUM! #NUM! 8.76E+00 #NUM! #NUM!
#NUM! 6.77E+00 1.44E-282 #NUM! 9.32E+00 1.98E-282 #NUM!
#NUM! 7.06E+00 1.10E-212 #NUM! 9.71E+00 1.51E-212 #NUM!
#NUM! 7.28E+00 9.82E-171 #NUM! 1.00E+01 1.35E-170 #NUM!
#NUM!
5.66E-308
1.44E-282
4.53E-261
1.22E-242
1.15E-226
1.04E-194
9.82E-171
4.42E-152 7.47E+00
7.62E+00
7.75E+00
7.87E+00
7.98E+00
8.16E+00
8.34E+00
8.31E+00
8.45E+00
8.56E+00
8.67E+00
8.77E+00
8.85E+00
8.93E+00
9.01E+00
9.08E+00
9.23E+00
9.36E+00
9.48E+00 9.43E-143
9.39E-123
9.52E-108
4.53E-96
1.01E-86
1.08E-72
5.47E-61
1.16E-62
3.95E-55
2.89E-49
1.43E-44
1.01E-40
1.62E-37
8.47E-35
1.82E-32
1.91E-30
2.16E-26
2.40E-23
5.70E-21 #NUM!
5.66E-308
1.44E-282
4.53E-261
1.22E-242
1.15E-226
1.04E-194
9.82E-171
4.42E-152 1.03E+01
1.05E+01
1.07E+01
1.08E+01
1.10E+01
1.12E+01
1.15E+01
1.14E+01
1.16E+01
1.18E+01
1.19E+01
1.21E+01
1.22E+01
1.23E+01
1.24E+01
1.25E+01
1.27E+01
1.29E+01
1.30E+01 1.30E-142
1.29E-122
1.31E-107
6.23E-96
1.38E-86
1.48E-72
7.53E-61
1.60E-62
5.44E-55
3.97E-49
1.97E-44
1.38E-40
2.23E-37
1.17E-34
2.50E-32
2.63E-30
2.97E-26
3.31E-23
7.85E-21 #NUM!
9.87E-155
5.19E-142
3.03E-131
5.16E-122
5.19E-114
5.33E-98
5.54E-86
1.24E-76
#NUM! 7.62E+00 9.39E-123 #NUM! 1.05E+01 1.29E-122 #NUM!
#NUM! 7.75E+00 9.52E-108 #NUM! 1.07E+01 1.31E-107 #NUM!
#NUM! 7.87E+00 4.53E-96 #NUM! 1.08E+01 6.23E-96 #NUM!
#NUM! 7.98E+00 1.01E-86 #NUM! 1.10E+01 1.38E-86 #NUM!
#NUM! 8.16E+00 1.08E-72 #NUM! 1.12E+01 1.48E-72 #NUM!
#NUM! 8.31E+00 1.16E-62 #NUM! 1.14E+01 1.60E-62 #NUM!
#NUM! 8.45E+00 3.95E-55 #NUM! 1.16E+01 5.44E-55 #NUM!
#NUM! 8.56E+00 2.89E-49 #NUM! 1.18E+01 3.97E-49 #NUM!
#NUM! 8.67E+00 1.43E-44 #NUM! 1.19E+01 1.97E-44 #NUM!
5.66E-308 8.77E+00 1.01E-40 5.66E-308 1.21E+01 1.38E-40 9.87E-155
1.44E-282 8.85E+00 1.62E-37 1.44E-282 1.22E+01 2.23E-37 5.19E-142
4.53E-261 8.93E+00 8.47E-35 4.53E-261 1.23E+01 1.17E-34 3.03E-131
1.22E-242 9.01E+00 1.82E-32 1.22E-242 1.24E+01 2.50E-32 5.16E-122
1.15E-226 9.08E+00 1.91E-30 1.15E-226 1.25E+01 2.63E-30 5.19E-114
3.74E-137 9.59E+00 4.58E-19 3.74E-137 1.32E+01 6.30E-19 3.82E-69
6.93E-70 1.03E+01 2.10E-10 6.93E-70 1.41E+01 2.89E-10 2.31E-35
4.20E-36 1.10E+01 6.18E-06 4.20E-36 1.51E+01 8.50E-06 2.52E-18
1.27E-15 1.19E+01 4.51E-03 1.27E-15 1.64E+01 6.20E-03 6.76E-08
1.18E-11 1.22E+01 1.79E-02 1.18E-11 1.68E+01 2.46E-02 7.59E-06
1.23E-08 1.26E+01 5.41E-02 1.23E-08 1.73E+01 7.44E-02 2.86E-04
5.20E-05 1.33E+01 2.33E-01 5.20E-05 1.83E+01 3.21E-01 2.51E-02
9.75E-04 1.37E+01 4.18E-01 9.75E-04 1.88E+01 5.75E-01 1.28E-01
4.51E-03 1.40E+01 5.82E-01 4.51E-03 1.92E+01 8.01E-01 3.34E-01
1.17E-02 1.42E+01 7.27E-01 1.17E-02 1.95E+01 1.00E+00 5.98E-01
2.27E-02 1.44E+01 8.56E-01 2.27E-02 1.98E+01 1.18E+00 9.11E-01
3.70E-02 1.45E+01 9.70E-01 3.70E-02 2.00E+01 1.33E+00 1.26E+00
5.41E-02 1.47E+01 1.07E+00 5.41E-02 2.02E+01 1.48E+00 1.64E+00
7.32E-02 1.48E+01 1.17E+00 7.32E-02 2.03E+01 1.61E+00 2.04E+00
9.40E-02 1.49E+01 1.25E+00 9.40E-02 2.05E+01 1.72E+00 2.45E+00
1.16E-01 1.50E+01 1.33E+00 1.16E-01 2.06E+01 1.83E+00 2.88E+00
1.39E-01 1.51E+01 1.41E+00 1.39E-01 2.07E+01 1.93E+00 3.32E+00
1.62E-01 1.51E+01 1.47E+00 1.62E-01 2.08E+01 2.03E+00 3.77E+00
1.86E-01 1.52E+01 1.54E+00 1.86E-01 2.09E+01 2.12E+00 4.23E+00
2.09E-01 1.53E+01 1.60E+00 2.09E-01 2.10E+01 2.20E+00 4.69E+00
2.33E-01 1.54E+01 1.66E+00 2.33E-01 2.11E+01 2.28E+00 5.17E+00
2.57E-01 1.54E+01 1.71E+00 2.57E-01 2.12E+01 2.35E+00 5.64E+00
2.81E-01 1.55E+01 1.76E+00 2.81E-01 2.13E+01 2.42E+00 6.12E+00
3.04E-01 1.55E+01 1.81E+00 3.04E-01 2.14E+01 2.49E+00 6.61E+00
3.27E-01 1.56E+01 1.86E+00 3.27E-01 2.14E+01 2.55E+00 7.10E+00
5.43E-01 1.60E+01 2.23E+00 5.43E-01 2.20E+01 3.07E+00 1.21E+01
7.27E-01 1.63E+01 2.50E+00 7.27E-01 2.24E+01 3.44E+00 1.74E+01
8.85E-01 1.65E+01 2.72E+00 8.85E-01 2.27E+01 3.74E+00 2.26E+01
1.02E+00 1.67E+01 2.89E+00 1.02E+00 2.29E+01 3.98E+00 2.80E+01
1.14E+00 1.68E+01 3.04E+00 1.14E+00 2.32E+01 4.19E+00 3.34E+01
1.25E+00 1.70E+01 3.17E+00 1.25E+00 2.33E+01 4.36E+00 3.88E+01
1.35E+00 1.71E+01 3.29E+00 1.35E+00 2.35E+01 4.52E+00 4.43E+01
1.44E+00 1.72E+01 3.39E+00 1.44E+00 2.36E+01 4.67E+00 4.97E+01
s_closed D
0.00E+00 7.81E+00 Radius of Influence (m) = t
0.00E+00 8.76E+00 540 0.1
0.00E+00 9.32E+00 771 1
0.00E+00 9.71E+00 10
0.00E+00 1.00E+01 100
0.00E+00
9.87E-155
5.19E-142
3.03E-131
5.16E-122
5.19E-114
5.33E-98
5.54E-86
1.24E-76 1.03E+01
1.05E+01
1.07E+01
1.08E+01
1.10E+01
1.12E+01
1.15E+01
1.14E+01
1.16E+01
1.18E+01
1.19E+01
1.21E+01
1.22E+01
1.23E+01
1.24E+01
1.25E+01
1.27E+01
1.29E+01
1.30E+01 150
0.00E+00 1.05E+01 200
0.00E+00 1.07E+01 250
0.00E+00 1.08E+01 300
0.00E+00 1.10E+01 350
0.00E+00 1.12E+01 500
0.00E+00 1.14E+01 750
0.00E+00 1.16E+01 1000
0.00E+00 1.18E+01 1250
0.00E+00 1.19E+01 1500
9.87E-155 1.21E+01 2000
5.19E-142 1.22E+01 2500
3.03E-131 1.23E+01 3000
5.16E-122 1.24E+01 5000
5.19E-114 1.25E+01 7500
3.82E-69 1.32E+01 10000
2.31E-35 1.41E+01
2.52E-18 1.51E+01
6.76E-08 1.64E+01
7.59E-06 1.68E+01
2.86E-04 1.73E+01
2.51E-02 1.83E+01
1.28E-01 1.90E+01
3.34E-01 1.96E+01
5.98E-01 2.01E+01
9.11E-01 2.07E+01
1.26E+00 2.12E+01
1.64E+00 2.18E+01
2.04E+00 2.24E+01
2.45E+00 2.29E+01
2.88E+00 2.35E+01
3.32E+00 2.40E+01
3.77E+00 2.46E+01
4.23E+00 2.52E+01
4.69E+00 2.57E+01
5.17E+00 2.63E+01
5.64E+00 2.69E+01
6.12E+00 2.74E+01
6.61E+00 2.80E+01
7.10E+00 2.85E+01
1.21E+01 3.41E+01
1.74E+01 3.97E+01
2.26E+01 4.53E+01
2.80E+01 5.09E+01
3.34E+01 5.65E+01
3.88E+01 6.22E+01
4.43E+01 6.78E+01
4.97E+01 7.34E+01
Q1 Q2
1 2
u wu s(Q1) s(Q2)
1.9275E-08 17.1872469 11.8230743 23.6461487
1.9275E-06 12.5820786 8.65518785 17.3103757
0.00019275 7.9770974 5.48743006 10.9748601
0.019275 3.39073078 2.33247723 4.66495445
0.04336875
0 2.60328607
Err:502 1.79079552
Err:502 3.58159103
Err:502
0.0771 2.06032923 1.41729654 2.83459308
0.12046875 1.65491751 1.1384146 2.27682919
0.173475 1.33906127 0.92113769 1.84227537
0.23611875 1.08681897 0.74762069 1.49524138
0.481875 0.57820563 0.39774655 0.7954931
1.08421875 0.19083925 0.13127796 0.26255591
1.9275 0.05408428 0.03720447 0.07440895
3.01171875 0.01285541 0.00884321 0.01768642
4.336875 0.00251916 0.00173292 0.00346585
7.71 5.2048E-05 3.5804E-05 7.1607E-05
12.046875 4.5171E-07 3.1073E-07 6.2146E-07
17.3475 1.5984E-09 1.0995E-09 2.199E-09
48.1875 2.403E-23 1.653E-23 3.306E-23
108.421875 7.4801E-50 5.1456E-50 1.0291E-49
192.75 1.0058E-86 6.9188E-87 1.3838E-86
Constant-Drawdown Test

Constant-drawdown test: Pump at max Q and when water level is just above main water strike close valve such that the dra
Otherwise choose a manageable drawdown and at this water level change the Q such that a constant wl is reached. Measu
Plot sw/Q against time and fit data. T is then estimated with T=(2.3/([4*phi*(delta sw/Q)]

Constant drawdown (m) = 5 T= 21.2 m2/d


t (min) Q (l/s) Q (m3/d) sw/Q
1.00 2 172.8 2.5 4.5
5.00 1.95 168.48 2.564103
10.00 1.9 164.16 2.631579 4
15.00 1.8 155.52 2.777778
20.00 1.75 151.2 2.857143 3.5
30.00 1.7 146.88 2.941176

(s/Q)
40.00 1.65 142.56 3.030303 3
50.00 1.6 138.24 3.125
60.00 1.59 137.376 3.144654 2.5
70.00 1.55 133.92 3.225806
80.00 1.52 131.328 3.289474 2
90.00 1.5 129.6 3.333333
1.5
100.00 1.47 127.008 3.401361
120.00 1.45 125.28 3.448276
1
150.00 1.42 122.688 3.521127
200.00 1.4 120.96 3.571429 0.5
0 #DIV/0!
0 #DIV/0! 0
0 #DIV/0! 1 10 100
0 #DIV/0! Time (min)
0 #DIV/0!
0 #DIV/0! 0
0 #DIV/0! 19
0 #DIV/0! 1 1.9
0 #DIV/0!
0 #DIV/0!
0 #DIV/0!
0 #DIV/0!
trike close valve such that the drawdown remains constant
t a constant wl is reached. Measure Q and time at appropriate intervals

1 1.9
Q-sust = 0.87 L/s 1010 4.1
0.52 including boundaries

10 100 1000 10000


Time (min)

82

1010 4.1
BPZONE: Program to estimate : Protection zones I, II, III and max. NO3 (as N) and travel times
BACL
(I) Protection Zone I : Fencing around borehole and sanitary seal
Dependent on number of persons using on-site sanitation

(II) Protection Zone II : Protection against microbial and nitrate pollution


(a) Maximum NO3 (as N) estimation for different number of people
Concentration of urine as N (mg/l) = 13000 N (mg/l) N (mg/l) N (mg/l)

N (mg/l)
Percentage N reaching water level = 50 Persons 0.1
E xpected max. l/s(as N) concentration
NO3 1 l/s 10inl/sBH
Volume urine/person/day [L] = 1 1000 1 0.7523148 0.075231 0.007523
Recharge (mm/a) = 15 100 10 7.5231481 0.752315 0.075231 0.
Sustainable abstraction rate [l/s] = 2 100 75.231481 7.523148 0.752315 1
10
Number of persons using on-site sanitation = 100 1000 752.31481 75.23148 7.523148 l/
in an area with circle around BH (m) = 1157 1 10000 7523.1481 752.3148 75.23148 s
1
0.1 l/
Expected max. N (mg/l) in borehole = 3.762 s
0.01
1 10 Persons
100 1000 10000
Risk for Infants = very low

(b) Areal extent of fracture (vertical or horizontal fracture)


Use early time and drawdown during pumping test
t(min) s(m) Q (l/s)
0.50 5.63 15
Enter other values for t,s,Q if required
t,s,Q used = 0.5 5.63 15
Est. of D(m) = 0.075 (D(m)= thickness of fracture zone) Est. of Sf = 3.70E-06
D(m) = Tf= 250
Gringarten
(xf2Sf)= 0.0059
xf (m)= 40 xf = half length of vertical fracture (use early linear flow)
rf (m)= 58 rf = radius of horizontal fracture (use early storage )
rf (m)= 45 Use early bi-linear flow in fracture
rf (m)= 42 Combination of linear/bilinear flow in fracture
xf (m)= 66 Adapted Bohmer equation
Average half length/radius of fracture = 50
with standard deviation (m) = 11
(c) Estimation of travel time from surface to water strike: for bacterial die-off time
K of unconsolidated and consolidated material
Unconsolidated material Consolidated material Vertikal K-value (if unknown)
clay content (%) = 5 Use K (m/d) = 0.01 for first estimate
Estimated K (m/d) = 6.7E+00 (usually between 0,001 and 0,1 m/d)
(Note: if more than one layer exists, use the harmonic mean of the K-values of the layers)
Thickness K (m/d) Porosity t. time (d)
(a) unconsolidated material 4 0.5 0.2 1.600 surface
(b) consolidated material to water strike 10 0.05 0.1 20.000 (a)
(c) Depth to water level (m) = 7 (c)
Travel time to water strike (d) = 21.60 wl (b)
Travel time to water level (d) = 7.60 fracture
Risk of microbial pollution in BH = High

(III) Protection Zone III: Estimation of BH catchment area (for hazardous pollution)
Do hazardous elements exist (0/1) = 0 ( 0 = No; 1 = Yes)
recharge (mm/a) 15
Catchment area (m2) 4204800
i.e. an area around BH with radius= 1157
Protection zone III necesarry = No

Final Results

Protection Zone I: Fenching of at least 5 m around borehole required


Protection Zone II: Protect an area around BH with radius (m) = 50
Protection Zone III: No Protection Zone III required

Final Recommendation: Protect an area around BH with radius (m) = 50

Comments

BPZONE developed by Fanie de Lange and Gerrit van Tonder


Explanation of program BPZONE

PROTECTION ZONE I
If more than 20 persons are using pitlatrines, it is proposed that a fence of at least 5 m away from the borehole
must be constructed. Otherwise just a sanitary seal is required.
PROTECTION ZONE II
(a) The maximum expected NO3 (as N) is estimated by using the following information:
 Concentration in urine = 13000 mg/l (can be changed)
 Percentage N leaching = 50% (can be changed)
 Volume urine/person/day = 1 L (can be changed)
 Average annual recharge in mm
 Abstraction rate of the borehole (i.e. sustainable yield) in l/s
 Number of persons using on-site sanitation in the catchment area of the borehole (the catchment area
is estimated from the abstraction rate and recharge)
Program BPZONE then estimated the maximum expected N in boreholes and estimates the risk to infants according to (Table 11):

Table 11. Risk criteria for N03-N in program BPZONE


Parameter no risk low risk high risk very high risk
N (mg/l) <5 5 to 10 10 to 20 >20

(b) The next step is to estimate the extent of the vertical or horizontal fracture by using early pumping test data
(i.e. the drawdown after 1 or at most 10 minutes).
(c) Step 3 is the estimation of the travel time from the surface to the water level and the position of the water strike.
For the estimation of travel times a number of parameters is required, i.e.
 The vertical K-value (Ku) of the unconsolidated material. If unknown the program estimates this value by
using the clay content in the unconsolidated material together with the equation:
Ku = 30e(-0.3*cl)
where cl=% clay content
 Vertical K-value (Kc) of the consolidated material. If unknown it is suggested that a value of 0,01 is used
(usually between 0,001 and 0,1 for SA rocks)
 Distance from surface to water level; thickness of the unconsolidated and consolidated material (i.e. Du, Dc)
and their kinematic porosities (i.e. neu and nec).
The program estimates the risk of microbial pollution by using the following criteria (Table 12):
Table 12. Criteria in program BPZONE for microbial risk estimation
Parameter no risk low risk high risk very high risk
Travel time (d) to water level
(for microbial pollution) >100 30-100 3-30 <3

The criterion is applied to the travel time to the water level that will give a worst case scenario.
The program then estimates protection zone II by using the following criteria (Table 13):
Table 13. Criteria of estimation of the fracture extent used in program BPZONE
Risk Protection zone II
High or very high risk of microbial polluti 2 times fracture half length
Low risk for microbial pollution 1 times fracture half length
No risk for microbial pollution 0.5 times fracture half length
High risk for N for infants 2 times fracture half length
Low risk for N for infants 1 times fracture half length
No risk for N for infants 0.5 times fracture length

PROTECTION ZONE III


If hazardous chemical elements are present the program estimates the catchment area of the borehole by using
the recharge and the abstraction rate.

BPZONE developed by Fanie de Lange and Gerrit van Tonder


Estimation of the Max. Salt load in a river due to Pollution

river
All distance units in meters L
T (m2/d) Wl gradient W (m) L (m) D (m)
8.1 0.0304 100 696 D
W Source
81 304

Flux towards river (m3/d) = 24.624 0.29 L/s [width W]


Concentration (mg/l) at Source = 100

C (m g /l)
120
Max. load (kg/d) in river = 2.4624 Time =
100
Aquifer thickness (m) = 10 80
Kinematic porosity [ ] = 0.1 60

GW velocity v (m/d) = 0.24624 40


20
Min. time (y) to reach max. C at river = 7.743865 (with maximum concentration) = 100
0
0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500
Dispersivity (m) Time (d) Distance (m)
108 108 750
Conc. (mg/l) at river = 0.9 istance of 696 m from source
Load (kg/d) at river = 0.02
Low flow in River (m3/s) = 0.1 0.00 mg/L concentration increase in River
3.1179297609 1.81026 1.05049E-05 0.010483
0 100 750
0.6892385042 -0.618431 10 98.99372 0.329681377 1.618209 2000 0
0.7246421668 -0.583028 20 97.89698 0.305442151 1.590358 696 100
0.8308531547 -0.476817 50 94.05692 0.23997181 1.499877
1.0078714679 -0.299798 100 85.8617 0.154041851 1.328401
1.3619080942 0.054238 200 64.18188 0.054114968 0.938838
1.7159447206 0.408275 300 40.45426 0.015257319 0.563698
2.0699813469 0.762312 400 21.01074 0.003429573 0.280983
2.4240179732 1.116348 500 8.85299 0.000611594 0.114386
2.7780545996 1.470385 600 2.994766 8.62056E-05 0.037596
3.1320912259 1.824422 700 0.807415 9.57685E-06 0.009895
3.4861278523 2.178458 800 0.172596 8.36703E-07 0.002073
3.8401644786 2.532495 900 0.029142 5.73897E-08 0.000344
4.194201105 2.886531 1000 0.003875 3.08616E-09 4.51E-05
5.9643842367 4.656715 1500 2.34E-09 0 4.69E-11
7.7345673684 6.426898 2000 0 0 0
7.7345673684 6.426898 2000 0 0 0
BH Allocation close to a BHN borehole BHN = Basic Human Need bh
T (m2/d) S W (m) Distance to BHN borehole
38.5 0.0049 406
385 49

CJ Radius of influence (m) 2540


3000

Q(L/s) Time (d)


2.5 365 2000

25
1000

Drawdown in BH (m) 9.25


Influence on BHN = 1.64 m 0
-3000 -2000 -1000 0 1000 2000 3000
Recharge (mm/a) =
Allocation for red BH 0.00 L/s -1000

-2000

-3000
365 2540.212
2000 0
-2540 0 -2540 0 406
-2286.191078 1107.25287 -2286 -1107.253 0 0
-2032.169847 1524.12739 -2032 -1524.127
-1778.148616 1814.07444 -1778 -1814.074 574.1707 406
-1524.127385 2032.16985 -1524 -2032.17
-1270.106154 2199.88839 -1270 -2199.888 0.0143692653 3.679772
-1016.084923 2328.14304 -1016 -2328.143 5.579078E-10 20.72962
-762.0636925 2423.2081 -762 -2423.208
-508.0424617 2488.8896 -508 -2488.89
-254.0212308 2527.47933 -254 -2527.479
0 2540.21231 0 -2540.212
254.0212308 2527.47933 254 -2527.479
508.0424617 2488.8896 508 -2488.89
762.0636925 2423.2081 762 -2423.208
1016.084923 2328.14304 1016 -2328.143
1270.106154 2199.88839 1270 -2199.888
1524.127385 2032.16985 1524 -2032.17
1778.148616 1814.07444 1778 -1814.074
2032.169847 1524.12739 2032 -1524.127
2286.191078 1107.25287 2286 -1107.253
2540.212308 0 2540 0
2540.212308 0 2540 0
2540.212308 0 2540 0
2540.212308 0 2540 0
2540.212308 0 2540 0
2540.212308 0 2540 0
2540.212308 0 2540 0
2540.212308 0 2540 0
2540.212308 0 2540 0
2540.212308 0 2540 0
2540.212308 0 2540 0
2540.212308 0 2540 0
2540.212308 0 2540 0
2540.212308 0 2540 0
2540.212308 0 2540 0
2540.212308 0 2540 0
2540.212308 0 2540 0
RISK ANALYSIS (obtain sigma_s from this sheet and go back to Sust_Q sheet and enter value)
BACL

Extrapolation time in years 2 1051200 sigma_s = standard deviation of drawdown


Effective Borehole radius 0.98 Hints on entering values for sigma_value
Q (l/s) for RISK 0.0 Say expected range of value is between 10 and 30
T-late = 16.12 Then: if range =95% certain then sigma_value =(30-10)/4
S-late = 1.00E-03 if range =68% certain then sigma_value =(30-10)/2
If Use =9999 the boundary does not exist

Closed square boundary: Use = 9999


SENSITIVITY CALCULATION: T S a
Numerical Derivative Factor 0.01 0.01 0.01
s_Theis(t = Extrapol.time) [m] 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
s_Bound(t = Extrapol.time) [m] = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
s_total = s_Theis+s_Boundary [m] 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Sensitivities:
ds/dY (t = Extrapol.time): 0.00E+00
ds/dW (t = Extrapol.time): -0.00E+00
ds/da (t = Extrapol.time): 0.00E+00
Uncertainties: % Value
% error of late T-value = (enter) 33 5.32088292
sigma (Y) 0.103
% error of late S-value = (enter) 100 1.00E-03
sigma (W) 0.693
% error in bound. distance (a) = (enter) 33 3299.67
Result:
sigma (s_total, t= Extrapol.time) [m] = 0.00

Single barrier boundary: Use = 9999


SENSITIVITY CALCULATION: T S a
Numerical Derivative Factor : 0.01 0.01 0.01
s_Theis(t = Extrapol.time) [m] 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
s_Bound(t = Extrapol.time) [m] = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
s_Total = s_Theis+s_Boundary [m] 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Sensitivities:
ds/dY (t = Extrapol.time): 0.00E+00
ds/dW (t = Extrapol.time): -0.00E+00
ds/da (t = Extrapol.time): 0.00E+00
Uncertainties: % Value
% error of late T-value = (enter) 33 5.32088292
sigma (Y) 0.103
% error of late S-value = (enter) 100 1.00E-03
sigma (W) 0.693
% error in bound. distance (a) = (enter) 33 3299.67
Result:
sigma (s_Total, t= Extrapol.time) [m] = 0.00
Two barrier boundaries intersecting at 900: Use = 9999 9999
SENSITIVITY CALCULATION: T S a b
Numerical Derivative Factor 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
s_Theis(t = Extrapol.time) [m] 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
s_Bound(t = Extrapol.time) [m] = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
s_Total = s_Theis + s_Boundary [m] 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Sensitivities:
ds/dY (t = Extrapol.time): 0.00E+00
ds/dW (t = Extrapol.time): -0.00E+00
ds/da (t = Extrapol.time): 0.00E+00
ds/db (t = Extrapol.time): 0.00E+00
Uncertainties: % Value
% error of late T-value = (enter) 33 5.32088292
sigma (Y) 0.103
% error of late S-value = (enter) 100 1.00E-03
sigma (W) 0.693
% error in bound. distance (a) = (enter) 33 3299.67
% error in bound. distance (b) = (enter) 33 3299.67
Result:
sigma (s_Total, t= Extrapol.time) [m] = 0.00

Two parallel barrier boundaries : Use = 9999 9999


SENSITIVITY CALCULATION: T S a b
Numerical Derivative Factor 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
s_Theis(t = Extrapol.time) [m] 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
s_Bound(t = Extrapol.time) [m] = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
s_Total = s_Theis + s_Boundary [m] 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Sensitivities:
ds/dY (t = Extrapol.time): 0.00E+00
ds/dW (t = Extrapol.time): -0.00E+00
ds/da (t = Extrapol.time): 0.00E+00
ds/db (t = Extrapol.time): 0.00E+00
Uncertainties: % Value
% error of late T-value = (enter) 33 5.32088292
sigma (Y) 0.103
% error of late S-value = (enter) 100 1.00E-03
sigma (W) 0.693
% error in bound. distance (a) = (enter) 33 3299.67
% error in bound. distance (b) = (enter) 33 3299.67
Result:
sigma (s_Total, t= Extrapol.time) [m] = 0.00
Chemical analyses of water
Borehole No. BACL
Project
District
Constituent Class 0&1 Class 2 Class 3
mg/L tested
TDS < 450 450 - 1000 1000 - 2400
EC (mS/m) < 70 70 -150 150 - 370
Nitrate (as N) <6 6 - 10 10 - 20
Fluoride < 0.7 0.7 - 1 1 - 1.5
Sulphate < 200 200 - 400 400 - 600
Magnesium < 70 70 - 100 100 - 200
Sodium < 100 100 -200 200 - 400
Chloride < 100 100 -200 200 - 600
pH 5 - 9.5 4.5 - 5 or 9.5 - 10 4 - 4.5 or 10 - 10.5
Potassium < 25 25 - 50 50 - 100
Calcium < 80 60 - 150 150 -300
Zinc <3 3-5 5 - 10
Arsenic < .01 .01 - .05 0.05 - 0.2
Cadmium < .003 .003 - .005 .005 - .02
Iron < .01 0.5 - 1 1-5
Faecal coliforms 0 0-1 1 - 10

Class of water Nitrate (as N)*4.42 = Nitrate (as NO3)


Draw a map of the area showing borehole positions and other relevant information
Borehole Log BACL
Borehole depth (m) = 50 Rest Water level (m) = 7 BH diameter (m) = 0.08
Depth below surface (m) Water strike (l/s) Geological Description Casing
0-4 Soil
4 - 22 Gneis
22 -23 12 Fracture in Gneiss
23-30 Gneis
30 - 31 5 Fracture in Gneiss
31 - 50 Gneiss
Casing
Estimation of the effective radius of an abstraction borehole
BACL
Est. of D(m) = 0.075 (D(m)= thickness of fracture zone) Est. of Sf = 3.76E-06
D(m) = T-early= 90.56 90.56 WBS(m) = 22.39 ' wbs has no influence for rw=.08 '
Method 1 Method 2 Pseudo skin = -4.98 wbs re (m) = 0.16
(re2Sf)*10-4= 5.029 5.029 C= 0.00E+00 Skin factor = -4.98 t (min) = 0.50 u= 1.91332E-07
re (m)= 2.24 if Sf=1E-4 sw(Theis) = 16.97 W(u)= 1.49E+01
re (m)= 7.09 if Sf=1E-5 sw(meas) = 5.630
re (m)= 22.43 if Sf=1E-6 re (m)= 11.59 Skin = -4.976
re (m)= 11.56 Avg. re (m)= 11.58
D raw d o w n ( m )

s/Q = 0.38 very good fracture


Thiem re = 6.00
u(re) W(u) s(m) u w(u)s(pseudo) Gring. s(m)
0.003998363
30 4.94862 5.63873153 1.913E-07 15 5.63 #DIV/0!
0.001999182
0.001332788
0.000999591
0.000666394
0.000499795
0.000399836 5.63979
6.04459
6.33194
6.73708
7.0246 6.42629017
6.88754868
7.21497411
7.67660811
8.00422136 9.567E-08 17
6.378E-08
4.783E-08
3.189E-08
2.392E-08 16 6.41981086
6.88182062
7.20962178
7.67163156
7.99943272
8.25369505 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
0.000333197
0.000285597
0.000249898
0.000222131
25
0.000199918
0.000181744
7.24764
7.4299
7.584
7.7175
7.83525
7.94059
8.25837094 1.063E-08
8.46604322
8.64163749
8.79375041 1.594E-08
1.367E-08
9.04795637 1.196E-08
8.92792772 9.567E-09 19 8.46144251
1.913E-08 18 8.78924367
8.63709048
8.9234523
9.04350601 #DIV/0!
9.1521078 Data #DIV/0!
0.000166598
0.000133279
9.99591E-05
7.99673E-05
6.66394E-05
5.71195E-05
8.03588
8.12288
8.34599
8.63364
8.85676
9.03907
9.15653765
9.25566623
9.50989098
9.83765456
10.0918943
10.2996268
8.697E-09
3.827E-09 18
7.972E-09
6.378E-09
4.783E-09
3.189E-09 9.25125347
9.50551581
9.83331698
10.0875793
10.2953268
10.4709747
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
4.99795E-05
4.44263E-05
3.99836E-05
3.63488E-05
3.24229E-05
2.85597E-05
9.19321
9.32674
9.44451
9.54987
9.64518
9.75947
10.475264
10.6274091
10.7616115
10.8816602
10.9902579
11.1204866
2.733E-09
2.392E-09
2.126E-09
1.913E-09 20
1.739E-09
1.552E-09 19
20 10.6231279
10.7573366
10.8773903
10.9859921
11.1162252
11.2607857
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
2.49898E-05
20
2.22131E-05
1.99918E-05
1.81744E-05
1.66598E-05
1.42799E-05
9.88633
10.0199
10.1376
10.243
10.3383
10.4253
11.2650427
11.4171919
11.6714486
11.7800483
11.8791923
1.367E-09
1.196E-09
11.5513974 6.833E-10
1.063E-09 21
9.567E-10
8.697E-10
7.972E-10 20 11.4129389
11.5471475
11.6672012
11.775803
11.8749487
12.0505967 #DIV/0!
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1.24949E-05
1.11066E-05
9.51991E-06
8.32992E-06
7.40438E-06
6.66394E-06
10.5795
10.713
10.8308
10.9849
11.1185
11.2362
12.0548376
12.2069888
12.3411958
12.516842
12.6689939
12.8032015 4.556E-10
3.986E-10
3.543E-10 12.2027499
12.3369585
5.979E-10 21 12.7989683
5.315E-10 12.5126065
12.6647597
12.919022
#DIV/0!
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#DIV/0!
6.05813E-06
5.55328E-06
0.00000476
0.000004165
3.70219E-06
0.000003332
15 11.3416
11.4369
11.5239
11.6781
11.8116
11.9294
12.9232543
13.0318554
13.1310005
13.3066476
13.4588001
13.5930083
3.189E-10 22
2.899E-10
2.657E-10
2.278E-10
1.993E-10 21 13.0276238
13.1267695
13.3024175
13.4545706
13.5887793
13.708833
1.772E-10 22 14.0922284
Method 1
#DIV/0!
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3.02906E-06
2.77664E-06
2.56305E-06
0.00000238
2.22131E-06
1.99918E-06
12.0347
12.1301
12.2171
12.2971
12.3712
12.4402
13.7130615
13.821663
13.9208084
14.0120133 1.594E-10
1.449E-10
1.329E-10
1.226E-10
14.0964559 1.063E-10
14.1750701 1.139E-10 13.8174348
13.9165804
14.0077856
14.1708428
14.2908965 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
1.81744E-06
0.000001666
1.53783E-06
0.000001428
1.33279E-06
1.24949E-06
12.5456
12.6409
12.7279
12.8079
12.882
12.951
14.2951236
14.4037251
14.5028706 9.567E-11
8.697E-11
7.972E-11
14.5940757 5.627E-11
14.6785183
14.7571326 6.833E-11
6.378E-11 23 14.3994983
14.498644
14.5898491
14.6742919
7.359E-11 23 14.9606538
14.7529063
14.8264451 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
0.000001176
1.11066E-06
1.0522E-06
10
9.99591E-07
0.000000952
9.08719E-07
13.0156
13.0762
13.1334
13.1874
13.2387 14.8306713
14.8997504
14.9648798 5.979E-11
5.315E-11
15.026487 4.159E-11
15.0849334 14.8955242
15.022261
15.0807075
5.035E-11 23 15.2399601
4.783E-11 15.1363017 #DIV/0!
23 15.1893093
8.69209E-07
0.000000833
7.99673E-07
7.68916E-07 13.2875
13.334
13.3785
13.421
13.4619 15.1405276
15.1935351
15.2441859
15.2926807
15.3391955 4.556E-11
4.348E-11
3.986E-11
3.827E-11 15.2884549
15.3349698
15.3796601 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
7.40438E-07
#DIV/0! 13.5011
13.5388
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0! 15.3838858
15.4268892 3.679E-11
#DIV/0! ###
#DIV/0! 3.543E-11
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! 15.4226636
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scroll down for parallel plate,
Parameter Estimation with Cooper-Jacob Philipe-Dunne methods

fit obs boreholes one by one and save as separate sheet distance to obs bh r =
Abstraction bh Q (L/s) = 1.25 T= 24.4 S=
Drawdown (m)

3.00

2.50

2.00 uo5
uo6
1.50 up15
up16
Uo10
1.00
fit
Linear
0.50 (fit)

0.00
10 100 1000
Time (min)

43.1 0.9 478.2

obs distance (m) = 0.08 5 22 32 48


t(min) uo5 uo6 up15 up16 Uo10
1.5 0.17 0.07 0.03 0.03 0.03
10.5 0.78 0.69 0.60 0.59 0.04
20.5 1.07 0.99 0.91 0.90 0.07
30.5 1.25 1.19 1.12 1.11 0.10
40.5 1.39 1.33 1.27 1.26 0.15
50.5 1.49 1.43 1.38 1.37 0.20
60.5 1.56 1.51 1.47 1.45 0.24
70.5 1.62 1.58 1.54 1.53 0.28
80.5 1.68 1.64 1.61 1.59 0.32
90.5 1.74 1.70 1.67 1.65 0.34
100.5 1.79 1.75 1.72 1.71 0.37
110.5 1.83 1.79 1.77 1.75 0.40
120.5 1.89 1.85 1.83 1.81 0.46
130.5 1.94 1.90 1.88 1.86 0.52
140.5 1.98 1.94 1.93 1.91 0.56
150.5 2.02 1.98 1.98 1.95 0.59
160.5 2.06 2.02 2.01 1.99 0.62
170.5 2.09 2.05 2.05 2.03 0.65
180.5 2.13 2.09 2.09 2.06 0.67
190.5 2.16 2.12 2.12 2.10 0.69
200.5 2.19 2.15 2.15 2.12 0.70
210.5 2.21 2.17 2.17 2.15 0.71
220.5 2.23 2.20 2.20 2.18 0.73
230.5 2.27 2.23 2.23 2.21 0.75
240.5 2.31 2.26 2.26 2.24 0.76
250.5 2.33 2.29 2.29 2.27 0.79
260.5 2.35 2.32 2.31 2.30 0.81
270.5 2.37 2.34 2.34 2.32 0.83
280.5 2.39 2.37 2.37 2.35 0.84
290.5 2.42 2.39 2.39 2.37 0.85
300.5 2.44 2.41 2.42 2.40 0.86
310.5 2.46 2.43 2.44 2.42 0.88
320.5 2.48 2.46 2.47 2.45 0.89
330.5 2.51 2.49 2.50 2.47 0.90
340.5 2.53 2.51 2.52 2.50 0.90
350.5 2.56 2.54 2.55 2.52 0.90
360.5 2.58 2.56 2.57 2.54 0.90
370.5 2.60 2.58 2.59 2.57 0.91
380.5 2.62 2.60 2.61 2.59 0.92
390.5 2.64 2.62 2.62 2.61 0.93

Parallel Plate Model

Aperture (mm) = 1 1.00E-03 1.82E-04 15.6996


T (m2/d) = 15.6996

Theoretical range of S (storage coefficient) values


D= 1 Thickness of aquifer
n= 0.04 Total porosity
Alfa 3.00E-09 Usually between 1E-9 to 1E-11

S = 2.96E-05

Philipe-Dunne estimation of Ks

L in cm = 30 cm
time to reach 0.5L (min) 56 min
time to reach L=0 (min) 170 min
Diameter of pipe (cm)= 10 cm

tmax/tmin = 3.03571429 must be less than 5.4


Tau = 1.10710714
r0= 0.025 m
Ks = 0.289469 m/d

L (cm)

Ks=
scroll down for parallel plate, Recovery T
Philipe-Dunne methods T= 13.4
5 431 43.1 4782 478.2 43.1 478.2

4.14E-04 9 0.9 28 2.8 0.9 2.8

Water level rise (m)


1.6

1.4

1.2

uo5
1
uo6
up15
0.8
up16
Uo10 0.6
fit
Linear 0.4
(fit)
0.2

1000 0
1 10 100 1000
t' (min)

2.8 28 0.2 181

Recovery data
t'(min) uo5 uo6 up15 up16 Uo10 22 2
1.5 0.10
10.5 0.20 28
20.5 0.30 181
30.5 0.40
40.5 0.50
50.5 0.60
60.5 0.70
70.5 0.80
80.5 0.90
90.5 0.95
100.5 1.00
110.5 1.10
120.5 1.15
130.5 1.20
140.5 1.25
150.5 1.30
160.5 1.37
170.5 1.38
Viscosity (Ns 8.00E-03 100
Density [g/cm3] 1.78
Waterlevel at time = 0

Soil

Waterlevel at 0.5L = time medium

0.5L (cm)

Waterlevel at time = tmax when all water has


drained away

ro=0.5* the inside radius of borehole


0.862661

1000

1.4

14

0.2
1.4

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