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In this article, we introduce definition of a fractional triple Laplace transform of order α , 0 < α ≤ 1 , for fractional
differentiable functions. Some main properties and inversion theorem of fractional triple Laplace transform are established.
Further, the connection between fractional triple Laplace and fractional triple Sumudu transforms are presented.

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ISSN No:-2456-2165

Properties

Ram Shiromani

Department of Mathematics, Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur-302017, INDIA

Abstract:- In this article, we introduce definition of a fractional triple Laplace transform of order α , 0 < α ≤ 1 , for fractional

differentiable functions. Some main properties and inversion theorem of fractional triple Laplace transform are established.

Further, the connection between fractional triple Laplace and fractional triple Sumudu transforms are presented.

keywords:- Fractional Riemann-Liouville Derivatives,triple Laplace transform ,triple Sumudu transform, Mittag Leffler function.

I. INTRODUCTION

There are various integral transforms in the literature which are used in astronomy, physics and also in engineering. The

integral transforms were vastly applied to obtain the solution of differential equations, therefore there are different kinds of integral

transforms like Mellin, Laplace, Fourier, and so on. Partial differential equations are considered one of the most significant topics in

mathematics and others. There are no general methods for solve these equations. However, integral transform method is one of the

most familiar method in order to get the solution of partial differential equations [1,2]. In [3,4] triple Laplace transform was used to

solve third order partial differential equations. Moreover the relation between them and their applications to differential equations

have been determined and studied by [5,6]. In this study we focus on triple Laplace transforms. First of all, we start to recall the

definition of triple Laplace transform as follows

II. DEFINITION

Definition 1 := Let f be a continuous function of three variables; then, the triple Laplace transform of f(x,y,t) is defined by

(1)

where, x,y,t > 0 and p,s,k are Laplace variables, and

(2)

Definition:= Let g(t) be a continuous function and not necessarily differentiable function, then the forward operator FW(h)

is defined as follows

FW (h) g (t) : = g ( t + h ),

Volume 3, Issue 5, May – 2018 International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology

ISSN No:-2456-2165

The author in [10] proposed an alternative definition of the Riemann-Liouville fractional derivative

Definition:= Let g(t) be a continuous function, but not necessarily differentiable, then

• Let us presume that g(t)=K, where K is a constant, thus α- derivative of the function g(t) is

a a a

D g(t)=Dt g(0)+Dt (g(t)-g(0)),

at any negative α,( α < 0) one has

a a

Dt (g(t)-g(0))=Dt g(t)=Dt(g(a-1)).

When m < α < m +1, we place

(3)

by integration with respect to (dt)a.

Lemma 5.1 If g(t) is a continuous function, so the solution of (3) is defined as the following

(4)

for more results and various views on fractional calculus,see for example [8,9,10,11].

We defined Triple Sumudu transform of the function depended on three variables . Analogously, fractional triple Sumudu

transform was defined and some properties were given as the following.

Volume 3, Issue 5, May – 2018 International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology

ISSN No:-2456-2165

Definition:= Let f(x,y,t) denote a function which vanishes for negative values of t.Its triple Laplace’s transform of order α (or its α th

fractional Laplace’s transform) is define by the following expression:

(5)

provided that integral exists.

Theorem 7.1 If the Laplace transform of fractional order of a function f(x,y,t) is L [f(x,y,t)]=F (u,v,w) and the

a a

Sumudo transform of this function is

Sa[f(x,y,t)]=Ga(u,v,w),

then

F , , , 0<a<1

1 1 1 1

G (u,v,w)= (6)

a a a a a u v w

u v w

(7)

(8)

By using the changes of variable ux

(9)

Saf(ax,by,ct)=Ga(au,bv,cw),

a a a

(10)

Volume 3, Issue 5, May – 2018 International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology

ISSN No:-2456-2165

The main results in this work are present in the following section,

(11)

Corollary 10.1 By using the Mittag-Leffler property then we can rewrite the formula (11) as the following:

(12)

Remark 10.2 In particular case, fractional triple Laplace transform (11) turns to triple Laplace transform (1) when α=1.

In this section, various properties of fractional triple Laplace transform are discussed and proved such as linearity property,

change of scale property and so on.

1. Linearity Property:

Let f1(x,y,t) and f2(x,y,t) be functions of the variables x,y and t, then

La[a1f1(x,y,t)+a2f2(x,y,t)]=a1La[f1(x,y,t)]+a2La[f2(x,y,t)]. (13)

Proof. We can simply get the proof by applying the definition (11).

1 p s k

If La[f(x,y,t)]=Fa(p,s,k) hence La[f(ax,by,ct)]= F ( , , ) .

a a a a a b c

a b c

Wherever a,b and c are constants.

Proof.

(14)

(15)

(16)

3. Shifting Property:

Let La[f(x,t)]=Fa(p,s,k) then La[Ea(-(ax+by+ct)a)f(x,y,t)]=Fa(p+a,s+b,k+c) .

Volume 3, Issue 5, May – 2018 International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology

ISSN No:-2456-2165

Hence

4. Multiplication by xayata:

Let

(17)

then

(18)

Proof.

(19)

(20)

Theorem 12.1 The triple convolution of order α of functions f(x,y,t), and g(x,y,t) can be defined as the expression

(21)

therefore one has the equality

(22)

Proof. we apply the definition of fractional triple laplace transform and fractional triple convolution above, the we obtain.

Volume 3, Issue 5, May – 2018 International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology

ISSN No:-2456-2165

(23)

Firstly, we will set up definition of fractional delta function of three variables as follows

Definition:= Three variables delta function da(x-a,y-b,t-c)

of function order α , 0 < α ≤ 1, can be defined as next formula

a a a 3

g(x,y,t)da(x-a,y-b,t-c)(dx) (dy) (dt) =a g(a,b,c). (24)

R R R

a a a 3

g(x,y,t)da(x,y,t)(dx) (dy) (dt) =a g(0,0). (25)

R R R

Example 13.1 We can obtain fractional triple Laplace transform of d (x-a,y-b,t-c) as follows

a

(26)

=a3Ea(-(pa+sb+kc)a).

a a

MITTAG-LEFFLER FUNCTION

a

The relation between Ea(x+y+t) and da(x,y,t) is clarified by the following theorem

Theorem 14.1 The following formula holds

a3

E (i(-wx)a)Ea(i(-hy)a)Ea(i(-qt)a)(dw)a(dh)a(dq)a=da(x,y,t),

3a a

(27)

(Ma) R R R

Volume 3, Issue 5, May – 2018 International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology

ISSN No:-2456-2165

where M satisfy the equivalence E (i(M )a)=1, and it is called period of the Mittag-Leffler function.

a a a

Proof. We test that (27) is in agreement with

(28)

we replace δα(x, y, t) in above equality by (27) to get

= α3.

Note that one has as well

(29)

Theorem 15.1 Here we recall the fractional triple Laplace transform (11) for convenience

(30)

and its inverse formula define as

(31)

Proof. Substituting (30) into (31) and using the formula(27) ,respectively, we obtain in turn

XVI. CONCLUSION

In this present work, fractional triple Laplace transform and its inverse are defined, and several properties of fractional triple

Laplace transform have been discussed which are consistent with triple Laplace transform when α = 1. Moreover convolution

Volume 3, Issue 5, May – 2018 International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology

ISSN No:-2456-2165

theorem is presented.

XVII. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I have taken effort in this paper. However,it would not have been possible without the kind support and help of many

individuals I would like to extend my sincere thanks to all of them.I am highly indebted to my institute Department of Mathematics,

Malaviya National Institiute of technology,Jaipur.

REFERENCES

[1]. D. G. Duffy, Transform methods for solving partial differential equations (CRC press, 2004).

[2]. T. A. Estrin and T. J. Higgins, Journal of the Franklin Institute 252, 153â“167 (1951).

[3]. A. KÄ±lÄ±cÂ¸man and H. Gadain, Journal of the Franklin Institute 347, 848â“862 (2010).

[4]. A. KÄ±lÄ±cÂ¸man and H. Eltayeb, Applied Mathematical Sciences 4, 109â“118 (2010).

[5]. H. Eltayeb and A. KilicÂ¸man, Malaysian Journal of Mathematical Sciences 4, 17â“30 (2010).

[6]. A. KÄ±lÄ±cÂ¸man and H. Eltayeb, ISRN Applied Mathematics 2012 (2012).

[7]. H. Eltayeb and A. KilicÂ¸man, Abstract and applied analysis 2013 (2013).

[8]. S. G. Samko, A. A. Kilbas, and O. I. Marichev, Fractional integrals and derivatives (Theory and Applications, Gordon and

Breach, Yverdon, 1993).

[9]. I. Podlubny, Fractional differential equations: an introduction to fractional derivatives, fractional differential equations, to

methods of their solution and some of their applications, Vol. 198 (Academic press, 1998).

[10]. R. Hilfer, Applications of fractional calculus in physics (World Scientific, 2000).

[11]. K. Oldhman and J. Spanier, The fractional calculus: Theory and applications of differentiation and integration to arbitrary

order (Academic Press, New York, 1974).

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