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M900/M1800 Base Station Subsystem

Signaling Analysis Manual Contents

Contents

13 Short Message Procedure .....................................................................................................13-1


13.1 Overview ...................................................................................................................................................13-2
13.2 Normal Procedure .....................................................................................................................................13-3
13.2.1 SMS Procedure on SDCCH When MS Is Calling ...........................................................................13-3
13.2.2 SMS Procedure on SDCCH When MS Is Called.............................................................................13-5
13.2.3 SMS Procedure on SACCH When MS Is Calling ...........................................................................13-7
13.2.4 SMS Procedure on SACCH when MS Is Called..............................................................................13-8
13.3 Internal Handling of BSC..........................................................................................................................13-8
13.4 Abnormal Cases ........................................................................................................................................13-9

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Figures

Figure 13-1 SMS procedure on SDCCH when MS is calling ..........................................................................13-3


Figure 13-2 SMS procedure on SDCCH when MS is called............................................................................13-5
Figure 13-3 SMS procedure on SACCH when MS is calling ..........................................................................13-7

Figure 13-4 SMS procedure on SACCH when MS is called............................................................................13-8

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13 Short Message Service Procedure

About This Chapter

The following table lists the contents of this chapter.

Title Description

13.1 Overview Introduces cell broadcast service (CBS) procedures.


13.2 Normal Procedure Describes normal CBS procedures.
13.3 Internal Handling of BSC Describes the BSC internal handling in CBS procedures.
13.4 Abnormal Cases Describes abnormal CBS procedures and offers guidance
to troubleshooting.

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13.1 Overview
Short messages can be transmitted either through SDCCH, SACCH. SMS procedure can
classify short message calling procedure and called procedure.

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13.2 Normal Procedure


13.2.1 SMS Procedure on SDCCH When MS Is Calling
Signaling procedure

Figure 13-1 SMS procedure on SDCCH when MS is calling

MS BTS BSC MSC

Channel REQ (1)

Channel RQD (2)

Channel ACT (3)


Channel ACT ACK (4)
I MM ASS CMD (5)
SABM (6)
UA (7)
EST IND( CM Service REQ) (8)
CR(CMP L3 information) (9)
CC (10)
Authentication REQ (11)

Authentication RPS (12)


SABM (SAPI 3) (13)
UA (14)
EST IND( SAPI 3) (15)

CIPH Mode CMD (16)


CIPH Mode CMP (17)

CP DATA (18)

CP ACK (19)

CP DATA (20)

CP ACK (21)

Clear CMD (22)


Channel REL (23)

Deactive SACCH (24)


DISC (25)
UA (26)
REL IND (27)
RF Channel REL (28)

RF Channel REL ACK (29)


Clear CMP (30)
RLSD (31)
RLSD CMP (32)

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Procedure explanation
Step 1 (1) ~ (8) in Figure 13-1 illustrates a random access and immediate assignment procedure, in
which BSS allocates signaling channel to MS.
Step 2 (15) ~ (21) is a short message transmission procedure.
MS sends SABM again, notifying the network side that this user needs short message service
(SMS). Then, BSC provides a transparent-transmission channel for MS to exchange short
message information with MSC. In this procedure, the MSCs of some manufacturers are
capable to send ASS REQ to BSC, requesting it to assign channel for short message
transmission. The time for sending ASS REQ is the same as that for a common call. BSC can
provide SMS either by allocating other channels or by using the original SDCCH.
Point to Point short message protocol is divided into connection management layer (CM),
relay layer (RL), transport layer (TL) and application layer (AL).
CP_DATA and CP_ACK are the message on CM layer, CP_DATA is used to transmit the
content of RL and AL message, CP_ACK is the acknowledgement message of CP_DATA.
Step 3 (22) ~ (35) is a release procedure.
MSC initiates a release procedure upon the completion of short message transmission.
----End

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13.2.2 SMS Procedure on SDCCH When MS Is Called


Signaling procedure

Figure 13-2 SMS procedure on SDCCH when MS is called

MS BTS BSC MSC

Paging CMD (1)


Paging CMD (2)

Channel REQ (3)

Channel RQD (4)

Channel ACT (5)


Channel ACT ACK (6)
I MM ASS CMD (7)
first SABM (8)

EST IND( Page Response) (9)


UA (10) CR(CMP L3 information) (11)

Authentication REQ (13)


Authentication RSP (14)
CIPH Mode CMD (15)
CIPH Mode CMP (16)

first SABM (19) EST REQ( SAPI 3) (18) CP_DATA (17)


UA (20)
EST CNF( SAPI 3) (21)

CP DATA (22)

CP ACK (23)

CP DATA (24)
CP ACK (25)
Clear CMD (26)
Channel REL (27)

Deactive SACCH (28)


DISC (29) REL IND (30)
UA (31) RF Channel REL (32)

RF Channel REL ACK (33)


Clear CMP (34)
RLSD (35)
RLSD CMP (36)

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Procedure explanation
Step 1 (1) ~ (10) is a paging response and immediate assignment procedure.
MSC sends Paging CMD to page the called subscriber. MS requests for SDCCH, and
responds with Paging Response.
Step 2 (17) ~ (25) is a short message setup and transmission procedure.
As for the SMS procedure when MS is called, BSC sends EST REQ to MS to establish short
message connection. When EST CNF is received from MS, the connection is successfully
established. BSC transparently transmits the short message till the end of the transmission.
(13), (14), (15) and (16) are optional signaling procedures.
Step 3 (26) ~ (36) is a release procedure.
----End

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13.2.3 SMS Procedure on SACCH When MS Is Calling


Signaling procedure

Figure 13-3 SMS procedure on SACCH when MS is calling

MS BTS BSC MSC

ACTIVE CALL

FACCH CM Servic REQ (1)

CM Servic ACC (2)

SACCH SABM (SAPI 3) (3)


UA (4)
EST IND( SAPI 3) (5)

CP DATA (6)

CP ACK (7)

CP DATA (8)

CP ACK (9)

ACTIVE CALL

Procedure explanation
MS sends CM SERV REQ through FACCH. MSC responds with the CM SERV ACC
message, and establishes CC layer connection. Then, it establishes RR layer connection on
SACCH, and sends the short message

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13.2.4 SMS Procedure on SACCH when MS Is Called


Signaling procedure

Figure 13-4 SMS procedure on SACCH when MS is called

MS BTS BSC MSC

ACTIVE CALL

CP DATA (1)
SABM (3) EST REQ( SAPI 3) (2)
UA (4)
EST CNF( SAPI 3) (5)

CP DATA (6)
CP ACK (7)

CP DATA (8)

CP ACK (9)

ACTIVE CALL

Procedure explanation
BSC receives the CP DATA message from MSC, and establishes RR layer connection for
SMS. Upon the reception of CP ACK from MS, MSC sends the short message.

13.3 Internal Handling of BSC


The internal handling of the BSC includes:
Step 1 The BSC detects whether the MS supports short message services according to the classmark
in the message reported from the MS.
Step 2 Upon receipt of the short message from the MS, the BSC checks the [Cell Call Control Table]
for the configuration of the “Short message uplink disabled” field. If the field is set to yes, the
short message cannot be sent.

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Step 3 Upon receipt of the short message from the MSC, the BSC checks the [Cell Call Control
Table] for the configuration of the “Short message downlink disabled” field. If the field is set
to yes, the short message cannot be sent.
----End

13.4 Abnormal Cases


In case of exception in short message transmission, MS receives CPDATA, and responds to
MSC with CP NACK, notifying the short message transmission failure to MSC.

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