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Algebraic Structure of Union of Fuzzy Sub Trigroups and Fuzzy Subngroups

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ISSN: 2456-9992

Trigroups And Fuzzy Sub–Ngroups

N. Duraimanickam, N. Deepica

Assistant Professor of Mathematics, S.T.E.T Women‟s College, Mannargudi, Tamilnadu. India-Pin-614016

ndeepicapkt@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT: In this paper, the definitions of union of Fuzzy subsets, Fuzzy subgroup, properties and union of Fuzzy subgroups.Some

characteristic description and a kind of representation of the fuzzy sub-trigroup with respect to operation addition are Introduced.Fuzzy sub-

trigroup,union of fuzzy trigroups is proved with examples.

INTRODUCTION: Examples:

The concepts of fuzzy sets was introduced by Zadeh.Since Consider U={a ,b ,c ,d} and A:U 1 defined by

the paper fuzzy set theory has been considerably developed A(a)=0,A(b)=0.7,A(c)=0.4,and A(d)=1.Then A is a fuzzy set

by Zadeh himself and some researchers.The original concept can also be written as follows:

of fuzzy sets was introduced as an extension of crisps (usual)

sets, by enlarging the truth value set of “grade of A= {(a, 0), (b,0.7),(c,0.4),(d,1)}.

members”from the two value set {0,1} to unit interval {0,1}

of real numbers. The study of fuzzy group was started by Relation between Fuzzy sets: 2

Rosenfeld. It was extended by Roventa who have introduced Let U be a domain and A, B be fuzzy sets on U. Inclusion

the fuzzy groups operating on fuzzy (or) Containment: A is said to be included (or) contained in

sets.W.B.Vasanthakandasamyintroduced fuzzy sub-bigroup B if and only if A(x) B(x) for all x in U. In symbols, we

with respect to “ + and _” and illustrate it with example. write, A⊆B. We also say that A is a subset of B.

W.B.VasanthaKandasamy was the first one to introduce the

notion of bigroups in the year 1994.Several mathematicians Definition of Union of Fuzzy sets : 3

have followed them in investigating the fuzzy group theory. The union of two fuzzy subsets , is defined by

We now recall the previous and preliminary definitions, and ( ) (x) = max (x), (x)} for every x in U.

results that are required in our discussion. Rosenfield

introduced the notion of fuzzy group and showed that many Definition of Fuzzy Subgroup: 4

group theory results can be extended in an elementary Let G be a group. A fuzzy subset of a group G is called a

manner to develop the theory of fuzzy group .The fuzzy subgroup of the group G if

underlying logic of the theory of fuzzy group is to provide a (xy) ≥ min { (x), (y)} for every x,y G and

strict fuzzy algebraic structure where level subset of a fuzzy ii ) ( ) = (x) for every x G.

group of a group G is a subgroup of the group. In this

section, We define Fuzzy sub-bigroup of a bigroup. To Definition of Fuzzy Union of the fuzzy sets and : 5

define the notion of fuzzy sub-bigroup of a bigroup.We Let be a fuzzy subset of a set and be a fuzzy subset of

define a new notion called the fuzzy union of any two fuzzy a set , then the fuzzy union of the fuzzy sets and is

subsets of two distinct sets. defined as a function.

2 .Preliminaries: : [ ] given by

The concept of a fuzzy set is an extension of the concept of a max ( (x), (x)) if x

crisp set. Just as a crisp set on a universal set U is defined ( ) (x) (x) if x & x∉

by its characteristic function from U to {0,1} , a fuzzy set on (x) if x x∉

a domain U is defined by its membership function from U to

[0,1] . Let U be a non-empty set, to be called the Universal

set (or) Universe of discourse or simply a domain. Then, We illustrate this definition by the following example:

by a fuzzy set on U is meant a function A: U [ 0 ,1 ]. A

is called the membership function; A (x) is called the Let ={ 1,2,3,4,5 } and ={2,4,6,8,10 } be two sets.

membership grade of x in A. We also write

Define [0, 1] by

A= {(x, A (x)): x U}.

1 if x = 1 ,2 .

(x) = 0.6 if x = 3.

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International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications

ISSN: 2456-9992

and define : [0,1] by

max ( (x), (x), x))

if x ∩ ∩

1 if x = 2, 4. (x) if x x

(x) = 0.6 if x = 6. (x) if x x

0.2 if x = 8 ,10. (x) if x x , .

It is easy to calculate is given as follows: Let G = ( ,+) be a trigroup. Then µ: G → [0,1] is

said to be a fuzzy sub-trigroup of the trigroup G if there

exists three fuzzy subsets of and of , of such

1 if x = 1, 2, 4. that

( )(x) = 0.6 if x = 3, 6. ( i ) ( ,+) is a fuzzy subgroup of ( ,+)

0.2 if x = 5, 8 ,10. ( ii ) ( ,+) is a fuzzy subgroup of ( ,+)

( iii ) ( ,+) is a fuzzy subgroup of ( ,+)

( iv ) µ = ( ).

Definition of Fuzzy sub- bigroup : 6

Let G = ( , +, ·) be a bigroup. Then : G [0 , 1]

Note: A fuzzy subset µ of a group G is said to be a union of

is said to be a Fuzzy sub- bigroup of the bigroup G if

three fuzzy sub-groups of the group G if there exists three

there exists two fuzzy subsets (of and (of )

fuzzy subgroups and , of µ ( =µ , =µ and

such that

=µ) such that µ =( ). Here by the term fuzzy

i ) ( ,+) is a fuzzy subgroup of ( ,+)

subgroup λ of μ we mean that λ is a fuzzy subgroup of the

ii ) ( , ·) is a fuzzy subgroup of ( , ·) and

group G and λ μ ( where μ is also a fuzzy subgroup of G ).

=

Let = {1,2,3,4,5} and ={2,4,6,8,10}, = {1,3,5,7,9}

Consider the bigroup G ={ i , 0 , 1 , , 3,…..}

be three sets

under the binary operation „+‟ and „·‟ where ={ 0 , 1 ,

, 3,…..} and = { i , 1} . Define : G [0 , 1]

Define : → [0,1] by

by

if x = i, - i 1 if x = 1,2

(x) = 1 if x { 0, , 4 ,…..} (x) = 0.6 if x = 3

if x { 1 , 3, …….} 0.2 if x = 4,5.

Define : → [0,1] by

bigroup G, for we can find

: [0 , 1] by

1 if x = 2,4

(x) = 0.6 if x = 6

1 if x {0, , 4 , …..}

0.2 if x = 8,10.

(x) = if x { 1, 3, …….}

and : [0 , 1] is given by

1 if x = 1

x) = if x = 1 , -1 (x) = 0.6 if x = 3,5

0.2 if x = 7,9

if x = i, - i

Hence

i.e ., there exists two fuzzy subgroup of and

of such that = 1 if x = 1,2,4.

( )(x) = 0.6 if x = 3,5,6

Definition of the fuzzy union of the fuzzy sets 0.2 if x = 7,8,9,10.

and , : 7 (addition)

a set . be a fuzzy subset of a set then the fuzzy

union of the fuzzy sets and , is defined as a function.

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International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications

ISSN: 2456-9992

: 9 (addition) µ=( ).

Let be a fuzzy subset of a set and be a fuzzy subset

of a set , be a fuzzy subset of a set , be a fuzzy

subset of a set then the fuzzy union of the fuzzy sets 3.Theorems:

and , is defined as a function. Theorem: 1

Every fuzzy sub –bigroup of a group G is a fuzzy

: → [0,1] is given by subgroup of the group G but not conversely .

max( (x), (x), Proof: It follows from the definition of the fuzzy sub –

x) x) ) if x bigroupof a group G that every sub –bigroupof a group G

∩ ∩ . is a fuzzy subgroup of the group G .

( )(x) = (x) if x x

(x) if x , & x , Main Theorem: 1

(x) if x x , . The union of two fuzzy subgroups of a group G is a fuzzy

(x) if x x , ,, subgroup if and only if one is contained in the other.

(addition)

Let G = ( +) be a quadratic group. Then µ: Necessary part: Let and two fuzzy subgroups of G

G → [0,1] is said to be a fuzzy sub-quadratic group of the such that one is contained in the other. Hence either

quadratic group G. if there exists three fuzzy subsets of ⊆ (or) ⊆ .

and of , of of such that

( i ) ( ,+) is a fuzzy subgroup of ( ,+) To prove: is a fuzzy subgroup of G. Let the union of

( ii ) ( ,+) is a fuzzy subgroup of ( ,+) two fuzzy subsets , is defined by

( iii ) ( ,+) is a fuzzy subgroup of ( ,+)

( iv ) ( ,+) is a fuzzy subgroup of ( ,+) (x)= max { (x), (x)}

( v ) µ = ( ).

So (xy) =max { (xy), (xy)}………(.1.)

Similarly,

We have define the following for n , Since and are the two fuzzy subgroup of G.

Definition of the fuzzy union of the fuzzy sets and ,

....... 11 (addition) (xy) = (xy) (or)

Let be a fuzzy subset of a set and be a fuzzy subset

of a set , be a fuzzy subset of a set , be a fuzzy (xy)……. .

subset of a set then the fuzzy union of the fuzzy sets

and , is defined as a function. Since (xy) and (xy) are fuzzy subgroup of G.

if x ∩ ∩ .

( …. )(x) = (x) if x x Hence is a fuzzy subgroup of G.

(x) if x x

(x) if x x , SUFFICIENT PART:

Suppose is a fuzzy subgroup of G.

……………………………………

(x) if x x , ,.... To Claim:

⊆ (or) ⊆ .

Fuzzy sub-n groups of a n group G : 12

Let G = ( +) be a n-group .then µ: G → Since , and are fuzzy subgroup of G.

[0,1] is said to be a Fuzzy sub-n groups of the n group G .

if there exists n fuzzy subsets of and of , of

(xy) min { (x), (y)}………3(by condition (i) of

of such that

definition of fuzzy subgroup of G)).

( i ) ( ,+) is a fuzzy subgroup of ( ,+)

( ii ) ( ,+) is a fuzzy subgroup of ( ,+)

There are two cases,

( iii ) ( ,+) is a fuzzy subgroup of ( ,+)

(xy) (x),

( iv )……………………………………

ii) (xy) (y).

( v )…………………………………….

(iv )…………………………………

( n ) ( ,+) is a fuzzy subgroup of ( ,+)

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International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications

ISSN: 2456-9992

Case i) Conversely,

Let is a fuzzy sub-bigroup .

(xy)

To prove :

By fuzzy union of fuzzy sets and , we have ⊆ and ⊆ . since is a fuzzy sub-bigroup .

By Theorem: 1 Every fuzzy sub –bigroup of a group G

(x)= 5, is a fuzzy subgroup of the group G but not conversely

Sub 5 in 4, we get .

G is a fuzzy subgroup if and only if one is contained in

From 4 and 6, we get the other.

⊆ ……….7 Therefore ,

The union of two fuzzy sub-bigroups of a bigroup G is a

Similarly case ii): fuzzy sub-bigroup if and only if one is contained in the

other.

(xy) (y)………8.

Main Theorem: 3

By definition of fuzzy union of fuzzy sets of G, we have The union of the three fuzzy sub-trigroups of a group G

is a fuzzy sub-trigroups if and only if one is contained in

(y)= (y). 9, the other.

(xy) (y) = (y).

Necessary part: Let and three fuzzy sub -

(xy ) (y)...…….10. trigroups of G such that one is contained in the other.

(y) (y). ⊆ , (or) ⊆ (or) ⊆

From 7and 11,

By Definition of the fuzzy union of the fuzzy sets

i.e ⊆ and ⊆ . and , .

Therefore The Union of two fuzzy subgroups of a group G is

a fuzzy subgroup.if and only if one contained in other. which implies either

(x) = ( )(x) = (x) ……………..1.

Main Theorem: 2 (or) (x) = ( )(x) = (x) …………….2.

The union of two fuzzy sub-bigroups of a bigroup G is a (or) (x) = ( )(x) = (x) …………….3.

fuzzy sub-bigroup if and only if one is contained in the

other. From 1 ,2,3

since and three fuzzy sub – trigroups .

Proof: Let and are the fuzzysub-bigroups and = is a fuzzy sub-trigroupof G.

⊆ and ⊆ .

Sufficient part:

To prove : is a fuzzy sub-bigroup . By definition of Let = is a fuzzy sub-trigroupof G.

Fuzzy Union of the fuzzy sets and (Definition : 4 )

To prove :

(xy) = (xy) (or) ⊆ (or) ⊆ (or), ⊆ (or) ⊆ (or)

⊆ (or) ⊆

(xy).

By the Definition offuzzy sub-trigroup

Since (xy) and (xy) are fuzzy sub - bigroups of G. Let G = ( ,+) ; = and

( i ) ( ,+) is a fuzzy subgroup of ( ,+) .

Hence , ( ii ) ( ,+) is a fuzzy subgroup of ( ,+).

is a fuzzy sub-bigroup . ( ,+) is a fuzzy subgroup of ( ,+) .

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International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications

ISSN: 2456-9992

A fuzzy subset µ of a group G is said to be a union of three In this paper,We derive the union of the “n” fuzzy sub-

fuzzy sub-groups of the group G if there exists three fuzzy “n”groups of a group G.

subgroups and , of µ ( =µ , =µ and =µ)

such that µ = ( ). For n = 2,3,………….n .

[1] G.Nirmala, S.Suganthi -Fuzzy Sub - Trigroup –

μ= ( ).……………4 (where μ is also Trilevel Properties .

a fuzzy subgroup of G).

[2] N.Duraimanickam ,N.Deepica –Algebraic structure of

similarly , union of fuzzy subgroups and fuzzy sub –bigroups.

μ = ( ). . …………… 5

μ =( ). …………… 6. [3] Arumugam. S ,Isaac.A.T-Modern Algebra.

By the fuzzy union of the fuzzy sets and : [4] I.N. Herstein-Topics in Algebra.

(x) if x

( ).(x)= (x) if x x , [6] W.B.Vasanthakandasamy.-Smarandache Fuzzy Algebra.

Suppose that Fuzzy sets, Analysis, and Design.

( ).(x) = (x) ………….….7.

Substitute 5 , 6 in 4 We get ,

⊆ (or) ⊆ ,……………I.

⊆ (or) ⊆ ,…………II

⊆ (or) ⊆ ,…………III .

⊆ (or) ⊆ .

group G is a fuzzy sub-trigroups if and only if one is

contained in the other.

Similarly We prove the Theorem for fuzzy sub- quadratic

groups and soon fuzzy sub-n groups.

i.e.,

The union of the four fuzzy sub-quadraticgroups of a

group G is a fuzzy sub-quadraticgroups if and only if one

is contained in the other.

Similarly for n ,

The union of the “n” fuzzy sub-“n”groups of a group G is

a fuzzy sub-“n”groups if and only if one is contained in

the other.

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