You are on page 1of 42

DOCUMENT NO 333 October 2016

A.P.A.C. Ltd.
Archaeological Perspectives Analysis Consultancy

ARCHAEOLOGICAL

REPORT

1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil, Tredegar

Level II, BUILDING RECORDING SURVEY

Blaenau Gwent County Borough Council

Planning Application No’s: 2015/0181.

PREPARED BY: MR A.O. PHILLIPS


CHECKED: DR N PHILLIPS
19/OCTOBER/2016
A.P.A.C. Ltd 1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16

Summary

A planning application was submitted to Blaenau Gwent County Borough


Council (BGCBC) and as part of the planning process, Glamorgan Gwent
Archaeological Trust (GGAT) advised the planning department that the
proposed work at the site could likely impact on archaeological resources.

The conditions imposed required a level II building recording survey

APAC Ltd was contacted by the client in order to undertake the program of
archaeological work.

APAC Ltd produced a project design for the work, which was approved and the
survey was undertaken.

This document is the result of a programme of archaeological work, undertaken


prior to the demolition of No 1 Cross Brook Cottage.

The survey was able to produce a photographic and documentary record of the
building providing a firm 19th century date.

The survey would suggest that no significant archaeological resources will be


disturbed during the proposed demolition.

Copyright Notice:
A.P.A.C. Ltd. retains copyright of this report under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988.

The Ordnance Survey has granted A.P.A.C. Ltd a Copyright Licence (No. 100046577) to reproduce map information; Copyright remains
otherwise with the Ordnance Survey.

Cover Photograph DSCO9722, North eastern elevation. Back of house.

1
A.P.A.C. Ltd 1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16

Contents

Summary ......................................................................................................................................... 1
Contents........................................................................................................................................... 2
Appendix ......................................................................................................................................... 3
Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 4
Site location ..................................................................................................................................... 4
Geology & Topography .................................................................................................................. 4
Brief archaeological and historical background .............................................................................. 5
Aims and Objectives ....................................................................................................................... 6
Methodology ................................................................................................................................... 6
Data Presentation............................................................................................................................. 6
External description......................................................................................................................... 6
Archive ............................................................................................................................................ 9
Acknowledgements: ........................................................................................................................ 9
Copyright ......................................................................................................................................... 9
Bibliography and References: ................................................................................................... 10

Figures

01. Site Location Map.


02. HER map
03. a) 1832 ordnance survey, first series, sheet 42. b) Brecknockshire, Llangyndyr tithe map, 1842
04. Map progressions a)1887, b)1901, c)1922, and d) current
05. Property plans
06. Floor plans, phasing

2
A.P.A.C. Ltd 1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16

Survey Photo cards 1-21

01 North eastern elevation. Back of house. D1, D2, W1, W4 and partial W2. Remains of extension.
Remains of collapsed roof.
02 Corner of north eastern elevation and north western gable end. Rendered walls. W6 of upstairs
room 3. Possible edition of building extension evidenced by slope of roof.
03 General, front of house elevation and north western gable end
04 General, front elevation of property and its relation to its neighbour. Once one building.
05 Room 6 under stair in room 2 accessed from room 1.
06 Room 6 under stair lime plastered stone and brick walls. square brick entrance to right. Possibly
original entrance before house extension.
07 Room 6, square bricked up entrance to right. Possibly original entrance before house extension.
08 North western gale end, room 1. Cast iron fireplace, with brick mantle. Wall recesses to either
side. Under machine timbered ceiling.
09 D3 from room 1 to room 2. Note thickness of wall and batter. Suggests original external wall.
10 Room 2 north western gable end, modern wall papered wall and stone fire place. Fire place and
stack brought forward.
11 Room 2, south western elevation. D4 to left of structural pillar. W3 large internally splayed
window to the right. Only splayed on one side.
12 Room 2, D4 a modern six panelled do with transom and modern bubbled glass fanlight.
13 Modern wood panel staircase with carpeting. Room 2 up to rooms 3 and 4
14 Modern timber and plaster wall divide between room 3 and stairs.
15 North western gable end, W6. Small window with upward splay
16 South western gable end. W7 internally splayed window with remains of wooden frame. Window
splay only on one side, as with W3.
17 Property divide. remains of roof and chimney stack above neighbouring building., Properties
originally built as one
18 D5 into room 4. Exposed original stonework in wall between rooms and around doorway
19 Room 4, small window (W5) in recess to left of room 1 chimney stack continuation. Only visible
from inside. External blocked up. Note slope of roof.
20 Room 4, W4, central splayed window. Wooden sill and frame with metal locking clasp.
21 General. Properties layout and roof structure.

Appendix

I. HER Core
II. Her Events
III. Complete photograph list with contact sheet

3
A.P.A.C. Ltd 1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16

Introduction

The building survey report has been prepared by Adam Phillips, A.P.A.C. Ltd, in response to: RE: Demolition Of
Existing Semi-Detached Cottage And Associated Outbuildings And Construction Of A New Detached Two Story
House: 1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil, Tredegar. PlApp.No: 2015/0181.

Blaenau Gwent County Borough Council (BGCBC) were advised in this planning application by Glamorgan
Gwent Archaeological Trust (GGAT) Archaeological Planning Services (APS):

Prior to and during demolition works, the building will need to be recorded under archaeological supervision to
“elucidate further detail on the origins of the building, information on its construction, and alteration, details of
its architectural features and history of its development”, BLG0174/JB

No site works shall be undertaken until the implementation of an appropriate


programme of building recording and analysis has been agreed with the local Planning
Authority, to be carried out by a specialist acceptable to the Local Planning Authority
and in accordance with an agreed written specification.

BLG0174/JB

APAC Ltd was contracted by the client, to undertake the programme of archaeological recording work and in
accordance with the suggested model, CIFA 2014, drew up a Written Scheme of Investigation, WSI:PS/TF/16.

The written scheme of investigation was approved by GGAT as ‘fit for purpose’ allowing the survey work to
proceed.

This document is the report of the level II building recording survey.

Site location

The location of the site is to the north west of the town of Tredegar, and can be gained from the A465, ‘Heads of the
Valleys Road.

At the Tredegar roundabout on the A465 turn north onto Llwyn Helyg road and continue north, north west onto
Trefil Rd.

Upon entering Trefil take a second right, down a narrow road to 1 Brook Cottages, NGR:312172, 212608

Geology & Topography

1:50 000 scale

Polymict deposit: comprises gravel, sand and clay depending on upslope source and distance from source. Poorly
sorted and poorly stratified deposits formed mostly by solifluction and/or hillwash and soil creep. Essentially
comprises sand and gravel, locally with lenses of silt, clay or peat and organic material. In the Bristol area: red or
brown silt and stony clay with cobbles of hard rock, eg Carboniferous limestone or sandstone. Argillaceous frost-
shattered rock debris either in-situ or soliflucted. Soliflucted deposits have variable sand/clay content.

1:65 000 scale


Fine- to very coarse-grained feldspathic sandstones, interbedded with grey siltstones and mudstones, with
subordinate marine shaly mudstone, claystone, coals and seatearths. (British geological survey, BGS)

The site occupies the western slope of a shallow valley in a mixture of drystone walled enclosures and industrial
based earthworks.

4
A.P.A.C. Ltd 1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16

Brief archaeological and historical background

The name Trefil loosely translates “farm of the lesser celandine, (Owen & Morgan p. 467, 2007).

The name itself has gone through a variant of changes “Trevill” 1600-7, “Y Truvill” 1704-7, “Trevill” 1766-9,
“Treville” 1795 and finally what we know today as “Trefil” 1832, (ibid.).

The names “Trevil Du, and Trevil glas” 1828, are the names given to the hills to the east and west of the village but
“There is no evidence of a settlement of note before industrialization in the 19th century”, (ibid.).

The Trefil limestone quarries opened in the late 18th/early 19th century and were joined via a tramroad: “The
tramroad engineered by Thomas Dadford Jnr and was completed in 1796. It brought limestone from the Trefil
Quarries to the tollhouse at Trefil Machine and from there on to the respective ironworks”. CADW REF MM339.

The small hamlet would appear to have been built for the purpose of accommodation and amenities of the quarry
workers.

The search map, fig 02, shows the concentration of both Core and Event records around the site, as provided by the
HER 5360.

The HER 5360, lists some 23 core records and 4 Events.

The HER Events record appendix I, shows that two desk based assessments have been made over the years with the
first being produced by John van Laun Associates in 1994 to elucidate the history of Trefil’s limestone quarry in the
19thc iron industry.

The second by Wessex archaeology in 1998, concerning the backfill of some of the quarry.

The other two events conclude in site visits by Blaenau Gwent 2005 and GGAT over five years 2005-2010 to gather
information on the surviving ironworks landscape.

The HER 5360 Core record appendix II, shows a list of late 18th/ 19th features, buildings and finds associated with
the surviving ironworks landscape.

The property on with this report is based, is listed as a “Post-Medieval, House, RANK: 1 SUMMARY Called Rock
Cottage on 1880 map” (06770g)

One feature to the south (06918g) describes a possible bronze aged mound “Irregular shaped grassed over mound,
c20m diameter, 2m high; although it is also noted as possibly Post medieval.

Map progressions show the beginnings of the village recorded on the earliest map of the area, “Ordnance survey 1st
series, sheet 42, 1832, scale 1.63360, fig03a.

Although not the best quality picture, a few buildings are clearly visible in roughly the right area.

By 1842 the village can be seen to slowly expand with a few more structures popping up, including that of the
property in question: Brecknockshire, Llangynidr tithe map 02/06/1842. Fig 03b

As mentioned in the written scheme of investigation WSI:PS/TF/16, the building in question and its neighbour were
once thought to have been one property.

Evidence for this can be found through maps: Brecknockshire XLV.NE 1887, fig 04a. Glamorgan VI.NE 1901, fig
04b, and Brecknockshire XLVI.NE 1922. fig 04c.

During this time the properties are known as “Rock Cottage” (note singular) the name given to the property at this
time, would suggest it to be one house hold, rather than the two “Cross Brook” cottages it is today.

5
A.P.A.C. Ltd 1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16
Indeed, this name change would appear to have happened somewhere between the 1922 map, fig 04c, and the most
recent map “magic maps 2016” fig 04d.

During the same time period the village also expanded slightly to incorporate a few more buildings but not much
else has changed since 1922.

Aims and Objectives

The aim of the level II survey is to preserve by record the structure of the building, prior to demolition and in so
doing’ provide a facility for understanding the building’s historic development.

The record produced can then be used to guide the determination of the planning condition as to the final design of
refurbishment.

Methodology

The building recording survey followed the methodology defined in 5.2, Understanding Historic Buildings;
(Historic England 2016).

The methodology employed was also guided by the Standard and Guidance for the Archaeological Investigation
and Recording of Standing Buildings or Structures (CIFA 2014,).

Photographs were taking using tripod mounted, digital camera: Sony DSC F828 these were backed up with hi-
resolution smart phone cameras.

Images were recorded in both high resolution Jpeg & RAW formats.

The photographic record of the site includes general views of the exterior, the overall appearance of principle
structure and circulation areas, external and internal detail relevant to the property’s design and development.

All photographs include a scale rod where possible or practical.

Photographs illustrative of the survey are produced as annotated ‘photo cards’ in the report.

All photographs from the survey are included as a list with contact sheets in appendix I.

This report comprises a written element as defined in 4.5 Understanding Historic Buildings; (Historic England
2016).

In order to provide a brief background to the property the following sources of information were used:

GGAT HER.
Ebbw Vale County Archive
Cadw,
Various online sources.
Local knowledge.

Data Presentation

With no floor plan to work from A.P.A.C LTD took measurements using a Lecia Disto 2000 to produce the
measured floor plans used in this report: Plans showing floor layout fig 05 & Plans showing building phasing fig 06.

External description.

The cottage presents as a two story building with a partial remaining slate roof, and small extension to the back.

6
A.P.A.C. Ltd 1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16
The north eastern elevation comprises of a two story build with main central entrance D1, main window W1 to the
ground floor, and a small central window, W4 in the 1st floor.

The window W4, is situated under a quickly diminishing slate roof. (PL01)

The north eastern elevation is made from a composite of lime washed un-coursed stone, with modern red brick
finished doorway.

The entrance also features a small brick extension to the left of D1.

The extension shows remains of a window, W2, and due to major dilapidation, doorway D2 from the extension into
the house is clearly visible.

The North western gable end of the house has been rendered so none of the original brick work can be seen.

Window W6 can be seen at the 1st floor level, (PL02).

The roof above room 1 and room 4 appears to level out at a different gradient than the rest of the house providing
phasing evidence.

The front of the property; its south western elevation, features rendered walls with pebble dash finish.

The main entrance is located through door D4, left of which is a large splayed window. W3. (PL03)

The south eastern gable of the property extends to the east into its neighbour, however the front elevation extends
further than its neighbour by roughly a meter. (PL04)

Internal

The house features at total of 4 main rooms, two rooms to the north east (1 and 4) and two to the south west, (2 and
3).

Room 1 features smaller offshoots, room 5 being the small modern extension mentioned above and room 6 being a
1m wide by 2.5m deep recess under the wooden stair (cwtch), to the 1st floor; in the south eastern corner. (PL05).

This recess shows the lime plastered uncoursed stonework in the wall to the left, above a concrete floor. (PL06).

To the right, the wall has been bricked up concealing what was once the possibly original access, from room 2,
under the stair. (PL07).

Room 1 also features a large cast iron fireplace with a more modern brick mantle.

The rooms ceiling is fitted with modern machined timbers covered by the boards of the 1st floor, room 4. (PL08).

The entrance at D3, between rooms 1 and 2 on the ground floor is through thick stone walls with an external batter,
normally associated with external property walls; possibly further evidence of phasing. (PL09)

There is modern fire place within room 2, north western wall; positioned central to room, under central ceiling beam
(PL10).

In room 2, the south western wall holds a large stone, internal half splayed window, W3.

The window splays to a point within the stone wall ending at the original width.

The stone walls are then encased by modern brick and rendered (and in the case of the front elevation Pebble
dashed) (PL11).

Set between W3 and D4 is a structural beam and partial room divide.

The front entrance is fitted with a wooden door and transom under a bubble glassed fanlight. (PL12).

7
A.P.A.C. Ltd 1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16
Access to the 1st floor is gained up a wooden, carpeted flight of stairs from room 2.

The stairs have been fitted with a single brick formation partition on the ground floor, (PL13), and a wood and
plaster partition between stair and room 3 on the 1st floor.

The roof of room 3 has completely disappeared at this point, as has much of the south western wall.

In the north western gable end, a small chamfered window is present, W6 (PL15).

To the south west are the partial remains of another partially splayed internal window, W7; much like the one
directly below in room 2, ground floor, however, in this instance remains of wooden frame are present. (PL16).

From room 3 the gable end roof of the neighbouring property can be seen and it can be assumed that these
properties were once one and the same, (PL17).

The single roof structure as suggested by the remaining evidence reveals a smaller building with a possible
extension of the north eastern elevation; rooms 1 and 4.

Room 4 consists of a low ceilinged, room to the northeast of the second floor under a single pitch roof.

The room is accessed from the stair well and the doorway D5, shows the exposed walls as uncoursed stones of the
original building outer wall. (PL18).

The room features one small wooden framed window that still retains its glass, within a small blocked up hollow
within the gable wall.

This window can only be seen from inside the room as the external rendered wall shows no evidence of it. (PL19).

The north eastern wall features an internally splayed window with wooden frame.

The sill is quite low to the ground and the lintel would have extended to the lowered ceiling, making this rooms
height quite low and not in keeping with the rest of the house. (PL20)

Phasing

The house seems to have originally been a one up one down construct, built of uncoursed plastered stone and
originally the north western gable end of both the properties.

The evidence gathered to support this theory are the many changes made internally and externally throughout the
house:

The blocked in door within room 6 under the stair suggests the room once lead into room 2. (PL07).

The roof structure above room 3, is concurrent with the neighbouring property, suggesting the original structure of
the roof. (PL04) (PL21)

The roof above room 4 shows the lowering/levelling out of the roof structure between builds, not in keeping with
that of room 3.

The structural walls within doorways D3 (between room 1 & 2), (PL09) and within D5 (between rooms 3 & 4)
(PL18), are much thicker than the rest of the build suggesting that these where once external walls; further
evidenced by the wall batter of D3.

Once the building had incorporated all the rooms, the external walls to the property where surrounded by a further
layer of brick (probably as insulation), then with the case of the north western and south western walls rendered,
(PL02).

This can be evidenced through the sudden end of the deep set splays for the window before the edge of the wall.

The brick and lime plastered extension to the north eastern elevation is the latest phase of the build.

8
A.P.A.C. Ltd 1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16

Archive

The original archive will be retained by APAC. Ltd.

Secondary archives consisting of a hard copy of the report with a digital copy of the complete data and photographs
be deposited with the County Records Office in Ebbw Vale and with The Royal Commission on Ancient and
Historical Monuments Aberystwyth.

Digital copies of the report will be forwarded to the client, planning and the HER, held by Glamorgan Gwent
Archaeological Trust.

Acknowledgements:

I would like to thank the client Mr Morris for his help and information.

Copyright

A.P.A.C. Ltd will retain full copyright of any reports and specialist reports, under the Copyright, Designs and
Patents Act of 1988 with all rights reserved.

A.P.A.C. Ltd hereby gives permission for the monitoring authority to use any documentation directly relating to the
project as described in this Project Design.

9
A.P.A.C. Ltd 1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16

Bibliography and References:

English Heritage Management of Archaeological Projects (1991).

Chartered Institute of
Archaeologists.
Code of Conduct and the Code of Approved Practice for the
regulation of Contractual Arrangements in Field Archaeology. 2014.

Standards and Guidance for the collection, documentation,


conservation and research of archaeological materials. 2014.

Standards and Guidance for the archaeological investigation and


recording of standing buildings and structures, 2014

GGAT BLG0174/JB, RE: Demolition Of Existing Semi-Detached Cottage And


Associated Outbuildings And Construction Of A New Detached Two Story
House: 1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil, Tredegar. PlApp.No: 2015/0181.

Historic England Understanding Historic Buildings, 2016

Hywel Wyn Owen Dictionary of the Place-Names of Wales. Gomer press, 2007, Llandysul,
Ceredigion, SA44 4JL.
Richard Morgan

CDS, Construction
Design Service House at Brook Cottages

12.153 Existing Elevations DRW No 203, August 2014

The Society of Museum


Archaeologists Towards An Accessible Archive (1995)

United Kingdom
Institute for
Conservation.
(Archaeology Section) Guidelines for the Preparation of Excavation Archives for Long-Term
Storage (1990)

Online Sources consulted:

https://www.bgs.ac.uk/
http://cynefin.archiveswales.org.uk/en/tithe-maps/
http://www.magic.gov.uk
http://www.nls.uk
http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk

A.P.A.C. Registered Address: 36 Hatherleigh Rd, Abergavenny Monmouthshire NP7 7RG.


Tel: 07734962919. Mobile: 07734962919 Email: apac.philips@btinternet.com
Company Registration No 5041541 VAT Reg No 826 3628 19
Director: Dr. N. Phillips D.Phil.BA (Hons).Cert Ed/FE. CIFA.

10
1 Cross Brook Cottages,Trefil.Tredegar.

Ordnance Survey has granted A.P.A.C. Ltd Copyright Licence (No. 100046577)
Fig 01: Location
A.P.A.C. Ltd WSI:WB/CBC/16
Ordnance Survey has granted A.P.A.C. Ltd Copyright Licence (No. 100046577)
1 Cross Brook Cottages,Trefil.

A.P.A.C. Ltd BS/TF/16


Fig 02: HER map
1 Cross brook cottages, Trefil, Tredegar

The Ordnance Survey has granted A.P.A.C. Ltd a Copyright Licence (No. 100046577)
N

Fig 03a: Ordnance survey first series, sheet 42, 1832, 1.63360

Fig 03b: Brecknockshire, Llangynidr tithe map 02/06/1842 A.P.A.C. Ltd BS/TF/16
1 Cross brook cottages, Trefil, Tredegar

The Ordnance Survey has granted A.P.A.C. Ltd a Copyright Licence (No. 100046577)
Fig 04a: Brecknockshire XLV.NE, Surveyed 1873-1885. Fig 04b: Glamorgan VI.NE, Revised 1898, Published 1901
N
Published 1887

Fig 04c: Brecknockshire XLVI.NE, Surveyed 1915. Fig 04d: Magic Maps, 2015
A.P.A.C. Ltd PS/TF/16
Published 1922
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil.

N Ground floor 1st floor

W1
W5
D1 W4
W6
D3 R1 R4
W2
D2 R5

D6 D5
R2
D7 R3

W3 W7
R6

D4

Internal walls

External walls

Windows

Doors
0 5 10

..... Property divide


M

Fig 05: Property plans A.P.A.C. Ltd BS/TF/16


1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil.

N Ground floor 1st floor

Phase 1 original structure

Phase 2 Later editon


Phase 3 small extention

0 5 10

Fig 06: Property phases A.P.A.C. Ltd BS/TF/16


Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16 312172, 212608 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09722 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
South West

0 5 10
Reason for image North eastern elevation. Back of house. D1, D2, W1, W4 and partial W2.
M Remains of extension. Remains of collapsed roof

Plate 01
A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16 312172, 212608 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09724 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
South

0 5 10
Reason for image Corner of north eastern elevation and north western gable end. Rendered
M walls. W6 of upstairs room 3. Possible edition of building extension
evidenced by slope of roof.

Plate 02
A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16 312172, 212608 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09745 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
EAST

0 5 10
Reason for image General, front of house elevation and north western gable end
M

Plate 03
A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16 312172, 212608 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09746 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
North

0 5 10 Reason for image General, front elevation of property and its relation to its neighbour.
M
Once one building.

Plate 04
A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16 312172, 212608 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09727 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South

0 5 10 Reason for image Room 6 under stair in room 2 accessed from room 1.
M

Plate 05
A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16 312172, 212608 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09726 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South West

0 5 10
Reason for image Room 6 under stair, lime plastered stone and brick walls. square brick
M entrance to right. Possibly original entrance before house extension..

Plate 06
A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16 312172, 212608 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09728 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South West Reason for image Room 6, square bricked up entrance to right. Possibly original entrance
before house extension.
N

0 5 10

Plate 07
A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16 312172, 212608 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09729 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North West Reason for image North western gale end, room 1. Cast iron fireplace, with brick mantle.
Wall recesses to either side. Under machine timbered ceiling
N

0 5 10

Plate 08

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16 312172, 212608 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09730 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South West Reason for image D3 from room 1 to room 2. Note thickness of wall and batter. Suggests
original external wall
N

0 5 10

Plate 09

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16 312172, 212608 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09732 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North West

0 5 10

Reason for image Room 2 north western gable end, modern wall papered wall and stone fire
place. Fire place and stack brought forward.
M

Plate 10

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16 312172, 212608 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09733 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South West

0 5 10

Reason for image Room 2, south western elevation. D4 to left of structural pillar. W3 large
internally splayed window to the right. Only splayed on one side
M

Plate 11

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16 312172, 212608 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09734 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South West Reason for image Room 2, D4 a modern six panelled door with transom and modern bubbled
glass fanlight
N

0 5 10

Plate 12
A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16 312172, 212608 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09735 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
East Reason for image Modern wood panel staircase with carpeting. Room 2 up to rooms 3 and 4

0 5 10

Plate 13

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16 312172, 212608 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09741 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South East

0 5 10
Reason for image Modern timber and plaster wall divide between room 3 and stairs.
M

Plate 14
A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16 312172, 212608 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09736 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North West Reason for image North western gable end, W6. Small window with upward splay

0 5 10

Plate 15

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16 312172, 212608 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09739 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South West

0 5 10

Reason for image South western gable end. W7 internally splayed window with remains of
wooden frame. Window splay only on one side, as with W3
M

Plate 16

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16 312172, 212608 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09740 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South East

Property divide. remains of roof and chimney stack above neighbouring building.
0 5 10
Reason for image
M
Properties originally built as one

Plate 17
A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16 312172, 212608 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09738 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North East Reason for image D5 into room 4. Exposed original stonework in wall between rooms and
around doorway
N

0 5 10

Plate 18
A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16 312172, 212608 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09742 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North West Reason for image Room 4, small window (W5) in recess to left of room 1 chimney stack
continuation. Only visible from inside. External blocked up. Note slope of roof.
N

0 5 10

Plate 19
A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16 312172, 212608 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09743 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North East

0 5 10
Reason for image Room 4, W4, central splayed window. Wooden sill and frame with metal
M locking clasp.

Plate 20
A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
1 Cross Brook Cottages, Trefil BS/TF/16 312172, 212608 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09744 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
South

0 5 10
Reason for image General. Properties layout and roof structure..
M

Plate 21
A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
A.P.A.C. Ltd. Appendix I BS/TF/16

HER Report 5360. Event Record

PRN NAME Event Contractor Year NGR


GGATE004057 Trevil Quarries A Preliminary Report on Desk Based John van Laun 1994 SO1206512631
the Archaeology of a Limestone Quarry Assessment Associates
Worked for Iron and Steel Production
GGATE005296 Trefil Quarries FIELD VISIT Blaenau Gwent County 2005 SO1173513795
Council
GGATE003993 Trefil Quarry, Tredegar Desk Based Wessex Archaeology 1998 SO1220013300
Assessment
GGATE000954 Southeast Wales Industrial Ironworks Project Glamorgan-Gwent 2005- SO0965205462
Project Archaeological Trust 2010
(GGAT)

Contractors:

JVL John van Laun Associates


BGCC Blaenau Gwent County Council.
WA Wessex Archaeology
GGAT Glamorgan Gwent Archaeological Trust
A.P.A.C. Ltd. Appendix II BS/TF/16

HER Report 5360. Core Record

PRN NAME Period Site type NGR


GGAT02955g BRYN OER TRAMROAD SURVEYING MOUND Post-Medieval Mound SO1196312911
GGAT05223.0g TQ 8 Post-Medieval Railway SO12001315
GGAT05269.1g SITE WA3 Post-Medieval Tunnel SO1228512955
GGAT05900g SITE WA2 Post-Medieval Earthwork SO1221513060
GGAT05901g SITE WA4 Post-Medieval Enclosure SO1228612960
GGAT05902g SITE WA5 Post-Medieval Earthwork SO1228712965
GGAT05903g SITE WA6 Post-Medieval Earthwork SO1232412954
GGAT05904g SITE WA7 Post-Medieval Earthwork SO1234513045
GGAT05905g SITE WA8 Post-Medieval Enclosure SO1251012910
GGAT05906g Earthwork Post-Medieval Earthwork SO12501241
GGAT06765g WELSH INDEPENDENT CHAPEL Post-Medieval Chapel SO12021269
GGAT06766g QUARRYMAN'S ARMS Post-Medieval Public house SO11981289
GGAT06767g PEN-Y-LAN Post-Medieval Building SO12051305
GGAT06768g SITE of Lime kiln, Trefil Village Post-Medieval Lime kiln SO12111291
GGAT06770g CROSS BROOK COTTAGES Post-Medieval House SO12171260
GGAT06771g Terraced houses Trefil village Post-Medieval House SO12051259
GGAT06772g Building, Trefil village Post-Medieval Building SO12111256
GGAT06773g Building and tank, Trefil village Post-Medieval Building SO12111236
GGAT06774g Duplicate Record - - SO11991289
GGAT06775g BLAEN-SIRHOWY Post-Medieval Farm SO12511293
GGAT06918g Mound Bronze Age Mound SO1215012240
GGAT08853.0g Bryn Oer Tramroad Post-Medieval Tramway SO11401414
GGAT08873g HOREB INDEPENDENT CHAPEL, TREFIL Post-Medieval Chapel SO1202312678
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix IV Digital photograph list BS/TF/16

Photo no Date Camera L or P View Description Plate


DSC09722 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 L SW North eastern elevation. Back of house. D1, D2, W1, W4 and partial W2. Remains of extension. Remains of collapsed roof PL01
DSC09723 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 L SW Repeat of DSC09722, painted stonework, exposed brick doorway, exposed modern cement walls of extension.
DSC09724 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 L S Corner of north eastern elevation and north western gable end. Rendered walls. W6 of upstairs room 3. Possible edition of building PL02
extension evidenced by slope of roof.
DSC09725 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 L NE South western front elevation. Pebble dashed rendered walls. D4 and W3 of room 2. Behind modern fencing
DSC09726 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 L SW Room 6 under stair lime plastered stone and brick walls. square brick entrance to right. Possibly original entrance before house extension. PL06
DSC09727 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 L S Room 6 under stair in room 2 accessed from room 1. PL05
DSC09728 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 P SW Room 6, square bricked up entrance to right. Possibly original entrance before house extension. PL07
DSC09729 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 P NW North western gale end, room 1. Cast iron fireplace, with brick mantle. Wall recesses to either side. Under machine timbered ceiling PL08
DSC09730 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 P SW D3 from room 1 to room 2. Note thickness of wall and batter. Suggests original external wall PL09
DSC09731 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 P NW Room 2 north western gable end, modern wall papered wall and stone fire place.
DSC09732 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 L N Room 2 north western gable end, modern wall papered wall and stone fire place. Fire place and stack brought forward. PL10
DSC09733 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 L SW Room 2, south western elevation. D4 to left of structural pillar. W3 large internally splayed window to the right. Only splayed on one side PL11
DSC09734 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 P SW Room 2, D4 a modern six panelled do with transom and modern bubbled glass fanlight PL12
DSC09735 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 P E Modern wood panel staircase with carpeting. Room 2 up to rooms 3 and 4 PL13
DSC09736 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 P NW North western gable end, W6. Small window with upward splay PL15
DSC09737 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 L NE D5 into room 4. Only remains of roofing.
DSC09738 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 P NE D5 into room 4. Exposed original stonework in wall between rooms and around doorway PL18
DSC09739 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 L SW South western gable end. W7 internally splayed window with remains of wooden frame. Window splay only on one side, as with W3 PL16
DSC09740 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 L SE Property divide. remains of roof and chimney stack above neighbouring building., Properties originally built as one PL17
DSC09741 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 L SE Modern timber and plaster wall divide between room 3 and stairs. PL14
DSC09742 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 P N Room 4, small window (W5) in recess to left of room 1 chimney stack continuation. Only visible from inside. External blocked up. Note PL19
slope of roof.
DSC09743 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 L NE Room 4, W4, central splayed window. Wooden sill and frame with metal locking clasp. PL20
DSC09744 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 L S General. Properties layout and roof structure. PL21
DSC09745 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 L E General, front of house elevation and north western gable end PL03
DSC09746 06/10/16 SONY DSC-F828 L N General, front elevation of property and its relation to its neighbour. Once one building. PL04