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SECO SECO

Desiccant/enthalpy/
dehumidification rotors

·KLINGENBURG
E N E R G Y R E C O ·KLINGENBURG
V E R Y
Desiccant/enthalpy/dehumidification rotor SECO
SECO

4000
Desiccant rotor SECO
3500
for dehumification and total energy recovery
3000
The desiccant rotor SECO is a further development of the
traditional energy recovery rotor. The matrix is constructed of
2500
cellulose. It has a very high capacity for moisture absorption.
2000
It absorbs moisture from the process air which flows through
the matrix. By rotation the moisture is transfered by the
1500
counterflow principle.
1000
SECO is characterised by a very high sorption and desorption
speed and a high specific capacity while the sorption energy
500
heat capacity is low.

The advantages of sorption-based air conditioning

· Reduction of installed electrical load. Outside air


· Recirculation of air not necessary - purely outside-air mode
is possible.
· Simple, energy-efficient integration of compression-type
refrigeration systems possible.
· The SECO can be used as a sorption regenerator at low
speeds (max. 20 rph) for air dehumidification with heater. Leaving air Supply air
- Utilization of cheap surplus heat, e.g. unused transmitted
heat or solar energy in the 40 to 70°C (104 to 158°F)
temperature range.
· The SECO can be used as an enthalpy regenerator at higher
speeds (max. 10 rpm)
Extract air
- Moisture recovery economizes on humidifier output.

Separation of cooling and dehumidification Advantages

In summer, the SECO drying rotor can be used in combination · The SECO sorption/enthalpy regenerator is safe in health
with compression-type refrigeration systems for terms.
dehumidification of outside air. · The lithium chloride used as the sorbent has a bactericidal
· The evaporator in the intake air flow is used only for cooling effect, perfect from the hygienic point of view.
of incoming air. · Cellulose-based rotor matrix / no migration of fibres -
· In summer, incoming air is not dried by means of tempera- therefore no materials damaging to the human lung.
tures below the dewpoint at the evaporator, thus achieving · No danger of icing up
higher evaporation temperatures, higher performance figures
· Absorption, thus no formation of odours.
(up to 25 %) for the refrigeration set, and permitting smaller
refrigeration systems in the air-conditioner. · Desiccant rotor for both applications: total energy recovery
and dehumidification with - or without additional regeneration
· Energy-savings thanks to reduction of installed electrical
air heating.
load.
· Moisture transfer up to 1200 kg/h / 2650 lb/h (SECO 4000
· No need for additional incoming-air reheat.
with 60000 m³/h (35000 cfm) at 22°C(72°F)/40%r.H. extract
· Improved conditions for the use of space-cooling surfaces, air, 35°C(95°F)/80%r.H. outside air)
·KLINGENBURG
e.g. cooling blankets.
2
Applications of the SECO
SECO

Mollier-diagramm for altitude 0 m / 0ft Psychometric chart for altitude 0 m / 0ft


100 50 30 20 15 10
Enthalpy recovery /
5
total energy recovery

Relative humidity [%]


10 30
180

Relative humidity [%]


80 200
15
160 70
20 25 · Energy recovery with high
140 60
30 efficiencies in heat and
150
120 50 40
20
moisture transfer.
50
40 70
· Total efficiency up to 85%
100

30
100 15 5 · Operation with speed 10rpm
100
80
20
60 10
10
40 50
Absolute humidity

0
5
Tempertature

20
-10
[gr/lb]

[g/kg]
[°F]

[°C]

0
-20 0 0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 [g/kg] -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 [°C]
0
0 50 100 150 200 [gr/lb] 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 [°F]
Absolute humidity Temperature

Mollier-diagramm for altitude 0 m / 0ft Psychometric chart for altitude 0 m / 0ft Enthalpy exchange /
100 50 30 20 15 10
5 dehumidification
Relative humidity [%]

10 30
180

Relative humidity [%]


80 200
15
160 70
20 25 · At high outside humidities,
140 60
30
high dehumidification
150
50 40
20
capacity without any
120
50
additional heat requirement
40 70
100
100 5
· Total efficiency up to 85%
15
30 100
80 · Operation with speed 10rpm
20
60 10
10
40 50
Absolute humidity

0
5
Tempertature

20
-10
[gr/lb]

[g/kg]
[°F]

[°C]

0
-20 0 0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 [g/kg] -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 [°C]
0
0 50 100 150 200 [gr/lb] 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 [°F]
Absolute humidity Temperature

Mollier-diagramm for altitude 0 m / 0ft Psychometric chart for altitude 0 m / 0ft Dehumidification
100 50 30 20 15 10
5
Relative humidity [%]

10 30
180
Relative humidity [%]

80 200
15 · Dehumidification at low
160 70
20 25 differences of absolute
140 60
30
entry humidity with
150
50 40
20
additional heater.
120
50
40 70
· High dehumidification
100
100 15 5
capacity with low additional
30
80
100 heat requirement,
20 temperatures up to 70°C
60
10
10
(158°F) are sufficient.
40 50 · Operation with speed 20rph
Absolute humidity

0
5
Tempertature

20
-10
[gr/lb]

[g/kg]
[°F]

[°C]

0
-20 0 0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 [g/kg] -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 [°C]

·KLINGENBURG
0
0 50 100 150 200 [gr/lb] 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 [°F]
Absolute humidity Temperature 3
Technical informations
SECO

The matrix The housing

· Ends protected by means of syntetic-resin-based edge


reinforcements.
· The utilisation of waste heat and district heat for the heating
of regeneration air is possible.
· The matrix material cellulose is a natural product, which has
a natural shrinkage and extensibility.
Thus temporary irregularities may occur. This effect has no
influence on function and stability of the rotor matrix.

Frame structure

· Low weight combined with high stability thanks to tried and


proven corrosion-resistant rectangular-section aluminium
frame structure.
· Frames available in all sizes to permit individual matching
with system dimensions.
· Horizontal or vertical division of air flows possible as
required.
Drive

Sealing system

· A special flexible contact-sealing system guarantees


minimum leakage.

The purge section

· To prevent the transfer of waste air to the fresh air supply


through simultaneous rotation, the SECO can be equipped
with a purge section.
· In order to guarantee the correct function of the purge
section, a lower pressure from the exhaust air into the supply
air in the system has to be taken into consideration.

· Rotor is driven by a three-phase synchronous motor the


rotational speed of which is adjusted by means of a
frequency inverter.
· Drive can be changed over to dehumidification operation with
heater (max. 20 rph rotational speed) or enthalpy operation
(max. 10 rpm).
· Self-tensioning V-belt through motor rocker plate for rotor
drive.
·KLINGENBURG 4
Further informations
SECO

Diagram in principle of a DEC system The water-absorption of various


Klingenburg
Heater base materials
Leaving Humidifier
Extract air
air 7 6 5
9 8
50

40
Outside Supply
air airt

g water/100 g rotor
30
1 2 3 4 20
10
SECO Heat regenerator Klingenburg
Humidifier 0
Li-rotor Silica-gel Molecular LiCl-cellulose-
rotor sieve rotor
Mollier-diagramm for altitude 0 m / 0ft
5
Relative humidity [%]

10
180
80 60
15
160
8 SECO
70 50
20

140 60 40
2 9 30
40
120 50 30
7 50
20
g Wasser/m²

40 70
100
1 100
10
30 3
80 5
20 0
60 4 Molecular Silica-gel Anhydride LiCl-cellulose
10 6 sieve
40
0
Tempertature

20
-10 Economic benefits
[°F]

[°C]

0
-20
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 [g/kg] · The SECO improves cost/benefit ratio, despite the fact that it
0 50 100 150 200 [gr/lb] is a high-investment component.
Absolute humidity
· Energy-savings all over the year, due to recovery of cooling
Psychometric chart for altitude 0 m / 0ft thermal energy and moisture transfer.
100 50 30 20 15 10
30 · Lower regeneration temperatures than most other rotors.
200
· Primary-energy efficiency better than in conventional air-
25
conditioning systems.
· At high outside-air humidities ("sultry" weather), SECO
150
9 achieves high dehumidification without additional heat.
20

SECO

15 5
100
1 Layout
10 6 7 8
5 Comprehensive measurements were performed at the
50
4 institute for Air and Refrigeration Engineering in Dresden/
Absolute humidity

5
Germany, to determine and optimize the system’s
3 performance; the results were used for development of our
[gr/lb]

[g/kg]

2
0 0
computer software. Please contact our quotation depar tment
-20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 [°C] to obtain a calculation.
0

·KLINGENBURG
20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 [°F]
5
SECO sizes
SECO

SECO 600-800 SECO 2000 SECO sizes

SECO-type Rotor dia. Height Width Depth


[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]
600 495 600 750 450
800 695 800 900 450
1000 895 1000 1000 450
1250 1160 1250 1250 450
1500 1410 1500 1500 450
1750 1660 1750 1750 450
2000 1910 2000 2000 450
2250 2120 2250 2250 490
2500 2370 2500 2500 490
SECO 1000 SECO 2250
2750 2630 2750 2750 490
SECO 2500 undivided 3000 2800 3000 3000 560
3250 3050 3250 3250 560
3500 3300 3500 3500 560
3750 3550 3750 3750 560
4000 3750 4000 4000 600
Note: Above SECO size 2500 matrix and housing are divided

Further sizes on request!

Diagram for selection of a suitable SECO size

26000 45000
[m³/h]
SECO 1250-1750 SECO 2500-3000 [cfm] 40000
22000
divided 20000 35000
18000 30000
16000
14000 25000

12000 20000
10000
8000 15000
6000 10000
Air volume

4000
5000
2000
0 0
0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000
Matrix diameter [mm]

250
[in W.G.] [Pa]
We would be glad 0.8 200

to perform a computer design 0.6 150


Pressure loss

and economy calculation to 0.4 100


DIN standards for you. 0.2 50
Just contact us! 0
0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 [m/s]

100 200 300 400 500 [fpm] Face air velocity

·KLINGENBURG 6
We reserve the right to introduce technical changes and
alterations without prior notice / 05-2004
SECO

Klingenburg GmbH
Boystrasse 115
D-45968 Gladbeck/Germany
Telephone +49 - 20 43 - 96 36 - 0
Telefax +49 - 20 43 - 7 23 62
e-mail: klingenburg@klingenburg.de
www.klingenburg.de ·KLINGENBURG