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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

CHAPTER 1

HISTORY OF TACLOBAN CITY

ITS BEGINNINGS

Tacloban developed from a


small fishing village, a barrio of
Basey, Samar. It became a major
trading town in the late 18th
century. At that time, the place was
known as Kankabatok - meaning
belonging to Kabatok, because its
most prominent inhabitant was
named Kabatok. The change of
name came about in this manner:
Kankabatok was a favorite haunt
for fishermen. They would use a
bamboo tray called "taklub" to
catch crabs or shrimps. When
asked where they were going the
fishermen would answer, "to
tarakluban", which meant the place
where they used "taklub" to catch
crabs. Later, the name was
shortened to Tacloban.

It is not definitely known


when Tacloban became a
municipality because records
supporting this fact were destroyed
during a typhoon. It is commonly
believed that Tacloban was
officially proclaimed a municipality
in 1770.

Since then Tacloban


became a trading point between
the two provinces because of its
strategic location. On February 26,
1830, Tacloban became the capital
of Leyte because of the ideal location
of its port which is well sheltered and
had adequate facilities.

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

BEFORE AND DURING THE WAR

On January 31, 1900 General Kohe arrived with an American team to


negotiate a cease-fire and surrender of the province. He was firmly refused. On the
following day armies stormed the trenches and by 2:00 PM, the province was in
American hands. General Mojica and his men fled to the interior towns and it took a
long time for the Americans to cajole every town until every revolucianario had
surrendered. Mojica and Lukban eventually yielded to American sovereignty. Captain
Leon Rojas, Sr. surrendered last and was later designated chief of Police of
Tacloban. A company of American soldiers was placed under his command.

In February 1901, the first American military governor of Leyte, Col. Murray,
assumed office. He opened the Tacloban port to world commerce, especially for
copra and abaca, which were exported in large quantities. Before World War II,
Tacloban was the center of commerce, education, social and cultural activities in
Leyte. The educational institutions were: Leyte Normal School, now the Leyte
Normal University; Leyte High School now known as the Leyte National High School;
Leyte Trade School which today is the Eastern Visayas State College; Holy Infant
Academy, which is now Holy Infant College and the Tacloban Catholic Institute now
Liceo del Verbo Divino.

With American military rule over, Taclobanons who were trained in the art of
self-government took over the reins of the administration. Catalino Tarcela became
the first provincial governor. There were others who were responsible for the
progress and development of Tacloban. Among them were Lodovico Salazar, known
to all as Capitan Lodo, the first public teacher of the town . Lodovico Basilio, known
as Capitan Bigong, and Capitan Martin Hidalgo.

On May 25, 1942, Japanese Forces landed in Tacloban and started a three-
year Japanese occupation of Leyte. The Japanese forces fortified Tacloban,
improved its airfield and established San Pedro Bay as a port of call and entry for the
Japanese Imperial Naval Forces. During the Japanese occupation, many guerilla
forces were organized and the most famous was the group of Colonel Ruperto
Kangleon.

On October 20, 1944, General Douglas MacArthur and his troops landed in
Leyte. Also known as Battle of Leyte Gulf, the largest naval war in the pacific during
World War II.
The Allied forces landed in Tacloban (White Beach) -Palo (Red Beach) and Dulag
(Blue Beach) and eventually liberated these towns from the Japanese Forces after 3
days of heavy battle.

On October 23, 1944, Tacloban City was safely back in American hands.
General MacArthur announced the establishment of the Philippine Civil Government
on the steps of the provincial capitol. He installed Sergio Osmeña Sr. as the
president in the presence of Lt. General Walter Krueger, Lt. Gen. Richard Sutherland
and Col. Ruperto Kangleon with a guard of honor consisting of First Lt. John Gregory
. After the liberation, Tacloban's first appointed mayor was Paulo Jaro. The
inauguration of the Republic of the Philippines saw Epifanio Aguirre as mayor of
Tacloban.

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

FROM A MUNICIPALITY TO A COMPONENT CAPITAL CITY

After the war, the municipality of Tacloban was now a booming locality as it
became the center of trade and industry owing to its strategic location. Traders and
businessmen opened their respective businesses in the municipality as Tacloban
evolved to become an economic potential for commerce.

On June 20, 1952, Tacloban was proclaimed a chartered city by virtue of


Republic Act No. 760 which took effect on June 12, 1953. The charter was signed by
President Elpidio Quirino and witnessed by then incumbent Mayor, Ildefonso Cinco,
who apparently became the first City Mayor.

On June 30, 1954, the Feast Day of Sr. Sto. Niño, Patron Saint of Tacloban,
Speaker of the House of Representatives Jose B. Laurel did the honor of laying the
cornerstone for the Tacloban City Hall at Kanhuraw Hill. As a new city, Tacloban
attracted businessmen looking for sound investment prospects while people from
neighboring towns slowly began to look for opportunities and laid roots in the city.

Artemio E. Mate, the second City Mayor of Tacloban City succeeded Hon.
Ildefonso Cinco who became Governor of the Province of Leyte. The decade of the
60's ushered new developments. During the late 60's and the early 70's Tacloban
City was gradually changing from a less obvious to a remarkable city. Government
institutions and cultural awareness were created and established such as the
National Maritime Polytechnic, UP Tacloban, Sto. Niño Shrine and the People's
Center and Library, and others were established in the City. The construction of the
San Juanico Bridge, Maharlika Highway, the improvement of the DZR Airport and the
Tacloban Sea Port and many other infrastructure projects promoted Tacloban City to
the business sector and to the national and foreign investors.

On September 24, 1972, Tacloban became a part of the Integrated


Reorganization Plan by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 1 of the New Society under
Proclamation 1081 declaring Martial Law in the Philippines. During the time, Mayor
Filomeno Arteche was the incumbent mayor

On May 12, 1976, President Marcos appointed Obdulia R. Cinco as Mayor of


Tacloban City and was returned to the seat when she won in the local elections on
January 30, 1980 becoming the first elected lady mayor of Tacloban City.

After the 1986 EDSA Revolution, President Corazon Aquino was replaced
Mayor Cinco and appointed Emmanuel K. Veloso as OIC Mayor who stayed until
the elections of 1988. Uldarico E. Mate ,the younger brother of former mayor Artemio
E. Mate, won the elections and became the first elected mayor after the EDSA
Revolution.

Mayor Uldarico E. Mate was given a mandate of three terms as mayor of


Tacloban City. During his term, Tacloban evolved in terms of economic, social and
infrastructure development as Tacloban was categorized as a First Class City. The
business sector's confidence in the economic standing of the city boosted its
prospects and local and international entrepreneurs became interested to put up
businesses in the city. The last term of Mayor Mate ended in June 1998.

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

On June 30, 1998, Alfredo T. Romualdez began his term as City Mayor. June
12, 2003, was a golden day for Tacloban City as it celebrated its Golden Anniversary
with fitting rites and activities with Mayor Alfredo T. Romualdez at its helm.
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Celebrating the 50 anniversary of Tacloban's cityhood showed the long trail of
significant activities leading to the present status of Tacloban by which economic,
infrastructural and social gains were achieved. His term ended in June 2007.

On June 30, 2007 Alfred S. Romualdez was sworn in as mayor after after he
won in the mayoralty race held on May, 2007 elections. Mayor Alfred S. Romualdez
prepared Tacloban City for its conversion from a component city to a highly
urbanized city. On October 15, 2008, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo declared
Tacloban City a Highly Urbanized City by virtue of Presidential Proclamation No.
1637 which was ratified by a unanimous Yes vote on December 18, 2008, officially
converting Tacloban from a component city to a highly urbanized city.

Tacloban City has now emerged from its dependency from the Province of
Leyte. From its modest beginnings, Tacloban City has grown to be the premier city
of Eastern Visayas, gateway of the region and the center of commerce, trade and
industry, education, and communication and technology. Now, as a Highly
Urbanized City, economic opportunities for its people and the nearby municipalities
eventually flowed unhampered.

THE COUNTRY’S WORST DISASTER

On November 8, 2013 super typhoon Yolanda (category 5 tyhoon) with


maximum winds reaching 378 kph hit several municipalities and cities in the Visayas
region. The hardest hit was Tacloban City wherein houses, infrastuctures, utilities
were damaged. The storm surge hit the city like no other reaching 10 to 20 feet
high.

After the typhoon there was no there were no food, water, medicines, shelter,
communcations and power, and everywhere were lifeless bodies . Tacloban City
alone suffered casualty that reached more than 2,000 dead and several hundreds
missing.

On the third day after storm, food, water and facilities arrived to include
medical personnel from other LGU and international communities came to help. The
assistance and prayers were gladly welcomed and received by the people of
Tacloban and because of the help of the international community, NGOs, private
citizens, national and sevaral local agencies, the city eventually recovered.

On June 30, 2016 Mayor Alfred S. Romualdez three term mandate ended.
Before ending his term, his wife, Cristina G. Romualdez won in the mayoralty race
during the May, 2016 elections. She would obviously succeed and continue the
vision that her husband have for Tacloban City and the goal to make it into a clean,
green, resilient and progressive city.

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

CHAPTER 2

GEO-PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT

2.1 GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION AND AREA

Tacloban City is located in the northeastern part of the Island of Leyte, one of
the islands in Eastern Visayas or Region 8. It lays 11 degrees 14’ 38.19” north
latitude and 125 degrees 0’ 18.24” East longitude and is situated about 580
kilometers southwest of Manila.

Tacloban's original land area was 10,297.29 hectares. A survey in 1977 by


the Bureau of Lands disclosed that a certain portion of the municipality of Babatngon
was actually a part of Tacloban City. Barangay Sta. Elena in the northern part of
Tacloban City which is adjacent to the Municipality of Babatngon increased the land
area by 556 hectares. In 2004, the Department of Environment and Natural
Resources (DENR-LMB) disclosed that the total larea of Tacloban, as submitted in
Resolution No. 99-001 and reiterated under Circular Letter No. 2001-21, is recorded
at 20,172 hectares that included the small islands, water bodies within the territorial
bounds of the city.

2.2 LAND CLASSIFICATION

Tacloban City’s land


classification starts from the ridge
to reef passing through the
different micro-watersheds whose
status is at risk considering the
new climatic phenomena and
urbanization. The timberland areas
claim 40.00% (4,204.18 hectares)
while alienable and disposable
(A&D) land constitutes 60.00%
(6,306.68 has.) of the total city
inland jurisdiction

Table 2.2.1 Land Classification

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

2.3 CLIMATE

Climate in the city is classified by Tacloban PAGASA as falling between the


boundary of Type II and Type IV which indicates that there is no dry season and no
pronounced period for maximum rainfall which normally runs from July to December,
but that rainfall is more or less evenly distributed throughout the year except on
adverse periods where there is La Niña or El Niño.

As demonstrated in Table 1, the month of December, 2015 registered the


highest rainfall with 468.70 mm. In the adverse, the driest month was in May
registering only 5.00mm of rainfall. Hereunder is Table 1, showing the Mean
Monthly Rainfall for year 2015.

Also as demonstrated in Table 1, the month of March, 2015 registered the


lowest temperature with 20.70 degrees centigrade while the highest temperature
was in May recorded at 34.70 centigrade. Hereunder is Table 1, showing the Mean
Monthly in Temperature for year 2015.

Table 2.3.1 Monthly Averages for 2015

Mean Average Total


Month Highest Lowest Relative Wind Monthly
Temp. Temp. In Humidity Speed & Rainfall
In °C °C Direction in mm
In mps
January 32.0 21.8 91 1 / NE 419.80
February 32.5 20.9 82 2 / NE 142.20
March 33.0 20.7 80 1 / WNW 66.70
April 34.5 23.1 79 2 / SE 64.60
May 34.7 24.0 77 2 / SE 5.00
June 33.8 24.4 84 2 / NE 274.50
July 34.5 23.0 84 1 / SW 37.50
August 33.7 23.5 75 1 / NE 143.40
September 33.2 24.2 82 1 / NW 254.40
October 34.2 23.8 80 2 / NW 86.40
November 32.8 23.7 85 1 / NW 30.40
December 32.0 22.6 88 1 / NW 468.70
Source: DOST/PAGASA, Palo

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Tacloban City shows a correlative pattern in its humidity and cloudiness


attesting to the fact that there is no distinct dry or rainy season as demonstrated in
the percentage of humidity and cloudiness of the area as indicated in the following
tables.

Table 2.3.2 Mean Cloudiness, Tacloban City

Month Mean Cloudiness


January 190 / 6
February 143 / 5
March 131 / 4
April 128 / 4
May 122 / 4
June 179 / 6
July 172 / 2
August 174 / 6
September 171 / 6
October 150 / 5
November 147 / 5
December 166 / 5
Source: DOST/PAGASA, Palo

2.4 TOPOGRAPHY

Tacloban City’s mean elevation is 3.05 meters above sea level. In the
western vicinity, along Naga-naga mountain range has a steep slope of 40% with a
highest elevation of 305 meters. On the Northern part, the Sta. Elena mountain
range has a steeper slope of 60.5% with the highest elevation of 575 meters. These
ranges serve as the boundary between Tacloban and its adjacent municipalities such
as Palo, Sta. Fe, Alang-Alang, San Miguel and Babatngon. While on the
northeastern portion of the city proper, Kanhuraw Hill, seat of the Local Government
of Tacloban, has an elevation of 15.09 meters above mean sea level, lies as a
landmark overlooking Cancabato Bay.

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

2.5 SOILS

Tacloban City has 9 principal soil types namely: Tacloban Clay; Naga-Naga Clay;
Caibaan Clay; Pawing Silt; Caibaan Clay Loam; Pawing Silt Loam; Calanipawan
Clay Loam; Nulatula Clay and Sta.Elena Clay

The following soil series are herein illustrated and defined as:

1. The Tacloban series are moderately deep, well drained, fine clayey soils
found on the mountainous areas of Tacloban City. The A Horizon is 5 to
15 cm thick is brown to yellowish-brown granular clay loam or clay. The C
Horizon below 90 cm. consist of brown to dark brown, dark yellowish
brown or yellowish brown clay loam or clay with few to common highly
weathered shale.

2. The Naga-Naga series are poorly drained, fine clayey, recent alluvial soils
found on the level areas just above the swamp. The A Horizon 15 to 20
cm thick is light gray to dark gray clay. The B horizon, 50 to 100 cm.
deep, is light gray to gray clay with few CaCO3 nodules.

3. The Caibaan series are very deep, somewhat poorly drained fine clayey
soils found on the medium plain before the undulating and slightly higher
piedmont landscapes. The A horizon 20 to 30 cm. thick is gray to very
dark gray, reddish gray to dark reddish gray silty clay to light clay with
yellowish red mottles.

4. The A Horizon 10 to 20 cm. thick of the Pawing Clay is brown to dark


brown very friable sandy loam. The B Horizon 40 to 60 cm. deep, is
strong brown to dark brown to dark brown sandy loam. The substrata
below 60 cm. consist of stratified layers of gray to grayish brown silt loam,
sandy loam, loamy sand and sand.

5. The Sta. Elena series are deep, somewhat poorly drained, very fine
clayey soils found on the slightly undulating piedmont landscape. The A
Horizon, 15 to 25 cm. thick is grayish brown to dark gray friable clay loam
with strong brown mottles. The B Horizon, 120 to 150 cm. deep is very
pale brown to heavy yellow clay with yellowish red mottles. The C
Horizon, 150 to 220 cm. deep is pale brown heavy clay. Below the C
Horizon buries A Horizon which is characteristically greenish gray to dark
gray clay loam, silty clay or clay with common to many highly
decomposed organic matters.

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

2.6 GEOLOGY AND MINERAL DEPOSITS

The geologic data of Tacloban City is obtained from the Bureau of Mines and
Geosciences gathered by CPDO personnel. Northeastern Leyte is part of the
Eastern Leyte Physiographic Province with a topographic manifestation that is
dominated by wide, almost flat lands near the coastline and mountainous terrain to
the west. Isolated mountains and hills are common south of Tacloban City.

Tacloban City is underlain by basement of an ophiolitic rocks forming an


elongated body with the long axis roughly oriented at NW-SE direction. The ophiolite
suite consists of Tagawili Ultramafics, Tigbao Gabbro, Paglaum Diabase Dike
Complex and Caibaan Pillow Basalt. The Tacloban Ophiolite are exposed along the
mountainous areas west of the city proper specifically in Brgy Tigbao and Diit.

Chert, red mudstone, shale and sandstone of Palanog Pelagic Sediments


conformably overlies the Caibaan Pillow Basalt. Unconformably overlying the
ophiolite suite are Neogene sediments of the San Ricardo Formation and Bagahupi
Formation. These Neogene sediments are well exposed near the coastline
especially in Brgys. Cablawan , Kawayan and Tagpuro. The northwestern trending
narrow ridge in Brgy Anibong is underlain by conglomerate, sandstone and marly
tuffaceous shale of Bagahupi Formation. Small outcrops of this formation are also
exposed near the Tacloban City hall.

The wide flat areas which is concentrated along the western portion of the
coastline of Tacloban City is underlain by Quaternary Alluvium. It consist mostly of
unconsolidated sand, silt and mud deposits. Topographic terrains such as swampy
areas, wide floodplain, swales, ridges and ponds are common features of this
lithologic unit. The district of Sagkahan and San Jose are mostly underlain by this
rock unit.

Tacloban Ophiolite is being traversed and bounded by numerous faults that


are generally oriented parallel to the long axis the ophiolite body. Foremost of which
are the NW trending faults that defined the eastern and northwestern contact of the
ophiolite body with the recent alluvium and tertiary sedimentary rocks.

Tacloban City has deposits of metallic and non-metallic mineral resources.


Metallic deposits are mostly hosted by Tacloban Ophiolite and its related rocks.
Foremost of them are copper, chromite and iron deposits occurring in the ophiolite
body. The mineralized areas fall within the jurisdiction of Brgys. Suhi, Palanog,
Salvacion , Bagacay and vicinities.

In Brgy Suhi, copper sulphide occurences has an estimation of 2,025 tons of


milling grade copper assaying 2% to 3% Cu and the presence of high grade copper
assaying 8% to 11% Cu from the vein system in the mineralized zone. Moderate-
sized chromatic dunite deposit were also located at the midstream of Guinbo-an
River in the northeastern portion of the Ophiolite body.

Non-metallic mineral deposits consists of talc deposit, magnesite, red burning


clay which is used for producing bricks and pottery and dimension stone for use in
the interior and exterior building design.

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Quarry resources such as gravel, sand and filling materials are abundant in
the areas of Brgys. Palanog, Salvacion and Diit.

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

2.7 NATURAL DRAINAGE SYSTEM

The urban area of


Tacloban City has four major
natural drainage ways namely;
Abucay and Mangonbangon
rivers which empties to Anibong
bay, while Tanghas-Lirang and
Burayan rivers empties to
Cancabato Bay. Likewise, these
urban natural drainage ways,
Abucay, Mangonbangon and
Burayan Rivers serve as urban
drainage channels

Likewise, the city has


four bodies of water serving as
drainage outlets of these rivers
and creeks. These bodies of
water are Anibong and
Panalaron Bays situated in the
North, and Cancabato, San
Pedro and San Pablo Bays
situated in the East. The other
smaller natural drainage ways
located at the northwestern part
of Tacloban, drain the
watershed areas of the city
such as those found in
Barangays Camansihay,
Bagacay, Cabalawan, Sto.
Niño, San Roque and Tigbao
towards the San Juanico Strait and
Anibong Bay.

The Abucay river, located at the northwestern side of the city’s watershed area
was previously tapped for irrigation of the farm lands in barangays Abucay and Naga-
Naga. It has a catchment area of about 2.4 square kilometers and drains to the Anibong
Bay. Mangonbangon River runs 5 kilometers along the western side of the City proper
and carries part of the City’s runoff, storm water and drains towards Panalaron Bay. The
upper stretch of the national highway is swampy. Its catchment area is around 5 square
kilometers. Burayan River with a total length of 4 kilometers, has a catchment area of
6.5 square kilometers, flowing from southwest to northeast on the southern part of
Tacloban.

The mountainous area serving as the watershed is located west of the City. A small
hilly area partitions the Tacloban city’s central plain. The eastern plain occupies the
Tacloban’s Central Business District and the other half on the western side starts to be
developed into a mixed residential and commercial use.

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

2.8 WATER RESOURCES

Leyte Metropolitan
Water District (LMWD) is the
primary water provider of the
city p delivering water in the
areas of San Jose,
Marasbaras, Caibaan, V & G
Subdivision, Janssen Heights,
Calanipawan, Sagkahan, City
Proper up to Barangay Diit
along the National Highway.
The water supply source is
from Binahaan river water
located in Brgy Tingib,
Pastrana. Moreover, Tacloban
City, with than 20,000 water
connections accounts to
70.68% of the total water
connections of LMWD in Leyte.

Another service provider


is Mactan rock that supplies
part of V&G and Tacloban
North Subdivision (GMA)
situated in Brgy Sto. Nino
Tacloban city. Its source is sub
surface and further sanitized
using series of filtration system.

Hand pumps and wells were observed at barangays Tigbao, San Roque, Diit,
Bagacay, Camansihay, Tagpuro, New and Old Kawayan, and San Jose. Water
discharged from these sources is clean and is encouraging although no
measurements have been done to quantitatively determine the flow of water.
However, there are reports that the water flowing from deep wells close to the
coastal areas show signs of salinity which could mean saltwater intrusion into the
aquifers. Nevertheless, this shows that sub-surface water is being utilized as drinking
water in certain places of the city despite the absence of technical studies.

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

2.9 POTENTIAL HAZARDS

2.91 Earthquake Related

Tacloban City is
generally close to the active
Philippine Fault Zone (PFZ), the
‘high angle fault line’ that runs
through the middle of Leyte
Island. The PFZ is a major
earthquake generator and may
have been the immediate
source of earthquakes that has
affected Tacloban City in the
past. The Philippine Trench
(PT), which is located at the
eastern coast of Samar but
quite far from Tacloban, can
also be an earthquake
generator on a lesser degree
than that of the PFZ. See
structural map.

The two minor thrust


faults immediately located near
Tacloban City may or may not
pose a direct threat to the City
itself. This is because of the
nature of activity of these
geological structures may not have been completely established, as to whether the
faults are still active or not. Previous reports inferred that these structures have been
inactive for quite sometime, but recent studies will help in confirming this problem
(Balce, C., pers. Comm.., 1997).

Most of the city areas are underlain by igneous rocks represented by the
Tacloban Ophiolite, especially in elevated areas like Salvacion and Tigbao.
Settlements and structures located over these areas are less susceptible to ground
shaking because igneous rocks generally provide better foundation for
infrastructures.

Areas that are underlain by loosely stratified sedimentary rock units and
recent alluvial and sand deposits are more susceptible to ground shaking. The
presence of weak planar contact between the different beds of sedimentary rocks, as
well as their lower density as compared to igneous rocks, allow for an increased
effect of ground shaking.

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

The stronger shaking is more prevalent on thick and poorly stratified alluvial
soils and poorly compacted or constantly wet sands because these sediments are
loose enough to be re-mobilized during ground shaking.

Areas wherein these conditions allow for a strong, ground shaking potential
are the areas underlain by all the sedimentary rock units and recent alluvial and sand
deposits. Most of these areas are located along the rolling to low-lying coastal areas
of the city such as the city proper, San Jose and the Airport area, the low-lying areas
southeast of the city proper, and narrow low-lying portions along the coast facing
San Juanico Strait.

Liquefaction of the ground


is also associated with this
ground shaking motion. This
process usually happens in
regions that are underlain by
loose or compacted and/or wet
sands, and poorly consolidated,
compact or loose alluvial
sediments. Tacloban City had
been identified as one of the
places in the Philippines with a
strong potential for liquefaction
(Torres, et.al., 1994) The location
of the Airport in San Jose, which
is southeast of Tacloban City
proper is susceptible to this kind
of hazard. (see map above)

Proper foundation,
structural and soil engineering
measures can be applied for built
structures in areas, that are
prone to both ground-shaking
and liquefaction hazards.

The basement bedrocks


that can be stable and can
withstand the effects of earthquakes may not be too deep to reach for laying
foundation to large-scale, high density structures.
Undertaking a detailed geological and geotechnical studies in the area will be
of great importance as this will help in understanding the mechanics of the
immediate geological structures, as well as the geotechnical properties of the rocks
and sediments. All of these measures will greatly minimize the adverse effects of
earthquake-related hazards in prone areas.

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

2.92 Storm Surge Prone and Coastal Slope Erosion

When super typhoon


Yolanda struck the city in
November 2013, the hardest hit
were in the coastal areas
wherein houses, infrastuctures,
and utilities were damaged. The
storm surge reached 10 to
15feet high and in other areas
the water reached the second
floor of buildings and practically
covered one storey high
structures.

To discourage families
from building in the storm surge
area, there is a no dwelling
policy within 40 meters from the
shoreline wherein residential
structures are not allowed. The
worst hit were in the coastline of
San Jose, Fatima Village to
Magsaysay boulevard, Anibong
Area, Nula-tula to Diit. There is a
proposed tide embankment and
road hightening to
counter the effect of storm
surge in
the future.

Coastal erosion does not seem to be a problem along the coasts of the inner
bodies of water. Deposition is otherwise the dominant coastal process occurring in
these areas, which is shown by observable situation at the smaller bays. This may
have been caused by the high amount of sediments being unloaded by the rivers
draining into these waters bodies. The water currents are not too strong to cause any
erosional processes along the shore.

The shoreline along the San Pedro and San Pablo Bay, on the other hand,
may have some coastal erosion potential. Although the dominant coastal process at
this area is the deposition of sediment particles, such as sand brought about by
longshore currents (sea current which moves in a direction along the shoreline,
instead of a head-on current directed towards the coast) from the sandy beaches
south of Tacloban, a disturbance in the sources of these sediments can reverse the
depositional process into an erosional one. The shoreline of San Jose generally
experiences minor coastal erosion but the loss of sand is being balanced by the
deposition of sediments coming from the south.

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Protection of these coastal areas from possible erosion will call for the
involvement of the other coastal municipalities which lie along the shoreline of San
Pedro Bay. An integrated coastal management program involving the concerned
municipalities will have to be conceived and implemented in order to address these
concerns. Any development of coastal structures must be evaluated in terms of their
positive and negative impacts to the coastal environment.

Slope erosion caused by heavy surface runoff during strong rains often occur
in elevated areas with considerable steepness of slopes and covered with
unconsolidated or loose rocks and alluvium. This can also occur in places where
heavy surface runoff occurs and natural vegetative cover is scarce or absent, such
as denuded hills covered with cogon grass instead of trees. These conditions cause
landslide-prone areas are mostly located at the mid-section towards the southern
portion of the Western mountain and hilly chains of Tacloban, especially in slopes
with minimal vegetative cover. The northern section of this mountainous chain also
has some slope erosion potential, but these can be more related to earthquake-
generated landslides rather than those caused by surface water run-off.

Revegetation of the denuded, steep-slope areas can be an effective measure


to limit slope erosion and landslides in vulnerable areas. Engineering measures,
when possible, such as slope stabilization, can be applied in landslide-prone areas
where major infrastructures, such as national roads, are located. Knowledge of these
areas is also important in guiding the location and development of new infrastructure.

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

2.93 Flood Prone Areas

Low-lying Areas are


particularly susceptible to
flooding. This problem is
aggravated by inadequate
drainage facilities,
encroachment on drainage
ways, clogging of drainage
systems and removal of
vegetation in the watersheds.
Low areas along the open coast
are susceptible to storm surges.
Storm surges occur during the
very strong typhoons with
strong winds and heavy
downpour, and sometimes even
during strong monsoons. Storm
surges that affected Tacloban
City in the past have been
documented. This means that
this potential hazard still exists
(Gonzales, 1994). (See map
below)

The low-lying areas that


are prone to flooding are the
lowland plains southwest of the
City proper, which include portions of Apitong, Sagkahan, Caibaan, Calanipawan, all
of Marasbaras and San Jose, portions of Tigbao, Diit, Cabalawan, San Isidro,
Tagpuro, Old Kawayan, New Kawayan and Tacloban City. The coastal areas that are
particularly susceptible to storm surges are the coastal barangays of San Jose,
Marasbaras and Tacloban City proper. Their proximity to deeper and open waters
(especially San Jose which is facing the San Pedro Bay), qualifies these places as a
surge prone area, especially during typhoons and strong monsoons. The coastal
areas along the San Juanico Strait have a low surge potential as these places
normally have relatively calm waters and are next to a small body of water.

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

CHAPTER 3

DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIAL PROFILE

3.10 DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS

Tacloban City’s populace is predominantly Waray-Waray as it is the spoken


dialect in the city accounting ninety percent (90%) of the population.
Cebuano/Kana/Visayan speaking populace accounts 6.08% of the total population,
0.80% are Tagalog, 0.10% are Ilocano, 0.07% are Kapampangan while 2.95% come
from other ethnic origins.

Tacloban City is 94.52% Roman Catholic while the Islam faith is 0.12% of the
population. Iglesia ni Kristo has 0.83% faithful followers, 0.94% are Evangelicals,
0.49% Seventh Day Adventist and 3.10% are faithful followers of 22 other religions.

3.11 POPULATION SIZE AND GROWTH RATE

During the 2014 population census, Tacloban City has an actual total
population count of 239,938 an a total household of 50,890. With an average annual
population growth rate of 2.13 percent, it is projected that for the year 2015,
Tacloban’ City’s population would be 245,049. Based on this projected population,
Tacloban has a population density of 12.14 persons per hectare and a projected
household of 56,988 with an Average Household Size of 4.3.

Table 3.11.1
Average Rate of Annual Increase/Decrease Per Census Year , Tacloban City

GROWTH
CENSAL YEAR POPULATION RATE
1903 11,943 1.78
1918 15,787 3.47
1939 31,233 3.92
1948 45,421 4.25
1960 53,551 1.38
1970 76,531 3.64
1975 80,707 1.07
1980 102,523 4.90
1990 136,890 2.93
1995 167,310 3.84
2000 178,639 1.41
2007 217,199 2.73
2010 221,174 2.16
2014 239,938 2.13

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Tacloban City records a steady growing population count since 1903 until the
1948 census and fluctuated in the proceeding years but the highest recorded
Average Annual Rate of Increase recorded for the period was 4.90% during the
censal year 1980. Inversely, the lowest recorded growth rate of 1.07 percent was
during the censal year 1975.

3.12 URBAN-RURAL POPULATION DISTRIBUTION

Of the 138 barangays of Tacloban City, 17 are Rural Barangays and 121 are
Urban Barangays. Based on the projected 2015 population (245,049), the city’s
population is concentrated in the urban barangays with a population of 206,558 while
the rural population count is 38,491. In percentage distribution, urban population is
84.29% of the total population while 15.70% accounts for the population in the rural
barangays. In the following table 3.12.1, the projected urban population is shown
given the rate of annual increase of 2.13%

3.12 POPULATION BY BARANGAY

Tacloban City has a total land area of 20,172 hectares . With this figure,
Tacloban City has a population density of 11.89 persons per hectare with its 239,938
total population in 2014. Projecting for the year 2015 the population would then count
to 245,049 and the population density comes at 12.14 persons per hectare.

In terms of population Brgy 91 Abucay is the highest with 10,563 persons


while Brgy 90 San Jose is the least at 88 persons only. Because of its proximity from
the bus terminal and some business establishments, Barangay 91 became the most
populated area in the city. . Barangay 90 used to be densely populated but after
typhoon Yolanda the no “build zone policy 40 meter from shoreline” was
implemented and as a result only 86 persons residing in that area.

Table 3.12.1
Actual and Projected Urban-Rural Population Distribution , Tacloban City

BRGY 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
RURAL ACTUAL PROJECTED
12 2,219 2,266 2,315 2,364 2,414 2,466 2,518 2,572 2,627 2,682 2,740 2,798
37A 1,223 1,249 1,276 1,303 1,331 1,359 1,388 1,417 1,448 1,478 1,510 1,542
93 5,242 5,354 5,468 5,584 5,703 5,825 5,949 6,075 6,205 6,337 6,472 6,610
94A 1,555 1,588 1,622 1,656 1,692 1,728 1,765 1,802 1,841 1,880 1,920 1,961
97 3,312 3,383 3,455 3,528 3,603 3,680 3,758 3,839 3,920 4,004 4,089 4,176
98 1,367 1,396 1,426 1,456 1,487 1,519 1,551 1,584 1,618 1,653 1,688 1,724
99 5,670 5,791 5,914 6,040 6,169 6,300 6,434 6,571 6,711 6,854 7,000 7,149
100 2,989 3,053 3,118 3,184 3,252 3,321 3,392 3,464 3,538 3,613 3,690 3,769
101 1,441 1,472 1,503 1,535 1,568 1,601 1,635 1,670 1,706 1,742 1,779 1,817
102 484 494 505 516 527 538 549 561 573 585 598 610
103 4,142 4,230 4,320 4,412 4,506 4,602 4,700 4,800 4,903 5,007 5,114 5,223
103A 534 545 557 569 581 593 606 619 632 646 659 673
104 2,214 2,261 2,309 2,359 2,409 2,460 2,512 2,566 2,621 2,676 2,733 2,792
105 1,619 1,653 1,689 1,725 1,761 1,799 1,837 1,876 1,916 1,957 1,999 2,041
106 1,539 1,572 1,605 1,639 1,674 1,710 1,746 1,784 1,822 1,860 1,900 1,941
107 1,148 1,172 1,197 1,223 1,249 1,276 1,303 1,331 1,359 1,388 1,417 1,448
108 989 1,010 1,032 1,054 1,076 1,099 1,122 1,146 1,171 1,196 1,221 1,247

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

BRGY 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
URBAN ACTUAL PROJECTED
1 1,184 1,209 1,235 1,261 1,288 1,316 1,344 1,372 1,401 1,431 1,462 1,493
2 410 419 428 437 446 456 465 475 485 496 506 517
3 2,674 2,731 2,789 2,849 2,909 2,971 3,034 3,099 3,165 3,233 3,301 3,372
5 358 366 373 381 389 398 406 415 424 433 442 451
5A 404 413 421 430 440 449 458 468 478 488 499 509
6 1,209 1,235 1,261 1,288 1,315 1,343 1,372 1,401 1,431 1,462 1,493 1,524
6A 1,730 1,767 1,804 1,843 1,882 1,922 1,963 2,005 2,048 2,091 2,136 2,181
7 320 327 334 341 348 356 363 371 379 387 395 403
8 253 258 264 270 275 281 287 293 299 306 312 319
8A 199 203 208 212 217 221 226 231 236 241 246 251
13 107 109 112 114 116 119 121 124 127 129 132 135
14 162 165 169 173 176 180 184 188 192 196 200 204
15 93 95 97 99 101 103 106 108 110 112 115 117
16 246 251 257 262 268 273 279 285 291 297 304 310
17 103 105 107 110 112 114 117 119 122 125 127 130
18 223 228 233 238 243 248 253 258 264 270 275 281
19 243 248 253 259 264 270 276 282 288 294 300 306
20 492 502 513 524 535 547 558 570 582 595 607 620
21 295 301 308 314 321 328 335 342 349 357 364 372
21A 266 272 277 283 289 296 302 308 315 322 328 335
22 90 92 94 96 98 100 102 104 107 109 111 113
23 470 480 490 501 511 522 533 545 556 568 580 593
23A 534 545 557 569 581 593 606 619 632 646 659 673
24 299 305 312 319 325 332 339 347 354 361 369 377
25 1,409 1,439 1,470 1,501 1,533 1,566 1,599 1,633 1,668 1,703 1,740 1,777
26 184 188 192 196 200 204 209 213 218 222 227 232
27 236 241 246 251 257 262 268 274 279 285 291 298
28 302 308 315 322 329 336 343 350 357 365 373 381
29 188 192 196 200 205 209 213 218 223 227 232 237
30 119 122 124 127 129 132 135 138 141 144 147 150
31 321 328 335 342 349 357 364 372 380 388 396 405
32 115 117 120 123 125 128 131 133 136 139 142 145
33 212 217 221 226 231 236 241 246 251 256 262 267
34 155 158 162 165 169 172 176 180 183 187 191 195
35 196 200 204 209 213 218 222 227 232 237 242 247
35A 469 479 489 500 510 521 532 544 555 567 579 591
36 1,295 1,323 1,351 1,380 1,409 1,439 1,470 1,501 1,533 1,565 1,599 1,633
36A 779 796 813 830 848 866 884 903 922 942 962 982
37 3,515 3,590 3,666 3,744 3,824 3,906 3,989 4,074 4,161 4,249 4,340 4,432
38 381 389 397 406 415 423 432 442 451 461 470 480
39 3,056 3,121 3,188 3,255 3,325 3,396 3,468 3,542 3,617 3,694 3,773 3,853
40 176 180 184 187 191 196 200 204 208 213 217 222
41 94 96 98 100 102 104 107 109 111 114 116 119
42 905 924 944 964 985 1,006 1,027 1,049 1,071 1,094 1,117 1,141
42A 2,526 2,580 2,635 2,691 2,748 2,807 2,867 2,928 2,990 3,054 3,119 3,185
43 397 405 414 423 432 441 451 460 470 480 490 501
43A 1,116 1,140 1,164 1,189 1,214 1,240 1,266 1,293 1,321 1,349 1,378 1,407
43B 1,036 1,058 1,081 1,104 1,127 1,151 1,176 1,201 1,226 1,252 1,279 1,306
44 448 458 467 477 487 498 508 519 530 542 553 565
44A 226 231 236 241 246 251 256 262 268 273 279 285
45 255 260 266 272 277 283 289 296 302 308 315 322
46 434 443 453 462 472 482 493 503 514 525 536 547
47 582 594 607 620 633 647 660 675 689 704 719 734
48 377 385 393 402 410 419 428 437 446 456 465 475
48A 567 579 591 604 617 630 643 657 671 685 700 715
48B 519 530 541 553 565 577 589 602 614 627 641 654
49 1,952 1,994 2,036 2,079 2,124 2,169 2,215 2,262 2,311 2,360 2,410 2,461
50 264 270 275 281 287 293 300 306 312 319 326 333
50A 749 765 781 798 815 832 850 868 887 905 925 944
50B 844 862 880 899 918 938 958 978 999 1,020 1,042 1,064
51 329 336 343 350 358 366 373 381 389 398 406 415

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

BRGY 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
URBAN ACTUAL PROJECTED
51A 227 232 237 242 247 252 258 263 269 274 280 286
52 1,092 1,115 1,139 1,163 1,188 1,213 1,239 1,266 1,293 1,320 1,348 1,377
53 663 677 692 706 721 737 752 768 785 801 819 836
54 820 837 855 874 892 911 931 950 971 991 1,012 1,034
54A 770 786 803 820 838 856 874 892 911 931 951 971
55 868 886 905 925 944 964 985 1,006 1,027 1,049 1,072 1,094
56 1,227 1,253 1,280 1,307 1,335 1,363 1,392 1,422 1,452 1,483 1,515 1,547
56A 603 616 629 642 656 670 684 699 714 729 744 760
57 1,191 1,216 1,242 1,269 1,296 1,323 1,352 1,380 1,410 1,440 1,470 1,502
58 873 892 911 930 950 970 991 1,012 1,033 1,055 1,078 1,101
59 3,364 3,436 3,509 3,584 3,660 3,738 3,817 3,899 3,982 4,067 4,153 4,242
59A 3,998 4,083 4,170 4,259 4,350 4,442 4,537 4,634 4,732 4,833 4,936 5,041
59B 735 751 767 783 800 817 834 852 870 889 907 927
60 1,122 1,146 1,170 1,195 1,221 1,247 1,273 1,300 1,328 1,356 1,385 1,415
60A 898 917 937 957 977 998 1,019 1,041 1,063 1,086 1,109 1,132
61 749 765 781 798 815 832 850 868 887 905 925 944
62 1,500 1,532 1,565 1,598 1,632 1,667 1,702 1,738 1,775 1,813 1,852 1,891
62A 5,471 5,588 5,707 5,828 5,952 6,079 6,209 6,341 6,476 6,614 6,755 6,898
62B 4,583 4,681 4,780 4,882 4,986 5,092 5,201 5,312 5,425 5,540 5,658 5,779
63 2,472 2,525 2,578 2,633 2,689 2,747 2,805 2,865 2,926 2,988 3,052 3,117
64 2,318 2,367 2,418 2,469 2,522 2,576 2,630 2,686 2,744 2,802 2,862 2,923
65 1,452 1,483 1,515 1,547 1,580 1,613 1,648 1,683 1,719 1,755 1,793 1,831
66 1,291 1,318 1,347 1,375 1,405 1,434 1,465 1,496 1,528 1,561 1,594 1,628
66A 1,289 1,316 1,344 1,373 1,402 1,432 1,463 1,494 1,526 1,558 1,591 1,625
67 1,315 1,343 1,372 1,401 1,431 1,461 1,492 1,524 1,557 1,590 1,624 1,658
68 2,058 2,102 2,147 2,192 2,239 2,287 2,335 2,385 2,436 2,488 2,541 2,595
69 2,542 2,596 2,651 2,708 2,766 2,825 2,885 2,946 3,009 3,073 3,138 3,205
70 1,032 1,054 1,076 1,099 1,123 1,147 1,171 1,196 1,222 1,248 1,274 1,301
71 5,879 6,004 6,132 6,263 6,396 6,532 6,671 6,814 6,959 7,107 7,258 7,413
72 750 766 782 799 816 833 851 869 888 907 926 946
73 414 423 432 441 450 460 470 480 490 500 511 522
74 8662 8847 9035 9227 9424 9625 9830 10039 10253 10471 10694 10922
75 757 773 790 806 824 841 859 877 896 915 935 955
76 918 938 958 978 999 1,020 1,042 1,064 1,087 1,110 1,133 1,158
77 3,211 3,279 3,349 3,421 3,493 3,568 3,644 3,721 3,801 3,882 3,964 4,049
78 2,289 2,338 2,388 2,438 2,490 2,543 2,598 2,653 2,709 2,767 2,826 2,886
79 1,604 1,638 1,673 1,709 1,745 1,782 1,820 1,859 1,899 1,939 1,980 2,023
80 1,332 1,360 1,389 1,419 1,449 1,480 1,512 1,544 1,577 1,610 1,645 1,680
81 822 840 857 876 894 913 933 953 973 994 1,015 1,036
82 1,444 1,475 1,506 1,538 1,571 1,604 1,639 1,674 1,709 1,746 1,783 1,821
83 2,647 2,703 2,761 2,820 2,880 2,941 3,004 3,068 3,133 3,200 3,268 3,338
83A 1,781 1,819 1,858 1,897 1,938 1,979 2,021 2,064 2,108 2,153 2,199 2,246
83B 2,860 2,921 2,983 3,047 3,112 3,178 3,246 3,315 3,385 3,457 3,531 3,606
83C 3,873 3,955 4,040 4,126 4,214 4,303 4,395 4,489 4,584 4,682 4,782 4,884
84 6,312 6,446 6,584 6,724 6,867 7,013 7,163 7,315 7,471 7,630 7,793 7,959
85 1,376 1,405 1,435 1,466 1,497 1,529 1,561 1,595 1,629 1,663 1,699 1,735
86 1,179 1,204 1,230 1,256 1,283 1,310 1,338 1,366 1,396 1,425 1,456 1,487
87 3,217 3,286 3,356 3,427 3,500 3,575 3,651 3,728 3,808 3,889 3,972 4,056
88 7,036 7,186 7,339 7,495 7,655 7,818 7,984 8,155 8,328 8,506 8,687 8,872
89 4,319 4,411 4,505 4,601 4,699 4,799 4,901 5,006 5,112 5,221 5,332 5,446
90 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 100 102 104 106 108
91 10343 10563 10788 11018 11253 11492 11737 11987 12243 12503 12770 13042
92 4,706 4,806 4,909 5,013 5,120 5,229 5,340 5,454 5,570 5,689 5,810 5,934
94 2,606 2,662 2,718 2,776 2,835 2,896 2,957 3,020 3,085 3,150 3,217 3,286
95 7,170 7,323 7,479 7,638 7,801 7,967 8,137 8,310 8,487 8,668 8,852 9,041
95A 3,915 3,998 4,084 4,171 4,259 4,350 4,443 4,537 4,634 4,733 4,834 4,936
96 6,838 6,984 7,132 7,284 7,439 7,598 7,760 7,925 8,094 8,266 8,442 8,622
109 5,364 5,478 5,595 5,714 5,836 5,960 6,087 6,217 6,349 6,484 6,623 6,764
109A 7,554 7,715 7,879 8,047 8,218 8,394 8,572 8,755 8,941 9,132 9,326 9,525
110 5,372 5,486 5,603 5,723 5,845 5,969 6,096 6,226 6,359 6,494 6,632 6,774

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

3.13 HOUSEHOLD POPULATION BY AGE GROUP AND SEX DISTRIBUTION

Based on the 2014 survey and an average growth rate of 2.13% Tacloban
City’s total household population in the 2015 was projected to be 245,049. The
economically active or the working age (15-59 years old) represent the largest share
of population which is about 62.09% of the total population. The next largest age
group is the child and youth group in the age bracket 1 year to 14 years old
representing 31.15% of the total population while the senior citizen those aged 60
and above is represent 6.76%

Overall, there is male plurality in practically most of the age brackets


especially for those age 20 - 49 where there are more males to females by about
4.88%. But in the age bracket 50 and above, the female outnumber the male by
16.20%. In totality, there are more males to females age bracket 60 and above by
1.815% of the total 2015 household population but considering the minuscule gap,
male and female seems to be in an even keel in terms of populating the city of
Tacloban.

Table 3.13.1 POPULATION DISTRIBUTION (PROJECTED) 2014, 2015

Age Bracket 2014 (Actual) 2015 (projected)


Male Female Male Female
5 Below 13,319 12,293 13,603 12,555
5-9 12,441 11,666 12,706 11,914
10-14 12,960 12,066 13,236 12,323
15-19 13,884 14,255 14,180 14,559
20-24 13,035 12,603 13,313 12,871
25-29 10,250 9,655 10,468 9,861
30-34 9,008 8,314 9,200 8,491
35-39 7,435 7,067 7,593 7,218
40-44 6,610 6,393 6,751 6,529
45-49 6,034 5,902 6,163 6,028
50-54 5,146 5,262 5,256 5,374
55-59 3,970 4,157 4,055 4,246
60-64 2,892 3,239 2,954 3,308
65-69 1,779 2,311 1,817 2,360
70 & over 2,285 3,707 2,334 3,786
sub-total 121,048 118,890 123,626 121,423
Total 239,938 245,049

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Table 3.13.1 Household Population By Age Group and Sex Tacloban City

25,000

20,000

15,000
Male
10,000 Female

5,000 Total

0
Under 10-14 25-29 40-44 55-59 70-74
1Yr Yrs.

3.14 MIGRATION PATTERN BY SEX

Tacloban City’s migration pattern from 1970 to 2000 has showed a net
migration rate of 7 percent as shown by the figures of the National Statistics Office.
The net migration rate has tended towards out-migration considering the various
reasons and motivations of the Taclobanons. Although the data is not inclusive of
the present upward population trend, it still shows that some residents go out of the
city either temporarily or permanently but a certain percentage of in-migrating
population balances the migration trend in the city.

In the total migration pattern, there are more women to men migrants. In the
in-migration trend, there is a total of 10,046 migrants 5,278 are female and 4,768 are
male. While in out-migration, a total of 22,581 residents resettled in other places,
women accounting for 11,548 of the total figure while men numbered 11,033. In
Table 3.4, a summarized migration pattern of the 1970-2000 censuses rationalized
the pattern for those who leave the city for the bigger cities or outside the country for
economic purposes such as practice of profession, business or educational
purposes. While there were in-migration activities, the purpose was somewhat
similar as most have migrated to Tacloban City to look for work or relocate
businesses considering the fast paced economic activities of the newly categorized
highly urbanized city of Tacloban (HUC). Inter-marriages also played a part in the
trend.

As the city is gearing up for more economic prospects and investments as a


newly categorized HUC, it is expected that migration trend may turn from out-
migration to in-migration seeing an increased positive population growth rate in the
2007 census and the economic opportunities and speculations offered by the various
economic opportunities of a highly urbanized city.

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Table 3.14.1 Migration Pattern By Sex Census Years 1970-2000

MIGRATION
WOMEN MEN TOTAL
PATTERN
In-Migration 5,278 4,768 10,046
Out-Migration 11,548 11,033 22,581
Net Migration (6,270) (6,265) (12,535)
Net Migration Rate (7.0)
( ) out-migration
Source: National Statistics Office

3.15 HOUSEHOLD DISTRIBUTION

In the 2014 census, Tacloban City has a total population of 239,938 and is
projected to reach 245,049 by 2015. In the 2014 census, household population is
over 99 percent of the total population because of the institutional population in the
urban barangays. But most of the barangays, particularly rural barangays, have the
same household population and total population which mean all their residents are
members of the households.

Table 3.15.1 Projected Population & Household 2010-2025, Tacloban City

YEAR
TOTAL POPULATION NO. OF HOUSEHOLD
2010 221,174 45,478
2011 225,951 46,460
2012 230,832 47,464
2013 235,818 48,489
2014 239,938 50,890
2015 245,049 56,988
2016 250,268 58,202
2017 255,599 59,442
2018 261,043 60,708
2019 266,603 62,001
2020 272,282 63,321
2021 278,082 64,670
2022 284,005 66,048
2023 290,054 67,454
2024 296,232 68,891
2025 302,542 70,359
Source: NSO, CPDO .
Note: 2010 , 2014 are actual survey
Projection of 2.13% annual growth rate after year 2014

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

3.16 TEMPO OF URBANIZATION

In the actual census of 2010 up to 2014, it reflected that the urban and rural
population grew by an average of 2.06 %. annually. It is postulated that
constituents are looking towards the rural barangays for residential purposes as the
urban barangays gear for increased commercialization and industry as Tacloban City
is newly categorized as a highly urbanized city.

According to City Housing Office , when Super Typhoon Yolanda struck


Tacloban City in November 2013, many were left homeless. Based on the survey
conducted about 59, 610 families were found out to have damaged houses. Totally
damaged houses were about 28, 351 while partially damaged houses were about
31, 224. However, there were about 36 Barangays identified to have 14, 433 families
living in danger zone and in fact, those families were the hardest hit by storm surge
during the onslaught of Super Typhoon Yolanda. The aforementioned 14, 433
families were those that need to be relocated to Northern part of Tacloban City.

With this problem faced by the city and its solution that the homeless will
eventually be relocated in the north, it is a reality that in the next few years the rural
area in the north will be urban in terms of classification as new socialized housing
are being built for the said 14,443 families and other residents from barangays living
in danger zones.

Table 3.17.1 Urban and Rural Population (Actual & Projected), 2010-2015

YEAR URBAN RURAL TOTAL


POPULATION POPULATION POPULATION
2010 Actual 192,893 28,281 221,174
2011 Projected 197,059 28,892 225,951
2012 Projected 201,316 29,516 230,832
2013 Projected 205,664 30,153 235,818
2014 Actual 202,251 37,687 239,938
2015 Projected 206,558 38,491 245,049

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

3.18 POPULATION DENSITY BY BARANGAY

Tacloban City has a total land area of 20,172 hectares . With this figure,
Tacloban City has a population density of 11.89 persons per hectare with its 239,938
total population in 2014. Projecting for the year 2015 the population would then count
to 245,049 and the population density comes at 12.14 persons per hectare.

For the year 2015 the population density of Brgy. 36 in Anibong is the most
densely populated with 1,288.94 person per hectare while Brgy 103A Paglaum in
the rural barangays is the least densely populated with only 1.10 person per
hectare. (see table below)

Table 3.18.1 Population Density by Barangay 2014-2025

BRGY LAND 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
RURAL AREA DENSITY PROJECTED DENSITY
12 46.84 47.37 48.38 49.41 50.46 51.54 52.64 53.76 54.90 56.07 57.27 58.49 59.73
37A 39.79 30.74 31.39 32.06 32.74 33.44 34.15 34.88 35.62 36.38 37.16 37.95 38.76
93 1,110.84 4.72 4.82 4.92 5.03 5.13 5.24 5.36 5.47 5.59 5.70 5.83 5.95
94A 135.84 11.45 11.69 11.94 12.19 12.45 12.72 12.99 13.27 13.55 13.84 14.13 14.43
97 389.58 8.50 8.68 8.87 9.06 9.25 9.45 9.65 9.85 10.06 10.28 10.50 10.72
98 970.51 1.41 1.44 1.47 1.50 1.53 1.57 1.60 1.63 1.67 1.70 1.74 1.78
99 225.17 25.18 25.72 26.27 26.83 27.40 27.98 28.58 29.18 29.81 30.44 31.09 31.75
100 432.05 6.92 7.07 7.22 7.37 7.53 7.69 7.85 8.02 8.19 8.36 8.54 8.72
101 203.74 7.07 7.22 7.38 7.53 7.69 7.86 8.03 8.20 8.37 8.55 8.73 8.92
102 117.55 4.12 4.20 4.29 4.39 4.48 4.57 4.67 4.77 4.87 4.98 5.08 5.19
103 600.66 6.90 7.04 7.19 7.35 7.50 7.66 7.83 7.99 8.16 8.34 8.51 8.69
103A 494.37 1.08 1.10 1.13 1.15 1.18 1.20 1.23 1.25 1.28 1.31 1.33 1.36
104 397.84 5.57 5.68 5.80 5.93 6.05 6.18 6.32 6.45 6.59 6.73 6.87 7.02
105 817.25 1.98 2.02 2.07 2.11 2.16 2.20 2.25 2.30 2.34 2.39 2.45 2.50
106 585.70 2.63 2.68 2.74 2.80 2.86 2.92 2.98 3.05 3.11 3.18 3.24 3.31
107 188.88 6.08 6.21 6.34 6.47 6.61 6.75 6.90 7.04 7.19 7.35 7.50 7.66
108 308.18 3.21 3.28 3.35 3.42 3.49 3.57 3.64 3.72 3.80 3.88 3.96 4.05

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

3.19 PRESENT STATUS OF WELL BEING

One of the priorities of the City Government of Tacloban is the well-being of its
constituents and to bring this into motion, several activities related to the general
health and welfare of the residents were conceived in partnership with the private
sector and other government agencies. This could be quantified in the succeeding
graphs and profile in the health, social services, peace matters, housing, education
and other sub-sectors contributing to the general well being and welfare of the
Taclobanons. Tacloban’s constituents enjoy a great deal of health package being
delivered to them through the regular conduct of Barangayans where most of the
basic services are availed of for free such as medical and dental consultations,
medicines, child registration, personal hygiene demonstrations and other such
services which people usually get from the city government.

3.20 HEALTH

Tacloban City has sufficient health care facilities both private and public. In
the government sector, there is the Eastern Visayas Regional Medical Center, a fully
equipped hospital providing better medical attention not only for the city but the
whole region eight. Augmenting this is the Tacloban City Hospital to cater to those
residents who cannot afford to go to private hospitals. Five more private hospitals
are ready to fulfill the health and medical needs of the Taclobanons and these are
the Divine World Hospital; Remedios Trinidad Romualdez (RTR) Hospital ; Caremed
Maternity Hospital,; Holy Infant Sisters of Mercy Hospital and Tacloban Doctors
Medical Center. This will assure the people of Tacloban more health services and
medical care.

Table 3.20.1 MASA Health Service Unit Total Number of Consultations, 2015

Month 1st Quarter 2nd 3rd Quarter 4th Quarter Total


Quarter
Adult 1,544 1,394 1,546 1,020 5,504
Pediatrics 2,503 2,020 1,422 1,850 7,795
Total 4,047 3,314 2,968 2,870 13,199

Table 3.20.2 Health Personnel and Facilities, Tacloban City, 2015

Government City Health


Personnel Office City Hospital Total
Doctor 5 7 12
Dentist 3 2 5
Nurse 6 10 16
Midwife 15 15
Nursing Attendant 2 8 10
Total 31 27 58

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Table 3.20.3 Health Facilities, 2015

Type of Facility Number Location


Public Hospitals 2
EVRMC Magsaysay Blvd.
City Hospital Marasbaras Tac. City
Brgy. Health 14 Tacloban City
Centers/Stations
Private Hospital 5
RTR Hospital Brgy. 96 Calanipawan Tac. City

St. Pauls Hospital Avinida Veteranos St. Tac. City

Caremed Maternity Hospital Justice Romualdez St. Tac.


City
Tacloban Doctors Mate Avenue Tac. City
Mother of Mercy Aquino Avenue, Youngfield
Source: CPDO

Above table shows that pool of health facilities and manpower resources is
within the city. It has six operating hospitals. Two are government owned hospitals
namely: Eastern Visayas Regional Medical Center (EVRMC) which is under the
Department of Health RO8 and Tacloban City Hospital under the City Government of
Tacloban. Four other hospitals are privately owned such as Divine Word Hospital,
Remedios Trinidad Romualdez(RTR) Hospital, Mother of Mercy Hospital and
Tacloban Doctors Medical Hospital. In line with the hospital capabilities, EVRMC and
Divine Word Hospital are providing the highest level curative care (Tertiary
Care/Level III) while others provide secondary level/Level II of care.

The city provides, with efficiency, all the priority government health services in
its 6 District Health Centers and 24 primary health care facilities. These 6 District
Health Centers are all PhilHealthaccredited with PCB, MCP and TB-DOTS and 1
speacial health unit (MASA) accredited with PCB. Tacloban City Hospital is a 25-bed
hospital providing general adult and pediatric medical, obstetric-gynecology and
surgical care. It is a CEmONC center and is PhilHealth-accredited. It still lacks
equipment for more complex clinical care. There are 2 newly built Health Centers
donated by INGO’s which the city is planning to establish as District Health Center
(Abucay District Health Center and Sto. Niño (GMA) District Health Center).

Following the DOH-prescribed population to health personnel ratios, the city


does not conform with the standards. As shown in table above it is evident enough
that the city really needs additional manpower resources. We are in dire need of
doctors, nurses, midwives, medical technologists and other allied health workers that
will cater the primary health care needs of the constituents with quality and efficiency
although the DOH provides health manpower support through their Deployment
Program (NDP’, RHMPP’s, PHA, DDP, MDP).

The voluntary sector such as Barangay Health Worker’s (BHW), Barangay


Nutrition Scholars (BNS) and Barangay Service Point Officers (BSPO’s) also
provides support at the health center and community levels. They are our active

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

partners in the delivery of basic health care services on the field. All these health
facilities (hospitals, district health centers and barangay health stations) are
susceptible to typhoon (Low, Medium, High). Flood prone BHS is Apitong BHS while
other BHS such as Magallanes BHS, Bliss Sagkahan BHS, Ilong BHS, Fatima BHS,
Seawall BHS, Cabalawan BHS, Burayan BHS and Fisherman”s BHS are storm
surge susceptible.

3.21 General Health Situation

The present administration envisioned to improve the delivery of basic health


and sanitation services, nutrition, other socio-economic and developmental services
including infrastructures responsive to the needs of the population especially to the
poor and the underserved with the ultimate goal of attaining quality of life for all
Taclobanos complimenting with the National Objectives for Health and the
Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s) in implementing framework for health
reforms.

These plans are programmed through the path of socio-economic


transformation through urbanization. The City Government is equipped to meet the
health demands for this general revolution towards progress that will give back every
edge of benefit to its people. With the grace of the Lord Almighty and the help and
cooperation of its citizens, Tacloban will be one of the healthiest and the safest place
to live in the Region and the Philippines as well.
Urbanization is a major challenge in the health sector. Implementing health
interventions has been designed as a single package, backed by effective
management, infrastructures and financing arrangement. This plan is directed
towards achieving the following end-goals: a) Improve health system performance;
b) Compliance to Health Regulation; c) Expansion of equitable health care financing;
and d) More responsive health system in collaboration with the different government
organizations, non – government organizations, development partners and donor
agencies.

Table 3.2.1 shows comparative description of the health condition of the city
for the past five years (2011 – 2015).These figures are not exclusive for the residents
of the city because a modest number of residents from other municipalities or
provinces who accessed the different health care facilities in the city, given medical
attention and died in Tacloban City were included in the statistics.

It is evident that there is an erratic increase of mortality cases in year 2013


and 2014 basically due to typhoon Yolanda’s aftermath, damages to life. It is
somehow reflected with the highest Crude Death Rate during these years of 12.26
and 17.35 respectively. Drowning as the top leading cause of mortality in 2013.

Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR) and Under Five
Mortality Rate (U5MR) is consistently way below the MDG target for the past 5
years.The most common cause of death among neonates, infants and children
under five are pneumonia, prematurity and sepsis. These deaths can be attributed to
non immunization, poor management of common childhood illnesses, poor health
practice of some parents especially at the rural and informal settlements, poor

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

environmental sanitation, congestion or poor health seeking behavior of the family.


Factors associated with IMR-NMR-U5MR warrant not just improving maternal and
child health care programs but uplifting the socioeconomic conditions as well.

Prematurity among newborns can be attributed to gaps in care for pregnant


women before, during, and the immediate period after childbirth. – services under
the domain of the City Health Office and hospitals (private/public). Special emphasis
has to be made on access to prenatal care services, during which infections that are
known to cause prematurity are detected and addressed appropriately.

The uprising trend in Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) is quite alarming. Though
only 3/18 maternal deaths are residents of Tacloban, the gaps still needs to be
addressed and given more emphasis especially that all deaths are hospital based.
Maternal, Neonatal, Child Health and Nutrition (MNCH) interventions and advocacy
campaigns needs to be strengthened. The most common maternal death causes are
pregnancy induced hypertension, bleeding/shock, obstetric complications and
pregnancy related infections. These can be attributed on the three dealys: delay in
deciding to seek medical care, delay in reaching appropriate facility and delay in
receiving appropriate and adequate care at thefacility.

Table 3.21.1 General Health Situation for the Last Four Years 2012– 2015

Health 2012 2013 2014 2015


Indicator
No. Rate No. Rate No. Rate No. Rate
Fertility
Crude Birth 19.20 6,104 25.92 4,340 17.97 5,008 20.35
Rates
Morbidity 7,222 5,294 4,369 4,346 9.32
(Total)
Mortality 2,887 4,191 2,294
(Total)
Crude Death 5.53 12.26 17.35 10.52
Rate
(CDR)/100,000
population
Infant 3.40 4.98 6.21 40 7.79
Mortality Rate
(IMR)/1000
live births
Under Five 22.76
Child Mortality
Rate/1000 live
births
Maternal 54.11 253.39 18 359.42
Mortality Rate
(MMR)/100,000
livebirth

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Source: City Health Office

Table 3.2.2 shows that diseases of the lungs such as URTI, pneumonia, ARI,
PTB, bronchial asthma and bronchitis consistently on top ranks as the most common
leading causes of morbidity among all ages for the past 5 years. Pneumonia on its 1 st
rank in 2013, and consistent on its 2 nd rank for two consecutive years (2014 &
2015). The consistency of these diseases as leading causes of morbidity may be
attributed in poor environmental condition, sudden change of climate, poor health
and hygiene practices especially in rural and resettlement areas, congestion, poor
health seeking behavior and lack to financial access for medical consultation.

Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) is drastically climbing up from rank 10 in 2012,


6th in 2014 and now its on its 4 th rank as leading cause of morbidity and ranks 8 th in
mortality. These remains to be a major problem in the city. Environment - Friendly
Ordinances like anti-spitting Ordinance, solid waste management and other related
laws and regulations has to be revisited and strictly implemented to somehow
contain disease transmission. Factors such as congestion, living in one quarter due
to limited space, climatic condition, patient treatment compliance and financial
capacity is also to be considered.

The lack of permanent NTP nurse significantly impacts the implementation of


the program. Continuity of care is disrupted, gathering of data, recording/monitoring
and reporting is delayed and compromised specially in advising/scheduling patients
for sputum exam, follow up examinations and tracking lost to follow up patients
(TALF) which resulted to lowering of the Cure Rate. Advocacy, communication and
social mobilization remains to be strengthened, presently there is no community
based organization established to help disseminate information and improve
awareness/education in the fight against TB.

It is also worth noting that road traffic injuries (vehicular accident) is an


emerging problem in the city. Advocacy and strict implementation of road traffic –
related ordinances, laws, rules and regulations need to be strengthened. Healthy
Lifestyle, Health Risk Management Initiatives in the aim of removing the common
cause of mortality and morbidity from the top 10 linelist has started. It is evident
enough in the sudden drop of lifestyle diseases in the linelist as shown in this table.
HPN of all types drops from 4th rank in 2014 to 7th in 2015. Health consciousness
and adaptation to healthy lifestyle activities and exercises has contributed much.
Access to regular provision of maintenance medications for hypertensive and
diabetic is also considered. Climate change adaptation measures are also being
strongly advocated and taken into consideration.

Table 3.21.2 Ten Leading Causes of Morbidity for Past 5 years, (2011 - 2015)

CAUSES
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Bronchitis 3686 (1) 390 (3) 593 (6)
Acute Respiratory Infection 4,049 1655
1767 (1) 723 (2) 1890 (1)
(ARI) (2) (3)
Hypertensive Vascular 666 (3)

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

CAUSES
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Diseases
Soft Tissue Skin Infection 576 (4)
Pneumonia 1656
551 (5) 904 (3) 1203 (1) 1045 (2)
(2)
Musculoskeletal Disorders 421 (6)
Systemic Viral Infection
303 (7) 1193 (2) 486 (3) 643 (5)
(SVI)
Headache/Migraine/Vertigo 275 (8)
Wounds (all forms) 273 (9) 178 (6) 225 (6) 105 (10)
Scabies 402 (4) 101 (10)
Hypertension all types 264 (5) 290 (4) 469 (7)
Bronchial Asthma 173 (7) 161 (8) 217 (5) 366 (8)
Impetigo 150 (8)
Allergic Rhinitis 117 (9)
Pulmonary Tuberculosis
109 (10) 161 (6) 1129 (4)
(PTB)
URTI 3060
456 (4)
(1)
UTI 230
245 (5) 111 (9)
(10)
Soft Skin Tissue Infection 186 (7) 115 (8)
AGE/Diarrhea 155 (9) 150 (7) 295 (9)
Source: City Health Office

Table 3.2.3 shows that lifestyle diseases such as Hypertensive Cardiovascular


Disease (HCVD), Myocardial Infarction (MI), kidney Diseases and CA of all types are
fast rising as leading causes of mortality in the city. Emphasis on health service
delivery must be taken into account in the prevention of onset of lifestyle diseases
through promotion of healthy lifestyle advocacies and activities. Limitations in the
provision of diagnostic and therapeutic support to these patients at the primary
health care facilities has to be considered such as lack of Medical Technologists and
laboratory equipments in providing blood chem. analysis and ECG. Provision of
medications is also limited.

On the other hand, road traffic injury (vehicular accidents) is an emerging


problem as well and causes death at no. 6 while pulmonary tuberculosis remains a
major health problem and is climbing up from rank 9 in 2014 to 8 in 2015. TB Cure
Rate and Treatment Success Rate of 47%, 63% in 2014 and 62%,66% in 2015
respectivelyis still below the national benchmark .

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Table 3.21.3 Ten Leading Causes of Mortality , CY 2011 - 2015

No. of Deaths
CAUSES
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
CAP/Pneumonia 357 (1) 274 (3) 383 (2) 343 (1)
Myocardial 556 (1)
211 (2) 245 (4) 405 (1) 215 (3)
Infection (MI)
Trauma, 176 (3)
167 (3) 105 (6) 82 (7)
unspecified
Diabetes Mellitus 142 (4) 112 (5)
Hypertensive 117 (5)
Cardiovascular 140 (5) 339 (2) 157 (3) 67 (9)
Disease
Pulmonary
Tuberculosis (All 92 (6)
forms)
Congestive Heart 78 (7)
57 (7) 87 (8) 61 (8)
Failure (CHF)
CP Arrest
44 (8)
(Unknown Etiology)
Bronchial Asthma 40 (9)
Dengue
33 (10)
Hemorrhagic Fever
AGE/Diarrhea 318 (2)
Septecemia 124 (4) 102 (7) 101 (6) 137 (5)
Kidney Disease 107 (6) 126 (5) 129 (4) 146 (4)
GI Bleeding 68 (8) 64 (10) 74 (7)
Liver Cirrhosis 67 (9) 68 (9) 44 (10)
Anemia 36 (10)
Drowning 736 (1)
Pulmonary
57 (9) 71 (8)
Tuberculosis (PTB)
CA of all types 234 (2)
Vehicular Accident 126 (6)
Cerebrovascular 55 (10)
Accident
Source: City Health Office

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

3.30 Nutritional Status

The City Nutrition Office is in charge in monitoring the nutritional status of


preschool children in TaclobanCity .The office also provide programs and services
related to nutrition with the assistance of the trained Barangay Nutrition Scholars
(BNS). Table 3.2.5 shows the nutritional status of preschool children for the last three
years. For the year 2013, of the 26,913 preschool children weighed 370 or 1.37%
were severely underweight. The alarming increase in the underweight and severely
underweight children was an aftereffect of typhoon Yolanda. Lack of nutritious food,
potable water were among the contributory factors to the increase of underweight
and severely underweight children in the year 2013. With the efforts of the city
government and assistance from NGOs ,INGOs& other agenciessupplemental
feeding, nutrition education, and trainings on Nutrition in Emergencies (NIE) were
provided both to the child and mothers. This resulted to the decrease of underweight
and severely underweight children in the years 2014 and 2015 .The number of
severely underweight children and prevalence of underweight children is one of the
indicators for the Millennium Development Goals under the number one goal which
is eradication of extreme poverty and hunger.

Table 3.30.1 Malnourished Children for the Last Three Years (2013-2015)

Table 3.30.2 Degree of Malnutrition , Tacloban City 2015

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Degree of Malnutition GENDER YEAR


total 2013 2014 2015
No. of Preschool M 13,674 6,527 7,910
Children weighed by sex F 13,239 6,524 7,423
T 26,913 13,051 15,333
(76%)
Normal M 12,695 5,964 7,315
F 12,302 6,023 6,965
T 24,997 11,987 14,280
Underweight M 656 415 448
F 631 392 337
T 1,287 807 785
(4.48%) (6.17%) (5.11%)
Severely Underweight M 195 58 45
F 175 54 40
T 370 112 85
(1.37%) (.85%) (.55%)
Overweight M 128 90 102
F 131 55 81
T 259 145 183
(.96%) (.42%) (1.18%)

3.31 Sanitation:

Table 3.2.8 shows that 91% of the total households have access to sanitary
toilet facilities, while 4% with unsanitary toilet facilities and 4% has no toilet facility.
Households with unsanitary/no toilet facilities can be attributed with poor knowledge
on the importance of toilet facility and it’s health effects, financial capability,
geographical location of the household and the type of land ownership. However, the
city have initiated interventions in addressing these issue. Strengthened advocacy
campaigns on Phil. Approach to Total Sanitation (PhATS), Water Sanitation and
Hygiene Promotion (WASH) activities has been conducted and enhanced.

Table 3.31.1 Number of Household in Occupied Housing Units by Type of


Toilet,NSO Survey 2014

Kind of Toilet Facility Household


Water- sealed sewer septic tank used exclusively by 34,025
Water- sealed sewer septic tank shared 10,033
Water- sealed other depository used exclusively 605
Water- sealed other depository shared with other households 1,916
Closed Pit 221
Open Pit 1,201
Others (pail system and others) 878
None 2,011
Total 50,890
Barangays living along the coastal areas are the ones with unsanitary toilet or
no toilet at all. With the assistance from INGOs particularly Save the children in
partnership with the City Health Office a program on zero open defecation was
launched in 2014.

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Table 3.31.2 Solid Waste Water Generation by Source, Tacloban City


NSO Survey 2014

Sources Types of Volume of Volume of Disposal Disposal


Waste solid waste Solid Waste methods/tre Site
generated Collected(to atment
(tons/day) ns/day) facilities

Domestic Mixed Ave. 209.34 Ave. 138.0 Controlled Brgy.


Waste ton/day ton/day Dumpsite 106, Sto
Facility Niño Tac.
City
Commercial Mixed Ave.102.00
Waste ton/day
Hospital Infectious Ave. 0.48 Ave. 0.48 Dig & Bury, Brgy.
Waste ton/day ton/day cover 106, Sto
Niño Tac.
City

3.32 Family Planning Services

Family planning services are being extended to the Taclobanons through the
City Population Office and the City Health Office. They provide various family
planning and client evaluation services. The following are the basic services
extended:

- Motivation of parents on different FP methods


- Pre-marriage counseling
- Provision of different contraceptives methods
- Conduct RPM classes in coordination with the City Popcom Office
- Referrals of clients for permanent ecords (TBL/Vasectomy)
- Follow up clients thru home visitation.

3.33 Cemeteries and Memorial Parks

There are two public cemeteries in the city. However the one located at Brgy.
55 El Reposo is already full. The North Tacloban Cemetery is almost full and the
city is in need of additional cemetery. On the other hand the city has 4 private
cemeteries located at Brgy. 94-A Basper, Brgy, 99 Diit and Brgy. 96. These
cemeteries are not yet fully occupied, because of its high cost. Only a few could
afford these private cemeteries.

CPDO Computations for projected no. of deaths was based on the projected
population & Crude Death Rate for 2014. Projected area requirement for burial
grounds was based on the projected no. of deaths & the standard minimum plot
size of 1.0m by 2.44m. And based on this computation, the city will need a total of
6.8 has in the next nine years. The city has identified 2 sites for a public cemetery to

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

be located at the North and the other at the south. Table 3.2.6 presents the different
Cemeteries and Memorial Parks of TaclobanCity .

Table 3.33.1 Cemeteries & Memorial Parks in Tacloban City , 2015

Name of Barangay Ownership Area Capacity(No.


Cemetery of Plots)
1.Leyte Catholic Brgy. 55 El Public 3 has 12,500
Cemetery Reposo
2.Tacloban Brgy. 96 Private 2.93has. 12,208
Chinese Calanipawan
Cemetery
3.Holy Cross Brgy. 94-A Basper Private 7. 5 has 31,250
Memorial Garden
4. North Tacloban Brgy. 94-A Basper Public 5has. 20,833
Cemetery
5. Diit Memorial Brgy. 99 Diit Private 6.87has. 28,625
Park
6. Superior Brgy. 99 Diit Private 10.1837 42,429
Memorial Garden has.
Total 35.483. 147,845
Has.
Source: City Planning & Development Office

3.34 Social Welfare Services

Social Welfare programs and services are made available by the City
Government of Tacloban through the City Social Welfare and Development Office
(CSWDO). The CSWDO primarily extends the following services to the constituents
to ensure that the Taclobanons receive optimal social welfare services.

With 52 personnel complement of the City Social Welfare and Development


Office, various social welfare services are performed to benefit the less privileged
and the disadvantaged constituents of the city. Moreover, these services are
broadened to other various clienteles such as the people with disabilities, the elderly,
the women and the children.

3.35 Education

In response to the call for a quality and lifelong learning programs and
projects the different sectors and institutions for education both public and private
are united in achieving quality education for all. Tacloban City is faced with the
challenge to sustain and maintain the city’s being the center for excellence in
education. The city government has to envisage the increasing population of
students from pre elementary up to the tertiary level. There is a need for more
modern educational equipment and facilities particularly in public schools. Trainings
and capability building for teachers and other school personnel are to be sustained
and improved.

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

With the 2013 disaster that occurred in the city the education sector was badly
devastated in all aspects which includes the students, teachers, physical facilities
(buildings computers etc.) This time after three years the education sector is fast
recovering from the disaster with the help from the different GOs, INGOs, private
and government sectors. More resilient school buildings are being built. Both the
teaching force and students had undergone Mental Health & Psychological Services.
Disaster preparedness and mitigation is on going in the education sector. With this
development there is still a need for more school buildings particularly at the
Tacloban North because it is where the homeless victims of the disaster is being
brought. For the Tacloban North there is a need for an estimated number of
additional 384 elementary school classrooms and 255 highschool. These school
classrooms will be needed within three years because of the on going transfer of
families.
The Schools Division of Tacloban City has 3 levels of education the
Kindergarten, Elementary and the Secondary. Among the 3 levels of education,
elementary has the highest enrolment both in public and private schools. (See Table
3.35.1 for the Comparative Enrolment of public and private schools)

Figure 3.35.1
Comparative Enrolment of Public & Private Schools by Level of Education
SY 2014-2015 and SY 2015-2016

Table 3.35.1 Comparative Enrolment of Public & Private Schools by Level of


Education SY 2014-2015 and SY 2015-2016

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Level of Public Private Total


Education SY 2014- SY 2015- SY 2014- SY 2015- SY 2014- SY 2015-
15 16 15 16 15 16
Kindergarten 4,041 4,192 1,802 1,921 5,843 6,113
Elementary 28,023 28,597 4,056 4,568 32,079 33,165
Secondary 16,273 16,438 2,764 3,483 19,037 19,921
Total 48,337 49,227 8,622 9,972 56,959 59,199
Source:Schools Division of Tacloban City Annual Report 2015

The enrolment for every elementary and secondary public schools is


presented in Table 3.1.2. For the elementary level San Jose Elementary School has
the highest enrolment for the school years 2014-2015 & 2015-2016. For the
secondary level the Leyte National Highschool has the highest number of enrolees
for two school years. Generally the enrolment increased in school year 2015-2016
by 2.3%.

Table 3.35.3
Public Secondary Enrolment PerSchool SY 2014-15 & SY 2015-16

Secondary Public Schools


CLASSROOM
ENROLMENT

NUMBER OF

NUMBER OF
TEACHERS

TEACHER
RATIO
CLASS
ROOM
RATIO
Anibong Night High School 161 4 40 9 17
Antonio Balmes National High School 213 4 53 9 23
Cirilo Roy Montejo High School 1,734 25 69 52 33
Cirilo Night High School 181 11 16 8 22
Leyte National High School 5,532 165 34 184 30
Marasbaras National High School 902 15 60 27 33
Northern Tacloban City Nat’l. HS 611 13 47 17 35
Sagkahan National High School 2,274 45 51 74 30
San Jose National High School 1,785 41 44 60 29
San Jose Night High School 166 8 21 12 13
Scandinavian National High School 271 5 54 12 22
Tacloban City National High School 1,521 26 59 47 34
Tacloban City Night High School 426 8 53 23 18
Tacloban National Agri. School 661 29 23 21 31
TOTAL 16,438 395 41 555 30

Source:Schools Division of Tacloban City Annual Report 2015

Table 3.35.2
Public Elementary Enrolment PerSchool SY 2014-15 & SY 2015-16

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Elementary Public Schools

CLASSROOM
ENROLMENT

NUMBER OF

NUMBER OF
TEACHERS

TEACHER
CLASS
ROOM
RATIO

RATIO
Rizal Central School 2,343 53 44 49 47
RTR Elementary School 832 26 32 24 36
Bliss Elementary School 463 15 31 14 33
Salvacion Elementary School 444 12 37 13 34
Caibaan Elementary School 1,153 22 52 24 48
Tagpuro Elementary School 291 7 42 7 41
Lorenzo Daa Memorial School 261 7 37 6 43
San Fernando Central School 2,192 56 39 49 44
Bañez Memorial School 804 21 38 17 47
Bayanihan Elementary School 432 11 39 12 36
San Roque Elementary School 167 7 24 8 24
Palanog Resettlement 565 14 40 14 40
JARMS 876 18 49 19 46
UTAP 561 6 94 14 40
Kapangi-an Central School 1,870 34 55 44 42
Sto. Niño SPED Center 1,122 30 37 19 59
Bulante Elementary School 363 10 36 10 36
Sta. Elena Elementary School 201 7 29 7 28
Cabalawan Elementary School 584 17 34 15 38
Basper Elementary School 304 8 38 8 38
Palanog Elementary School 813 17 48 21 48
Panalaron Central School 706 24 29 19 29
Sagkahan Elementary School 1,875 55 34 43 34
Tigbao- Diit Elementary School 923 25 37 21 37
Bagacay Elementary School 643 23 28 19 28
Mercy Ville Elementary School 477 10 48 13 48
San Jose Central School 3,117 88 35 84 35
Marasbaras Elementary School 1,002 29 35 25 35
DVQ Memorial School 669 18 37 18 37
Nula- Tula Elementary School 482 11 44 13 44
Camansihay Elementary School 277 9 31 8 31
Sto. Niño Primary School 369 9 41 10 41
Fishermen’s Village 300 17 18 16 18
Manlurip Primary School 396 12 33 11 33
City Central School 1,127 30 38 25 38
Anibong Elementary School 1,364 35 39 35 39
V&G Memorial School 1,183 32 37 32 37
Lucio Vivero Memorial School 780 16 49 16 49
Old Kawayan Elementary School 96 3 32 6 32
Scandinavian Elementary School 362 9 40 9 40
TOTAL 32,789 853 38 817 40

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Table 3.35.4
Private Elementary & Secondary Enrollment PerSchool
SY 2014-15 & SY 2015-16

SCHOOLS BARANGAY ELEMENTARY


SY 2014- SY 2015-
2015 2016
1. Alpha Omega Learner 135 145
Center
2. Antonio Vargas Salmo Brgy. 50 110 120
School Foundation Inc.
3. Asian Development Brgy. 62-A 291 284
Foundation College
4. Bright Sparks International Brgy. 25 27 38
5. Cambridge Center for 104 91
International Studies
6. Grace Baptist Academy Brgy. 77 128 134
7. Holy Infant College 146 143
8. Holy Virgin of Salvacion Brgy. 83-C 217 193
School, Inc.
9. JE Mondejar Computer Brgy. 71 76 92
College
10. Leyte Colleges Brgy. 46
11. Leyte Progressive High Brgy. 39 222 183
Scholl
12. Liceo Del Verbo Divino Brgy. 43 825 841
13. Maranata Christian 38
Academy of Tacloban City,
Inc.
14. MSH Sister’s Academy 76 59
15. Perpetual Help Learning 148 175
Center
16. Sacred Heart College Brgy. 8 154 565
17. St. Benedict College of 27 22
Tacloban, Inc.
18. St. Bridget Learning center 55 87
of Tacloban City Inc.
19. St. Joseph Freinademetz 63 72
School, Inc.
20. Sto. Niño Education 50 52
Center
21. St. Therese Christian Brgy. 27 485 565
Development Center
(STCDCFI)
22. St. Therese Educational Brgy. 92 1,516 1,591
Foundation of Tacloban
(STEFTI)
23. Tacloban Angilicum Brgy. 110 361 416
Learning Center, Inc.

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

SCHOOLS BARANGAY ELEMENTARY


SY 2014- SY 2015-
2015 2016
24. Tacloban City Adventist Brgy. 58 171 172
Elementary School
25. United Church Family Life Brgy. 46 230 198
Program
26. Xavier Early Academy 44 74
27. Leyte Normal University- Brgy. 336
Integrated Laboratory
School
Secondary Level
1. Antonio Vargas Salmo 72 67
School Foundation Inc.
2. Asian Development Brgy. 62A 174 148
Foundation College
3. Cambridge Center for 62 46
International Studies
4. Grace Baptist Academy Brgy. 77 17 11
5. Holy Infant College Brgy. 49 272 240
6. Holy Virgin of Salvacion Brgy. 83-C 109 86
School, Inc.
7. JE Mondejar Computer Brgy. 71 62 56
College
8. Leyte Colleges Brgy. 46 72 56
9. Leyte Progressive High Brgy. 39 149 133
Scholl
10. Liceo Del Verbo Divino Brgy. 43 728 758
11. Sacred Heart College Brgy. 3 255 223
12. St. Scholastica’s College of Brgy. 43 56
Tacloban
13. St. Therese Christian Brgy. 27 94 117
Development Center
(STCDCFI)
14. St. Therese Educational Brgy. 91 562 624
Foundation of Tacloban
(STEFTI)
15. Tacloban Angilicum Brgy. 92 136 136
Learning Center, Inc.
16. Leyte Normal University- Brgy. 50 128
Integrated Laboratory
School
17. Eastern Visayas State Brgy. 44-A 598
University – Secondary
Laboratory School
Source:Schools Division of Tacloban City Annual Report 2015

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

As shown in Table 3.35.4 there are 817 public school teachers distributed in
the different 40 elementary schools giving a ratio of 40 elementary pupils in every
one teacher. While in the secondary school the ratio is 29 highschool students for a
teacher.the teacher-student ratio in the elementary and secondary schools are within
the standard ratio and is manageable as compared to other urban localities. This
means that the teachers could still manage their school room settings because of the
convenient number of students per teacher. For the private elementary and private
secondary schools the ratio for the elementary is 38 student to one teacher and forty
six student to one teacher for the secondary level.

Table 3.35.5 presents the summary of student-teacher –classroom by level both in


public and private schools.

Table 3.35.5
Public and Private Student-Teacher-Classroom Ratio by LEVEL, SY 2015-2016
Type / Enrolment No. of Teachers Studen No. Studen
Level t/ of t/
Class
M F Total M F Tota Teache room Class
l r Ratio s room
Ratio
Private
Elementar 2,19 2,37 4,56 8 12 38:1 125 37:1
y 3 5 8 33 7 0
Secondar 1,56 1,91 3,48 5 7 46:1 81 43:1
y 7 6 3 20 5 5
Sub Total 3,76 4,29 8,05 14 19
0 1 1 53 2 5
Public
Elementar 17,05 15,73 32,78 73 81 40:1 853 38:1
y 0 9 9 82 5 7
Secondar 8,54 7,89 16,43 1 39 55 29:1 395 42:1
y 8 0 8 56 9 5
Sub Total 25,59 23,62 49,22 2 1,13 1,37
8 9 7 38 4 2

Source: School Division of Tacloban City Accomplishment Report 2015

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

The Cohort Survival Rate is shown in Table 3.1.7 In the elementary level ,the
cohort survival rate decreased from 93.75% to 59.38% (34.37% decrease)for SY
2013-2014 to SY 2014-2015. Similarly for the secondary level the cohort survival
rate also decreased from 77.37% to 54.32% (22.64%)for the school year 2013-14
and 2014-15.The decrease of the CSR for both the elementary and secondary level
is still due to the disaster that happened in 2013.Cohort Survival Rate is the
proportion of enrolees at the in Grade 1 who reach grade 6 for the elementary level.
CSR for the secondary level is the proportion of enrolees in Grade 7 three years ago
who reach fourth year.

For the tertiary education the different state universities and colleges in the
city and other concerned agencies such as TESDA offered various education
programs and courses to match not only the city but also the region’s labor
requirement on agriculture, industry and services. Short term courses on electronics
and electricity trades, metal trades, mechanical trades, air conditioning and
refrigeration trades were among the center based programs offered. On the other
hand food trades, clothing , restaurant management , computer science are some of
the school based programs. Although finishing a college degree and even vocational
courses had not been a guarantee to land in a job related to the degree these
students had attained. Even with the absence of statistics data on the percentage of
graduates in the city who gets employed it is clearly felt and can be observed that
there are plenty of graduates who are jobless.

Nevertheless even with these challenges the different educational institutions


in the city both in the public and private amidst the challenges had garnered national,
and regional awards and citations in relation to academic achievements, as well as
being board placers in the different examinations

Table 3.35.6 Performance Indicator in the Elementary & Secondary Level


SY 2013-15 Tacloban City
Secondary
Performance SY
Indicator SY SY SY
2013-
2014-2015 2013-2014 2014-2015
2014
Participation
98.31 88.22 72.09 64.38
Rate
Cohort Survival
93.75 59.38 77.37 54.72
Rate
Source: DECS, Tacloban City Schools Division Accomplishment Report 2015

Table 3.1.8 presents the Net Enrolment Ratio or Participation Rate in the
elementary and secondary level which refers to the ratio between the enrolments in
the school age range (6-11 years old for the elementary and 12-15 years old for the
secondary) to the total population of the respective age range. It is so evident that
there is a decrease of EPR for both the elementary and secondary. For the
elementary level a decrease of 10.09% and 7.71% decrease for the secondary level.
The decrease of the EPR for both elementary and secondary level can be attributed
to the Typhoon Yolanda where almost all the families were greatly affected including

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

the elementary and highschool students. The reasons that can be attributed to the
decrease in the EPR are the follwing reasons; Transfer of families to another
place/school like Cebu City, Manila etc; Trauma and Emotionally disturbed; Death;
Some classrooms were still used as evacuation center; and lastly schools were
destroyed discouraging students to report to school

Table 3.35.7
Historical Enrolment Participation Rate for the Last Three (3) Years
Tacloban City

Public Enrolment Participation Rate (EPR)


School Year Elementary Secondary
2013 – 2014 98.31 72.09
2014 – 2015 88.22 64.38
Source:Department of Education Tacloban City Schools Division, 2015

Existing Schools, Location, Facilities & Conditions

Table 3.1.9 and 3.1.10 shows the different schools by level, facilities, condition
and hazard susceptibility. It would be noted that all public schools particularly those
located at the downtown area and San Jose are susceptible to storm surge. This
was experienced during the onslaught of Typhoon Yolanda. These public schools
were also used as evacuation centers. However for the private schools only few
were used as evacuation center. After two years these schools were repaired
reconstructed making it more resilient.The schools that are high in hazard
susceptibility should either be retrofitted, rebuilt or transferred to a higher or safe
area. Some of the schools which were provided assistance from the different INGOs
were able to build a resilient school classroom or school buildings. Some of these
schools are the Marasbaras Elementary School, San Fernando Elementary School,
San Jose Elementary etc. These schools are much better than their previous old
buildings.
A total of 8.25 has. are needed to met the standard area requirement for a
school site in the public elementary school. Table 3.1.11 presents the variance area
requirement for the school site . However other schools like the Rizal Central School
they opt to increase their area through building additional classrooms in the second
to third level.

3.40 HOUSING

On November 8, 2013, Super Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) considered the


strongest in recorded history struck the Philippines with maximum wind speed of 378
km/h and storm surges of over four meters. Typhoon Yolanda affected a total of 3
million families or 14 million people and damaged a total of 1 million houses across 9
of the 17 regions of the country (DSWD, 2014). Tacloban, the regional hub of Region
VIII and the 5th fastest growing city in the country, suffered the greatest damage to
housing and settlements among all cities/ municipalities in the country with 30,513
totally damaged and 23,718 partially damaged houses, accounting for 5 percent of
the total damaged houses at the national level (TRRP, 2014).

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Tacloban Development Group (TACDEV) was created to come up with a plan


to solve the increasing housing backlog of the city which was aggravated with the
worst disaster that struck the region/city. TACDEV is spearheaded by the City
Housing andDevelopment Office together with other offices, UN habitat and other
partner NGOs/INGOs. A Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment (CCVA) was
conducted with different stakeholders of the city .CCVA analysed the city’s exposure,
sensitivity, adaptive capacity and relative vulnerability to climate change.

In Tacloban City out of the 138 barangays there are 102 barangay identified
as coastal barangays (RA 8550 known as the Phil. Fisheries Code of 1998 defining
coastal barangays within 1km from the shoreline)from this total HH there are 12,012
Informal Settler Families. However the ISFs that would be given priority are the ISFs
along the 36 coastal barangays that experienced 3-5 meter storm surge (5,400
ISFs). Initially the city government identified the Northern Barangays as the
relocation sites for ISFsand housing projects. There are 26 New Resettlement
Areas/Socialized Housing located at the Tacloban North .

For the years 2007 and 2010 there was a 7% increase in the no. of
household. However the increase in number of household is not equivalent with the
number of housing units. There is an excess of 720 household between 2007 and
2010.Similarly the increase in the number of household between 2010 and 2014
does not correspond with the increase in housing units. This data indicates that the
city has a high housing shortage and it will continue to increase in the next years.
The city government and other agencies has to come up with housing projects
particularly for the ISFs, those along the NBZ and other hazardous area to answer
the increasing housing backlog of the city. Table 3.40.1 shows the housing situation
of the city for the last three censal years.

Table 3.40.1 Housing Situation for the Past Three Censal Years
(2007,2010,2014)

2007 2010 2014


No. Incr. / No. Incr. / No. Incr. /
Decr. Decr. % Decr.
% %
216,21 21.74 219,31 1.4%↑ 239,93 9.4%↑
Households Population 4 4 8
42,522 22.34 45,478 7.00% 50,890 12%↑
Households (HH)
42,245 14 44,758 5.3%↑ 50,100 12%↑
Housing Units (HU)
Occupied HU 41,977 24.28 44,613 6.3%↑ 49,648 11%↑
268 91.83 865 222.8% 452
Vacant HU ↓ ↑ -47%↓
Ratio of HH to 1.01 1.01 1.02
Occupied HU
Ratio of HH Population 5.15 4.9
to Occupied HU
Source: NSO, CPDO

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

The housing backlog of the city for the year 2015 is shown in Table 3.40.2
Housing backlog are composed of the doubled-up households, unacceptable
housing units and makeshift/salvage and improvised household. In addition to these,
informal settlers, homeless, and those living along danger zones are also included
in determining the housing backlog. Table 3.40.2 shows 18,540 housing backlog.

Table 3.40.2. Housing Backlog, Tacloban City, 2015

Backlog CY 2015
No. %
Doubled- Up Household 1,242 7
Displaced Units 13,417 93
Total Backlog 14,659 100%

Tacloban City being a highly urbanized city where economic activity is at its
highest, the influx of people also increases. There is a rapid increase of informal
settlers. They have proliferated in vacant and government lots along coast,
riverbanks and creeks. With this condition aggravated by the fast increase in
population, consequentially, the problem of growing housing needs. Informal settlers
are those living in danger areas like along the shoreline, on lands earmarked for
government infrastructure, areas where there is a court order for eviction and
demolition. It would be noted that these informal settlers are mostly families who
earn income in a daily basis like vendors, drivers, farmers, fisherfolks and migrants
who flock into the city to earn a living.

Different informal settlers in the city occupying an area of 37.6hectares with a


minimum of 15 sqm per household. Most of these settlers are found in the urban
area especially where economic activities are conducted. Since they are situated in
urban barangays they also have access to the different facilities, utilities and
amenities afforded to the people like electricity, water,roads, transportation

Table 3.40.5 Number of Household by Type of Building and Tenure Status of


Lot, NSO Survey, 2014

Housing / lot Tenure Status Household


Own or owner like possession of house and lot 18,514
Rent house/room including lot 2,755
Own house rent lot 3,831
Own house rent-free lot with consent of owner 17,186
Own house rent-free lot without consent of owner 3,804
Rent-free house and lot with consent of owner 2,857
Rent-free house and lot without consent of owner 701
total 49,648

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Number of Housing Units, by type of building

Table 3.40.3 Occupied Housing Unit by Type of Building, Tacloban City


NSO Survey, 2010
HH-
Population to
Total Number of Household occupied
Type of Building Occupied Households Population housing units
Single house 39,549 40,338 197,365 5.00
Duplex 2,043 2,068 9,083 4.40
Multi-residential 2,526 2,559 10,502 4.20
Commercial /
Industrial/Agri 392 410 1,927 4.90
Institutional living
quarters 26 26 118 4.50
Other housing unit 6 6 11 1.80
Not reported 71 71 308 4.30
Total 44,613 45,478 219,314 4.90

Table 3.40.4 List of Temporary Shelters and Status, City Housing Office 2014

TEMPORATY Name of Project Completed Occupied Vacant


SHELTERS
97 - CABALAWAN CALI Transitional 117 115 2
Shelter
101 - KAWAYAN LGU Duplex 1 149 64 85
LGU Duplex 2 100 48 52
OC Site 1 40 35 5
OC Site 2 36 0 36
105 - SAN ISIDRO Yu Transitional 246 73 173
Shelter
PDRF 65 0 65
106 - STO. NIÑO Badato Transitional 70 25 45
Shelter
OB Sto. Niño 60 39 21
108 - TAGPURO Tagpuro 86 67 19
Transitional Shelter
TOTAL 969 466 503

BUNKHOUSE No. of IDPs


IPI, Barangay 95 Caibaan 290
NHA 308
Abucay 199
TOTAL 797

Table 3.40.5 List of Permanent Shelters and Status, City Housing Office, 2015

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

PERMANENT Name of Project Targets Completed Occupied


SHELTER Units
1. NHA Projects
97 - CABALAWAN Ridge View 1 1000 940 211
Ridge View 2 1000
105 - SAN ISIDRO Greendale 1 327
Greendale 2 854
Greendale 3 459
St. Francis 1000
106 – STO. NIÑO North Hill Arbour 1 1000
North Hill Arbour 2 1000
Guaulupe 1 1000
Guaulupe 2 1000
Guaulupe 3 1000
108 - TAGPURO Villa Sofia 481 100 28
98 - CAMANSIHAY Knigthsridge 1000
Height
104 - CAMANSIHAY Salvacion Height 532
101 - NEW KAWAYAN Villa Diana 409 409 113
107 - STA. ELENA New Hope Village 1000
SUBTOTAL 13,062 1449 352

2. INGO/NGO Projects
PERMANENT Name of Project Target Complete Occupie Vacant
SHELTER Unit d d
97- Lion’s 52 52 52
CABALAWAN Village/Habitat for
Humanity
UNDP Housing 55
Project
PICE Housing 55
Project
101 - NEW SM Cares 600
KAWAYAN
103 - Operation Blessing 300 20 20
PALANOG Housing Project
106 - STO. GMA-KFI Housing 403 403 400
NIÑO Project
Habitat for Humanity 543 197 71 126
Housing Project (at
Lot 4466/4428)
Global Medic 16 16 16 0
Housing Project (at
Malate Area)
SOS Housing 145
Project

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

PERMANENT Name of Project Target Complete Occupie Vacant


SHELTER Unit d d
UPA 500

SUB TOTAL 2,669 688 487 178

TOTAL PERMANENT SHELTER 15731 2137 839 101

Source: City Housing Office

Table 3.40.5 List of Subdivision and Classification, CPDO- 2015

Name of Classification Location Area


Subdivision/ (hectares) No. of
Condominium Lots/Units
1. Beriso Heights Economic & Marasbaras
Subd. Socialized
2. St Andrew Subd. Economic & Brgy. 78
Socialized
3. RJD Homes Subd. Economic & Brgy. 84
Socialized Manlurip
Jose
4. Lolita Village Economic & Brgy. 96
Socialized
5. Richmond Court Economic & Brgy. 93
Subd. Socialized
6. Cancabato ville Economic & Brgy. 88 San
Socialized Jose
7. Villa Lolita Economic & Marasbaras
Socialized & San Jose
8. Aguirre Subd. Economic & Brgy. 110
Socialized Utap
9. Kassel City Economic & Brgy. Abucay
Socialized 91
10. Beta Bayview Open Market Brgy. 88 San
Homes/timex Jose
11. Villa Cinco Subd. Economic & Brgy. 88 San
Socialized Jose
12.Villa Leoncia Economic & Cogon San
Subd. Socialized Jose
13. Basioville Subd. Economic & Brgy. 94
Socialized Tigbao
14. Mary Queen Ville Socialized Brgy. 94
Tigbao

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Name of Classification Location Area


Subdivision/ (hectares) No. of
Condominium Lots/Units
15. Villa Ines Homes Open Market Apitong &
San Jose
16. Villa de San Open Market Brgy. 93
Juanico
17. Villa Rita Subd. Economic & Manlurip San
Socialized Jose
18. G.B. Realty Dev't Socialized Brgy. 94
Corp Tigbao
19. Xanadu Village Socialized Brgy. 94
Tigbao
20. Villa Mayor Subd. Economic & Caibaan
Socialized
21. Vista Estrella Socialized Brgy. 97
Cabalwan
23. Jeboren Ville Open Market Marasbaras

24. Natividad De Los Open Market Caibaan


Santos Subd.
25. Regina Heights Socialized Abucay/Brgy.
74
26. Villa Dolina Subd. Economic & Brgy. 80
Socialized Marasbaras
27. kassel Homes Economic & Brgy. 71
Subd. Socialized
28. V&G Subd. Open Market Brgy. 109

29. Hacienda V. Open Market Utap

30. Manuela Garden Open Market San Jose

31. Sunny Ville San Jose

32. Kassel/Kristina Economic & Brgy. 71


Socialized Naga-Naga
33. GB Homes Economic & Brgy. 94
Socialized Toigbao
34. Delgado Subd. Open Market Brgy. 95-A

35. PHHC Open Market Brgy. 72&73

36. Sn. Gerardo Open Market Brgy. 74


Heights

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Name of Classification Location Area


Subdivision/ (hectares) No. of
Condominium Lots/Units
37. Peerless Economic & Brgy. 93
Socialized
38. Lolita Village Economic & Brgy. 92
Socialized Apitong
39. Ubaldo Subd. Open Market Brgy. 74

40. City government Socialized Brgy. 74

41. Rainbow Open Market Brgy. 84

42. Fisherman's Brgy. 88

43. GreenVille Open Market Marasbaras

44. Pleasantville Open Market Sagkahan

45. Algo Homes Open Market Brgy.


Burayan San.
Jose
46. Teacher's Vilage Socialized San Jose

47. GSIS Village Socialized Brgy. 71

48. El Nido Open Market Naga-Naga

49. Imelda Village Open Market Brgy. 71


Naga-Naga
50. Alande Open Market Brgy. 36-A

51. Sto Niño Socialized Marasbaras


Homeowners
52. Citi Homes Economic & Brgy. 91
Socialized
53. Tacloban Verde Economic & Manlurip , 2.80 92
Subdivision Socialized San Jose
54. Sangyaw AFP- Socialized Brgy. 8.67 1400
PNP Housing Project Tagpuro
55. San Juanico Brgy. Nula- 1.34 140
Highlands Tula
Subdivision
56. San Gerardo Open market Brgy. Nula- 1.16 40
Subdivison Tula
56. San Gerardo Socialized Brgy. Nula- 0.40 40
Subdivison Tula

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Name of Classification Location Area


Subdivision/ (hectares) No. of
Condominium Lots/Units
57. Tac. North Socialized Brgy. San 10.10 100
Resettlement Project Isidro & New
Kawayan
58. Brigham Estate Socialized Brgy. 91, 3.50 492
Housing Project Bagacay
59. Ridge View Park Socialized Brgy. 97, 12.97 1000
1 and 2 Cabalawan
60. Villa Diana Socialized Brgy. 101, 2.56 409
Subdivision New
Kawayan
61. Don Alberto Socialized Brgy. 93, 2.71 213
Subdivision Bagacay
62. Lexington Socialized Brgy. 93, 1.47 186
Subdivision Bagacay
63. Survivor Horizon Socialized Brgy. 93, 3.05 356
Subdivision Bagacay
64. Homeland Zion Socialized Brgy. 93, 1.27 145
Subdivision Bagacay
65. Villa Sofia Socialized Brgy. 4.64 582
Housing Project Tagpuro
67. Salvacion Socialized Brgy. 104, 5.85 532
Heights Salvacion
68.Greendale Socialized Brgy. 105, 2.56 327
Residences Phase 1 San Isidro
69. NorthHill Arbours Socialized Brgy. 106, 10.47 1000
2 Sto. Niño
70. NorthHill Arbours Socialized Brgy. 106, 9.72 1000
1 Sto. Niño

3.41 Sources of Drinking Water

The main source of drinking water in Tacloban City is through the Leyte
Metropolitan Water District (LMWD) from its main water supply system coming from
the Tingib and Dagami systems. The water source for the Tingib System is the
Binahaan River of Pastrana and the water source of the Dagami System come from
the rivers of Hitungob and Hinabangan of the Municipality of Dagami. Those living
out side the service area of LMWD specifically in the Northern Barangays
(Cabalawan-Tagpuro) depend on shallow & deep wells for their drinking water.

Another water supplier is Mactan Rock and San Juanico Spring water in
Cabalawan which utilize sub-surface water and series of filters. It supplies some part
of V&G area and Tacloban North housing project (GMA).

Table 3.41 Number of Households in Occupied Dwelling Units

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

by Main Source of Drinking Water – NSO Survey 2014

Source of Water Supply Household


Own use faucet community water system 9,945
Shared faucet community water system 19,401
Own use tubed/piped deep well 89
Shared tubed/piped deep well 1,670
Tubed/piped shallow well 385
Dug well 781
Protected spring 1,098
Unprotected spring 253
Lake river rain and others 23
Peddler 1,721
Bottled water 15,524
Source: NSA

Table 3.42 Source of water for Cooking,Tacloban City, NSO Survey 2014

Source of Water Supply for cooking Households


Own use faucet community water system 19,121
Shared faucet community water system 21,712
Own use tubed/piped deep well 416
Shared tubed/piped deep well 2,556
Tubed/piped shallow well 780
Dug well 1,760
Protected spring 1,259
Unprotected spring 269
Lake river rain and others 29
Peddler 1,434
Bottled water 1,554
total 50,890

Table 3.43 Fuel for lighting, Tacloban City, NSO Survey 2014

Fuel for Lighting Households


Electricity 42,861
Kerosene (Gaas) 3,648
Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) 466
Oil (vegetable animal and others) 18
Others 364
None 138

Table 3.44 Solid Waste Water Generation by Source, City ENRO 2015

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Sources Types Volume of Volume of Disposal Disposal


of solid waste Solid Waste methods/tre Site
Waste generated Collected(to atment
(tons/day) ns/day) facilities

Domestic Mixed Ave. 209.34 Ave. 138.0 Controlled Brgy. 106,


Waste ton/day ton/day Dumpsite Sto Niño
Facility Tac. City
Commerci Mixed Ave.102.00
al Waste ton/day
Hospital Infectio Ave. 0.48 Ave. 0.48 Dig & Bury, Brgy. 106,
us ton/day ton/day cover Sto Niño
Waste Tac. City
Source City EnRO 10 year Solid Waste Mgt. Plan of Tac. City

Table 3.45 Number of Households by Manner of Garbage Disposal, NSO 2014

Manner of Garbage Disposal Household


Picked up by garbage truck 22,687
Dumping in individual pit 1,901
Burning 3,202
Composting 454
Burying 338
Feeding to animals 22,200
Others 108
total 50,890

Table 3.46 Households by Other Source of Household Income, NSO Survey


2014

Other Source of Income Households %


Salaries & Wages 2,929 18.04
Net Share of Crops Fruits Vegetables Fishing
Livestock and Poultry 850 5.24
Cash Receipts Gifts Support Relief and Other
Forms of Assistance from Abroad 1,465 9.02
Cash Receipts Gifts Support Relief and Other
Forms of Assistance from Domestic Source 3,368 20.75
Rentals 365 2.25
Interest 236 1.45
Pension and Retirement 1,283 7.90
Dividends 80 0.49
Profits 5,658 34.85
total 16,234 100.00

Table 3.47 Labor and Employment - Overseas Worker Survey, NSO 2014

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Overseas Worker
Age Group
Yes No Total %
15 - 19 221 27,918 28,139 0.79
20 - 24 274 25,364 25,638 1.07
25 - 29 527 19,378 19,905 2.65
30 - 34 604 16,718 17,322 3.49
35 - 39 462 14,040 14,502 3.19
40 - 44 393 12,610 13,003 3.02
45 - 49 321 11,615 11,936 2.69
50 - 54 242 10,166 10,408 2.33
55 - 59 138 7,989 8,127 1.70
60 - 64 84 6,047 6,131 1.37
65 - 69 45 4,045 4,090 1.10
70 and Over 64 5,928 5,992 1.07
Total 3,375 161,818 165,193 2.04

3.50 SOCIAL WELFARE

Super Typhoon Yolanda that razed Tacloban City last November 08, 2013
caused tremendous damaged on lives and properties of Tacloban City.Records of
the City Social Welfare and Development Office showed that 30,513 dwelling units
were totally damaged while 23,718 were partially damaged.

With this situation, families were displaced and even lost their livelihoods
leaving most of them emotionally disturbed. City Social Welfare and Development
Office being the welfare arm of the City Government of Tacloban immediately
provided social protection programs through the delivery of comprehensive social
services and projects that are in tuned with the present situation.

3.50.1 PROGRAMS IMPLEMENTED BY DIVISION AND TARGET CLIENTELE

Name of Programs Target Clientele


1. Chief Welfare Program Disadvantaged children
0-14 years old 0-14 years old
2.Youth Welfare Program Disadvantaged youth 15-24 years old
15-24 years old
3.Women Welfare Program Women in difficult circumstances and
other needy women
4. Family and Community Welfare Disadvantaged families and communities
Program
5. Senior Citizens Welfare Program Senior Citizens 60 years old and above
6. Persons with Disability Welfare Disabled person or differently abled
Program persons
7. Emergency Assistance Program Individuals in crisis situation
8. Housing and Resettlement Welfare Families and Individual residing in
Program resettlement areas
9. Sustainable Livelihood Program Families/ individuals 18 years old and
above

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Name of Programs Target Clientele


10. Community Based Street Children Street and working children in the
community
11. Social Development Center for Street children and other needy children
Children
12. Information and Communication Out of school youth, differently abled
Training Center person and other needy adults

The City Social Welfare & Development Office covers 12 programs with
different target clientele such as disadvantage children,youth, women in difficult
circumstances, senior citizens, PWD among others. Table 3.4.1 presents the
historical number of population served by clientele. It would be noticed that there is
no presentation for the year 2013. The catastrophe brought about by Yolanda
destroyed all documents of the office. For the year 2012 the population served
reached 61,610. However for the year 2014 after Super Typhoon Yolanda only
24,436 were served but for the year 2015 clientele served increased to 71,299

Table 3.50.2
Historical Number of Population Served By Type of Clientele (2012,2014 &
2015)

Type of Clientele Year


2012 2014 2015
1. Day Care Children 3,989 2,165 3,016
2. Abused Children and Youth
- Sexually 12 13 20
- Physically 40 9 25
- Emotional/ Psychologically 5 2 3

3. Abandoned/ Foundling 12 3 3
4. Orphaned 7
5. Neglected 20 4 35
6. Pre- Delinquent Children and Youth 121 179
7. Children in Conflict with Law 8 15 28
8. Street Children( Center Based) 26 16 22
9. Children at Risk (Community Based) 162 175 684
10. Trafficked Victims
11. Vagrant
12. Strandee
13. Women
- VAWC Cases 193 130 195
- Exploited Women 10
- Other Needy Women 25 11
14. Parents/ Family Heads 31,147 8,845 3,966
15. Solo Parents 211 40 208
16. Needy Youths 5,226 2,172 1,536
17. Pag- asa Youth Association of the Phil. 946 253 653

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Type of Clientele Year


2012 2014 2015
18. Would be Couples 312 630 175
19. Disabled Persons 180 370
20. Mentally Ill 67
21. Other Needy Adults 4,209 1,660
22. Senior Citizen 4,093 3,392
23. Victims of Disaster
- Typhoon 10,326 14,964 54,531
- Landslide 85
- Fire 340 425
TOTAL 61,610 29,436 71,299
Source: CSWDO

Table 3.50.2 presents the different social welfare facilities in the city both
government &private. The clientele served are the disadvantage persons/families,
and the vulnerable sector which needs protection.(PWD,Senior Citizen, children &
women. These facilities provide different services from financial assistance, referrals,
shelter assistance, counselling, trainings, livelihood opportunities among others.

The Women Center and Day Center for Street Children provides temporary
residential care and protection to the abandoned, orphaned, abused, exploited and
neglected children, youth and women.

With the present social welfare facilities the city still lacks other facilities such
as the following:
- Holding Center for CICL –this center is for the pre delinquent children and
youths and children in conflict with Law. The children in conflict with law are
those children whose cases filed in court or adjudged, and delinquent youths/
children are those that have committed crimes, but are not filed in court but
rather they are given diversion programs in the community by a social worker,
barangay council, and parents/ guardians. In most cases they are repeaters of
crimes, meaning that diversion program is not so effective in the community
but is appropriate on a center based setting.

- Senior Citizens Center. During Typhoon Yolanda the Senior Citizens Center in
Brgy. 99 Diit, Tacloban City was severely damaged and has not been
reconstructed.

- A hospital or center for mentally challenged persons but this is a Regional


concern. The City Government of Tacloban thru the City Social Welfare and
Development Office has a budget for the medical needs of the mentally
challenged persons to residents in Tacloban City. But those proliferating
around the city about 90% comes from other municipalities and they are left
roaming around the city due to absence of mental care hospital for their
confinement.

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- Two Information and Communication Training Centers were totally damaged


during Typhoon Yolanda in Brgy. 88 San Jose and Brgy. 64 Sagkahan and
only one center is operational, at present there are applicants for the program
who are waiting for the next batch of computer literacy session since they
cannot be accommodated because the capacity of the ICT Center is only
good for 25 enrollees.

Table 3.50.3 Presence of Social Welfare Facilities, Services and Clientele Year
2015

Type of Facilities Barangay Services Offered Type of Clientele

1.Day Care Centers See Listing Early Childhood Care Children 3-4
(58 units) and Development years old

2.CSWDO Brgy. 25 Referrals to charitable Disadvantaged


institutions by providing families,
social case study report, individuals,
brief case finding, family communities,
assessment, pre PWDs, Senior
marriage counselling Citizens &
services. Financial, food children
and non-food assistance
for victims of calamities,
resume operation.

3.DSWD Regional Brgy. 1 Educational, Medical, Disadvantaged


Office 08 Burial, Transpo., Families &
Livelihood, Food and individuals
Financial Assistance for
victims of calamities.

4.Women’s Shelter Brgy. 25 Homelife services, Women’s in


rescue operation, difficult
facilitates issuance of circumstances
BPO, TPO, PPO, and their children,
attendance to court children & youth
hearings on VAWC, victims of abuse
trafficked victims & and trafficked
abused children & youth. person.

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Type of Facilities Barangay Services Offered Type of Clientele

5.Social Dev’t. Brgy. 108 Homelife services, St. Children


Center for Children educational assistance,
saturation drive, rescue
operation, psychosocial
support services.

6.SOS Children’s Brgy. 99 Residential care/ Abandoned,


Village (private homelife services, orphaned,
owned) educational assistance neglected children
and youth

7.Missionaries of Brgy. 62B Residential care/ Mendicants,


Charity (private homelife services neglected, sickly
owned) older persons &
children

8.Streetlight Brgy. 1 Psychosocial support Drug & alcohol


Philippines (private services, mental health dependents
owned) care services

9.Psychosocial Brgy. 74 Psychosocial support Drug and alcohol


Center (private services, mental health dependents
owned) care services.

10.Farm Brgy.64 Psychosocial support Drug and alcohol


Rehabilitation Bliss services/ mental health dependents
Center (private care
owned)

11.Women’s Brgy.106 Advocacy on social Women in difficult


Friendly Space Sto. Niño protection issues for circumstances &
women other needy
women.

12.Women Friendly Brgy. 101 Advocacy on social Women in difficult


Space protection issues for circumstances &
women other needy
women

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Type of Facilities Barangay Services Offered Type of Clientele

13.Information and Brgy. 25 Computer literacy/ Out of school


Communication CSWDO values formation youths, PWDs
Technology Center Balyuan and other needy
Park adults.

3.60 DAY CARE CENTERS


Tacloban City has 58 Day Care Centers catering to children age 3 to 5 years
old. These Day Care Centers become the basic values and educational arena for the
children, preparing them for their educational needs. This is a free service given by
Day Care Workers of the city Government. Most of the children enrolled in these
centers come from middle and low income working families and those who cannot
afford the private pre-school institutions. For the year 2015, 2695 children were
enrolled in these centers and prepared them for their primary education.

Table 3.60.1 Number and Location of Day Care Centers, Tacloban City, 2015

AREA BARANGAY Location of Day Care Centers


1 66 Paseo de Legaspi
1 68 Anibong
1 69 Anibong
1 71 Naga-naga
1 73 PHHC DCC/Brgy. Hall
1 74 BLISS Project, Lower Nula-tula
1 3 Upper Nula-Tula
2&6 2 Jones Ext. (U.P. Site)
2&6 25 Paterno/SP Compound
3 83 Paraiso, San Jose
3 83-A Burayan DCC, San Jose
3 83-B Cogon/Lolita San Jose
3 83-C Taguictik
3 84 Taguiktik, San Jose Proper
3 85 Sogod, San Jose
3 87 Manlurip, San Jose
3 88 Fisherman’s, San Jose
3 89 San Jose Brgy. Hall
3 79 Marasbaras Elem. School
4 59 Picas
4 60-A Old Road (Fish Shed)
4 62-A Old Road Sagkahan

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

AREA BARANGAY Location of Day Care Centers


4 62-B Molave
4 63 Mangga Sagkahan
4 64 Sagkahan (B L I S S)
4 75 Fatima
5&7 43-A Quarry District
5&7 44 Quarry
5&7 50-A Youngfield
5&7 56 Pericohon
5&7 48-B Magallanes
7 77 Fatima
7 91 Abucay
7 92 Apitong
7 95 Caiba-an
7 95-A Caiba-an
7 96 Calanipawan, Lolita Village
7 110 Utap
8 42-A Cong. Mate Avenue
8 39 Calvary Hill (Siren)
8 36 Sabang
8 37 Reclamation Area (Seawall)
9 94 Tigbao
9 94-A Basper
9 12 Palanog Resettlement
9 93 Bagacay
9 99 Di-it
9 97 Cabalawan
9 100 San Roque
9 100 Scandinavian Village
9 103 Core Shelter
9 103 Palanog Proper
9 104 Salvacion
9 105 San Isidro
9 106 Sto. Niño
9 107 Sta. Elena
9 108 Tagpuro
9 108 Tagpuro Transitional Shelter

For the projected number of social welfare clientele Table 3.4.5 shows that for
the year 2017 the social welfare clientele is 51,120 and for 2025 it increased to
60,508 or by 18.4%. This increase is minimal on the assumption that the social
welfare clientele decreased because the individual clientele provided by the social

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services had improved his way of living and is now self reliant. It is also assumed
that the social welfare facilities had been improved and are more resilient where the
needed services were provided. Computation was based on the assumption that
20% of the population belong to the bottom poor. Poverty incidence for Tacloban City
is 20% .

Table 3.60.2 Projected No. of Social Welfare Clientele (2017-2025)

Year Total No. of Population Projected No. of Social Welfare


Clientele
2014 239,938
2015 245,049 49,010
2016 250,268 50,054
2017 255,599 51,120
2018 261,043 52,209
2019 266,603 53,321
2020 272,282 54,456
2021 278,082 55,616
2022 284,005 56,801
2023 290,054 58,011
2024 296,232 59,246
2025 302,542 60,508
Source: NSO, CPDO

3.61 Recreation and Sports Facilities

a. Type , number & location of sports and recreational facilities

There are different kinds of sports and recreational facilities found in the city.
Mini gyms and , basketball courts can be found in different areas particularly in the
city proper and barangays with huge areas. The city has also billiard halls, swimming
pools, tennis courts, beach resorts and San Juanico Golf Course located at
Barangay Cabalawan Tacloban City. There is also a new recreational site , Villa
Francisco Resort located at Brgy. 100 San Roque. It has amenities such as
swimming pool, horseback riding, billiard and beautiful mountainous scenery.
Concert, PBA games, and other events are held in astrodome where it can
accommodate 7,000 people. Robinsons is another venue for recreational activity like
movies, computer games, shopping and eating. All of these facilities provide the
sports and recreational needs of the Taclobanons as well as guests, tourists coming
from other places both local and international.

With the existence of the City Sports Development Office, sport activities are
conducted not only during summer but the whole year round such as tournaments
and sport clinics. The common sports activities/tournaments, sports competition
conducted are the following: amateur boxing, taekwando, basketball, funrun,
volleyball, football clinic, swimming, chess, golf, body building, billiard and tennis. It
can be noted that all these sports activities not only makes the body physically
healthy but also provides worthwhile activities to the youth sector.

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There is also the increasing number of fitness center because the people are
becoming health conscious . Like wise Taebo Jam is also a physical fitness activity
participated by many individuals. As part of the city government’s program ‘Labs ko
an Lawas ko’ Zumba is regularly conducted at the Tacloban City Hall grounds.
Trainings and sports clinic are also conducted for students , and other youth to
improve and enhance their respective sport .

Nevertheless with the Yolanda Tragedy 95% of these sports and recreational
facilities were devastated. With the aid from the different NGOs/INGOs, the Local
and National Government 70% of these facilities are already restored and the rest
are still undergoing repair, construction and retrofitting.(Table 3.6.1)

Table 3.61.1
Existing Sports and Recreational Facilities by Barangay, Year 2015
Brgy. Type of Facilities Lot Area Ownership
(sq.m)

3 Nula- Tula 1 Basketball Court 400 Public


65 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
66 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
66-A 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
67 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
68 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
69 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
70 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
71 2 Basketball Court 800 Public
72 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
73 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
74 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
Golf Corse Public
1&4 Lawn Tennis Public
Swimming Pool Public
2 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
Volleyball Public
5 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
5-A 1 Goal Basketball Court 150 Public
6 1 Goal Basketball Court 150 Public
Martial Art Gym Public
17 Billiard Public
25 Sepak Takraw Court Public
79 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
82 1 Basketball Court 400 Public

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Brgy. Type of Facilities Lot Area Ownership


(sq.m)

83 1 Basketball Court 400 Public


83-A 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
83-B 1 Goal Basketball Court 150 Public
83-C 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
84 2 Basketball Court 800 Public
85 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
86 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
Billiard Public
87 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
88 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
Beach Volleyball Public
89 1 Goal Basketball Court 150 Public
90 1 Goal Basketball Court 150 Public
58 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
59 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
59-A 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
59-B 1 Goal Basketball Court 150 Public
60 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
61 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
Martial Art Gym Public
Fitness Center Public
Boxing Ring Public
62 1 Goal Basketball Court 150 Public
Martial Art Gym Public
62-A 1 Goal Basketball Court 150 Public
62-B No Basketball Court Public
63 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
64 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
75 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
76 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
43 1 Goal Basketball Court 150 Public
43-B 1 Goal Basketball Court 150 Public
Volleyball Public
Lawn Tennis Public
Baseball & Softball Field Public
44 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
44-A Martial Art Gym Public
45 1 Basketball Court Public
48-A 1 Goal Basketball Court 150 Public
49 1 Goal basketball Court 150 Public

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Brgy. Type of Facilities Lot Area Ownership


(sq.m)

Volleyball Public
Swimming Pool Public
Football Public
50-B Swimming Pool Public
21 1 Goal Basketball Court 150 Public
36-A 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
78 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
91 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
92 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
Martial Art Gym Public
95 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
95-A 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
96 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
109 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
Fitness Center Public
109-A 2 Basketball Court 800 Public
110 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
20 Martial Art Gym No Public
Fitness Center Public
23 Badminton Court Public
24 Billiard Public
37 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
38 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
39 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
42 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
42-A 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
12 Palanog 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
37-A Palanog 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
93 Bagacay 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
94 Tigbao 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
94-A BAsper 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
97 Cabalawan 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
Swimming Pool Public
Golf Course Public
98 Camansihay 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
99 Diit 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
100 San Roque 2 Basketball Court 800 Public
101 New Kawayan 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
102 Old Kawayan 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
103 Palanog 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Brgy. Type of Facilities Lot Area Ownership


(sq.m)

103-A Paglaum 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public


104 Salvacion 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
105 Suhi 1 Basket ball Court 400 Public
106 Sto. Niño 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
107 Sta. Elena 1 Basketball Court 400 Public
108 Tagpuro 1 Basketball Court 400 Public

3.70 PROTECTIVE SERVICES

3.71 Tacloban City Police


The major concern of the Tacloban Police is to provide general safety and
security to the constituents of Tacloban City. Their main focus is a widespread
campaign on crime prevention and control. They also introduced new strategies and
devices to combat criminality which brought about reduction in crime incidents.

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

For the year 2015 the Total Crime Volume (TCV) was placed at 3,408, where
in a increase of .24% was recorded as compared to the year 2014 (3,400 TCV).
Remarkably, Index Crimes decreased from 1688 in 2014 to 1,124 in 2015. However
the Non- Index Crimes increased from 1,712 in 2014 to 2,284 in 2015. The Crime
Solution Efficiency for 2014 was 33.38%. For 2015 the Crime Solution Efficiency
was recorded at 75.77%. An increase of 42.5% Crime Solution Efficiency was
recorded for 2015.The increase of Crime Solution Efficiencycan be attributed to the
widespread campaign of the police against all forms of criminal acts. The
involvement of Barangay Officials and the people can also be contributory to
minimize crimes in the city. Police visibility is also effective in crime control and
prevention. The current establishment of more Police Sub Stations in strategic areas
is also a way of preventing crime and illegal activities.

However with the rapid increase in population where in the city being highly
urbanized is not only populated by its residents. The influx of people coming from
other municipalities and cities, for various purposes is inevitable. The recent
augmentation of police personnel and police volunteers is still not enough to provide
for the general safety and security not only of the Taclobanons but also the other
people that comes to the city. There is also a need to provide modern equipment
and weapons in the different substations. There is also a need to strengthen and
expand the campaign of all forms of crime and illegal activities. The full participation
and cooperation of the people in the barangay has to be maximized because it is
very crucial and relevant in preventing , controlling and solving crimes.(Table 3.5.1)

Table 3.71.1Comparative Crime Statistics 2014 & 2015


Tacloban City
CY 2014 CY 2015 %
Total Crime Volume 3,400 3,408 .24%↑
Index Crime 1,688 1,124 32%↓
Crime Against Persons 591 166 72%↓
Non Index Crime 1,712 2,284 33%↑
Crime Solution Efficiency 33.38% 75.88% 42.5↑
Source:TCPO

3.72 Tacloban City Fire Protection


The Tacloban City Central Fire Station is located along corner Justice
Romualdez and P. Paterno Sts. It is primarily concerned in protecting the people in
the city against the occurrence of fire. For the year 2014 there was an increase of
fire incidents from 51 in 2014 to 57 in 2015. In order to minimize fire incidents in the
city, the Bureau of Fire Protection conducted the following activities:
1. Conducted Pre Fire Planning activities at different fire prone areas

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

2. Participated in the Business One Stop Shop for the renewal of permits
3. Conduct regular fire prevention activities through fire safety inspections,
fire safety information lectures and drills to different establishments and
agencies.
4. Career and development trainings for fire personnel
5. Conduct troop information and education program to update BFP
personnel with the present policies and guidelines
6. Physical fitness activities for the personnel to obtain physically fit and
mentally alert during emergency calls
7. Uncompromised conduct of Fire Safety Inspection of all buildings and
establishment in accordance with the Fire Code and other fire related laws
8. Conduct Quad media fire safety education campaign and information drive
on the comprehensive Fire Code of the Philippines of 2008.
9. Activation of Fire Sub-Stations in Brgy. Bagacay

3.72.1 Table Fire Incidence 2014-2015, Tacloban City

Frequency of Occurrence
Brgy Origin/Cause
2013 2014 2015
Brgy. 80, Marasbaras Electrical January 17
Brgy. 62, Sagkahan Electrical January 30
Brgy. 83-B, Cogon Electrical February 04
San Jose
Brgy. 75, Fatima Electrical February 28
Sagkahan
Brgy. 24, Sto. March 07
Nino/Burgos
Brgy.15, Del Pilar Electrical March 08
Brgy. 69, Rawis Electrical March 12
Anibong
Brgy. 78, Marasbaras April 13
Brgy. 53, Real St. Electrical April 23
Tacloaban City
Brgy. 110, Utap Electrical May 01
Brgy. 86, San Jose May 21
Brgy. 74, Nula- Tula Electrical June 21
Brgy. 32, P. Burgos Electrical November 08
St.
Brgy. 38, P. Burgos & November 08
Torres St.
Brgy. 91, Abucay Electrical November 09
Brgy. 48, Real St. Electrical November 25
Brgy. 25, Paterno St. December 14
Brgy. 92, Apitong Electrical January 29
Brgy. 55, El Reposo Electrical February 04
Brgy. 20, Burgos St. February 15

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Frequency of Occurrence
Brgy Origin/Cause
2013 2014 2015
Brgy. 69, Anibong Electrical March 18
Brgy. 95, Caibaan Electrical April 17
Brgy. 88, Costa Brava May 28
San Jose
Brgy. 28, Paterno St. Electrical May 28
Brgy. 95, Caibaan Electrical August 19
Brgy. 43-A Electrical October 15
Source: BFP-Tacloban

Table 3.72.2 Number of Vehicles (Serviceable/Unserviceable),


Fire Protection Bureau, 2015

Vehicle Serviceable Unserviceable Beyond


Economic Total
Repair
1. Firetrucks 8 - - 8
2. Pumper 2 - - 2
3. Ambulance 1 - - 1
4. Rescue Van 2 - - 2

Total 13 - - 13

Table 3.72.3
Firefighting Equipment (Serviceable/Unserviceable), BFP 2015

Firefighting Equipment Serviceable Unserviceable


No. of Units No. of Units

2 ½ Hose 22 11

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

1 ½ Hose 24 25
Fire Coat 16 -
Fire Helmet 20 -
Fire Books 14 -
1 ½ Variable Nozzle 4 -
1 ½ Straight Nozzle 1 -

Table 3.72.4 Number of Fire Safety Inspection Activities, BFP 2015

Month Number of Building/Establishment


YEAR Inspected

January 578
February 858
March 960
April 312
May 271
June 293
July 499
August 573
September 923
October 429
November 387
December 301
TOTAL 6,384

3.73 Tacloban City Jail

As one of the five pillars of the Criminal Justice System, the BJMP was
created to address the growing concern of jail management and penology problem.
Primarily, its clients are detainees accused before a court who are temporarily
confined in such jails undergoing investigation, waiting final judgement and those
who are serving sentence promulgated by the court 3 years and below.

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The Tacloban City Jail houses inmates that are awaiting or undergoing
investigation or trial, and or transfer to national penitentiary. As such it shall ensure
the security, cleanliness, adequately equipped sanitary facilities and ensure the
provision of quality services for the custody, safekeeping, rehabilitation and
development of inmates.
The Bureau of Jail Management and Penology, Tacloban City is located at
Paterno Extension near the police headquarter. It has a total number of 64 personnel
with an inmate population of 643 with a ratio of 1:10 or 1 personnel per 10 inmates.
The total area of cells is 489sq.meter. Based on the UN Standard of 3sqm per
inmate the Tacloban City jail needs an area of 1,440 sq.meter more for all its existing
inmates.

The BJMP of Tacloban City has the following activities for their inmates.
1. Health Services
2. Para-Legal Services
3. Escort Services (to courts, hospitals,
4. Rehabilitation Services
5. Religious Activities
6. Sports Activities
7. Livelihood Program
8. Guidance Counselling

Computation for Projected Personnel was based on the ff: standard a. Ideal Police to
Population Ratio is 1 policeman for 500 persons b. 1 fireman to 2000 persons c.1
jail guard to 5 jail inmates. The total number of police personnelfor the year 2015 is
315, which place the police to population ratio of 1:778. This ratio is behind the ideal
police to population ratio of 1:500. However the number of police meets the minimum
standard of police to population ratio of 1:1000.

Based on the standards mentioned, for the fire force for year 2016 they still
lack 51 fire personnel. On the assumption that these shortage of personnel will be
fully filled up, from 2017-2025 the Fire Department will need 3 fire personnel per
year.

While improvements have been made with the Bureau of Fire Protection in
terms of personnel and equipment, there is still a need to augment and upgrade the
existing personnel and fire equipment. At present the city has enough no. of fire
trucks. At the end of the planning period the fire department of the city will need 3-4
firetrucks.What would be taken into consideration are the maintenance of the
firetruck and the availability of water especially during the occurrence of fire.With the
increasing number of population at the Tacloban North there is a need for 2 fire
Substations to be located at Brgy. 93 and Brgy.106.

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Whereas the Jail Personnel the Jail Guard to inmate population ratio is equal
to 1 jail guard for 5 jail inmates. At present the number of jail inmates are 643
against 64 jail guards with a ratio of 1:10. Jail personnel needed 64 additional jail
guards at present and every year on the assumption that there will be an increase of
inmates by 3% the BJMP Tacloban will need 5-6 jail guards every year.

CHAPTER 4

THE LOCAL ECONOMY

Tacloban City has a fast growing economic scene and this has been proven
true by its recent transition from a component city into a highly urbanized city (HUC).

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

As the first HUC in Region 8, Tacloban started to set its priorities in terms of
economic gains and self-sufficiency. With a healthy local economy and receptive
citizenry, Tacloban City is head-on to full development and expansion.

Based on the table 4.1 of Local Revenue and Industrial Establishment , the
overall income of the city for the year 2015 increased by 4.96% (P8,225,418.35)
compared to year 2014. Although the business tax decresed by .07% (P 48,877.91)
but the other source of revenue increased by 8.75%( P 8,274,296.26) in the year
2015. Likewise the labor force increased by 36.41% (6,620 additional workers
employed.) for the year 2015. The performance of various sectoral areas on
economy are presented in the following tables to describe the present economic
situation of Tacloban City.

Table 4.10.1 Local Revenue and Industrial Establishment, 2012 - 2015

Increase / Increase /
Year Revenue Employment
Decrease) Decrease)
2012 Business tax 96,486,773.92
All Source 125,516,028.24
Total 222,002,802.16 1.14 22,029 12.87

2013 Business tax 103,009,894.15


All Source 134,267,612.41
Total 237,277,506.56 1.07 22,108 0.36

2014 Business tax 71,405,417.87


All Source 94,571,798.03
Total 165,977,215.90 0.70 18,180 -17.77

2015 Business tax 71,356,539.96


All Source 102,846,094.29
Total 174,202,634.25 1.05 24,800 36.41
Source: City Treasurer’s Office, City Mayor’s Office/MIS

PRIMARY ECONOMIC SECTOR

4.11 Crop Production

For the year 2015, In terms of production by Value (Million Pesos), rice
topped the crop with a total of P 128.81 million, followed by coconut P 49.64M;
vegetable P 24.88M ; Root Crops P20.95M, Corn P17.83M and lastly by fruit crops P

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

11.04M. These products consequently yielded a total of P 253,150,000.00


equivalent to 10,313.77 metric tons of produce

Table 4.11.1 Existing Major Agricultural Crops by Area, Production and Market,
2015

Major Crop Area Annual Production


Type ha. Volume Value (PhP/M)
Rice 247.14 4,793.55 128.81
Coconut 895.18 1,984.25 49.64
Vegetable 44.79 1,410.55 24.88
Root Crops 109.46 524.29 20.95
Corn 385.50 1,049.00 17.83
Fruit Crops 102.82 552.13 11.04
Total 1,784.89 10,313.77 253.15

Tacloban City as mandated conforms with the Agrarian Reform Program and
several areas designated under the program were assigned to several farmer-
beneficiaries who in turn cultivated their respective lots contributing to the positive
economic picture of Tacloban City. A total land area of 196 hectares was
appropriated for the CARP program with 127 participating barangays. Five single
individuals were designated as beneficiaries while the Leyte-Sab-A Basin
Development Authority and the Development Bank of the Philippines have their own
areas which will in turn be subdivided for their selected beneficiaries.

4.20 LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY

As the city gears for self-sufficiency, livestock and poultry production is


promoted and encouraged. This in turn makes for a positive economic posture of
the city as it provides local employment and income to the city government by way of
revenues. Below is an inventory of privately-owned livestock and poultry farms in
the city.

For the year 2015, In terms of production by Value (Million Pesos), Swine
topped the livestock and poultry farms with a total of P 47.126 million, followed by
carabao P 24.50M; poultry P 12.02M ; Cattle P5.58M, Goat P1.81M ; Horse .70M
and lastly sheep P .057M. These products consequently yielded a total of P
91,805,320.00 equivalent to 817,796 kilograms of produce.

Table 4.20.1 Existing Livestock and Poultry Farms, 2015


Area No. of Production No. of
Type (ha.) Heads (kg./yr.) pesos Tenants
Swine 0.75 1,527 235,600 47,126,000 618
Carabao 85.75 355 88,760 24,500,000 184
Poultry 12.6 69,850 469,071 12,027,960 1014
Cattle 19.25 77 18,530 5,584,000 24

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Goat 37.7 377 5,655 1,809,760 124


Horse 8.75 35 700,000 8
Sheep 1.2 12 180 57,600 5
total 166 72,233 817,796 91,805,320 1,977
Source: City Veterinary Office

4.30 FISHERIES

Unless threats such as pollution, siltation, overpopulation of coastal


communities, resources use conflicts, climate change and calamities such as
typhoon which disturbs its natural habitat will be dealt with of managed properly, the
food supply of our general population is in peril. It must be noted that it takes years
for our corals, mangrove, seagrass and other natural habitat of aquatic resources to
recover. Taking care of our natural environment is the key to sustainability and for
our food security.

After typhoon Yolanda, much of Tacloban City has been devastated by the
storm surge which had lasting impacts to it’s coastline as well as coastal and marine
resources. The sea has grown closer to the land, shorelines facing San Pedro bay
have shrunk, debris and garbage that have flown into Leyte Gulf have sunk in and
got concentrated at the bottom of Anibong, Kankabato and San Pedro Bay; and
mangrove areas along Diit ,Anibong, Burayan and San Jose’s airstrip have sustained
serious damage during and after the onslaught of the super typhoon.

Facilitating the rehabilitation and recovery of the city’s coastal and marine
ecosystems continues to be a challenge for the LGU and the locals. Considerable
efforts have been exerted by the LGU, some National Government Agencies, Local
and International NGOs as well as locals in trying to at bring back or at least bring
growth to the remaining resources left of the typhoon.

NSAP is an agency that aims to determine the trend of seasonal distribution,


relative to abundance, size, and species composition of the major marine resources
in each fishing ground, provide estimates of population parameters of the major
marine resources in each fishing ground.

Accordfing to NSAP, Tacloban needs to manage our fishery resources


because the poverty incidence of Fishermen has increased form 35% in 2003 to
42.10% in 2006 or an increase of 17.60% . Tacloban catch at San Jose has steadily
declined from 2009-2014. There is a slight rise in fish catch at about 40,000kgs in
2015. (See table 7.3.5)

Table 4.30.1 Fish Catch in San Jose- Tacloban City, by GTZ 2014

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

For the year 2015, In terms of production by Value (Million Pesos), Captured
Fishes outrank the aquaculture (fish cage) in the Fishery Sector. The fish catch
( Lapu-lapu, sagision, kirawan, danggit, kekero, shrimps, crabs and lomong)
peaked its production of P 120 Million while the aquaculture (bangus, seaweed)
produced P9,072,540 million These products consequently yielded a total of
P129,084,540.00 equivalent to 1,317.11 metric tons of produce. See table 4.7

Table 4.30.2 Volume and Value of Production of Fishing Grounds/Fishpens,


2015

Volume of
Value of
Name of Fishery Production
Production Fishing Grounds
Product (in metric
(Pesos)
tons)
Capture Fishes
Lapu-lapu, sagision, 1,200.12 120,012,000.00 San Pedro Bay,
kirawan, danggit, Cancabato Bay,
kekero, shrimps, Panalaron Bay, Anibong
crabs and lomong Bay & San Juanico Strait

Aquaculture (Fish Cage)


Bangus Fish Cage 87.807 8,780,700.00 Tagpuro, Old Kawayan
and Bagacay
Seaweed (Fresh) 27.984 279,840.00 Tagpuro, Old Kawayan,
(Dry) 1.2 12,000.00 Bagacay and Diit
TOTAL 129,084,540.00
City Agricultures Office

4.31 Fishery Resources and Facilities

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Some residents of Tacloban City are directly engaged in various fishery


activities such as deep sea fishing, direct selling, aquaculture, collection of shells,
fish fry collection, cultivation of algae and other such economic activities distinctively
related to fishing. The data below illustrate other fishery resources and activities. A
Processing plant TBK Seaweed Processing located in Brgy 74 Nula-tula produce a
substantial output that exports its produce to other parts of the country. In the year
2015 TBK produced 29.18tons of seaweeds. There are also 81 active Shell
Collectors in Tacloban City that helps support local economy.

Table 4.31.1 Fishery Technologies Adopted, 2015

Resource Technology
Fish Culture Fish coral, Gillnet, Crab Pot, Fish Pot, Hood and Line

Aquaculture Bangus in cage, Pen and Pond Culture, Mudcrab culture,


Lapu-Lapu in cage culture, Seaweed culture
Post Harvest Fish salting, Drying and Smoking, Boneless Bangus and
Seaweeds Drying and processing
Source: City Agriculturist’s Office

To ensure that the fishery sector gets the optimum in harvest and continuously
benefit from this resource, transfer of new technologies and skills by the City
Agriculturist’s Office and other agencies safeguards this primary economic activity.
As illustrated, the following number of Fishermen by type operates along the bays
surrounding the city. There is a modest number of owner/cultivators, demonstrating
that the fishery sector is a thriving economic activity in the city.

Table 4.31.2 No. Of Fishermen By Type, 2015

Type of Fishing Owner-cultivator Fishworker/laborer


Capture Fisheries 2,298 80
Aquaculure 50
Gleaning/Shell 81
Collector
Fish 800
Vending/vendors
TOTAL 3,229 80
Source: City Agriculturist’s Office

4.32 Food Self-Sufficiency Assessment

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Although the vegetable production in the city is economically flourishing


because of the support extended by the City Agriculturist’s Office and the
Department of Agriculture, their produce are often than not sufficient to supply the
demand of vegetable in the city. To remedy the situation, the city is importing
vegetable product from nearby towns, and cities as far as Davao City which is
abundant in vegetable products.

Since 2014 after the typhoon, Tacloban City is not self-sufficient in fish
products and other marine products because of the damage to the natural habitat in
the waters along the San Pedro, Cancabato, Panalaron and Anibong Bays. To
remedy the situation, the city is importing fishery product from nearby towns ,
provinces and as far as General Santos which is abundant in tuna products.

In the animal commodity and meat sector, the local supply is inadequate and
to remedy the situation, livestock and poultry products are brought in from other
provinces and regions. Also, the local supply of rice is considered very insufficient
and the city gets it’s rice allocation from the nearby rice-growing municipalities,
provinces and the regions in Luzon.

4.40 FORESTRY

Tacloban City has a total forest area of 3,983.72 hectares and is categorized
as production forest and protection forest. Production Forest is 1,990.29 hectares of
the total forest area and the remaining 1,993.43 categorized as protected area
consisting of mangroves and forest areas. The table below shows the forest areas
as categorized in their specific locations.

To ensure that the city will protect our upland forest, significant reforestation
projects were adopted in 2014. Among those projects were 1. (Community Based
Forest Management Areas (CBFMA); and 2. Integrated Forest Mgt. Areas (IFMA)

To ensure that our shoreline will also be protected and have ecological
balance, the city adopted Coastal Mangove Reforestation Project (Non-NIPAS
Areas); Mangrove Rehabilitation Project (Tacloban Urban ) Community-Based
Mangrove Rehabilitation Project. Cancabato Mangrove rehabilitation. As shown in
the table.

4.40.1 Area and Location of Forestlands by Sub-Category and Primary Use,


2015

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Name of Location Area (ha) Type of Annual Production


Forestry Permit
Area Volume Value (Php)
(m3)
Bagacay 349.38 IFMA 3,493.80 6,987,600.00
Abucay 90.92 CSC 909.2 1,818,400.00
Basper 1.8 CBFM 18 36,000.00
Palanog 4.92 CBFM 49.2 98,400.00
Palanog Resl. 6.61 CBFM 66.1 132,200.00
Camansihay 210.063 CSC 2,100.60 4,201,200.00
Paglaum 305.82 CBFM 3,058.20 6,116,400.00
Palanog 362.54 FLMA 3,625.40 7,250,800.00
Production

Salvacion 144.43 CBFM 1,444.30 2,888,600.00


San Isidro 90.46 CBFM 904.6 1,809,200.00
San Roque 103.83 CSC 1,038.30 2,076,600.00
Sto. Niño 21.46 CBFM 214.6 429,200.00
TOTAL 1,692.23 16,922.30 33,844,600.00
Bagacay 353.71 IFMA
Abucay 206.19 CSC
Apitong 10.75 CBFM
Basper 25.75 CBFM
Upper Nulatula 18.02 CSC
Camansihay 540.05 CSC
Paglaum 25.32 CBFM
Salvacion 76.47 CBFM
San Isidro 320.95 CBFM
San Roque 116.16 CSC
Sto. Niño 231.58 CBFM
Protection

Sta. Elena 2.91 CBFM


Tigbao 10.43 CSC
Utap 102.83 CBFM
TOTAL 2,041.12

Table 4.40.2 Type of Project in Forest Area, Tacloban City 2015

Name/Type of Project Location Type

*Upland Reforestation Project

A. Community Based Forest Utap, Sta. Elena, San Timber


Management Areas (CBFMA) Isidro, Caibaan, Production
Salvacion Forest
B. Integrated Forest Mgt. Bagacay Timber
Areas (IFMA) Production
Forest
*Coastal Mangrove
Reforestation Project (Non-
NIPAS Areas)

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Name/Type of Project Location Type

A. Mangrove Rehabilitation Tagpuro, San Isidro, Old Mangrove


Project (Tacloban Urban Kawayan Forest
Community-Based Mangrove
Rehabilitation Project)
B. Mangrove Rehabilitation Tagpuro, Diit, Tigbao Mangrove
Project Forest

C. Cancabato Mangrove Burayan, San Jose, Dio Mangrove


Rehabilitation Project Island Forest

For the year 2015, In terms Economic Activities in Production Forest Areas by
Value (Million Pesos), CSC outrank the other forest concessionaire with a value of P
3.6 million; followed by PIAFDA P 3.2M; IFMA P.69M; BURAC P .58M; FLMA P .18M;
BSIRA P .14M; and lastly P .70M. These products consequently yielded a total of P
8,545,680.00 equivalent to 4,272.84 metric tons of produce.

Table 4.40.3 Economic Activities in Production Forest Areas, CENRO, 2015

Forest Area Dominant Tree Production


Concessionaire Covered Specie Total Value
(ha)
CSC 603.86 Fast growing, 1,811.58 3,623,160.00
indigenous and
Perennial crops
PIAFDA 540.86 Fast growing, 1,622.58 3,245,160.00
indigenous and
Perennial crops
IFMA (Manobo) 116.12 Fast growing, 348.36 696,720.00
indigenous and
Perennial crops
BURAC 97.95 Fast growing, 293.85 587,700.00
indigenous
FLMA 30 Fast growing, 90 180,000.00
indigenous
BSIRA 23.77 Fast growing, 71.31 142,620.00
Indigenous, Crops
CFLA 11.72 Fast growing, 35.16 70,320.00
indigenous
TOTAL 1,424.28 4,272.84 8,545,680.00

4.50 Agricultural Support Facilities

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

The City Agriculturist’s Office is the primary agricultural support of the city and
the Department of Agriculture, having its office in the city likewise extends technical
support to the agricultural needs of the residents in the agriculture sector.

The City Agriculturist’s Office extended support services in the production and
post production phases of cropping. Likewise, in the fishery sector, the City
Agriculturist’s Office handles and gives support for its development and proper
management.

Agricultural support is divided into production and post production phase


where the specific activities are enumerated as follows:

4.51 Production Support Facilities

4.51.1 Rice, Corn, vegetable and fruit farming

a. Distribution of high yielding rice and corn inbred and hybrid varieties
b. Establishment of techno-demo farms to demonstrate the adaptability of
new vegetable seed varieties
c. Provision of technical Assistance

1) Cultural management in rice and vegetable production


2) Flower induction for flower and mangoes
3) Prevention and control of pests and diseases
4) Plant propagation and other new techniques
5) Soil sampling for laboratory analysis
6) Assistance in planting material procurement and distribution
7) Plant nursery construction and Growell medium formulation
8) School garden establishment

d. Conduct of farmers classes/seminars and trainings


1) Off-season vegetable production
2) High value vegetable production
3) Proper handling and use of pesticides
4) Cultural management of cassava
5) Mushroom culture
6) Corn production technology
7) Banana production
8) General pesticide information and pest control
9) Soil sampling techniques
10) Production of coconut sugar
11) Drenching and pruning

e. Provision of agricultural materials such as seedlings, fertilizer and other


agricultural implements to selected farmers or cooperatives
f. Extend financial assistance to farmer beneficiaries through the City
Cooperative Office and/or recommend to various government lending
institutions for extension of loans
4.51.2 Livestock and poultry farming

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

a. Animal dispersal
b. Provision of veterinary services through the City Veterinary Office and
the City Agriculturist’s Office
c. Conduct of various training/seminars on livestock and poultry farming
d. Livelihood skills trainings on livestock and poultry raising
e. Extend technical services to farmers/breeders
f. Extend financial assistance/augmentation through the City
Cooperatives Office or give referrals to various agencies for financial
support

4.51.3 Fishey and aquatic resources

a. Dispersal of fingerlings to selected farmers/fish pen operators


b. Provide technical assistance on the construction of fish cages, fish pens
and other aquaculture projects
c. Promote production intensive but cost efficient technologies with
ecological limits
d. Developed Mariculture Zone for enhanced productivity of the city’s
fisheries resources
e. Enforce fishing laws aggressively by unifying fishery ordinances to
safeguard the legitimate fishing sector and secure the sea ecology
f. Conduct various trainings/seminars related to fish production and other
marine products for enhanced economic profitability
g. Provide loans/financial assistance through the City Cooperatives Office or
other agencies
h. Installation of artificial coral reefs
i. Encourage cooperatives and constantly monitor existing organized
cooperatives

4.52 Post Production Support Facilities

1. Rice, corn, vegetable and fruit farming

a. Construction/rehabilitation of a “Bagsakan Area” in the Tacloban


Supermarket for all farm products and make for a common price ledger for
all farm products
b. Presence of big private rice millers with mechanical dryers and solar
concrete dryers
c. Presence of several copra business establishments
d. Presence of several palay business establishments

2. Livestock and poultry products

a. Slaughtering of animal commodities is done in the Tacloban


Slaughterhouse and abattoir located in Barangay Diit, Tacloban City

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

b. Availability of several private meatshops, supermarts and malls aside


from the meat section of the Tacloban Supermarket with at least 100 meat
vendors
c. Implementation of the ante-mortem and post-mortem inspections of the
City Veterinary Office

3. Fisheries sector

a. Availability of a Fish Shed area where all fish products are landed from
fishing boats
b. Availability of private ice plants and storage in the city to handle large
scale fish catch
c. There are at the least a little less than 100 fish dealers in the city
handling local fish catch from 391 fish operators and 7 aquaculture
operators. This number do not include fish landed by trawlers of nearby
municipalities and provinces. Fish landed go directly to the fish section in
the Tacloban Supermarlet while a neglible percent is brought to Manila in
fish vans but most of the fish landed are consumed locally or brought to
nearby municipalities

4.60 SECONDARY ECONOMIC SECTOR

Under the secondary economic sector are the activities that concern
manufacturing, construction, mining and quarrying, electricity, gas and water.
Although they as categorized as secondary economic activities, it principally
highlights the trade and commerce industry in the city and the main source of
revenue for the city government aside from realty taxes. In the succeeding tables,
specific data on the sector pictures the robust and promising economic situation in
the city.

4.61 Manufacturing

In the manufacturing industry, Tacloban Coca Cola Plant / San Miguel


Brewery is the largest employing single manufacturing industry in the city while
bakeshops/bakeries is the largest number of employing industry in manufacture.
Other manufacturing activities are likewise generating employment contributing to
the general provision of work for the locals.

Based on the table of Local Revenue and Industrial Establishment , the


overall income of the city for the year 2015 increased by 4.96% (P8,225,418.35)
compared to year 2014. Although the business tax decresed by .07% (P 48,877.91)
but the other source of revenue increased by 8.75%( P 8,274,296.26) in the year
2015. Likewise the labor force increased by 36.41%(6,620 additional workers
employed.) for the year 2015.

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Table 4.61.1 Local Revenue and Industrial Establishment, 2011 - 2015

Increase / Employ- Increase /


Year Revenue
Decrease) ment Decrease)
2013
Business tax 103,009,894.15
All Source 134,267,612.41
Total= 237,277,506.56 6.88 22,108 0.36

2014
Business tax 71,405,417.87
All Source 94,571,798.03
Total= 165,977,215.90 -30.05 18,180 -17.77

2015
Business tax 71,356,539,96
All Source 102,846,094.29
Total= 174,202,634.25 4.95 24,800 36.41
Source: City Treasurer’s Office, City Mayor’s Office/MIS

Table 4.61.2 Existing Industrial Establishments by Intensity, Capitalization and


Sales, 2015
Name of Industrial Establishment Intensity Capitalization/
Classification Gross Sales
Panasonic Manufacturing Phils. Corp. I1 1,544,491,172.92
San Miguel Brewery, Inc. I1 1,103,203,514.68
Philip Morris Phils. Manufacturing Inc. I1 850,000,480.00
Coca-Cola FEMSA Phils., Inc. I1 830,461,058.74
San Miguel Foods, Inc. I1 176,133,342.00
San Miguel Foods, Inc. I1 126,537,343.08
Granexport Manufacturing, Corp. I1 14,269,200.00
Cosmos Bottling Corp. I1 5,000,000.00
Tacloban City Ice Plant I1 3,828,440.00
K & K Enterprises I1 3,311,596.43
Unex Industries, Inc. I1 3,000,000.00
Arsicon Enterprises I1 2,043,839.28
Rymel’s Enterprises I1 1,500,000.00
New Potential Ice Producer I1 1,000,000.00
Unison Food Products I1 950,213.00
Golden Duck Enterprises I1 441,976.70
AAAA I1 400,000.00
G.C. Galangue Enterprises I1 337,500.00
Mir-J Candles I1 330,000.00
New GL Candle Factory I1 292,832.00
Tacloban Guitar Shop I1 288,126.25
Tacloban S n M Dairy Products I1 200,000.00
Power Plates Development Concepts I1 200,000.00
Siquijor Island Phosphate I1 150,000.00

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Name of Industrial Establishment Intensity Capitalization/


Classification Gross Sales
Filipina Zapateria I1 115,547.59
Angel’s Enterprises I1 110,015.00
Len’s Ice Cube I1 80,000.00
WS Coco Products Trading, Inc. I1 77,000.00
Rose Art Marketing I1 75,000.00
Oneaj Store – Videoke Manufacturer I1 75,000.00
Abe Fiberglass I1 40,430.00
Six “J” Bag Making I1 25,200.00
Coconut Shell Novelty Product Mini Factory I1 20,300.00
Kawayan Boat Builders I1 20,000.00
San Miguel Foods, Inc. I2 41,528,977.00
Pacifica Agrivel Supply, Inc. I2 25,686,553.48
Pryce Gases Inc. I2 16,539,896.01
Phi. Phosphate Fertilizer Corp. I2 15,681,960.00
TBK Canning Corporation I2 527,657.50
TBK Manufacturing Corporation I3 11,851,307.00
Source: CMO-Business Permits & Licenses Division
Intensity Classification:
I1- Non-Pollutive/Non-Hazardous
I2 – Pollutive/Hazardous
I3 – Highly Pollutive/Highly Hazardous

In terms of industrial capitalization, 33 industries classified as I1 (Non


Pollutive/Non Hazardous) topped the list with a combined total value of 4.78 Billion,
followed by five industries classified as I2 (pollutive/hazardous) with a value of P 99
million and lastly one industry classified as I3( Highly Plooutive/ Higly hazardous)
with 11.85 Million of capitalization.

4.70 ELECTRICITY, GAS, WATER

4.71 Electricity

Leyte Electric Cooperative II or LEYECO II is the primary power distribution


service in the city and the neighboring towns. It has its main office at Real Street
with 2 of its 4 substations also in the city, the Sagkahan and Abucay Sub-Stations.
LEYECO II employs 141 regular employees and 62 for special projects. LEYECO II
has the capacity to illuminate and provide power needs of large companies and
institutions in the city and other nearby municipalities because LEYECO II is
categorized as an A+ Extra Large Electric Cooperative. Gearing towards
industrialization, investors can be assured of sufficient power supply for their
respective ventures. Below is a graph showing the percentage distribution of power
in the areas of coverage of LEYECO II.

The Sagkahan Substation houses two power transformers, Sagkahan I and


Sagkahan II, with a capacity rating of 10 MVA and 5 MVA respectively. Their
combined peak demand reached an average of 11,406 KW in 2008. The average

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

power factor was 97.87% and average load factor was 60.39% in the previous year.
This substation is operational giving out power to 3 feeders.

While the Abucay Substation has a capacity rating of 20 MVA serving part of
Tacloban City and the entire municipality of Babatngon. This substation generates
power to three feeders and its peak demand reached and average of 10,987 KW in
2008 and the average load factor was at 62.09% in the previous year. As expected,
Tacloban City will definitely attract more big companies to follow Robinson’s such as
the Ayala and SM Group of Companies because of a reliable power supply in the city
which will in turn generate more employment even with other small and medium
business ventures as well as other economic opportunities.

Based on 2014 statistics, the average consumption of the city dropped by


20% as compared to 2012 data. The damage caused by the typhoon in 2013 is the
main cause of the low consumption, a proof that the city has not yet totally recovered
from the disaster.

But in the year 2015, the overall power consumption of increased by 4.53%
(4,464MWH). The residential sector ranked the highest with 6.82% increase;
Commercial 3.96%; Public Buildings 1.70%; and lastly Industrial sector 0.37%. The
total comsumption of power was not yet back to normal compared to the power
consumption in 2013.

Table 4.71.1 Average Consumptions by Type of Users and for the last Three
Years 2013-2015

Type of 2013 2014 2015 2014-2015

MWH MWH MWH


Consumer INCREASE
Residential 73,270 52,491 56,070
6.82%
Industrial 28,775 18,814 18,884
0.37%
Commercial 24,156 17,072 17,748
3.96%
Public Buildings 13,209 8,021 8,157
1.70%
Street Lights 3,376 2,050 2,050
0.00%
TOTAL 142,786 98,448 102,909
4.53%

Among the total Average Consumption (kwh per month.), the residential
sector has the largest share 54.49%, Industrial 18.35%; Commercial 17.25% ; Public
Buildings 7.93% rank, and lastly street lights 1.99%. See chart below.

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Table 4.71.2 Type of Power Consumers, Leyeco 2015

Table 4.71.2
Number of Connections by Type of Users for the last Three Years 2013-2015

Type of 2013 2014 2015 2014-2015


No. No. No.
Consumer INCREASE
Residential 45,128 42,978 45,959
6.94%
Industrial 765 18,814 18,884
0.37%
Commercial 4,504 4,278 4,448
3.97%
Public Buildings 564 481 489
1.66%
Street Lights 185 69 69
0.00%
TOTAL 51,146 66,620 69,849
4.85%
Source: LEYECO II

4.73 GAS

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Three of the large oil companies in the Philippines such as Shell, Petron and
Chevron have depots in Tacloban City. Relatively, Tacloban City’s economic growth
is continuously directing an upward trend and fuel is an important factor that will
propel economic activities as we are in an era where development is supported by
power and fuel. These depots could easily supply Tacloban City and practically the
whole region for its fuel needs. The city on the other hand has 34 gasoline refueling
stations and 14 LPG and petroleum products distributors.

4.74 WATER

Water supply in the city is a little less sufficient. According to the Leyte
Metropolitan Water District, which is under the management of the Provincial
Government of Leyte, almost all areas in the city, have insufficient water supply
because of low pressure. There are barangays in the northern part of the city that
are not serviced by LMWD. Nevertheless, the city government is looking into some
possibilities and ways to remedy or improve this basic utility problem.

Mactan Rock which derived its source from sub-surface and with series of
filters. It supplies part of V&G and Tacloban North subdivision (GMA) in barangay
New Kawayan in the north. Another water service provider is San Juanico Spring
located in Cabalawan which delivers water in some parts of the northern barangays
especially subdivisions.

Some of the concessionaires use electric pumps to get maximum supply of


water while others use deep well water pumps and/or dug wells particularly in the
northern part of the city. The water supply condition in the city is not sufficient
compared to other municipalities being serviced by LMWD but the City Government
of Tacloban is trying to look for ways to improve the situation and the possibility of
having its own water system. See table 3: Households by Main Source of Water
Supply for Drinking, NSO Survey 2014

Table 4.74.1 Households by Main Source of Water Supply for Drinking,


NSO Survey 2014

SOURCE OF WATER SUPPLY (DRINKING) TOTAL


Shared faucet community water system 19,099
Bottled water 15,524
Own use faucet community water system (LMWD) 9,945
Peddler 1,721
Shared tubed/piped deep well 1,670
Protected spring 1,098
Dug well 781
Tubed/piped shallow well 385
Unprotected spring 253
Own use tubed/piped deep well 89
Lake river rain and others 23
Total 50,890

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Based on the data gathered from LMWD in 2015, in terms of Billed


consumption the Residential Sector rank on top with 68.34% (583,237 cu.m.);
Commercial 16.66% (142,146 cu.m.); Government 9.74% (83,121 cu.m.); Industrial
5.04% (42,973 cu.m.) and lastly Bulk Sales .23% (1,943 cu.m.)

4.74 PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF WATER CONSUMPTION, LMWD 2015

Table 4.74.2 Average Monthly Water Consumption, LMWD 2015


Type of No. Billed Average Percentage
Connections Connections Consumption (Consumption Distribution
(A) (B) in cu.m.) (C) Billed)

Residential 27,362 583,237 21.32 68.34%


Commercial 2,691 142,146 52.82 16.66%
Government 649 83,121 128.08 9.74%
Industrial 28 42,973 1534.75 5.04%
Bulk Sale 6 1,943 323.91 0.23%
TOTAL 30,736 853,420.47 - 100%

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4.75 CONSTRUCTION

Tacloban City is booming and the construction industry is at the core of this
development especially after the damage brought by Typhoon Yolanda in 2013
wherein almost all are rebuilding their damaged stuctures.

There are 95 registered building contractors and developers in the city aside
from non-registered sub-contractors who make their legitimate living through the
registered builders. Tacloban City is thriving and the change is evident. New
buildings stand one after another and new businesses open as a new face of
Tacloban emerges. The construction boom is expeditious and the physical change
of the city is matched by the economic layout of a healthy economic stature. The
presence of 109 large and medium hardware and construction material
establishments substantiate the present setting in the construction and infrastructure
scene.

Horizontal and vertical projects are being undertaken especially the road
widening in almost all national highways within the city and employment generation
is in the positive note as the city readies itself for this economic transformation.

TERTIARY ECONOMIC SECTOR

4.76 Financial Institutions

Tacloban City is regarded as the center of trade and industry. Being so, the
tertiary economic sector bears witness to such economic activities as banking and
financial institutions, wholesale and retail trade, transport and communications,
personal and community services. The 175 banking and financial institutions
operating in the city testifies that there is a brisk economic motion and financial
accommodations in the local scene. In details, there are 30 banking institutions, 37
lending institutions and 43 insurance companies. Also, under the financial
institutions are 12 holding companies, 11 registered cooperatives, 33 pawnshops
and 4 pre-need establishments.

4.77 Wholesale and Retail Trade

Commercial trade, wholesale and retail – is one very economically positive


activity in the city. Taking into account the population and the strategic location of
Tacloban City, it is the center of commercial and occupational activities such as
wholesale trading, retail business interests and other market and mercantile
businesses. There is a total of 1,237 general merchandisers and altogether with
other commercial activities, this sub-sector is a flourishing economic effort that gives
opportunities to the residents in terms of employment and business venture.
Illustrated on the following table are the different types of registered establishments
in the city as of 2015.

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Table 4.77.1 NUMBER OF BUSINESS ESTABLISHMENTS, 2015

BUSINESS LINE CALENDAR YEAR


2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
1. General Merchandise- 886 1,440 1,514 2,527 1,755 1,334
Essential
2. General Merchandise- 1,673 1,759 2,325 2,854 3,090 1,813
Non-Essential
3. Contractor And Services 1,099 1,374 1,468 2,515 1,703 1,713
4. Sari-Sari Store 394 492 351 1,106 314 431
5. Eatery Establishment 307 394 482 1,683 525 566
6. Financial Institution 182 227 246 310 276 261
7. Manufacturer-Essential 161 201 658 826 658 165
8. Manufacturer-Non- 18 23 34 91 69 70
Essential
9. Real Estate Lessor 153 191 351 613 427 424
10. Boarding House 79 99 117 159 83 135
11. Hotels & Lodging 83 84 52 110 79 98
Houses
12. Entertainment 28 35 58 98 31 34
13. Publication 8 5 9 8 9 9
Other Business 4,192 3,631 4,460 12,900 9,016 1,404
TOTAL No. OF BUSINESS 2,060 3,508 4,626 8,538 7,935 5,340
ESTABLISHMENT
City Licensing Office

4.78 Transportation and Communications

Tacloban City is accessible by land, sea and air travel. It is the gateway to the
south and north by land travel through the San Juanico Bridge. The city built a
spacious new North Bus Terminal to accommodate vehicles going to and from
Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. This new facility has improved the land
transportation system in the city and brought convenience to the riding public.

Table 4.78.1 Transportation Terminals by Location and Condition, year 2015

Name of Terminal Barangay Owner/Operator Terminal Facilities

Water
Port of Tacloban Brgy. 1 & 4 Administered by Berthing Facilities
(1944)
3.50 has. Port Area, Philippine Ports Open Storage Area
Tacloban City Authority
Fendering System
Mooring Facilities
Warehouse / Transit
Shed
Port Operations

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Name of Terminal Barangay Owner/Operator Terminal Facilities

Building
Land
Abucay Bus Terminal Barangay 91 LGU Tacloban Passengers Lounge
(2006)
1.80 has. Ticketing Booths

Philtranco Bus Line Barangay 91 Philtranco Ticketing Booths


(2015)
.40 has. Canteen

Air
DZR Airport (1950) Barangay 88 CAAP X-Ray Machines
81.00 has. Passengers Lounge
Ticketing Offices
Luggage Carousel
Arrival Area
Airport Operations
Building
Parking Area
Note : All terminals are in good condition

4.79 Land Transport

Along with urbanization comes the increase in population and consequently,


transportation facilities will likewise bear the same trend. This is the advent of
modernization and advancement. For some, this may constitute a problem but it is
inevitable and a consequence of development.

Transportation around the city proper and suburbs is provided by jeepneys,


multicabs and motorcabs. In the barangays there are pedicabs plying only within its
jurisdiction as this mode of transport is not allowed in the national highways and city
roads. To travel to the nearby municipalities and provinces in the region, there are
several vans, buses and mini buses to every point of destination. There are 28
buses that travel almost every hour from Tacloban to Ormoc, Palompon, Naval,
Samar, Manila and Davao. There are 155 vans that travel every hour from Tacloban
to Samar , Ormoc, Naval, Maasin. There are 71 jeepneys that travel to small towns
in leyte (Babatngon, Palo, Tanauan,Tolosa Sta,fe, alangalang, Jaro, San Miguel,
Tunga, Barugo, Carigara) and to some areas in Samar (Basey, Sta. Rita).

4.80 Sea Transport

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Tacloban City has one operational port under the direct operation and
supervision of the Philippine Ports Authority (PPA).

This port caters to local and foreign vessels, fishing boats and other smaller
motorboats. There are virtually countless of motor bancas stretched from the main
port to Quezon Boulevard. These motor bancas and motorboats are private but
most are used as mode of public transport for residents of nearby municipalities in
Samar and Leyte.

Also, some travelers still prefer to travel by sea when going to the nearby
municipalities or provinces such as Samar, Southern Leyte or even to some
municipalities in the Province of Leyte. Motorboats of all sizes are docked at the
wharf area side by side all through Quezon Boulevard as passengers embark for the
nearby islands, municipalities or other island provinces.

Tacloban City has an operational port and there is a regular schedule of trips
to Manila and Cebu City by three shipping lines namely:, Gothong Southern Shipping
Lines, Incorporated , Meridian Cargo Forwarders, Inc. , Oceanic Container Lines ,
Ocean Transport.

Table 4.80.1 Inventory of Motor Vessels Plying Tacloban, 2014

Frequency
Shipping Company Vessel Destination of Trip
Don Alfredo Sr ceb-tac-mla once a week

Don Alfredo Sr2 cag-tac-mla once a week


Don Alfonso mla-tac-mla once a week
Gothong Southern Shipping
Lines Inc.
Don Alberto cag-tac-mla once a week
Don Albino sr cag-tac-mla once a week

Don Carlos 2 cag-tac-mla once a week


Meridian Cargo John Oliver mla-tac-mla once a week
Forwarders, Inc
Ocean Reliable omc-tac-omc once a week
Ocean cag-tac-omc once a week
Oceanic Container Lines Dependable
Ocean Transport LCT angelo ceb-tac-ceb once a week

4.82 Air Transportation

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Tacloban City is the center of aviation in the region and is the 8 th busiest
airport in the Philippines. The Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport is located 4.3 nautical
miles southeast of Tacloban City proper, having a road distance of about ten (10)
kilometers from kilometer zero (0) origin. The width of the runway is enough to
accommodate Boeing 737 planes. The airport is being maintained and managed by
the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines (CAAP). At present, plans are being
considered for it to become an airport of international standards.

Based on the data of CAAP, Tacloban Airport traffic inventory increased by


51.91%. It recorded 7666 flights in 2014 and 11,646 flights in 2015 . With this air
traffic volume, Tacloban City’s domestic airport is at present lined-up for expansion.
The City Government of Tacloban and the Air Transportation Office is in collaboration
with this expansion project to improve the existing facility and have it at par with
other modern airports in the country.

Table 4.82.1 Inventory of air Transport in Tacloban City, 2015

Company Destination Frequency Total Number Remarks


of Flights
Philippines Mla –Tac 4x daily 1,384 January –
Airlines (PAL) Tac – Mla 4x daily 1,384 Dec. 2015

Philippines Mactan – Tac Daily 1,199 March –


Airlines (PAL) Tac –Mactan Daily 1,199 Dec. 2015

Cebu Pacific Air Mla –Tac 4x daily 1,352 January –


(CPA) Tac – Mla 4x daily 1,352 Dec. 2015

Cebu Pacific Air Mactan – Tac 3x daily 949 January –


(CPA) Tac –Mactan 3x daily 949 Dec. 2015

Air Asia Zest Mla –Tac 3x daily 939 January –


Tac – Mla 3x daily 939 Dec. 2015
Source: Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines

Tourist Arrival in the City of Tacloban, 2015

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

MONTH PHILIPPINE NON- PHIL OVERSEAS UNIDENTIFIED TOTAL


RESIDENTS RESIDENTS FILIPINOS RESIDENCE
JAN 37,394 1,631 78 44 39,147
FEB 35,194 2,187 168 17 37,566
MAR 34,646 2,511 293 468 37,918
APR 29,322 2,244 124 706 32,396
MAY 40,956 2,669 158 390 44,173
JUN 38,623 2,368 189 392 41,572
JUL 37,683 2,030 147 260 40,120
AUG 38,491 1,835 21 76 40,423
SEP 36,411 1,599 319 27 38,356
OCT 40,381 2,239 125 70 42,815
NOV 38,599 2,156 23 347 41,125
DEC 36,730 2,167 589 57 39,543
TOTAL 444,430 25,636 2,234 2,854 475,154
Source: Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines

4.83 Communications

Tacloban City is the axis of communications in the region. Communication


facilities in the city are attached to the present development trend in terms of
expansion, technology and convenience. It has also been in the forefront of this
economic service area and the people regard this as a vital component of
development.

Bayantel, a telephone service provider, is located in the city and it is the


largest company in terms of landline connections in the city and the region. Also,
two of the primer communications giants in the country, Globe and Smart
Communications has its Eastern Visayas branches in the city. Telecommunications,
television and radio broadcasts open all the communication channels in the city to
the world and the constituents have adapted so well to this trend with the use of
other forms of communications equipment such as international networking through
computers and other smaller gadgets such as cellular phones. On the other hand,
the government telecommunications bureau still cater to other clients who wish to
transmit their communications through telegraphs to other specific areas. Below are
tables in detail pointing to the varied data on modern communications system in the
city.

Table 4.83.1 Communication Services Facilities ,2015

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TYPE Address

INTERNET PROVIDER
Globelines/Innove Robinson’s Place
Marasbaras
Globe Telecom Robinson’s Place
Marasbaras
Smart Communication P. Zamora Street
Digitel (Sun Cellular) Robinson’s Place
Marasbaras
Bayantel Sto. Niño Street
PLDT Jones Street
Filproducts CATV Services P. Burgos Street

TELEPHONE SERVICES
PROVIDER
Globelines/Innove Robinson’s Place
Bayantel Sto. Niño Street
PLDT Jones Street

MOBILE TELEPHONE SERVICE


PROVIDER
Globelines/Innove Robinson’s Place
Marasbaras
Smart Communication P. Zamora Street
Digitel (Sun Cellular) Robinson’s Place
Marasbaras

TV BROADCAST
ABS-CBN Network (Channel 2) Avenida Veteranos
ABS-CBN Network (Studio 23) Mt. Naga-Naga, Brgy. Utap
GMA 7 Network (TV Relay) Mt. Vasper, Brgy. Tigbao
Sarage int’l & Mgt. Corp. (ABC-5) Cong. Artemio Mate
Extension
Universal Broadcasting Corp. Price Mansion, Sto Niño
(DYPR) Street

AM BROADCAST
Manila Broadcasting Company Pawing, Palo, Leyte
(DYVL)
Manila Broadcasting Company Pawing, Palo, Leyte
(DYTH)

FM BROADCAST
ABS-CBN Network (DYTC) Avenida Veteranos
Allied Broadcasting Center, Inc. Cong. Artemio Mate

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

TYPE Address

(DYAB) Extension
Century Communications, Inc. Yao Bldg., Real Street
(DYXV)
East Visayan Broadcasting Co. Old Road Sagkahan
(DYBR)
Manila Broadcasting Company Leyte Park Cmpd.
(DYTM) Magsaysay Blvd.
Newsound Bctg. Network (DYTX) Real Street
Radio Mindanao Network (DYXY) P. Burgos Street

Tagbilaran Broadcasting System, Tacloban City


Inc. (DYGT)
Philippine Broadcasting Service Leyte Sports Center, Sta.
Cruz St.

CABLE TV SERVICE
Leytenet P. Zamora Steet
Filproducts CATV Services P. Burgos Street

*** All the listed communication service facilities are privately owned except
Philippine Broadcasting Service FM Broadcast.

4.82 Personal Services

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Personal services is another sub-sector of the city’s local economic picture.


The city government encourages small and medium business entrepreneurs to do
business in the city by having a one-stop-shop for business registration and licenses
and kept from increasing the license fees and dues. For the year 2015, there were
7,053 registered personal services establishments, listed below by type of business.

Table 4.82.1 Number of Registered Personal Service Establishments


Tacloban City, 2015
BUSINESS LINE YEAR
2013 2014 2015
1. General Merchandise-Essential 2,527 1,755 1,334
2. General Merchandise-Non-Essential 2,854 3,090 1,813
3. Contractor And Services 2,515 1,703 1,713
4. Sari-Sari Store 1,106 314 431
5. Eatery Establishment 1,683 525 566
6. Financial Institution 310 276 261
7. Manufacturer-Essential 826 658 165
8. Manufacturer-Non-Essential 91 69 70
9. Real Estate Lessor 613 427 424
10. Boarding House 159 83 135
11. Hotels & Lodging Houses 110 79 98
12. Entertainment 98 31 34
13. Publication 8 9 9
TOTAL 12,900 9,019 7,053
Source: City Licenses Division, Office of the City Mayor, Tacloban City

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Based on the data gathered City Licensing Office there are 66 AF


accomodation facilities- (hotels, resorts); 35 - financial facilities (FF) (banks and
money changers); 6 CF - communication facilities–Telecommunications; 7 MF -
medical facilities (hospitals, clinics); 121 (EF) - restaurants and other eating facilities;
11 S/F - shopping facilities (shopping centers/malls, handicraft stores/souvenir
shops) and 47 TR – travel related facilites in Tacloban City

Table 4.82.2 Inventory of Establishments and Support Facilities, 2015

Name of Tourism Facilities Present


Establishment
AF EF FF CF MF SF TR
Ace Francis Hotel #### ####
Asia Stars Hotel #### ####
Cielo Vista #### ####
Golden Sun Pension and
Restaurant #### ####
Granda Manor #### ####
Hayward Travel Inn #### ####
Hotel Alejandro #### ####
Hotel Canelsa #### ####
Hotel Consuelo #### ####
Hotel Lai Rico #### ####
Hotel Lorenza #### ####
Hotel Rodolfo #### ####
Ironwood Hotel #### ####
La Rica Hotel #### ####
Leyte Park Hotel #### ####
Lorenzo’s Way #### ####
LNU House #### ####
Luxury Suite #### ####
Milka Hotel #### ####
Rosvenil Hotel #### ####
Tacloban Plaza Hotel #### ####
Tacloban Village Townhouse #### ####
XYZ Hotel #### ####
Acacio Golf Hotel ####
AIS Hotel ####
Angela Pension House ####
Basic Rooms Hotel ####
Casa Real Inn ####
Cecilia’s Lodge ####
Danel Pension House ####
Don’s Cabin Pension ####
Don Pedro Suites ####
Eco Lodge ####

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Name of Tourism Facilities Present


Establishment
AF EF FF CF MF SF TR
ES Park Inn ####
Etsu Hotel ####
Go Hotel ####
Golden Key Inn ####
Grand Royal Suites ####
Green Meadows Inn ####
GV Hotel ####
Highness Pensione and
Suites ####
Hotel El Ranilo ####
Island Regional Townhouse
Pension ####
JCP Pension ####
Jerucen Pensionne ####
Jerucel Lodging House ####
La Viajera Bed and Bath ####
La Villa Antonia ####
Leo’s Lodge ####
Loremar ####
Manabo Lodge ####
Mathew’s Lodging House ####
Pension De San Juanico ####
Primrose Hotel ####
Setic Apartelle ####
Shalom ####
The Ambassador Hotel ####
The Loft ####
Travellers Suite ####
Travellers Home ####
Villa Leonardo Inn ####
Villa Lolita Apartelle ####
Welcome Home Pensione ####
Yellow Doors ####
Your Home Pension ####
ZPAD Residences ####
Allied Bank ####
Banco de Oro – Zamora ####
Banco de Oro - J. Romualdez ####
Banco de Oro –Savemore ####
Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas ####
Bank of Makati ####
BPI – J. Romualdez ####
BPI – Rizal Avenue ####

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Name of Tourism Facilities Present


Establishment
AF EF FF CF MF SF TR
BPI– Marasbaras ####
City Savings Bank ####
China Banking Corporation ####
Development Bank of the
Philippines ####
Eastwest Bank ####
Eastwest Rural Bank ####
First Consolidated Bank ####
Greenbank ####
Kauswagan Bank, Inc. ####
Landbank– Real ####
Landbank– Sagkahan ####
Maybank ####
Metrobank – Zamora ####
Metrobank – Burgos ####
Metrobank – Marasbaras ####
O.K. Bank ####
Philippine National Bank – J.
Romualdez ####
Philippine National Bank –
Rizal Avenue ####
Philippine National Bank –
Zamora ####
Philippine Postal Savings
Bank ####
Philippine Veterans Bank ####
Rizal Commercial Banking
Corporation ####
Robinsons Savings Bank ####
Rural Bank of Dulag ####
Security Bank ####
Unionbank of the Philippines ####
United Coconut Planters Bank ####
Bayan Telecommunictions ####
Digitel Mobile Philippines ####
Globe Telecommunications ####
National Telecommunications
Commission ####
Philippine Long Distance
Telephone Company ####
Smart Communications ####
Eastern Visayas Regional
Medical Center ####
Divine Word Hospital ####

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Name of Tourism Facilities Present


Establishment
AF EF FF CF MF SF TR
Mother of Mercy Hospital ####
Remedios Trinidad
Romualdez Medical
Foundation ####
Tacloban City Hospital ####
Tacloban Doctors Medical
Center ####
Tacloban Maternity Hospital
and Puericulture Center ####
Alberto’s Pizza ####
Alexis Pizzeria ####
Andoks ####
Asian Café and Restaurant ####
A.R.S. Infinitea ####
Bento Bai ####
Biaños Real ####
Biaños Pizza ####
Bo’s Coffee – Imelda ####
Café Cosina ####
Café Teresa – Hotel Alejandro ####
Canto Fresco ####
Carmela’s Restaurant ####
Casa Ilongga ####
Chew Love ####
Chowking – Zamora ####
Chowking – Imelda ####
Chowking – Robinsons ####
Coffee Lounge ####
Dahil Sa Iyo Restaurant ####
Dimsum Break ####
Dream Café Restaurant ####
Dunkin Donuts – Zamora ####
Dunkin Donuts – J.
Romualdez ####
Dunkin Donuts – Robinsons ####
Fahrenheit ####
Gerry’s Grill Restaurant & Bar ####
Fireglass ####
Ginger Wok Restaurant ####
Giuseppe’s ####
Goldilocks ####
Great Palace ####
Greenwich ####
Happy Jaqs ####

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Name of Tourism Facilities Present


Establishment
AF EF FF CF MF SF TR
Hayward Coffee and Mini Mart ####
Highside ####
Hot Mug’s Coffee ####
Hukad Restaurant ####
Infinitea ####
JCO Food Spt ####
Jollibee – Zamora ####
Jollibee – Gomez ####
Jollibee – Gaisano Capital ####
Jollibbee – Bethany ####
Jollibee – Robinsons ####
Jose Karlos Coffee Shop ####
Juliana Café and Restobar ####
Julio’s Buffet ####
K Patisserie ####
Kenny’s Restaurant ####
KFC ####
Kitchenetto’s – Salazar ####
Kitchenetto’s – Zamora ####
Kitchenetto’s – Gaisano
Capital ####
KTV Republic ####
Kyle’s ####
La Fideral Kusin ####
Leaf Lounge ####
Lillybells Café & Restaurant ####
Lorenzo’s Way Bed &
Breakfast ####
McDonald’s – Zamora ####
McDonald’s – Real ####
Mang Inasal ####
Mango Magic & Potato Corner ####
Max’s Restaurant ####
Milagrina – Burgos ####
Milagrina – Robinsons ####
Miyara Cakes & Patissrie ####
Mex Em Up – Robinsons ####
Mex Em Up – Real ####
Mex Em Up – Savemore ####
Milyas Restaurant ####
Mwaah ####
New Socsargen Grill ####
Ocho Restaurant ####

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Name of Tourism Facilities Present


Establishment
AF EF FF CF MF SF TR
Panny’s Bakeshop & Coffee
Shop ####
Pinutos ####
Pizza Factory ####
Pop Up Kitchen ####
Porbida Restaurant ####
R. Roast and Grill ####
Rai Rai Ken Restaurant ####
Rafael’s Lomi Bulalo Silog ####
Red Ribbon Bakeshop –
Savemore ####
Red Ribbon Bakeshop –
Robinsons ####
Ritz Tower de Leyte ####
Rosvenil Coffee Shop &
Restaurant ####
Royal Restaurant ####
Sal’s Restaurant ####
Sam-Sam Bistro ####
Savory Restaurant ####
Shakey’s – Zamora ####
Shakey’s – Robinsons ####
Sizzler’s ####
Stephanie’s Eat All You Can ####
Surprice Food House ####
White Spice ####
Zilog Café Real ####
Abby’s Boutique and
Giftshoppe ####
Bahandi Pasalubong ####
Dana Flower Souvenir Shop ####
Festivali ####
Gaisano (Capital) ####
Gaisano (Central) ####
Red Cherry Giftshoppe ####
Savemore ####
Red Cherry Giftshoppe ####
Robinson’s Place ####
Tacloban City Pasalubong
Center ####
Duptours ####
Grandtours ####
Haiyan Rent-A-Car ####
Haven’s Rent-A-Car ####

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Name of Tourism Facilities Present


Establishment
AF EF FF CF MF SF TR
J Life Travel and Tours
Agency ####
JS Travel and Tours ####
JT Express ####
Local M Lhuillier Taxi ####
Van-Vans ####
All World Travel House and
Services ####
Amore Travel and Tours ####
Ann Gold Ticketing Outlet ####
AS Ticketing Office ####
Bella Via Travel and Tours ####
C and C Travels ####
C and D Ticketing Services ####
Local Calacat Tours Ticketing
Office ####
Crown Money Changer ####
EDJ Travel and Tours ####
Flymegrace Booking Agent ####
Flyral Travel Agency ####
GTC Travel Agency ####
Goliath Travel and Tours ####
Haiyan Holidays Travel and
Tours ####
Hershey’s Travel & Tours ####
HIS Travel Services ####
JP Travels Tickets and
Enterprises ####
Lakat Travel Agency ####
Larga Ticketing Office ####
LDA Travel and Tours ####
Marsdenisse Travel and Tours ####
MLE Travel and Tours ####
One Planet Courier &Travel
Services ####
Pais Blano Travel and Tours ####
Paradiso Travel Tours ####
Philippines Air Asi Inc. ####
SEAB Travel and Tours ####
Summit World Tacloban Inc. ####
Sunrise Travel and Tours ####
St. Matthew Money Changer
& Travel Agency ####
Tribor Travel and Tours ####

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Name of Tourism Facilities Present


Establishment
AF EF FF CF MF SF TR
Turris Money Changer ####
USSC Service Store ####
Viajero Travel and Tours ####
Virgo Travel and Tours ####
World Jumper Travel and
Tours ####
Yahweh Communication and
Business Center ####
total 66 121 35 6 7 11 47

Facilities:
AF - accommodation facilities (hotels, resorts, picnic huts, cottages, swimming pool)
FF- financial facilities (banks and money changers)
CF- communication facilities (Telecommunications)
MF - medical facilities (hospitals, clinics)
EF- restaurants and other eating facilities (restaurants and other food and beverage
facility
SF - shopping facilities (shopping centers/malls, handicraft stores/souvenir shops)
tr - travel

CHAPTER 5

INFRASTRUCTURE, UTILITIES & FACILITIES

Tacloban City is accessible by land, sea and air travel. It is the gateway to the
south and north by land travel through the San Juanico Bridge. The city built a
spacious new North Bus Terminal to accommodate vehicles going to and from
Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. This new facility has improved the land
transportation system in the city and brought convenience to the riding public.

TaclobanCity, a highly urbanized city is the center of aviation in the region and
is the 8th busiest airport in the Philippines. The Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport is

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located 4.3 nautical miles southeast of Tacloban City proper, having a road distance
of about ten (10) kilometers from kilometer zero (0) origin. The airport runway is
2,140 meters long and 45 meters wide with 1,000 meter wide easements. The width
of the runway is enough to accommodate Boeing 737 planes. The airport is being
maintained and managed by the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines (CAAP). At
present, plans are being considered for it to become an airport of international
standards.

Table 5.00 .1 Transportation Terminals by Location and Condition, year 2015

Name of Terminal Barangay Owner/Operator Terminal Facilities

Water
Port of Tacloban Brgy. 1 & 4 Administered by Berthing Facilities
(1944)
3.50 has. Port Area, Philippine Ports Open Storage Area
Tacloban City Authority
Fendering System
Mooring Facilities
Warehouse / Transit
Shed
Port Operations
Building
Land
Abucay Bus Terminal Barangay 91 LGU Tacloban Passengers Lounge
(2006)
1.80 has. Ticketing Booths
Philtranco Bus Line Barangay 91 Philtranco Ticketing Booths
(2015)
.40 has. Canteen

Air
DZR Airport (1950) Barangay 88 CAAP X-Ray Machines
81.00 has. Passengers Lounge
Ticketing Offices
Luggage Carousel
Arrival Area
Airport Operations
Building
Parking Area
Note : All terminals are in good condition
5.10.1 ROADS

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Tacloban City has a total of 198.049 kms. road network. The figure includes
national roads, 69.505 kms; city roads, 49.047 kms. and barangay roads, 79.497
kms.

The city government is continuously upgrading or repairing its roads and there
are new ones being constructed which are not yet included in the inventory. These
new roads are being built owing to the expansion and development of some
barangays. The tables below illustrate the roads inventory in the city and their
corresponding length.

Table 5.10.1
Inventory of Roads by System and Type of Pavement
Tacloban City, 2014

Road by ROW Total Road Surface Type


System Length Concrete Asphalt Gravel
Classification kilometer Km. % Km. % Km. %
National Road
1. Primary 30m 15.50 2.18 14.06 11.07 71.46 - -
2. Secondary 20m 16.24 5.79 35.65 10.42 64.12 - -
3. Tertairy 20m 38.16 31.67 82.99 5.20 1.17

Table 5.10.2 Inventory of Ancillary Road Facilities, Year 2015

Road Name per Road Type of Ancillary Road


No. Condition
Classification Facilities
Primary
Pedestrian Crossing 14 Faded
Waiting Sheds 8 Bad
DaangMaharlika
Street Lights 318 Good
Road Signages 90 Bad
Secondary
TaclobanBaybay South Pedestrian Crossing 22 Faded
Road Waiting Sheds 12 Bad
Overpass 1 underconstruction

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Road Name per Road Type of Ancillary Road


No. Condition
Classification Facilities
Street Lights 85 Good
Road Signages 84 Bad
Pedestrian Crossing 11 Faded
Street Lights 52 Good
AvenidaVeteranos Road
Traffic Lights 1 Good
Road Signages 2 Bad
Faded
Pedestrian Crossing
Burgos St. 14
Street Lights 38 Good
Pedestrian Crossing 5 Faded
Overpass 1 Fair
Naga-naga-Anibong
Waiting Sheds 4 Bad
Road
Street Lights 76 Good
Road Signages 47 Bad
Pedestrian Crossing 4 Faded
Overpass 1 Good
Apitong-Paterno Road Waiting Sheds 3 Bad
Street Lights 55 Good
Road Signages 28 Bad
Rizal Avenue
Pedestrian Crossing
Extension(S00006LT) 2 Faded
Benjamin “Kokoy”
Romualdez Diversion Pedestrian Crossing
Road 4 Faded
Pedestrian Crossing 4 Faded
Picas-San Jose DZR Waiting Sheds 3 Bad
Airport Road Street Lights 373 Good
Road Signages 60 Fair
Pedestrian Crossing 3 Faded
Trece-Martirez Road Waiting Sheds 1 Bad
Street Lights 11 Good
Pedestrian Crossing 3 Faded
Waiting Sheds 4 Bad
Leyte-Samar Road
Street Lights 117 Good
Road Signages 120 Bad
Pedestrian Crossing 4 Faded
Caibaan Road Waiting Sheds 3 Bad
Street Lights 89 Good
Pedestrian Crossing 4 Faded
Calanipawan Road Waiting Sheds 3 Bad
Road Signages 1 Bad

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Road Name per Road Type of Ancillary Road


No. Condition
Classification Facilities
Pedestrian Crossing 4 Faded
San Jose-Manlurip-
Street Lights 60 Good
MacAthur Park Road
Road Signages 10 Fair
Pedestrian Crossing 4 Faded
Tigbao-Sta.Fe-San Waiting Sheds 2 Bad
Miguel Road Street Lights 84 Good
Road Signages 154 Fair
Waiting Sheds 2 Bad
Justice Romualdez
Street Lights 28 Good
Street
Traffic Lights 2 Good
Pedestrian Crossing 4 Faded
Rizal Avenue Road Waiting Sheds 1 Bad
Street Lights 6 Good
Traffic Lights 2 Good
Road Signages 5 Bad
Magsaysay Road Street Lights 77 Good

Source: Tacloban City Sub-District Engineering Office, DPWH

5.20 BRIDGES

There are 27 reinforced concrete deck girder (RCDG) bridges with a


combined total length of 423 meters; FVR Bridge in Mangonbangon, ; One culvert
Bridge in Marasbaras. San Juanico Bridge, considered a steel bridge one of the
longest bridges in Asia has a total span of 2.162 kilometers. The following tables
show in details the length and types of bridges in the city and their location.

Table 5.20.1 Length and Capacity of Bridges in Tacloban City, 2015


Bridge Barangay Length Type Capacity
(meters) (Tons)
1. San Juanico Bridge Cabalawan 2160.00 Steel 15 Tons
2. Payapay Bridge 90 San Jose 26.00 RCDG 20 Tons

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Bridge Barangay Length Type Capacity


(meters) (Tons)
3. Kawayan Bridge Old Kawayan 14.00 RCDG 20 Tons
4. Suhi Bridge 105 San Isidro 15.00 RCDG 20 Tons
5. Barugu-an Bridge 97 Cabalawan 32.00 RCDG 20 Tons
6. Burayan Bridge 83-A 25.00 RCDG 20 Tons
7. Apitong Bridge 110 12.00 RCDG 20 Tons
8. Diit Bridge 99-Diit 22.00 RCDG 20 Tons
9. Diit Bridge II 99-Diit 22.50 RCDG 15 Tons
10. Bagacay Bridge 93 Bagacay 10.00 RCDG 20 Tons
11.Tigbao Bridge 94-Tigbao 46.00 RCDG 20 Tons
12. Upper Nula- Tula 3- Upper 10.00 RCDG 15 Tons
13. Camansihay Bridge 98 10.00 RCDG 15 Tons
14. Aslum Bridge 58 & 60 8.00 RCDG 15 Tons
15. Dadison Bridge 54 & 56 8.00 RCDG 15 Tons
16. Magallanes Bridge 54-A 10.00 RCDG 15 Tons
17. Palanog Bridge 12- GE 22.50 RCDG 15 Tons
18.Scandinavian Bridge 99-Diit 10.00 RCDG 15 Tons
19.San Roque Bridge 100 8.00 RCDG 15 Tons
20. Utap Bridge 110 12.00 RCDG 15 Tons
21. Utap Bridge 2 (HIC) 110 10.00 RCDG 15 Tons
22. Utap Bridge 3 110 10.00 RCDG 15 Tons
23. Mangonbangon 49 & 50 24.00 RCDG 15 Tons
24. Mangonbangon 65 12.00 RCDG 20 Tons
25. Sta. Cruz Bridge 45 24.00 RCDG 15 Tons
26. Paterno Bridge 80 & 82 10.00 RCDG 15 Tons
27. Siren Bridge 36 10.00 RCDG 15 Tons
28.Marasbaras Bridge 80 & 82 8.00 Culvert 15 Tons
29. Mangonbangon 36
Bridge-3 10.00 FVR 15 Tons

Note: All bridges are in good condition

Source: TCDEO and City Engineers Office,2015

Table 5.20.2 INVENTORY OF ANCILLARY ROAD FACILITIES


Tacloban City, 2015

Ancillary Road Name Per Road Classification NUMBER Condition


Road (tons)
Facilities
Present
National Road

Pedestrian 10 Fair
Crossing DaangMaharlika (S00002LT)

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Ancillary Road Name Per Road Classification NUMBER Condition


Road (tons)
Facilities
Present
DaangMaharlika (S00013LT) 2 Fair
TaclobanBaybay South 8 Fair
Road(S00025LT)
TaclobanBaybay South 2 Fair
Road(S00026LT)
TaclobanBaybay South 3 Fair
Road(S00027LT)
AvenidaVeteranos(S00003LT) 5 Fair
Burgos St. (S00008LT) 3 Fair
Burgos St. (S00031LT) 4 Fair
Naga-naga-Anibong Road(S00015LT) 4 Fair
AvenidaVeteranos(S00004LT) 1 Fair
Naga-naga - Anibong Road 1 Fair
Apitong-Paterno Road 4 Fair
Tacloban-Baybay South 3 Fair
Road(S00027LT)
AvenidaVeteranos(S00003LT) 5 Fair
Burgos Street(S00008LT) 3 Fair
Burgos Street(S00031LT) 4 Fair
DaangMaharlika(S00022LT) 2 Fair
Rizal Avenue Extension(S00006LT) 2 Fair
Benjamin “Kokoy” Romualdez 4 Fair
Diversion Road
Picas-San Jose DZR Airport Road 4 Fair
Rizal Avenue (S00009LT) 4 Fair
Trece-Martirez Road 3 Fair
Tacloban-Baybay South 3 Fair
Road(S00012LT)
Tacloban-Baybay South 3 Fair
Road(S00020LT)
Leyte-Samar Road(S00003LT) 3 Fair
Caibaan Road(S00018LT) 2 Fair
Calanipawan Road(S00019LT) 2 Fair
San Jose-Manlurip-MacAthur Park 4 Fair
Road
Calanipawan Road (S00028LT) 2 Fair
Caibaan Road (S00029LT) 2 Fair
Tigbao-Sta.Fe-San Miguel 1 Fair
Road(S00030LT)
Tigbao-Sta Fe-San Miguel 3 Fair
Road(S00033LT)
Overpass Naga-Naga Anibong Road 1 Fair
Apitong-Paterno Road 1 Good
Tacloban-Baybay-South 1 Good

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Ancillary Road Name Per Road Classification NUMBER Condition


Road (tons)
Facilities
Present
Road(S00020LT)
Waiting 5 Fair
Sheds DaangMaharlika(S00002LT)
DaangMaharlika(S00013LT) 1 Fair
DaangMaharlika(S00022LT) 2 Fair
Leyte-Samar Road 4 Fair
Tigbao-Sta. Fe-San Miguel Road 2 Fair
Picas-San Jose-DZR Airport Road 3 Fair
Naga-Naga – AnibongRoad 4 Fair
Trece-Martirez Road 1 Fair
Apitong-Paterno Road 3 Fair
Caibaan Road 2 Fair
Calanipawan Road 3 Fair
Tacloban-Baybay South 1 Fair
Road(S00027LT)
Tacloban-Baybay South 11 Fair
Road(S00025LT)
Justice Romualdez Street 2 Fair
Rizal Avenue 1 Fair
Streetlights DaangMaharlika 318 Good
Leyte-Samar Road 117 Good
Tigbao-Sta. Fe-San Miguel Road 84 Good
Picas-San Jose-DZR Airport Road 373 Good
San Jose-Manlurip-MacArthur Park 60 Good
Road
Tacloban-Baybay South Road 85 Good
Justice-Romualdez Street 28 Good
Rizal Avenue 6 Good
Caibaan Road 89 Good
Calanipawan Road 72 Good
Apitong-Paterno Road 55 Good
Magsaysay Road 77 Good
Trece-Martirez Road 11 Good
Naga-Naga – Anibong Road 76 Good
Burgos Street 38 Good
AvenidaVeteranos Road 52 Good
Traffic 2 Bad
Lights Justice-Romualdez Street
Rizal Avenue 2 Bad
AvenidaVeteranos Road 2 Bad
Apitong 1 Bad
Abucay ( Corner Bus Terminal, 1 Bad
Maharlika Highway)

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Ancillary Road Name Per Road Classification NUMBER Condition


Road (tons)
Facilities
Present
Calanipawan (Corner Pajara) 1 Bad
Road 2 Fair
Signages AvenidaVeteranos Road
Naga-Naga – Anibong Road 47 Fair
Apitong-Paterno Road 28 Fair
Calanipawan Road 1 Fair
Rizal Avenue Road 5 Fair
Tacloban-Baybay South Road 84 Fair
Leyte-Samar 120 Fair
DaangMaharlika 90 Fair
Picas-San Jose- DZR Airport Road 60 Fair
San Jose-Manlurip-MacArthur Park 10 Fair
Road
Tigbao-Sta. Fe-San Miguel Road 154 Fair
TOTAL 2,766
Source: Tacloban City Sub-District Engineering Office, DPWH

5.30 FLOOD CONTROL AND DRAINAGE FACILITIES

Barangays of Tacloban City situated in the low-lying area and along the
coastline experiences frequent flooding. The city’s drainage and sewerage system is
to be upgraded to conform with the Master Drainage Plan of the city. The present
sewerage drains to the 4 catchment basins in the city namely the Tanghas-Lirang
Creek, Mangonbangon River, Abucay and Burayan Rivers.

Except for the Central City Proper which is provided with a system of drainage
pipes, some built-up portions along Real Street which are drained by pipes, open
canals and culverts and bigger housing areas like V&G and Imelda Village
subdivisions where networks of drainage pipes exist, the core area is practically
unsewered. In some congested and blighted residential areas and in some
subdivision, there are shallow earth ditches that are virtually filled-up and often times
do not lead to any particular discharge point.

There is a particular concern that developers of new subdivisions do not


conform with the Master Drainage Plan of the city as the subdivision residents are
the most affected during heavy downpours. Although there are designated catch
basins in strategic places, the proliferation of informal settlers along riverbanks and
the clogging of waterways aggravate the situation. The existing drainage system
constructed way back in 1975 is the only structure serving the dense commercial
and residential areas in the city proper.

Tacloban City’s Master Drainage Plan has yet to be fully implemented into the
present drainage system but in the meantime, the canals and rivers are regularly
declogged and worn out drainage pipes are likewise repaired. The increase in

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population parallels to the increase in garbage that clogs the waterways and catch
basins causing these habitual inundations.

5.40 WATER SUPPLY

Tacloban City’s main water supply is from the Leyte Metropolitan Water
District or LMWD, which is at present managed by the Province of Leyte. The water
source is from Tingib River of Pastrana and Dagami, Leyte. Although Tacloban City
is the biggest water concessionaire, as it has 70.68% of the total connections as of
2008, its water supply is inadequate. In the northern barangays where there is no
piped water service, people use deep wells or shallow wells for their water needs.
Others have their water supply delivered in tanks by LMWD while some residents
resort to the use of electric motor driven deep wells.

The water supply condition in the city is not sufficient compared to other
municipalities being serviced by LMWD but the City Government of Tacloban is
trying to look for ways to improve the situation and the possibility of having its own
water system.

Table 5.40.1 Average Monthly Water Consumption, LMWD 2015


Type of No. Billed Average Percentage
Connections Connections Consumption (Consumption Distribution
(A) (B) in cu.m.) (C) Billed)
Bulk Sale 6 1,943.47 323.91 0.23%
Residential 27,362 583,237 21.32 68.34%
Commercial 2,691 142,146 52.82 16.66%
Government 649 83,121 128.08 9.74%
Industrial 28 42,973 1534.75 5.04%
TOTAL 30,736 853,420.47 - 100%

Table 5.40.2 Households by Main Source of Water Supply for Drinking,


NSO Survey 2014

SOURCE OF WATER SUPPLY (DRINKING) TOTAL


Own use faucet community water system 9,945
Shared faucet community water system 19,099
Own use tubed/piped deep well 89
Shared tubed/piped deep well 1,670
Tubed/piped shallow well 385
Dug well 781

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Protected spring 1,098


Unprotected spring 253
Lake river rain and others 23
Peddler 1,721
Bottled water 15,524
Total 50,890

Mactan Rock which derived its source from sub-surface and with series of
filters. It supplies part of V&G and Tacloban North subdivision (GMA) in barangay
New Kawayan in the north. Another water service provider is San Juanico Spring
located in Cabalawan which delivers water in some parts of the northern barangays
especially subdivisions.

5.50 ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLY

Tacloban City is lucky to have more than sufficient power supply provided by
the Leyte II Electric Cooperative or LEYECO II. It has its main office in Real Street,
Tacloban City and has three substations, two of which are located in Tacloban City.
Its’ total capacity of power generation is 45 mega watts, enough to supply any
projected increase of power needs for the next five years. Tacloban City is 100
percent energized and although there are power outages, they are immediately
addressed.

Based on 2014 statistics, the average consumption of the city dropped by


20% as compared to 2012 data. The damage caused by the typhoon in 2013 is the
main cause of the low consumption, a proof that the city has not yet totally recovered
from the disaster.

But in the year 2015, the overall power consumption of increased by 4.53%
(4,464MWH). The residential sector ranked the highest with 6.82% increase;
Commercial 3.96%; Public Buildings 1.70%; and lastly Industrial sector 0.37%. The
total comsumption of power was not yet back to normal compared to the power
consumption in 2013.

In terms of the type of consumers in 2015, the number one consumer is the
Residential sector 54.49%; Industrial sector 18.35%, Commercial 17.35%; Public
Buildings 7.93%, and lastly street lights at 1.99%.

Table 5.50.1 Type of Power Consumer, LEYECO 2015

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Table 5.50.2 Average Consumptions by Type of Users 2013-2015

Type of 2013 2014 2015 2014-2015

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MWH MWH MWH


Consumer INCREASE
Residential 73,270 52,491 56,070
6.82%
Industrial 28,775 18,814 18,884
0.37%
Commercial 24,156 17,072 17,748
3.96%
Public Buildings 13,209 8,021 8,157
1.70%
Street Lights 3,376 2,050 2,050
0.00%
TOTAL 142,786 98,448 102,909
4.53%

Table 5.50.3
Number of Connections by Type of Users, LEYECO 2013-2015

Type of 2013 2014 2015 2014-2015


No. No. No.
Consumer INCREASE
Residential 45,128 42,978 45,959
6.94%
Industrial 765 18,814 18,884
0.37%
Commercial 4,504 4,278 4,448
3.97%
Public Buildings 564 481 489
1.66%
Street Lights 185 69 69
0.00%
TOTAL 51,146 66,620 69,849
4.85%

5.60 TRANSPORT FACILITIES

Tacloban City is accessible by land, sea and air travel. It is the gateway to the
south and north by land travel through the San Juanico Bridge. The city built a
spacious new North Bus Terminal to accommodate vehicles going to and from
Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. Tacloban City is the center of aviation in Eastern
Visayas and is the eight busiest airport in the Philippines. Tacloban City has one
operational port under the direct operation and supervision of the Philippine Ports
Authority (PPA). This port caters to local and foreign vessels, fishing boats and
other smaller motorboats.

5.61 BY LAND

Transportation around the city proper and suburbs is provided by jeepneys,


multicabs and motorcabs. In the barangays there are pedicabs plying only within its
jurisdiction as this mode of transport is not allowed in the national highways and city
roads. To travel to the nearby municipalities and provinces in the region, there are

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several vans, buses and mini buses to every point of destination. There are 28
buses that travel almost every hour from Tacloban to Ormoc, Palompon, Naval,
Samar, Manila and Davao. There are 155 vans that travel every hour from Tacloban
to Samar , Ormoc, Naval, Maasin. There are 71 jeepneys that travel to small towns
in leyte (Babatngon, Palo, Tanauan,Tolosa Sta,fe, alangalang, Jaro, San Miguel,
Tunga, Barugo, Carigara) and to some areas in Samar (Basey, Sta. Rita). See
listing below.

Table 5.61.1
Public Land Transportation Vehicles by Type and Service Routes, 2015

TYPE Total Route/Destination Total Route/


No. No. Destination
Within Brgy. Brgy. To
Brgy. to City
Brgy. Center
Buses 6 Ormoc
2 Palompon
2 Naval
4 Eastern Samar
2 Northern Samar
Western Samar
8 Luzon
4 Mindanao
Van 62 Eastern/Northern
Samar
19 Western Samar
34 Ormoc
24 Naval
16 Maasin
Jeepney Northern 6 Babatngon
Barangays-
CBD
Sagkahan 4 Basey
Area- CBD
San Jose 2 Sta, Rita
Airport
Area- CBD

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TYPE Total Route/Destination Total Route/


No. No. Destination
Southern 34 Palo,
Barangays- Tanauan,Tolosa
CBD
Barangay 25 Sta,fe,
109,109- alangalang, Jaro,
A,95-95- San Miguel,
A,96- CBD Tunga, Barugo,
Carigara
Tricycles 1387 Barangay CBD Anibong
74, 3 Area Area- CBD
Barangay
71,72,73-
CBD
Northern
Barangays-
CBD
(Multicab) 14

8 Southern
Barangays-
CBD

5.62 BY AIR

Tacloban City is the center of aviation in the region and is the 8 th busiest
airport in the Philippines. The Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport is located 4.3 nautical
miles southeast of Tacloban City proper, having a road distance of about ten (10)
kilometers from kilometer zero (0) origin. The airport runway is 2,140 meters long
and 45 meters wide with 1,000 meter wide easements. The width of the runway is
enough to accommodate Boeing 737 planes. The airport is being maintained and
managed by the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines (CAAP). At present, plans
are being considered for it to become an airport of international standards.

In terms of market share in the airline industry flying the Manila and Cebu
destination in 2015 , Philippine Airlines tops the list with 2,583 trips, while Cebu
Pacific comes in second with 2,301 trips. Air Asia Zest has 939 trips going to Manila
only. For the departing passengers alone, at 150 passengers per flight mutilplied by
the number of trips for the whole year it is estimated that 873,450 persons were
passengers of these 3 airlines in 2015.

5.62.1 Inventory of Air Transport in Tacloban, 2015

Company Destination Frequency Total Number Remarks


of Flights

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Tacloban City Ecological Profile 2016 City Planning and Development Office

Philippines Mla –Tac 4x daily 1,384 January –


Airlines (PAL) Tac – Mla 4x daily 1,384 Dec. 2015

Philippines Mactan – Tac Daily 1,199 March –


Airlines (PAL) Tac –Mactan Daily 1,199 Dec. 2015

Cebu Pacific Air Mla –Tac 4x daily 1,352 January –


(CPA) Tac – Mla 4x daily 1,352 Dec. 2015

Cebu Pacific Air Mactan – Tac 3x daily 949 January –


(CPA) Tac –Mactan 3x daily 949 Dec. 2015

Air Asia Zest Mla –Tac 3x daily 939 January –


Tac – Mla 3x daily 939 Dec. 2015
Source: Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines

5.63 BY SEA

Tacloban City has one operational port under the direct operation and
supervision of the Philippine Ports Authority (PPA). This port caters to local and
foreign vessels, fishing boats and other smaller motorboats. There are virtually
countless of motor bancas stretched from the main port to Quezon Boulevard.
These motor bancas and motorboats are private but most are used as mode of
public transport for residents of nearby municipalities in Samar and Leyte.

Tacloban City has an operational port and there is a regular schedule of trips
to Manila and Cebu City by three shipping lines namely:, Gothong Southern Shipping
Lines, Incorporated , Meridian Cargo Forwarders, Inc. , Oceanic Container Lines ,
Ocean Transport.

Table 5.63.1 Inventory of Motor Vessels Plying Tacloban, 2014

Frequency
Shipping Company Vessel Destination of Trip
Don Alfredo Sr ceb-tac-mla once a week

Don Alfredo Sr2 cag-tac-mla once a week


Don Alfonso mla-tac-mla once a week
Gothong Southern Shipping
Lines Inc.
Don Alberto cag-tac-mla once a week
Don Albino sr cag-tac-mla once a week

Don Carlos 2 cag-tac-mla once a week


Meridian Cargo John Oliver mla-tac-mla once a week
Forwarders, Inc
Ocean Reliable omc-tac-omc once a week
Ocean cag-tac-omc once a week
Oceanic Container Lines Dependable

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Ocean Transport LCT angelo ceb-tac-ceb once a week

5.70 COMMUNICATION FACILITIES

In the advent of modern communications technology, Tacloban City is in the


forefront of communications facility in the region. Three mobile phone
communication companies namely: Smart, Globe and Sun Cellular are operating in
the city. Bayan Telephones is well entrenched in the city. It is the primary landline
telephone company in the region with about 90 percent of its connections in
Tacloban City. Globe and PLDT landline telephones are other companies operating
in the city.

Radio communications is another facility present in the city. There are 2 telex
and telegraph providers, TELOF and PT&T. Moreover, there are 2 AM radio
broadcast stations, 4 FM broadcast stations, 3 television broadcast providers and 2
cable TV providers.

There are 35 cell sites all over the city proper and its suburbs and they
provide an infinite communication capability for the residents of the city. Tacloban
City is globally linked with its varied communication facilities through international
networking using computers and other gadgets such as cellular phones and other
modern equipment.

Table 5.70.1 COMMUNICATION SERVICES FACILITIES , NTC 2015

TYPE Address
Internet Provider
Globelines/Innove Robinson’s Place Marasbaras
Globe Telecom Robinson’s Place Marasbaras
Smart Communication P. Zamora Street
Digitel (Sun Cellular) Robinson’s Place Marasbaras
Bayantel Sto. Niño Street
PLDT Jones Street
Filproducts CATV Services P. Burgos Street
Telephone Services
Globelines/Innove Robinson’s Place Tacloban city
Bayantel Sto. Niño Street
PLDT Jones Street
Cellular Phone
Globelines/Innove Robinson’s Place Marasbaras
Smart Communication P. Zamora Street
Digitel (Sun Cellular) Robinson’s Place Marasbaras
TV Broadcast
ABS-CBN Network (Channel 2) Avenida Veteranos
ABS-CBN Network (Studio 23) Mt. Naga-Naga, Brgy. Utap
GMA 7 Network (TV Relay) Mt. Vasper, Brgy. Tigbao

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TYPE Address
Sarage int’l & Mgt. Corp. (ABC-5) Cong. Artemio Mate Extension
Universal Broadcasting Corp. (DYPR) Price Mansion, Sto Niño Street
AM Broadcast
Manila Broadcasting Company (DYVL) Diversion Road, Pawing, Palo, Leyte
Manila Broadcasting Company (DYTH) Diversion Road, Pawing, Palo, Leyte
FM Broadcast
ABS-CBN Network (DYTC) Avenida Veteranos
Allied Broadcasting Center, Inc. (DYAB) Cong. Artemio Mate Extension
Century Communications, Inc. (DYXV) Yao Bldg., Real Street
East Visayan Broadcasting Co. (DYBR) Old Road Sagkahan
Manila Broadcasting Company (DYTM) Leyte Park Cmpd. Magsaysay Blvd.
Newsound Bctg. Network (DYTX) Real Street, Tacloban City
Radio Mindanao Network (DYXY) P. Burgos Street, Tacloban City
Tagbilaran Broadcasting System, Inc. Tacloban City
(DYGT)
Philippine Broadcasting Service Leyte Sports Center, Sta. Cruz St.
Cable Services
Leytenet P. Zamora Steet
Filproducts CATV Services P. Burgos Street
All faclities are privately owned except Phil. Boradcast Service (FM )

5.80 POSTAL SERVICES

The Philippine Postal Corporation holds its regional office in the city is located
at Trece Martirez Street. The reliable way of communicating through letters and
written manuscripts is still prevalent, particularly for areas in the region where there
are no other available means of communications. Altogether with other printed
materials such as newspapers, tabloids and magazines, these materials from Manila
arrive on time. In addition, there are 10 local publishers of tabloids and newspapers
in the city, a proof that communications and updated information is readily available
in the city.

Table 5.80.1 SERVICES OFFERED BY THE PHILIPPINE POSTAL


CORPORATION, Tacloban City 2014

DOMESTIC
MAIL INTERNATIONAL SPECIAL SERVICES
SERVICES MAIL SERVICES PRODUCTS
INTERNATIONAL
PRIORITY EXPRESS MAIL DIGITIZED POSTAL ID STAMPS
REGISTERED
ORDINARY MAIL LOGISTICS PHILATELY

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ELECTRONIC
POSTAL
DOMESTIC MONEY
EXPRESS SPECIAL ORDER
MAIL DELIVERY LOCK BOXES (E-POST)
MONEY
ORDER
REGISTERED OCEANJET SERVICE
MAIL AIR PARCEL TICKETING (PAPER-BASE)
ACCREDITED
COLLECTING AGENT
DOMESTIC OF PHILHEALTH
PARCEL POST CARD REMITTANCES
POSTAGE CHARGE
ACCOUNT
Source: Philippine Postal Corporation

5.91 Solid Waste and Sewerage System

Considering that the dumpsite area is small and the implementation of SWM
Act 9003, the city is serious with its segregation scheme and its policy is being
implemented up to the barangay level. The city needs to implement the waste
segregation policy to make sure that only the residuals will be transported to the
dumpsite. All the recyclables and the biodegradable will not be collected by the
service provider. The city also employed night sweepers to ensure that garbage is
well kept in the city proper particularly in the city streets. Penalties and reprimand
will be imposed to the law breakers.

Tacloban City’s solid waste disposal system is privatized by the City


Government to two service provider namely ECI and Victoria. The City Government
still uses controlled dumpsite disposal system where the process uses soil as cover
in Old Kawayan but a new dumpsite is being built at brgy San Roque and will be
operational by December 2015.

The new dumpsite is located at Brgy. San Roque, a barangay in the northern
part of the city. The problem of trucks and its maintainance is with the contractor. But
city personnel are assisting the contractor in covering of the garbage using top soil.

5.92 SLAUGHTERHOUSE

There is only one public slaughterhouse/abattoir in the city and it is located in


Brgy. Diit, Tacloban City. In the year prior to 2008, the operations of the
slaughterhouse was privatized, but some requirements and conditions were not met
by the private party, the slaughterhouse was reverted back to the city government.

Although the public slaughterhouse/abattoir was badly damaged by typhoon


Yolanda in 2013 the facility is still in operation in 2015. In as much as the main
building, some equipment and facilities need some repairs and improvement, the
National Meat Inspection Commission has given the City Government of Tacloban a

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grant to improve the whole abattoir and convert its classification to triple A. Since the
old slaughterhouse is located in a danger zone, a proposed slaughterhouse will be
located in Brgy Salvacion.

5.93 MARKET

Tacloban City has 4 public markets. The main public market is located at
Tarcela Street. There is the Magallanes Public Market, Old Road Fish Shed, the San
Jose Public Market. Likewise there are 5 private “talipapa” in Brgy. Utap,
Marasbaras, Picas, Kalipayan and Calanipawan.

The main public market has three main buildings set together and faces the
wet or fish section. The new two wings are two storey buildings, the upper storey
intended for dry goods section and restaurants. In addition, there is the “Bagsakan”
area where vegetable and other similar products from other municipalities are
brought for the middlemen and retailers.
CHAPTER 6

LOCAL INSTITUTIONAL CAPABILITY

6.10 LOCAL PLANNING STRUCTURE

Organizational Structure

Administrative Structure

The Office of the City Mayor, with the Mayor as Chief Executive, exercises the
general supervision and control over all programs, activities and projects of the City
Government. Enforcement of laws, rules and regulations is likewise under the control
and supervision of the Executive Branch, represented by the City Mayor. Tacloban
City has nineteen (19) component departments and each department has its
distinctive and inherent function to assist the City Mayor in the enforcement of
activities and regulation of laws. Likewise, generation and maximization of income is
another function of the executive branch which is specifically undertaken by the
treasury department.

While the Chief Executive exercises full administrative powers over the
formulation of policies, strategies and plans and the implementation of such
proposals, he is ably assisted or represented by the various department heads
concentrating on their respective field of concerns. Such policies ensure the delivery
of basic services and the coordinated efforts of the various departments give an
efficient, effective and equitable implementation of projects parallel to the Vision and
Mission of the City Government, purposely to benefit the people.

The Executive Branch has a total work force of 1,797 with one elective official,
the City Mayor, 698 permanent employees, 100 casuals and 1,000 Job Order
workers.

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Table 6.10.1 National Offices with Local Operations

City Auditor’s Office Edna A. Apurillo, CPA


City Register of Deeds Atty. Emeterio D. Villanoza, Jr.
Tac. City Central Fire Station C/Insp. Rodrigo A. Almaden Jr.
Tac. City Police Station P/CSupt. Domingo Say Cabillan
City Prosecutor’s Office Atty. Ruperto Golong
City Court Branch I Judge Sylvia P. Lamoste
City Court Branch II Judge Wenceslao B. Vanilla
City COMELEC Rosemarie Ann R. Polistico
Clerk of Court Edwin K. Cabello
Bureau of Jail Mgt. & Penology C/Insp. Ramil S. Vestra

Table 6.10.2 City Department Heads and Offices

Office of the City Mayor Hon. Alfred S. Romualdez


City Legal Office Atty. Sheena May Tejano
Permits and Licenses Division Atty. Irene Chiu - OIC
City Nutrition Office Marilou Tabao
City Tourism Office Gerald Ligan
City Coop. Dev. & Livelihood Ruena M. Mate
PESO Emilia Cruz
City Population Office Cielito Esquibel
City Sports & Dev. Office Joel Bugho
Mgt. Information System Division Randy Calahi
Office of the City Administrator Atty. Jenny Lyn Polistico-Manibay
Tacloban Supermarket Cesar Q. Salipot
City Planning & Dev’t Office Rolando G. Hidalgo
City Local Gov’t Operations Office Atty. Darwin N. Bibar, CESO IV
Human Resource and Devt. Office Ruena M. Mate - OIC
City Treasurer’s Office Zosima A. Cordaño
City Accountant’s Office Salvador A. Abina, CPA
Internal Audit System Office Antonio C. Tan
City Assessor’s Office Engr. Carlos Cordero
City Budget Office Vicente L. Dy, III - OIC
City Civil Registrar’s Office Atty. Annaliza C. Albaniel
City Health Office Dr. Jaime M. Opinion Jr., M.D.
City Social Welfare & Dev’t Office Dr. Gloria Fabrigas
City Engineer’s Office Engr. Dionisio De Paz
City Archetect’s Office Arch. Danilo M. Fuentebella
City General Services Office Rodulph M. Mate
City Agriculturist’s Office Victoria S. Collantes, CPA - OIC
City Veterinary Office Dr. Eunice J. Alcantara
City Environment & Nat. Resources Jonathan Hijada

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TOMECO Teofilo H. Brosas, Ph.D-OIC


City Information Office Bernardita B. Valenzuela – OIC
City Housing Office Ma. Lourdes Lagman – OIC
DEP-ED City Division Office Gorgonio G. Diaz, Ph.D.

Legislative Structure

With its intrinsic function as the check and balance in local governance, the
Sangguniang Panglunsod (SP) exerts equal powers with the Executive Branch. It
performs its functions through parliamentary procedures done in the session hall
through the conduct of a regular session once a week. Plans, policies and projects,
upon its formulation in the executive branch, are then passed to the Sanggunian for
approval and appropriation of funds.

Primarily the council enacts ordinances, passes resolutions and on fiscal


matters sees to the maximum generation of resources and revenues for the
development plans, programs, priorities and activities of the city, which in substance
is for the general welfare of the constituents.

In addition, it ensures the proper and equal apportioning of funds and


qualifying the priorities set by the executive branch and notes the propriety of funding
requests, fund disposal and appropriations. In which case, pursuant to the legislative
authority granted by Republic Act 7160 (Local Government Code of 1991) to the
Sanggunian and in accord to the laws, the SP has the authority to reject or approve
the appropriations passed by the executive branch.

Considering the advantage of the constituents, the council acts in a


cooperative stance with the executive council on matters that generate the general
welfare of the citizenry. The Sangguniang Panlungsod is composed of 57 officials
and employees, 11 of whom are elected and representatives from the Association of
Barangay Chairmen (ABC) and Sangguniang Kabataan (SK).

Sangguniang Panglunsod Officials (2013-2016)

City Vice Mayor and Presiding Officer Hon. Jerry T. Yaokasin


Floor Leader Hon. Edwin Y. Chua
Asst. Floor Leader Hon. Cristina G. Romualdez

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Sangguniang Panglunsod Members:


Hon. Jerry S. Uy
Hon. Edward Frederick I. Chua
Hon. Evangeline L. Esperas
Hon. Dalisay T. Erpe
Hon. Jose Mario S. Bagulaya
Hon. Victor Emmanuel V. Domingo
Hon. Neil A. Glova
Hon. Raissa J. Villasin
ABC Pres., Presiding Officer Protempore Hon. Eden C. Pineda
SK President Hon. Edward Edmund I. Chua
Board Secretary Atty. Maila C.N. Andrade

Sangguniang Panglunsod Standing Committees

By virtue of a resolution, the Legislative Body of the City Government of


Tacloban elected the members of the 28 standing committees together with its
respected chairman and vice-chairman and representatives of 2 special bodies.The
following standing committees are:

Table 6.10.3 Different Committee in Sangguniang Panglunsod

1. Committee on Finance and Appropriations


Chairman: Hon. Cristina Romualdez
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Edwin Y. Chua
Members: Hon. Eden C. Pineda
Hon. Edward Frederick I.Chua
Hon. Victor Emmanuel V. Domingo

2. Committee on Ways and


Means:
Chairman: Hon. Jerry S. Uy
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Edward Frederick I.Chua
Members: Hon. Evangeline L. Esperas
Hon. Raissa J. Villasin
Hon. Neil A. Glova

3. Committee on Education, Culture and Student Affairs:


Chairman: Hon. Edward Frederick I.Chua
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Evangeline L. Esperas
Members: Hon. Edward Edmund I. Chua
Hon. Jerry S. Uy
Hon. Cristina G. Romualdez

4. Committee on Personnel Administration and Appointments:


Chairman: Hon. Eden C. Pineda

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Vice-Chairman: Hon. Cristina G. Romualdez


Members: Hon. Edwin Y. Chua
Hon. Victor Emmanuel V. Domingo
Hon. Edward Frederick I.Chua

5. Committee on Laws, Rules and Privileges:


Chairman: Hon. Jerry S. Uy
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Evangeline L. Esperas
Members: Hon. Edwin Y. Chua
Hon. Neil A. Glova

6. Committee on Health and Sanitation:


Chairman: Hon. Evangeline L. Esperas
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Eden C. Pineda
Members: Hon. Jose Mario S. Bagulaya
Hon. Raissa J. Villasin
Hon. Jerry S. Uy

7. Committee on Markets, Slaugtherhouse and Abattoir:


Chairman: Hon. Neil A. Glova
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Jerry S. Uy
Members: Hon. Dalisay T. Erpe
Hon. Raissa J. Villasin
Hon. Jose Mario S. Bagulaya

8. Committee on Public Order, Security and Safety:


Chairman: Hon. Edwin Y. Chua
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Cristina G. Romualdez
Members: Hon. Eden C. Pineda
Hon. Edward Frederick I.Chua
Hon. Jose Mario S. Bagulaya

9. Committee on Labor, Employment and Overseas Workers:


Chairman: Hon. Jose Mario S. Bagulaya
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Edward Frederick I.Chua
Members: Hon. Edwin Y. Chua
Hon. Jerry S. Uy
Hon. Evangeline L. Esperas
10. Committee on Tourism and Cultural Affairs:
Chairman: Hon. Cristina G. Romualdez
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Eden C. Pineda
Members: Hon. Edward Edmund I. Chua
Hon. Victor Emmanuel V. Domingo
Hon. Edwin Y. Chua

11. Committee on Social


Services:

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Chairman: Hon. Dalisay T. Erpe


Vice-Chairman: Hon. Raissa J. Villasin
Members: Hon. Neil A. Glova
Hon. Victor Emmanuel V. Domingo
Hon. Edward Frederick I.Chua

12. Committee on Engineering, Intfrastructure General Services:


Chairman: Hon. Victor Emmanuel V. Domingo
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Edwin Y. Chua
Members: Hon. Cristina G. Romualdez
Hon. Edward Frederick I.Chua
Hon. Neil A. Glova

13. Committee on Games, Amuysement and Entertainment:


Chairman: Hon. Dalisay T. Erpe
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Neil A. Glova
Members: Hon. Jose Mario S. Bagulaya
Hon. Jerry S. Uy
Hon. Victor Emmanuel V. Domingo

14. Committee on Agriculture, Fisheries and Aquatic Resources:


Chairman: Hon. Jose Mario S. Bagulaya
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Neil A. Glova
Members: Hon. Raissa J. Villasin
Hon. Evangeline L. Esperas
Hon. Dalisay T. Erpe

15. Committee on Banks, Franchises and Public Utilities:


Chairman: Hon. Evangeline L. Esperas
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Dalisay T. Erpe
Members: Hon. Edwin Y. Chua
Hon. Raissa J. Villasin
Hon. Neil A. Glova

16. Committee on Barangay


Affairs:
Chairman: Hon. Eden C. Pineda
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Edwin Y. Chua
Members: Hon. Edward Frederick I.Chua
Hon. Victor Emmanuel V. Domingo
Hon. Cristina G. Romualdez

17. Committee on Youth and Sports Development:


Chairman: Hon. Edward Frederick I.Chua
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Edwin Y. Chua
Members: Hon. Eden C. Pineda
Hon. Victor Emmanuel V. Domingo
Hon. Cristina G. Romualdez

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18. Committee on Ethics and Blue Ribbon:


Chairman: Hon. Edwin Y. Chua
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Evangeline L. Esperas
Members: Hon. Eden C. Pineda
Hon. Edward Frederick I.Chua
Hon. Victor Emmanuel V. Domingo

19. Committee on Women and Family Relations:


Chairman: Hon. Jose Mario S. Bagulaya
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Raissa J. Villasin
Members: Hon. Cristina G. Romualdez
Hon. Dalisay T. Erpe
Hon. Evangeline L. Esperas

20. Committee on Justice and Human Rights:


Chairman: Hon. Jerry S. Uy
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Neil A. Glova
Members: Hon. Dalisay T. Erpe
Hon. Jose Mario S. Bagulaya
Hon. Victor Emmanuel V. Domingo

21. Committee on Environmental Protection and Waste Management:


Chairman: Hon. Raissa J. Villasin
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Jose Mario S. Bagulaya
Members: Hon. Evangeline L. Esperas
Hon. Cristina G. Romualdez
Hon. Edward Frederick I.Chua

22. Committee on Livelihood and Cooperative Development:


Chairman: Hon. Raissa J. Villasin
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Dalisay T. Erpe
Members: Hon. Neil A. Glova
Hon. Victor Emmanuel V. Domingo
Hon. Eden C. Pineda

23. Committee on Barangay Disputes and Communication:

Chairman: Hon. Eden C. Pineda


Vice-Chairman: Hon. Edwin Y. Chua
Members: Hon. Cristina G. Romualdez
Hon. Emund Edward I. Chua
Hon. Victor Emmanuel V. Domingo

24. Committee on People Empowerment and Participation:


Chairman: Hon. Emund Edward I. Chua
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Victor Emmanuel V. Domingo

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Members: Hon. Edward Frederick I.Chua


Hon. Eden C. Pineda
Hon. Cristina G. Romualdez

25. Committee on Business, Trade and Industry and Consumer Protection:


Chairman: Hon. Raissa J. Villasin
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Jerry S. Uy
Members: Hon. Evangeline L. Esperas
Hon. Victor Emmanuel V. Domingo
Hon. Edward Frederick I.Chua

26. Committee on Transportation, Terminal Administration, Communication,


and Public Information:
Chairman: Hon. Edward Frederick I.Chua
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Edwin Y. Chua
Members: Hon. Jerry S. Uy
Hon. Neil A. Glova
Hon. Emund Edward I. Chua

27. Committee on Urban Poor, Housing and Human Settlement:


Chairman: Hon. Neil A. Glova
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Jerry S. Uy
Members: Hon. Victor Emmanuel V. Domingo
Hon. Dalisay T. Erpe
Hon. Evangeline L. Esperas

28. Committee on Information, Technology and Development:


Chairman: Hon. Edward Frederick I.Chua
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Jerry S. Uy
Members: Hon. Victor Emmanuel V. Domingo
Hon. Emund Edward I. Chua
Hon. Cristina G. Romualdez

29. Oversight Committee on Disaster Risk Reduction & Management :


Chairman: Hon. Edwin Y. Chua
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Jerry S. Uy
Members: Hon. Cristina G. Romualdez
Hon. Eden C. Pineda
Hon. Edward Frederick I.Chua

30. Committee on Gender and Devlopment :


Chairman: Hon. Jose Mario S. Bagulaya
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Jerry S. Uy
Members: Hon. Evangeline L. Esperas
Hon. Raissa J. Villasin
Hon. Dalisay T. Erpe

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31. Committee on Senior Citizen Affairs, Retirees, Veterans and Person with
Disabilities:
Chairman: Hon. Victor Emmanuel V. Domingo
Vice-Chairman: Hon. Edward Frederick I.Chua
Members: Hon. Neil A. Glova
Hon. Jerry S. Uy
Hon. Emund Edward I. Chua

1. People’s Law Enforcement Board (PLEB)


Representative: Hon. Edwin Y. Chua

City Development Council

To act fairly on all line activities of the administration, the City Development
Council (CDC) acts as the planning and implementing arm of the executive branch. It
assists the Sangguniang Panglungsod in setting the direction of economic and social
development and coordinating these development efforts within its territorial
jurisdiction.

The formulation of long term, medium term and annual economic


development plans, evaluation and prioritization of socio-economic development
programs and projects, formulation of local investment incentives, coordinate,
monitor and evaluate the implementation of development projects form part of the
functions of this Special Body. The Committee has five sectoral committees for
cohesive planning and implementation of plans. These sectoral committees are
General Administration Coordination and Assistance Committee, Infrastructure and
Utilities Development Committee, Economic Development Committee,
Environmental Development Committee and Social Development Committee.

The Tacloban City Development Council is active and meetings are regularly
conducted particularly to approve collated projects and activities of the city
government and barangays for sourcing of funds and inclusion in the Annual
Investment Program.

6.22 DEVELOPMENT LEGISLATION

6.22.1 Inventory of resolutions passed and ordinances enacted

To be at pace with the rapid growth of the city as envisioned by the present
administration, the Sangguniang Panlungsod and its personnel earnestly maximize
meager resources vis-a-vis indisputable constraints such as, but not limited to, the
lack of personnel and supplies in the performance and discharge of its statutory
mandate. Consistent with its intrinsic function as the check and balance in local
governance, the Sangguniang Panlungsod exerts equal powers with the Executive

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Branch. It performs/discharges its functions through parliamentary procedures set in


motion during regular and special sessions at least once a week.
Primarily, the Sangguniang Panlungsod enacts ordinances and adopts
resolutions necessary for an efficient and effective City Government.

ACCOMPLISHMENT FOR CY 2015

The Sangguniang Panlungsod, the law-making branch of a local government


unit, exercise proportionately equal powers with the Executive Branch. The
performance and discharge of it s functions is by way of parliamentary procedures
set in motion during regular sessions, at least once a week.

The Sangguniang Panlunsod is primarily tasked to enact ordinances and


adopts resolution designed to serve the general welfare of its constituents.

Role of the Legislative Body:

General Powers of the Sangguniang:


a. Rule Making
 Budget and Appropriation Budget appropriation
 General Welfare
 Regulatory Functions
 Taxation
b. enactment of internal rules
 Other powers necessarily implied there from or necessary, appropriate
and incidental for the effective governance
c. InvestigatoryReview
d. Adjudicatory or Quasi judicial

LOCAL LEGISLATION (2015)

Various Ordinances have been passed by the 12th Sangguniang Panlungsod


in 2015, among them, to wit:
1
2 I. ADMINISTRATIVE GOVERNANCE
1 1. Ordinances on Various Supplemental Budgets
2 2. Ordinance No. 2015-12-30, “An Ordinance Creating the Tacloban City
Local Aids Council”
3 3. Ordinance 2015-12-24, “An Ordinance Creating New Positions in the
Human ResourceManagementOffice

Ordinance No. 2015-12-23, “An Ordinance Creating the Position of One (1) Assistant
City Budget Officer and Three (3) Administrative Aide II in the City Budget Office and
Providing Funds Thereto”;
1 5. Ordinance No. 2015-12-10, “An Ordinance Naming an Unnamed Street at
Sitio New Era, Barangay Paglaum, Tacloban City as Felix Y. Manalo Street”

1 II. SOCIAL GOVERNANCE

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1 1. Ordinances Granting Various Franchises to Operate Internet Cafes


2 2. Ordinance No. 2015-12-25, “An Ordinance Prohibiting Home Deliveries for
Pregnant Mothers in the City of Tacloban”;

1 III. ECONOMIC GOVERNANCE

1 1. Ordinance No. 2015-12-08, “An Ordinance Granting Pinoyako Corporation


Franchise to Operate 60 units of Electric Trike Cab for Hire (ETCH) within the City of
Tacloban;
2 2. Ordinance No. 2015-12-18, “An Ordinance Adjusting the Schedule of Fares
for Motor-Cabs-For Hire (MCH) Plying within the Territorial Jurisdiction of Tacloban
City, Providing Penalties for Violation Thereof and for Other Purposes; - This
ordinance effectively reduced the fare from Php 8.00 to Php 7.00 due to the
successive rollback of petroleum products;
3 3. Ordinance No. 2015-12-19, “An Ordinance Governing the Use,
Management and Operation of the Tacloban City Fishport, Prescribing Fees and
Charges and for other Purposes”;
4 4. Various Ordinances Reclassifying parcels of land in the Northern Part of
Tacloban City from Agricultural to Socialized Housing Zone for Permanent
Resettlement Area;

IV. ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE

1 1. Ordinance No. 2015-12-03, “An ordinance Suspending the Implementation


of Ordinance 2013-12-06 (Garbage Collection Fees) until December 31, 2015;

The Sangguniang Panlungsod also enacted the General Appropriations Ordinance


(Annual Budget) for 2016 in the amount of One Billion Thirteen Million One Hundred
Twenty-Two Thousand Three Pesos (Php 1,013,122,003.00). This is the first time
that the budget has reached the one billion mark.

January to December 2015


Summary of Total Ordinances - 34
Summary of Total Resolutions - 399

Resolutions authorizing the Honorable City Mayor to enter into several


Memoranda of Agreement with Non-Government Organizations (NGO) and
International Non-Government Organizations (INGO), as well as with the National
Government Agencies as well as LGUs such as DSWD, DepED, DPWH, DILG,
DOST, DOTC, NHA, DOLE, DA, PDRF, DOH, TESDA, DOTC, RCAP, BFAR,
EVRMC were also passed.
Attached hereto is the summary of Resolutions passed and approved by the
Sangguniang Panlungsod in 2015.

STAFF DEVELOPMENT:
The Sangguniang Panlungsod conducted its annual Staff Development and
Team Building last August 21-22, 2015 at Agta Beach, Almeria, Biliran. Participating
in STAFF DEVELOPMENT activities encourages staff to develop cooperative

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decision making and problem solving skills, and learn about co-worker’s strengths
and abilities thus improving the quality of service and productivity.

SPORTS DEVELOPMENT:
In order to promote sports to improve the health and well-being of its
employees, the Sangguniang Panlungsod conducted its first-ever Basketball
Tournament from July to September 2015. Male employees were divided into 4
teams composed of regular and casual employees as well as job order workers.

Likewise, as part of the Sports and Development Program of the office, a


twice-a-week ZUMBA was introduced last August 2015 that lasted up to December
2015. ZUMBA is a dance fitness program involving dance choreography and aerobic
elements. Employees are encouraged to improve their fitness level, lose weight and
to make exercise as part of their lifestyle. The Zumba program is considered as
effective The Zumba program is considered as effective therapy for stress and thus
will improve on the behavior of employees in their everyday work.

GAD SEMINAR:
Last December 18, 2015, the Sangguniang Panlungsod conducted its annual
GAD Seminar with the topic on Gender Sensitivity in the Workplace. The concept of
gender sensitivity has been developed as a way to reduce barriers to personal and
economic development created by sexism. Gender Sensitivity helps to generate
respect to the individual regardless of sex.

Gender sensitivity is not about pitting women against men. On the contrary,
education that is gender sensitive benefits members of both sexes. It helps them
determine which assumptions in matters of gender are valid and which are
stereotyped generalizations. Gender awareness requires not only intellectual effort
but also sensitivity and open-mindedness. It opens up the widest possible range of
life options for both men and women. As universally recognized at the World
Conference on Women in Beijing in 1995, countries will neither prosper nor thrive
unless they are equally supportive of women in their quest for a fulfilling life.
(source:UNESCO)
The seminar aimed to change the behavior and instill empathy into the views that we
hold about our own and the other sex. It raised gender consciousness among
employees and equip them with gender-sensitive tools as front-liners in the delivery
of various services to our clients and constituents.

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6.20 FISCAL MANAGEMENT

6.21 Status of Financial Health

Tacloban City’s fiscal capability could be appraised through the various


sectors given the necessary funding for implementation. As priorities were set, the
next step would be appropriations for these priority activities. The City Government
is well prepared to implement these identified projects and other obligations with
consideration to the fiscal capability and revenue collected by the City Government.
Worth noting is that the income has been slowly making an upward trend attributed
to the measures employed for an effective and efficient revenue collection.

At the most, the finances, resources and budgetary requirements for services
were properly appropriated based on its prioritization and expediency. The
economic, social and infra-utilities services were given sectoral appropriations to
sustain the thrust of development and support the promotion for a better life for the
people of Tacloban.

The generation of income by the city government had a good turn-out due to
the stringent implementation of regulatory laws and ordinances and measures to
make more income by way of the economic enterprise divisions of the city
government. Altogether with the judicious management of the financial capability and
regular monitoring of priority projects, the City Government of Tacloban managed to
lessen the unnecessary expense and allocated more for the development fund.

This financial competence was the result of the actual fiscal revenue
collection of 2015 which was higher than projected in 2014, will give certainty to the
fiscal strength of Tacloban City and the implementation of its programs and projects
particularly the physical facelift and development of the city as a newly categorized
Highly Urbanized City.

6.23 Revenues by Source

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The total income of the City Government of Tacloban was sourced from tax
revenues, permits and licenses, miscellaneous fees and the internal revenue
allotment from the Bureau of Internal Revenue.

In 2015 the tax revenue source increased by 10.08% (P 237,858,319) as


compared to 2014 (216,074,414). However, in terms of Permits, Licenses, Fees
there was a decrease of 31.09% (P 159,512,415) as compared to 2014 data
(P231,467,975). In terms of the revenue allotment, there was an increase of 23.61%(
P 542,629,266) compared to 2014 (438,969,536). In 2015 there was an overall
increase of revenue source by 6.03% (P 940,000,000) as compared to 886,513,939
in 2014.

The Income Statement of Tacloban City Government is presented hereunder


in a comparative table from that of the years 2013 ,2014, 2015.

VARIATION
SOURCE 2013 2014 2015 (%)
170,620,3 216,074,4 237,858,3
Tax revenues 41 14 19 1.1008
Permits, Licenses, 303,804,0 231,467,9 159,512,4
Fees, etc. 01 75 15 0.6891
Internal Revenue 408,535,3 438,969,5 542,629,2
Alottment 06 36 66 1.2361
882,961,6 886,513,9 940,000,0
Total Income 61 39 00 1.0603

Table 6.22.1 Income Statement of Tacloban City Government, 2014

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6.24 Fiscal Autonomy

Tacloban City is doing well with its income generation scheme although it
could not be categorically stated that it is not IRA dependent because it is part of the
total revenue considered for its expenditure program. Worth noting is the fact that
for the FY 2008, there is an almost equal sharing of revenue because the local
revenue collected surpassed the IRA by P1,184,462.00, which is about .40%.

The present thrust of the local government is to improve its policies and
activities for effective and efficient income generation. Tacloban City is enjoying a
positive economic turn and with it comes more income and revenue for its various
sectoral obligations.

6.24 Actual Expenditures

General public sector concerns were among the priority activities . Below, the
allocations are defined and shown in a pie chart, presenting a balanced fiscal
management equating all sectors according to their level of prioritization and need.

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Below is the city’s certified statement of income and expenditure as taken


from the 2014 City Budget Office.

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Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 HISTORY OF TACLOBAN CITY 1

CHAPTER 2 GEO-PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT 5


Land Classification 6
Climate 7
Topography 8
Soils 10
Geology 11
Natural Drainage System 13
Water Resources 14
Potential Hazards 14

CHAPTER 3 DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIAL PROFILE

Demographic Characteristics 19
Population Size and Growth 20
Urban-Rural Population Distribution 21
Household Population by Age Group 25
Migration Pattern 26
Tempo of Urbanization 28
Population Density by Barangay 29
Health 36
Nutrition 40
Sanitation 41
Family Planning 42
Cemeteries 42
Education 43
Housing 53
Sources of Drinking Water 61
Social Welfare Service 64
Day Care Centers 69
Sports & Recreation 71
Tacloban City Police 76
Buraeu of Fire Protection 77
Tacloban City Jail 79

CHAPTER 4 THE LOCAL ECONOMY 81

A. PRIMARY ECONOMIC SECTOR


Crop Production 83
Livestock And Poultry 83
Fisheries 84
Food Self-Sufficiency Assessment 87
Forestry 87
Agricultural Support Facilities 90
Production Support Facilities 90

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B. SECONDARY ECONOMIC SECTOR


Manufacturing 92
Electricity/Gas/Water 94
Construction 99

C. TERTIARY ECONOMIC SECTOR


Financial Institutions 99
Transportation 100
Land Transportation 101
Sea Transportation 102
Air Transportation 103
Communication 104
Personal Services 106

CHAPTER 5 INFRASTRUCTURE, UTILITIES & FACILITIES


Roads 117
Bridges 119
Flood Control 123
Water Supply 124
Electric Power Supply 125
Land Transport Facilities 127
Air Transport Facilities 129
Land Transport Facilities 130
Communication Facilities 131
Postal Services 132
Solis Waste and Seweage System 133
Slaughterhouse 133
Market 133

CHAPTER 6 LOCAL INSTITUTIONAL CAPABILITY


Local Planning Structure 134
Legislative Structure 135
City Development Council 141
Development Legislation 142
Fiscal Management 145

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List of Maps

Map of the Philippines


Index Map of Tacloban City
Barangay Map
Land Classification Map
Topographic Map
Geologic Map
Location of Rivers & Creeks
Structural Map
Rain Induced Landslide Map
Flood Hazard Map
Day Care Center Location Map
Government Elementary Schools
Government Secondary Schools
Fire Hazard Map
Soil Suitability Map
Forest Protection & Production

List of Tables
Mean Monthly Rainfall
Mean Monthly Temperature
Percentage of Humidity
Mean Monthly Cloudiness
Average Rate of Annual Increase/Decrease Per Census Year
Actual and Projected Population, Household Population and Households
Actual and Projected Urban-Rural Population Distribution by Barangay
Actual Household Population by Age Group and Sex Per Census
Migration Pattern By Sex
Population Density by Barangay
Health Personnel
Health Facilities
Other Health Facilities
Number of Hospitals, Bed Capacity and Bed to Population Ratio
Ten Leading Causes of Mortality
Ten Leading Causes of Morbidity
General Health Situation for the Last Six Years
Nutritional Status of Pre-School Children
Historical Number of Population Served by Type of Clientele System
Number and Location of Day Care Centers
Number of Schools by Level of Education
Projected School Going Age Population
Participation Rate by Level with (Private Schools)
Total Number of Enrollees by Sex
Location of Public Elementary and High Schools by Division
Number of Teachers in Public and Private Schools by Level of Education
Teacher-Student Ratio in Government Elementary and Secondary
Total Occupied Housing Unit by Type of Building

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Tenure Housing and Homelot


Number of Household in Occupied Dwelling Units
Type of Fuel Used for Lighting and Cooking
Number of Household by Manner of Garbage Disposal
Labor Force and Employment Status of Household Population
Type of Sports and Recreational Facilities
Crime Statistics
Number of Vehicles (Serviceable/Unserviceable)
Firefighting Equipment (Serviceable/Unserviceable)
Volume and Value of Production by Type of Crop
Number of CARP Beneficiaries
Agrarian Reform Communities
Inventory of Livestock and Poultry Farms
Production and Value of Livestock and Poultry Products
Revenue Derived From Livestock and Poultry Business
Volume and Value of Production of Fishing Grounds/Fishpens
Fishery Technologies Adopted
No. of Fishermen by Type
Type and Volume of Economic Activities in Production Forest Areas
Number and Type of Manufacturing Industries/Activities
Number and Consumption by Type of Water Connections
Existing Commercial Establishments by Type
Number of Motor Vehicles Registered by Classification by Type
Inventory of Motor Vessels Plying
Total Shipping Statistics – Cargo and Passenger
Other Modes of Transport Facilities/Inventory of Air Transport
Number of Aircraft Movement
Specific Location of Cell Sites
Internet Service Providers
Mobile Phone Service Providers
Number of Communication Facilities by Type
Number of Registered Personal Service Establishments4.27 N
umber of Registered Community Service Establishments
List of Operating Cooperatives
Name and Type of Tourist Establishment
Distribution of Regional Travelers in the Philippines
Inventory of Roads by System and Type of Pavement
Summary of National Roads
Number and Length of Bridges
Inventory of Ancillary Facilities
Number of Connections by Type of Users and Average Consumption (kwh/mo.)
Services Offered by the Philippine Postal Corporation
Income by Source
Comparative Distribution of City Budget by Expense Class
Comparative Revenue Collection on Locally Sourced
Locally Sourced Target vs Actual Collection

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