You are on page 1of 6

{{Infobox military unit

|unit_name= Japanese Twenty-First Army

|image=

|caption=

|dates= September 19, 1938 - February 19, 1940

|country= [[Empire of Japan]]

|allegiance=

|branch= [[Imperial Japanese Army]]

|type= [[Infantry]]

|role= [[Corps]]

|garrison=[[Guangzhou]]

|nickname=none

|battles=[[Canton Operation]]

}}

The {{nihongo|'''Japanese 21st Army'''|第 21 軍 |Dai-nijyūichi gun}} was an [[corps|army]] of


the [[Imperial Japanese Army]] during the [[Second Sino-Japanese War]].

==History==

The Japanese 21st Army was formed on September 19, 1938 under the [[Imperial General
Headquarters]]. It was transferred to the control of the [[China Expeditionary Army]] on
September 23, 1939 and assigned the primary role in the [[Canton Operation]] (the invasion of
[[Guangdong]] Province in southern [[China]]), together with the [[Imperial Japanese Navy]]’s
[[IJN 5th Fleet|5th Fleet]].

On October 12, the [[IJA 18th Division|18th]] and [[IJA 104th Division|104th Division]]s landed,
followed by command units the following day. By October 21, the provincial capital of
[[Guangzhou]] was under Japanese control. The [[IJA 5th Division]] continued to advance up the
[[Pearl River (China)|Pearl River]] and by November 5 had taken the city of [[Foshan]]. By the
end of November, the entire province was under Japanese control.

The Japanese 21st Army was disbanded on February 9, 1940. Its command staff joined the staff
of the [[Japanese Southern China Area Army]], and its divisions were reassigned to other areas.

==List of Commanders==

===Commanding officer===

{| class=wikitable

! || Name || From || To

|-

|1|| General [[Motoo Furushō]] ||8 September 1938 || 9 November 1938

|-

|2||General [[Rikichi Andō]] ||9 November 1938 || 10 February 1940

|-

|}

===Chief of Staff===

{| class=wikitable

! || Name || From || To

|-

|1|| Lieutenant General [[Hisaichi Tanaka]] ||8 September 1938 || 1 August 1939

|-

|2|| Lieutenant General [[Yuitsu Tsuchihashi]] ||1 August 1939 || 1 December 1939

|-

|3|| Major General [[Hiroshi Konpon]] ||1 December 1939 || 10 February 1940
|-

|}

==Organization (as of February 9, 1940)==

'''21st Army'''

* [[IJA 5th Division|5th Infantry Division]]

** 9th Infantry Brigade

*** 11th Infantry Regiment

*** 41st Infantry Regiment

** 21st Infantry Brigade

*** 21st Infantry Regiment

*** 42nd Infantry Regiment

** 5th Mountain Artillery Regiment

** 5th Cavalry Regiment

** 5th Engineer Regiment

** 5th Transport Regiment

* [[IJA 18th Division|18th Infantry Division]]

** 23rd Infantry Brigade

*** 55th Infantry Regiment

*** 56th Infantry Regiment

** 35th Infantry Brigade

*** 114th Infantry Regiment

*** 124th Infantry Regiment

** 22nd Cavalry Battalion


** 18th Mountain Artillery Regiment

** 12th Military Engineer Regiment

** 12th Transport Regiment

* [[IJA 38th Division|38th Infantry Division]]

***228th Infantry Regiment

***[[229th Infantry Regiment (Imperial Japanese Army)|229th Infantry Regiment]]

***230th Infantry Regiment

* [[IJA 104th Division|104th Infantry Division]]

** 107th Infantry Brigade

*** 108th Infantry Regiment

*** [[170th Infantry Regiment (Imperial Japanese Army)|170th Infantry Regiment]]

** 132nd Infantry Brigade

*** 137th Infantry Regiment

*** 161st Infantry Regiment

** 104th Field Artillery Regiment

** 104th Cavalry Regiment

** 104th Engineer Regiment

** 104th Transport Regiment

* [[IJA 106th Division|106th Infantry Division]]

* 111th Mountain Artillery Regiment

* 10th Independent Mountain Artillery Regiment

* 15th Independent Military Engineer Regiment

==References==

*{{cite book
| last = Dorn

| first = Frank

| coauthors =

| year = 1974

| title = The Sino-Japanese War, 1937-41: From Marco Polo Bridge to Pearl Harbor

| publisher = MacMillan.

| location =

| isbn = 0-02-532200-1

}}

*{{cite book

| last = Madej

| first = Victor

| coauthors =

| year = 1981

| title = Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945

| publisher = Game Publishing Company

| location =

| id = ASIN: B000L4CYWW

}}

==External links==

*{{cite web

| last = Wendel

| first = Marcus

| url = http://www.axishistory.com/index.php?id=6951
| title = Axis History Factbook

| work = Japanese Twenty-First Army

}}

[[Category:Japanese armies|21]]

[[Category:Military units and formations established in 1938]]

[[Category:Military units and formations disestablished in 1940]]