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Basic Ear Training 1

Lesson 1:
Conducting as an Ear Training Tool

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Lesson 1 Conducting and Singing in 4/4


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Here is the 4/4 conducting pattern.

"S" indicates a strong beat, "W" a weak beat, and "LS" a less strong
beat.

Conductors always conduct the measures/pulse of the music with the right hand. Let’s count two
measures of 4/4 while conducting the above beat pattern with your right hand. There will be a
two measure count-off, then begin conducting.

The pattern gives you a visual picture of the pulse of the music. The first beat is the strongest,
the second weak, the third beat is strong but not as strong as the first, and the fourth beat is
weak. Conducting measures the beat and the pulse of the music. When you’re conducting a 4/4
pattern, really lean into beats 1 and 3.

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Lesson 1 Conducting and Singing in 4/4


Topic 1
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Now, let’s conduct the 4/4 pattern and sing the following whole-note rhythmic example. Sing the
Page 2
Page 3 syllable "doo" and hold each note for the full four counts. The comma (,) above the staff is a
breath mark. Make sure you take a breath before singing each note. There will be a 2-measure
Page 4
countoff. Conduct along, and sing the pitch with the piano. The symbol C ("c" for "common time")
Topic 3
is another way of expressing 4/4 time.
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The whole rest looks like this:
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It’s a heavy rest, and it hangs below the line.
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When you see this rest, you rest for a whole measure. Sing the next example alternating between
the whole note and the whole rest while conducting.

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Lesson 1 Conducting and Singing in 4/4


Topic 1
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Now let’s conduct and sing half notes with a two measure count off. The half note gets two counts
Page 2
and emphasizes beats 1 and 3 (the strong pulses of each measure). Breathe after each measure.
Page 3
Page 4
Topic 3
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Syllabus This is what the half rest looks like:
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Communication Sing and conduct the next example, alternating between the half note and the half rest.

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Lesson 1 Conducting and Singing in 4/4


Topic 1
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Finally, let’s conduct and sing quarter notes with a 2-measure countoff. Each quarter note gets
Page 2
one beat. Listen to the different pulses in 4/4 time. Again, breathe after each measure.
Page 3
Remember to sing the syllable "doo" for each quarter note.
Page 4
Topic 3
Topic 4
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Activity 1
Activity 2
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Syllabus Here’s the quarter rest, where you rest for one beat:
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Communication Sing and conduct the next example, alternating between the quarter note and the quarter rest.
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Lesson 1 Conducting and Singing in 2/4


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Click the image to start the video.
Chat

This is the 2/4 conducting pattern.

"S" indicates a strong beat and "W" a weak


beat.

Let’s count two measures of 2/4 while conducting the above beat pattern with your right hand.
Listen for the two measure count off and then conduct the pattern.

In 2/4, the first beat is strong, the second weak. Conducting measures the beat and the pulse of
the music. When you’re conducting a 2/4 pattern, really lean into beat 1 and rebound on beat 2.

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Lesson 1 Conducting and Singing in 2/4


Topic 1
Topic 2
Topic 3
Now, let’s conduct the 2/4 pattern and sing the following half note rhythmic example. Use the
Page 1
syllable “doo,” and hold each note for the full two counts. The half note marks the pulse of each
Page 2
measure. Listen for the 2-measure countoff.
Topic 4
Topic 5
Activity 1
Activity 2
Course Contents
Syllabus
Grades As you know, the quarter note gets one beat and marks the pulse of each beat in 2/4 time. Let’s
Bookmark conduct in 2/4 and sing the next example. Remember to rebound off of the strong beat 1 into
Communication beat 2.

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Sing the next example alternating between the quarter note and the quarter rest.

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Lesson 1 Conducting and Singing in 3/4


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Topic 4
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Page 2
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Activity 1
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Course Contents
Syllabus
Grades
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Communication
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Class list Click the image to start the video.
Discussion
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Here is the 3/4 conducting pattern.

"S" indicates a strong beat and "W" a weak


beat.

Let’s count two measures of 3/4 while conducting the above beat pattern with your right hand.

In 3/4 time, the first beat is the strongest, and the second and third beats are weak. When you're
conducting a 3/4 pattern, beat 1 is large, and beats 2 and 3 have much less emphasis.

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Lesson 1 Conducting and Singing in 3/4


Topic 1
Topic 2
Topic 3
Now, let’s conduct the 3/4 pattern and sing the following dotted-half-note rhythmic example. The
Topic 4
dot adds half of the value to a note; so a dotted half note gets three beats.
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3
Topic 5
Activity 1
Activity 2
Course Contents Use the syllable "doo," and hold each note for the full three counts. The dotted half note marks
the pulse of each measure. Listen for the 2-measure countoff, and then sing with the piano.
Syllabus
Grades
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Communication
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Discussion Let’s sing and conduct the following examples using the syllable "doo." Wait for the 2-measure
Chat countoff, then sing with the piano. Remember that the quarter rest gets one beat rest. Sing the
half note for the full two counts and rest on the third beat.

Sing and conduct the quarter note example in 3/4. Wait for the 2-measure countoff.

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Lesson 1 Conducting and Singing in 3/4


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Topic 3
Sing and conduct the following quarter-rest exercises. Each exercise has a two-measure countoff.
Topic 4
After the countoff, sing along with the piano.
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Activity 2
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Pro Tools 101 is ideal for many levels of Pro Tools users, from those
who have already played around with the software, to those who still
haven’t broken the cellophane on the packaging yet. “Over and over,
people who take the course tell me in the beginning that they’ve been
using Pro Tools for some time, and have made recordings but yet they have this
nagging feeling that something is missing,” said Pro Tools 101 instructor Andy
Edelstein. With the step-by-step approach presented in the online course, they end
Certificate Programs up amazed at how many things the software can do that they never knew about.
Find and enroll in a They learn shortcuts, and powerful ways to accomplish their recording and production
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goals more effectively and more efficiently. “Though it’s conceivable to learn the
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“The first order of business is just feeling comfortable with general terminology and
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An insider's look at our can sit down and use the main features in Pro Tools—the Edit and Mix windows.” The
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be used with audio in Pro Tools. Explore several examples of how fades
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The course will lead you through a series of exercises that culminate in a finished

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Berkleemusic - Inside Track Course Spotlight Pro Tools 101

mix. Exercises are assigned on a weekly basis to target specific skills, which you then
apply when you complete the final project: a piece of your own, that you record, mix,
then submit for feedback from your instructor and classmates.

Though the curriculum was developed by Digidesign, course author Edelstein


enhanced it in several ways, based on his experience as a producer/engineer, and as
a professor of Music Production and Engineering at Berklee College of Music. Chief
among these customized additions is the hands-on project that students submit for
feedback.

The course also presents a very complete set of QuickTime movies, demonstrating
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to mix. It has a good, accessible, but very wide range of potential.

Test your knowledge of the Pro Tools Take a look at basic mixing concepts
Edit window with this quiz. in Pro Tools with this demonstration.

Andy Edelstein is an active educator, record producer,


engineer, and multimedia developer. He is currently
Associate Professor of Music Production and Engineering
at Berklee, and has also served as Assistant Chair of the
Music Production and Engineering Department during his
twenty-five-year tenure at the College. Andy has
produced, recorded, and/or mixed numerous records
from jazz and rock to bluegrass, Celtic, and blues,
including the genre-bending Wayfaring Strangers critically acclaimed Rounder
releases, the SpinART debut by independent rockers Apollo Sunshine, and the
latest Dry Branch Fire Squad live album, all using his Pro Tools HD system.
Andy is Principal of Rapid Eye Media, specializing in multimedia production
services. His design and production work is featured in a series of award-
winning interactive exhibits at the American Jazz Museum in Kansas City, MO
and the Longyear Museum in Brookline, MA. Consulting clientele has included
the GRAMMY Foundation in Santa Monica, CA. Andy holds a B.S. in Electrical

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Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. More

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