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Diversity of Living Organisms : The Living World

1.One of the most important functions of botanical gardens is that


[A] One can observe tropical plants there
[B] They provide the natural habitat for wild life
[C] They allow ex-situ conservation of germplasm
[D] They provide a beautiful area for recreation
2.Which of the following is a merit in the Bentham and Hooker's system of classification?
[A] The placement of family - Asteraceae in the beginning of Gamopetalae
[B] The placement of order - Ranals in the beginning
[C] Closely related families are placed apart
[D] The position of gymnosperms in between dicots and monocots
3.Classification of organisms based on evolutionary as well as genetic relationships is called
[A] Numerical taxonomy
[B] Phenetics
[C] Biosystematics
[D] Cladistics
4.Phenetic classification of organisms is based on
[A] Sexual characteristics
[B] Dendrogram based on DNA characteristics
[C] The ancestral lineage of existing organisms
[D] Observable characteristics of existing organisms
5.In angiosperm, characters of flowers are used in classification because
[A] Flowers are attractive
[B] Flowers are large
[C] Characters of flowers are conservative
[D] None of the above
6.Biosystematics aims at
[A] Identification and arrangement of organisms on the basis of cytological characteristics
[B] The classification of organisms based on broad morphological characters
[C] Delimiting various taxa of organism and establishing their relationships
[D] The classification of organisms based on their evolutionary history and establishing their
phylogeny on the totality of various parameters from all fields of studies

7.Practical purpose of taxonomy or classification


[A] To know the evolutionary history
[B] Explain the origin of organisms
[C] Facilitate the identification of unknown species
[D] Identification of medicinal plants
8.Two plants can be conclusively said to belong to the same species if they
[A] Have more than 90 percent similar genes
[B] Can reproduce freely with each other and form seeds
[C] Have same number of chromosomes
[D] Look similar and possess identical secondary metabolites
9.In which kingdom would you classify the archaea and nitrogen-fixing organism, if the five-
kingdom system of classification is used
[A] Protista
[B] Fungi
[C] Plantae
[D] Monera
10.The Phylogenetic system of classification was put forth by
[A] Theophrastus
[B] George Bentham and Joseph Dalton Hooker
[C] Carolus Linnaeus
[D] Adolf Engler and Karl Prantl
11.Which series ends with the cohort umbellales in Bentham and Hooker's system of
classification?
[A] Heteromerae
[B] Disciflorae
[C] Thalamiflorae
[D] Calyciflorae
12.Which one of the taxonomic aids can give comprehensive account of complete compiled
information of any one genus or family at a particular time?
[A] Taxonomic key
[B] Flora
[C] Herbarium
[D] Monograph
13.A perennial shrub has compound leaves and solitary zygomorphic and epigynous flowers.
Each flower reveals dichlamydeous condition with many stamens and multiple fruit with
exalbuminous seeds. What is the ratio of advanced and primitive charactrs in it?
[A] 1: 2
[B] 2: 3
[C] 1: 1
[D] 3: 2
14.Identify from the following, the only taxonomic category that has a real existence.
[A] Phylum
[B] Species
[C] Genus
[D] Kingdom
15.In five kingdom system, the main basis of classification is
[A] Structure of cell wall
[B] Nutrition
[C] Structure of nucleus
[D] Asexual reproduction
16.Which one of the following sets of items in the options (1) - (4) are correctly categorized with
one exception in it?

Options Items Category Exception

(1) UAA, UAG, UGA Stop codons UAG

(2) Kangaroo, Koala, Wombat Australian marsupials Wombat

(3) Plasmodium, Cuscuta, Trypanosoma Protozoan parasites Cuscuta

(4) Typhoid, Pneumonia, Diphtheria Bacterial diseases Diphtheria

[A] Option (1)


[B] Option (2)
[C] Option (3)
[D] Option (4)

17.Which of the following combination of characters is true for slime molds?


[A] Parasitic, plasmodium without walls, spores dispersed by water
[B] Saprophytic, plasmodium without walls, spores dispersed by water
[C] Parasitic, plasmodium with true walls, spores dispersed by air currents
[D] Saprophytic, plasmodium without walls, spores dispersed by air currents
18.Taxonomic hierarchy refers to
[A] A list of botanists or zoologists who have worked on taxonomy of a species or group
[B] A group of senior taxonomists who decide the nomenclature of plants and animals
[C] Step-wise arrangement of all categories for classification of plants and animals
[D] Classification of a species based on fossil record
19.Maximum nutritional diversity is found in the group
[A] Fungi
[B] Plantae
[C] Monera
[D] Animalia
20.Which one of the following is common to multicellular fungi, filamentous algae and protonema
of mosses?
[A] Diplontic life cycle
[B] Multiplication by fragmentation
[C] Mode of Nutrition
[D] Members of kingdom Plantae
21.Which statement is wrong for viruses?
[A] All are parasites.
[B] Antibiotics have no effect on them.
[C] They have ability to synthesize nucleic acids and proteins.
[D] All of them have helical symmetry.
22.Which one single organism or the pair of organisms is correctly assigned to its or their named
taxonomic group?
[A] Paramecium and Plasmodium belong to the same kingdom as that of Penicillium.
[B] Nostoc and Anabaena are examples of protista
[C] Yeast used in making bread and beer is a fungus
[D] Lichen is a composite organism formed from the symbiotic association of an algae and a
protozoan.
23.Which one of the following animals is correctly matched with its particular named taxonomic
category?
[A] Cuttlefish - Mollusca, a class
[B] Tiger - Tigris, the species
[C] Housefly - Musca, an order
[D] Humans - primates, the family
24.Arrange the following in the ascending order of Linnaean hierarchy
[A] Kingdom – Phylum – Class – Order – Family – Genus – Species
[B] Kingdom – Family – Genus – Species – Class – Phylum – Order
[C] Kingdom – Order – Species – Genus – Class – Family – Phylum
[D] Species – Genus – Family – Order – Class – Phylum – Kingdom
25."New Systematics" introduced by Sir Julian Huxley in 1940 is also known as
[A] Biosystematics
[B] Cladistics
[C] Phenetics
[D] Numerical Taxonomy
26.Which one of the following is wrongly matched?
[A] Puccinia – Smut
[B] Root pressure – Guttation
[C] Cassia – Imbricate aestivation
[D] Root – Exarch protoxylem
27.Nuclear membrane is absent in
[A] Penicillium
[B] Nostoc
[C] Volvox
[D] Agaricus
28.In the five-kingdom classification, Chlamydomonas and Chlorella have been included in
[A] Plantae
[B] Algae
[C] Protista
[D] Monera
29.Single-celled eukaryotes are included in
[A] Fungi
[B] Protista
[C] Monera
[D] Archaea
30.The term species was coined by______.
[A] Aristotle
[B] Linnaeus
[C] John Ray
[D] Engler