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San José State University

Math 32, Fall 2008

Final Exam Solutions


December 17, 2008

Name: Granwyth Hulatberi

Score
1 20
2 20
3 20
4 20
5 20
6 20
Total 120

Explain your work


1. (20 points) Let a function f be defined by
( 4 x +x y +y 4
2 2

x4 +x3 y+x2 y 2 +xy 3 +y 4


if (x, y) 6= (0, 0)
f (x, y) =
1 if (x, y) = (0, 0).

(a) Is f continuous at the point (x, y) = (2008π , e2008 )?


(b) Is f continuous at the origin?

Justify your answers.

Solution: (a) f is continuous at (2008π , e2008 ) because f is a rational function and the de-
nominator of f is non-zero at that point.

(b) No. Since


3x4 3 3
f (x, x) =
4
= → ,
5x 5 5
and f (x, 0) = 1 → 1, as x → 0, the limit of f at (0, 0) doesn’t exist and is therefore not
equal f (0, 0) = 1.
2. (20 points) Suppose that f is a differentiable function. If

z = y + f (x2 − y 2 ),

compute
yzx + xzy .

Solution: By the Chain Rule,

zx = f 0 (x2 − y 2 )2x and zy = 1 + f 0 (x2 − y 2 )(−2y).

Therefore,

yzx + xzy = y[f 0 (x2 − y 2 )2x] + x[1 + f 0 (x2 − y 2 )(−2y)]


= x.
3. (20 points) Show that the ellipsoid 3x2 + 2y 2 + z 2 = 9 and the sphere

x2 + y 2 + z 2 − 8x − 6y − 8z + 24 = 0

have a common tangent plane at the point (1, 1, 2).

Solution: Let
f (x, y, z) = 3x2 + 2y 2 + z 2 = 9
and
g(x, y, z) = x2 + y 2 + z 2 − 8x − 6y − 8z + 24.
We have
∇f (x, y, z) = h6x, 4y, 2zi
and
∇g(x, y, z) = h2x − 8, 2y − 6, 2z − 8i,
so ∇f (1, 1, 2) = h6, 4, 4i and ∇g(1, 1, 2) = h−6, −4, −4i. Since ∇f (1, 1, 2) = −∇g(1, 1, 2),
the tangent planes of the surfaces f = 0 and g = 9 have the same normal, hence coincide
with each other.
4. (20 points) Find the maximum and minimum of

f (x, y) = e−xy

on the region D = {(x, y) : x2 + 4y 2 ≤ 1}.

Solution: Interior of D: Since

fx = −ye−xy and fy = −xe−xy ,

the only critical point of f in the interior of D is (0, 0). Note that f (0, 0) = 1.

Boundary of D: Let g(x, y) = x2 + 4y 2 . Since gx = 2x and gy = 8y, the Lagrange


equations are

−ye−xy = λ2x, (1)


−xe−xy = λ8y, (2)
x2 + 4y 2 = 1. (3)

Multiplying (1) by x and (2) by y yields 2λx2 = 8λy 2 or λ(x2 − 4y 2 ) = 0. If λ = 0,


then (1) and (2) imply x = y = 0, which contradicts (3). Therefore, λ 6= 0, so x2 = 4y 2 .
Substituting into (3) yields
8y 2 = 1,

which means y = ± 2√1 2 . Since x2 = 4y 2 , this implies x2 = 1/2, so x = ±1/ 2. This
gives us four points:
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
f ( √ , √ ) = f (− √ , − √ ) = e1/4 and f (− √ , √ ) = f ( √ , − √ ) = e−1/4 .
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Since e−1/4 < 1 < e1/4 , it follows that e−1/4 is the minimum and e1/4 is the maximum of
f on D.
5. (20 points) Compute the double integral
ZZ
x cos y dA,
D
p
where D is the region bounded by the curves y = 0, y = x2 , and x = π/2.

Solution: Since D is a region of type I, by Fubini’s theorem we have:


ZZ Z √π/2 Z x2
x cos y dA = x cos y dy dx
D 0 0
Z √ π/2
2
= (x sin y)|y=x
y=0 dx
0
Z √π/2
= x sin x2 dx
0

1 2 π/2
= − cos x |0
2
cos π2 − cos 0
=−
2
1
= .
2
6. (20 points) Let H be the solid above the xy-plane bounded by the unit sphere x2 + y 2 +
z 2 = 1 and the xy-plane.

(a) Sketch H.
(b) Compute the triple integral ZZZ
xyz dV.
H

Solution: (a) The upper half of the unit ball.

(b) The projection of H onto the xy-plane is the unit disk D : x2 + y 2 ≤ 1. Using
Fubini’s theorem, we obtain:
ZZZ ZZ Z √ 1−x2 −y 2
xyz dV = xyz dz dA
H D 0
ZZ √1−x2 −y2
2 z=
z
= xy dA
D 2 z=0
ZZ
1
= xy(1 − x2 − y 2 ) dA.
2 D

Here we use polar coordinates (r, θ) in which D is described by

0 ≤ r ≤ 1, 0 ≤ θ ≤ 2π.

Thus the last integral equals:


Z 2π Z 1 Z 2π Z 1
2 2
r cos θ sin θ(1 − r )r dr dθ = cos θ sin θ dθ · r3 (1 − r2 ) dr
0 0 0 0
= 0,

since
Z 2π Z 2π
1
cos θ sin θ dθ = sin 2θ dθ
0 2 0
= 0.