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HAZARD IDENTIFICATION ,

YAWAR
RISK ASSESSMENT AND HASSAN KHAN

MANAGEMENT
INTRODUCTION
METHODOLOGY :FIVE STEPS TO FOLLOW

 IDENTIFY HAZARDS
 DETERMINE THE CONSEQUENCES
 DETERMINE THE LIKELIHOOD
 ASSESS THE RISK
 MANAGE THE RISK
HOW TO IDENTIFY HAZARDS
HOW TO DETERMINE THE
CONSEQUENCES
 The tool incorporates 5 consequences factors against which a
hazard could impact,
 1 . Objectives / Financial, ( AObjectives)
 2. Degree of Harm (to Staf f, Patient, Visitor or Member of the
Public), (BHarm)
 3. Claims & Complaints / Patient Experience, (CExperience)
 4. Impact on Services / Business Interruption / Projects,
(DService
 Delivery)
 5. Adverse Publicity / Reputation/ Inspection / Audit /
Enforcement Action. ( EExternal)
HOW TO DETERMINE THE LIKELIHOOD

 Once you have determined the consequence (for each of the


hazards you identified),
 you will need to determine the likelihood of the level of
consequence you have
 identified being realised. Remember it’s the likelihood of the
consequence
 occurring, not how of ten the activity takes place.
 It is also important that any existing control measures are taken
into account when
 determining the likelihood score. The derived score should also
evaluate whether:
 the control adequately addresses the hazard
 the control measure is documented and communicated
 the control measure is in operation and applied consistently.
HOW TO ASSESS THE RISK

 The risk score is determined by multiplying the consequence


and likelihood scores you have recorded for each hazard
 To assess the risk associated with hazards you have
identified, ask the following questions:
 How likely is the hazard to cause harm to someone?
 What is the worst possible damage the hazard could cause in
terms of human suf fering and cost if you don't resolve the
problem?
 How many people are exposed to the risk? Sometimes it may
be the amount of time workers spend on an activity that
creates the safety risk, rather than the nature of the work
task itself. Everyone is dif ferent. A hazard may also pose
more risk to some people more than others because of
dif ferences in physical strength, experience, training etc.
HOW TO MANAGE THE RISK

 Level 1: Eliminate the hazard

 Level 2: Substitute the hazard with a safer alternative


 Level 3: Isolate the hazard

 Level 4: Use engineering controls


 Level 5: Use administrative controls

 Level 6: Use personal protective clothing and equipment


(PPCE) .
USEFUL RESEARCH
LIFE CYCLE RISK MANAGEMENT
THANK YOU