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 Introduction of Mobile Data Entry

Mobile data entry in the warehouse today involves the use of


wireless radio frequency (RF) terminals or devices carried by the
warehouse staff to record data. The data that the staff records is
usually in bar code form, either printed on the paperwork for
transfer orders or as bar code labels that identify products,
storage bins, or other objects.
The display on a RF device can use a graphical user interface
(GUI). The information is transmitted from the SAP system, and
individual transactions can be executed using a touch screen or
keys. A device either has a GUI or is character-based with a
special, non-graphical user interface.
Standard SAP systems support RF devices, and several
functions within the warehouse can be executed via RF.

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 Introduction to RF Devices
SAP transactions can be executed on RF Graphical User Interface Devices
devices that are handheld or forklift- The graphical user interface (GUI) RF device
mounted. No middleware software is uses a small keypad, touch screen, or some
other interface, but the data is always displayed
required to connect the devices to the in a graphical manner, as you would expect to
SAP system. see with a device such as a PDA or cell phone.
The device is connected to the SAP system, as
The SAP system’s functionality enables any other standalone computer would be.
real-time handling of material flow
through RF scanning devices. Having the Character-Based Devices
The character-based device is not
screens and the business logic within the connected directly to the SAP system
SAP system makes it easy to distribute but communicates via an interface
new processes to each device. Two called SAPConsole that was introduced
in SAP ERP Release 4.6B.
standard RF devices can be used with Communication between SAPConsole
SAP systems: and the RF device can be achieved by
using a Telnet server. SAP supports two
GUI devices industry standards for screen sizes:
Character-based devices RF devices for forklifts: 8 lines by 40
characters
The main difference is that the character- Portable RF devices: 16 lines by 20
based device uses terminal emulation, characters
and the GUI devices use a Microsoft
Windows–based operating system.
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 User Management

Each RF user is assigned to the following parameters, which can be


changed either using the RF monitor or during logon by the user in
question.
Main Menu: Identifies the group of functions provided for the user
in question
Warehouse Number: Each user can have only one warehouse
number assigned at any one time
Queue: Determines the area in the warehouse where the user is to
execute operations and the specific types of operations
Presentation Format: Each user can select one of the two
standard presentation types (8x40 and 16x20) to match the device
type used.
User Exit: Several or all screens can be customized with respect to
size and the scope of information displayed. It is possible to set one
screen that uses the user exit and another screen that uses the
standard screens, based on the selected presentation type.
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 Radio Frequency Monitor (LRF1)

The RF monitor is a tool warehouse managers can use to view


the queues that are being worked on in the warehouse. Users
with RF devices can only see the items in their queue; only the
users of the RF monitor have the overall picture of the RF
operations in the warehouse. Using the RF monitor benefits the
warehouse by enabling staff to:
 Monitor the queues and review the number of assigned
transfer orders, the number of users, and the ratio of workload
to users
 Assign transfer orders and users to other queues
 Change the processing priorities of the transfer orders in the
queues
 Give the warehouse manager a significant overview of the
devices being used and the work being performed

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 SAPConsole
SAPConsole is a tool that enables RF devices to be run within SAP applications.
Introduced in 1999, SAPConsole was shipped with SAP ERP Release 4.6B and
was used for bar code and handheld RF applications in the Logistics Execution
System (LES), which included WM.
SAPConsole can be described as a framework for automatic data collection
(AIDC) in a warehouse environment. It translates GUI screens to character-based
screens that are used on a variety of data collection devices.
SAPConsole does not contain business logic, databases, or external functionality.
Its sole function is to translate SAP GUI screens in the SAP environment to the
character-based equivalent. SAPConsole consists of four components:
 RF Terminal, which is the Telnet client
 RF Access Point, which allows for Wireless Ethernet
 Telnet Server/SAPConsole Administrator, which allows each RF terminal to
connect to the Windows machine in character-based mode and supports
VT220 terminal emulation
 SAP R/3 System that receives the data from the mobile terminals
An SAPConsole session allows a connection to the SAP system in real time,
exactly like an SAP GUI session. All the functionality and business logic resides
within the SAP application. SAPConsole connects the user to that business logic.

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