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The process that changes liquid into gas, leaving any dissolved solid material behind.

EVAPORATION

A substance that dissolves into a solvent, forming a solution.

SOLUTE

After the liquid has evaporated and changes into gas what does it rejoin?

The water cycle

Give examples of mixtures

chicken soup, salad, bag of coins, chocolate milk, gravel & water, handful of sand

Two or more material stirred together.

MIXTURE

Describe how you can identify the mass of salt in a saltwater solution?

You would actually have to allow the water to evaporate and once the water has
evaporated you would find the salt stayed in the cup.

How are screen filters and paper filters different?


They separate different size particles.

When the solute (example: solid ice tea mix) dissappears in a liquid. The solvent
(example: water) is what dissolves the solid (solute)
Tell when a solution is formed?

air, salt
Give examples of compounds

Give examples of mixture.

1. A handful of sand is a mixture of several different things

2. Vegetable Soup is a mixture because it has more than 2 ingredients in it

Remember a mixtyure is formed when 2 or more different materials/objects are put


(mixed) together.

SOLVENT
A substance that dissolves a solute to form a solution.

What is the difference between a mixture and a solution?

a mixture is when you mix two or more things together and a solution is when you make
a solution and you mix two things together, one of the things dissolves into the other.

ELEMENT

A natural susbtance found on earth.

Explain the difference between a mixture/solution and a compound

A mixture is formed when 2 or more different material/objects are put together.

A solution is created when mixing a solid and liquid together and a the solid disappears
or dissolves.

A compound is 2 or more elements chemically combined together.


COLOR

A property of an object that describes its appearance.

CRYSTAL

A solid form of material that can be identified by its properties, such as shape, color,
and pattern.

Describe when you created a separtate 2 mixtures

I took 5 ml of salt and stirred with 50 ml water


The salt dissolved into the water and made a solution. I was able to separate it through
evaporation. The water turned to a gas leaving behind the salt in a crystalized form.

Give examples of elements

gold

How are salt crystals identified?


They form an x in the corner of the dish.

The solution, saltwater, can be taken apart through the process of evaporation.
Explain the process of separating saltwater solution?

What can mixtures be separated through?

Filters
The tiniest piece of an element.

ATOM

Explain the process of separating gravel & water?

You pour the mixture through a screen filter and the the gravel and water separate.

Salt is made up of what 2 elements?

Salt is made up of sodium (Na) and chlorine (Cl).

1 mL of water equals

1 gram

Give examples of solutions

Salt, water, ice tea, Sprite

Definitions for Mixtures and Solutions

matter:
all materials in the universe.

mixture:
two or more materials mixed or stirred together.

dissolve:
the process of a material mixing with a liquid in a special way.
When salt mixes with water, it seems to disappear and
cannot be seen until the water dries up.

solution:
a special mixture formed when a material dissolves in a liquid
and cannot be filtered out.

saturation:
a solution is saturated when as much solid material (such as
sugar) as possible has dissolved in a liquid (such as coffee),
and any additional solid material sits on the bottom.

property:
a characteristic of an object; something you can observe such as
size, color, shape, or texture.

evaporation:
to dry up; to change from a liquid into a gas.

soluble:
the property that substances have of dissolving in solvents, such as
the soluability of salt in water.

saturated solution:
a solution in which no more material will dissolve; additional
material settles to the bottom.

concentration:
the amount of material dissolved in a measure of liquid; the more
material dissolved in the liquid, th more concentrated the solution.

dilute:
to make a solution less concentrated, usually by adding more
liquid.

volume:
the three-dimensional space occupied by something.

chemical reaction:
a change that occurs as a result of mixing two or more materials
together. A reaction results in the formation of new materials
with different properties from the original ones.