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DESIGN OF WATER PIPELINE TO IGWE O. C.

MANU PALACE
elev = 97.5 m

B
650 m 685 m
elev. =
99.8 m A elev. = 107.68 m
C
Borehole pumping
station

Assume population of Ewu Nkwo = 1000


Unit water demand 10 gpcd = 10 x 4.55 = 45.5 litres pcd
Add for waste 20% = 0.20 x 45.5 = 9.10 + 45.5 = 54.60
Use 55 lcpd

Water demand = 55 x 1000 lpd


3
= 55 m /d
Assuming 8 hr pumping per day, average day demand
= 55m3/8hr = 3
6.875 m /hr
3
Design source and transmission for 1.2 (6.875) = 8.25 m /hr
3
Any distribution system for 2 (6.875) = 13.75 m /hr
Design of Pipeline
3
AB: Q= 8.25 m /hr
head at source = assume 25 m head
head at sink = 3m
head loss due to difference in elevation = 25 - ((107.68 - 99.8) + 3)
= 14.12 m
This loss is encountered over a distance of (650 + 685) = 1335 m
ie 14.12/1335 = 0.010577
10.58 m / 1000 m

Q = 8.25 m3/hr = 2.29 lps


h/L = 10.58
From chart
V = 0.75 m/s
d = 80 mm ɸ
Alternatively
h = f L v2
2gd
Q = 8.25 m3/hr
L = 1335 m
Try 75 mm ɸ pipeline
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V = Q/A = 8.25 m3/hr =
3
8.25/3600 m /s
π d2/4 π d2/4 m2

= 0.518519 m/s

hf = 6.78L V
1.85

d1.165 C
= 6.741915 m .·. Ok
Use 75mm ɸ Al Class B

Assume population of 5000 persons


Use 55 lcpd
Average water daily = 55 x 5000 = 275000 lpd
3
= 275 m /d
3
8hrs daily = 275/8 = 34.375 m /hr
3
Q = 35 m /hr
L = 1335 m
Try 75 mm ɸ pipeline
V = Q/A = 35/3600
π d2/4
= 2.199776 m/s

hf = 6.78L V
1.85

d1.165 C
97.69433 m Not satisfactory
Try 150 mm ɸ :
V = Q/A = 35/3600
π d2/4
= 0.549944 m/s

hf = 6.78L V
1.85

d1.165 C
3.35242 m

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Item No. Description Quantity Unit Rate Amount
1 Clear bush on right of way 3m wide including felling of 1335 m 10 13350
trees
2 Exchange trench foundation for DIV 75 pipes not 1335 m 50 66750
exceeding 1.2m depth
3 Extra over item 2 for excavation in rock 15 m3 500 7500

4 Supply including laying of DIV 75 Asbestos cement pipes 1335 m 360 480600
class B
5 Supply and installation complete of 75mm diameter S. V 2 No 3200 6400
assembly
6 Ditto but 75mm diameter washout assembly 1 No 3200 3200

7 Supply and installation complete of 25mm small orifice 2 No 1400 2800


air valve assembly
8 Provide and cast 1:3:6 concrete thrust and anchor 1 m3 6000 6000
blocks
9 Supply and installation complete of 20mm diameter 2 No 4000 8000
round tap
10 Supply and installation of the following fittings:
(a) 75mm x 90ᵒ c.i. bends 2 No 600 1200
(b) 75mm x 22.5ᵒ c.i. bends 1 No 500 500
(c) 75mm gibault joint 6 No 350 2100
(d) 100mm x 75mm tee 1 No 600 600
599000.00
11 Add contingencies 10% 59900
Add overheads 25% 149750
Add labour 10% 59900
GRAND TOTAL ₦ 868550.00

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