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NavCad 2007
Demo Guide
NavCad is a tool for resistance prediction
and propulsion analysis of marine vehicles

HydroComp, Inc.
13 Jenkins Court, Suite 200
Durham, NH 03824 USA
Tel (603)868-3344
Fax (603)868-3366
info@hydrocompinc.com
www.hydrocompinc.com

No part of this manual, nor the software described herein, may be used, copied, modified, or transferred in any way, except
by obtaining written permission from HydroComp, Inc.

Copyright
Copyright © 2007 HydroComp, Inc. All rights reserved.

Trademarks
NavCad is a trademark of HydroComp, Inc.
What Can I Do With This Demo? 1
This demo of NavCad is functional, but limited to a small set of prediction methods and
features. However, all screens are accessible for your review, so you should investigate those
capabilities which you require.

Demo limitations
The following table lists the subset of the full NavCad capabilities which are available in the
demo:

Available in the demo NOT available in the demo


Monohulls Catamarans
Wind, Seas or Channel resistance, or drag of
Bare-hull and Appendage resistance
towed nets or barges, dynamic trim or squat
prediction
effects
Holtrop prediction methods for bare-hull and All other prediction methods (over 50 others
appendage resistance, and hull-propulsor from tankers to small fast craft, including
interaction coefficients (e.g., wake fraction) semi-displacement and full planing)
ITTC friction line ATTC and Hughes friction lines
Aligned prediction and Extrapolation
Prediction technique techniques (incorporating your own
individual model tests)
Free-run propulsion analysis Towing, Acceleration or Fixed RPM analyses
All other propeller series (Gawn and Kaplan
variants) and other propulsors (surface-
B-series propellers
piercing propellers, waterjets, cycloidal
propellers, user-defined propulsors)
All other blades numbers (2 to 7), other
Four-bladed propellers of 0.55 blade area BARs, series corrections (scale correction,
ratio with no series corrections thrust and torque correlation factors, blade
t/c, roughness, cupping, shaft angle effects)
Sub-cavitating performance Correction for trans- and full-cavitation
Fixed-pitch propellers Controllable-pitch propellers
Propeller sizing of Diameter and Pitch Sizing of Gear ratio and BAR
Propeller sizing based on Power Propeller sizing based on Thrust
Demonstration Guide To NavCad Operation 2
This chapter is an 18-step introduction to the operation of NavCad. It is intended to allow you to
investigate the entire interface, calculation procedures, and output.
The Demonstration uses data for a 50 m fast monohull vessel.

Getting Around NavCad


NavCad is based on a "document-centered" architecture, correctly known as a Multiple Document
Interface. In other words, the main NavCad window contains and processes graphs, as well as controls
the operation of the data entry and calculations. Most Windows business applications (e.g., word-
processors, spreadsheets) are arranged in much the same way.

Main Menu

Performance
Toolbar Summary

Resistance & Graph


Propulsion Window
Build Views

At the top of the window is the Main Menu (File, Edit, etc.) containing the many menu commands
which bring up data entry forms and launch calculations. Immediately underneath is the Toolbar with
buttons for frequently-used commands. To the left of the screen are the Resistance Build View and
Propulsion Build View. To the center/right is the Graph Window. On top of the graph is the
Performance Summary spreadsheet.
NOTE: A Toolbar Guide is found at the end of this chapter. This guide describes the function of each
toolbar button.

Resistance & Propulsion Build Views


The Build View (left side) changes depending upon which view is displayed – Resistance or
Propulsion. Each build view is specific to the type of analysis being performed. Having these analysis
parameters always shown allows for quick entry and revision of the parameters, and rapid re-
calculation.
Demonstration Guide To NavCad Operation 2–2

Graph Window
A graph of the current job results is always displayed. A different graph is shown depending upon the
type of calculation being performed (e.g., for Resistance calculations, the graph might show Rbare
(bare-hull resistance), for Propulsion it might be PBtotal (total brake power). The currently displayed
graph will be updated after a calculation.

Performance Summary
A performance summary spreadsheet is shown above the graph which holds the active performance
results. The values shown in the summary are different for resistance and propulsion results, and all of
the results are updated on every calculation. This insures that all data and results are properly related to
their equilibrium resistance-propulsion relationships.

Getting Help Within NavCad


NavCad contains a context-sensitive help system that is attached to the various windows and fields. It
contains program guides and technical information useful for the successful operation of the program.
Pressing F1 or the Help button at any time will display the help screen.
Within the Help menu are particular Help items that may be of general interest. These items describe
the interface commands and menu selections.

Starting the Demonstration


After you have installed the NavCad 2007 Demo, run it like you would any other program.
Instructions are shown below for the 18 illustrated steps.

Step 1 - Beginning a new project

Run the NavCad 2007 Demo and you This tutorial example is used to illustrate many of NavCad’s various program
will see the main screen. functions, and will be a good introduction to the operation of NavCad. A
resistance prediction, as well as a propeller selection and analysis of a fast
Click on File | New project (or the
displacement vessel is used to demonstrate a typical job session.
corresponding toolbar icon) to
create a new project.

Create and save the project file to disk by


clicking on File | Save project, or by
pressing Ctrl+S or clicking the Save
project toolbar button.
File name = enter Fast78m.nc5
Demonstration Guide To NavCad Operation 2–3

Step 2 – Configuring NavCad for the new project


Open the units entry window by clicking
You will want to configure NavCad for the appropriate dimensional units and
Edit | Options… from the menu.
report formatting. Each job may require that you select different units, but we
will use SI (metric) units for this example.

Under the Units & References tab, click


on SI to set all of the units to SI (metric).
Display LCB/LCF from = select AFT of FP
Click on Reports to set up your Company
name, and a Graph header and Graph
footer. This information will be displayed
on reports and graphs. Select Browser as
your Default viewer.
Then click OK to continue.
(You do not need to convert your data at
this stage.)

Step 3 – Enter vessel condition data


Define vessel speeds and water
The process of building a resistance prediction will be to first enter complete
parameters by clicking Edit | Condition
condition and vessel data, then use this data to predict resistance per your
from the menu, or with the
particular design requirements.
corresponding toolbar button.

Enter or select the following data:


Description = Fast 78 m displacement
vessel
Click on Std salt to set both Mass density
and Kinematic visc to standard ITTC
values.
Speeds = enter 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20
and 22. Values shown in red warn that the
array of performance results has not been
calculated for these speeds.
Click the Hull project data button to
immediately proceed to the hull data form.
Demonstration Guide To NavCad Operation 2–4

Step 4 – Enter hull data

If you had not proceeded directly to the A full description of your hull is necessary for a reliable analysis. This screen
hull data entry window, you could have is used to enter information about your hull. The data is parametric – meaning
opened the form by clicking Edit | Hull that the shape is described by individual numerical values (such as length or
data from the menu or by clicking the displacement) rather than by three-dimensional geometry.
corresponding toolbar button.

Enter or select the following data:


Data for = select Monohull
Length between PP = 78
WL bow pt aft FP = -0.05
Length on WL = 78.05
Max beam on WL = 11.5
Max molded draft = 4.25
Displacement bare = 1859.4
Wetted surface = skip this field for now
Chine type = select Round bilge
Cx = 0.771 (for Max section area)
Cw = 0.765 (for Waterplane area)
Trim by stern = 0
The basic hull parameters (Lwl/B, B/T, Cb, Cws) are calculated when data is
LCB aft of FP = 39.42
entered. You can also enter data directly into these fields and the dimensional
Bulb ext fwd FP = 0 (no bulbous bow)
data is recalculated. For example, enter a value into Lwl/B and a new Beam is
Bulb area at FP = 0
calculated.
Bulb ctr abv BL = 0
Transom area = 14.8
Transom beam = 0 (assume unknown)
Transom draft = 0 (assume unknown)
Half ent angle = 11.4
Bow shape = select Average flow
[Normal]
Stern shape = select WL flow [U-shape]
All data is now entered, except the Wetted NavCad provides a broad range of estimated values for many data items. We
surface. We will let NavCad suggest an have searched out the many parametric relationships developed for the various
estimate for this item. prediction methods and have presented them in this window. While reviewing
Click the estimate button located next to the available estimates for a given field, NavCad provides you with the
the Wetted surface field. Choose the appropriate range of hull parameters for each estimate. This will help insure
Holtrop estimate and click OK to bring that you select the most suitable and accurate choice.
this value into the field.
Click the Appendage project data button
to immediately proceed to the appendage
data form.

(When you leave the Hull page, you will


see an example of NavCad’s data check
as it tells you that the transom beam and
draft are zero. It is ok to proceed without
this data!)
Demonstration Guide To NavCad Operation 2–5

Step 5 – Enter appendage data


You can also open the appendage data
The prediction of resistance is not complete with the analysis of the added
entry by clicking Edit | Appendage or by
drags. Appendage drag can be a significant portion of the total drag.
clicking the corresponding
toolbar button.

Enter or select the following data:


Rudders = 33.9
Click the Estimate button next to the Drag
coefficient field, select Balanced 3.00 and
click OK to apply the suitable value.
Type the remaining appendage values as
shown below. Use the average estimates
for the drag coefficient values.
Shaft brackets = 6.9
Skeg = 58.5
Strut bossing = 8.4
Exposed shafts = 13 (use 10 deg est)
Bilge keels = 35.3
Click the Done button to close the project
data entry form.

Step 6 – Build a resistance prediction


You will now select the Bare-hull
Once all of the data is entered for the condition, hull and appendage, you can
resistance prediction method from the
build a resistance prediction. (With the full commercial version of NavCad,
Resistance build view to the left of the
you would also consider drag for wind, seas, even shallow water.)
main screen.

Select method
button

Select the following data:

Bare-hull = select Calc to tell NavCad that


you want to predict the bare-hull drag.
(Other options are to set this to Off to
clear the data or User to keep user-
entered data). The Select method button
next to the field will be enabled.

Click the Select bare-hull method button


next to the displayed bare-hull method.
This pops up the method selection form.
Demonstration Guide To NavCad Operation 2–6

Step 7 – Select the prediction method


Continue with the selection of the bare-
One important aspect of resistance prediction is properly selecting a prediction
hull resistance prediction method.
method. NavCad’s prediction method expert is a prediction ranking system
that can help you determine which of NavCad’s many prediction methods can
provide the highest reliability and success.

Review the recommendation provided by


the Method Expert window. NavCad has
indicated that the Holtrop 1984 method
meets all of the parameters. It also points
out that it has been shown to slightly
underpredict the resistance so you should
keep this in mind.

Click Help to see additional details about


the method, and close the help window The ranking evaluates a variety of characteristics, from speed, to hull, to
when you are through. hydrodynamic details (like bulbous bows). The ranking is based not only on
the published limitations of the methods, but includes the results of extensive
Select the Holtrop 1984 method and then internal R&D and collaboration with many of the original authors.
click OK to close the window.

Step 8 – Enter prediction parameters


Define the various parameters to be used
A full resistance prediction requires you are
in the prediction.
describe a number of additional parameters for
the bare-hull prediction method, and to define
what additional drag methods you wish to use
(e.g., appendages).
Enter or select the following data:
Friction line = select ITTC
Technique = select Prediction (Options in
the full version allow you to Align
Prediction or Extrapolate a prediction to
a model test.)
Correlation allowance = click the estimate
button next to the field and choose the
Holtrop 3-D estimate
3-D form factor = check ON, then click the
estimate button and choose the Holtrop
estimate
Appendage = select Calc, then click the
method selection button and choose
Holtrop-1988 method
Demonstration Guide To NavCad Operation 2–7

Step 9 – Run the resistance prediction


Click Analysis | Calculate Resistance
Once you have entered all data and defined how you want the prediction
from the menu or click the corresponding
calculation to proceed, you can run the analysis.
toolbar button (shown here).
You will see that the button
background has turned red to indicate
that the active results do not correspond
with the data. In other words, something
about the data or prediction definitions
have changed, and a new calculation is Expand button
needed.

Performance
Summary

Results are presented in a spreadsheet called the Performance summary. You


can view the entire resistance prediction results – including all of the
coefficients – from within this table. You can also investigate the results a bit
deeper, and even modify results using the Performance summary.

You can expand and contract the


Performance summary with the Expand
button.
Changes to results can be made from
within the Performance summary table
when Edit results mode is enabled by
clicking the Analysis | Edit results mode
menu command or the corresponding Sometimes you will have a hull that does not fully comply with any prediction
toolbar button. method. Some piece or parameter of the hull may be outside the range of the
prediction method. NavCad’s sensitivity analysis evaluates the performance
An Edit results toolbar should be “sensitivity” of each hull data item.
displayed at the bottom of the table as
shown in the graphic.
Click the Show as percent button to see
the appendage drag figures shown as a
percentage of bare-hull drag.
Perform a sensitivity analysis by clicking
the Show sensitivity analysis button.
Review the information, then click OK to
continue.
Demonstration Guide To NavCad Operation 2–8

Step 10 – View and print reports


Generate a report with Tools | Create
NavCad generates all reports in HTML format. These are opened in either a
report | Data and results from the menu
Browser, Spreadsheet or Word processor. A browser is best for quick viewing
or click the Create data and results report
and printing reports. Opening a report in a spreadsheet allows for the easy
button from the toolbar.
manipulation of data. A formal report can be printed from a word processor.

The options for reports can be changed


through Edit | Options… (Reports tab).
Using that page you can select your
report preferences. (For now, keep the
default viewer as the Browser.) Close the
Options form when finished.
If hard copy is desired, use the browser to
print the NavCad generated report. (If
viewing reports in a browser, remember
that you have control over the text size.)

Step 11 – View and print graphs


Create a new graph by clicking the Edit
A graph is always shown in NavCad for quick viewing of results. The graph is
graph data toolbar button. This will
constantly updated using the most recently calculated data.
launch a special page for creating and
formatting graphs.

Choose Vel:Rtotal from the list box. (You


can also define a Custom graph which
can contain any axes.)
Click the Spline option to show a
smoothed line on the graph.
To view the new graph, click OK.
Look at various other graphs, including
multi-component graphs, like [Coefs]
which shows the resistance coefficients.
Demonstration Guide To NavCad Operation 2–9

Step 12 – Begin a propulsion analysis


Select View | Propulsion mode from the
After your resistance prediction is completed,
menu or click the corresponding toolbar
you can proceed with a propulsion analysis. The
button to activate this set of
first part of this analysis will run calculations for
calculations.
a pre-defined propulsion system. Then you will
have an opportunity to optimize your propeller.

In the Propulsion Build View define the


parameters to be used in the prediction:
Select Calc for Wake fraction, Thrust
deduction and Relative rotative efficiency.
Click the Select wake fraction method
button.
Select the Holtrop 1984 method and click
OK to close the window.
Repeat the selection of Holtrop 1984 for
Thrust deduction and Relative rotative
efficiency.
Use the existing values for Friction line,
Corr allowance and 3-D form factor.

Step 13 – Define the propulsor


Click Edit | Propulsor from the menu or
A variety of propulsors can be used in NavCad, including many different
click the corresponding toolbar button.
types of propellers and waterjets. The specifications of the propulsor and the
power delivery are described here.

Select or enter the following General data:


Number of propulsors = 2
Propulsor type = Series
Propulsor series = B-series
Blades = 4
Exp area ratio = 0.55
Diameter = 3
Pitch = 3
Immersion =1.95
We will not apply any Propeller options.
In the Engine/gear data group, enter the
following data:
Engine file = Ignore for now
Gear efficiency = 0.965
Gear ratio = 1
Shaft efficiency = select 0.98 estimate
Click Done.
Demonstration Guide To NavCad Operation 2–10

Step 14 – Run the propulsion analysis


In the Propulsion Build View, define the
NavCad offers four different propulsion analyses
various analysis parameters for a free-
– Free run, Towing, Acceleration and Fixed
running vessel. Then run the analysis.
RPM. The objective of each analysis is to find
the RPM that meets the analysis objectives. For
example, in a Free run analysis, the resulting
RPM is the one which provides just the right
delivered thrust to match the total resistance at
each speed.

Select the following options in the System


analysis group:
Analysis type = Free run
Cav criteria = Keller eqn
Click Analysis | Calculate Propulsion
from the menu or click the calculation
toolbar button. You can now review the
analysis results in the Performance
summary spreadsheet, as well as view or
print any reports and graphs.

Step 15 – Create an engine data file


Click Library | Engine… from the menu
At this point, you typically will have enough information to select an engine.
to open the engine file editor.
Review the PB/prop (brake power per prop) and PropRPM figures in the
Performance summary to help determine required engine power and to point
Select or enter to following: you to a reduction gear. For this example, you will define a 2800 kW engine.
Description = Eng 2800 kW @ 1000 RPM
Fuel rate = lph
Power units = kW
Rated power = 2800
Rated RPM = 1000

Enter the following combinations of RPM,


Power and Fuel:
1100 0 0 (no-load point)
1000 2800 779 (rated)
900 2600 666
800 2375 568
700 2095 472
600 1680 389
Click Use now and save the file as
E2800KW.ENG. Then click Save to
continue.
Demonstration Guide To NavCad Operation 2–11

Step 16 – Propulsion sizing

Click Edit | Propulsor to open the Once you have conducted a propulsion analysis for a representative propeller
Propulsor page and then click the and have selected a main engine, you can refine the propulsion system by
Propulsion sizing button. Then set up sizing the propeller (and optionally the reduction gear ratio). This step will
and run the propeller sizing. allow you to find the best propeller diameter, pitch and blade area ratio for
your application.
Enter or select the following:
Gear ratio = select Keep and enter 4
Exp. area ratio = Size
Diameter = Size
Nominal pitch = Size
Size for = Shaft power
Design speed = 20
Reference load = Click the estimate
button, and select the Shaft Power value
Reference RPM = 1000
Load design pt = 100
RPM design pt = 100
Max prop diam = 3
Click the Size button, review the results
and click OK to update the propeller data
with the new results.

Step 17 – Update the propulsion analysis


Click Analysis | Calculate Propulsion
Run the analysis on the hull (and its performance characteristics) and selected
from the menu or click the corresponding
propulsion equipment to review thrust, power, efficiency, fuel and cavitation.
toolbar button.

We can now see an interesting plot of


propeller power overlaid onto the engine
curve.
Create a new graph by clicking the Edit
graph data toolbar button.
Choose [PSprop/eng] from the list box.
Click the Spline option to show a
smoothed line on the graph.
To view the new graph, click OK.
Demonstration Guide To NavCad Operation 2–12

Step 18 – Closing the NavCad 2007 Demo

As you ran this demo, you saw the real NavCad in action – with the same
screens (and some of the calculations) as the commercial version.

From the menu, click File | Exit to close


the NavCad 2007 Demo.
Demonstration Guide To NavCad Operation 2–13

Toolbar guide
The toolbar enables quick access to frequently-used tasks. The first section holds File handling
buttons. The second group selects the Calculation mode – Resistance or Propulsion. The Edit and
Calculate groups follow. Graph file handling buttons are followed by Graphing and Reporting
buttons. The last group holds the Help button.
File handling
New project – creates a new NavCad job file.

Open project – opens a previously saved NavCad job file.

Save project – saves the current NavCad job file.

Calculation mode
Resistance analysis – enables the resistance analysis mode.

Propulsion analysis – enables the propulsion analysis mode.

Data editing
Edit condition data – opens the condition edit page.

Edit hull data – opens the hull edit page.

Edit appendage data – opens the appendage edit page.

Edit environment data – opens the environment edit page.

Edit margin/towed barge/towed net data – opens the misc edit page.

Edit propulsion data – opens the propulsion edit page.

Calculations and results


Calculate resistance analysis / Calculate propulsion analysis – performs a
resistance or propulsion analysis (depending on the selected Calculation mode).
Note: When the button background is red it signifies that the results shown are
not current with the data. A calculation is needed to display the correct results.
Edit results mode – enabled/disables the editing of Performance summary
(described in the Edit Results Toolbar section that follows).

Graph file handling


Save graph – save the currently displayed graph as an image file.

Print graph – prints the currently displayed graph.

Graphing and reporting


Quick plot – creates a plot of the currently selected column in the Performance
summary vs. speed.
Edit graph data – set up and display a custom-defined graph, or one of a selection
of pre-defined graphs.
Demonstration Guide To NavCad Operation 2–14

Create results report / Create data and results report – generates a results only
report or a data and results report.
View report with Browser / …with Spreadsheet / …with Word processor – selects
the type of report viewer type (web browser, spreadsheet or word processor).

Help
Help – opens the NavCad help file.

Calculation progress bar


During a calculation this displays the progress of the calculation.

Edit Results Toolbar


When NavCad is in Edit results mode an Edit Results Toolbar is shown between the graph and the
Performance Summary. This toolbar holds buttons that affect the results in the Performance
Summary. Each of the two views – Resistance and Propulsion – has its own Edit Results Toolbar.
Resistance
Select data to recalc from – Select the item to be the basis for the re-calculation.

Show as percent – Shows the added drag resistances as percentages.

Show sensitivity analysis– Performs and displays the results of a sensitivity analysis.

Fill selected column – Fills the selected column with the currently selected cell
value.

Zero selected column – Fills the selected column with zeros.

Clear all results – Clears all results in the Performance summary.

Propulsion
Select data to recalc from – Select the item to be the basis for the re-calculation.

Fill selected column – Fills the selected column with the currently selected cell
value.

Zero selected column – Fills the selected column with zeros.


The NavCad User’s Guide 3
The NavCad User’s Guide is a very thorough instruction manual for NavCad operation. It is also a
comprehensive resource on various hydrodynamic topics.
The chapters have been arranged to provide an extensive Tutorial of NavCad functions, followed by
the technical background for the calculations. A number of appendices offer detailed insight into
individual prediction methods.

User’s Guide contents


A brief outline of each chapter is described below.
Chapter 1 – Introduction & Getting Started
• Installation and setup
• Additional setup for network licensing
Chapter 2 – A Quick Tutorial
• Getting Around NavCad
• A General Example
• Beginning a new project
• Configuring NavCad for the new project
• Enter vessel condition data
• Enter hull data
• Enter appendage data
• Build a resistance prediction
• Select the prediction method
• Enter prediction parameters
• Run the resistance prediction
• View and print reports
• View and print graphs
• Begin a propulsion analysis
• Define the propulsor
• Run the propulsion analysis
• Create an engine data file
• Propulsion sizing
• Update the propulsion analysis
• Closing NavCad
• Toolbar Guide
Chapter 3 – Program Examples
• Starting a New Project
• Creating a project data file
• Configuring NavCad for a new project
• Entering Data For a Resistance Prediction
• Enter vessel condition data
• Enter hull data
• Enter appendage data
• Enter environment data
• Enter a design margin
• Running a Resistance Prediction
The NavCad User’s Guide 3-2

• Select the prediction method


• The "Method Expert”
• Enter prediction parameters
• Run the prediction calculation
• Evaluating a Resistance Prediction
• Reviewing and modifying results
• Sensitivity analysis
• View, Edit and Print Reports
• Tabular reports of results and data
• Graphical reports of results
• Blade Scan Analysis
• Propeller data
• Scan data
• Parameters
• Data plot
• Buttons
• Example
• Improve accuracy of Mean pitch with more data
Chapter 4 - Resistance Prediction
• Numerical Bare-hull Prediction
• Geosim Coefficient (CT-based) Method
• Overview
• Viscous Resistance
• Form
• Residuary and Wave-making Resistance
• Three-dimensional system
• Resistance/Weight Ratios
• Equilibrium Planing Case
• Catamaran Interference
• Nature of interference
• CT-based interference prediction
• Planing interference prediction
• Catamaran "whole-system" methods
• Model-Ship Correlation
• Modifying Existing Prediction Methods
• Hydrodynamic Dimensions
• Length
• Longitudinal center of buoyancy
• Data at “midship”
• About Bare-Hull Prediction Methods
• Correlating Bare-hull Prediction to Known Performance
• Aligned Prediction
• Ct-based hulls
• Planing hulls
• Expansion
• Ct-based analysis
• Planing analysis
• Using Full-scale Trials Like Model Data
• Appendages
• Wind and Seas
• Restrictive Channel Effects
• Towed Nets and Barges
The NavCad User’s Guide 3-3

Chapter 5 – Propulsion Analysis


• Principal Analysis Formula
• Effective Power
• Delivered (Developed) Power
• Shaft Power
• Brake Power
• Quasi-Propulsive Coefficient (QPC)
• Overall Propulsive Coefficient (OPC)
• Propulsive Efficiency
• Hull influences (propulsive coefficients)
• Wake fraction
• Thrust deduction
• Relative-rotative Efficiency
• Tunnel Stern Correction
• Shaft Efficiency
• Gear Efficiency
• System Analysis
• Free-run
• Towing
• Fixed RPM
• Acceleration
• Evaluating Acceptable Performance
• Engine RPM
• Cavitation
• Tip Cavitation
• Face Cavitation
• Back Cavitation
• Blade Impulse Pressure
• Calculation of Propulsor Performance
• Thrust and Torque Coefficients
• Propeller Open-water Efficiency
• Series Types
• Series Corrections
• Thrust and Power Factors (KT/KQ multipliers)
• Geometric Corrections
• Cupped propellers
• Scale Correction
• Cavitation Correction
• Shaft Angle Correction (Oblique Flow)
• User-defined KT/KQ
• Comments on the Nature of Propellers
• Pitch, Speed and RPM
• Diameter and RPM
• Controllable Pitch Propellers
• Waterjet Performance
• Waterjet Data
• Thrust and Torque Coefficients
• Oblique Flow
• Cosine Effects
• Inflow Pitch Angle Effects
• Net Thrust and Torque
• Calculation Technique
• Finding Optimum Propeller Performance
The NavCad User’s Guide 3-4

• Propeller Series
• Diameter
• Pitch
• Blade Area
• Number of Blades
• Skew
• Revolution
• Choosing Conditions for Sizing
• Design Speed
• Load Identity and Design Point
• Engine Considerations
• Numerical Propeller Selection Procedures
• Engine Performance
• Fuel Rate
Chapter 6 – Supplemental Calculations
• Dynamic Trim
• Ct-based Hulls
• Planing Hulls
• Vessel Squat
• Ct-based Hulls
• Blade Scan Analysis
• Propeller data
• Scan data
• Parameters
• Data plot
• Buttons
• Example
• Improve accuracy of Mean pitch with more data
• Barge Train Resistance
• Prediction Methods

Appendix A - References
• References
• Symbols
Appendix B - Errors and Warnings
• Calculation Errors
• General Errors
• Project Errors
• Procedural Errors
• IDF File Errors.
Appendix C - Data Descriptions
• Data field descriptions
Appendix D - Symbols and Values
• Symbols and Values
Appendix E – Importing and Exporting Data
• NavCad Project File (.NC5)
• SwiftCraft Project File (.HCF)
• Model/parent Library File (.MDL)
The NavCad User’s Guide 3-5

• Propeller Library File (.PRP)


• User-defined Kt/Kq Library File (.KTQ)
• Waterjet Library File (.JET)
• Engine Library File (.ENG)
• IMSA Transfer Definition File (.IDF)
Appendix F – External Programs
• Run time data transfer
• Running user programs
Appendix G - Reference Standards
• Water Characteristics
• Miscellaneous Standards
Appendix H - Resistance Prediction Methods
• Bare-hull – Monohull, Catamaran, Interference Methods
• Added resistance – Appendage , Wind, Seas, Channel, Miscellaneous margin
• Towed Nets and Towed Barges
Appendix I - Propulsive Coefficient Prediction Methods
• Description of Methods
Appendix J - Open Water Propeller Series
• Propeller Series