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-If can be

evaluated by successive approximation using the fono;i"g

scheme

based on the Colebrook formula:

for the given e/D

is usually a good guess if the pipe is rough. The Blasiui

Eq. (7.45), gives a good first guess for .-iotf, pffi. --* '

formula,

, Calculate an improved valuJof /from

f 0.25

/ncw -

to /.ro (usually two iterations is sufficient). '"'-

fn"nis close enough

turbulent flow

m. water at

20'c flows through the pipe ar rhe rare of 1.0 m!/s. Fi"ait

;;;;;

the energy loss in a ?b"m length of the pipe. Assume fully develop.a

"

drop and

no*,.

Solution

Given

Commercial steel pipe

inside diameter 1.0 m

Length75m *

Il'ater flow rate 1.0 m9/s

Iater temperature 20oC

Find

Pressure drop

Inergy loss

Solution

We will solve this problem two ways. ?he first method will

use the Moody

:hart and the second method the Colebrook formula. fn both methods

the energy

.css is found from the Darcy-weisbach formula:

sh,:,(*)(#)

lhe relative roughness for the pipe founC using Fig. ?.12 i"s

:DV: 0.0000?.

number

4q : n( to{)

s/

R- nvD \ L.27 x 106

m2\

,( ,.oo x 10-6

\ T/ (1.0 m)

4gZ Steady lncompressible Flow in Pipes and Ducts

: 0.01??. Next we u$e Eq. (3.37a) to grve -

r-rL**ttr,i$

^-

F+m

i.l'r-t"F th I

4e a(r.o-\

U r!'rJ4 tdA* \

v a \ .+ : r.z7 m/s.

w"e b.p"re

H,1,

ghr.:0.012?\rO*

)V, Answer p\ l,

J l:l

'ri

- F ?fa!

"*-_"tl!''r"a

.*lr d& 5

+!

bpa* Ap**T(at-zzl,

where

LPt: Pght, '\ '* II lulli{y

*,n

* E;

7 77 and Ap, * p(gh)' Table A'5 gives p =

$ince the pipe is horizontal, E1 --#

aildb -

&#"{i-*

! !,

tr

qr

:770N/m"

"*;d

lAPr*ZZOFa. I r { {F

+ iql

ialcutate the relative roughness ald

the Beynolds number, obtaining

f

,-l;n*E_*J

Sincetheflowisturbulent,theBlasiuaformulacanbetrsedtomakea6c

guess for;f:

Iterating with Eq. (?.48) gives '*

$" llr

0'25 lffifri'* $I

rl, :-

L

Itl -t,

0.0129'

It ;,

gives

using this value of / on the right side

0.25

c

Fn.* = f

L,out-f

* i:bi

70:0000? \lt

)J

: 0'0127,

€ ,, .,, .,,, ,, .' ' "- " "' "' "a'=r, rl

/ ncw -- ,,t-,,,, /0.00007 '0"'?l 2.51

llogf-+ 3.? ' l.w ['

L'-' \ "106@

"lfuumc

itrmx

: 0.0127' :uuuM

7.2 Fully Developed Flow in Pipes and Ducts 433

Convergence has occurred,. IJsing this value of f (the same value we obtained

5om the Moody chart) with the Darcy-Weisbach and pressure drop equatio_qr,

we have

Answer

I sh, - 0.77 N'm/kg I r{

snd

Answer

I AP, = 770 Pa. I

Discussion

Note that pfessure drop and pressure loss are equal because the pipe is

iorizontal and the fow ig fully developed. How would the pressure drop and

iressnre loss change ifthe pipe were vertical (e, - zz* L)?

:asy using the Colebrook formula but more difficult with the Moody

::art. Recalling that ght, E, and D are given, we define a new Reynolds

-'rmber,

R' = tfR'

r:d write the Colebrook formula,

0.25

f: (7.62)

['"*(9.ff)]'

Ivaluating Ry in terms of dimensional pararneters, we have

Rr: (7.63)

&. does not contain velocity and can be calcr"rlated from the given data.

'fr'e

can solve the velocity/flow rate Broblem as follows:

r Compute R1 by substituting given values of gh1, D, v, and tr into

Eq. (7.63).

r Compute / from Eq. (?.62).

r Compute V from the Darcy-Weisbach equation,

z{ehL)D

(?.64)

fL'

or from

us!.

v - DJ7 (7.65)

),, lte that no iteration is requirerl if the Colebrook formula is used.

rr:k'own velocity.

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